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ALTON EVENING Editorial The Mess and the Cleanup Man lilinoisani could assess today the kind of men they have representing them in our legislature at Springfield. The high pressure adjournment procced- uf«j set off by Governor Kerner's dissolution order, perhaps brought the worst in many of these men out into the open. The result showed pretty clearly a group of high-strung, self-centered men perfectly capable of forgetting the public welfare and past agreements when something rose up to Vex them, Sen. Everett R. Peters of St. Joseph apparently was the hub of the confusion which sent down some needed legislation to destruction. Sen. Peters was the intended victim of » plan reportedly worked out between the governor and Republicans in the House to remove him as chairman of the state budgetary commission. There the senator had aroused some feelings by making some tough decisions on some legislators' pet budgetary items. Discovering this plan at the last minute, Sen. Peters aroused the Republicans in the Senate to override the governor's dissolution by chasing out the lieutenant-governor and putting their own man in the chair, then recessing till Saturday morning. The Senate also acted to re-institute one of Peters' earlier actions that resulted in halving the appropriation for the Illinois Board of Economic Development and the Commission on Human Relations. In the interim Peters had agreed to restore the funds lie had cut, only to renege on his earlier agreement in the last pandemonium-filled hours. Both of these agencies have been highly controversial and doubtless many constituents would be happy to see their funds cut. But the basis of cutting them—pure vengefulness on one man's part—is hardly the basis for action which can give the public faith in its State legislature. More important than cither of these as a casualty of the Peters flareup were two constitutional amendments. They would have given the voters a chance to express their opinions once more on allowing county sheriffs and treasurers to succeed themselves in office. Currently they cannot. Now we face ahead to a period which will demonstrate the power of the governor—a power within geographical limits perhaps greater than that of the President of the United States. For during the weeks ahead, Gov. Kcrner will be perusing and acting upon the pile of bills now thrown at him by the General Assembly. Many of these bills were passed with a minimum of responsibility, to keep fences mended back home, and under the assumption the governor could veto them and protect the general public. The governor has 10 days after the bills reach him to examine and veto them or approve them. But this time actually is extended immeasurably by the fact that the 10 days begins only after they have reached his desk. The attorney general's staff meanwhile can hold them as long as the governor needs for consideration. Since the legislature is now gone, it cannot pass anything over his veto. Furthermore, he can veto portions of bills, particularly those having to do with appropriations. The legislature has gone home, leaving many phases of the lawmaking program in a confused mess. It now is up to the governor, with his powers of veto, to do the best tidying up he can. The governor won't be able to do anything about legislation left undone—such as the two constitutional amendments. He can do much to clear out the underbrush, low- hanging limbs, and the trash. Chance for Real Love joy Center The Harold See supporters lost out in their efforts to have Southern Illinois University's library named after the man who, more than any other, gave birth to the school's Edwardsville campus. We, ourselves, held that the name Elijah P. Lovejoy could have been more appropriately applied to the proposed communications building, which would house teaching centers for the several branches of communications, all factors in a free country the Rev. Lovejoy gave his life for. However, we are happy that the Rev. Lovejoy's name now is firmly appended to one center on a campus which is bound to receive nationwide attention. SIU's campus, too, is an appropriate site for a building memorial to Lovejoy. Through its Carbondale campus it has done more than any university in the midwest to keep his name before the public through its annual awards to editors who have best followed Lovejoy's principles. Now it has moved these activities to the part of the state where Lovejoy fought for freedom and died. The very establishment .of the Edwardsville campus in an area heavily populated with Negroes can contribute in another direction to realization of Lovejoy's aims. Because of its proximity to this population center, and its program of appeal for area students, it will bring higher education to many who otherwise might never muster the financial resources needed for college. We should expect the Lovejoy library to become an outstanding national source of information on the Alton martyr for freedom. It should include a special section for microfilms and copies or originals of other Lovejoy data, among them, of course, copies of all books written about the great leader. We