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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 6,1963 The Tough One? Later The pieces were tailing into pl.u'c this week in Alton's lon.c-r.inpe state highway building phn. And it appc.jrcd the state was ready to gi> ,1)011.1: with expressed ilcsires to le.ive the more highly controversial parts of it till later, in hopes they wouldn't be necessary, or would be needed so badlv their would be little debate over them. Following strong urging by many factions in the city, the H. W. 1 ochner Co. survey plan calls for early completion of the Levee Bonn Bcltline along the riverfront, connecting with both the Me Adams Highway and shooting up ramps to Clark Bridge. Perhaps the most controversial feature of the overall plan, the interbclt expressway which would connect the bridge and the Berm Bcltline with the Godfrey Beltline and carry U.S. 67 traffic over A limited access road, will be delayed. We may have to wait until the public discussion before City Council and the City Planning Commission to learn just where the route runs. The delay in the interbclt expressway construction schedule may well turn out an ingenious device What we think about... Roads... Ministers' 'Guts'... Air Service to tiring to the fore groups which have failed to Mipport it publicly and force them to take a stand for quicker action than the H years' delay Mayor P. W. Day indicates the Lochner survey intended. Clergy Fights On Those who insist that ministers of the Gospel arc a bunch of wishy-washy frustrateds afraid to got down out of their pulpits and deal with life L.in resign themselves to some disillusionment, themselves. That group of Madison county ministers who h.ivc dedicated themselves to fighting plans for encroachments by the liquor trade on the county's regulations have certainly disproved the conception. This group now is ready to take up its persistent fight once more in County Board as reports have it tavern operators are girding themselves again— tins time with an anonymous Alton stooge, no less —to try and get longer operating hours. As we've pointed out before, and as the ministers point out now. there is even less reason currently to relax the hours than there was before, since St. Cl.iir county has cracked down on its tavern hours and revised them to conform with ours. We assume the big push by the tavern people has grown out of Sheriff Barney Fraundorf's insistent campaign to enforce them. The hours change push is therefore a tribute to the insistent effort of the sheriff. Do As I Say ... We've known college kids who looked with envy upon any of their number who had managed to catch a job as camp counsellor during the previous summer. We suspect these kids will now get some relief as they trek back to college for the fall. No more will they have to kowtow to the students who come boasting about their previous summer's experience and prestige. The camp counsellors are in an embarrassing bind, thanks to a report in the Archives of Environmental Health, published by the American Medical Association. An eight-week survey, according to Archives, indicates the counsellors led the campers they were supposed to counsel in the number of camp accidents. And, the report t,ocs on, one safety director warned a staff member of a hazardous but avoidable circumstances, then proceeded to get injured, himself, violating his own directions. Dog In the Manger Once more an airline is holding out a promise of direct service to the Alton area. Lincoln Airways, Inc. is asking for permission from the Illinois Commerce Commission to provide service through Illinois. Oddly enough, the very airline which wiggled out of serving Civic Memorial Airport—Ozark—now is opposing Lincoln's efforts to establish itself and provide service here. Lincoln, however is a completely new firm. No information about this became immediately available for publication. The situation deserves close investigation by city and civic authorities from communities throughout the area. Another 'Great Debate' Among the topics we nominate for the "great debates" of the future in Washington is the one keyed in by Admiral George W. Anderson, retired, now serving the country as ambassador to Portugal. For long Presidents have been blamed for allowing the military to dominate our departments of defense and its predecessors. From many sides came pressure to get .* strong civilian, with a civilian', relatively unpre,udu*d viewpoint into the picture. This became increasingly advisable, according to these proponents, when control of the military branches was supposed to become centralized, and achieve the better efficiency and greater economy thus made possible. Now Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara ha* insisted on making his job just that: Objective tnd from the civilian viewpoint. The military has quieted down and pretty much accepted McNamara's approach to his job after the set-to over our superspeed military plane project. But Adm. Anderson, as a retired man qualified to express the professional military viewpoint, u relatively free to do so. His appointment as ambassador to Portugal can be expected to improve his leverage rather than decrease it. A sudden request for resignation, for instance, might well upset the applecart and lead to broad innuendo that he had been given the appointment on his retirement to shut him up. