Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on September 4, 1963 · Page 4
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

Alton, Illinois
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Wednesday, September 4, 1963
Page 4
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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4.1963 Braincells vs. Print Youngsters in the public schools and young people in college start over again this month in their annual contest of the brsincclls vs. the print in books. Actually this is where the competition lies, though •ome appear often to see the contest as one between themselves and their instructors. Unfortunately the quickest and easiest way to judge a student's facility in learning is to look at his tcholastic record, which primarily is set up to tell the Student how he's doing in the judgment of his in- Itructors, and to give him incentive. Actually what the student should be doing is improving himself. If the grades show improvement in the process, so much the better. Erasmus, the great European 16th century schol- tr, for instance, traveled all over the continent in tea re h of libraries to conquer and absorb—and in pur- luit of patrons to wine and dine him. We need, now, more than ever, to subscribe to the actual standards of learning rather than grades. Our students need more than they ever did before What we think about... Education... Sewer Fees... Left Turns to interest themselves in whst schooling does for their mental development rather than in the credits and the grades they get in prescribed courses. For the world shows us more plainly than ever the need for people possessing good mental development—the best possible. We are short, even nationwide, and certainly on a worldwide scale, of professional type people. We are short in medicine, perhaps in law, in engineering, in journalism, in education—in virtually any field you want to name requiring higher and extra years of learning and devotion to improving one's mind. Meanwhile the area of unemployment among the relatively unlearned is spreading, and causing greater cultural, political, and economic maladjustment. Now is the time when hundreds of youngsters will face the decision of whether to continue on in high school, or whether, having completed that, to go on through college. So great is the need for education, however, that even the usual bachelor's degree in college now is becoming a mere routine matter. An increasing percent- age of our students arc going on, earning further degrees, improving their mental equipment. Jn all fields requiring college educations there are not enough personnel to fill the demands. To those discouraged and tempted to drop out of school, we would urge: Think again. Try again. Work harder. Study harder. Keep on learning. We need more men and women with better minds to carry on this complicated thing we call civilization. Education is all a part of the world problem no matter how you look at it. Summer Sewer Slump The August collection of $24,894 in sewer use fees by the city marked a considerable slump under the $34,000 average for previous months. Apparently the slump reflected the vacation period when people were absent, and even those who had come back to be greeted by bills had little left from their travels. The city's financial standing, however, is involved in the payment of these fees. They are designated to pay for sewer construction and operation that i» much-needed by the community, and they can't be made lower with any degree of promise that the sewei bond issues could still be paid out. More Guidelines Needed That accident at College avenue and Rock Spring drive the other night points up a thought we've had every time we drive past the intersection. College is plenty wide at that point to accommodate a left turn lane, which should be marked in view of the arnuont of traffic passing there. Many drivers seeking to make a left turn going west, for instance, don't hug the center line closely enough to let those following them on a straight "through" course pass. Perhaps we motorists need some lines to help guide us here and there. The Buddhist Brotherhood It is encouraging to be informed by Washington spokesmen that other measures than abandonment of South Viet Nam are possible in case President %> Dinh Diem gets stubborn about out hit brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu. ... „ »L Even aside from its own subscription to the tenets of religious freedom,and the need to maintain su pport for them in the case of South. V«t Nam, the United States still has a need to uphold the Buddhists there. . ... „ It must deal with followers of this religion all over southeast and south Asia, particularly in' «P r »*»- ing India. It is a prevailing religion in Red China. Buddhism is a factor that could help make our efforts to hold the free world together jell. Desertion of it in the religion's hour of need for protection in little Viet Nam could provide a crack into which the Communists could once more insert their propaganda wedges. India currently is coming to see the light of need to make its stand against Communism as V. K. Krisna Mcnon is eclipsed and Prime Minister Nehru recognizes that Red Chinese deployment of a heavy military buildup on its north border means "they have something in mind." PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor. Readers Forum Weenie Roast Coming Up! 