Alton Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on January 4, 1900 · Page 6
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Alton Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 6

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 4, 1900
Page 6
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ALTOK WEJBKLr TELEGRAPH, THUBSUAY, JAN. 4, 1900. MAGAZINES FOR JANUARY Traveler's Description of What South Africa Is Like. PIOTUBE OF THE LAI OF THE LAND Flve-Nlxtha of the Interior In n Vttftt Plateau Six Thoiiannd l-'eet Above the Sen — Ownerlemi lulnnd* That freed Ucchltinnpirii—Crnmide Airnlnnt the Sweatubop, Allen Sangree contributes to A Inslee's for January an article on South Africa. This Is how the country appeared to him: "You land In South Africa at th foot of a mountain ,'3,000 feet higli They call It Table mountain, and tin veil of mist that, excepting on verj clear days, overhangs It South Afrl cans are pleased to term the 'Table cloth.' Presenting n front of solid rod 1,000 feet In height, perpendicular nn a wall and for half a mile on top qulti leVel, this mountain offers the bes natural signboard on earth. Time and again have Knglish firms attempt cd with fabulous sums to secure It foi advertising purpose;), but as yet there has been no such defacement. "Table mountain marks the tip end of the dark continent. Below It lies lies tho city of Cape Town, a beautiful bay stretching out In the fort- ground. On (he west the mountain breaks off abruptly, and the railroad Skirts about it to (he Interior. On the cast It slopes off Into a hilly, ple.-tur- «sque formation known as the 'Lion's Back' ami then gradually rises bile) tho Drakensburg mountains. This the only great mountain range south of the Zambezi, and by noting its location one may understand In a t rice- Just what South Africa Is geographically. - "Steaming along the east coast from •Cope Colony northward you have the Drakeusbnrg In view nearly all tin- way lo I'.eira. a distance of •J.IKIO miles. In Cape Colony and Natal the mountains In many places dip to tin.- water's edge, and with a tieldglass one may see on their crags and peaks smoke curling up from the native villages. 1 In Portuguese territory the mountains recede slightly from the e'eiast. and at Dclagoa Bay there is an intervening stretch of lowland l!(i miles wide'. At Beira this has Increased to i;o miles. At the Zambezi the- Drakensburg ends. "To get Into Hie 1 Interior of South Africa from any eif the live- east const landing places—Port ICIIza belli, Hast London, Durban. Delagoa Bay mid Beira—one must first cross a short ex- tout of lowland and then ascend steep mountains. Having arrived there, the traveler Is conscious of little or no descent, five-sixths of they whole interior being a vast plateau that extends to the Zambezi on the north, the Atlantic ocean on the west, and varies In altitude from 3,000 to ('.,000 feet above the sea level. "A fringe of tropical country, where bloom the magnolia and the rose, where flourish the orange, pineapple, lemon, guava, grape, banana, the cotton and the tea plant; a long stretch of mountains running parallel with the Indian ocean, the highest peaks of Which are capped with snow and in whose valleys wave tracts of wheat and corn; a vast prairie, dotted here and there with patches of scrub wood- laud, mission stations and Immense farms with millions of sheep and cattle grazing thereon; a few thousand hamlets scattered like oases over n gre-nt landscape, made black by the native Africans, who live In thatched huts aud wear but a breechcloiit; a down large towns where are heard the clang of the American trolley car and the clutter of the police patrol and about which men cluster as flies gather to a Jar of sweets; the remnants of a once mighty zoological garden. Including many leopards, beautiful anil lithe; 'baboons, antelopes, jackals and crocodiles, a less number of hippopotamuses ami a few herds of buffaloes, eloplianis and giraffes; Home Iron ore, some coal, some cupper ami a little silver. In miles of gold and inn ae'i-e-s of diamonds-that Is South Africa." .