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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1963 Editorial Just What Needs to Be Done? Whitney M. Young Jr., nation.il executive director of the National Urban League, has brought up a conception in the civil rights area which would have been better Exposed earlier in rhc current controversy. It would have cleared the air better regarding what the civil rights supporters were seeking and could have given a chance to all to demonstrate how unanimously they supported the principle. He urged a domestic "Marshall Plan" to raise Negroes' social and educational standards. "Giving equally to citizens suffering for generations from a privation," urges Mr. Young, "is in effect, giving uncqiuliv." His "Marshall Plan" would therefore give special assistance to Negroes in education, training, and employment, and, in his words, "calls for the same kind of expression of generosity and understanding which motivated this country to spend 12 billions under the original Marshall Plan." Coming now after, for instance, many fair employment practices programs have been undertaken to put the Negro on an equal basis with others in competition for jobs, Young's proposal perhaps answers a question which long has bothered those who look at the deeper roots of our problem. We believe Mr. Young has finally brought into the open the crucial question for a truly "great debate." We have pointed out in these columns the need for deciding no what basis this question of civil rights shall be decided, especially •where it applies to education media and employment. One of the prime problems, however, in arriving at any kind of equitable decision on ftrtvid Lmvrence Military Is Misused for Social Aims THE LITTLE WOMAN Mr. Young's principle is to determine ju<.t how much .tnd what kind of concessions need to be made if we arc truly to relieve flic country of the problem which we f;icr in the differences in cultures (and we avoid implying cultural levels because we feel both Ration that Americans have heap cultures have something to give) of these j ( , d on , hp Sovjp|s foj , , ndot ., r | nn( . two races. jl)g |nojl . troops wi ,|, t ),e social Somehow, we feel, this analysis must be WASHINGTON — It seems incredible thai, with nil flip demm- made speedily and justly and thoroughly, for in it lies the key to the wisest solution of our interracial problems. The two races will have to face up to the answers like adults. Yet the race which stands to be most benefitted by such a survey has maneuvered itself into an anonymity on most public records that threatens to cripple and delay adequate diagnosis of our national illness. Any longrange plan, and any program for immediate use, must be based on the recognition that our prime difficulties lie in easily recognized physical differences in the two races which so easily set them apart; that these two races are co-habitants of a nation in which their efforts should be joined in a common cause; that the best juncture of these efforts can be gained, not by remaining on opposite sides of a cultural, economic, occupational, residential, and spiritual fence, but in closer relations with each other. Relative rights become secondary when we recognize that we, as a people and exponents of a political philosophy based on individual freedom and equality, are threatened by another philosophy and form of government whose centralized powers have ways of contravening such racial differences we suffer under. \Ve need to think fast and constructively. The Boss 'Got' It First We don't particularly sympathize with compulsory arbitration as applied to the railroads' or any other labor troubles—although some occasion might arise some time to require it and we never can rule it out completely. But we can't go along with AFL-CIO President George Meany's insistence that if President Kennedy's proposal for referring the present manning problems to the Interstate Commerce Commission is adopted, the nation might as well nationalize the roads. Actually the step would only be balancing up the situation between labor and management in the railroads. The Illinois Commerce Commission has been telling management what it must do about rates, shipping routes, and other conditions affecting its profits for years. In effect, it has been placing a limit on management's income for that time. Now what is being requested is power for the ICC to turn its attention to the problem of how many men the unions can force the railroads to retain on their payrolls. The picture of the railroads as it has been drawn has been that they have been making adequate profits and their stocks are still in demand despite the pressure for manning and other forms of expenses coming from the unions. We feel the public, however, has an interest at this point—far beyond that involved in stockholders' dividends. Perhaps the railroads' profits ARE adequate. The public, however, has some complaints to make about their quality of service, particularly in the passenger phase; even in the mail phase, effected by sparser and sparser train schedules. Savings in operating expenses at some points might well open