'As You See, Mr. President, We're Still Working on It!' I think that now I understand the "right to free associations." This term represents an interpretation of liberty which makes liberty the property of those who do not "like" to associate with assorted minorities, especially with Negroes. It adds freedom to the portion of the light man and restriction to the portion of the dark man. This is a very interesting "right" a cousin to the divine "right" of royalty. It is a "right" of might and chicsnery, subtle, useful. If I could get to be Boss, I might like to have such a "right" myself. I would just confiscate property, lop off heads, enslave infants till I was perfectly safe from interference and discomfort, and I expect I would die feeling I was God's favorite and wake up very surprised to find myself in hell. But the way things stand, with me in the middle of a democracy, surrounded by longheads, round- heads, squareheads, short and tall people, big-toothed and toothless people, light and dark people, imbeciles and geniuses, saints and sinners, I think I prefer a situation in which "rights" are determined on the universality of human attributes, needs, and frailty and substantiated by the law. If Mr. Murrell wants a "right" to free association, he can keep on the move. I imagine I will stay in this old red house till I'm an old lady with a cane to poke at my grandchildren when they slump. If colored folks move in next door, we'll have a weenie roast David Lawrence Race Marriage Laws Dlegal? WASHINGTON — A single news story on page 27 of the "New York Times" on Tuesday morning revealed — more than anything else could — what the "Marches on Washington" and the emotional pleas for non-discrimination as between the races really means to those Americans who see a difference between the ab- stact theory of "equal rights" and its practice in the everyday lite of the nation. For the fears of many white people that "intergration" in the public schools or at eating places or in apartment houses might lead to intermarriage of the races were confirmed by the news that the first Negro girl to enter and graduate from the University of Georgia has disclosed her marriage to a white southern student whom she met on the campus. The couple were secretly married in the spring of this year and are expecting a baby in December. They now have moved to New York City. The husband is quoted as saying that he first saw the young Negro girl in the fall of 196'2 at a coffee shop at the University. He said: "There was only one seat — across from Charlayne — and I sat there. We were seen together from then on around the school and in my car, but you couldn't really call it dating because there -is nothing much to do in Athens (the Georgia city in which the University is located)." The young wife is quoted as follows in telling of their life after they were secretly married: "We'd go to Atlanta together. At that time some of the theaters and restaurants had been integrated in Atlanta and the city was fairly sophisticated." 'End of the World' The husband quoted his father as having said after learning about the marriage: "This is the end of the world." The girl's family had no object- Ions to the marriage, though she did not tell them about it until after her graduation in June. The couple said they didn't hide the fact that they were dating and people in the college "assumed something was going on." From all accounts, each had a good background. The father of the girl is a lieutenant colonel in the army — a retired army chaplain — and the father of the boy is a manufacturer of chicken feed. Sometimes Prohibited Some states prohibit intermarriage of the races, and the Supreme Court of the United States has not yet declared these statutes invalid. Theoretically, based on recent decisions, the court has no choice but to declare such laws unconstitutional. Logically, there could be "demonstrations" against such laws, and these might at least serve the purpose of showing the difference between the concept of "equal rights" in the abstract and the actual exercise of such rights in family life. Not ijftany of those parents — white or Negro — who favor "equal rights" in theory would be happy to see their children intermarry. But the "sophisticated" theorists might argue that even this prejudice can be and will be overcome in time and that such interracial marriages will soon become commonplace and the barriers of public feeling will gradually be let down. Some of the professors of ethnology, among whom there has long been a dispute concerning the "I. Q." or intelligence quotient, of Negroes in comparison with whites, would have an opportunity to argue that mixing of the races will be helpful to the Negroes and that in due time the "intergra- tion" of the races will increase the capabilities of the Negroes to hold better jobs. Negroes with white blood, particularly abroad where there is less prejudice against intermarriage, are pointed out as having shown special capability in given fields. (O I'JKl N.V. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) and I'll invite Mr. Murrell to the party. That is, unless he's gone to live at the North Pole where even the bears are white. CASS LEIGHTY Brighton Down with the Wall When a lawyer of experience is asked by a client whether he should sign an agreement with a dishonest man who has already broken previous agreements, the. answer is obvious. Should the client still persist in his folly the lawyer should advise him to require performance of the broken promises before signing anything else. In the analogous case now before us, the Senate should defer any consideration of the test- man treaty until Russia performs or makes reparation for all of its broken promises, 50 in number. Pulling down the Berlin wall and permitting Berliners to pass freely from one part of their city to another, as required by the occupation treaty, would be a good start. After 50 such demonstrations of good faith we might allow the timid Americans to talk us into another treaty with the most criminal gang in history who have vowed our destruction. FRED J. MILLER Rte. 1, Jerseyville Fast Change If, as Francis X. Leighty says, the Supreme Court's most recent decision allows the use of the Bible in school rooms, I stand corrected. The great politically-appointed court, of course, often changes its decision from day to day. Which only goes to prove one point: How on earth does a man know what's the law? In recent years the Supreme Court has ruled for an atheist, for Communists and against prayer and against anti- Communists like Perez Jimenez who was sent back to face trial at the hands of his political enemies. The Supreme Court has quite a record. JOHN BOLAND Rural Rte. 3 Godfrey Today's Prayer O Thou Who art spirit, help us to worship Thee "in spirit and in truth." We would have more reality in our own religious convictions and experience and not take as substitutes any mere conformity and assent to institutions and fcrmularies, however valuable these may he. We long to experience Thy presence in our hearts and to have the assurance that in Thee "we live and move and have our being." May we seek to know the truth that can make us free. May we know the truth as it is in Jesus Christ. Amen. —John W. Shackford, Waynes- villc, N.C., retired Methodist minister. <(D I9U3 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S. A.) Distributed by King Features Syndicate Victor Riesel New Rail Featherbedding War CHICAGO — Here where the trains meet, reports are coming in from the East and West that a brand new featherbedding war on the railroads is beginning to pick up steam. Only a few insiders know anything about the coming battle which some day will make headlines matching those of the current struggle between the roads and the "ontrain" unions. But it is beginning to be discussed here, because Chicago is the home of the virtually unknown Railway Employes' Department, AFL-CIO. This is made up of the "off- train" railroad unions. Labor leaders in this Department have heard that the railways believe they can save some $200 million now being paid for what the roads call unnecessary featherbedding work in the roundhouses, in repair shops, in the yards, and in tiny rail stations still dotting the land. In all there are some 550,000 off-train employ- es. Rail executives say they have an excess of at least 50,000 men "doing unnecessary jobs." Lost 50,000 Workers This brings angered replies from the Railway Employes' Dept. people — whose followers include members of the boilermakers and blacksmiths, t h e carmen, who rebuild and rework cars in the rail shops, the electricians, the firemen and oilers, the sheet metal workers and the machinists. The latter union, the International Assn. of Machinists, points out that it already has lost 50,000 workers on the railroads since the end of the war. How? Old fashioned locomotives would require serving every 5,000 miles. The new Diesels need such care only every 100,000 miles. Furthermore many of these engines are sent back to the manufacturer for such treatment. Not only are the unions preparing to fight any cut in the work force, they are asking for an increase in wages and benefits. They want a 10 per cent raise across the board in addition to a 14 cents an hour increase. They want paid vacations of four weeks after 10 years and more holidays. Also a $6,000 life insurance policy instead of $4,000. Not the least of their demands is a bid for wage adjustments twice a year to match the increased cost of living. These demands have been rejected by the railroads. They don't quite relish paying out a considerable part