Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on July 19, 1963 · Page 4
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, July 19, 1963
Page 4
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Editorial Shaking Off His Frustrations Mayer ft W. Day is to be commended far'tlie Spirit h* demonstrates in driving ifaead OH th* cdnntiunity's constructive pro- |lf»n1 in ths face of pirhaps necessary harass- Jnefit 6vef his much-deserved salary raise .fr6m« the city, V?6 have expressed our welcome previously 1 te i test &( the city ordinance awarding the I fiiaydf.; $ 100 for his Work as liquor commissioner When it Was obvious statutes barred him from an increase in, his mayor's salary. Considerable difference of opinion has arisen over whether he can be legally paid the additional liquor commissioner's salary, too, in view of the bar against increasing a public official's wages during His term of office. We have said we felt the people of Alton, themselves, Voted Mayor Day an increase in salary in spirit when they approved return to aldcrmanic government and abandonment of council-manager. Certainly he could not normally be expected to carry the extra load , without added compensation. Unfortunately, there can too be a court finding that the statutes did not foresee such an event, and therefore did not make the exception. Despite what must be his considerable private discomfiture, the mayor has been » » Landing on /Both Feet Governor Kerner has alleviated to some extent the immediate anxiety of observers over what might happeii to the state's public aid when the commission determining policy . of its administration was* .abolished. Even before signing the bill abolishing the Illinois Public Aid Commission, he already announced he would appoint Harold O. Swank, veteran administrator under IPAC, as head of the new code department. We still believe the commission form of supervision over the assistance program lends itself to greater consistency from year to year. One of the governor's chief criticisms of the commission was his own inability to pinpoint responsibility. One highly encouraging fact, however, is that employes of the department are all under civil srvice and thereby relatively free from political pressure. driving forward on two fronts this week. He called a meeting of property owners located along the storm relief sewer route in Upper Alton, between Washington AvertUe and Seminary, seeking to arrange right-of- way and instruct them in details of the project. Then Thursday he set about organizing a Board of Local Improvements along lines required by the changeover from council-manager to aldermanic form of government. The board immediately moved ahead on three projects, one of which is particularly interesting • — that for sidewalks along Rodgers avenue in the area designated for •widening of the street. SUcccss in this project could mean an opening toward eventual relief in many portions of the city where sidewalks are lacking — much to the hazard of both children and adults forced to traverse them. The mayor, in seeking re-election two years ago, and also in deciding to serve out his term after abandonment of council-manager government, said he realized the city had some tremendous improvement projects under way and wanted to continue providing suppervision for them. He is making good his word. Swank, himself, points out that-the whole department is subject to federal supervision. The state has found this out in the past much to its discomfiture when proposals to crack down in some directions on public aid recipients were broached in the legislature. The federal agencies supervising distribution of funds to states have been adamant in their stand on these regulations. If Washington can be equally as firm and effective in its stand against the political winds in Illinois, the change in centering responsibility for the. department may be acceptable, after all. At least in appointing Mr. Swank to head the department, the Governor has given the new setup a good start, and indicates his will that under his administration political pressure is unwelcome. This Label Needs Correction Sometimes labels are misleading. As was brought but at the Wednesday night meeting of the Wood River township board of auditors, the label does .not necessarily indicate they must all be certified public accountants, or have professional responsibilities for bookkeeping procedure. In fact, it might be well if state legislation could revise this name to conform more nearly with the board's duties. The board has been facing considerable blame from some quarters lately over the -fact that it did not uncover some of the fiscal handling which has led in one case to a state charge against the former town clerk. The fact that the board ernployed a firm of accountants to make a professional audit of the governmental unit's books, we think, should indicate they wanted to follow the right procedure. Our prime difficulty in many branches of local government is that its very" form is outmoded by increasing requirements on the government, itself, and consequently the men who do the governing. What