ALTON EVENlMd Fourth of Series EDITOR'S NOTE-ln a tJoten- tlally powerful weapon In his fight against segregation, the Negro is enthusiastically taking part today In a massive vote registration campaign. As the number grows, the political leverage of the Negro .increases. Fourth in a specialized* series of articles by The Associated" Press btt the racial cri- By ftteLMAN MOWN ^WSKEOEE, Ala. (AP) - the Negro woman says she is 50 years old and wants to register to vote, She doesn't kri'ow the procedure, never having done it, In the offices of the Tuskegee Civic Association, a Negro organization, they give her a sample copy of ihe Alabama registration form. Slowly, studying it line by line, she fills in the form. A TCA official finds some, minor errors but otherwise, he says, the papers are in order. He tells here where, and on which days, she can file a real application. If it is accepted, she will be a registered voter. A reporter questions her. She says, simply: "I just want to become a citizen of our country. Being registered will make me a full citizen." This scene—with its immense potentialities for the Negro movement—is being re-enacted in hundreds of cities in the South today. It is the result of the voter-registration drive. Throughout the South, Negro organizations are working to register more of their people, thousands of men and women who never voted" before. As the number grows, the political leverage of the Negro increases. Here, potentially, is a powerful weapon in his fight against segregation. The drive moves through many channels. The woman in Tuskegne may have decided to try to registei after hearing a constantly repeat ed radio appeal, attending a meet ing, or simply receiving a hand bill. Elsewhere, Negro workers can vass a residential district on reg istration days, ringing doorbells If the housewife isn't registered they urge her to go to the court house immediately. If she has no transportation, they provide it. I: she says she can't leave her chil dren, they offer to baby-sit. Another device is the "voter clinic." This is a meeting in which Negro instructors show would-be applicants the technicalities ol registering, how to correctly fil out the forms. In Tuskegee alone during the month of June, there were 19 such "clinics." And there is the famous Ala bama mule. He walks through the streets of Huntsville, carrying a sandwich billboard. The sigi reads, "I'm not registered because I'm a mule. What's your excuse?' Speaking of the voter registration drives, Bishop George W. Baber of the African Methodist Epis- THE CHILDREN'S SHOP SELLING 0 ENTIRE SUMMER STOCK Boys' and Girls' Short Sets Boxer Shorts ... fc for 2 for ^ I *l Boys' and Girls' I/ Swim Suits /2 72 Price Boys' and Girls' Pajamas iSi KEDS • • i to 12 Many Other Items Too Numerous To Mention 112 W. THIRD ST.—DOWNTOWN ALTON "A Fashion Store for CAi/dren" copal Church said: Campaign "The objectives of the campaign would be accomplished substan Mall; 1 by registering add voting every single, eligible voter within sight or hearing of our membership. Our goal is a minimum ol two million new Negro voters, North and South." The movement Is steady and seems to be gaining momentum. What are the results? Exact figures for the South as a whole are not complete. However, the Department of Justice nnd tile Southern Regional Council's "voter education project" pinpoint the changes In some specific areas. In Tennessee's Haywood and Fayette Counties, a Justice De partment official said, Negro registration has jumped from 150 to about 5,000 in five years. Bullock County. Ala., had four Negro voters on the rolls in 1961, he said. Now the figure is 1,341. In the city of Montgomery, the rate of registration of Negroes used to be about 200 a year. Now it is about 200 per month, he said. Statistics on 11 Southern states, compiled by the Southern Region al Council, indicate that about one- fourth of the Negroes of voting age are' registered. The'figures show a total of 5,045,000, of whom 1,344,000 are registered. Wiley Branton, an SRC executive, said the figures are incomplete, some counties being as yet untabulated. Comparable figures for the white voting population in these states show 17,539,000, of whom 10,566,000 are registered. Especially in areas where Ne;roes outnumber the whites— sometimes by as much as five to one — many devices have been used to keep political power in the hands of the whites. Registration boards met irregularly and at widely spaced intervals. They worked slowly, and :hen quit for the day, while Ne- jroes were still waiting in line to file applications. Or they rejected applications on technical grounds. For example, on March 17, 1961, after a long legal battle, a federal court in Alabama ruled on a awsuit involving Macon County. The judge wrote in his memorandum that: "18 applicants, more than half of whom had college or advanced de- Tees, were rejected for such inconsequential, formal, technical mistakes." mistakes." He ordered the board to register 64 Negroes and to give priority attention to 400 applicants on the waiting list. Similarly, in testimony before the House Judiciary Committee, Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy said: In one county, Negroes have been required to copy and interpret long, archaic sections of the state constitution, and then have seen rejected for omissions of junctuation. Whites, meanwhile rave been asked to copy such sim- Vote