Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on August 9, 1963 · Page 10
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August 9, 1963

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 10

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Alton, Illinois
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Friday, August 9, 1963
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Page 10
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EMBAY, AUGUST 9, '•An in- .. EVfiNWQ -•"-• -***>*~™**' Tenth of Series Segregation Roots PRIBAY, AOQUSf ^1988' GRASS CARPET MEYER ZOYSIA fc EHMffild drain a» 108 s V Grow» In Any Sftll fc-Needj Vs Les» CutHng 'sUssV/«t«f iMTOfc'S NOTE - Wint Is It like to be it white South' eftit* today, a man of reason who Is trapped by his own in- SET YOUR LEVI'S HERE) HEADQUARTERS FOR PRE-SHRUNK LEVI'S 101 N. State Jcrseyvlllc Phone 153 We Give Plaid Stamps sttttcts and past but who knows Integration must coitie? By KELMAN MOttttt ATLANTA (AP) — For 70 years after Reconstruction, every South erner was born Into a segregated society. Segregation was his Way of life, deeply rooted in his consciousness. Moreover, it was legal. In 1896, Ihe doctrine of "separate-but- equal" was tested, and the U.S. Supreme Court held it to be constitutional. Some may have felt twinges of conscience, even so. Ralph McGill, publisher of the Atlanta Constitution, has written: "The more sensitive Southerner often is self-embarrassed by a realization that he has accepted unquestionably some aspect of his community life which he rejects... But nonetheless, he is a part of what he has met, and been. And the past, in tales of his grandparents, his great-aunts and uncles, has been in his ears from Alton Plaza and Wilshire Village LEWS from Age 3 to Men's birth." In 1954, another Supreme Court reversed the earlier ruling. It held that "separate educational facililien are inherently unequal." Southern lawyers and politicians had taken note of a series of court orders that put individual Negros in some Southern schools, but the man on the street was not prepared for integration. Overnight, in effect, he was told that he must do a mental about- face, change his attitudes and abandon beliefs he had always held. Even where the effort was made —nobody can say how many Southerners made it—this was no easy task. In the South, racial barriers are going down. Schools, other public facilities and business establish ments are being desegregated What are the feelings of the Southerner as he sees the old patterns of life crumbling around him? There is no one answer. At one end of the spectrum are men like Govs. George C. Wai lace of Alabama and Ross Barnett of Mississippi, fiercely defending the old order. A legion of Southerners applauds them. At the other are men like Hodding Carter, editor of the Greenville, Miss., Delta-Democrat, Ralph McGill and others who ate less well known for their opposition to Segregation. Carter and McGill receive bales of letters, some favorable, morfe abusive. Between the poles of thought, you find: —The Southerner who opposes integration, but believes In law and order. Reluctantly, he says the courts must be obeyed. —The person who says, "We were all getting along fine until outsiders came In and stirred up the Negroes. If the outsiders would be perfectly happy again." —The man who says .that, since the Supreme Court reversed itself once on segregation, It may do so again sometime. He wants the 1954 ruling tested, again and again. v For years, the South has been working aggressively to attract industry. The businessman : knows —possibly from experience—that violence will hinder the drive. So, although segregationists, some advocate accommodation with Negro demands. The situation for the Southern college student often is similar to that of the businessman. It may gall him to see" Negrbes 6n the campus. But graduation Is mdre Important and he doesn't Want to jeopardise thati '• Some thoughtful, sincere persons in the South 'are deeply troubled, Wrestling with conscience. A divinity student candidly acknowledged that he hati been strongly prejudiced against Nfi- ;roes. After ho began studying tot :he clergy, he concluded that !ie could not reconcile his prejudice with his religion. "It was very difficult but I believe I can say now lhat 1 have freed myself froni these prejudices," he.'says.' . A woman cornmentlng on racial disturbances in a nearby city, says: "When the troubles started, I tried to imagine myself in the position of-a Negro. I tried to see things from this point of view Frankly, it was a shock. But it still seems to me that if I were a Negro, it would be. better, to try to elevate f my own. race, not lose myself in another race." .This dovetails with the,position of Southerners who deny any prejudice toward .the Negro ,bul say,' "Race-mixing is not the an- sWer to the problem. For both races, it is better to develop separately." One man said he Is convinced that "idleness" Is causing the Negro unrest,.North and South. Negro unemployment, national* y, Is more than double the figure 'or the whites. Me said, "I've Ived all my life-with' Negroes and I know that when they're idle they end to get in trouble. Give them sbmething to do and you won't have all this trouble." Atlanta has gone further than :nost Southern cities in desegregating. A waitress in an upper- n-ncket restaurant says she has seen only .one "incident." Two white couples left in the middle of dinner, when Negroes were seated fit an .adjoining table. How does she feel about waiting on Negroes? "I don't mind,", she'says. "The kind who come in here are just like anyone else." However, placard-carrying segregationists picket ; an Atlanta res- alirant that has Integrated. This s a painful example of the situation confronting Southern businessmen. They get It in the neck 'rom both sides. Finally, the Southerner is watch- ng with the keenest interest as gro demonstrations spread to he North. "Now the Yankees are getting a taste of the problem," he says. 'They're going to see that finding i solution isn't as simple as they thought," J & A SpHngman liAS A COMPUBTE LINE OF" LAWN NEEDS Godfrey, 111. Ph. 4t«j.3431 STATE ST, BARBERSHOP Air Conditioned 1250 STATE ST. (Across St. from Watortowcr Playground) SPECIALIZING IN FLATTOPS 2 Young Experienced Barbers! GARY AND SKINNER pott COLUMBUS, Ohio UP! - Cits utilities director C, Mownrd John son Jr., who Says "the world w live Ifi is noisy enough," ha taken steps to tune out, poftaW radios on city buses. Signs have appeared In th Columbus Transit Co.'s 267 buses requesting passengers not to pla. portables. "I think most people will co operate," Johnson says. 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