is needed is a greater injection of professional talent which can devote full time to the duties involved. Only when we know clearly what we want in local government, are willing to pay for it, and go after it can we expect to attain it. From an accounting standpoint, a look-in from a professional firm of auditors periodically can uncover many discreppencies and provide proper guidance in how to avoid them in the future. It cannot take the place of government by persons not only trained for the job, but experienced in the work. Scores of townships all over the state of Illinois — and counties and cities, too — could be and doubtless are in the same trouble as Wood River under our present town government statutes, which need revising badly. Drew Pearson's Merry-Go-Round Goldwater GOPs Use Birch Tactics NEW YORK — Behind the tough statement issued by Gov. Nelson Rockefeller against Sen. Barry Goldwater and his right wing crusade were some alarming reports regarding Fascist tactics used by Goldwaterites at the recent Young Republicans' convention in San Francisco. At that convention, mob rule broke out; right-wingers tried to seize the gavel of he moderate president, and police had to be called in to restore order when playing the National Anthem failed to keep the Goldwaterites standing at attention so they would not rush the rostrum. The senator himself, addressing the convention, did nothing to calm the radical right or disassociate himself from the John Birchites behind the Fascist tactics. "I had told him about the riot ing that occurred earlier in the day and asked tor his aid in calming the situation," Leonard Na- dasdy, retiring president of the Young Republicans told this column. "He promised to try to calm the crowd. But the only mention he made of the situation was to comment about tke great spirit of the delegates. It was like pouring gasoline on the flames." "Go Back to Russia" Nadasdy has been president of the Young Republicans for two years. He was trying at that time to enforce a provision in the Young Republicans' constitution that state delegates only may vote_in the election of officers, not the alternates, The Goldwater back' en and the radical right wanted alternates included under a unit rule provision in order to elect Pavjd LuKeiw, the Goldwater can- When Nadafdy rule* this out prdej 1 , pandeinoniuro broke "Several members of §9 California delegation tried IP rush the In order to take the el away," Nadasdy told this column, "but fortunately members of the Pennsylvania and New York delegations, located in front of the rostrum, held them off. "There were fistfights on t h e floor," he said. "I've never seen such violence at a political affair. Their goal was to completely confuse everybody. There was screaming and hollering. It was like a nightmare." John Birch Platform Opposing Lukens for the Young GOP presidency was Charles McDevitt of Boise, Idaho, who followed the traditional policy of taking no stand for Goldwater, Rockefeller, Romney or any other candidate. Lukens was from Washington, D.C., had been carefully picked by the Goldwater crowd, and campaigned on a John Birch platform, though he states he is not a member. He is for the abolition of the income tax, favors U.S. withdrawal from the United Nations, wants to subjugate the U.S. Supreme Court by adopting a higher court of state justices. "After observing his first plat- Alton Evening Telegraph Published Dally by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY, Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY. Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mall $12 a year In Illinois and Missouri, $18 In all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery Is available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited In thli paper and to the local news published herein. Local Advertising R«t«* and Contract Information on application at 'he Telegraph business office, ill East Broadway. Alton. Ill, Nation*! Advertising Representatives: The Branhem Company, Now York, Chicago, Detroit and St. Louis. [form," said retiring President Nadasdy, "he seemed to be saying exactly what the Birchites wanted him to say." Two Republican congressmen came to San Francisco to help the radical right and the G o 1 d- waterites, Nadasdy said— W. E. (Bill) Brock, the Chattanooga candy manufacturer who was elected with John Birch support; and John M. Ashbrook of Ohio. "They spent a great deal of time working behind the scenes to elect the Goldwater candidate," Nadas- dy said, "even though it is an accepted fact that regular party members stay out of our elections." "I want to alert the Republicans as to the real objective of the John .Birch Society and the radical right, namely to subvert the Republican party and seize control," said the retiring president. "The radical right is just like the Communists. They drive good people away," Word of these right wing tactics which got back to Gov. Rockefeller was one of the reasons he issued his warning blast against Sen. Goldwater and his operations. Throw Out Bobby Jack Leonard the TV comedian, table-hopping a Danny's Hide-A- Way the