Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on June 24, 1963 · Page 5
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June 24, 1963

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 5

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Alton, Illinois
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Monday, June 24, 1963
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Page 5
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MONDAY, JUNE 24, 1963 ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH PAGE FIVE Unemployment Story Jobless Figures Are Not Real Indicator of Nation's Economy The country's unemployment statistics no longer reflect the health of our economy and a drastic overhauling is needed in the. nation's thinking about the unemployment problem — these are but two of the startling find- Ings unearthed by public opinion reporter Samuel Lubell after extensive interviewing 23 major cities. Following is the first of a Telegraph series of five articles. By SAMUEL LUBELL A drastic overhauling is needed in the nation's thinking about unemployment. Since early April this reporter has been conducting an intensive Interviewing survey of jobless workers in 23 different cities. One main purpose has been to try to solve the mystifying puzzle of why the unemployment rate in the country remains so high — 5.9 per cent of the labor force by the latest official count — in the face of record highs in production, employment ing. I also have been hunting for answers to questions left uncovered by official government reports. Just what is the cause of each person's unemployment? How many of the unemployed have jobs to go back to? How much actual looking around for work is done? Are the unemployment statistics reliable? How do the jobless manage to care for themselves and their families? Threfe over-all conclusions stand out: 1 — The unemployment statistics are no longer a valid or accurate indicator of the health of the economy. 2 — The identical label "unemployment" is applied to so many different .situtations that the statistics themselves create quite and consumer spend- J & ASpringman HAS JACUZZI PUMPS AND WATER SYSTEMS Oiiillli-v. 111. Ph. 41li-3l.ll misleading pictures of both the extent of the jobless problem and the human hardship involved. Big Change The nature of unemploy- has changed enormously 3 - ment since the depression of the 1930s and even since the recession of 1958, Unless these changes are recognized and understood, efforts to overcome unemployment may only make matters worse. I.n my survey more than 350 "case histories" of men and women out of work were put together. Of this number, nearly six out of 10 did not constitute any feal unemployment problem in that they felt, "I'll be back working soon." Roughly 35 per cent of those interviewed were either construction workers, who had finished one project and were waiting for another, or seasonal layoffs with jobs to go back to. Another 25 per cent had left former jobs for assorted personal reasons. Retired persons were looking for only part-time work. Others, like a chemist in Cleveland, explained, "I can get a job any time. My problem is to find a good one." A truck driver in Chicago, who had been fired when he ran into another truck, grinned as he said, "I've got a job lined up as a salesman for a baby photographer." Except in depressed areas, I found little acute hardship. Nearly 10 per cent of those interviewed admitted that they could get jobs that paid less than they were willing to work for. Among married persons who were unemployed, roughly 40 per cent had a husband or wife working. One-Third oil Relict In contrast, in Wheeling, W. Va. where 12 per cent'of the' work force were jobless, near|y a third of the persons I .talkecf with hjac exhausted their unemployment benefits and were living on reliel or hand-me-down jobs like-"apple- picking or farm chores. In five other cities unemployed workers remarked, "We've just had a new baby. That makes ""?"