^JyhV Frederick A. Cook, writing of antarctic e-xjilorallon lu the- .laninry Century, tells of certain islands that lUlght well be tilted with lighthouses: "A series of low. pyramidal masses appeared under thi> seiiiihcru sky. n was like a haul, of blue- fog fringed With snowy bands. Tin- "hole Icnuib of our seaboard formed an ill dellm-d, ckmilllke aggregation resting on Hie black water and e-xteiidiug the entire length from northeast to soniinvesi. As we steamed on the center groups became more distinct, and il»- whole line rose above the- hoi'l/.on. when- we rocngnlxed it as the northern c.vpo^mv of tile South Shetland Islands. During the afternoon a gcnllc but piercing Wine) came from the land, bringing with It a glassy air and JIM easy. s || very sen, over which tin- now land «l(Wd oil) in bold relief \\',. riililil ills tlngulsh Livingston Island o\,-r our porl beiw, and iiurtliwcsiward, moiling Illto Hie blue, airy distance, \\oro m" nicrons similar Islands. Over our snir- iHiurd bow was Smllh Island, Us base Vtlll under the wate-r (in miles away. "lit n general way lids const Hue re- BCillblew parts of the Greenland land- Hettpe, About the largest Wands there «ro many small, Ice- free Isles or rocks, Which are i he resting places of se-als, "_ ' cormorants ami gulls. On f the larger Islands, ami especially on ^Livingston Island, tin-re- are- high peaks '• '-lid Miiuided, domelike hills, which are ypi'il with NIIOW, but their sides aro , /'. The vullcyK are tilled with largo 'lorn, which Bend tongues out luto sea.. \Vo »uw up glaciers. Itowovor, Ich came out for any dlsiinico Into water. The limb of nJe loo wa » generally ut high water mark, where H wasted away In small fragments. There was no snow on the coastal lowlands, but there was also iioflilng to Indicate vegetation. From what we Inter j learned of the hinds farther south. It Is .' extremely possible that mosses and ; lichens are here abundant, but there Is i n.o hope for grass or trees. "It la very curious that this group of Islands, about 1(X) In number, with n thousand miles of accessible coast Hue and several goo/I harbors, free of Ice for much of the year, should remain unclaimed by any government and unsettled by human efforts. H would be a humane mission If our government would take possession of this group of Islands and place there a lighthouse, with n supply station for the preservation of shipwrecked sailors. Vessels fire lost In this vicinity almost every yenr. and we do not know but that Rome poor seamen are now stranded on one of the many desolate Islands, awaiting the relief which never comes." SEIZURE OF FLOUR SHIPS WOOL FROM LIMESTONE. n( Exporters Regard Question Raised as of Great Importance. ITS INTERNATIONAL ASPECT. Clubwomen who go shopping for white muslin underwear nowadays are pretty apt lo ask if it bus a ••Consumers' label," writes Bertha Uuuiarls Knobe lu the January Woman's Home Companion. This in a stamp which shows the approval of the National Consumers' league and bears the two printed Inscriptions ".Made under clear and wholesome conditions" and "License tu use this label Is granted after Investigation." Indeed many clubwomen have taken a pledge to purchase no other muslin. Their attention has been llrst directed to muslin because both the producers ami consumers of it are largely women. They aim to down the sweatshop ami support the factory which, unioug other things, is both sanitary and tin-proof, employs no child labor and has H reasonable limit on hour* of labor. Thin movement started in .Massachusetts several years ago, and in Unit slate today L'.IKMI women are organized for better industrial conditions of women and children, (t Mas spread to New York. Pennsylvania and Illinois. These four .slates make up the National Coners' league. The women's clubs linvo become actively interested be- ause "industrial oroblcins affecting women and children" are now receiving attention, and by individual pledge ind united effort to secure belter laws the fair ones of leisure are doing a vast unoiint of good for their sisters of toll. "South Africa imports hides, wool mil mohair, ami the ranchman would :-evel in riches were it not for the various pcsis that decimate his Hocks ind herds. The most deadly one is the .