PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1963 Editorials . . . What we think about... Labor...Negroe S ../HotLine\..NewShajte8 Labor Day and Equality Another Labor Day has come and gone. Established long ago to focus attention on the •working man and his organizations for self-betterment, this year's Labor Day throws the spotlight on him at a time when he faces perhaps his greatest challenge. Working through the years with management— Sometimes seemingly against it but always with it in behalf of a better economy and the improved welfare of all—labor now lias a broader and tougher problem than before suddenly confronting it. Or rather, labor is confronted with the problem with management by its side. For both must work together in its solution. Millions of darker-skinned citizens of the land have come to the conclusion that they, too, could be valuable parts of the nation's economy if given the chance. Some of these want only an even chance. But some of their spokesmen are also demanding, in effect, special concessions in return for the long years of repression. For years the Negro race tried the persuasive method; the approach through the courts. ' Some progress has been made. In fact, this phase of its efforts to advance established most of the foundation for the new phase into which the program has gone this year. Must Deal with Each Other Now the Negro has taken a leaf from the book of labor itself. It has modified labor's tactics to some extent. But the picketing, the boycotting, even the mass meetings and the demonstration marches arc all chapters from the story that has made organized labor .1 power in the United States. Only now the Negro movement has organi/.cd labor to deal with. For it is seeking to move into the labor organizations and obtain its share of working situations in a portion of our economy long dominated by the whites. As was the case, too, with labor's advance— and still is—the gains expected by the Negro at the pace he seeks to make them cannot be made without some dislocation, some friction, perhaps even some violence. To its credit the darker race has kept the violence to a minimum. And to its everlasting discredit the white race has been the direct cause of most that occurs though some of the Negroes actions make temper holding difficult. Labor, in the past, has not always obtained what it wanted when it demanded it, but it generally reached achievement when it tried long enough. We can conceive of the possibility that the organized Negro movement will not always attain full achievement at the time of its demands, cither. However, on this day following the anniversary of another national movement which has done the country much good we can hope the country will be awakened to not only the need but the outright desirability of the Negro's equality, and the freedoms ot association and opportunity that go with it. As a newspaper we probably will be criticized in some quarters for giving the space and prominence we did Saturday to depicting the Negroes' Friday afternoon demonstration on the City Hall steps. There are still some folks, among them a sur- prising number of our leaders, who think they can let the whole thing pass with a long, soft "Ho hum!"; who hold to the conclusion that the less is said, the better. We cannot agree. We think it is a dangerous approach. Can't Be Blinked at Whether you agree with the tactics; whether you even go along with the aims, there is no doubt this effort of the Negro for his equal place in the social and economic sun is a major event in the nation, and pcrhaps'in the world today. It can affect the world because it can have a bearing on our own ability to deal with the world. Newspapers all over the North have been criticized for frontpaging the events arising out of the integration efforts in the South, but growing strangely mute as the problem approached their own doorsteps. We refuse to be guilty of this. As a matter of fact, we frontpaged NAACP President Clayton Williams' proposal that we, ourselves, needed some Negro printers and reporters. We intend to discuss with him ways, means, and a schedule for getting them, and ways of helping train young Negroes to a remunerative, dignified trade and profession. We have been gaining increasing experience in the Negro employing field over the last 20 years, though at a sporadic rate. 'Hot Line' to Protect Another event, farther from home, also could reach down and touch firmly upon organized lajor and its families here. It was fitting that announcement should be made almost on the eve of Labor Day that the "hot line" between Washington and Moscow is open for business. The "hot line" can hardly be conceived as a cure- all. But it's much like the health insurance and accident insurance each individual carries. It costs money year by year. You hope you never have to use it. But when and if you need it, it comes in mighty handy. In both cases there's a percentage of chance you may end up very dead. We hope we, never have to test our assessment of percentages in favor of the possibility that this "hot line" could ward off a world nuclear war. We can hope it never gets that close again—though we should all be willing to risk it, if needed to retain that freedom for which labor has fought domestically over the years in its peacetime operations; for which the Negroes fight now; and for which both have fought side by side in wars of the past. Labor Day Changeover And while we're on the subject of Labor Day, we recognize we've marked off fall's beginning and the rebirth of activity after the summer vacation to do some remodelling of our newspaper's pages. You will find a new basic appearance of both this editorial page and the Family Feature page today. We've been planning these changes for months. Added to this page will be a news cartoon. We have long avoided the cartoon because we felt such a feature should always reflect our own opinion. In earlier