would suggest the library be the subject of joint care and interest between SIU, the American Newspaper Publishers Association, and the Inland Daily Press Association. And, since Lovejoy was a weekly editor, himself, weekly papers should be represented. Since he was a Presbyterian minister, that denomination should have a part. And certainly the race which most benefitted from his martyrdom should have a voice. Thus the Lovejoy library could become a real moving influence in the nation toward spreading the name and the life of this great Drew Pearson's Merry-Go-Round Italy Political Problems Like JFK's WASHINGTON — The first Catholic President in American history will find political problems similar to his own when he meets with the leaders of the leading Catholic country of Europe. It so happens that the Christian Democratic Party, completely Catholic, which has dominated Italy ever since the war, has drifted further and further away from the original liberal leadership of Premier De Gasperi, and the recent liberalism of Pope John and Premier Fanfani; so that today the new premier cannot control a majority in parliament. Simultaneously in the United States, the Democratic party, which John F. Kennedy heads, has drifted more and more away from his liberal leadership, so that today he cannot control a majority in Congress. Actually the Democratic party in the United States is composed of splinter groups, similar to the splinter groups in the Italian government. All during the Roosevelt and Truman administrations the Democratic party consisted of an alliance between the Protestant South; the big city machines, largely Catholic; Labor, also largely Catholic; with considerable support from Jewish and Negro voters. But the Democratic South, now prosperous from the southward trek of industry and aroused ov cr civil rights, has largely deserted the Democratic presi dent; while his own Catholic supporters have drifted more to the suburbs and new middle class prosperity, and with this they have more and more deserted their old liberalism. Prosperous «aly In Italy the movement has been somewhat different, but the political results are similar. The population move in Italy has been f rom the poverty-stricken south to the prosperous north, where the Fiat auto works, the Perelli tire factory, and various steel wills haw made northern Italy one of the most prosperous areas in the world. These southern \y0rKers, moving to the unionized north, have joined the well-organized Communist party, and were one reas- pn for the increased Communist vote at the last election. The Communist Party in Catholic Italy today, incidentally, is the biggest in Europe — outside of Russia. But one development President Kennedy will find regarding his own church is that the top cardinals of France and Germany have moved more to the left. They shared emphatically the liberalism of the late Pope John, and even endorsed French coal miners when they were striking against President De Gaulle. Meanwhile, most of the top heierarchy in the United Stales, with the exception of Kennedy's own cardinal, Bushing of Boston, lave moved lo the right. Generally they share the conservatism of Cardinal Spellman of s'ew York. One reason lor the lefl trend of Ihe church in Italy has been the allure of the Italian government —until recently — to carry out basic social and economic reforms. Up until the center-left coalition under Fanfani changed them, .Italy still continued the motion picture censorsliip laws of Muso- :ini, the liiglily unfair system of taxing the consumer as against the wealthy, and various oilier Alton Evening Telegraph Published Dally by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY. Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY. Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mall $12 a year in Illinois and Missouri, $18 In all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press U exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited In this paper and to the local news pub lUhed herein. MEMBER. THE AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION Local Advertising Rates and Contract Information on application at the Telegraph |uilnes» office, in Bait Broadway, Alton, III. National Advertising Representatives: The Branham .Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit anil St. Louis. langovers fro m the Fascist regime. It was only in the last two years that the new burst of Italian liberalism, encouraged by Pope John, put across pensions for older people such as the Unitec States has had for 20 years, free texl books for the first five grades in school, job protection for pregnant women, a 15 per cent withholding tax on dividends, and a certain amount of land reform. These were what caused some of the Catholic party to move further to the right, while the Communists, who claimed t h e reforms were too cautious, picked up votes. John F. Kennedy, an astute students of politics, will be highly interested in this situation. He faces somewhat the same problems at home. Uov. Burnett to Washington Gov. Ross Barnett, the governor of Mississippi who made headlines at Ole Miss, came to Washington the other day on a