Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on August 2, 1963 · Page 5
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August 2, 1963

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 5

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Alton, Illinois
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Friday, August 2, 1963
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FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1963 ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH PACifi WVIB Fifth of Series Negro Exploited By Profiteers EDITOR'S NOTE - Individuals at the frlngoB profit in many ways from racial discrimination and segregation. Here is a report on prejudice profiteering. Fifth In a special Associated Press series on the racial crisis. tly TOM 1IENSIIAW Al» Ncwfltoafiircjt Writer One day In June, 1962, a real estate broker dropped in at a home in a town far out on Long Island. Were the owners interested in selling their homo? They were not. They should be, the broker advised. Soon it would have no value. The reason: Negroes were living in the neighborhood. The owners, who are while, still were not interested. The broker left his business card In case they changed their minds. Ho went next door to pay a similar call. The" broker's enterprise was nipped in mid-spiel when New York state lifted his license for "blockbusting," which is considered "against the public interest." Blockbusting — Inducing the panic sale of properly at a loss when Negroes move into a white neighborhood — is only one of many ways in which individuals can profit from racial segregation and discrimination. There are other ways in which the Negro is exploited—not necessarily because he is black but because being black has placed him in a vulnerable social, cultural, economic position. Exploitation Probed Exploitation in housing has been the subject of numerous inquiries in metropolitan areas in the North. Substandard housing reaps enormous profits for landlords through a variety of techniques: reducing large units into many small ones, charging high rents on the basis of persons occupying the quarters, drastically reducing services and upkeep. Even in such things as the purchase of food, Negroes contend they have paid a double premium: higher prices and lower quality. A large chain was accused recently of having different price structures in New York in stores dealing with predominant ly white customers and those with Negro and Puerto Rican customers. The Negro customers allegedly paid more for the same goods. The company attributed the situation to store management error. One of the major complaints of Negroes in the North is that they have been shortchanged in job opportunities. While no man may profit directly from such a system, In n sense the white worker profits in reduced competition for his job. It Is in the struggle for iobs that the North has witnessed some of Its worse violence. ' In New York, Philadelphia and other cities, the Negro has been demonstrating in demand of jobs. CORE has been particularly active, and heads have been cracked as pickets blocked movement of supply vehicles or sought to keep workers from going on the job. Some construction has been halted by pickets. It is almost axiomatic in the Negro community that Negroes pay more for loss. Reginald A. Johnson, associate lireclor for housing of Hie National Urban League, calls it "the race tax." Since the business of profiteering In race is a shadowy operation there are no good estimates of its profits. But a self-proclaimed blockbuster, writing under an assumed name in the Saturday Evening Post, said in effect:' High Profits "If you can't make $100,000 a year, you're loafing." Blockbusting usually works like this: Elm Street is all-white. The houses are not new; perhaps they are a bit over the hill. A few blocks away, there is an all-Negro neighborhood. One day, a white family moves away. A real estate speculator sells the house to a Negro family. The Negroes move in. The speculator contacts Brown, another white Elm Street homeowner. He reminds Brown of his Negro neighbors, adding with a knowing look "And you know what they do to property values." The speculator offers to buy the house. Brown agrees to sell. He sets the price at $12,500. The speculator laughs. Witli Negroes in the neighborhood and more certain to move in, lie says, he couldn't get more than $10,000 for it. Brown sells at: $10,000. The house is offered to Smith, a Negro, tor $15,000. It's inflated and Smith knows it but the house and the neighborhood are bettei than those usually available to Negroes. Smith buys. The speculator takes his $5,000 gross profit and moves on to the next house, the next block, the next town. Blockbusting is the most spectacular way in which unscrupulous people reap a financial wind fall from the fact that one race s often uncomfortable in the pres- >nce of another. But all methods have n common denominator: The <egro is a cnptive market. "The while person can escape," ays