Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on June 21, 1963 · Page 4
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, June 21, 1963
Page 4
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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH FRIDAY, JUNE 21, 1963 Editorial ; Hot Line^ Goes on Paper It m,iv not lx I !ir iMirc.ill ih.'t Mime would think. Neither will ihc 'hoi" !mr to Moscow be thr un.i(lult{T.!tod nml'uni of drupnnn whirli rruny '"•ill acoiio it of brine \Vr believe sipmnc of the trr.m to <rt up the I'm !•• i nnK.1o.mlv pr.mi'woi-irn step foiv.ird better world undei••.i.iiuhn.v; Til!!, improvement in iiiuici'^t .indini.' i* not to l>t ri,c.iuled J< limited to tin icbtions between the United M.ncs Jiid RU-.MJ. A«. .1 trutier of t.u't. the Inn m,n h.i'-i" very little eltect on the tediums ot liioe fvo nations. It may never lie u«cd for even .1 con- lererKC between I're.sidcnt Kcnned\ .ind Premier Nikit.1 Khrustchev on a knotty problem. The foil; source nt better uiuler't.iiniint: will be tlut held out to other nations ot the world — our tncnds .ind our avowed toes, .dike, To hei;in with, it this cotmtrv proposed the "hot line." !t w,i< trm countrv worked out the preliminary dct.uls .did kept the pressure up until \' tm.iily was .ic- cepted. Ruwi.1 could hardly reject ir in the final estimation. Properly guarded, properly administered, it could hardly be viewed as a source of harm to either nation. There is hardly a suspicious point of approach from which to view it. About the only opposition arguments which might be established would be twofold: The question of whether it could really stop 3 button-pressing war in the long run, and 2. Plain ridicule. National leaders of courage, however, would naturally be challenged, and were challenged bv the possibilities behind the "hot line" to discard these obstructions and proceed with the program. The long-range benefit to the world's * * Life Begins at 90 Even if there is no vacation trip, summer can be welcome — particularly if it will just settle down to some kind of a dependable weather pattern. The garden needs tending, and the winter- tendered back longs for the bite of the mid- afternoon sun's rays as the long, rustling corn blades flick over the power tiller that grinds the soil between hills. Soon that will be followed by the jellylike yet sticky feel of teeth crunching into the grains of corn on the cob — this summer not quite so generously dabbed with butter because of a diet, but the right amount of salt, anyway, and the sweetness that first hits the tongue and roof of your mouth, then grows as you roll the corn around, savoring its chnaging rainbow of flavor. Along about the same time will come the sun-reddened tomatoes, sliced just the right thickness and with the skin on to preserve the right crispncss. And maybe a few lima beans here and there, and snap beans, too. Later will come the spice-spurting homegrown peaches — both raw and occasionally baked in cobbler with plenty of crust (something else has to "give" and make room on that diet schedule). But the most stimulating of all will be those sunny afternoons in the garden, returning one's own sweat to the soil, and iet'l- ing the bite of the sun on the baring pate and the already bare back. These things beat the challenging blasts of winter with their snowy streets, dubious transportation, and sometimes even mterrupt- pe.u-r will be in its effect on international mcnt.ilit). I ; or peace ^ where the mind it. And .1 belief among nations that the world's leading powers .ire chained together by this potential medium of quick mutual understanding should provide just that peace oi mind. It serves notice, too, on the other nations that both the leading powers must rcali/c now that if ICBM war does break out, it will not be from misunderstanding of miscalculation. The world must understand that neither ot the two powers starting such a holocaust can do so onlv through the fullest of purpose and caK ulation. and must bear the blame before the world. X * 4 '-r It It Would Follow A move has developed in Congress to separate from the President's five-point dc- H-gregation bill one of the points which would require hotel operators, restaurateurs, and theaters, stores, and sports arenas to accommodate Negroes. Some question of constitutionality has been brought up, though proponents of the bill have cited the fact that such things us zoning and housing inspection, involving private property rights, had been .sustained. The strategy is reported to be to better assure adoption of the other four more essential points by separating them. \\'"e might point out that public