non- universily matter — promotion of the Tennessee-Tombigbee waterway which will cost all the taxpayers $281,000,000 but will materially benefit Mississippi. The Civil Rights Commission had previusly urged President Kennedy to cut off all federal funds from Mississippi, which now gets about three times as much money from the federal government as it raises in taxes itself. During a breakfast of southern supporters of the Tombigbee waterway, Gov. Barnett got some practical advice from another southerner, Rep. Joe Evins, D- Tenn. "Let's be practical," he said. "How do you fellows expecl to get a project of this magnitude approved when you are fighting the President and the administration all of the time?" Barnett didn't reply, just grinned. Evins later told colleagues that the hostility of Barnett and Gov. George Wallace of Alabama to virtually all New Frontier legislation in Congress was seriously hampering efforts to get approval of projects like Tennessee-Tpm- bigbee, beneficial to the South. (O 1683. Bell Syndicate, Inc.) U. S. Policy Aim Should Be at Foes | WASHINGTON - Making world! policy is neither easier nor more! difficult for HIP United States now than it has born in the past. But! the emphasis today is in thoj wrong place. It is directed against America's allies abroad rather than to her adversaries. President Kennedy's trip to Europe had a laudable objective — to convince the Western allies that the United States stands firm behind them and Uiat unity is everybody's responsibility. But a critical examination of what is happening In Europe, and particularly In the Soviet Union, will point up the fact that the West, due to its internal quarrels, has /_/sl sight of the main issue — how to transform the Soviet Union into a sincere partner in peace. It is not just a ban on nuclear tests which is needed but a decision by the Soviets as well as ourselves to turn away from tlio possible use of nuclear weapons. The starting of a war by Russia has lo become as unlikely, if not as impassible, as the initiation of such a holocaust by any Western power. The President had a wonderful opportunity to get the debate back on its fundamental basis, but he found himself preoccupied instead with tlie rivalries inside the Western Alliance. The fundamental problem, however, in the world today is how to develop a true democracy and get a really free government in the Soviet Union. Also, and not less important, is how to emancipate the so-called "communist bloc" countries i n Eastern Europe, most of which won their independence after the First World War. Hungarian Situation Instead of seeking, for instance, to help countries like Hungary toward freedom, the United States is being accused today of withdrawing its moral support by refusing to make emphatic protests when the United Nations recently accepted the credentials of the Communist regime in Budapest, which had been rejected each year since the Hungarian revolution was squelched by Soviet roops in 1956. The people, moreover, in Poland, Rumania, Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia, as well as Hun- jary, together with the people of Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, East _ermany and Albania, read with despair of the hypocritical slogans of "independence" and "an- ticolonialism" which are voiced in the halls of a faltering United Nations by the new African countries, while the Soviet Union piously poses as their champion. But meanwhile the older and much-better-educated citizenry of the Eastern European states — experienced in self-government — are neglected and forsaken. Time was when an American president rose above the petty internal quarrels of our allies and spoke to the whole world of the importance of encouraging democratic peoples under the yoke of dictator to seek ways to dissociate themselves from an autocratic government. It is time foi the United States not to try to tell allied governments what policies they should make in their relations with each oilier but to persuade the peoples in those countries to fasten their eyes on the true enemies of mankind — the capricious rulers who sudden ly could pull the trigger of war, History Lesson Sooner or later, the United States government will have to take a leaf out of the history books which tell of Woodrow Wilson's famous crusade for international freedom. His words echoed and re-echoed throughout t h e world, and, while he received a warm welcome abroad by street crowds, his speeches were directed at the intelligent people of al' nations rather than to the emotions of cheering masses in those countries which already were on the side of freedom and democracy. The problems raised by negotiations seeking a nuclear-test ban, or by the American effort to develop among the Western allies a multi-nuclear defensive mechanism, or by the obsessions of independent-minded leaders like De Gaulle, or by Ihe wobbly governments of Britain and Italy, immersed as they are in their internal politics, will not be solved by each ally going its separate way. Unity depends solely on one issue laid squarely before t h e world — whether tlje peoples behind Hie Iron Curtain can be persuaded not to risk the chance