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Americans Fail Themselves I can not help but wonder, whether we Americans are failing ourselves. It is disquieting to hear and read about a number of organizations and many individuals who believe themselves so wise that they feel justified in hurling dangerous and destructive accusations against their government and their leaders. It matters but little to them that our government is valiantly trying its best to protect the peace. The criticism just goes on like a brook, creating discord and discontentment far and wide. So we have the sad picture of many costly strikes that too often are anything but beneficial. Recent months have brought to our attention many racial demonstrations. How our enemies, the Communists, must gloat. They probably have high hopes that these misguided organizations and individuals will yell "wolf" once too often. Then the real wolves in sheeps' clothing and with honeyed words will rush in and take over. Such an David Lawrence Method of Applying Foreign Aid Wrong WASHINGTON — There's nothing wrong with the principle of foreign aid, but there is much that is wrong with the method of applying it. This is the real basis for the difference in Congress over the size of the appropriations to be made for economic aid to other countries. Everybody in the Free World presumably wants to see Communist imperialism thwarted. The granting of gifts or loans of American billions is supposed to be the way to win, if not "buy," allies. Maybe it is — but, unfortunately, some of the governments benefitted don't stay "bought," as they begin to flirt with the Communist side, and a form of blackmail emerges. This need not be regarded as a partisan question inside the United States. The same difficulties have confronted the administration in power here under presidents Truman and Eisenhower. That's why a comprehensive review and revision of American policy is in order. For certainly if the right policy were developed, a majority in Congress would quickly reflect the wishes of the American people and authorize a "go-ahead" at whatever cost seemed to be necessary to achieve the agreed - upon objectives. There has to be, first of all, a frank appraisal of what's been going on. What good, for instance, is it to give hundreds of millions of dollars to the "Alliance for Progress" when so many of the countries in Latin America insist on doing business with Castro? Why do some countries — like Mexico, for example — refuse to ban travel to and from Cuba as the United States does? How can the Washington government justify giving money to governments that still recognize the Castro regime and even mistakenly allow it to send in agents who carry on subversive activities? Same Criticism Applied The same criticism can be made of the American foreign- aid program with respect to countries like Yugoslavia, where Premier Khrushchev of the Soviet Union has lately been pictured in the press as hugging Marshal Tito. Or take a case like Vietnam, where American aid—military and economic — costs about a million dollars a day, but the ruling regime in that country is recalcitrant and uncooperative and openly assails American policies. The real weakness is the lack of a standard policy — a firm and positive position by the United States that is clearly set forth to the world. What should such a policy include? First, there is need to return to fundamental principles in international intercourse. Hit - or miss policies get nowhere and tend to confuse public opinion. Second, the existence of a "cold war" must be recognized as a fact. A government which seeks any form of aid from the United States must make up its mind which side it wants to be on. The foreign - aid program should be limited to allies or to those who wish to become associates or partners of the United States. There is no place for "neutralism" or "neutrals" in a "cold war" that has been started and carried OH persistently by international Communism. No better example of what happens has been afforded than the buildup of missile bases and weapons in Cuba by the Soviet government within the last two years. Third, the American people are willing to help allies and partners, but not those who play both sides against, each other in a xanie of blackmail. How can any country accept aid from the Soviet Union without becoming a potential enemy of the United States? This is really one of the dec-ply - rooted reasons for the growing resentment inside this country against the present foreign-aid program. Fourth, the