pressure, itsulf, has been highly successful in achieving desegregation in the categories listed in point 1. These pressures should be less necessary as the economic fortunes of our under-regarded Negro population are mended, their education opportunities are improved, and housing discrimination is brought to an end. David Lawrence Difficult For Congress f o Decide THE LITTLE WOMAN rti WASHINGTON — President Kennedy has proposed to Congress that it enact certain "civil i rights" IHWS. and be assumes I they will be held constitutional | by the Supreme Court. But the I truth is these same proposals nre jof doubtful constitutionality, and I members of Congress who have I taken an oath to uphold the Constitution will have n hard timej deciding whether, by voting forj such legislation, they will be vioo-j lating or sustaining the Constitu- i tion itself. j A little more than 88 years ago, 'congress passed a law providing I for equal accommodations in public facilities — hotels, restaurants and eating places. It sought to! jbrtn racial discrimination. But the i IS u p r e in e Court of the United | j Stats, in an action known as thej ! "Civil Rights Cases," decided in j |.1S83, held that Congress hud no power under the 14th Amendment to write any surh laws and that its only power was to nullify state aclion of a discriminatory character. The Supreme Court decision was by an S-to-1 vote, and the majority opinion said: "It is clear that the law in "She was the most insolent salesgirl! I had to buy something just to spite her!" Rcaders Forum- Not Best, But Life Ann Landers' questioning the judgment of a hard-of-hearing girl who complains at the lack of understanding of her handicap by Ivp high school teachers, emphasizes a situation which is seldom discussed in objective terms he- 'lion cannot be sustained by any j (<a(|sfl ' |he| . p js SQ lj|(!e which jt grant of legislative power made i spt , ms ( , an eve) , be done abo( , t u to Congress by the 1'lth Amend- Imenl. . .The law in question, without any reference to adverse ; stale legislation on the subject, mid that situation has to do with the numbers of teachers working in our schools who have all the and preparation to : stale egsaon on e su, ppf,,,!,.,,,^,^ and preparation to j declares that all persons shall he| do |)lph . job excppt wnolesome . ; entitled to equal accommodations; a(T ^ Qf ^ troubles wWch bic eon- I and privileges of inns, public conveyances, and places of public amusement, and imposes a penal| ty upon any individual who shall | deny to any citizen such equal 'accommodations and privileges. i "This is not corrective legislation; it is primary and direct; pipes. In summer, life begins at 90 (degrees fahrenheit). .... lion: it is primary ana airec.i; ed power and always the threat ot t reeling j( , akes immec |j ate nnt j absolute possession of the subject of the 1 right of admission to inns, public 1 conveyances, and places of. : amusement. It supersedes and displaces state legislation on the same subject, or only allows it permissive force. It ignores such legislation, and assumes that the matter is one that belongs to the [domain of national regulation. "Whether it would not have Sensitive Spot Dispensation of intoxicating liquors is a sensitive occupation at best. It should be operated by the most responsible types of entrepreneurs to be found. Too often the opposite is the case. The laws, themselves, require that operators of taverns be people of good character and reputation in their communities. Liquor licenses can be canceled when reputation ,md character can be shown as bad. All of which is as it should be. The case of the Irish inn is particularly interesting. There, inquiries during a liquor commission hearing this week developed, the operator had left the place in charge of a bartender who had served time in Washington, D. C. We believe in giving fresh opportunities to men who have paid their penalty to society for conviction of crimes. We don't believe putting one in charge of serving intoxicating liquor to the public is a way to give him a new start in life, however. And parole regulations would bear us out further in this contention. It is encouraging to find county authorities inquiring into these angles of liquor license cases. been a more effective protection of the rights of citizens to have clothed Congress with plenary power over the whole subject, is not now the question. What we have to decide is, whether such plenary power lias been conferred upon Congress by the 14th Amend| ment, and, in our judgment, it has not." It was declared by the court that Congress could pass a law nullifying what a state had done by way