years newspapers with their individual car- to0 ni, 5 have recognized the croon's alliance to the editorial column , U*lf. over _ even the *-h « been swinging away from .lc. ,««d new, comment colummsts whose 1C We luvc *^ to h™ two syndicated - product, placed at our 5erv.ce to g.ve dcr d ily selection, just as we have more com- columnii available than we use day by day. Cartoonists Like Columnists lu,t « these columnists do not necessarily re- fleet' our editorial policy, neither will the cartoon, ill UP lareelv to direct our readers' whose purpose will oe lar^ny « « en ion, in a more graphic manner toward the „. tuc, of the day, and stimulate thought, whether either they or we agree with the art.sts. Occasionally we are liable to find a cartoon that will lend itself to reference in the ed.tor.al column, itself, and in such a case mil not hes.tate to establish the liaison. We have seen many editorial pages. We have yet to note one which consistently adopts the pattern you will note in ours: Spreading the editorial column ..cross the top. We think that is where ,t belongs on every editorial page. Just the same, we don't intend to 'sponsor ..United State Constitutional amendment to require it. And note the signature— so our readers will know who is responsible for this column. It's a new swing some progressive newspapers arc makjng. PAUL S. COUSI.EY, Editor. Readers Forum Pinching In the Wrong Places Edward R. Morrow, whom we used to hear nearly every night, has not been heard on his newscasts for a couple of years. He took a cut in pay amounting to nearly a quarter million a year to run the operations of the Voice of America and the United States Information Service. When he appeared before Congress recently, he was refused an extra $3 million for his programs. There are more than a score of radio and television stations in Asia and Africa that are in need of programs. Mr. Murrovv wanted to give these stations the filmed David Lawrence March Started Bad Precedent WASHINGTON.—The whole story of the "March on Washington" hasn't as yet been written. Gradually it is filtering through. Did the Negroes really run the show? What part did the whites and the administration itself play in achieving an orderly demonstration and preventing the outbursts of violence that were generally feared? Some of the Negro leaders themselves have privately expressed dissatisfaction with their more militant spokesman. Thus far it is known only that some of the church leaders exercised a restraining hand. They even went so far, for' instance, as to censor a speech prepared by one of the Negro leaders that was regarded as "inflammatory." As given out in advance to the press, John Lewis, chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, had written: "We will not wait for the President, the Justice Department, nor Congress, but we will take matters into our hands and create a source of power outside of any national structure that could and would assure us a victory." Mr. Lewis also said in the original text: "We will march through the South, through the heart of Dixie, the way Sherman did." This was later changed to milder language, and there was no reference to Sherman's famous march with torch and flame across the South. More Marches Planned After last Wednesday's demonstration was over, Mr. Lewis announced that there would be new "marches" in southern cities, including Nashville, Tenn., Atlanta, Ga., and Durham, N. C, he said: "There will be a new type of militancy in these communities. . . . The march represents a beginning of a new phase in the struggle—really the turning point in the struggle. . . It Is really the beginning of the demonstrations. Hundreds of thousands of people will go back to their own communities and get united and put their bodies on the line." Many pointed utterances by Negro leaders, indicating that the "demonstrations" have just begun, have been widely circulated since last week's "march." Thus Floyld B. McKissick, national chairman of the Congress of Racial Equality, has said: "We've got to go back home and finish the job of the revolution. ... Our main weapon and the most effective weapon today is direct action." Many colored people in the South, to whom this mood of militancy is something strange, are beginning to worry over whether it will really improve their sutiation or make it worse. Force and attempts to intimidate never have accomplished what reason can achieve. The "Wall Street Journal," for example, the other day, after praising the orderliness of the "March" and its objectives, said: "Is a procedure so laden with potential violence, however worthy the goal, a good one to employ in the United States of America?. . . Many Grievances "So what now? Lots of individuals and groups have grievances, real, exaggerated or fancied. Shall there be a march on Washington whenever a nationwide union doesn't get exactly what it wants? Every time farmers have a bad year? "We know that precedents exist — the suffragettes, the bonus marchers — but that does not make the procedure a wise one. The very size and success of this week's outpouring establishes almost a new, and in our opinion, unsound, precedent. . . . "But there are ways and ways of seeking redress . . . This nation is based on representative government, not on government run by street mobs, disciplined or otherwise." (Cv 1963 N.Y, Herald-Tribune, Inc.) story of United States accomplishments. We have been greatly criticized for Little Rock and other problems and policies. We need to inform these new countries of our success in racial progress and give them the true picture of the American way of life. We also read that our government is having built 13 Gemini space capsules at a cost of about $35 million each. The entire cost of Project Apollo, putting an American on the moon, is estimated at $25 billion. The moon has been described by scientists as "a barren rock that is pockmarked with tens of millions of