•inderpesi. a cattle plague which In the asl ten years has been slowly creeping 'rom central Africa south ward, lea ring i wake of whitened bones, lu triivcl- ng through Natal 1 saw ,"iit oxen lying lead about a spring, where they had iimblcd one over the other, so .siiddcn- y had the disease attacked them." vrites a correspondent in Alnslee's Magazine for January. "It was almost mposslble then to got an untitiged ncce of steak at a restaurant, though he proprietor resented any such 'barge, and a plethoric liermiin travel- T who culled in a loud tone for 'roast •ludcrpest' in the railroad cafe at I)e Var Junction, Cape- Colony, had to lie licked up In fragments. l)r. Koch and ther eminent specialists tried In vain o stop this plague. The country Is low recovering from it slowly. "Another pest is the tsetse.' tly. an In- ect resembling our common house fly. nit three limes as large-. Its bite will JI1 a horse, cow or any other domestic nlnial In about ten days. but. strange o say, does not affect a wild animal or human being. A less dangerous but ore troublesome 1 pest Is the white ant. vhli-h Is uliont oue-ijuarlor of an inch mg and ubiquitous in many parts of lie country. They live under Un- round and can only be routed by kill ng I lie iineeii. which sometimes reach- s the- si/.c- of one- Inch In length. This used Is particularly harassing in film- esla. At Bulawayo my traveling eom- i.-inlon linidvciicntly left Ids hoots on lie- Door after turning In at night, and ie arose- next morning to find the up iers carefully separated from I lie sole-s. i.neUy yon didn't leave your clothes II tin 1 Moor,' was the hotel keeper's nly e'oiiMilaiion. These ants will e-nt hrough anything but metal, and for hat n-ason much „( the. bulleling is oni' with corrugated iron. The 1 ant ill Is one 1 of ilic conspicuous laud uirks in traveling over South Africa." \i-ril l-Viir \n (urn Itlvill*. Tin- encouraging fe-atureof the grow- i- popularity of Indian corn abroad Is Inn i!ie- I'uiied Sliiii-s need fear no in tin 1 prodm lion eif that grain. Now York Tribune. The' lands v mil' most formidable' rivals re cannot produce com. Tim- Spni'tini Mi more rml>nir<-. tli-' ii.ihly |ilat 111.' H.i .'-il;- ,imi'l i In- i X|,tH ' ,<r il»- m . |>;ul"' Mir hiili". lit-l «,..-. Sln< In, I- Klin •.-,, AIM! n-;i'l i In- |i»lh lii- dull. • "Win. ttnliu (in Kicliiiiil liul lil - Ali'l li-li-n- (..I III- Mi'lll'l I In- J.--T Scilllrri ll»' !.'• IYIVHI',1 I Smile . i II. IW II, rl (h, n .1 Kilt- l.llr.0*. »!., (il 'flu- fi>li'l''i slult. Tile- «i(r'>, Ilii 1 tlCKI 1 IH'I It' I In h All, I ^1:; 'I in, I. li-nr. lll M.lil .nv III.' 'l'l 1,||,' Ol hi,' HI' I III I I l.,r Ir.' Hit'.' Kill !•<• ft , 'I'n till,I liilll I Hi '.]:"l My ri'l Anil lii- 'ivalli "IVIlO llil'l (o| n .I'M ln.'.iU thf ruil! 'Ill f.lll-i !,,! I,IM|. III-. ll.l|l|H |ul|. I" li"liir :Mnl rent, itlti'4 .11 (!.<• mil,' In I' III MlliIlMU tin-Hut. 'I ll,- fall HIM- uii'i'ii miiiilii-rn h'lil— limn* Kti'fp* \\itli (!ml." irt Uurnile ..I KiiifUnd, Advice c>,< (he HlKtitci of NontrnU Ilnn«>il on (he Lonrcnc-o Marquen Iii- clilont MniiRhl li> Shlptti-r* In New York—Vleim of nn Kxpcrl »n (he SH«urr. Exporters throughout New York city were recently discussing with much Interest the recent acts of the British government In virtually seizing three vessels bound from New York for Lourenco Marques, In Delagoti Bay, Portuguese Kast Africa. The cargoes affected by Oreat Britain's action, consisting entirely of American products bound for a neutral port, arc considered, says the New York Times, ns having nilsed a question of momentous Importance to American merchants, especially in view of the worldwide expansion of American commerce. The three vessels whose cargoes have been Interfered with, the Beatrice, the Mashona and the Maria, the two first named being Knglish and the third Dutch, carried among other American products about 2(1,000 