Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on July 22, 1963 · Page 4
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July 22, 1963

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Alton, Illinois
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Monday, July 22, 1963
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ALTON Editorial Sen. Goldwater Reminds Us Senator Barry Gdldwater tmy well have put himself into the lead in the national presidential maneuvering with his suggestion of a railroad regulation bill Aimed at heading off "the forthcoming transportation strike. r 'Sen. Goldwatcr would place in effect Against railroad featherbcdding principles long .followed in legislation effecting other industries* ' Both the Taft'Hartley and the Lea acts prohibit coerced employment beyond the fieed to get the job done. The Lea act was adopted by Congress in .1346 in connection with the American Federation of Musicians efforts to require radio stations to hire stand-in musicians. • rationally observers of the railway difficulties nave been reticent to support compulsory" arbitration as a remedy for the threatened strike, Understandably both labor and management agree on one thing — that compulsory arbitration would be highly objectionable. It would mean virtually the end of anything like free labor-management negotiations and could well lead to positive rather than preventive government control or all bargaining. Yet compulsory arbitration has been vir- * * tilally the only conception given general circulation as a remedy for difficulties surrounding the railroad strike. l>crhaps the pressure for it grew out of public indignation against such other major labor-management discomforts as the New York newspaper strike. At any rate, the Arizona Senator's helpful — though far from original — suggestion could well put him in the forefront of public figures who have pracical proposals to substitute for radical plans. Meanwhile, Gov. Rockefeller of New York is doing his share of pushing into the national picture via the civil rights route with his declared opposition to a rule being suggested strongly for revival in the National Governor's Conference. The rule whose revival he opposes would require a unanimous vote of the conference either to consider or adopt any resolution not recommended by the resolutions committee. Obviously it would be out of the question to get any actions through the conference on the civil rights issue if a unanimous vote were required. Overdue Look at Parking Meters Parking meters in the retail districts have been under public discussion for some time. Merchants, themselves at times have indicated a distaste for them — evidently unfamiliar with the conditions that brought them about, or under the conception that such conditions have changed or are overbalanced by others. The long, hard look the City Council committee lias called on them to take at the problem is long overdue. And reaction of Upper Alton businessmen is significant. The city government should not be called upon continuously to be the scapegoat for regulations as critical as parking meters have come to be. , . The meters were installed originally for the.-benefit and at request of the merchants, as well as for the public which does its shopping—• and parking — in the areas where they are enforced. Moreover, merchants not only are installing their own privately operated offstreet pay parking lots, but are asking the city to install more metered lots in some areas. Existing parking meter installations would be a critical factor in operation of these off- street facilities; especially if the city must finance additional metered offstreet lots. Moreover, the income from the existing parking meters has been decreasing steadily, both last year and this. "What are the factors here? Do they include .greater use of the offstreet lots? Less patronage of the business areas where they are located resulting from the move to outlying shopping centers where parking is free? Incidentally, parking of employes, store owners, and professional tenants in these competing shopping centers is usually closely controlled by agreement. Could downtown and Upper Alton merchants exert this same type of control over their employes, and would other tenants be willing to exert the same type of control over themselves to keep the curbs clear for public parking? Otherwise, the district would be worse off by far without meters than with them, in the area of public relations. All these factors and others should be given a long, close look by both business people