-' :•/?' ",-*ou, TOO; MAY FIND- hings rough." Among all the un- mployed interviewed, every sev- nth person had run through his savings and been forced into debt since losing his job. Turning to the causes of unem- >)oyment, I was surprised how ew of the unemployed — only one of every six interviewed — lad been laid off because of a slump in business. During the 1960-61 recession, in many of the same cities, nearly half of the memployed workers I talked with Hid lost their jobs because of the decline in the economy. Today's showing can be cred- ted in part to the upsurge of recent months in auto and steel imployment. But more significant is the fact hat the bulk of current unemployment is not f o u n d in the mainstream of the nation's economic :ifc. The present high unemployment rate largely reflects the fact that we seem to have developed two separate economies in this country — one a highly protected, miployment-secure fortress and the other an exposed plain raked constantly by economic storms. The hardest-hit groups by far are older workers, who have been pushed out of the economy, and younger workers — Negro and white — who have never been able to scale the walls of seniority rights and union membership that keep them on the exposed plain. In nearly every city I found young men, 30 years and slightly older, who have never held a steady job since leaving school. In Newark, N.J., one youth re marked, "I'd like to be an electrician, but you've got to be the first-born son of a union member to get a union card." Other Influences A second set of influences aggravating hard-core unemploy- m e n t center around the reshuffling of work from old to new locations and the job changes being spurred by the search f o i ways to reduce Costs. Where new factories are being opened, I found a tendency to employ a heavier proportion of women in preference to men. Increased dependence on defense spending is another new, un settling force that jacks up the unemployment rate. In a third o. the cities visited, some of the workers interviewed had been laic So many hearing problems can be forgotten with the new MIGHTY WISP® hearing aid! It's the most powerful all-at-the-ear Sonotone ever made. Can help hearing losses up tp serious, can even help many now wearing on-body aids. So easy to wear — MIGHTY WISP snuggles behind ear, with tiny tube to eartip — that's all! Never before a Sonotone hearing aid so small with so much power, so many features. SONOTONE® HOUSE OF HFARING 651 E. Broadway, Alton, III. Send me free copy of Mighty Wisp leaflet: "Do You Want to Say Goodbye to Hearing Worries?" Name Addrvu City State FORTY ODD By Peg Bracken and Rod Lull Cars Collide At Carrollton CARROLLTON - Mrs. Mrjorie Wollemveber of Carrollton and Mrs. Sharon A. Brooks of Patterson escaped injury Saturday when the cars which they were driving collided at the intersection of Second and Walnut. Both cars weie damaged. Honored at Shower CARROLLTON - Miss Carolyn Pohlman, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Pohlman of Ca.-roll- ton, who will be married July 6 to Robert Howland, son of Mr. and Mrs. Elza Howland, also of Carrollton, was honored at a shower given Sunday afternoon in Knights of Columbus hall. Hostesses were Miss Pohlman's aunts, Mrs. Gilbert Jeffrey n d Mrs. Henry Cordes Jr. The wedding will be at 11 am. July 6 in St. John's Catholic Church. Both young people are graduates of the Southern Illinois University at Carbondale and both re employed in Bloomington. fliss Pohlman is employed by the lowe Construction Co. and Howand Js in the office of the Farn' ervices Incorporated. They plat reside in Towanda. Things are picking up, Jen . . . Vests are coming back, and this noon they gave me jam in a jam jar instead of those dang pleated paper cups." off because defense contracts were lost. Few of the unemployed I talked with blamed "automation" directly for the loss of ther jobs. Right now at least, automation seems to be having its main impact in terms of reducing the number of new jobs being opened up. In choosing the cities for interviewing, I searched out contrasting situations •— depressed communities like Wheeling or sluggish areas like Buffalo