barrels of flour shipped by the Pennsylvania. Export and Milling company, aud it Is believed, in the absence of more dcllnlte information from the scat of the trouble, that It was this shipment principally that caused the English warships to take action. Therefore the advice and opinions of specialists lu International law were being sought, by shippers the other day regarding llotir as a contra band of war. The New York agents of the milling company admitted that their entire shipment en the three steamers for 1'elagoa I'ay was'consigned to merchants in Jnlunncshurg. although they disclaimed any knowledge' of Its being Intended for use- by the Boer government. A. .1. Te icy. one of the milling company's agents, saiel that they were not certain whether their sliip- ment Inn! been se-ize-d or that the vessels hail simply been warned away from Lnurcnco Marques. lu either case. In- said, his company was left ill a peculiar predicament owing to the fact that the various papers dealing with the- shipment had gone by mail to Johannesburg houses mid could not be recovered Immediately. "AVe have no other shipments in transit to Jvlngon. fortunately," said Mr. Toomey, "ami under the circumstances it Is not likely that we will have." n.vsses 1). Kdyc of Flint. Eclye & Co.. who had shipments on the detained vessels, when seen, made light of the whole question. "The value of our entire shipment." he saiel, "does not exceed $5.000. II consisted of ordinary merchandise, mostly canned goods, and was of not much Importance. \Ve are perfectly coiillile-nt thai the British government, whatever disposition it makes of the goods, will pay well for them, as 1 don't think It will put needless obstacles in the way of American merchants. The chief Importance of this matter, of course-, lies In Its relation to International law. International law Is not established by a union of nations, but rather In precedents established by one natlem and acquiesced In by others. England may be establishing a precedent in this case, and the attitude of other nations may be watched with Interest, for this case'. In Its International legal aspect, presents several new and Important features. All we can do Is to watch and wait our government's action." Edward K. Jones of 45 Cedar street, who acted as special counsel for the American government In cases of vessels seized during the Spanish-American war, saiil that In the case of the I>clagoii Bay seizurcM there were several questions to be considered. "The first question arising," he said, "Is whether Hour Is a contraband of war. l-'or many years England, owing to her supremai'.v em the seas, has largely assumed the' task of deriding as to what Is c-eHitrahaud. Tin- list of articles constituting contraband of war. however. Is. yet far from com-iien-. ami precedents are being constancy established If England proves ilmi she is conducting a campaign of reduction and ultimately contemplates the Invest incut of Johannesburg or Pretoria, for Instance, sin- can. I think, rightly claim that large shipini'iiis O f Hour and other food si nil's destined for Transvaal cltie's are for the aid and comfort of the- enemy "As war is now otllrlnlly rooogul/od between Hie two countries. Knglninl mlghi claim that ihongh the Investment of i he Boer capital is reunite the- enemy might si ill In- laving lu stores for thai contingency |f Hn-se- contentions wen- nil proveel. It would make- no dllTcrciicc whethiT the vessels carrying ";!di cargoes were neutral or were boeml for neutral ports. The proceedings would be- considered as being directed toward tin- e-argnes and not inward the vessel-, " Inquiry at the various sicamshlp of llces developi'il the fact that none of the Vi'hsels now en route from \V\v York to South Africa has any ship nienls for l>c)a«on May. ICdivard N. Norton of Norton tV Sou, agents for the (hive vessels detained ,,u the African cellist, said: '^Ye will receive goods for delivery at I'ehigoa Buy. but with the express provision that we will not In- responsible for their delivery. Ship per* are naturally unwilling to take- fhls