up the possibilities of improving passenger service. This could stand a great deal of improvement on many roads. And the improvement might pay off handsomely in increased patronage, in turn creating more jobs for more railroaders. As old railroad travel fans, ourselves (we aren't scared of planes, either) we'd like to see this improvement made. The public, and perhaps even our highway and other travel problems would be greatly benefitted. We could begin saving some of those taxes we must spend on constantly replacing and enlarging highway capacity. Foresight City Engineer Paul Lenz is showing good business sense in undertaking a new survey of the city's sewers' condition with a view to laying out a longrange maintenance plan. This cleaning and maintenance program was started several years ago, but grave emergencies growing from long years' delay in such a plan have interfered with its planned progress. It is wise to perform this re-evaluation of progress, and to regroup the public works planning resources around a new program that can recognize this situation and proceed from the current situation. As we know from the prospective cost of building our new system of sewers now under construction, these facilities are expensive. They are not as easily replaced or kept under surveillance as some other municipal facilities, and they could quietly deteriorate in their underground situations without any being the wiser until major emergencies arose. It is therefore important to take stock continually of their condition, once installed, and be alert to keep them in the best possible condition. Drew Pearson's Merry-Go-Round Nikita Has Military Problems Too Editor's Note — Yesterday Drew Pearson described some of Kennedy's problems with the Joint Chiefs of S t a f f. Today, he tells of similar military problems faced by Mr. Khrushchev. WASHINGTON — Most Americans don't realize it, but it's probable that Nikita Khrushchev has jus! about as much trouble wiUi J B-70. ing. In brief, military men arr about The Joint Chiefs of Staff last the same the world over, and the Red army protest WHS so strong that Khrushchev abandoned h i s plans for a cut. Hed Army on \urleur Tests 1 got a further indication that the Red army was potent two years ago when Khrushchev told me that he had received letters as his military leaders John V. Kennedy. It's not unusual that civilian demobilize tin chiefs have trouble with thoir mil- .demobilization o e s j f rum army mc'ii urging that in \ieu of the Berlin crisis, he not class ready for Khrushchev said and political ideas of Communism, thr people of the United States i should bo reading this week in ! i their newspapers about speech- ;es in the halls of Congress al| logitiR that the Kennedy adminis-' (ration is hying to use the armed services to propagate its doctrines! of social reform. i Sen. John Stennis of Mississippi, Democrat, is a high-ranking | member of the Senate Armed I Services Committee and chairman of its Preparedness Invesli gating subcommittee. In a speed 1 to the Senate on Wednesday, he cited the directive which has been issued by the Secretary of Defense, ordering commanders al military bases to declare "of: limits" any businesses or areas where any racial discrimination may occur. The Senator said in his speech: "It is now proposed that t h e military profession itself be utilized as a driving force in the establishment of a new social anc political order which involves race relations and individual associations in off-base areas surrounding our military establishments. . . "This new and previously unheard-of mission is designed to shape our military force as an instrument for social reform and can only result in irreparable injury to the military profession. In addition, it is a grave and serious challenge to the long-es- 25 and 50 Years Ago itary. DC Gaulle has faced openi"* 1 ' though! he would follow their army rebellion. The Argentine i a dvii -\government has hei-n kicked out; He also told me that he was un- week told President Kennedy thai they were afraid Russia would get ahead of the United States during any test ban. During the Cuban crisis it was reported by Ambassador F o y Kohler that Ihe Red army was furious with Khrushchev for pulling his missiles out of Cuba. And there were some reports that (Khrushchev had bowed to Red army pressure when he put the missiles in Cuba in the first place. At anv rate, after the Cuban several times by its military. The Peruvian military threw out one government last year and decided elections their own way this year, while the President of Ecuador is the latest to feel the bite of his military men. But somehow the world doesn't think of the top man of the Communist world as having to worry about his military. President Tito of Yugoslavia, in an unusually frank interview last summer told me, however, that tiiis was not ti-ue, that Khrushchev did have to listen to the Red army. One indication of this fact came }n 3959 when Khrushchev announced that the Soviet was spending too much money on arms, that big land armies were out of date and announced a cut of about 2,000,000 men. This also entailed a cut of about 250,000 of- fleers. And the how) that went up from them was just as bitter, though not an vocal as tlutt which has o o m e from the U.S. admirals when tlio clvilluu duels at the Pentagon proposed reducing air- carriers, or when Secretary Mc'Naiuui'a cut aiiu budget foi' the der pressure from Ihe Red army to resume nuclear testing. The Red army, he said, believed that Russia \vas following behind the United States. He did not tell me what he planned to do, but about a week later, he did resume test- Alton Evening Telegraph Published Dully by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY. Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by currier; by mull $12 a year in Illinois 11 nd Missouri. $18 In ull other status. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery is available. MliMBER Ol- THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated press Is exclusively entitled to ilie use for publication of till news dispatches credited in this paper and to (he local news published herein. MEMUEH, THE AUDIT BUKI3AU OF CIRCULATION Local Advertising Rates and Contract intormalion on application at the Telegraph business office 111 EUtit Broadway. Alton, 111. National Advertising Representatives: The liranham Company, New York, PeiiwJt St. Louts. tablished and traditional concept of complete separation of the mil- tary from all political matters and activities... "Paragraph C (of the directive) places clear and heavy responsi- sility upon the military commander in the field of social reform, t provides: " 'Every miitary commander ias the responsibility to oppose discriminatory practices affect- ng his men and their dependents and to foster equal opportunity or them, not only in areas under his immediate controls but also in nearby communities where they may live or gather in off-duty lours.' " Not long ago, the Secretary of Defense had to revise an Air Force directive which was construed as encouraging soldiers vhen out of uniform to participate n racial "demonstrations." It is lot yet clear how much of the Defense Department's influence still remains a factor in the ac- ivities of soldiers off duty who are in sympathy with the "demonstrations." Senator Stennis not only calls attention to the economic coercion involved in using military commanders to determine what places of business shall be patron- zed but he says the new directive brings into play the factor of in- luence in promotions. Mr. Stennis declared that the new directive will affect the promotion and career advancement of officers affected" and that he could not conceive of any step "which would )e more destructive of officer mo•ale." He quoted from a presidential commission's report which proposed that officers "showing; nitiative and achievement" in this; activity "will enhance their per-| formance ratings and obtain favorable consideration f o r promo-, lion and career advancement." ; Senator Barry Goldwater of Ar- 1 izona, Republican, joined w i t h, other senators on Wednesday in' denouncing the directive. He re-, commended that the senate Armed Services Committee conduct an investigation of the Pentagon committee which, he said, had gone toj military buses around the conn-: try "with complete dossiers on ev-l cry businessman" in the surround-! ing communities, including "ev- 1 ery figure the committee can get out of income-tax returns" filed j with the Internal Revenue Serv- "My, you look calm, cool and ridiculous!" Readers Forum Living Wage for Aides I have read with interestwho helped me when the going articles that have appeared ingot really tough." your paper regarding new treat- But it is a fact that the* men ments for the mentally ill. They who take care of the hogs at these have mentioned the doctors, nurs-state institutions make more es, psychologists, dietary work-money than the aides, ers, etc. but nothing about t h e When will the people and the psychiatric aide. officials of this state realize and The aide is the only person at recognize the importance of the the hospital who comes into con-psychiatric aide and give him the stant contact with the patient. He recognition and the living wage bathes, feeds, makes sure theydue him? are properly clothed, keeps the It would be money saved, for wards clean, and, as a rule, is the person who is happy and con- the only one to offer a helping tent, and who is appreciated on hand when they become disturb-his job does the best work. In this ed, worried, and in need of a kind case, his job is helping the ment- word. ' ally ill to return to society and to In short, the aide is often the a useful and constructive way of only contact the patient has with life. the outside world. Many patients DONALD E. PALMER, have said that "it was the aide 404 E. Broadway Days Off vs. Sunday In her book, "Around the Year with the Trapp Family," Maria A. Trapp speaks of Russia as "The land without a Sunday." Of their travels through Russia she says, "Of all the things they md seen and observed, one ex- jerience had most deeply impressed them: that Russia had lone away with Sunday. This had shocked them even more than v h a t they saw of Siberian concentration camps or of the misery and hardship in cites