carters dug by colliding meteors and scarred b y mountains several miles high. There is no air, water, or living thing oh the moon. The days are unbearably hot and last for two earth weeks. The nights are as cold as 240 degrees below zero and as lopg as the days." The United States has also poured billions of dollars down the "dictator drain." We have given more than two billion to South Viet Nam on Diem's promise to rally the support of his people in favor of the free world. We have given the Duvalier govern-; ment over $60 million for Haitian aid. Others who have been receiving American generosity are Cuba and the Dominican Republic. The point I am trying to bring out is the spending of the different appropriations committees. I think the members of Congress are spending and pinching pennies on the wrong programs. HAROLD GAFFNEY, 1837 Ervay What a Jew Is Several articles in the Telegraph this past week referred to a "blind Jew" who was a guest speaker at a church in Wood River. The articles went on to state that this Mr. Loeb "became a Christian and subsequently a member of the Lutheran Church." This is a misaprehension commonly indulged in by many people who are confused about reference to a person of the Jewish Faith who has adopted another religion. In this particular case, the man cannot be called a Jew as he has become a convert to another religion. He is now a Christian, and more specifically a Lutheran. Conversly, a person of another faith — Christian, Buddhist, etc. who becomes a convert to Jud- ictsni is known as a member of the Jewish Faith or a Jew. JERRY TRATTLER 6th arid Payne, Wood River Drew Pearson tSOOO MORNING C-UILOBEN 1 DON'T S|T DOWMI WE'RE GOING OUTSIDE f OR BlBLE REAOlNcC Victor Riesel 12,000 Unions Investigated WASHINGTON, D.C. — It is now four years and 300,000 "goldfish bowl" financial reports after the Act. The Act is the controversial Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure law. It became effective Sept. 14, 1959, amid vehement protests by union chiefs that the opening of their money records to the public would cripple labor. Labor hardly is hobbling despite the fact that it has had to live in a goldfish bowl and show its expenditures to any rank-and- filer or curious citizen who asks the government for a copy of the reports on file. For an inside view of the Act's operations I went to the one man who knows it best. He is John Holcombe, who directed the Bureau of Labor-Management Reports for the first four years. From him I have just gotten this exclusive analysis. There have been 12,000 investi- gations. These probes uncovered some 8,000 violations of the Act, also known as the Landrum-Griffin law. Most of the probes resulted from rank-and-file complaints. For the first time the membership now had a force to turn to when they were being pushed around, or when they believed that union funds were being lifted from the treasury, or they knew that elections were being stolen. Most of the violations were not willful. But there were some 500 instances which were serious and involved some mighty tough characters. "Criminal convictions have been obtained in over 100 prosecutions," Mr. Holcombe told me. "No international union has had more than six convictions except the Teamsters, which has had 25. "Nearly 200 elections of union officers have been found to viol- ate the law or are in court. "There have been 13 cases where unions, and employers, have refused to make available their records in compliance with subpoenas which I issued. In two such cases, the Teamsters carried their objections all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court without success." These financial reports are on file in what insiders call the "goldfish bowl" section. For 25 cents a page any citizen can get a copy of a union report. Thus, as in the instance of a New Jersey union, it was easy to discover that an official missing for over a year was still on the local's payroll. ' "' It is a simple matter to learn which Teamsters leaders' salaries total $75,000 or more a year. Or from how many sources inside the union structure they draw money. And how much of it is for expenses. «D 1963. The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Rumanians Give Commies Credit BUCHAREST - There's no question about the fact that Rumania is thriving. Not only can you see it and feel it, hut the international indexes give Rumania an economic growth rate of 15 per cent a year, which is higher than West Germany's, second only to Japan's, and Jour times higher than that of the United States. The question is — why is it thriving? Also — will it set a pace to be followed by other Socialist countries which will prove Khrushchev's boast that economically they will bury us? I asked the question of several different people and got several different answers. One was Niku Serban, deputy chief of protocol, a young man in his thirties, who scintillated with capitalist charm and wisecracks, but nevertheless was a Communist. Servan had been orphaned at the age of one and raised by a grandfather who was a tenant on a 40,000 acre farm of an absentee landlord. The landlord lived i n Paris and only once in his lifetime had Serban's grandfather seen the man he was working for. During the war, Serban got interested in Communism and became a young revolutionary. He holds three university degrees, is a member of the foreign offico, but also loaches on the side. His wife is both a teacher and a diplomat. "In ten years," he said, "we have stamped out illiteracy. We had to work hard to do it, but we have succeeded. My daughter aged 12 and my son aged 8 get three weeks in the mountains every summer and two weeks at the seashore. I never knew this as a boy. "My son won a contest in art and the teacher has recommended him for two schools. This is what T fought for — that my children may be happy. A National Goal "Before the war, our level ot culture was extremely low. Today we