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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1963 Editorials . . . What we think about.. .Chambers. . . Co.Home Ft-f-t . . . Doughnuts Krifivigoratiort Nrrclrrl Badly Two |->otcnti,illv competitive and at tlic s.inic time complement.!! v events developed in the arc.i rhur<.d.iv nijzht. I t'.ulci'.liip of the Greater Alton Association of Commerce desperately queried some of it* Iriends about ,1 prescription tor needed re-invigor.ition at the same time the \Vood River Township Clumber of Commerce w.is proposing formation of a countywidr industrial development commission. Topping the GAAC'< program for the List two years has been the itc'tn of industrial expansion—in A Iron if possible, but an}- place in the Alton-NVood River-Granite City area if that is where a desirable location can be found. And the GAAC has spent many hundreds of dollars in developing tools for the big job, only to be crippled by finances in mustering the manpower for it. Presumably the Wood River Chamber's proposal had the overall industrial attraction aim in mind. Actually Alton's large industrial sites arc so few the GAAC has been referring questions to property in nearby areas. All chambers have gradually approached a like status in their programs now. Emphasis Shifts What with shopping centers springing up like toadstools and the multiplicity of competition between these and existing trade areas, all commerce groups by this time must have realized the futility of basing a major part of their program on retail promotion. Vet for years this was the accepted foundation for chamber of commerce programs—so much so that now merchants look askance at the idea of paying dues to finance future profits rather than immediate sales. The type program now basic for chambers of commerce is community development — an activity which originally gained its incentive from desire of retailers to attain more and better payrolls in their communities. Now, however, this community development facet has become virtually an end in itself, since benefit for all can be realized from it. The entire Alton-Godfrey-Wood River-Foster complex now is virtually one with regard to the interests in community development. What can benefit Wood River can benefit Alton, whether it's attraction of more payrolls, improvement of schools, or building better highways. Much of the old program portion that required intensive self-centcredness on individual communities, such as sewer building, city planning, and street lighting improvements, have been accomplished under previous programs. Cooperation Indicated Now it appears, our chambers could do well by joining their efforts. Industrial attraction is one important feature—it could be the one toward which the others arc leading. For modern industries like best to settle in modern communities. Functionally, then, it would appear the chambers could accomplish more, and do it less expensively per member, or more effectively by so organizing that they would have a joint or combined financial resources, artd fully coordinated professional staffs. Their principal supporters, the industries and utilities, would certainly appreciate such a move, in view of the number of competitive solicitations they must face annually. These might even respond with better overall support for the joint effort. One reason for desirability of the broader industrial commission is that it meets this need for united effort. Yet the same effect could be gained, with far more versatility in treating other problems, by a com- bined approach to the entir* chamber 6f commerce program. An extra level of organization to be financed thus would be avoided. All our chambers are sick. They need some invigorating move. We think it's time to break down the walls between them, reorganize, no matter under what name, or what leadership. We dare not take a chance on losing their purported leadership. Joint Buying Possible? It is rare that the County Nursing Home breaks into the front pages, Even more than the County Sanatorium it usually becomes the forgotten institution. At one time the situation in county homes was such that folks didn't even want to think of them. Now the Nursing Home is maintained on a different scale, thanks to requirements of state and federal branches of the government and programs sponsored by them. But it still remains the forgotten institution. So it's unusual to find it on page 1 as Madison County's has been this week, thanks to resignation of its director. The issues in the case can be controversial. Just how much authority does a legislative body grant to its branches? tt can vary. A final decision may to be reached after exhaustive inquiry into practice* elsewhere and adaptation here. We note, however, a possibility that the board should retain control over some buying, or channel it into a joint effort where similar purchasing is being done by other county institutions. We can see, for instance, possible savings by joint