and city council, and the public should be well informed of their thoughts and conclusions. Otherwise we will be headed for more of the same old misguided discussion pro and con for years. * * » * » Zoning Limbers Up News that the county board already has approved 14 changes in classifications should provide needed contradiction to the picture being painted of the zoning ordinance as an unbending cataclysmic straitjacket for property owners. Spokesmen for the zoning control administration have pointed out that the regulations need a chance to get themselves adjusted to actual needs in the county. As adopted, the ordinance was based on an engineering survey : of; the county modified by suggestions for changes.mare at public hearings. However, the very critics of the present ordinance who want to get it scotched were extremely busy during these public hearings reducing them to a combination of chaos and bedlam. Little, if any, reasonable business could be accomplished as a result. It would be no wonder, then, if the ordinance as adopted would be missing many suggestion for revisions in classifications which could have been made at reasonably conducted hearings. Yet, we can depend upon the opponents to make use of the very weaknesses which • they, themselves, caused to prove '. injustice of the ordinance. The enforcement machinery is now moving fast to adjust whatever shortcomings resulted from the hearing "takeovers." Drew Pearson's Merry-Go-Round What Is Socialism? What Isn't? WASHINGTON — The almost certain railroad strike and recent hearings before the Joint Congressional Atomic Energy Committee have focused attention on the question of government subsidies and the question of what is Socialism. The issue in the railroad debate is whether the railroads shall have to continue what amounts to subsidies to labor for work which the railroads don't need. This in the past has been called Socialism. It's perfectly understandable that the railroad brotherhoods don't want to see 65,000 of their members thrown out of work. You can't blame them, but it's also understandable that the railroads, which are not subsidized, can't afford this financial drain. But the paradoxical and lliltle- known fact is that Republican leaders on Capitol Hill who yell the loudest about Socialism are the ones who now encourage what was once considered Socialism. At least they want to call it by an other name. Here are two interesting events earch development that were pro- I u c e d during wartime, for vartime purposes? Do you con- jder that to be an unusual diver- ion of public funds to let private ndustry use that information?" pursued the rock-ribbed Senator to illustrate: Event No. 1 — In backstage party councils, Sen. Ev Dirksen the charming Republican leader from Illinois, is standing up for the brotherhoods. He says it wil take quite a time to pass a rail road arbitration act. Other GOP- ers have suddenly become favor able lo the subsidy which tht railroads are paying to labor. Event No. 2 — Occurred in joint atomic hearing and found Sen. Bourke Hickenlooper, the stalwart Iowa Republican, carry |ng the ball lor subsidies and Socialism, Subsidies are not Socialism? "Let me ask you this," he said of AEG commissioner James T Ramey, "the private enterprise jsysteni is eligible to use the les sons learned (n the Manhattan district and in the development o fission and fusion by the govern ment, JsltTOtV" ilr," replied Ramey. "Do you consider that to be an u«(alr ar unusual donation to pri vute ,en,tefprise; that they are permitted to use the lessons of re. replied Ramey, "that rom Iowa. No sir," s part of our method of opera- ion. That is our system." , "The only point I am trying to make, and see if you agree with me or not," continued Hicken- ooper, "is thai this proposal for :ertain advancement of research and development, paid for in part >y the federal government, is not new in our whole economy." Ramey: "No sir." Unfair Tax Drain What Hickenlooper was trying ,o do was answer questions raised in this column and by oil, coal and gas 'interests, that $40,000,000 of government subsidies par- celled out to the utililies lo build atomic reactors conslituted an unfair drain on Ihe taxpayers in the coal and oil areas. The Congressional Atomic Energy Committee was considering a $13,195,000 subsidy to the Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Co., for a reactor at Haddam Neck, one of the most beautiful spots on the Connecticut River. Alton Evening Telegraph Published Dally by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P B. COUSLEY, Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY. Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mall $12 R year In Illinois and Missouri, $18 In all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery is available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited In this paper and to the local newt pub fished herein. MEMBER. THE AUDIT BUREAU " u - mp4 0F CIRCULATION LOCK) Advertising Rates and Con tract Information qn application .a; the roadwuv. Alton. 1». National sing Representatives: The m" company. Niw Yor Detroit and St. fcQuli It was also considering a reactor at Malibu Beach on the country estate owned by Bob Hope, 'near one of the famous bathing beaches o£ Southern Cali- 'crnia. This plant is to get a $16,200,000 subsidy, according to the plan which cohs-orvative Sen iickenlooper favored. Another subsidy will be doled out to Southern California Edison and San Diego Gas and Electric or $13,022,000. Sen. Hickenloopei lot only favors this, but he anc Us GOP colleagues voted to lease 90 acres of the Marine Corps famous base at Camp Pendleton ;o the utility companies for this ;eactor for 50 years. JFK's Stumbling Block If President Kennedy gets more of his legislation blocked in I h e House Rules Commiltee nexl yeai 10 will have only his fellow Bos Ionian, fellow Democrat, Speakei John McCormack to blame. The speaker is insisting that Rep. Johr Young, a Texas conservative, replace Rep. Homer Thornberry o] .he Rules Committee when Thorn' oerry resigns his seat to become a federal judge. Inside fact is lhat Young ha* privately assured McCormack lhat the will not oppose key ad ministration bills no\v before Congress — including civil rights and medicare for the aged — if he is assigned lo Ihe Rules Commillee. But politicians can forget and this hasn't satisfied such liberals as Reps. Chet Holifield (Calif.), John Brademus (Ind.), John Blatnik (Minn.) and Frank Thompson (N.J.). They have reminded the speaker that he (Mc- C o r m a c k) supported Southern conservatives for vacancies on Iwo other committees —Ways and Means and the District of Columbia Group; and that though young has been a moderate Kennedy supporter this year, he voted with the Republican-Dixiecrat coalition against Kennedy about 60 per cent of the time in 1959-60, Young, they added, also voted against the civil rights bills of 1957 and I960. "Let's talk about the present," retorted McCormack. "I am as- ured that John Young will be with us on the important bills. Texas is a, big state that will be critical id Lamence U. S. Fiscal Policy Needs Conscience WASHINGTON — tn these days when spokesmen for the adrrtlnis- tralion are piously stressing "reminders of conscience" nnd "moral issues" in the "equal rights" crusade, It may be wondered why those symbols of national behav- or don't seem to apply also to the fiscal p o 11 c y of the govern ment. It might be assumed that It's all right to spshd the total revenues taken from the citlzetis during the year and then to borrow still more and spend It, thus in creasing an already record-brnak- ing debt. If the citizen were to conduct ills affairs by that code, could lie, too, plead that just a few years ngo somebody else spent as much, if not mor?, and never paid off a dollar of debt? In the parlance of the day, it lias become a fad to denounce anyone who wants to balance the budget as some kind of "reactionary" or "right winger." If the argument is offered that a "con- ervative" is a fellow who wants to conserve his savings and his properly, the relort usually is that this is the "obsolele" and unsophisticated doctrine of a past generation. If fears are expressed, moreover, about the future value of the dollar — that il may buy less when it is taken out of the savings banks then when it was put in there, the answer given is that the "national welfare" demands such confiscation. Facts Needed -i In the face of such euphemistic arguments, it is in the public interest for attention lo be called o some salient facls which President Kennedy failed to make clear in his recent summary of the nation's finances for the fiscal year which ended June 30. The President said that last January his budget experts estimated that the fiscal year 1963 would show a deficit of. $8.8 bil- ion, but he added that it now s only $6,2 billion. This drop of S2.6 billion is supposed to bring sighs of relief, since it is pointed out that $1.7 billion of this decrease has been made possible by a cut in federal spending and that i'900 million more than expected came in from tax receipts, sales of'assets and other payments to the