have new libraries in almost every town. We had only one philharmonic orchestra before the war. now sve have one in every major city. Before the war a novel sold only two or three thousand copies. Now it will sell 30,000. Books are very cheap. "The chief thing the Communist Party has given us is a goal to work for — to use the riches of our country for the people. We have worked — so hard. And there is still so much to do." When I asked this dapper young diplomat who looks like a state department career man what was the chief reason for Rumania's groat economic progress, he replied without hesitation: "The Communist Party." However, the communist Party has not had the same success in Germany, Poland, and Czechoslovakia. They are by no means as prosperous as Rumania. So I asked the same question of Silviu Brucan, former Rumania minister in Washington now vice president of Rumanian Television. , His answer was: "Planning." He' explained that some of t h e other Socialist countries had not planned a prdpcr balance between agriculture and industry, that Czechoslovakia had gone in for too much heavy industry; also East Germany. "Every member of the Rumanian cabinet dealing with economic matters is an engineer," Bru- can said. "They have charted our economy very carefully." And the man chiefly responsible is the man at the top — Gheorghiu-Dej." (© 1963, Bell Syndicate, Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Member of: The Associated Press The Audit Bureau of Circulation Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall In Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery is available. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office,. Ill East Broadway, Alton, Illinois, National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SKI'T. 3, 1938 Gov. Henry Homer was a dinner guest at Glencliffe Farm, the country home of H. H. Ferguson, near Graf ton. Among guests were E. E. Campbell, Granite City Press-Record executive; and U.S. Rep. Scott Lucas, Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator. The Works Projects Administration approved a $2,030,000 county-wide farm-to-market road building program expected to get under way in mid-September. An estimated 2,700 men were to be employed during the year on the program. The county would finance 26 per cent of the total cost. Two of the charter members of the £eta Beta Psi Sorority, national organization, attended the silver jubilee celebration of the local Phi Chapter. They were Mrs. Hubert P. McCuistion and Mrs. W. C. Gschwend. Other charter members and former Altonians unable to be present were Mrs. Ruth (Dorsey) Dillworth of LaPorte, Iml.; Mrs. Hazel (Eaton) Garetson and Mrs, Mary (Ryrie) Jacqulth, Evanston; Mrs. Lillian (Marsh) Christy, New Jersey; and Mrs. Nell (Lane) Bell. The Rev. Father Joseph Gschwend, S.J. was made master of novices at the Jesuit novitiate in Florissant, Mo. He had been editor of a monthly publication, "Jesuit Missions," published in New York, where he hud lived for several years. Father Gschwend was the son of Mr. and Mrs. William Gschwend of Alton. Roy Bierbaum and Bill Eisenreich sold their news stand on College avenue to Edward and Enos Campbell. Billy Boehni, 7, son of Fred Boehm, received nine awards for marksmanship from the National Rille Association at Washington, with 452 points out of a possible 500. Liquidation of the old Citizens Building & Loan Association, organized GO years before, was under way John Leveret!, 86, retired business man, had been the association's only secretary. W. I. Godwin greeted guests at opening of his new quarters, 114 East Broadway. The Godwin stationery and office supplies business had moved from the Temple Theater building. 50 Years Ago SEPT. 3, 1913 Alton was free of contagious disease for the first time in six months, said Mrs. Sophia Demuth, city health officer. An outbreak of small pox in the spring had been followed by numerous cases of scarlet fever and diphtheria. The last diphtheria quarantine had just been lilted. Mississippi Sand Co. had contracted to purchase the 3-year-old Str. Belle Vernon, now at Cincinnati, to take the place of its sunken sandboat, City of Mollne. Joseph Aldous was in Cincinnati to take possession of the boat for the company. Madison County teachers' institute was opened by County Supt. J. U. Uzzell in Alton high school. The public schools were not open for another week, and teachers were to be paid for attending the 4-day institute sessions. An estimated 350 were present. Daily lectures of "Laws ol Health" were to be a feature ol the instructional program. An entertainment for teachers was to be an evening excursion on the Str. W. W. The boat had been chosen for the sponsored trip because of its light draft which permitted it to keep operating under the extreme low water conditions in the Mississippi. The heavily loaded Str. Belle of Calhoun had been stranded five hours on a sand reef near Hop Hollow. It was pulled oil by the little steamer Control after part of its freight was transferred to a barge. A slight rising trend in the river was expected to ease navigating conditions. The Wood River township administrative muddle deepened. The town board at its monthly meeting found it had sufficient funds to pay onjy a' binall portion of the $1,300 in claims presented to it. The town board had refused to certify the election^ of Supervisor Gus Haller who had been recognjjed by the .county treasurer as town treasurer. Haller had|'jrecejved;?800 in tax funds but was holding the money uhiil the town board Issued him a certificate of election. Geopge Penning, the acting, hold-over supervisor, now had no town funds left in his possession. The board adjourned to November, believing by that time a court action would settle legal questions arising from-the creation of Alton as a city-township including portions of what had been Wood River township.
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