purchasing for the Home and the County Sanatorium. This factor, too, should be considered. (Dough)nuts to Them! And lo, the lowly doughnut may lead them all as an international goodwill and trade builder! Washington authorities have announced that the doughnut is proving a popular item in such places at Ceylon, Pakistan, Cambodia, and Singapore. The doughnut machine has become a key attraction at fairs, with the result that United States wheat for making the holey critters has been in increasing demand. The doughnut, frequently a lifesaver to a hungry man in the morning, may also rescue our gold balance and our grain surpluses, PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor. Readers Forum Alton City Square-1890 He's Out Again Drew Pearson Without doubt some persons can supplement my article with their own memories of the last century, but my present subject will be the old Qty Square. Here was the stately city hall building. This three - stoiy structure, as I visualize It now, had a main entrance facing north, with one side opening lo a wide stairway to the second floor. On the east side of the stairway was the office of the police department with City Marshal Kuhn and Patrolmen Ben Allen and James (Jim) Pack. On the west side was the office of the police magistrate. The balance of the first floor was occupied by the United States Post Office which had an entrance on the west side. This was before free delivery service began. On the second floor was the council chamber and City Court space. I admired the stately walk of Judge Dunnegan, attired always in black clothing. I was a juror later in Judge Yager's court. Leaving the second floor to go to the third was a narrow stairway on the east side and one on the west side. There was no elevator. The third story had a dance floor and stage. The first show I saw, as a boy, was on that third floor. It was "She Could Not Marry." The city hall's basement was used as a calaboose. In those days Alton had a levee from Piasa to State street, with three packet sheds for our different boat lines. At Eagle Packet Capt. Hill, at Diamond Capt. Sargent, and at Bluff Line a Mr. Ferguson presided. Wednesday and Saturday evenings were busy nights. As boats along the levee took on merchandise. In one boat incident I was frightened when a man in a skiff rowed into the waves of an excursion steamer the stern wheeler Annie P. Silvers. Another excursion steamer out of St. Louis stopping at our levee was the City of Providence. Above Alton the boats landed at Riverside Park in Missouri, about where Merrill's dock is now. The C. &• A. railroad passenger depot in my early days was really a melting pot in which to meet acquaintances at train times, and our newspaper reporters could sometimes get as much as two columns of personals there. I had the good fortune at the time to have someonp stake me to a YMCA membership. The "Y" was in the Sentinel - Democrat building at Second and Plasa. These were the days of the dusty, muddy streets ;ind stepping stones and Ki's lamp posts. The city had I wo I elephone companies, the Kinloch and the Bell. Yet not ninny homes had telephones. Whore I was employed the Kinloch number was 13 and the Bell, V2. These phones hung on the wall and to get the operator you rang the attached bell. Getting back to the river with its wing dikes and sandbars before it was converted to a lake . . . the Ferryboat Altonian was operated by Capt. Starr, a friendly man. Besides seeing that the Missouri Point farmers could spend their money in Alton, he also helped folks here to get to the Sunday school picnics at Hop Hollow and Portage Des Sioux. WILLIAM H. GISSAL 2612 Judson The Cost Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary defines appeasement: "signifying a sacrifice of moral principle in order to avert aggression; as an attempt to appease the Nazi rulers was made at Munich in 1938." (and, in my opinion, as an attempt to ap^ pease the Communist ruler was made at Moscow in 1963.) President Kennedy wrote a book, "Why England Slept", about England's complete unpre- paredness in armaments, saying "Munich was to be the price she had to pay lor this year of grace", because "unwillingness to face the facts was not confined to the people alone — the government too was not fully aware of the danger." Remember. Munich was hailed as "Peace in our time," and "Peace with honor." In his conclusion, the President states, "Any person will awaken when the house is burning down. What we need is an armed guard that will awaken when the fire first starts, or, better yet, one that will not permit a fire to start at all." Is the appeasement policy we have followed and the Moscow test ban treaty our Munich? Where is our armed guard? As we were forewarned by a Japanese war plan book turned over to our government before Pearl Harbor, outlining diplomatic and military procedures that later took place, so have we been forewarned by a Communist book, called, "Soviet Military Strategy" published by the Soviet