and country. The absence of Sunday seemed to be the root of all the evil." "Instead of a Sunday the Russians have a day off," she added. "This happens at different in- ervals during the week. What a difference between a day off and i Sunday! The people work in shifts. While one group enjoys its day off, the others continue to voi'k in factories, on the farms or n the stores, which are always open. "As a result the over-all impression throughout the country was hat of incessant work, work, work. The atomosphere was one of constant rush and drive. They m is s e d most a quiet, peaceful Sunday with church bells ringing and people resting after prayer." Pope Pius XII said it 1947, "Sunday must become again the day of the Lord, the day of adoration, of prayer, of rest, of recollection and of reflection, of happy reunion in the intimate circle of the family." Maria Trapp goes on to say, "The results of the struggle between belief and unbelief will depend to a great extent on the use that each of the opposing fronts will make of Sunday. We know what use Russia made of the Sunday. The question now is: And how about us — you and I?" MRS. JEAN PATTAN Rosewood Heights East Alton ForumWriters,Note Writer's names and addresses must be published with letters to the Readers Forum. Letters must be concise (preferably not over 150 words). AH are subject to condensation. CROSSWORD By Eugene Sbeffer a 15 35 41 39 Jfo 33 13 3o 4fa 47 8 17 IB 14- IO 34- 43 M 2.S crisis it was obvious that some- j co j-j e declared: thing was happening between K h r u s h <; h e v and his military men. They were going to other members of the Kremlin in the same way the Joint Chiefs of Staff slip up to Capitol Hill to spill the beans to their favorite champions — Sen. Dick Russell of Georgia, Sen. Stuart Symington of Missouri or Rep. Carl Vinson of Georgia. After Cuba, Marshal Malinowsky, the Soviet Secretary of Defense, publicly took exception to a book published by Marshal Yer- emenko giving Khrushchev the main credit for victory at Stalingrad. Disagreeing publicly, Malinowsky gave, credit to Marshal Zliukov, now kicked out of power. This was equivalent to Secretary McNamara saying that John K. Kennedy svas no hero in the PT boat incident, (hat Richard Nixon was a greater hero. Army Slmko -Up While Malinowsky was on a trip to Indonesia a short time later, M a r s h a 1 Matvei Zukiiarov was removed as Chief of Staff and replaced by Marshal Sergei Biryuzov, a missile expert close to Khrushchev, «p 1803, Bell Syndicate, Inc.) < "1 ihink this goes much further than what we are talking about here today; namely, the threat of a military takeover should things change in this country and we find that the military commanders have become used to running politics and the social life of the community — I do not care where it is. It goes further than a discussion of the civil rights question." ; "Militarism" is a term used toj refer to military men who usurp power to control civilians, but there seems to be no word except possibly "politics" to define efforts by civilians to use the' military to carry on social-reform programs. Senator .Stennis said: "This may only be the beginning. If political activity is condoned and encouraged in this field, the President some day day may not be able to extricate the military from other political activity that could follow." Rep. F, Edward Herbert of Louisiana, Democrat, on the same day denounced an order by which the federal government will withdraw contracts for the civil defense adult education program. (© im, N.Y. H«r*ld-Trlbuuo. inc.) HORIZONTAL 1. possesses 4,stores 9. peruke 12. be in debt 13. invigorating 1 14. garden implement 15. woven fabric 17. European river 19, sound 20, legumes 21, game 23. blandish 26. poverty 27. units of weight 89. Greek letter 29, donkey 30. designs 81. undeveloped blossoms 82. pronoun 38. Imbibed 84. walk Io water 88. Empir» Btata 37. weathercocks 88. poker stake 89. portion 40. recipient of gift 42. pledge 45. exist 46. hazard 48, deface 49. married 60, periods 51. health resort VERTICAL 1. fiery 2, overwhelm 8. church officers 4. restrict C. cavity 6, single unit 7. GreeJt letter Answer to yesterday's puezle. Avtttjt ttme ol Mlntioat It nOaat«i. <0 im King I'»»turei 8jrn&. CRYPTOQUH'8 8-2 8. yells 9. card gam* 10. electrified particlo 11. to the right! 16. legal term 18. headwear 20. thick board 21. rustic 22. glue 28. candid 24. discharge 25. journeys 27. glitter 80. objection 81. miniature fowls 83. unit of force 34. okin tumor 86. diminished 37. vessels 89. prod 40. jackdaw 41. metallic rock 42. neat 48. breach 44. epoca 47. note in (Wait DLP BAR BSS-BJWjy QDANL T/H- PK QAKHJHF QANWFKQJ8PT Yesterdays Ctyptoqulps C09MBTJQ COMPACT ACCOMPA- 1088 ON DATES Thr federal government filed n counter claim of $535,000 against John Griffiths & Son Co. for loss of contract for work on the locks here. The Griffiths company, original contractors, lost thp' contract when a series ot i'lvidents caused it to fnjl behind work schedule. The KngincorlMR Construction Corp. was awarded the re-advertised contract. Griffiths had filed a $-107.420 claim. Raymond Bruce, Chicago, director of (he National