Whitney M. Young Jr., ex- ciiiive director of the Urban Dengue. "The Negro cannot." Unspectacular but steady profits are made, Negro leaders ay, in the so-called Negro ghettos .f the North — Harlem in Now York, the South Side in Chicago, Fillmore Street in San Francisco. Ghello landlords, mosl of them white but some Negro, are able o make money without spending nuch. Oali'l Movi: "They don't have to worry itout improving the property," Dr. Warren Banner of the Urban League. "The Negro isn't ;oing to move. Solar Eclipses Provide Data For Scientists By ALTON BLAKQSLEB Associated Press Science Writer NEW YORK (AP)—Once in a while the moon sails through space in jus! the right path to make the sun blink. When it momentarily blots out the sun in a total eclipse, astronomers will travel to the ends of the earth to watch. Eclipses have revealed many facts they might never otherwise have learned because the sun ordinarily is such a blinding light, The eclipse of July 20—partially visible to millions of Americans —is expected to add significantly to (lie lore. From past eclipses, Dr. Thomas D, Nicholson of the Hnyden Planetarium in New York points out, scientists learned the sun has an atmosphere or corona millions of degrees hot, reaching millions of miles into space. , Eclipse studies showed there was helium on the sun, before that chemical element was identified on the earth. Now it is known that the sun burns by fusing hydrogen atoms into helium. When the moon was centered on the sun, scientists for the first time saw solar prominences, the great licking tongues of gases loosed from explosive reactions on the sun. In his theory of relativity, Albert Einstein predicted the gravi tational field of such a massive body as lhe sun would bend 01 deflect light rays. During eclipses astronomers confirmed this—lighl from stars visible in the "night' sky of the eclipse was deflected in about the degree predicted compared with light from the same stars when the sun was'not in that portion of the heavens. This lust eclipse probably was J & A Springman DON'T MISS OUR — AIR CONDITIONING NOW GOING ON I Samuel Lubell Where would he ml under more intensive scientif c study than any before, with ome new techniques employee ind—as usual — numerous seien jfic teams seeing their planning rustrated by rains or clouds. Scientists are analyzing findings tbfained with cameras, rockets and radio beams, spectrographs and other instruments. They hope 01- better understanding of the ilructure of.the corona, its relationships to activity of the sun, of magnetic fields and storms on In? sun, of changes in the ionosphere, the upper electrified layers if the earth's atmosphere. They may win clues to the prediction of solar flares—which pour out great bursts of radiation that could be dangerous tor space .revelers—or possibly insights into subtle triggering actions in solar iclivity upon the earth's weather ind climate. When the Arabs invaded what s now Morocco, they intermarried vith the Berbers, and the result vas the Moors. The term "Moor" came to be loosely applied not only to those of mixed blood but Uso to the many Berbers and the few Arabs who remained pure In iloodline. jo? The owners jusl milk the property and forget it." Some owners keep their proper- ios in repair. A noticeable 1 , num- )er don't. Last spring, inspectors discov- rccl 91 violations of the health code in a Harlem tenement. They ncluded rat infestation, disrepair, accumulated refuse and inadequate heal. Race profits also are mado on :he money market. Some chan- lels for obtaining money are closed to the Negroes, particularly n mortgage loans. "The money we lend is not our own," says a Chicago banker. 'We must invest it: in sound paper. Negroes just have a tough :ime meeting our mortgage stand- jfrds." "When a person applies for a oan," says Banner, "the bank looks at his job and his collateral. It relates this information to its ixperience with people in similar situations. "Negroes are most likely to lave marginal jobs with less security. Generally speaking, the neighborhoods. into which Negroes are permitted to move are lhe neighborhoods no one else wants. The house is not worth much as collateral." The speculator, of course, is always willing to step in to help- tor a price. Banner cites as an example the case of a Negro who had a chance to buy a house at its market price of $17,000 and wound up paying $21,000 through a speculator when the bank turned down his loan. 'The load is more than he can handle," says Banner. "The house is old because that is usually the only type they will sell to a Negro. 1-fp has no money left for repairs. He has to rent out rooms to make ends meet." "Segregation," Young says, "invariably means inferior schools which in turn means a ready source of cheap, unskilled labor. The Negro doesn't make much money. He is confined to the ghetto, the slum. 