risk, ami at pivsent I.oure-ne'o Marques Is practically eliminate)! from our list of ports," Herbert Barber of Harder & Co.spoke tu a similar strain regarding Pelagoa Day xhlpinentn. t'ln nt lOMnltllHliod | Intl., h? n St. tjonlM <:liciuln(. E. C. Hall, a young chemist who came to Alexandria from St. Louis with the tJuloti Sled company, Is making wool out of limestone, states a Iliigerstown (Ind.i dispatch to the Chicago Times-Herald. He has a laboratory near the city limits, the entrance to which Is very jealously guarded. There Is a strange looking furnace, Into which he feuds by a special mechanical device the limestone that Is found In this neighborhood in great quantities. At I'ne opposite end of the furnace a while woolllke substance Is blown rtut. The wool has not the properties which make It desirable for weaving, but as a nonconductor It has no equal and possesses the chief qual Ity of asbestus. The process Is a secret one. The fol lowing particulars were given out bj Mr. Hall: The stone found In the neigh borhood Is of a peculiar ehemler.l formation when first quarried, and when In that condition melts readily at a certain temperature. While In a moltcr stale it is mixed with a chemical nolu tlon in which powdered glass is thought to be one of the ingredients. It Is then subjected to a blowing process which separates It Into thread.* like finely spun wool. It has sullicicnt strength, but the nap is not lonj? enough for weaving. There is a residue In the shape of small beads of a glassllkc substance •which Mr. Hall has thus far been unable to get out of fhe wool. lie cannot subject it to the combing process and Is now at work on a scheme of chemical dissolution which will run the beads out and at the same time have a refining effect upon the texture of the wool. As it stands today. In its crude state, it Is a wool silica. It has no equal for deadening floors, for packing around refrigerators to confine the cold and around steam pipes lo conline the heat. Its use in partitions and between wooden walls in houses will greatly retard the spread of tire and possibly prevent it. It may be compressed and In that state used as a lining for grates and stoves. The process is accomplished very economically, and the finished product is comparatively inexpensive. Scientific and business men believe (lint the young chemist has a fortune In his dls- eoverv. ANIMALS IN PHILIPPINES HUGE MAP OF NEW YORK. nemiirknlilt- Specimen Ilelnur Prepared Kor Hie Purl* Hxponl I Ion, Twenty civ!! engineers and draftsmen are at work night am} day upon the most stupendous undertaking In the history of mapmaking. The whole city of New York, including also Yonkers, Mount Vernon and New Hocholleon the north, Sandy Hook and our harbor fortl- flctitlonson the south.North Mompstead and adjoining portions of Nassau county on the east and the Highlands of Navesink, Paterson, Newark. Jersey City, Hoboken and Bayonne on the west, Is being put to paper on the scale of OCR) feet to the Inch, says the New York Herald. The work was begun In July last under the direction of New York's chief topographical engineer, Louis A. Ilisso. and for the colossal map the city appropriate^ the sum of $10,000. The map Is In seven sections, the whole, when placed together upon the specially built platform, covering a space of °.S by '.M feet. A most elaborate bonier will inclose this map. This will display 50 artistically drawn sketches of prominent buildings. A special corps of men will take charge of tills feature. The map will show not only the streets aud houses, but railroads, surface lines, canals, contours, bridges, underground pipe and electric cable conduits—In fact, every topographical feature of this most industrious anil intricate district on the whole hemisphere. A liarel wood (da t form will bold the map. pi'operly railed to prevent Injury and tilled to Invite- cosy Inspection when set up In one of the great buildings of the Purls exposition next year. The work should properly take three years lo complete, but by employing the most energetic and thorough experts the stupendous