ol suicide as they acquiesce iii the acts of rulers who have proven themselves faithless and irresponsible ever since the close of World War II. It's this issue that needs intensive and urn-emitting suppori by the president of the United States. When tlus viewpoint is articulated firmly and unequivocally again and again in resounding form throughout the world, the internal weaknesses and aberrations of Uie Western Alliance will gradually be superseded by a unity of purpose which the Soviet people themselves must some day decide in their own interest to embrace. (<£> 1863. N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) THE LITTLE WOMAN Less than a year ago we were old that without an inspection clause in a housing ordinance ederal urban renewal Is dead. Without an inspection clause, we were told, we could not have federal aid. Yet. when the inspection clause was defeated in a referendum, someone changed his mind, and decided we could have federal funds. Now, we are lold, unless we pass a new housing ordinance with stipulations added at the direction, (or request, if you like), of the federal government, we cannot have federal aid. Of course, we are told this is for the East End place only. And the House & Home Finance Agency says it must be for all, "within the purview of the code," which means all of Alton. The ordi- lance does not say it is for the East End place only. So, how do we know someone won't change lis mind again, and permit this ordinance to be used as a foundation for the entire city? According to a news report, the House & Home Finance Agency says the city administration must je responsible for enforcing the lousing code. We have had a building housing :ode since 1927, and the city administration has never enforced iti © Klnit Futures SyndletU, Inc., 1963. World righU m«ni«l "I'll be glad when someone else in this neighborhood buys an air-conditioned car!" Renders Forum For East End Only? in all those years. If it had, we w o u I d not have an East End Place. Does Alton have to have "Big Brother," in the form of the federal government, step in, slap its wrists, give it a few of its own tax dollars back, and say, "Now, you naughty people, enforce the laws you already have on your books?" How far will we go for the almighty dollar? According to Illinois statute and our local ordinance No. 2669, when an issue is favorably recommended by the City Plan Commission, it must be acted upon. If it is disapproved, it must be done so by a two-thirds majority vote of our aldermen. This means, a four man commission (appointed), with the Mayor as chairman, and three aldermen; or f o u r appointed men, and four elected men are in the position of enacting legislation for our city, such as the pending housing ordinance. As a voter, I like the idea of ALL elected officials having an equal vote. The moral to this story: Unless 11 of our elected aldermen vote against the "housing ordinance, we have federal urban renewal in Alton, FELICIA R. GOEKEN 282S Brown What to Do about Weeds This is a letter about weeds. Alton has many good tilings, but iveeds are not one of them. Al:on has many problems. Some- tiling can be done about the weed problem. Just CUT them. This akes some cooperation on the part of the city and property owners. They are also found on vacant ots and along sidewalks all over he city. Along the right of way of the| railroad that runs' down Broadway to East Alton are some huge healthy specimens. The railroads want our business, our sympathy and our moral support. Why don't they CUT the weeds? 1 tliink I speak for thousands of rose fever and hay fever sufferers. CUT the weeds! I think I speak for thousands of Altonians who think Alton is a beautiful city, but not as beautiful as it could be. Cut the Weeds! ED JACQUIN Fairmount Addition CROSS WORD By Eugene Sbeffer \<5 IB 31 35 42 48" 43 3-2 52 55 37 44 41 •3.3 34 So 10 20, 30 HORIZONTAL 1. bristle 6. mineral spring 8, pith 12. of grand. parents IS, crone 14. to (poetic) 15. set free 17. sacred linage 18. overhead railways 19. astern 20. immerses in dye 21. detained in port 24. to fling 27. fish eggi 28. female sheep 81. mender of pots 83. a nook 85. still 86. thing, In law 88. provide food 89. intrinsic natures 42. stringed instrument 44. river In France 4fi. umbrella support 48. scope 48. able to read and wrIU 51. roster 52. cry heard at bullfights 53. the dill 54. makes lace edging 55. donkey 66. Scotch caps • VERTICAL 1. auction 2. wicked 3. flaps 4. a beverage 5. a spear 6. Jargon 7. time of life 8. steer 9. an event 10. cease Answer to Saturday's puzzle. Um* «I lolullo*; H minster 1868. King F«*turw 8ynd. t Inc.) 7-1 11. heavy weights 16. forest warden! 