of racial discrimination, but that it could not deal with a situation in which a state has passed no law or taken no action whatsoever. The citizen's remedy, it was pointed out, lay in procedures through the states and not through the federal government. inhibit young people in the classroom. Victor Riesel Rail Unions Demand Shorter Day amson Ar-t. The law made the of- work day eight hours. Rail- he has hern on train for six hours and have him work an additional roadors could put in as many as two hours in the yards - oi-| h other emp| due to raciu | 1-1. But overtime had to be paid | wherever he is needed. The un-; fpelillK< IlK , jdenU ,n y , the Presi- WASHINGTON — Virtually overlooked by the nation is the actual launching by labor strategists of the big push for a shorter work week ranging from 3fi to 30 hours al -10 hours pay. This drive' from the ninth hour. The work, ions object. They say that they now'is under way. It will pick up! week was not cut. The men could j put in tar more than eight hours speed in mid-July. And it could well get its most dramatic tillip from new union tactics inside the ]f. a ders, then- has been little of-. rid This lack of what we might call kindliness (although that is a milky term for the genuine attitude which I have in mind) is not universally a teacher attitude, nor do all teachers have this lack, but the act of teaching all levels of intelligence from every actual environment engenders a cynicism which is so infectious that new teachers seldom get through their first year before their private comments reflect the group illness. Among my many friends in the teaching field, and in my own attitudes when I was teaching I found this ugly blunting of feeling toward problems which we cannot solve in the ordinary classroom processes. The boy who resents authority, the girl who is in trouble with her first maturing event, the hypochondriac whose mother interferes, the showoff who is smarter than the teacher, the boy-crazy- girl, the lady one — all these and all the others who defy ordinary methods to bring out their latent abilities, while they may be suffering from very real and very agonizing difficulties, represent the teacher's defeat and are, in her conscience, her failures. If she is to keep at her task for years on end, she needs cynicism, a catch-all attitude in which to : bury these failures. Mr. Kennedy in his message | The attitude is expressed in pointed out that there are 30! terms. "He needs a good kick states which have enacted laws i in the pants"; "I don't believe in against discrimination in public places, and he seems to feel that, when the states fail to pass such laws, the government can step in and do so. It is precisely this extension of federal power which the Supreme Court in the 18S3 case declared unconstitutional. ! On the matter of employment, |the President is stepping on delineate ground when he insists that the federal government can corn- all that psychology junk"; "If her parents cared enough, they'd make her study"; "What can you expect from a background like that?" These are the common expressions teachers use to each other in private. What else can they say? They are. after all, not doctors, nor are they father and mother and home to every child. I say this, not to excuse, their apparent obtuseness, but to put it that there are agencies other than school which can help children who have problems, either physi cal, psychological, or mental. Smart parents will use these occasions to train their children not to expect the moon from human beings, and lo repeat their needs until they are met. Is not this a necessity for success, to keep going in spite of knocks? If there were a good way to screen out those persons from the teaching field who have unfriendly attitudes toward other people the teachers would be the first to fight against its use. They know they are not alone in carry ing blame for unfair treatment of kids, for every problem kid they get in the classroom has either one or two inadequate parents, and every kid, both regular and problem, they send out of their classrooms will meet an inadequate society which will not set aside sacred corners for the weak and scared, the hard-of- hearing, the blind, the deranged. It will have limited opportunity for the very strongest and smartest, and it will pay off those who cannot contribute anything so it will not have to watch hunger and death in the public streets. This is not the best situation. We would all rather have no anger, no injustice, but in the vernacular of those who have sulfer- ed the ultimate injustice at the same time they have provided the broad basis of the common