other night, got this one off on the Kennedy family. "The President and Bobby were flying across the country with Lyndon Johnson, when the President asked for a ten dollar bill and threw it out the window. " 'What are you doing that for? Bobby asked. " 'Some farmer will pick it up and it'll make him happy/ Jack replied. "So Bobby called for ten singles and threw them out the window, 'That'll make more people happy, 1 he said. "So kyndon Johnson came back and whispered to the President, 'Why not throw Bobby out? Then everyone'll be happy.'" «p J963, Sell Syndicate, Inc.) Integration Not Simple, Papers Find WASHINGTON - For a Ion time now, many people in th South have been saying that Hi newspapers of the North don understand the "segregation problem. But something has hap pened recently which indicate that prominent newspapers in th North — "The New York Times and "The New York Herald Tri bune" <- are beginning to Under stand that "integration" isn't a simple as it appeared to be. "E^ual rights," for instance are being found to be impractica if they are literally applied i education. Even the viewpoint o the Supreme Court of the Unite States — that a Negro chil can't get as good an educatio In a segregated as in a deseg regated school — is turning ou to be more theoretical than prac tical. Perhaps the most realistic ed torial that has been written on th impracticality of racial equalitj in the public schools appeared o Thursday in The The New Yor text is as follows: "New York City is giving som iard and needed thinking thes days about how to give the Negrc his equal opportunity in ever way — education, jobs, housing everything. That is good. But th Negro, equally with the whit man, should be wary of easy solu tions, quick remedies that seem to promise instant success. One of these is inherently unjust and inhumane. It is the quota sy: !em. "It has the temptation of sur face plausibility. If the population of the city is 15 per cent Negro why shouldn't the Negro-have 15 >er cent of the jobs? If the popu ation of Manhattan is 25 per cen 'Jegro, then he would have 25 pa cent of the jobs in Manhattan. Ea iy, isn't it? But go on from here. Shows Absurdity "If this reasoning were valid the quota should be immediately applied in every business, in eve ry industry, and on every level- whether there were qualified applicants or not. And it would apply to religions, nationalities — arid how many other kinds of divisions? -Every floor in every office building would have to have its quotaed shade of color, race or whatnot. To state the proposition is to show its absurdity andn also its inherent evil. 'Now let us look at the public schools: With the best will in the world how, in Manhattan, can 'quota' be achieved even if it were desirable to do so? Negro and Puerto Rican children in that borough total 76.5 per cent of elementary school' enrollment anc 71.6 per cent junior high school enrollment. Citywide there are ITi elementary schools whose pupils are Negro or Puerto Rican by 90 per cent or more. These schools cannot be made 'white.' A satisfactory percentage of integration can be achieved neither by bussing, nor by zoning, nor by governmental fiat, nor by magician's wand. "What is possible in this impossible situation? The board of education can do its best with the fullest use of the tried previous methods, which include the open enrollment policy of moving some Negro children to under-utilized schools in 'white' or mixed districts. New schools can and musl be built in 'fringe' areas. B u I the best thing it can do for the Negro now is to bring him the best school that can be bought with money and talent. "Joseph P. Lyford, staff mem her of the center for the study o: democratic institutions and author of a study being made for the fund for the republic, for nearly a year has been working in a dO-block area of the upper west side of Manhattan. The other day he said: " In my interviews over the past 10 months with low income Negro and Puerto Rican parents in the area, never once has the question of racial percentages been raised as a concern. The parents' interests have been in he type of teachers the children lave . . . and the various facili- :ies the school has to offer. All [his leads me to feel that there is a considerable gap between the concerns of the low income Negro families hi my area and the avowed aims of various organizational leaders who presume to speak for them.' Want Good Teaching "The novel idea was thus presented that parents are more in [erested in teachers and good teaching for their children than in color quotas. It is to their cred It that they are. The best thing the city can do for the Negro is to make the schools better," The New York Herald Tribune just a week earlier — on July 11 — said in an editorial: "True equality doesn't lie in mathematical formulas, in t h e careful maintenance of a 'nice ralance, 1 or in a reverse racism hat seeks to boost the Negro hrough preferential hiring or arbi rary advancement, Racial quotas are • as un-American as discrimination itself. They separate, hey categorize, they label; they nherently contradict the ideal of equal