31. writing fluid 22. fabulous bird 23, geological era 34. pig pen 25. prevarication 26. concern 29. tiny 30. blunder 32. female ruff 84. Abyssinian prince 87. gastropod mollusk* 40. gaiters 41. quotes 42. atop 43. operatic melody 48. genus of frogs 46, detail 47. wagers 40. larva of eyethread* worm 60, rodent QPVU RJOY MPRKYOX 0*0? JHVMYU HKQJUX. Saturday's Oryptoquip; SLOPPY CHOP SUE? BTABf REALLY BKSMIRCHKS MAN'S BUSINESS SUIT. I 25 and 50 Years Ago July 1,1938 Paul J. Fitzgerald purchased flio bottling business of John K. Lamport, at 60S East Nliith Street, but not Including the building, which would be occupied by the new owner on a rental basis. The tamper! firm was originally the Yackel soda factory, purchased jointly by J. L. Lamperl and J. C. Faulstlch. Fitzgerald was the soil of County Treasurer Peter Fitzgerald. Jolm William Farnsworth, 57, was killed by a train as he stepped from a footpath through high weeds onto the track near the dead-end of Elm street in Hartford. Arnold Kuehne found the body en route to his work as a section foreman. Capacity use of resorts, swimming facilities, picnic areas, highways, and parks was predicted by owners and managers, preparing for large crowds over the three-day Fourth of July holiday. Waller Cundall escaped possible fatal Injuries when he jumped from his automobile stalled on the Alton Railroad tracks at Carlinville. His car was smashed and carried a quarter of a mile before the train could be slopped. Mrs. Ward Atherton, who had served as librarian at the East Alton public library since Its opening in 1936, resigned to accept a position as supervisor of WPA libraries in Macoupln and Madison counties. Mrs. Harold McDonald would succeed her. Repairs were being made on a century and a half old clock by Charles, J. Schrlmp to a metal part. A wooden mechanism remained in perfect working condition. The clock was believed to have belonged to William Bates, Revolutionary War soldier, ancestor of Mrs. Lettie Sargent, and her sister, Mrs. Thomas Hamilton. P. J. Fleming was elected president of the Jerseyville State Bank. Roxana's village board passed an ordinance tor a $36,000 bond issue supplementing 527,000 PWA grant to build a new village hall and community center. Don Budge added the British singles to his United States, Australia, and French singles championsliips by crusliing Henry Wilfred Austin of England, 6-1; 6-0; 6-3. • Mr. and Mrs. James Dodson of Leonard street observed their silver wedding anniversary, A number of strips of land, 60 feet wide, h«d been transferred by AHoniafis under warranty deeds in the last week n« right-of-way for power lines from Keokuk was acquired. The land Was being transferred to Mississippi River Power Co. tt now appeared that the high line between Caihoun County and Alton would be temporarily suspended from wooden poles because structural steel was not immediately available. About a dozen carloads of wooden poles had been unloaded in the AJ&P Railway yards at Godfrey and seven carloads had arrived at Grafton. One of the strips of right-of-way obtained Jh Alton tor the high line extended for a long distance through the Ursullne Novitiate tract to the southwest of Danforth Street. Dr. D. F. Duggart had requested the Slate Board of Health to investigate what he believed to be an outbreak of a mild form of small pox here. There was some contention whether the several cases of Illness were due to small pox or chicken pox, and a determination by a state health inspector was sought. Edward took, prominent farm resident at Lockhaven, was preparing to spray his cornfields with a mixture of soapsuds and coal oil In an effort lo save Ills crops from chinch bugu. He had experimented with combinations of oil and suds until he found one deadly to the bugs but apparently harmless to the growing corn stalks. Lock had a specially constructed spray- Ing cart of dimensions to make it usable in the fields. Many farmers were fighting Inroads of the invading millions of chinch bugs with "tar lines," formed by spreading a sticky, bituminous fluid on the ground lo trap the moving' insects. Effecls of dry weather had greatly diminished the potalo crop in Ihe Madison County section of the American Bottoms. One railroad agent estimated that instead of several hundred carloads, no more than 25 might be shipped by rail. The potato production in the county had been slipping for 10 years. As a special attraction for the July 4 weekend the Hippodrome advertised a 4-reel photoplay, "The Prisoner of Zendu," starring James K. Hackell. Because the city pest house site had been moved into Godfrey Township by the creation of Alton city-township, officials were informed Alton could no longer use it in epidemics unless Godfrey Township gave permission. Edwardsville Republican started its 45th year of publication. The Allen-Scott Report ^Two-China' Policy Is Proposed WASHINGTON — A closely guarded sweeping change in foreign policy is behind that surprise announcement by Undersecretary of State Averell Harriman "welcoming a national debate" on relations with Red China. President Kennedy personally had a hand in this out-of-the-blue declaration by his top diplomatic trouble-shooter who is going to Moscow on a special mission to try to induce Premier Khrushchev to agree to a nuclear weapons test ban. Hamman's highly significant statement is the first of a series of trial balloons aimed at sounding out voter sentiment on possible overtures to Red Cliina that the President and his foreign policy advisers have long been deliberating. Foremost among those favor- ng that are Harriman, McGeorge Bundy, special White House for- reign policy assistant, and Dr. Walt Rostow, head of