culture of modern America: "That life, boss!" CASS LEIGHTY, Brighton CROSSWORD By Eugene Sbeffer lOHi. Congress passed the Ad- They want to take a man aftor jpp j an employpr lo nire somebo- whom he does not wish in his employ because of friction among work six or even seven days. Since then, say the brotherhood secret conferences being In here by the government in its effort to block :i nationwide railroad strike. Insiders are saying that the leaders of the five "on-train" unions soon will make the real issue inside those closed door parleys a shorter work day on the country's 195 major railroads. The sources report that the pro- change. if you consider layovers and other factors. So what they will push is a demand for an official six-hour day However, the railroad companies for some of the on-train mem- dent had one sentence in his message which probably will be received with much enthusiasm by national organizations that have insisted that there is an inalienable "right to work" and that slate laws are needed to forbid la- point out that practically all their- bers and a five-hour day for oth-j bol . un j ons t o make a contract on-train .rnplou-s are actually on ers. They want no change in an employer which would the trains for six hours though : number of consecutive days work-| ( . ompo i ( n( , latter to fire an em- Ihe dfiy is officially eight hours, ied. They're willing to go for six The firemen figure is slightly less for the I days. Tl irn and locomotive engineers!to a ?,()-. This would give them a 36- hour week. than it is for the brakemen and. These hours would depend on conductors. |the craft and on the type of trains posc-d cut in hours will become a!pay system based on hours, runs, stormier issue than the roads' at- j lOU-mile stretches, interdivision- To fully explain the railroad j—freight or passenger. Will tempt to lay off tens of thousands of Diesel locomotive firemen and others whom the lines say cost $600 million annually for unnecessary jobs, In effect, the rail brotherhoods are expected to end their strike threat if they get a 36-hour week —thut is a six-hour day (six-day week), instead of an eight-hour day. If they do \vin this, the unions will yield on most of the proposed layoffs. In fact, the unions already have put on paper their own proposals for the reduction of firemen. Behind this strategy is the almost unknown background of slow but steady efforts to cut the hours of work on the freight and I passenger trains hurtling across the country. The rail unions claim they have had longer hours than the rest of their brethren in industry. It was not until 1907 that Congress passed a law cutting the work day on the railroads to 16 hours. There were tough criminal penalties written into the act for violations. Itixluctxi to 10 Hours By 191fi the v/ork day was reduced lo ten hours. Then on Sept, al trips, etc., is like attempting to opnite a Chinese language computer the first time you meet it. Basically, however, the railroads now want to have the men put in a full eight hours of work. Alton Evening Telopraph The railroads will fight this. There will be a deadlock long before the- July 10 truce deadline. President Kennedy will then ask both sides to submit voluntarily to arbitration. If tl President will go to Congress. He • will not ask for power to seize the S railroads, ihc insiders. He [will seek a special law for speci- PubllBhert r) Dally^by n Aitpr^-rc\eRraph ,,, jul arbitration of the rail dispute. Prlnllnc Company P. B. COUSLEV, Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Subscription price 4Uc weekly by carrier; by mall $12 a year In Illinois and Missouri. .$18 In all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery Is available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS rbe Associated Press Is exclusively milled to the use for publication or all news dispatches credited In this paper and to the local news pub llbhed herein. MKMBEK. THE AUDIT BUREAU OH CIRCULATION Local Advertising Rates and Contract Information on application at the Telegraph business office, 111 Eust Broadway, Alton, 111. National Advertising Representatives: The Branham Company. New York, Chicago, Pstrolt tUld St. Loui*. Du ,.j nt , ( |)is arbitration, the unions will point out that almost four years ago, when the battle they asked for a shorter work week to counter the rails' demand for the end of fealb- erhedding. The railroads won their point, the unions say. Now the brotherhoods will ask for a compromise on the shorter work week in return. Whether they win or lose their demand, they will help speed up 1; iKir's drive for a shorter work week in all industry. The issue