Ministry of Defense in Sept. 1962. It calls for a "preparatory per- Today's Prayer Our heavenly Father, as the autumn season calls millions to various forms of education, wilt Tliou give special guidance t o those organizations and institutions which stress the Christian faith. Grant spiritual enrichment through Sabbath schools, youth groups, men's leadership women's work, and many others. Help us to realize that living the gospel day by day in ordinary relations may be more important than even religious organizations. M a y humble Christian witnessing strengthen the moral tone of our whole society, we ask in the all- prevailing name of Jesus. Amen. —James Ross McCain, Decatur, Ga., president-emeritus, Agnes Scott College. (ig> 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.) iod" to organize the defeat of the enemy. This Red blueprint for war can be scoffed at, as was "Mefn Kampf," the Japanese war plan book, and the Communist Manifesto, if we are willing to pay the same prices we paid for smiling our fears away on these other plans of the "madmen". As our President said, the treaty is but "the first step". The first step to what? Our armed guard is being put to sleep, just when the "fire" is getting a good blaze started in our house. We know what it cost England to sleep after the Munich tranquilizer. Will our Moscow tranquilizer cost Americans as much? FELICIA R. GOEKEN 2828 Brown Owed to Mohawks I hadn't realized how much the New York skyline owed to the Mohawk Indians, who are almost totally lacking in fear of heights. More than 1,000 from reservations in Canada and Upper New York state now live in Brooklyn. Nearly all the men and youths earn a fulltime living hundreds of feet above the ground. Traditional languages are saved for ceremony, but tribal feeling remains strong, and most Mohawks return to their reservations for their vacations. Mohawks became acquainted with the industrial age in 1886, when a bridge across the St. Lawrence River was started in Canada. Soon they were swarming over the narrow beams, learning how to rivet. Manhattan's building boom in the 1920's offered well paid work in skyscraper construction. Mohawks began to drift down to settle across the river from Manhattan. No one knows why the Mohawks take so eagerly to this type of work. However, freedom from the fear of heights is a characteristic of many North American Indians. Wherever their courage comes from, Mohawks have helped change the fate of New York City. The United Nations secretariat and Rockefeller Center are just two of the multi-storied projects on which Mohawks work. The job that took them highest —1,472 feet—was the TV tower on the Empire State Building. HELEN JOESTING 1616 Greenwood St. Other Jobs too 1 wonder why the Negroes at their recent rally in Alton did not mention such jobs as cab drivers, waitresses, bartenders, telephone linemen, bus drivers, and truck drivers? The big rally in Alton proved one thing for .sure. Tho Negroes want more jobs than they have people for. But we suppose they will bring more up north from the deep South so they can fill their quota. FRED J. MILLER Rte. I Jerseyville STAR. Distributed by King Features Syndicate- Victor Riesel Vandals Slash 859 Phone Cables WASHINGTON, D. C. — For at least 50 days after some kerosene bombs went off on July 11, the area of Florida pivoting around Tampa resembled embattled Caracas, Venezuela, at dawn. There were fires. Men and women were manhandled. Noses were broken. Ribs were cracked. Masked men raided private property. Dynamite was planted. Shotguns were fired. A car was used as a weapon. Most, of the damage hit the the General Telephone Co. of Florida, and those of its em- ployes who worked during a strike called by an electricians local. The damage is estimated at one million dollars. That walkout of Local 824, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers began on July 11. There is no link between the union headquarters in Tampa and the violence— virtually unnoticed by the rest of the nation. Cables Slashed At least 858 cables were mysteriously slashed in those 50 days. This affected an Army SAGE communications unit — Semi Automatic Ground Environment which deals with missiles and complex aircraft systems. At one point or another hospitals were cut off; microwave towers were out of order; fire stations were affected. So were the Tampa International Airport, airlines, a TV station and a U.S. Weather Bureau station, as well as communications with ships in the Gulf of Mexico. In the first 50 days, 41 telephone poles were cut down or burned. At the climax of the disruption there were as many as 67,400 phones sitting useless in homes, and business offices. Long distance communications between seven cities were cut. Sometime on July 10, someone rigged the automatic dial switching equipment in most of the company's central offices. This mechanism in the various headquarters was set so that the dialing of a single number could have knocked out the entire system. Supervisors