'The small merchant on the corner gives him ghetto credit. The merchant can charge more for his goods. The Negro has to pay. He can't go anywhere else." Next: Gains & Goals. n.v SAMUEL A stiffened sense of bargaining power dominates the mood of most Negroes Interviewed in nine Northern cities. Roughly a fourth of those 1 talked with share the view of a Can- Ion, Ohio, sandblaster who said, "We ought to hold off on these demonstrations. There might be trouble." But the more general feeling is reflected in the comment of a building guard in Washington, D. C, who declared, "The black man has his back against the wall. We've got to tight." Again, in Youngstown, Ohio, a minister said, "The white man has to see that the Negro is through taking it." These comments are not voiced with revolutionary fervor but more in the tones of workers who are out on strike and who feel, as a New Jersey school teacher put it, "We're riding high and ought to push for more. We can't give up when we're on top." 'Keep lip Pressure' A Brooklyn longshoreman thought, "We must keep up the pressure. It's like when you're getting close to a new contract." Extremist agitation does not 2 Treated for Injuries at Jersey Hospital JKRSEYVILLE - Alfred Beiermann of Jerseyville sustained a laceration of the right thumb Wednesday evening at his home while putting a blade on the lawn mower. His hand slipped causing the thumb injury. He was taken to the Jersey Community Hospital where the wound was sutured. Randall Green, fi, son of Mr. ily of Negroes still drive them follow their counsel or will they ((nd Mrs Dav id Green of Jersey- Negroes Feel Now Is Time To Press Rights Advantage ttie way they operate. They are; This uncertainty points to whal against everyone — white people, j could prove a cricial period for Jews, everybody. We can't be sep-iNegro leaders. If, after register- arale." | ing some gains, they decide to call In short, the dominant aspira-toff (hose demonstrations "for lions of the overwhelming major- the time being." will the Negroes FORTY ODD By Peg Bracken and Rod Lull towards being accepted by the! insist on continuing the dnmon- fcst of society. Quickened However, the racial demonslra-l lions of rcnnt. months have quick-i ened the Negro's pride and racial! solidarity. A Philadelphia cab driver vemarked, "After these demonstrations Negroes will noj longer be thought of as easy-going guys who are happy if you give them a lillle dancing and singing." Older people talk of "a new kind of Negro" emcrging.In New York Cily, a 03-year-old slaughter house worker recalled, "When I was young I was afraid of going to jail and being hurl. But young people today are nol afraid." A nurse in Slalen Island said, "I've been pulling my money away and giving il lo Ihese or- ganixalions. I feel good about it. We didn't have the education the young ones have. They won't sland for what we stood for." Thre is lillle difference in mili- jslrnlions without end? (IQ 1003, United Features, Inc.) Says Partner Took Automobile d by Both seem to have taken any real hold tniicy along economic lines. The in any of the neighborhoods sam-1 unemployed Negroes whom I talk- pled. Perhaps one in every 10 Negroes says something favorable about Elijah Mohammed and his Black Muslims. But nearly always II is because "they slop Negroes from using dope when doctors can't" or, as a Pittsburgh housewife said, "The Muslims cleaned up my two brothers. They never drink any more." The Muslim doctrines of "black supremacy" and "all white men are evil" were rejected by all ex- cepl two of the nearly 100 Negroes interviewd. In Akron, Ohio, a 41-year-o 1 d repairman was standing a few feet from a Black Muslim mosque. Asked about the Muslims, he re- poied, "Those people are out of their minds. They hate all white men. I don't go for that violence stuff." A Baltimore factory worker who had been to three Muslim meetings credited the Muslims with "stiffening other Negro leaders." But, he added, "I don't like ed with have been no angrier or more demanding than Negroes in better-income, home-owning neighborhoods. Fair numbers of Negroes ciriti- c'r/.p President John F. Kennedy for being "so slow in acting" or because "he does only what he has to." But among the Negroes inlerviewed who voted for Kenney in I960, only two out of 70 talk of shifting to the Republicans. This gain is more than offset by those who favored Nixon b u 1 would now go for Kennedy. The really big question mark in the current situation is whal gains the Negroes hope to make in the immediate future. Many demand an end to all discrimination. "That word 'gradual' both ers me," said a Harlem social worker. "A hundred years is long enough to wait." When pressed, however, they concede "every tiling cant' be changed at once.' P; WILLIS A complaint charging theft was filed icre Thursday morning by .)avid Miller of 3245 16th Street, ,lncoln, Nel»'., against Melvin Lore of 4232 Ash Ave., Hammond, Ind. In filing the complaint. Miller old local officials that he and Lore had bought a 195(1 model :ar in Mexico, Mo., Monday, luly 29, in joint ownership. They arrived in Jerscyville Tuesday and had spent a couple of days