of the money they will save as a result of the Doming arbitration of their marathon battle with the on-train unions in Washington. Strict Limits The companies want 10 trim o/f what they say are union restrictions which keep them from running the railroad machinery ef- ficiently. They cannot, for example, use an idle machinist who happens to have some free time around the yard, in the place of an electrician who happens not to be available at the moment. There is little interchange under old contracts. Nor is a machinist permitted to disconnect and repair some pipes That's the work of a pipe fitter. If any craftsman is used in another man's jurisdiction, both must be paid, even though one was not in the yard. Yet, for the most part this work must go to the off-train unions with which the lines have contracts and cannot be contracted out to building and construction firms — even if the latter can do the work cheaper. Railway executives here w i 11 give you many other examples. When the union men say that the companies' program would kill many jobs, the executives point to something called the "partnership program." It was started by the Railroad Retirement Board seven years ago. Under this plan all sides work together to find jobs for laid-olf rail workers. Since 1956 jobs were found for at least 213,400 idled railroad workers. Of these, 141,500 were replaced in railroad spots. Another 71,900 were placed in other industries. (fc 1963, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Drew Pearson Rumania Profits | By Soviet Errors BRAZOV, Rumania — Jon Gir- ceag must be a very patient man. He manages the big cooperative farm at Harman, just outside Brazov, where 760 families work on 5,000 acres. He is elected by the co-op members and he has held that job for 13 years. I 'talked to him, standing outside the huge barn where 100 cows are milked at a time. In a field nearby, a brand new red tractor, made in Rumania, was plowing. In another vast pasture, 1,000 cows were grazing. Girceag is a quiet, unpretentious man of about 50, dressed in a business suit, not the clothes of a peasant. I asked the question that has always intrigued me about a socialist co-op: "Who decides what crops you will plant?" "We get together in regular meetings and make those decis- sions. Everyone is entitled to express his opinion and in the end we don't have much trouble working out the program." "How do you admit members to the cooperative?" I asked. "By written application," Gir- ceag replied, "A cooperative is different from a state farm where the government owns the land and employs the workers. In the cooperative the workers contribute land or, if they do not have land, machinery or animals or their skill. We need skilled workers. After they have applied and stated what they can contribute, we hold a meeting and decide whether to let him join." "What does a member get in the way of pay?" "He gets both cash and kind," Girceag explained. "He gets 1,000 lei per month in cash (about $75), plus 10 pounds of potatoes, 150 grams of sugar, 15 pounds of hay for his stock per month, vegetables, cheese, and a garden plot of around one and two-thirds acres." The farm manager went on to explain that a member of the coop was permitted to keep his own cow and sheep, with food for them. He works around 10 hours a day in the? summer and around six hours a day in the winter, and men who produce more or work overtime get a bonus. Loafers Are Fired "What happens when a man refuses to work or loafs on the job?" "If he doesn't work he doesn't cat," was the answer. "He can be expelled. He wouldn't be expelled just because he doesn't come to work. But if he continues to do so or causes trouble he is expelled. We try to educate our people to the advantages of production. When they see others getting a lot, they work harder." Girceag said that schools were located on the cooperative and that schooling for eight years is compulsory for the children of the farmers. He also said that 280 new homes had been built by co-op members in the past three years. They are owned by t h e members, and can be sold or rented by them. Asked whether the cooperative system had been able to improve production, Girceag said that the Harman co-op had been able to increase the production of wheat in the past 10 to 15 years from 1,400 kilograms per acre to 3,000 per acre, and that milk production had increased from between 800 and 1,000 litres per cow annually to .3,000 litres per cow. The milking barn is a huge building with old fashioned stanchions and has tiot profited from the new milking parlor advances made by chore boy and other milking pioneers in the United States whereby a herd of 100 cows can be milked by one man in around two hours. This Rumanian cooperative had plenty of labor and was not interested in conserving manpower. For instance, the dairy herd of 1.000 cows was pastured in a field without fences, with two men leading the herd in front and two bringing up the rear. Less than fifty yards away was a field of green corn with no fence around it, and, though the pasturage was sparse where the cows were grazing, they made no effort to break away into the corn. "'-I those were my cows they would be in that corn in five minutes," I told one of the herdsmen. "These are Communist cows," he replied. "Yours are capitalistic. Yours are accustomed to raiding other people's property." «C> 1963. Bell Syndicate, Inc.) A LTON E VENING TELEGRAPH Publisfied Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Member of: The Associated Press <s$§f^t> The Audit Bureau of Circulation Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states, Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery is available. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois, National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. .* What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SKPTEMBEIf 4, 1938 Work on the Alby street sewer project had been halted, to await development from application for an additional federal grant- Less than half of the job, between Blair and Alby streets south to near 12th street, was completed when funds became exhausted. Workmen had struck a rock ledge, which required additional work and dynamiting, and raised the cost per foot from the estimated $1.40 to $5.50. A direct descendant of Daniel Boone, William Boon:: Woodring of Alton, became the first three-time consecutive winner of the national small-bore rifle championship. Hip BOOre was 1,593 out of a possible 1600. The begin- njnf field numbered more than 830 contestants. Woodring was also picked as a member of the American tearf which would lire against scores of 20-111,111 squads representing England, Australia, Canada, South Alrica, and India. The Carrollton Patriot issued its 75th anniversary edition. Most of the work of the 28-page paper was that of Charles Bradshaw, 81, editor. SS. Peter & Paul's school was preparing to start its 50th year. In its infancy the school was taught by Brothers of the Holy Cross of Notre Dame and Sisters 01 Ursuline Academy. Twelfth Street Presbyterian Church defeated Main Street Mothodists 9 lo 1 for the YMCA Church softball league title. The aldmnanic-citizcns committee drafted a resolution asking the City Council to consider calling a special election on a $200,000 bond issue to supplement the proposed $183,000 PWA grunt for a municipal auditorium. Congressman Scott W. Lucas of Havana and the Rev. W. A. Steinkraus of Jer.seyville ifyptist Church shared honors at a dinner at Tilden Hall Hotel, Bloomington, hosted by Fred Young, sports editor of the Bloomington newspaper, in a reunion of Illinois Wesleyan College ball team and Three-I League members. Four former Shurtleff netsters reached the city tournament semi-finals. Bramlett Swain defeated Dave Graves to meet Enos Campbell; Ralph Byron and Joe Sauvage, also former Pioneer tennis players, were paired in another match. 50 Years Ago SKl'TKMBKU 4, 1930 County Supt. J. U. Uzzell suggested lo teachers at the annual county institute that, in grading pupils on their school work, certain small credits be given for work the children did at home such as household tasks, yard or farm work. The plan should he applicable in school districts which had no manual training or domestic science instruction, he suggested, but was to be left tn the good judgment of teachers for its use. A total of 548 teachers were present to hear Uzzell's address, made at the third day of the institute in Alton high school. Dr. D. G. Ray of Shurtleff College lectured to the teachers in the afternoon. Photographer W. H. Wiseman made a group picture of the teachers during an intermission in the instructional course. Alton school board adopted a proposal that all pupils have a medical inspection at the outset of the new school year. The board was informed that a group of Alton doctors would carry out the initial inspection, without lees, to demonstrate its value. William Waters, resident of the stone residence at Godfrey, once the home of Benjamin Godfrey, founder of Monticello Seminary, had completed cataloguing his collection of 1,000 Indian-relics and aboriginal artifacts. He recently had acquired a fine collection of E. M. Bowman. E. H. Riehl had no autumn strawberries in prospect. The drought in Godfrey township had burned out the ever-bearing vines he had propagated, Piasa Chautauqua had closed a second highly sue- cessful season. Patronage of the assembly grounds had paid all expenses and, in addition, provided funds to retire $1,350 in floating debts and also interest to be due on the bonded debt. Jubilant directors were now planning to extend the annual program season from nine to 10 weeks. The big Chuutauqua spring had been unaffected by the summer drought. The pumping system had drawn off an 8-inch stream 12 hours a day all summer. The school board was negotiating for the purchase of two lots to enlarge the grounds about Gillham School on lower Main Street (now replaced by the Clara Barton schoool.)

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