the State Department Policy Planning Council. They are leaders of an inner council group advocating an "open door" policy toward Communist China. , , In congressional circles they are credited as urging the President :o undertake to induce Generalissimo CJiiang-Kai-shek to evacuate the Nationalists' powerfully fortified offshore strongholds of Quemoy and Matsu before the Red Chinese test their first nuclear device — anticipated either late tliis year or early in 1964. The argument reputedly advanced by these advisers is thai delay until after the Communists attain nuclear power would make it appear that a policy change was forced by Peiplng's nuclear menace. This highly controversial coun- sel is understood to be strongly opposed by some of the President's closest political advisers, foremost among them Kenneth O'Donnell and Ralph Dungan, members of his Wliite House staff. They have been with the President throughout his political career, and while they have no direct voice in foreign policy, their opinions carry great Weight with him. Both are deemed emphatically against any change in policy toward Red China before the 1964 presidential election. They are warning such a shift would involve great political risk. Taming the Tiger As expounded in a National Security Council study on the "formation of a China policy," the administration would initiate what would amount to in fact, if not in name, a "two-China" policy. Under this policy the U.S. would still be committed to defend t h e Today's Prayer Almighty God, Who hast never been discouraged by men or events, save us by a larger outlook from the things that discourage us so t h a t even if we stumble, we may not utterly fall; and even when we are unappreciated or pointedly rejected, we may, with good humor and perseverance, labor for the Iriumph of Ihe good, the true, and the beautiful in and among all men. Then we shall be content to leave the ultimate outcome of the days of our years in Thy hands even as did Jesus the Christ. Amen. —Raymond E. Balcomb, Corvallis, Ore., minister, First Methodist Church. (© 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.) Nationalists on Formosa, but not their claims to the mainland and offshore strongholds. Also proposed is "opening, the door" to contacts with the Chinese Communists. • On that the Security Council paper says: "We should leave ajar possibilities for expanding commercial, -cultural and other contacts with Communist China. We should make clear that there is no final bar to the entrance of Communist Cliina into more normal relations with the U.S. if it is prepared to modify its present aggressive policies. The specific kinds of modifications that we would require as the price of more normal relations should be the subject of continuing planning study." Backing Away Efforts lo put an end to the protracted armed strife between the Nationalist and Communists are advocated, as follows: "We should work within the limits which a useful relationship with the Cliinese Nationalists will allow for a damping down of the Chinese Nationalist-Chinese Communist civil war. The removal of Nationalist forces and-or the disengagement of U.S. prestige from the offshore islands should be a major objective of U.S. policy, "We should periodically review the situation to determine whether action lo this end would, on balance, serve the national Interest, taking into account both the continuing cost and risks of our present position concerning t h e offshore islands and Hie psychological effect of a change in that position on the Western Pacific area ..." . «0 1B83. The Hall Syndicate, inc.). MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSEPH WHITNEY ditions in the body. It was noted that when blood from persons under stress,, and from psychotic patients, was injected into monkeys, they experienced difficulty in carrying out assignments for w h i c h they had been especially trained, Some tasks normally requiring 00 minutes look up to five hours after the injection. Are today's s(u (tails a resiles,* lot? Do He detectors over HoV Answer: Not particularly. A Student Opinion poll of over 5,000 teen-agers in 100 secondary schools found a healthy percentage who wanted to spend their lives in their home areas. Among those living out West, 75 per cent wanted to remain there. Southeastern students were 60 per cent contented. In flew .England, 42 per cent of the Eds and coeds wanted to remain Down-Easters. Southwestern girls were dissenters; only 28 per cent wanted to stick around the home area. Answer; Dr. Burke Smith, University of Virginia psychologist, said the lie detector (polygraph) does not detect lies! it simply records the sensitive heart action of persons being questioned about criminal activity. If responses ap pear markedly abnormal on the polygraph, it is evidence that the accused is not telling the (ruth. However, the operator makes tills University of Pitts, judgment, not the polygraph, be- burgh investipatore iQpiJ that cause fupconsQiqun memories mental disturbances may be caws- may trigger abnormal 'responses ed by chemical or biological con- in Innocent persons. 1863, King FfBturet. s&ri.i Inc.) U wentul Ulnew "catching?"