government since the January estimate was made. Now $900 million isn't the only ncrease in revenues. For, actual- y, the total receipts ol the government in the fiscal year 1963 went up $5 billion above the 1962 figure. Of this sum $3 billion was contributed by tax money. But all of this was eaten up in government spending just the same, and the budget was still left unbalanced with a deficit of $6.2 bil- ion. How can any institution remain in good health, fiscally speaking if it'uses up all of its increased receipts each year to pay current expenses and insure also even a bigger deficit which requires :he borrowing of still more money? Any thought of reducing the public debt, moreover, seems to lave been abandoned altogether. Yet this dilemma, which has gone unresolved for many years, doesn't appear to bother most of t h e politicians in Washington. They point out that it must be all right because in the peacetime years since World War II there has been a deficit every year with few exceptions and there is still enough unborrowed billions to send a man to the moon. Not Overnight But the important fact to bear in mind is lhat fiscal unsoundness doesn't always reach its climax overnight and that, when the climax does come, it is too late to restore confidence. The President, after surveying his own figures — showing that the current deficit isn't as bad as last January's estimate — finds comfort in a budget of $92.6 billion because il isn't as high as the $94.3 billion estimated last January. Yet the federal budget was $87.8 billion just 12 month: THE LITTLE WOMAN 6 land tatottt ar*tlaU. tne. 1M>. Wa-M riirtiU <«.tmd. "I'm beginning to wonder what this car is doing to your personality." Readers Forum All They Needed to do... "What do you want — nuclear war?" is the stick used lo silence everyone who asks for firm anti-Communist action. It is not true that our choice is between nuclear war and "coex- slence." We should set our sights on the .bird alternative: Victory over Communism. Here are a few of the many weapons we could use to defeat he Communists without war. 1) Diplomatic Recognition. The Communists use their embassies and consulates in the U.S. as cen- :ers of espionage, subversion and propaganda. The Reds use the un- aroken seal of the diplomatic pouch to transmit orders to spies and couriers, and to receive''back our diplomatic and scientific secrets. Diplomatic recognition was the weapon which couW have stopped the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961. All our State Department needed to do was to announce to the Reds: "If you close :he door between East and West Berlin we close the door of your embassy in Washington." Diplomatic recognition was the weapon which could have given -lungary its freedom. Most authorities agree that if the U.S. had ;ranted recognition to the Freedom Fighters during the week hey had control of Budapest, Khrushchev would not have dared to send in his troops. 2) The Captive Nations. The best anti-Communists ia the world are the 23 captive'nations, behind tie Iron Curtain. Theses "secret allies" are a mighty weapon." Khrushchev unwittingly revealed this when he complained mo r e about the Captive Nations Resolution passed by Congress in July L959 than he ever did about our Polaris and other nuclear weapons. Past opportunities to make use of ,this best weapon were muffed during the Hungarian, Polish' and East German rebellions because we have no plan of action. 3) Trade. The weakest link in ago Why — in the fiscal year 1962. couldn't the United States government have gotten along in 1963 with that big budget of $87.8 billion? How en a reduction in tax rates now be considered sound finance? Even if business is stim- u 1 a f e d and tax receipts should grow in volume next year, why should the government's expenses go up just the same? These are the simple questions that are left unanswered today ii the "moral" atmosphere of the national capitol where the peach- ers of "equal rights" and "equa' protection of the law" show no signs of becoming conscience- stricken over the age-old principle that it's wrong "to rob Peter to pay Paul." «D 1963. N.Y, Herald-Tribune. Inc.) for the Democrats in the 196 election. Also, the Texas delegation in the House numbers 21 Democrats and always has had < man on the Rules Committee." "Yes, Young may support lib eral legislation bejore the rules group this session and maybe the next session, out how do you know he will rtay hitched?" disputed HollflelU. "Ills past voting record gives us little hope thai he will. Why tuko n chance on him? Why not appoint