labor will be completed by Jan. I.Y r.n;ii Freedom of I In- I'lcleU Fur an l£x- I'ri-nlileiii. Kx-Pivsli'c'tit Harrison, In a faded velvet hum ing suit, left Indianapolis recently. being dragged through the waiting room of the L'uloij station by two big dogs which he had In chains. He gave them slack, and Immediately they showed symptoms of wanting lo lie down. The-n they would start In opposite- directions and almost pull the general's arm eiff. Hi' se'cme-d to be basing as much fun out of It as the dogs, and when they got him tangled up in Hie chains he laughed as loudly as ilie- people who witnessed the scene, says the- Chicago Tribune. The gen- e'fiil lias promised Hamilton county friends lei undertake to bag some of the'lr game, lie is the only man In the state- who Is not stopped by farmers whose lands are posted against hunting i:\i-rywln-re he IH cordially received (li-IHxd !>li-H'- Train l-'or I'rrloi-ln. Tlio siege- train which has just been eniliaikcd tor South Africa will play an important part in the capture of Pretoria, says the London Court .lour- lial. The ii-iilu Is mai.'in-d by over 1,500 •Ulcers and men of the artillery, and its ai'inanii-nt and ammunition weigh iver fi.tino tons. Thcru are fourteen (i lue-h, eight .'. Inch, eight -I Ilie-h and Ight 1.7 inch ipilck firing guns, with gun carriage's anil mountain appliances complete, ami ititi.oiid rounds of shell. Illl 111 in (i I-I-'H M n II n in I. n I, The llalllmnrc Society /if the SOUK of the American Itovolntioii lias determined to erect a $;>O,IMHI monument lu thai city to fhe Maryland patriots who lit In the -Mr Specimens Wanted by the Smithsonian Institution. BEASTS AND BIRDS HARD TO GET. Among- Ttiem Are the Savnffe Little "Tnmnrnii," a Spec I en of Buffalo) the Tarnlcr Monkey, Civet CM* and Fruit ICntlnK Unix—How BnfTnloe* Are IIiinlrd—Philippine Bird*. On the desk of the adjutant general In the palace there lies a pamphlet from the Smithsonian Institution, tolling what specimens of animals arc wanted from the Philippines, writes the Chicago Record's Manila correspondent under the date of Oct. "1. lu the llrst place, a "tamuraii" Is wanted. Now, the "tannirati" Is an exceedingly wary and very wild animal of the buffalo order. It Is smaller than the carabno and fiercer in a tight. It lives In the Island of Mlndoro aud hides In the jungle and swamps. Just at preiient there are very few persons gathering specimens from that particular island. Kor that matter, there arc not many specimen hunters anywhere In these parts. Another animal wanted is the tnrsler monkey. That little beast has rings around his eyes that, remind one of spectacles. His tall is longer and bis head Is larger than those of the average monkey. The Institution also asks that It be given several species of deer, the "babul," or wild hog, monkeys of two specie's, a small oat, two species of the civet cat. or "inusang," fruit eating bats of different species, several peculiar large rats, the colugo. or flying lemur, and the very remarkable and Interesting 'tarsicr, or "ma- gott." In the bird line it speaks of the flamingo, the parrot, eagles auel hornbills, cockatoos and parakeets, pheasants and pigeons, pelicans and cuckoos. There are several more that will be accepted, but these are some of Hie specimens especially wanted. Coming back to the "tamarau," it will lie extremely dllHcult for the institution to get a specimen that, has not first gone through the hands of the tax- idarmist. It is of record that if the savage little animal is trapped it will commit suicide rather than submit to captivity. This it will do either by beating out its life against the prison bars or by the slower process of starving itself to death. And there is little hope for the young. They, too, refuse to take nourishment, even when put In the tender mercies of a tame buffalo cow, and elie- in a short lime. As a conseiiueuce.' animals arc represented by their hides in the museums and by tales of adventure of the hunters. They light each other like the deer of North America, but they oftener light the larger buffalo. When