Moderation League, who had checked them in the county, reported that 80 per cent of the tavern keepers were sincerely trying to abide by the Illinois Liquor License Law. Chocks were for clear view from street into tavern, gambling, prostitution, snle of liquor to minors, and observance of closing hours. Architects retained by the Board ol Education and the building projects assigned to each under the proposed $500,000 school building program were: L. Pfeiffenberger's Sons, Irving; J. M. Maupin, McKlnley, gymnasium auditorium addition; D. D. Glover, Lincoln; Walter V. Wuellner and R. O. Deeter, first unit of a junior high school. Vote on the-$275,000 bond issue was scheduled for Aug. 6. Richard J. Lyons Republican candidate for United States Senator, had selected Alton as his headquarters while making public appearances in the area. At the Medora Barbecue; the Madison County Fair, and New Douglas', Bond, Madison, Montgomery, and Macounin County Old Settlers picnic. Miss Pansy Stafford had returned to Alton Memorial Hospital as medical librarian from DePaul University, where she received a bachelor of science degree. R. F. McConnell of Chicago, assistant general manager of sales for Standard Oil Co. of Indiana, was elected to the company's board of directors in charge of traffic. R. L. Stumpe, who lived on Rozier street at Wannamacher Lane at the westerly limits of the city, was erecting a residence with stone from a quarry on his property. Sam St. Clalr, 20, deckhand of Biaske Boat & Barge Co., drowned in the Mississippi River, six miles upstream from Cap auGris, when he fell into the river, while wheeling coal from a barge to the engine room. He was the son of Mrs. Charles Hunter, and brother of Knofel and William St. Clair. August 2 9 191.3 Directors of Godfrey School district had decided in provide n high school course for piipils of Ihelr district. Thoir immediate plans covered only n first ycnr lest. The course of study adopted was to be the snme as (lint for freshmen of Alton high school. This would make, it possible for pupils to be certified to Alton high school to continue their studies If Godfrey district wns tinnble to extend high school Instruction beyond the initlnl year. Despite the annoyance of insects, drmvn by the lights, and*n shaky platform, White Hussar Band gave a fine concert in Uncle Remus Park before the season's largest audience. Musicians treqtiently hnd Io use one hand to clear (lie sheets of music from flying bugs, and Director E. J. Kleinpeter complained that the vibration of Ihe bandstand blurred the notes so he could scarcely read the score. Bracing the band platform wns planned, but no way to eliminate the insects hud been devised. Leo Jones, a 13-year-old Telegraph carrier was robbed of $3.50 and left bound by an assailant who waylaid him on the Hop Hollow road near the Gissler place, west of North Alton. Lafayette Plumb, on his way homo from work, found the helpless boy find freed him. The money lost by Jones was his earnings ns a water boy for one of the Stone & Webster high tension line construction crews. James Strong, a half-brother of Jones, led a posse of neighbors and friends in a fruitless search of tha Hop Hollow area for the brother's assailant. James Boyd, a Wabash conductor, formerly of Godfrey, had suffered loss of on arm and other injuries in a railroad accident, and his mother, Mrs. Mollie Boyd of Godfrey, wns called to Peru, Ind., to attend him. The new Illinois semi-monthly pay law was now in effect, and was first noted in Alton when C&A Railroad employes here received checks Aug. 1 for the work period of July 1-16. The railroad men were notified they wouid be paid Aug. 15 for the last half of July. Alton again hnd a vinegar factory. It had been started by John D. Megowen who had just installed equipment for vinegar making at his enlarged building on Rodgers Avenue. The Allen-Scott Report Goldwater Fans Seeking Manager WASHINGTON — Senator Barry Goldwater's ardent supporters are eying two veteran Republican campaign leaders, with extensive experience in presidential battles, to take over the organization and management of his surging boom. Under consideration for this crucial job are Ray Bliss, Ohio chairman and national committeeman, who carried his state for Nixon in 1960 and elected Governor James Rhodes last year; and Leonard Hall, former national chairman and campaign manager for Governor Dewey and Nixon in their presidential races. Feelers are being put out to both. It is unlikely either will make an early decision. Basis of this significant backstage move is the growing feeling among Goldwater leaders that his soaring presidential prospects are reaching the point where two measures are becoming increasingly essential: (1) To centralize the constantly expanding activities in his behalf under one roof, and one experienced director; (2) take the Arizonan's campaign out of the regional or sectional category and give it national stature both in the party and the country at large. Much stress is now being placed on the latter point in inner Goldwater circles. In these quarters it is considered vital that no time be lost in making it unequivocally clear