a real libeial to the commutes?" (© 1W3. Bell Syndicate, inc.) Communism is its economic sys tem. The economic failure of Communism is apparent everywhere from Ihe meat and housing shortages in Russia, to the man-madi famine in Red China, to the ra tion in Cuba. Shaky Red regimes are shored up by massive help from the U.S. in the form of trade, direct aid to Communis governments, and aid funnelled through the UN. 4) Foreign Aid. When Prime Minister Pitt and the Duke o: Wellington were fighting Napol eonism, they gave foreign aid to countries which would fight, sue! as Spain and Prussia, and refus ed foreign aid to countries which were neutral such at Holland, Bel gium and Italy. The English for mula proved to be a most sue cessful one. 5) The* Monroe Doctrine Throughout the 19th century, the Monroe Doctrine was effectively used as an instrument to preven any attempts by the Europeai powers "to extend their system to any portion of this hemi sphere." For 140 years this great statement of America policy brough not war, but peace. Today it would give us a peaceful solution to the problem of Red Cuba. An em bargo or blockade of just om item, petroleum, would topple Communism in Cuba in six months. 7), Obvious Military .and Nu clear -Superiority. Communists attack only when they are sure they can win a quick and cheap victory. Stalin attacked Poland Finland and later Japan only whei quick victory was certain. George Washington gave -sage advice when he said: "If we desire to secure peace... it •• must be known that we are all times ready for war." : We must reject the theories o: the "accommodation" advocate in the State Department who pro pose nuclear parity with the So viets. The' best deterrent is tc CROSSWORD By Eugene Sheffer 2<r 4-1 47 49 21 38 17 47. 4-6 23 40 \<0 '34- 51 3o 44 10 31 44. HORIZONTAL 1. spoken 6. animal's foot 8, performs 12. Pacific Coast island 14. wild pulm 16. U. S. citizen 10, drinks slowly 17. writing fluid 18. apricots, etc. 20. Eskimo boat. 23. river dam 24. the dill 25. land cultivator* 28. ocean 20. stories 30. mimic 32. wrenched forcibly 84. seed covering 85, small rugs 36. genus of grasses 37. austere 40. macaw 41. Arab, chieftain 42. not positive 47. food fish 48. rivaled 49. run away 50. owing 51. noise of surf on shore VERTICAL 1. South American wood sorrel 2. male sheep 3. consulted 4.lasso 5. choose 6. miscellany 7. strayed 8. to confirm 9. paper fastener 10, European shark 11. eoap-framt bar 13. to connect 19. edges 20. Dutch cupboard Answer to Saturday's puzzle. aiiaa HHGS eaaa a an! "sna isaraa 7--Z2. 21. over again 22. period of tune 23. wheali) 25. made plump 26. unusual 27. whirl 29. former Russian ruler 81. Guido'i highest note ; . 83. come into view 1 34. incarnation 36. Russian inland sen 37. ego 38. man's name 39. climbing plant 40. chilli and 43, Australian bird 44. Japanese Av»ra(« «»• «l lolutluni if mtaulH. (C 1W3, Klofr J"wtur« 8yn<J... IM.) (abbr.) 46. Nether* land* communf Z J W W P M « R S3 q 2 » P 8 M B ft XQ88B EJM U3R8H, WARD TO JK8PBOT PI3£5P 8EJORET8. ,^> 25 and 50 Years Ago . W. W. BilHflgs, eeunly d by special deputy coroners, toured Madison county taverns to detect any vtotatlbns of liquor regulations. Charging'ft law qfforcc- meftt break-down, Dr. Billings performed Ills tnsk under the Illinois Revised Statutes "conservator of te pence" clause which provides that "Each coroner shall be conservator ot thd peace in ills county, and, Irt the performance of his duties as such, shall have the same powers as the sheriff." A young boy and two women robbed attendants and customers of the Johnson Service Station in East Alton of $60 plus 10 gallons of gas. A low bid of $165,000 for $.8? miles of the GUtesple-Lltchfleld Highway construction had been submitted by Fleming & Kllgo Co. Donald M. Buckley of EdwafdsVille was named third vice president of the Illinois Young Republican Organization. The town-square pump at Greenfield wns rendered Inoperative under an order from the Illinois State Health Department. Lloyd Wilson and a companion were robbed and left stranded by a bandit who took Wilson's car, after forcing him to drive near Hartford. Temporary officers of the/East Alton-Wood River Community High School Music Club were Richard Lyon, president; Donald Pong, vice president; Elinor Borgstedt, secretary; and Jane Harrod, treasurer. For the second time in Its operational period, Carlinville Civilian Conservation Camp had been selected as the best all-around camp In the state. ^ Ted Moore i won the midget auto races at Alton Ipeedway. " Rex Hogan was soloist with Alton Municipal Band In Its weekly park concerts which Included "The Tatler" march by Alton composer. Jim Ma'ck.