here before Lore disappeared with the car and its contents. Miller said. Among jiings belonging to Miller which Lore is charged with taking are three suits of clothes and other items belonging to Miller, S75 in currency which was in his bill fold in one of the suits and the interest of Miller in the car. Miller reported that he had been left penniless by the disappearance of Lore and had been without anything to eat for nearly two days. He expected to get a ride part of the way home with another party who was leaving Jerseyville Thursday evening. Miller reported that he and Lore had been working together for the past two years and saic he could not account for Lore's disappearance. ville, ran through a storm door at his home Wednesday evening cut ting his forehead. Me was taken to the Jersey Community Hospital Where the cut was sutured. Training School Set JERSEYVILLE - A Homemak >rs Extension local leader training school will take place at 1:30 p.m. Aug. 5 at the Farm Bureau base- nent. The school is for the September esson to be presented to each Unit. Topic of the lesson will be Mow Do You Rate As a Shopper?" and will be given by Miss jlenda Piper, house and equipment specialist from the University of Illinlos. Guests at Wedding Home JERSEYVILLE — Mr. and Mrs, Iharles Wedding and daughter ludy of Seattle, Wash., are spencl- a few days with his mother Mrs. C. E. Wedding. Guests of Mrs. Uertnion JERSEYVILLE — Sister Mary Eugenia and Sister Mary Leon ard, who have been guests of the former mother, Mrs. John Bert "Drugs ... side-effects. Drugs ... side-effects. Couldn't I just go back to the original cold?" houseguesls of Mr. and Mrs. Cincinnati, Ohio, on July 18. Mrs. Miller was formerly Miss Mnrjor- ie Leach and was Home Adviser of .Jersey County. The baby has been named Margaret Jane and she weighed seven pounds 8 ounc- Frank Seago. Mrs. Melvin was formerly Miss Mildred Sunderland and Mrs. Wilkey was Miss Mary Sunderland of Jerseyville. Hiirdln Itlrth JERSEYVILLE—Mr. and Mrs. Robert Sprang of Hardin have given the name Judith Ann to their infant daughter born July 31 at Jersey Community Hospital. The baby weighed five pounds and 12'/2 ounces. She is a grand- es. Mrs. Edward 11. Weule of Jerseyville is spending several days in Muskegon, Mich., as guest of her brother-in-law and sister, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Melow. Mrs. Alice Ellis of Beloit, Wls., daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles came to Jerseyville Tuesday to Taylor of Greenfield and Mr. and Mrs. Frank Spong of Hardin and is a great-granddaughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Taylor of Nutwood, Mrs. Lillie Talley of Carrollton, Mrs. Margaret Johnson and Mrs. Cornelius of Hardin. "Before her marriage Mrs. Sprang was Miss Vera Taylor. Other children capacity Coining spend a few days with her sisters, Mrs. Emma Welch and Ida Houseman. Aninrioans Invited BUENOS AIRES — American builders have been invited to bid on Argentina's new highway. Alton Plaza and Wilshire Village LEWS from Age 3 to Men's STOP WISHING . . START DRIVING! Got a "poclcotful of dreams" about n newer oar but luak the ready cash to mutch? hook into u low cost Auto Loan from uu. Action will be fasti Convenient terms! PHONG HO OR SEE KJfiNNEY KLOOS MIDSTATES FINANCE CO. 811 Kidfe, near Broadway nmn SAVE REAL DOUGH ON OUR STOCK ROOM OUTERWEAR CLEARANCE World's Heaviest Denim Now Pre-Shrunk In fact, LEVI'S XX Denim is so heavy that they had to devise a special method of pre-shrinking, so it would be pre-shrunk "clear through", not just on surface. Jerseyville Notes JERSEYVILLE — Jerseyville riends have received word of the birth of a daughter to Mr. and Mrs. Jack Miller 2505 Ardmore, man Sr. in Jerseyille returned to| jn lhe f aniily are Debra, 4, and Springfield Wednesday. Mrs. Bert- Ro t, erl: Jr-( ^\/ 2 months. man's son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Tauber who have also been her guests, have returned to their home in Decatur. Visiting With Mother Here JERSEYVILLE—Mr. and Mrs. John Melvin of Pittsburgh, Pa., and Mr. and Mrs. Louis Wilkey and son, John, of St. Paul, Minn., are guests this week of Mrs. Augusta Sunderland, mother of Mrs. Melvin and Mrs. Wilkey, who is a patient at Garnet's Nursing Home. While here the visitors were GET YOUR LEVI'S HERE! WOOD RIVER HEADQUARTERS FOB PRE-SHRUNK LEVI'S AND THE NEW i WHITE LEVI Jvwvwvwwwwvw W J vrs I WVWVV 101 N, State JerseyvIIle Phone 153 We Give Plaid Stamps FULLY AUTOMATIC KELVINATQR PUSH BUTTON ELECTRJC COOKING i WE DO OUR OWN FINANCING AT SLACK New PRE-SHRUNK ONLY" 30" W/Df—/nsfoffi Ffusfe to Wall and Flush to Cob/nets A HEW KIND OF TOP-BAKE HEAT ygj. for perfect baking and brown/Qfl HUGE OVEN SUPERSPEED UNIT AUTOMATIC OVEN TIMER AND MINUTE MINDER meofe ou/ocnaMcoMy World-famous jeans now shrunk to size! The original blue jeans are now size-controlled —but that's the only difference. You still enjoy the trim, tapered, low-waisted LEVI'S fit. 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