that Goldwater is a national candidate with strong backing in both par- lies in all sections of the country. For this purpose a campaign manager of national standing is deemed indispensable. Bliss or Hail fully meet this requirement. Hall, in addition to managing the Dewey and Nixon campaigns, served seven terms as a New New York Congressman. He was national chairman for four years under President Eisenhower, and has exceptional know-how in the national arena. Without Peer Bliss is rated as without peer as a political organizer and campaign manager. Ohio Republicans regard him so highly that he is paid $25,000 a year, plus unlimited expenses as state chairman. In addition, he has a very successful insurance business in Akron, his home town. An intimate of the late Senator Robert Taft, Bliss was in the forefront: of his presidential drives. Bliss has close personal contacts with GOP leaders in every state. Lieutenants of. Goldwater are saying that for the present he has no intention of doing anything about Governor Rockefeller's blast at the "radical right." These fusillades are viewed as the New Yorker's hectic efforts to Today's Prayer We thank Thee, O God, that Thou hast called us to play the part of physicians to sin-sick men. Thou has given us in the gospel and unfailing remedy for spiritual disease. Give us wisdom and common sense so that we may apply that remedy in the proper way. Help us to understand men and their needs. Make us familiar with their deepest cravings and longings. Make us acquainted with their ideals and highest aspirations. Help us to enter familiarly into their moods of depression and despair. And, when we know all these, may we ourselves be completely convinced that none but Christ can satisfy, and so many we be able to play our part as sould surgeons to others. Amen —A.A, Scott, Toronto, Ont. past- moderator, United Church of Canada. (© 1963 by the Division of ChrlaUan Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S, A.) keep himself in the forefront as a presidential aspirant. More such attacks are expected. Goldwater will ignore them and others aimed at him until he formally throws his hat into the ring. Until then, he is limiting himself strictly to "hoeing his own row." Hope Springs Eternal Governor Rockefeller appears bent on waging a last-ditch fight for the 1964 presidential nomination. If he goes through with plans being mapped out by his large campaign staff in Rockefeller Center, he will make a flying trip to Europe in September, tour 10 and possibly more states in the fall, and lay the groundwork for entering a number of primaries next spring. States slated to be visited by Rockefeller are Massachusetts, Virginia, West Virginia, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Idaho, Utah, California and Oregon. Other possibilities are Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska and Missouri. Still undecided is whether his second wife will accompany him. Personally, Rockefeller strongly favors that. He is convinced his wife is a big political asset. Although admittedly no longer the GOP front runner, the New York Governor continues to receive numerous speaking invitations. More than 300 have come in since his honeymoon. While Rockefeller privately still talks about running in New Hampshire's presidential primary in March, a recent poll made for him there showed him trailing Senator Goldwater. This closely- guarded poll would indicate that if Rockefeller does challenge Goldwater there, he is headed lor what could prove to be a fatal licking. (O HIGH, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Ky JOSKI'H WHITNEY quire a neurotic fear of any difference of opinion between their parents. The peace-at-any-price parents are usually insecure, unsure of their rights, or unable to defend them adequately. Normal quarreling is far better than sup- preHslon of feelings, assuming the C',%i parents control their actions within civilized limits. J)o iiwrriago counselor ever advise divorce? Answer: Occasionally they do, but most of them hope to avoid this drastic move. Many belfeve that divorce is not a cure f o r what usually ails marriage couples. Of course there are dissenters. In the Midwest, sociologist Or. E. E. LeMasters reported a study of several hundred couples who hnve stayed together upon the advice o( counselors. After 10 years, Are colors tilwtiVM \vlrn I duty Should iwnmtti avoid i|uurrt>U btiforw children? Answer: No. Alexander Kioto says in Natural History that colors are not determined by a color-causing substance, but by physical structure, "There are no blue pigments in the sky or In the leathers of blue jays," said the re. port, instead there are minute structures that, by purely physical means, c hung e the wuve 4n«wpr: At times, yes; but not lengths of the prevailing light in- 75 per cent showed evidence of simply to preserve an outward to the particular wave length* disorganization, alcoholism, job semblance of harmony. Children emit. Since these are in the blue troubles and psychosomatic ill- seme the undercurrents ol aim- end of the spectrum, they look nesses, mering tempers and often ac- blue, (o IMS, Kim Fcatum, 6y&4', Ing,) '