^ ' ' ' Jesse Balla'stroz of Wyss street identified markings on a pet Wow held at Alton police station by boys who hadj found it on Royal street alter it •had^b'eenVfrightened away from its home. ' ?.,...':,.' ••" Mr. and Mrs. Paul Aderton of Hardin gave the Hardin Boy* Scouts a cabin located on their farm on a bluff overlooking the Illinois river. 3. M. Rytle of MM Aten If* *** miifft was riftuM ******* <** Burlington Way «*• «*»««*» <* in Gwenfleld. the new route «M to from Burlington, ta., to St. LmiU by W ol. Beardstown, Jacksonville, White Bill, OMW- ( field. Medora, and Alton. Mike Dalvoda, ft supervising bricklayer at •the Standard Oil Co. wflnfly, wccumbed »d • injuric* incurred in an 8-foot fall from a fold from which masonry work for new pressure stills was in progress, "^ had continued at work Instructing bricklayer nelpfilfl, but, at close of his work day, became Unddn- scions and died four hours later. Carpenters had completed an annex to union depotr and the baggage room was shifted t» Its new quarters here 89 w6rk on renovation Of the main building could proceed, /•' ,' The portion of the former Northslde ball park, left after sale of an acre .as a site for the new Dolmnr school, was to be platted Into residential building lots, It was announced by the owner, Ig Waller. The land was In Godfrey township, north ot Delmnr Avenue, now open from State to Alby Street. Linemen of Plnsa Light & Power Co. worked until midnight to complete the placing of first 100 new high candlepower "flaming arc" street lights. As the new lights were turned on, start- Ing at 10 p.m., many householders were startled by Ihe brilliant rays entering their bedrooms and went to the street to investigate. . . Publicity' given to alleged,health-giving qualities of buttermilk had greatly increased Its sales here, dairy owners reported. It was being sold at lunch stands', drug store soda fountain^, ^ and even bad come into demand at saloon^ a. newspaper survey revealed. "• e ...•-,Start of construction on Alton state hospital was stillfar in the future, 'but the state was^ mindful of its duties-to maintain prbpertler in the hospital tract which it had leased temporarily to farmer tenants. The big silo at the W. H. Cartwright farm had been found in hazardous condition, and, on a report from its agent, D. A. Wyckoff, the state hoard's agent, was able to gel immediate authorization to have it repaired. James Shattuck of Upper Alton was given the repair contract. The Allen-Scott Report Was Thresher Hull Inadequate' WASHINGTON — Admiral; Hyman Rickoyer, father of the, nuclear-powered submarine,' will be the lead-off witness in the Joint Atomic Committee's public investigation of the- Thresher, disaster. Admiral Rickover, who testified secretly at the Navy's Court of Inquiry, \will >be asked to put on the record -his critical views of the Navy's hull construction con- cepts'for the. Thresher and other submarines--of the select huntei'- kiiler class'. '" Before the Navy Court of Inquiry and 1 in private discussions with Joint' Comfnitteemen, Rick- over has pulled no' punches in chiding the Navy for failing to develop a powerful. hull for these high-s p e e d, deep-diving nuclear craft. , While saying he is in no position to judge the cause of the Thresher's sinking, Rickover stressed his repeated warning to Navy authorities that Thresher- class submarines' were being equipped with nuclear engines capable of producing much greater power and speed than their hulls could tolerate under extreme stress. "Rickover pictured the problem as comparable, to fitting a Model T car with 'a modern fuel injection engine," explained one committeeman after discussing loss of the Thresher with the Navy's chief nuclear scientist. "He said the Navy hdd -a high- performance submarine in the Thresher, but one whose metal- sheeted hull was not radically different from conventionally- powered submarines that operate at less than half the speed and depth." It is authoritatively understood that Rickover was unable to gel make it obvious to every Communist, that we Will/win any war. ' PH.YLLIS SCHLAFLY Fairmount Addition the Navy's Bureau of Ships to undertake the research and development necessary to improve the hulls, despite numerous direct appeals he made to high Navy officials. Red Time-Bomb There was one hair-raising moment at the opening of the nuclear test ban talks in Moscow—despite the outward show of cordiality and harmony. i The tense incident occurred when Premier