policies of the United States must be aimed at winning alliances with peoples. If any people is unsuccessful for (lie time being in getting rid of governments that lean toward the Soviet Union, the natural course is for America to refrain from giving aid to that regime and to let the people know about it publicly though the "Voice of America" and otherwise by stating and act could topple our beautiful system of freedom and liberty. We must take heed before it will be too late. As we well know, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. No thinking person will ever deny the rights of colored people. What I cannot understand is why colored people who know the blessings of equal opportunities do not step forward and recognize them. Why don't they go to their people and explain, instead of demonstrating as they do? They should help build sturdy bridges of good will and understanding. Lack of job opportunities, poverty, sickness and delinquency are a disease of so called civilization. But one can not turn aside and blame the other fellow for his own shortcomings. All must do something about it and help correct the situation. The time is here, and levelheaded leaders must undertake to lead and advise those who are hot - headed and impulsive. Show them the error of their way. Teach them that hate and prejudice has no place in our democracy. If this is done, the rare gifts that are ours as American citizens will be protected, as they should be. So let us unite and be thankful for our possessions, the glory of liberty and freedom. MARY BLUM 1741 Rodgers Today's Prayer 0 Lord God, Who sent Jesus Christ into the world to make human joyfull, give us the inward grace this day to laugh. We thank Thee for all those who have and who cultivate the gift of making people laugh—the comedian, the clown, the cartoonist. We thank Thee for those with insight to see even in the midst of life's grimness, the absurdities of man. Give grace to the actor, the man who can tell a good joke, and the person who knows how to smile; in Jesus' name. Amen. —Russell S. Hutchison, New Concord, Ohio, professor of Bible and religion, Muskingum College. «£',' 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.) restating the principles of the whole foreign-aid program. Naturally, a good deal of discretion has to be vested in the executive branch of the government but only within the limits of the principles set forth by Congress. Government officials in the special agencies do try to administer the program conscientiously, but they are sometimes influenced by lack of correct information or by bad advice. Also, the decisions are not based on well - defined principles, b u t vary from day to day as expediency indicates. There does n o t seem to be a i-hart or compass to steer by. It's largely an invisible operation. It has been the same under preceding administrations. «£> 1963, N.Y. Herald-Tribune. Inc.) 'THE WAS THE CHINESE UANT is BETWEEN THE SOVIET UNION AND WEST «* GEORSE f. KENNAN Victor Riesel Reds Plan Strikes in Brazil WASHINGTON, D. C. — It can be revealed — and should be disclosed now — that American intelligence services have discovered the newest Communist strategy for speeding revolutionary activities in Brazil through a series of general strikes. One of these mass stoppages will be a crash maneuver to seize all control of unions handling gasoline and oil fuel supplies. Then the various Communist juntas will be in a position to paralyze that vast land. If the drive succeeds, the Communists will force the Brazilian government to include them in the cabinet. Even if it fails, the U.S. will lose millions of dollars now being pumped into the skidding Brazilian economy. When in Sao Paulo and Rio, I was briefed on this Communist strategy. I was alerted to watch for a series of strikes in the vital port of Santos, which I visited immediately. Those waterfront strikes on piers which must remain unclogged if Brazil is not to strangle have begun. In the past few weeks, these Communist - run stoppages have tied up 159 big freighters. The walkouts have cost Brazil, which is asking the U.S. for millions of dollars in quick aid, scores of millions of dollars. At one point last week 104 vessels carrying needed supplies and machinery to the "A.B.C." indus- trial belt around the huge city of Sao Paulo were idle and unloaded. Unless their holds are empty, they cannot take on Brazilian exports, including 40 per cent of its coffee. Ceased Operations The Santos - Jundiai Railway ceased operations. Trucks were idle. All transport of gasoline and fuel oil was immobilized. The Communist - controlled waterfront unions need no real cause for a strike. I have reports of a recent stoppage called by a flying squad fifteen minutes after the police arrested one stevedore for pilfering. The entire port of Santos went dead. In mid - August a dock strike was called because the shippers balked when the left - wing labor leaders demanded a 1962 Christmas