they do. they generally kill the buffalo. The buffalo, or earabao. Is also want- eel. It will be an easy matter to get that animal. It can be kept alive, but It will need its ha Hi of mud twice a day. All buffaloes are mil tame, however, and the- sport of hunting them Is a little less than that of hunting elephants. A buffalo Is trained to stalk Its fellows.. Behind the unwieldy beasts slip tilong the hunters, armed with bolos. When at the right distance, the hunter slips from behind his blind or decoy and delivers two blows In the hips of his victim. If the blows are well alined. Hie hunter has hamstrung his victim. If not, he is killed before lie can get away. The old buffalo, too, is a fighter, and he will lock Ids spreading horus with his tamed brother promptly.- at the tirst sight. The young are not so wise, and they are captured and lamed. The cat of the Philippines Is wanted by the museum authorities. It will be- easy to procure, as there tire plenty of cats to spare in every municipality in this part of the archipelago. These cats, the real thoroughbreds, have a little.- hook at the end of their tails and cannot straighten them emt even when they run up a tree out of the way of a dog. There are many birds, though few songsters. A few thrushes do sing, but the warble of the North American songsters Is missing from the piping. The thrush Is shy, too, and it Is a lucky man that sees one. Among the "fowls of the air" are the pelican and flamingo. The hitter fly across the bay just at daylight, their bright plumage brightened |, >v the reddened rays of the sun. As for monkeys, there are whole families of them on this Island alone. If there Is any dllliciilty In getting the tnrsler, the deficiency could be made up In ijnantllU's of the solemn faced members of the tribes that submit to i-upluri' and clvillxaiion. There are rats, too--big, saucy fellows, which Inmble and squeal about at night ami •an swim like- ducks from casco to •n.sco. liat.s come under (he head of mammals and are wanted. In tin- •shind of .Miiidom Is a variety covered with fur and big as an umbrella. Once n awhile Hies,!' uncanny creatures gel nlo clvillxaiion. II Is said one once le-w Into die (lining room of a Manila lotcl at dinner lime and nearly drove ho guilts Into hysterics. There nro ailH that live on fruit bexldes these >f Mindoro which grow very large. H Is asked that, an eagle be Kent to he- Institution. There are eagles here ivhlcli dlirer but slightly from the •agios of the Hoe'ky mountains. There ire, plenty of them, some of the "bald" art'tiy anil others of tin. black head. There Is a family of pigeons wbicl. llstiugulidi thcmselvcK |, v (lut brlglu cd spots on their breasts. They up- it'iir as though they had been slabbed u the bream and their llfoblood was oozing out. Other birds aro the nulpo and tho plover, \ CAPT, 9LOCUM AND KRUGER. Yankee Rklpppr Telld of HI* Meeting (Ii* 'I'rminvnnl'n 1'rcRldceitt. In the January Century Captain Slocum tells of the Spray's arrival at Cape Town and of a visit to Pretoria, where he met President Krugcr, to whom he Bald ho was salting around the world. This statement Oom Paul flatly contra-' dieted. "1 traveled the country over from Simons Town to Pretoria, being accorded by the colonial government a free railroad pass over all the land. The trip from Cape Town to Klmber- ley, Johannesburg and Pretoria was a pleasant one. At the last named place I met Mr. Kruger, the Transvaal president. Ills excellency received me cordially enough, but my friend Jttdgo Beyers, the gentleman who presented me, by mentioning Incidentally that I was on a voyage around the world unwittingly gave great offense to the venerable statesman, which we both regretted deeply. "Mr. Krugcr corrected the Judge rather sharply, reminding him that tho world Is flat. 