opportunity, because they establish separate ladders of op- jortunlty," But what becomes of the view hat Negro leaders have been — namely, thjjt equal- THE LITTLE WOMAN "For heaven's sake, spare me that 'Man, this Is the life!' routine!" Readers Forum With a Soup Spoon, Yet.. Anyone for a cheap vacation trip to Grand Canyon? Try turning off Broadway onto Central Avenue. Nice view! Why does this half a block have to take so long to be repaired? No one will give a sane answer. I've lived here for almost five years and never yet have had six months go by without being blocked off for some piecemeal job going on. It is almost two months since the sewer broke. That was only fixed immediately because it was a health hazard, but the street stays the same. The city pays eight men to do the little amount that has been done on it so far: two to labor the other six to measure, look wise, and supervise. In this length of time I coulc have leveled it off with a soup spoon and had enough sand am gravel left to top it so at leas we could get to our door to park and deliver packages. Perhaps by this Christmas they will put one of the main artery streets, back in qiroulation. I sure hope it'does. If so, Goodbye careless Alton MRS..E. H. LEWIS 317 Central Ave. If He Earns Them The cause of racial equality is a demand of justice as well as charity, but the method of attainment is open to question. The movement began its most effec- ive direction not long ago in a series of court battles. The Ne- ;ro's patience and determination through the Court fight was admirable. The second phase of the war against segregation occurred in a eries of sit-ins, walk-ins, and wim-ins. They reminded every- ine that court orders were being [isobeyed flagrantly. The demon- trations were peaceful in intent. Now we come full circle to the ty should mean equality, that for all jobs held by white men there must be a certain percentage of Negroes working alongside them, and that the same rule applies n the schools? Also, what hap- >ens to the views of those "mod- Tates" in the South who have felt 'token integration" to be adequate? Anybody who has insisted here- ofore that the practicality of the iroblem rather than theoretical equality must be taken into ac- ount has found himself classed s "racist" or a "Negro hater." n the end, it will be discovered hat the best friends of the Negro are those who want to see uch changes made as will truly >enefit and not injure him or his pportunity to enjoy "life, liber- and the pursuit of happiness." (© 1963, N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) i third and, perhaps, most dangerous move indicated by many Negro leaders — threats. There is an open "promise of boycott, a planned march on the National Capitol, picketing and reprisal against stores and businesses thai will not hire Negroes, against school which will not educate them, and neighborhoods from which they are excluded. Is there such a thing : as absolute equality? Everyone is humanly equal and should enjoy, equal rights and opportunities. But it is evident that some are skilled in one field, some in another, and many make no productive use of the abilities they possess. For a Negro to demand a job because his skin is black is like saying "•Hire me because I'm white, or a Mason, or a Catholic or Jew" ridiculous. ' ..-'•'• :The'Negro citizen should realize that a new home, a good job, or an exclusive club is not his on a silver platter by right. He should be assured, however, that all these and more are as open to him as to anyone else regardless of color if he wants them enough to earn them. FRED J. MILLER Rte. 1, Jerseyville The decay of crofting, an unusual system of tenant farming n northern Scotland, is emptying thatched cottages and driving young people to cities. CROSSWQRD JBy Eugene Sbe/er 2.8 <ao Sip 81 3o 12. 57 31 ' 4-3 37. 4o 4-fo 14 4-7 10 25 and 50 Years Ago July 19,1938 The Board of Education adopted a "skeleton" $500,000 school building program for presentation at refetendilm. The district ftolild f& expected (a supply $275,000 to supplement a $225,' 000 Public Works Administration grant. Proposed in the program were the first unit of a new Junior high,school, $200,600; replacement of Irving and Lincoln Schools at $120,000 each; and addition of a gymnasium-auditorium at Me- Kinley School, $60,000. At 89, .T. S, Goodfellow of St. Louis, travelled 50 miles from St, Louis seated behind Robert Brooks on a motorcycle, to visit his daughter in Kane. Arthur S. Smith, Illinois Ltcjiior Control Commission Chairman, concluded hearings In Madison county liquor license violation complaints. He commended Alton tavern owners, on the whole, as conscientious in thetr observance of regulations. Dr. W. W. Billings, Madisott County coroner, said he would continue his fight, independently on an ultimatum he had Issued to dean up gambling In the county by the end of July. Alton received $4,965,85 MFT refund. Alton Automobile Club, successor to an earlier organization,'was to be represented on the Automobile Club of Missouri Board, but would administer Its own office, under a plan worked out with the parent