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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5,1963 So Much to So Many You can't pull that old one jbout owing so much to so few when you're talking about United Fund campaign workers. The fund will need lots of them before the forthcoming drive begins, if the principle of the organization — spreading the big job among many — is to be maintained. Now is the stage of organization work where the actual solicitation teams are being put together. Without them, the community cannot repeat the great performance of topping its goal which we achieved last November. And the community does want to repeat. We feel sure of that. One of the things the community's leaders and potential leaders must keep in mind is this: The United Fund not only puts all giving into one gift; it wraps all the work of campaigning into one job. Suppose you are one who worked on countless drives for funds in years before United. Now you work for one. Then suppose you did work for United last year What we think about... 'So Few'... Chiselers... More Left Turns —and the year before. If it weren't for the Fund, you'd be getting invited through the ye.ir to work on at least half a dozen other campaigns now joined in thi- Fund. And you'd be sure to succumb at least once; perhaps <ever,>,l times. The number of calls would be greater, too. Consider that before vovi s.<\ "No to the team captain ^ ho invites you to help. You could work KVERY year on the fund drive without overdoing it. For the Fund attempts to reduce each individual's effort to a minimum — perhaps only five calls. By spreading its base, it can achieve the final success. Suppose you've never worked on such a campaign before; you're new at the game; you're afraid of rejection. Here is one of the most rewarding — if sometimes baffling — experiences you can have. It's time to begin taking a chance, too, on experiencing the exhilaration of having succeeded in such an effort. All the plans the United Fund board and its committees can draw, all the skilled promotion it can do, all the fine work its agencies can perform in the community soon will hinge on the yesses and no's ot people invited to work on this campaign. Chiselers Find a Way Proponents of legalized bingo games and state or national <weepst.ikes must be suffering some embarrassment as they view the latest grand jury indictment of 1 S arrested at Sportsmen's Park race track. Chicago and accused of illegal bookmaking. Here, right under the direct competition of "legal" pari-mutuel betting, where the payoff is assured if it's won. illegal bookmakers find their business nevertheless profitable, and persist in their operation. The folks who insist that legalizing these operations as an approach to eliminating their illegal practice simply fail to recognize metal makeup of folks who now are making it difficult to keep the laws enforced. They arc people who would find a way to chisel no matter how far the standards of public law retreated in their favor. If the nation or the state legalized any form of gambling, these ingenious folks would find a way to cheat on the legalized versions and probably make more money than thc> make breaking the current laws. They can always push the line of the main decency farther back. Keep It Moving That left turn off College avenue onto Rock Spring Drive for westbound traffic came up for discussion Wednesday. But a drive past the high school as the traffic moved in there at full blast Wednesday morning brought to mind another need in the same area. The city should make a serious study, with school authorities, of the traffic pattern generated by the high school parking lot. Eastbound traffic is involved here along with westbound. And here, too, left turn lanes would be extremely helpful provided parking could be kept cleared from the curb on both sides. Eastbound traffic is often workbound traffic. If it i> given a chance to pass this complex smoothly and easily, it's likely to \y •• lot more safely driven the rest of the way. That could save lives and limbs farther along the road, beyond the high school campus as well as at the spot. Two Thought Stimulants Anv real decision bv the Citv Council on our fire protection program must examination of the report National Board of Fire Underwriters. The inspectors had a "whirlwmd" look * Me While the inspectors shied away from answering the main question Mayor P. W. Day had waiting for them _ W here to relocate No. 1 Hose House - thty left some stimulating suggestions behind them. One was adoption of a fire code; th* Other creation of a fire inspector's post. At least the Council will not need to twart M- ceipt of the report to start a long-range exploration <rf these two ideas and their applciation here. Ultimate in Inconsistency The ultimate in inconsidency within our observation lately has been achieved by Alabama Governor George Wallace. _ To defend state's rights he sent his police into Tuskegee to violate community rights by closing public schools that apparently didn't need closing to prevent the violence he thus reminded local folb they should be fomenting over integration. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Where Negro Has a Chance ~ As a Negro and as an American I could not help feeling a surge of agreement with statements and aims expressed by the speakers at the NAACP rally at City Hall. Most of the accusations made by the speakers there we were, as most Negroes and whites know, true. Yet one statement attributed to Attorney Williams is unfounded and quite inaccurate. Those industries and businesses which discriminate should, of course, be exposed. In some of the industries mentioned, if a vacancy arises in a certain position, any employe who has at least 90 days sen-ice may bid for the post. From personal experience, for example. I bid for a position as an adjuster trainee recently. As far as I knosv. I wasn't the only employe seeking that specific job, and the applicants included several white workers. I obtained the position not because I was a Negro or for any reason regarding race, but simply because I was qualified. Does that sound like discrimination? I am perplexed that firms which have overcome bias and discrimination in hiring are subject to criticism. I spoke of Olin- David Laivrence Crime Rate High fPK^^ss**'* f- TTC 1 /^ ••! \ At In IJ.s. Capital jyi^*«f«ff-£| i WASHINGTON — Just three days before the "March on Washington" — which was widely praised as "orderty" — the people of the city of Washington read of the inuurder of Newell W. Ellison Jr., son of a prominent attorney. Nobody knew then who had com-, mitted the crime. All that was known was that the young man was robbed and killed while walking his dog at night near his home. An automobile was heard speeding away from the scene. This tragic occurrence shocked the community. It depressed everybody who knew the brilliant young man. He was a graduate of Princeton, had done postgraduate work at Yale, and was writing his thesis for a doctorate. Now it turns out young Ellison was shot down by five young Negroes, armed with two pistols, who were cruising about in a stolen automobile, looking for victims to rob. The episode points to the plight of the people in the national capital, who see plenty of troops and battalions of police mobilized to take care of a parade, and wonder why the lives of people in the community are not similarly protected day in and day out. Officials figures show that the city of Washington has the largest number of aggravated assaults per capita of any city in the country. Suspect Confesses It so happens that the suspects were apprehended when four of them — again in a stolen car — had been chased by police after going through a red light. One of their number thought they were being pursued for the murder of young Ellison and promptly confessed. All of the suspects have criminal records, which now have been revealed. One had been arrested six times since early 1962 on charges including housebreaking, unlawful entry, petty larceny, possession of a prohibited weapon (kni/e) and on three counts of assault with a deadly weapon, in one of which the victim was bitten. Another of the Negroes has a record of four charges of assault, a purse- snatching, housebreaking, unlawful entry and two counts of destroying movable property, on one of which he was in jail when he was charged with homicide in the killing of young Ellison. A third Negro, according to the records, had been charged with tampering with an auto in 1961 and had been arrested also on a charge of disorderly conduct. The previous police records of the other two were not disclosed. They are under 18 years of age, and there's a question as to what will be done to them because they are "juveniles." Much Debated This is a much-debated subject here and elsewhere, because a good deal of leniency is shown to "juveniles." Judge Robert Gardner of the Superior Court of Orange County in California, wrote an article in the August 1963 issue of the "FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin," in which he pointed out the tendency of juvenile courts to put the "sophisticated young criminals" in the same category as juveniles who are "dependent or neglected" children, he added: "It is submitted that treating such an offender as a misunderstood child merely because of the short time which has elapsed between birth and crime is completely unrealistic. It is an incontrovertible fact that chronological age is no indication of the experience factor. Handling all persons under 18 years of age as naughty children is ridiculous." The crime wave in