discovered the setup in time. But it was not all a mystery. At least 65 men were arrested on charges ranging from dynamiting to throwing eggs and liquid at employes. Two men were arrested and charged with plotting $100 contracts to do bodily harm to fifty company employes. That was on August 12. On July 20, two men were arrested in Tampa when they were caught in the act of cutting a cable. One of the men attempted to run down the arresting officer with a car. He was charged with assault with intent to kill. It was on July 30 that 35 local service cables were damaged. The Tampa - Zephyrhills cable was slashed. St. Joseph's Hospital phones were cut off for awhile. This was the day that the 67,400 phones were out of service. It was on August 5 that the most criminally destructive act of the 50 days was committed. Someone entered the Lakeland main office building and cut the cables completely through. At least 9,000 phones were knocked out in downtown Lakeland. This meant that the perpetrator had to slash 48 local service cables, seven of which were in the special cable vault of the building. This Is the Itecord This is the record. It is ugly at any time, but especially so when we clamor against similar attacks in other lands. When I asked Venezuelan authorites why they could not control vandalism in their country, they pointed to the violence in our own. (© 10C3, The Hall Syndicate. Inc.) Turk Leaders May Topple Military SAMSUN, TURKEY — If you cruise along the Black Sea coast of northern Turkey you see the huge round bubbles of American listening devices atop the hills. They are watching for Russian missiles. The Russians know this. It is no secret. All they have to do is sail along the international waters of the Black Sea and look up at the hills. It is here that you come face to face with the stark reality of American - Soviet competition; with the fact that these two powerful nations are spending a to tai of $100 billions annually on armament. It is here that you can also compare the possibilities of co-existence between the socialist-capitalist worlds. President Kennedy, in his American University speech, has pointed to the futility and danger of the military race and has launched on a policy of co-existence. Yesterday I reported that as between the Communist countries and our ally, Turkey, we were losing the race. However, there are also some favorable factors. First, some young new leaders, such as Ozer Turk, governor of Kuzadsi, who are trying to overcome the autocracy of the Turkish military. Second, the vigorous democracy in nearby Greece is encourag ing. Third and more fundamental, the communist countries have undergone a great change. They recognize this change themselves by no longer referring to themselves as Communists, but as Socialists. This is deliberate, and the description is accurate. For the tough, unrelenting Communism of Stalin's day is past, replaced by a liberal socialism and even a certain amount of free enterprise. The success of the Rumanian cooperatives, for instance, is partly due to incentive payments for higher farm production. The same incentive payments are being used in Soviet factories. This is capitalism, not Communism. Part of Rumania's building boom comes from bank loans and personal savings. Madison Avenue in .Moscow Furthermore, the Communists have now gone for a Madison Avenue type of selling. They have become indefatigable salesmen tor their bathing beaches, their tourist resorts and various beauty spots. This may seem routine to us, but it's a long way from the old days when Stalin let no one in or out of the tightly restricted Communist world. He was afraid to, for fear they might defect. The fact that this policy has been changed is, of course, a sign ol strength, hut it's also a step toward free enterprise. When 1 was in Sochi, the big resort city of the Black Sea, I was invited to speak on the Russian radio, and as far as I know, was the first American to do so. I had just talked to Khrushchev and offered to report on this on the radio. Those who interviewed t?ir were interested in Khrushchev, but they were more inter ested that I talk about the beauty of Sochi — "our town," they called it. After I had paid tribute to the beauty of Sochi, which I could do with justice, and also had reported on the Khrushchev interview, the radio interviewer said: "Now tell us some more about Sochi." N'eu Generation In brief, a new local pride and a new regionalism are developing in the once monolithic communist world. With them have come better education, more liberalism in the press, even critical letters to the editor, more challenging discussion in the universities, and a greater freedom to challenge government mis takes. The people who are leading this change are not going to holt the socialist system, and the junior partners of the Soviet-Rumania, Bulgaria, Hungary, et al — are not going to bolt away from Moscow. Yet they do stand up and talk back to Moscow. Both Rumania and Bulgaria won greater economic- concessions from Moscow recently by talking tough than Gov. George Wallace o f Alabama has won out of Washington by talking tough on political mutters. (£) 19M, Bell Syndicate, Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Member of: The Associated Press The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, 111. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mail in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery Is available. Local advertising rates and National advertising repre- contract Information on ap- sentatlve: The Bran ham plication at Telegraph busi- Company, New York, Chlca- ness office, 111 East Broad- go, Detroit, and St. Loula. way, Alton, Illinois. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago c? SKJ'T. 7, 1938 Alton Public School teachers were to be paid biweekly beginning in September under action of the school board. Previously they had received their salaries in leu monthly checks, one for each of the four-week "school months." Petitions were being circulated in (he county requesting an election on organization of a county forest preserve district. Passage of such legislation would mal<" possible development of Horseshoe Lake and other parks Into recreation areas under a Works Projects Administration grunt. Supervisor Frank Girurd of Alton was a member ol the specie*) committee lo investigati- the feasibility ol Mich a development. Two sets of sisters were patients in the same room at St. Josephte Hospital following births o|\ children. fr ** They were Mrs. William Volz, Mrs. Richard Deem, Mrs. Everett Jefferson, all mothers for the first time; and Mrs. Hubert Fairless, who had born her third child. Joseph S. McDonald, 78, veteran barber, marched in the Labor Day parade, from Sportsman's Park to downtown, and had begun to walk back to Upper Alton when he was given a "lift" by a motorist. The Rev. and Mrs. G. M. Gilchrist of Chili, and their lour children arrived here to visit with Mrs. Gilchrist's parents, the Rev. and Mrs, H. K. Sanborne. The Rev. Sanborne hud been pastor of the First Presbyterian Church for several years at (he turn of the century. After '12 yeans of commons service as commissioner lot C.'hmiteuu Island Levee and Drainage District, Louis BUWIKIT Mr., 77, resigned, lie was succeeded by his .sun, Louis, Jr. Two unusual boats iji Alton Lake were a 52-foot auxiliary two-masted schooner, the "Valador," destined for Houston, Tex., which was locked through, and a 57-foot pleasure yacht, which anchored upstream. Mrs. Myra Lee Rothe, infantile paralysis victim, was able to be out of her iron lung for two hours without oxygen. Judge D. H. Mudge attended a meeting of the East St. Louis Bur Association to hear discussion . on proposed legislation for redistrlcting downstate judicial circuits. The third judicial circuit, in which Madison County lay, hud the largest population of any in the state. 50 Years Ago SKFT. 7, 1I»13 Alton public schools were ready to reopen, and Supl. R. A. Haight expected enrollment to approximate that of the immediately previous school year despite a loss ol about li!0 tuition pupils. Pupils of former District 123, now part of Godfrey school district, were no longer to attend McKinley school on a tuition basis but were to attend their new Delmar school. The Irving school area hud been growing, and its school was expected to show a lurge enrollment increase, possibly more than 50. Judge J. E. Dunnegan was to convene the September term of city court, and impanel a grand jury. H. S. Baker was to be re-uppointed master-ln-chancery. Ben Winter's ball team, the Indians, disbanded. Some friction had developed between the players and the management during the latter purt of the playing season, and team members had turned in their uniforms. The Indians hud won the city championship. The largest electric motor in this part of the stale was put through a test operation at Alton Steel Co. It was rated at 1,300 horsepower, and, in conjunction with a 600 horsepower motor, was to operate the company's 10-inch mil]. Valentine Wolf, 53, prominent Alton contractor, dietf unexpectedly. He had collapsed from an apparent stroke of apoplexy while on the way to inspect the site of a large excavating contract he held with Wood River Drainage & Levee district. Orland Hemphill, Seventh ward alderman, announced that he would give up his trade as a glassblower, which he had followed for 20 years, and switch to some other line of work. W. M. Sauvage was to continue indefinitely as manager of Temple Theater, but without a lease from Odd Fellows Temple Association for any definite term. He hud booked Neil O'Brien's minstrels as the opening attraction of the new season. First electric power from Keokuk dam was scheduled to reach Alton, Sept. 10. Transmission was to begin us soon as some final connection of circuits at the Meppin substation was completed. William Pfeffer, manager of Alton Reduction Co., suffered serious burns from steam when a boiler at the company plant exploded.