will have been dramalixcd in midsummer just a.s the House Labor subcommittee u n d e r Congressman Holland heightens its hearings on a bill for u 35-hour week proposed by the AFLr-CJO. (© i&W, Xiie JitUl Syndicate, luc,) ploye who refused to join a union. The President said: "Denial of the right to work is unfair, regardless of its victim." There are other implications in the President's message which will complicate the legal controversies that are bound to arise if the "civil rights" proposals he made are enacted into law. Thus, for instance, the President hints that some day private fails, t h eU <•' b oo 1 s may be proceeded against. He says: "While this (proposed) act! does not include private colleges and schools, I strongly urge them to live up lo their responsibilities and to recognize no arbitrary bar of race or color — for such bars have no place in any institution, least of all one devoted to the truth and to the improvement of all mankind." What will provoke the most embarrassment for members of Congress is that part of the President's proposals which deal with 34- 44 5o 45 11. \o> 4o i3 lla 3<5 4-7 Iff 10 4-1 14- 2.1 30 4-9 55 25 1.10 uses of public funds. He Congress to "pass a single asks comprehensive provision making it clear that the federal government is not required, under any statute, to furnish any kind of financial assistance — by way of grant, loan, contract, guaranty, insurance or otherwise — to any program or activity in which racial discrimination occurs." (O JUM. N.Y, HerajoXi'ribune. Inc.) HORIZONTAL 1. transient fashion 4. praise 8. float 12. exist 18. plot of ground 14, exchange premium 15, thing (law) 16, serve 17, mlcroba 18, treea 20. wrath 22. auditory organ 28. defaced 27. fat 29. remain 80. Hebrew priest 81. femlnin* name 82. gaiter* 83. pronoun 84. excavation 35. narrow track 86. afternoon parties 87. ship attendant 89. sheep's cry 40. yes 41. color 44. summit 47. bull's bellow 49. swine's pen 60. shrewd 61. Middle Eastern country 62. feminine name 63. goad 64. nude 65. slack VERTICAL 1.U11 2. region 3. frantlo 4. newer 6. experts 6. vase 7. devote 8. bet 9. epoch. Answer to yesterday's puzzle. Av«r»*« Urn* »! tolutton: M ntanlM. (O 1863, King Fiaturoi Synil., Inc.) ORYPTOQUIPS 6-21 10. tree 11. male turkey 19. young boy 21. beam* 23. bear 24. practlo* session 25. Charles Lamb 26. darkens 27. labla 28. mine entrance) 29. cut ot meat 82. kill 36. sailor 88. polished 39. endured 41. European coal region 42. Sicilian volcano 48. genua of wildcats 44. venomou* snake 45. common value 46. personality 48. money of account OXQWOB VWJHWPZVX Fl DPFB- BWV OB FQ DFQB KCO-VW-JUB. Oiyptoquipi OUR OTROULAB 8TAIROA8B *N- OHNDEJRBD VIOLENT VERTIGO. 25 and 50 Years Ago June 2IJ 93 ft The vestiges of a landmark on tllini Island disappeared with removal of the one-time framr and supports of a clubhouse, homo of Mr. and Mrs. Brower Raymond, for many years. Formerly developed by an Alton boating club, the island had become a noted renter of yatrhiug enthusiasts, when Cliflon Terrace was a popular summer resort. The Raymonds were commercial fishermen. Franklin W. Olin. president of Western Cart- rdige Co., was elected a trustee of Cornell University for a five-year term. He was a graduate of the college. East Alton's village hoard defeated an ordinance to forbid Sunday sale of groceries there when Mayor C. A. Vanpreter cast bis tie- breaking vote. Three children in a toy wagon were hurt, two seriously, when struck by a automobile. The driver bad turned to wave to a friend and failed to see the children at play in front of bis car as be passed the friend's home on Penning avenue in Wood River. Two of the children Wanda Watson, 7, and Jerry Mines, 3, suffered skull fractures. The third, Clifton Newcomb, had lacerations and bruises. After wandering about all night, an eight- year-old Wood River boy walked into the office 01 the Alton Vinegar Co. at Federal to ask directions to his' home. The lad had missed tiis mother when he left an Alton theater and lost his way home. The Alton playground season opened with 995 enrolled at eight centers. Supervisor Marie Chrisloe was assisted by Ned Ryan. Grounds and leaders were: At Watertower — Kugenc McMillen, Mary Peterson, Kenneth Best, Theresa Cope; Hellrung — .lames Johnson, Virginia Noble, Edward Kirk. Henry llaworth, Cornell Ncal, Dane Hewitt; Washington — Calvin Forbes and Dorothy Chappee; Horace Mann — Ben Moore, Virginia Bryant, Charles Pilger; McKinley — R. H. Ragsdale, Edith Vest; Johnston Street — Luther Crawford, Matilda Nicholas, Helen Jackson; Salu — Francis B. Means, William Otey, Dorothy Young; Milton — Charles Pfeffer, Genevieve