bonus for their men. Fifty- five ships were tied up. The latest walkout was called in support of striking hospital workers. There will be other walkouts in this key port, upon which so much of South American prosperity depends — but which is so little known in the U.S. because it is so far off. In addition to Communist efforts to paralyze the Santos waterfront, the unions use these walkouts to pressure the n o n Communist gas and oil distribution workers' union. This is one of the few labor organizations still fighting the Moscow - Ha- vana - oriented labor federations. The pro - Communists control the gas and petroleum refineries which are owned by the Brazilian government corporation known as Petrobras. But the distributive facilities are still in private hands. The Communists are able to win influence in unions covering federal operations because powerful elements in the Brazilian government encourage and support them. But the private companies do not pressure the unions at their plants into permitting Communists to take over! So the Communists who now control tiie union of government oil workers plan a general strike in the refining fields. Plan Strike They expect to disrupt transport and production throughout Brazil so completely that they will be able to convince the government to yield to their demands —which will include the nationalization of the entire oil industry. This would cover gas and fuel oil distribution. Then the Communists, with the aid of the government, would simply merge both unions and control all movement as well as refining of petroleum products. The shipping strikes in Santos are part of the rehearsal and preparations for the general strike in the fuel industry. «£> 1963, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Allen-Scott Report Cubans Fooled Touring Students WASHINGTON — Those beatnik - type U.S. students who lol- lydahed around Cuba as guests of its Communist rulers somehow seem to have overlooked a number of glaring realities. In striking contrast to their parroted propaganda about the joys and achievements of the Red regime are the following grim and indisputable facts: After four years of despotic Communist rule, Cuba is winding up with a sugar crop considerably less than even the officially admitted record low output. Instead of the claimed 3,883,000 tons, the actual total is around 2.9 million tons. That is less than half the 6 million - plus tons average between 1957 and the Reds' domination; and more than 1.5 million tons less than last year's crop, which was one million tons under the previous year. Even on the basis of patently exaggerated official figures, the record shows an unbroken decline in sugar production since the Communists have been in control. The same is true of every other important Cuban export commodity. Tobacco, second after sugar, which brought Cuba around $58 million a year prior to Castro, is now netting less than half that. Similarly, citrus production is at a record low. Although Cuba is a tropical island, oranges are so scarce that a doctor's prescription and the approval of the local Committee of Defense are necessary to buy five at a high price. The once - flourishing mining industry is in an equally sad state. Nickel production is less than 40 per cent at the huge Nicaro plant, built at a cost of $100 million by the U.S. government and confiscated by Castro. The record is even worse at the Moa Bay Mining Company, with nickel and cobalt production running at less than 20 per cent. At Minus de Matahambre, Cuba's largest copper mine, output is virtually at a standstill owing to sabotage, mismanagement and neglect. Communist Boomerang The meager sugar crop, smallest in some 25 years, is stark Alien tragedy for the 6 million Cubans, and a serious blow to Russia and its European satellites. For the Cuban people living under iron - fisted Red. domination, the record low sugar crop is an economical disaster. It means even more hardships and privations than they already are experiencing; loss food, clothing, medicines, transportation and other essentials, coupled with more rationing and tougher and more ruthless controls. Russia and its satellites are pouring more than 51 million a day in economic aid alone into Cuba. Without these vital supplies. Castro and his Red masters would collapse in a matter of weeks. The whole economy of Cuba would come to a literal standstill. . Without Soviet - supplied oil, every wheel in Cuban industry, transport and other mechanical equipment would grind to a halt within a few days. Oil is the only source of power in Cuba, and Russia is its principal source of supply. "Che" Guevara, hard-core Communist economic czar, has publicly admitted there are no oil or gasoline reserves, and that Cuba is completely dependent on the Soviet for this indispensable commodity. Heavy Cost of Aid Graphically illustrative of how dependent Cuba is on Russia, and the heavy cost of this aid to the latter are the following: 13 per cent