Khrushchev blandly proposed that Red China and India be invited to send "observers" to the tightly guarded negotiations. This move, which hit Averell Harriman like an fttom.bomb, was immediately relayed-to-President Kennedy. Within 24 hours, the ^President cabled instructions to Harriman to make a counter-proposal that the question of "observers" be postponed for later consideration. For the present, the President held, the delibeuitions should be limited to the U.S., Britain and Russia. Later, after tangible pro-, gress has beeivmade, olher/coun- tries might be included as "observers" or actual participants. Khrushchev, who had hitited he might take it upon himself to Include Red China and India, finally agreed to 'the President's 1 Today's Prayer We come to Thee this day, 0 Lord, Who art a very present help in trouble. Deliver us from anxieties and disablingJears that burden and imprison 'us — fear of the unknown. Amid all of life's uncertainties and perils may we remember that the future belongs to Thee as the past has been Thine. Garrison our hearts with the knowledge that "a mighty fortress is our God." In the tests of tomorrow mtiy the memory of today strengthen /and encourage us. So shall we bravely face whal- ever comes. We offer Ihis prayer in the spirit of Christ. Amen. —John Sutherland Bonnell, N.Y. C., minister-emeritus, . Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church. (€> 1063 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S, A.) stand. In seeking lo bring in "observers;!! Khrushchev these told Harriman that^a.pstiban.' accord between t'li e'VU.S., Britain i;"-! 1 Russia ,}i\y;ould 'i>be . i'meaningjess" unless India and Communist 'China were : jncjuded. :i Th.e -Kreiijiin ruler argued .that. by 1 making them 'observers" at the Moscow paisley, the way would be opened for them to later participate in a tes^ ban '! covering all, natiph,s l 'capab}e of producing nuclea'r weapons. Pentagon. advisers ot the Pros?. ident.' pointed! out to him the significant fact that a high-powere^ Red Chinese delegation already" was in Moscow when Khrushchev pulled his surprise move, This Peking 'group was conducting discussion's with top Kremlin leaders in 'the bitter ideological feud be) ween the two Communist , powers. The Pentagon Authorities expressed the belief thtjt there was a .direct .connection between,. this' jnner Cp'rrununlsl' struggle ' and Khrushchev's 'attempt to in : : elude the Chinese: pommunists aft "observers' 1 at' the ; nuclear test ban deliberations^ .•,.*, , • In. other words,, he was trying lo use lhal as, a^pil in his acrimonious wrangling' with ^Peking.': • The. Pentagon; officials' also noted that y,S. ; acceptance of the Red Chinese as "observers" could have'' prpvided them with a bash} for claiming recognition ' by th'e U.S. -.,•",-, .;• ; ; (O 1DQ3. Tho Hall Syndicate, Inc.)/' EDINBURGH U./Several Scotch, scientists have .announced' their conclusion th^t ; human -brain power has reached its peak and' is on the way down. MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOWiti WHITNEY * '•'•'!' al traits that ropcl us rather than their beliefs, because we sense that their Interest is In personal,' victory jqther than victory for" their ideals. The fanatic identifies lilmsejf so cornpjolely with his cause that he becomes his own idol, : and .^anyone who opposes s what» he stands for immediately becomes his deadly personal ene. my. Do men dislike tilactcR on wonion? Answer: men «are p u , llul( j people uuto more admiring of a woman In skirts, except Jn an activity where slacks are safer or more appropriate. Dr. J. C. Flugel points out in "The Psychology of Clothes" thai to our Western minds, skirts lend more grace and have more aesthetic potentialities. A secondary reason is a deep resistance to abolishing the clothing dtstinc- ....... ,. . tionp of the two sexes. That is why An«ver: Most of us fee) some women so often feel Indignant djsta'sle and fear. toward Janajlcs, when they see a roan in ef fern- even when 'their coriyicjtiaiw are c)ojbjns. ,• . ; ,. igmUBj $ 'Ottrf- Jt is ' ' ' '- (Q l&S.'BlBI'FMiUrM, 8yfl!i.f fl Are fljjrstmuJlty teat* -: depomtebhft { There is^a growing be-! Hef In this 'country/ thjit neither personality tests nor psychologic-; a} screening for industry, military service or college entrance are of much value. 'A number of corpora^ lions and colleges have found that many individuals who score high' on 8UCh,,te8tp do nqt tt |w S yg ful, out that Most who do meet the, required Jlcationg would have been testa.

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