pie provisions as, There shall be no imprisonment for debt.' " Mississippi's Gov. Ross Barnett, ascribed the small number of reg istered Negroes in his state to other causes. In a copyrighted interview with U.S. News and World Report," he said: "The primary reasons for the fewer Negro voters include illiteracy, apathy, and the law requir ing payment of a poll tax. So many Negroes are not qualified to vote." As Negro voting strength increases, what are the political implications for a candidate for public office in the South? There have been indications already—although it is difficult to say svith certainty—that the Ne gro vote tipped the balance in certain elections. Some residents of Birmingham, Ala., for example, say Negro ballots ousted T. Eugene (Bull) Connor from the city government. Others are not so sure. In any case, the thousands of new Negro votes can be expected today to go to the man with "moderate" views on segregation and against the candidate running on a program of strict "white supremacy." In a close election, this could spell the difference. NEXT: THE ECONOMIC Effects Christian Aiders To Meet at Shipman SHIPMAN—The Christian Aid- ers will meet Monday at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Emmett Hall. The lesson will be* given by Mrs. Laverne Vanausdall. Hostesses will be Mrs. C. 0. Matlack, Mrs. Marshall Halliday and Miss Margaret Salzman. Scott Hctniion at Aug. 11 SMIPMAN — Descendants 6f the late A. M. and Delia Morris Scott will have a family reunion Sunday, Aug. 11, at Shipman Community Park. A potluck dlft nor will be served at noon. Shlptnnn Notes SHIPMAN — Mrs. Lewis My ers accompanied the Charles Livingston family of Rosewood Heights to New Mexico for a vacation. Mr. and Mrs. Ronald Hewitt and son of Buda are visiting Mr and Mrs. Otto Meyers. Mrs. Chloa Leffler of Marion and Mrs. Lura Conant of Sparta are visiting the Delbert Lister family. Miss Ann Hamilton of Carterville is a guest of Mr. and Mrs, Dewey Paynter. Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Wiegand Mr. and Mrs. George Griffen, Mr. and Mrs. Verne Bennett and Mr. and Mrs. Charles Sanders of Alton visited friends in Shipman on Tuesday. Carrollton Pastor Wife 011 Vacation CARROLLTON—The Rev. and Mrs. Roger Christiansen of the Methodist Church will be on vacation from Aug. 5 through Aug. 15. They will visit the Rev. Christiansen's parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Christiansen in Minneapolis, and attend a reunion of the Tomalc family Aug. 10 in Minneapolis. During the absence of the Rev. Christiansen ,the Rev. Darwin Rolens, pastor of the First Bap list Church, will have charge ol the worship service Aug. 11 at 10 a.m. Hymn of the Month HUDSON, Ohio (£>) • — The 'hymn of the month" is the Rev. .Forrest York's method of acquainting members of Hudson Congregational Church with unfamiliar hymns. It's played the first week as an organ prelude, next as an offertory, sung by the choir the third week, the following Sunday the congregation sings it. Conducted For Cttrrollton Crash Victims CAftttOLLTON-Fuhernl serv Ices for Offtn Eugene Varbie who was killed in a motorcycle accident Sunday, were conducted Wednesday at 1 p.m. in Our Redeemer Lutheran Church by the pasto*r, the Rev. Klefh Gerber ding. Pallbearers were John Schel fel, Gary Barnard, Ira Dotson Jr., John Huff, Robert Shaw am Gary Shaw. Burial was in the Carrollton cemetery. The funeral of Rahdol! Wayne Hurt, \vho was killed Sunday in the same accident, was conduct ed Wednesday at 3 p.m. at Men Funeral Home by the Rev. B H. Cummings. Pallbearers were Tom Shaw Robert Nolen, Jerry King, Bry ant Trlbble, James Dptson ant James Williams. Burial was ir Fermvood Cemetery in Rood house. Seriously Injured CARROLLTON—Mr. and Mrs Ben King have received word oi the serious injury of their grand son, Thomas Meredith, 13, sor of Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Mcreditl of Lakcwood, 0. The youth nnc his sister were attending a YMCA camp and were hayrid ing. Meredith got off the wagoi and was running along side whci he tripped and fell against the wheel and both arms were caught in the wheel dnd the flesh torn from both tcrsucli an exten that amputation was feared foi a time, but it is thought now tha> with a series of operations boti arms will be healed'. The boy is in the Lakewood Hospital. Hi? mother is the former Adeline King of this city. Honored on Birthday CARROLLTON—Mrs. Dorothy Brock of this city, who celebrat ed her birthday Wednesday, was honored twice on that day. She is employed in the office o County Clerk Richard McLane and the county officials and em ployes honored her during the coffee hour Wednesday morn ing. Wednesday evening the members of her family were hel and they ttere Mf, find Mrs. Bert Frasef oi White Mali, Mr. afid Mrs. Hal Brock'ftfid Son of Jacksonville, Mr. and Mrs. George Jeffrey and sofi and Mr. tf Mrs. Gale Brock and family §! ftarroliton, . Ivn Mflfdwlck of CarrolHofl was ad- ttissdny to Boyd Memo- ,-lni Hospitn! ns n medical patient. Admitted Wednesday «l a medical phtlent wns Miss Bat- barn Schnellen fifCatrellton. VETERANS LINOLEUM & RUS - - Downtown Wood River DuPont's LUCITEf PAINT OUTSIDE WHITE HOUSE PAINT Rsg. $8.55 6«l. Onl, WALL PAINT Reg, $7,50 ©el, 5 PLASTIC WALL TILE All Colors—i'ttsto. inul Trim Avnllnblo * * II ' Sells for 20c Sq-. Ft. C EACH or lOo Sq. Ft. ;[ * ! 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