to be matched against places like Detroit, Akron, and Canton, where employment has rocketed in recent months. Other cities were taken because I had sampled them during the recessions of 1958 and 1961, providing me with a firsthand basis of comparison with the past. In deciding who Was to be interviewed, I followed the arbitrary rule of talking to the last person on the unemployment compensation line — which left time for lengthy questining — whether male or female, white or colored dresses as a factory worker or clerk. These interviews in unemployment claims centers were supplemented by a sampling of typical worker neighborhoods and by talks with high school students on how they saw their job future. TOMORROW — Wasting a generation. (© 1963, United Features, Inc.) PRESCRIPTIONS AT PHAR MACY are • CAREFULLY PREPARED • SENSIBLY PRICED • DELIVERED FREE Alton's Most Modern Pharmacy 2510 State St, — North Alton — Dial HO 5-5313 FREE PARKING NEXT TO STORE To Incorporate Greene County History Society CARROLLTON A letter from Illinois Historical Society on incorporating Greene County Historical Society into the state Society was read at a meeting of the local group Thursday evening. W. G. Vogt, local attorney anc vice president of the local socie ty, read materials sent by the state and the members voted to send a filing fee to the secretary of State of Illinois for incorpora tion. Hosptal Notes CARROLLTON — Mrs. Ka> Giberson and Mrs. Mary Kir bach, both of Carrollton, were admitted as medical patient Saturday in Boyd Memorial Hos pital. Dismissed Saturday were Mrs Doris Handling and Miss Gert rude Arnold of Greenfield anc Mrs. Theresa Smith of Carroll ton. Three Day Meeting CARROLLTON — Mrs. Thelm; Wilkinson, who is completin; her second term as Greene Coun ty superintendent of schools an Charles K. Barnett, who will tak office as county superintenden Aug. 5, will go to Springfield Jul 31 to remain through Aug. 2 a tending a meeting of county schoo superintendents called by Ra; Page, state superintendent of Public Instruction. Choir Outing CARROLLTON — Members o the junior choir of First Presby terian Church, accompanied by a group of adults, will go to St Louis Wednesday to attend a ma tinee performance of "How The West Was Won" at the new Cin erama theater. Approximately 31 will be in the group. Mrs. Chest er Gourley and Mrs. Arch How ard are the directors of the Junior Choir. Carrollton Notes CARROLLTON — Dr. and Mrs. Gary L. Turpin and son o Decatur were guests last weel of Dr. Turpin's grandmother Mrs. Elon Dicksinon. Mrs. A. D. Wilson and he: house guests, Mr. and Mrs. Pe: Jonsson of Ostersund, Sweden SALE r fNJIfL ALTON'S ONLY EXCLUSIVE ZENITH DEALER BUY QUALITY! BUY ZENITH! SEE THE LARGE SELECTION OF OTHER MODELS ON DISPLAY! World't fimst ftr/oratty Moit Beautiful 19" Tekvisum DECORATOR CONVERTIBLE TV SEE CY Be/ore You Buy NO MONEY DOWN PAY ONLY MONTHLY PERFORMANCE Made It Famous— Quality Makes It BEST! 113 HUE ST. WE TRADE HIGH COME IN AND SEE COLOR TV DEMONSTRATION TV TUBES TESTED FREE. WE SELL TV AND RADIO TUBES. • When Abraham Lincoln's ather sold his 36-acre Kentucky arm in 1816 he received $20 ash and 400 gallons of bourbon vorth about ?600. nd Mrs. James Nims anc laughter left Saturday on rip to Denver and Colorado prings, Colo. Mrs. Anna Henke Rites Conducted WORDEN — Funeral services or Mrs. Anna Henke, 87, of Worlen, who died last Monday at i 1 e s Nursing Home at Highland, were held Thursday after- no o n at St. Paul's Lutheran Church near Hamel. The Rev. Richard Bolin offficiated. Pallbearers w e r e: Leo Dust- n a n n. Adolph Henke, Willard B.ase, Louis Engelke, Herman Al- brechl and Raymond Blase. Interment was in St. Paul's Lu- heran Cemetery near Hamel. Pinewood Derby WORDEN — The Boy Scout pinewood derby will be held Wed- icsday evening at the elementary school at 7:30. Wortlcn Notes WORDEN — Mrs. Etta Best en- ered Community Memorial Hospital in Staunton Friday. Mr. and Mrs. Arley Morrow and son, David, of North Platte, Neb., nave returned home after a visit with Mr. and Mrs. Herman Johnson. Richard Julian and