organization. Mrs. Emma Volz, 77, twice manager-matron at Alton Woman's Home, died at her residence on Franklin avenue. In 1925, her sister, Mrs. Henry Loarts, had supceeded her in the post, she held for 10 years. Mrs. H. H. Hewitt, shooting a 49-52 in an 18-hole contest, won the finals In the President's Trophy tournament for Women at Rock Spring Country Club. Her opponent was Mrs, C: E. Merkle in the finals, and Mrs. J. J. Sharkey was her semi-final opponent. Owens-Illinois net profit for the fiscal year was $3,806,617, equal to $2.18 a share of. common stock. A special committee was authorized by the Madison County Board of Supervisors to investigate possibilities of sponsoring a state park Works Progress Administration project in Horseshoe Lake area. Appointed to the group were Frank Girard of Alton, William Kaiser of Granite City, and E. J. Stelner of Highland, Frank Murphy, 17, was Itwfahtly killed by lightning after h* teek shelter und*f fc tt«8 from art flftftiWon Stotm tthieli 'iWeft flfifoli the fafftily fafm near Brighten. Hfe wi» A *>« of .tames Murphy, former resident and businessman in North Alton. The yoiihg mftft had,b&|tt at work with a team In a fiejd whew the sWM came Up. His body was found aftet 1 the flaw returned dflvefless td the bafnytthJ. • «•''• Alton was struck by a subsequent storm sferies that broke a severe heat wave and which felled trees to block Washington north of College. Fire caused by lightning destroyed a barn on the George Wlemers farm wear tie- thalto. Neighbors aided to save a nearby granary containing 1,000 bushels of wheat. Lightning also fired two haystacks on the iarm of Robert Hannah, north of Alton. The Str. Golden Fleece was torn from her moorings at the Alton boat levee and blown out Into the harbor. Capt. Harry Davis managed to keep the boat under a measure of control, a low head of steam having been kept in the boilers. He was able to* bring the 'boat back to a berth against the bridge fender, where It rested safely until the storm was over. F. L. Butler, received of the AJ&P Railway, had been appointed general manager of the County & Suburban Traction Coi of Chicago. He was to divide his time between his new position and his duties here. , Policeman Gustax Rotsch had surrendered his star to Mayor J. C. Faulstich after refusing an assignment to ride the police department motorcycle. Rotsch' had contended the policeman's pay of $67.50 a month was not worth the added risk on motorcycle duty. • 'Frank Yost purchased the State Street business property, near Delmar, of the late Henry Wiitzler. He was to remodel the building .and open a confectionery. Two 6-year-old girls incurred slight injuries , when a summer car on the Middletown car line • was derailed at 6th and Market "Streets. .The girls were Irma Van, daughter of Riley R. Van, arid Frances Farmer, daughter of Frank L. Farmer, both of Central Avenue. The street car conductor, George L. Walker, was thrown against a platform window, shattering the glass, but was unhurt. Victor RieseVs Column Settlements Stem from Strike Threats By tiiis time the behlnd-the scenes role of Theodore Kneel in the settlement of New York's unhappy marathon newspaper strike is almost legendary. Many now consider him the country's most persuasive mediator. He is a close friend, and I asked him for a "solution" to such costly industrial battles. Here is his startling reply: ' ; By THEODORE W. KHEEL NEW YORK—It is the.prospect of a strike which induces settlements in 99'per cent of all labor- management negotiations. Absent that possibility, a threat to com>any earnings and employe wages, there is little incentive for company and union spokesmen to conclude their discussions. It is unfortunately true that people avoid responsibility unless they have to assume it. The prospect of a strike is a stern disciplinarian. !t forces negotiators to make decisions or take the consequences. Sven with this incentive, there are still too many union representatives these days who propose merely "to leave it to the rank and file" or company officials who persistently avoid the im- >erative of reaching a conclusion. The strike itself is frequently anti-climactic. Once a strike takes place, its penalty has been imposed. Then negotiators often feel they must prove they can take it so as not to weaken their bargaining position. , Obviously Undesirable ; •, The strike itself obviously is undesirable. It is costly and waste- ul. But until one has taken place BOBIZONTAL 1. mm 7. (tag- 11. eager IS. Arabian garment 00. naughty child 68. pallid 65, naught 56. «Mi«tant VERTICAL 1. droop* 3. elliptical 3. city in Pont 4. distant 15. vport 17. overwhelmed 30. animal »2'.»o<nd 67. personality 6. retired 68. issue 6. aasesa- ft>rth menta 69. virtuou* 7. deacriba 40. color 8. in what 41, ocean manner Aiuwer to yeiterda/i punl*. QHHH I'lNm i MIA.ITE t, single tmtt 10, married 12. illustrate* ,19. tnuugrew 81, printer's -measured ». guided 26. shower JW, ninge*! 37. percelv«« a8.»trtko a».«pedil , WfQftl ' ll'. S6.h*ul 84, •peek »»,roof materM 87. ontrttnoM 89,1 48. conflict 44.affitnn* SttTM aas itia^a SKID Baas " Eianaa 45. ta ataa UfcJ MWRW J?H w««!