America is emphasized again and again in the reports by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Some startling figures have been published. (Z 1963 N.Y. Herald-Tribune. Inc.) Forum Writers JNote Writer's names and addresses must be published with letters to the Readers Forum. Letters must b« concise (preferably not over 150 words). All are subject to condensation. Mathieson. For I could not help feeling that this firm had been injustly attacked when it was asked by Attorney Williams "Why doesn't Olin hire qualified lathe operators?" First, as an employe of Olin I haven't seen too many lathes in the plant. And I'm quite sure that many of the Negro, as well as the white employes of Olin will verify the fact that ability is the only criterion for advancement. How many plants have Negro group leaders (comparable with foremen)? How many have apprentice programs open to all? Yes, we have Negro apprentices. In most area plants a Negro starts in a labor grade job and remains. Not at Olin. Our union, the Machines!, does not practice discrimination. Therefore I feel Mr. Williams owes an apology to the many Negroes employed by Ofin. I'm sure if he had made a closer examination, he would not have made such a statement. DONALD R. MORRIS 2607 Main St. Bind Them Down When the President has such power over the average citizen, I think it would be well to remember what Thomas Jefferson said: "It would be a dangerous delusion if our confidence in the men of our choice should silence our fears for the safety of our rights. "Confidence is everywhere the parent of despotism. Free government is founded on jealousy, not in confidence. It is jealousy and not confidence which prescribes limited constitutions to bind down those whom we are oblidged to trust with power. "Our Constitution has accordingly fixed the limits to which, and no further, our confidence will go. In questions of power, then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution." DONALD PIGG, 2810 Residence Today's Prayer I guess compromise is essential, dear God and Father, unless I want to be stubborn. I cannot always be infallibly right along with the millions of other "little kings." I know I must give a little to enable another to give a little and to reach some middle position both can agree on. Keep me from both the radical right and the radical left. Never let me compromise with truth or principle, but help me to express that truth or that principle so as to be understood and to make it acceptable at the highest place of agreement. Help me to yield my pet ideas in order to find a good solution; in Christ's name. Amen. —James W. Kennedy, N.Y.C., rector, The Church of the Ascension. <£ 1963 by the Division of Christian Education. National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.) •T WOfcklS WONDERS I Victor Riesel Syndicates Get in Locals WASHINGTON, D. C. — Before the month is out the public may know, for the first time, exactly where one of the eight or ten criminal syndicates has cut into the labor movement. Most of this organized criminal invasion is into locals — for it is the small headquarters which the mob uses as a base for shakedowns, gambling and power to threaten legitimate labor leaders. This news may begin breaking on Sept. 16, the day' on which Senator McClellan now plans to put "the canary," Joe Valachi, on the witness stand to "sing" in the open. The senator, who now has twice postponed the opening from Sept. 3, will keep the Mafia man on the stand 10 days at least. This hearing has been a long time coming. Basic probes began a year ago when McClellan's Operations Committee sent two of its investigators around the world. Their assignment was to search out the source of the international narcotics supplies. They returned believing that much of the global trade was inspired and organized by Communist China in an effort to get hard American currency for foreign exchange with which to pay its massive import bills. Just Valuchi Talks as the McClellan staff was preparing to open its narcotics hearings on the links between international ' Communist agents and national crime syndicates in the U.S., Joe Valachi began talking to federal agents. Valachi was able to put together "the pieces" of Eastern narcotics and gambling going back 20 years from 1959. Of the scores of names he "sang" about, there were at least four who have been in the labor rackets. One has been in prison. The other has a rendezvous with a federal jail cell. But they are at the bottom and don't make policy. Two others are described by Valachi as top men in the national crime syndicate coalition. These are Carlo Gambino of New York and a mystery man of New England. Both have connections in the labor field. Gambino, a member of the so - called grand council of the Eastern crime syndicate, is linked with