daughter, Mrs. Rena Youngherman of Denver, Colo., have returned home after a visit with Mr. and Mrs. Paul Krechnyak. Mrs. Victor Oltman and son, John, and Frank Vazzi Jr., are visiting with Mr. and Mrs. Rufus Drew near Benton, Ky. Coffee was so important in ancient Turkey that if a Turk failed to keep his wife supplied was coffee, she had grounds for divorce, Kennedy to Visit Famed Paulskirche By JOHN BAt'SMAX FRANKFURT. Germany (API church remained a symbol of German liberal nationalism. Like more than a third of all Frankfurt buildings, it was destroyed in World War II. Soon after the war, money was collected for its reconstruction as a congress hall and memorial to mark the 100th anniversary of the original Paulskirche assembly. ^ t To the American visitor the city — a red sandstone church, built still is very German, with outdoor cafes, beer and sausage stands, fountains and flower pots on busy squares. Frankfurt is the home of 680,000 persons and, excluding West Berlin, is West Germany's fifth largest city, after Hamburg, Munich, Cologne and Essen. It is the country's chief banking center, continuing in the tradition of the famous banking family of Rothschild. in unusual circular form and located in downtown Frankfurt, was a special historical significance for Germans. It is the St. Paul's church and. along with Frankfurt's convenient central location, is one of the main rasons why President Kennedy is stopping off at this fifth largest city of West Germany Tuesday. The neo-classical St. Paul's ___^_______ church, or Paulskirche as it i*i~ Thirty years ago the United known to ^Germans, was built in stales produced about 8 million tons of salt annually. Today the output, is in excess of 25 million the early 19th century and srcms architecturally insignificant when compared with Europe's inspirhu; | Ons cathedrals. But the Paulskirche has the king of tradition that suits Kennedy and provides an appropriate setting for his major speech in Germany. It was here that the German states held a national assembly in 1848 in an attempt to unify the country under a liberal constitution. The effort failed, but the Now Many Wear FALSE TEETH With Mare Comfort PASTEETH, a pleasant alkalln* (non-acid) powder, holds false teeth more firmly.ro eat and talk In mor« comfort, just sprinkle a little PAS- TEETH on your plates. No gummy, gooey, pasty taste or feeling. ChMki "plate odor" (denture breath). O«* FASTEETH »t any drug oouaMr. MOSCOW — Soviet defense specialists are active in Indonesia. if you don't know where your money goes • then find out.. . with the convenience of a checking account. so safe . .. easy .. . convenient... you'll wonder how you ever managed without one! MEMBE "Voar full-service Wedge Bank' 5 BIG STORES —OPEN TONIGHT TILL 9 P.M. HIRSCH&CO Outstanding Buy Men's Short Sleeve SPORT SHIRTS Crisp, cool cottons in full cut with two pockets. Woven or printed colorful patterns. Fine quality. Sizes: S-M-L-. 1.00 TUESDAY IS FINAL DAY OF HIRSGH'S DOLLAR DAYS! Value Assortment for Boys' 6 to 16 SHIRTS SHORT SLEEVE WOVEN & KNITS Thrifty price for shirts that keep their sparkle after countless washings! . . . Compare HIRSCH'S quality and selections. 1.00 PANTIES Exceptional fine buy. Women's trim - fitting cotton and rayon ladies' panties. White only. Sizes: 5-6-7. pair for 1.00 Extra Value ! SNEAKERS Choose either women's, Teens or Kiddies fine quality sneakers. Women's- Teens in 4 to 9. White or black. Full cushion arch. Bouncy rubber sole. Kiddies 5 to 12 with cushion arch. 1.99 value. 1.66 by "Martex" TOWELS Thick cotton terries that are fluffy and durable. All white with green border. Large 24" x 48" size. 1.98 values. 1.00 3 WAYS TO BUY—Cash * Charge + Lay away Downtown Alton Open Mon. and Open Frl. Till 9 p.m. Other Days 9 to 5:00 Wllshlre Village Open Every Day 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. Alton Pluza Moi\. and Till 9— Other Days 9 to 5:30 North Alton l-'rl. Open Evary NiKht Till 9— Saturday Till 5:30 Downtown Wood River Open Friday Nile Till 9 Other Days Till 5:30

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