«-w^^» ^PPWW^BIB ForumWritersflote Writer's names and addresses must be published with letters to the Readers Forum. Letter* must be concise (preferably not over 100 words). All are subject to condensation. no damage is done. If the prosped of a strike settles 99 per cent of all disputes, can we afford to be without this essential ingredient of collective bargaining? The answer must be no, if we want col lective bargaining. And if there is one fundamental precept of labor- management Delations on which practically everyone, agrees it is that the terms and conditions of employment in a f r e e society should be arrived at through collective bargaining. This became the essential cornerstone of our country's labor policy long before the agner Act formally guaranteed labor the right to organize and bargain collectively. Is there any way in which we can ban strikes without simultaneously removing the prospect of a strike? The answer "again is obviously no. There can ,be no prospect of a strike if a strike can't take place. This is impliedly recognized by advocates of .compulsory arbitration, • a 'short-cut way of saying two things; 1) Tha,t strikes should be outlawed and 2) that arbitration should be used in place of collective bargaining to set terms of employment. Of course it can be argued that even with compulsory arbitration > ^^ Today's Prayer 0 God, Thou dost lead us into another day. We thank Thee for it. Open our minds and hearts to the resources we shall need —to faith and hope, to humility and courage, to understanding and patience. Above all may we know that the day belongs to Thee and that we cannot lose if we also be- ong' to Thee; in Jesus' name. Amen. •W- Kenneth Pope,, Little Rock, Arkansas, bishop,' The Methodist Church. , ' " (O 1063 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S, A.) the parties are still free to reach voluntary agreements without arbitration. But is that a realistic possibility? As I have said, all negotiators are reluctant to make decisions unless they have . to. Since bargaining invariably Involves more than one step in the process of trying to reach a mutual accord, there is the added difficulty that negotiators will feel that any step they take will create a new floor or ceiling and thereby prejudice their position 1 in arbitration if the other side rejects their offer. It is difficult even without the certainty that the dispute will go to a third party in the absence of agreement to get negotiators to vary their position for fear of creating, what is sometimes referred to as a new plateau. No, compulsoiy arbitration is bound to stifle voluntary agreements through collective bargaining. Aim to Improve Perhaps the evil to be cured is greater than the good that will be interred. But if collective bargaining with the prospect of a strike can work in 99 per cent of the cases, shouldn't our aim be to try to improve the bargaining process rather than to find a substitute for it? Is the uncertainty of economic distress which can be minimized if not eliminated by intelligent bargaining too high a price to pay lor the freedom of voluntary d e c i s i o n • making through A collecHye. bargaining? I think not,, especially since we have only begun to scratch the surface of what can be accomplished through intelligent and responsible collective bargaining. Let's not throw,put the baby with the wash; the child gives us every reason to believe that he is growing up to be a useful and indispensable member of our industrial community. «0 1963. The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) MIRROR.OF YOUR-MIND '^cA^V pain to require morphine. Similar wounds to civilians, during surgery, caused 80 per cent to beg for morphine. To the wounded soldier, his Injury was an escape from battlefield horrors, and he was thankful to be alive. To the civilian, the same kind of wound \yas a calamitous, depressing experience. Can an Illiterate Yes, and no doubt a few have been Just that. A genius has remarkable ability and fitness tor some special pursuit. During the early U.S. pioneer days, many uneducated frontiersmen were immensely rewarded EOT their unusual mental capacity In farming, stock-breeding, exploring, etc. While illiterates are without formal education, their dormant mental capacity" may be capable of masterful feats of observation, deduction and rote, memory* , „ Uo wiloldM f willy genius? , W8H | |Q S (|Je? Answer i With most people who attempt suicide, the intention or "wish" to die is of very brief duration. The intention, however, means that the Individual-; has been living wndsr ,,w)i8t he considers aj) Intolerable situation. Or, Edwin S, Schneldman of the Loa Angeles Suicide Prevention Center said that if a suicide-bent IndlyJcJ^l survives his. fJrst .Very much pp.. PurJnji K((WR\ «t jwy-deitruc{lQn, CM- World War, II, Or. H< K. Beeoher, o e r n 8 4 relative* and friends Harvard Medical School observed should give conaJderaUon • tQ his that only one out of three wound- problems. (C 19@3. King Feature*, Synd., IBP.) ., Is eniotion a factor In pain? fl

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