'You don't mean round the world,' said the president; 'It IB Impossible! You mean In the world. Impossible.' be said, 'Impossible!' nud not another word did he utter either to the Judge or me. The Judge looked nt me. and I looked at the Judge, who should have known his ground, so to speak, and Mr. Kruger glowered at us both. "My friend the judge seemed embarrassed. I was delighted, for In those days I was fond of fun. and the Incident pleased me more than anything else that could have happened. It was a nugget of information quarried out. of Oom Paul, some of whose,sayings are famous. Of the Knglish he said, 'They took first my coat and then my trousers.' lie also said, 'Dynamite Is the cornerstone of the South African Republic/ Only unthinking people call President Kruger dull." NEW WAY TO WASH GOLD. lion- AlKukn'N niack Sum] Mny He Mtule lo Yield Wealth. "There's millions of golel In black sand." said II. A. Frederick, a Seattle man of experience In the Klondike, according to the Denver Times, "and I believe I have hit, upon a plan to get it out. You know this black sand is about as heavy as the gold, and lu panning, as ordinarily done with cold water, the gold and the sand either go out of the pan together and are lost or they stay In the bottom and are of no more use than 1C they were lost. On a claim I had In the Yukon country we only got $32 out of the black sand for a whole season, and 1 knew that we were losing a whole lot and that there ought to be some way of getting at it. "So 1 experimented with hot water, which was not unusual, but I added some salt to it and found an Improvement. 1 took an iron bucket holding two gallons, tilled It about one-third full of sand, put in a double handful of salt, filled It with water aud set It on the fire to boll. As It boiled I stirred It, like you would stir apple butter or as we stir 'dog feed' in the Klondike, aud then poured it off into the pans. 1 don't know what effect the salt had, but. when i put a little e|iilck.silver Into tin- pans I'll be blamed if I didn't get every particle of gold there was. "Then 1 went at it on a large scale, and with the sand that was before practically valueless 1 got 52 ounces for one day's work by three men. This gold was worth about .filo, or, suy, $1(i an ounce. I'm golug to Cape Nome In the spring, where there are tons and tons of this black sand that cannot be or has not been worked, and I'm going to utilize the salt sea water and get rich. You see If I don't." FAMILY IN TANDEM. Nervonii Mother Tied Her Children t» u Hope In liolnu Tliroiiirli » City. Mrs. Marie Schwenck of Creston, la., accompanied by her seven children, passed through St. Louis recently en route to \Vlchltn Kails, Tex. Mrs. Schwenck had read of the perils of travels In a big city, so she provided herself with a rope 120 feet long and separate pieces of twine. Upon arriving at St. Louis she fastened one end of the rope to her waist and the other end to her largest child; then the binding twine was used to fasten the other children to the rope, says the New York Sun. Mother aud children attracted a great deal of attention as they crossed the platform In changing trains, the 1>0 feet of rope trailing behind the mother, with a youngster fastened to it every three feet. They got away safely. Hliiide« In (he Itlulit I'liice. At the conclusion of a recent meeting In London the chairman suggested that the meeting should pass n vole of sympathy with Mr. Cecil Uhodes In the peculiar position lie was occupying at the present moment, says The Westminster (ta/etie. Tin., resolution would be very acceptable to him, It was duly proposed ami carried, one shareholder. well known at city meetings for his unpremeditated remarks, startling tho ineeilug with the exclamation that Mr. /diodes was the right man In the right place. KM III I-M nud Indian*. WJiat (Jrt'iil Britain Im* most (o fear IH an uprising nf the- Katllrs against her, says the Philadelphia Public Ledger. News travels quickly Ihese days, and nn (unburst of African savages would certainly provoke Instant uneasl- In India. I'liuli iintl 1'iiH. Now that American locnmotlveH aro to bo sold io J'Yii/ice to handle tho truffle that the exposition will create It lu time to call off that boycott of tho Parla fair which commenced with Prey- fug.— FUtHbtirg Times. \ "*

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