of, all crude oil exported by Russia goes to Cuba. 40 per cent of all Russia's flour exports go to Cuba. 50 per cent of all Russia's condensed milk exports go to Cuba. 87 per cent of Russia's meat exports go to Cuba. Much of Czechoslovakia's economic difficulties are due to large-scale shipments of machinery and other supplies to Cuba. «D 1963, The Hall Syndicate. Inc.) A LTON E VENING T ELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Member of: The Associated Press <«^g|£tt> The Audit Bureau of Circulation Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery is available. National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. Local advertising rates and contract Information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago ~ SKI'TEMBER 0, 1038 Howard J. Wisehaupt, business analyst and lecturer, appearing here under the auspices of the Telegraph, advised his hearers: "If you want to know what's wrong With your business, ask the- women! Go out and ask why you're failing, what their next major purchase svill be. Women make up 73 per cent of the consumer public in the United Slates, and 99 per cent of their purchases aie for the homes." SI. Joseph's School of Nursint; sol a record with its 3J enrollment. An-a registrants were Miss Anna Marie Roberta, Jerse.v\iH<'; Miss Annes, Fleming; Shipinan; MiBS M.Vfa Phillips, Kast Alton; Miss Helen Simmons, Hartford; Mibs Mary Ann Hucbner, Brighton; and Miw> Eugenia KJ&Kft, Miss Mary JIa/i&un, anil Edward FJU- yerald, Alton. Enos Campbell won the YMCA tennis championship by defeating Joe Sativagc, G-3, 7-5, 6-4 in the finals. Mrs. Mary Kli/abeth McBrien defeated Miss Betty Lessner in women's semi-finals and was to meet Miss Kate Stephenson in the finals. Miss Stephenson had defeated Mrs. Harriett Mines, 1937 champion, in the semi-finals playoff. Ned Cooper was injured in a fall as he was leaving Barnes Hospital, St. Louis, where he received surgical treatment. A sudden whiff of ether coming from a near- li.v operating room caused Cooper to collapse and strike Ins head against the marble floor. Tin. 1 enrollment of HU pupils in the Alton High School Hand posed a problem lor l|u> school, with inadequate space and insufficient instruments. Karl Brown, Slrccper Funeral Home bookkeeper, moved from Greenfield to L'717 Brown St., which had been vacated by Manuel Wiseman, moving to Sanford Ave. Allan Heskett telephoned his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Fred R. Heskett, that he and Matt Bretton's orchestra, with whom he had been appearing in Colorado, were trapped by floods there. The men were safe, but most of them had lost their instruments. Wood River City Council voted to limit the number of liquor licenses to 17. Miss Betty Hickey was elected president of the Louise de Marillac Society of St. Joseph's Hospital. 50 Years Ago SUl'TUMUKU li, 1013 Madison County teachers were told by County Supt. J. U. U/zell that the :>-duy institute, held in Alton high school, had been the most successful in the history of the county. Enrollment of 564 was the highest ol any county in Illinois with exception of Cook. One ol the closing ac- tions of the teachers was to endorse medical inspection of pupils such as was now proposed in Alton. Foster Township Hard Roads Association was to give a dunce at Tolle's Grove in Godfrey Township to raise money for fall and winter road surfacing projects. The Rev. Curtis W. Reese, new minister of Unitarian Church, arrived to begin his pastorate here, He was to be joined by Mrs. Reese in about two weeks. Size of the concrete blocks In the cemetery walk at Bethalto was being reduced as the sidewalk neared completion. Names of contributors to the sidewalk fund were inscribed in the blocks. Now that the walk was almost finished, it was found there were more donors than the required number of 40-inch blocks. To bring the count out even, dimensions of the last group of blocks were being reduced. Two of the best known Northside glassblowers, Fred Noblitt and Ig Walters, left lor E. St. Louis when they were to blow bottle* for another MOMO. William Miller, Washington Avenue blacksmith, Installed a new machine for shrinking wagon tires. Resetting vehicle tires had become a big business with blacksmiths due to the protracted drouth. Some teamsters had found it necessary to have their wagon tires reset three times within the last two months. Miller bought equipment that would speed handling the tire jobs. Bertram Elfgen Sr., 69, who during his adult lifetime had filled every elective office in the former village of North Alton, succumbed to a heart ailment. The Rev. J. M. Rohde was closing his pastorate at the German Methodist Church, having been assigned to the Mascoutah church. He was to be replaced here by the Rev. B'. H. Austermann. A sneuk thief carried off a pair of trousers of John W. Cassella from the office of Alton Carriage & Horse- shoeing and thereby got a gold stop-watch Caesella had left in one ol the pockets.