the heads of other syndicates across the land. He is described as a labor relations consultant. He gets around. His influence is strong on the waterfront, in the construction field and in a score of other business areas. Typical Contact Typical of his contacts is one of his associates at the Apalachin crime convention "cookout" on Nov. 14, 1957, Gambino's col- league and fellow delegate was Rosario Mancuso. The latter moved about quite a bit in some not very aromatic areas of the waterfront. In 1953 he became president of the Hod Carriers' Local 186. This union, with headquarters in Plattsburgh, N. Y., had jurisdiction over many workers at the huge Strategic Air Command construction project there. According to earlier McClellan Senate Committee testimony, Mancuso used his post as a cover for liquor and gambling activities. -When he was asked just how he became president, he took the fifth. That question has never been answered. The authorities are still interested. However, years later the rank- and-file helped oust him. Gambino is also known to the authorities as the protector of many do - it - yourself unions. These are the self-chartered ones. 500 in New York There are some 500 in New York State and many hundreds more throughout the U.S. In all, a recent survey revealed, there are about 1100 big ones considered the front for the mobs. Many of these unions operate in the suburbs of the big cities. (C 1963, The Hall Syndicate. Inc.) Allen-Scott Report Pakistan Knows How to Get Aid By ROBERT S. ALLEN ' and PAUL SCOTT WASHINGTON — Foreign countries desirous of being cut in on U.S. aid will find it very useful to study Pakistan's highly successful technique. It has proved extremely profitable — to the tune of more than $3 billion. Pakistan's effective formula is relatively simple and direct. It can be succinctly summed up as "treat 'em rough and make 'em like it." For Pakistan, this policy has been an unfailing "open sesame" to U.S. aid coffers. Although a member of the SEATO alliance, and the recipient of billions in military and economic aid from this country, Pakistan is busily establishing close commercial and military ties with Red China. The latest is an agreement on a civil air line between the two nations. The Kennedy administration has reacted with characteristic "vigah." Privately, it is pouring out more juicw economic aid to Pakistan, while publicly the Prf-si- dent rushed a personal repre- senative to appeal to President Ayub Khan. What this mission of Undersecretary of State George Ball is accomplishing, if anything, is not known. The odds are against any favorable results — for the U.S. For Pakistan, the pay - off already is under way in the form of a so-called "sale" of 100,000 tons (approximately 3.5 million bushels) of surplus wheat under Title I of Public Law 480. Under this provision, Pakistan pays for the grain with its own currency, which the U.S. in turn gives back to Pakistan in grants and loans for projects there. In effect, Title I transactions amount to give - aways. This is the latest of many Pakistan has gotten. Cost to U.S. taxpayers of this huge wheat shipment is more than $10 million. Of that total, some $2.4 million Is for shipping charges. The grain is being transported on the SS Manhattan, largest tanker in the world. Loaded at a Gulf port, the wheat is destined for the Pakistan port of Chalna- Chitting, where Liberty - sized vessels will lighter it ashore. Allen Scott The So billion in military and economic aid to Pakistan is only part of the story. Latest available official figures, including 1962, show Pakistan has received a total of $1.854 billion in economic aid. Of that, $1.062 billion was in grants, $79L- 5 million in long - term loans. The amount of military aid is classified. It can be definitely stated, however, that it is in excess of S2.5 billion. In addition to these immense sums, Pakistan also has received well over 51.5 billion in surplus commodities under the various titles of Public Law 480. Under Title I, between July 1, 1954, and December 31, 1962, Pakistan got surplus commodities that co&t U.S. taxpayers $1.497 billion. Included in this amount was $138.8 million for shipping charges. Under Title 2, 548.8 million in surplus commodities was shipped there as "emergency relief". This-was given wholly without charge. Under Title 3, another $36 million in free surplus commodities went to "voluntary relief agencies." That still isn't the last of the massive give - aways to Pakistan. In addition to the other handouts of various kinds, Pakistan has gotten $51 million in long- term loans from the .Export-Import Bank, and $61 million in what is labeled as "various other economic programs" — in a report of the Agency for International Development. These little-known facts are causing much concern in congressional quarters.. Representative Otto Passman, D-La., chairman of the House Appropriations Subcommittee in charge of the foreign aid budget, and long a militant advocate of slashing these funds to the bone, is determined to make the utmost of the Pakistan story to drastically prune the President's demand lor $4.5 billion. (© 1963, The Hall Syndicate. Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Member of: The Associated Press <tfjj^B> The Audit Bureau of Circulation Subscription price 40 cents weekly by currier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois arid Missouri; S18 in all other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office. 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago ~ SEPTEMBER 5, 1938 Workmen operating a pneumatic drill as they took advantage of the Labor Day holidays to perform some alterations on the first floor of the First National Bank Building, sel off a flood of rumors about trapped persons, bank robbers, and/or safecrackers. Some 1,500 marchers participated in the Labor Day parade and picnic in perfect September weather. Bentranscontinental races flier Bob Perlick, was forced down in a peaceful clover field, south of Wood River next to a herd of horses. He had steered purely by compass after his radio became inoperative. Perlick paid high praij* to Howard Hughes, from whom he liad acquired hi* craft, and who "had planes that could have WOP the ''ace hands down," but who did not enter because others would be at a disadvantage. Walter Brown, coach and boys' physical education teacher in District 104, resigned to become coach and social science instructor at the Hillsboro High School. Kid Irish, Alton featherweight fighter, won his first Australian fight by a knockout. Mike Eckhard won the City Caddy Championship golf tournament when he defeated Jesse Pace. Joseph J. Ursch, 60, former night captain of police, and a member of Alton Police force for 14 years, died in St. Anthony's Infirmary. Mrs. Thomas P. Dooling of Washington avenue was awakened by the crash of a window broken by flames at her home, and escaped. Two rooms of the building were destroyed. With Mrs. Dooling two roomers, Misses Freda and Minnie Heffron, she escaped. The home was one of Upper Alton's mansions, occupying the center of a tract bounded by Washington, Benbow, Main and Bloomfield streets. Miss Mary Margaret Quinn of Jerseyville had ac- cepted a position on the East. Alton-Wood River Community High School faculty, Ed Langford of the Brighton Eagles pitched a no-hit baseball game, defeating Edwardsville, 5 to 1. The steamboat season closed here with two excursions by the Streckfus line's Steamer Capitol. Mrs. Maxine Hendrickson of Alton was injured in an automobile collision near Chatham. 50 Years Ago SEPTEMBER 5. 1»13 Pay as you enter was to be the rule when 10 new street cars, now being completed, were put into use on the Alton carlines. The new cars liad been inspected in the shops in St. Louis by a party of Alton officials. They were found to be somewhat larger than those now in use here, and were to seat 36 passengers. Two of the cans were of the double truck variety, designed for use on the Alton lines which had steep grades and sharp turns. The show committee of Alton Poultry Association announced plans to admit school children free to the Poultry show tor one day as an educational gesture. Admission tickets were to be distributed to pupils at the schools. The public was invited to meet visiting school teachers at the band concert in Seminary Square, adjacent W the high school building where the county institute wa* In session. County Supt. J. U. UzzeJl had arranged that the Alton teachers serve as hostesses during a reception period. Speakers at the day's institute teutons included Mrs. Zillah Foster Stevens ol Alton who urged that nil women exercise the increased voting rights granted Illinois women by recent legislation. Work was started on detour tracks so that the BJuff Line and Illinois Terminal trains could be routed past the site of the bridges to be erected at the Wood river diversion channel. The bridge work was to be carried on before- the excavation for the straightened channel was made. Alton Steel Co. announced Sept. 15 as the date tor starting up its 10-inch mil] now being rushed to oompto- lion. Alton fire department had responded to an average of two calls a day in the past week, but had used ho*? lines only twice. Extinguishers instead of water had found effective, even in fighting gras» fires. John W. Morgan, new principal of the Wood High School, had moved hi* family from Clayton. HI a home on Summit irtrttt. He had been unable to fin£ < available dwelling In the rapidly growing village of River. Cu» Srx.-cring.er began hi* new dulte* a* night superintendent in the aufoni&ifc: liittwrk* at Illinois Glass &> plant.