Wilson, Arthur Well, Bill Boedecker; Indiana Avenue — Marie Wilford. ( Three extra-erew men were fatally Injured when a 42-car "dirt train" got out of control nn "Alton hill" and collided with a switching locomotive in the C & A yards near the Piasa street roundhouse. The three men killed were in a group <>' seven riding in an empty freight cur. ahead of the engine, which was buckod in the crash. The other four men jumped to safety. Dead were Anton Popp, Speros George, and William Stavoris. Three loaded dirt cars were derailed, and one lost a truck which rolled down an embankment crashing into the Plank dwelling. A stove in the kitchen was demolished, but no one in the house was injured. The yard engine struck by the runaway work train was taking a siding as Engineer Al Scott and Fireman Tom Connor heard the shreiking whistle of the approaching train. They were unable to clear the switch to avert the collision. Engineer William Huffner said bis work train failed to fully respond to the brakes. Oscar Schoeffler, 14, son of School Board President J. W. Schoeffler, suffered bums to his hands and arms when turpentine flashed as he was cleaning a paint brush in the kitchen of (lie family home at 4th and Ridge Streets. He managed to push and kick the flaming pan of solvent out of the door, saving the kitchen from more than minor damage. Then he ran to the nearby home of Mayor J. C. Faulstieh, where calls were made for the fire department ami for a doctor to dress the plucky youth's burns. A mandamus petition had been filed in Circuit Court seeking to force a quo warranto test of the validity of Alton township line changes. Appointment of eili/en committee to serve in an advisory capacity in the planning and building of the new Madison County court house had been completed. Members were Louis Lal/er of Highland, W. C. Hartley of Collinsvillc, W. 11. Joesting of Alton, K. W. Milker of Granite City, A. F. Prange of Ne«V Douglas, K. C. Wille of St. Jacob, and Charles Boeschcstein of Edwardsville. At Edwardsville, plans were being discussed for temporary bousing of the courts and county offices while the new building was under construction. Alleti'Scott Report JFK Berlin Plane to Fly Low WASHINGTON — If the State Department has its way, as appears likely, President Kennedy why the President is making the trip. Several suggested he may have will fly to West Berlin next week "some kind of a spectacular sur- under restrictions laid down byjpnse up his sleeve," but had no Russia. i idea what it might be. The Communists maintain that j More Anti-Castro KtiilliiiK Western aerial access routes to The Kennedy Administration is the surrounded city are limited toidoing virtually nothing to make 10,000 ft. Flights above that ceil-!good the President's ringing de- ing are considered illegal and! claration to "build a wall of men" subject to "punitive action." The around Red-ruled Cuba. U.S. has never accepted this lim-! Despite this widely-publici/- itation, and has refused to abide by it. But the State Department is strongly counseling the President to observe the Soviet-imposed ceiling. The Air Force, supported by members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is taking a directly opposite view. It is urging that the President's giant jet fly to West Berlin at its usual cruising altitude of 32,000 ft. The military are advising this as a resounding affirmation ofj this country's long-held refusal to recognize the restricted ceiling prescribed by the Communists. The State Department is advocating a conciliatory course on two grounds: That defiance of the altitude limitation would be a provocative ;esture at a time when the President is making exceptional efforts to reach an understanding with the Kremlin on a nuclear test ban, Cuba and other thorny \} v problems; that Chancellor Adenauer and other Western leaders observe the Reds' ceiling when they fly to West Berlin. White House insiders indicate the President is "leaning" toward the State Department's stand. An informal poll of the 17 members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (12 Democrats and 5 Republicans) revealed that virtually all deem the President's European junket ill-advised and unnecessary. Most of these senators expressed bafflement as to ed promise, administration plans and measures to combat Castro- instigated subversion in Latin America are still in a formative stage with few indications they will ever amount to anything. This doleful backstage situation is graphically revealed in a report Assistant Secretary of S t a t e Edward Martin submitted to a House F o r e i g n Affairs Subcommittee headed by Representative Armistead S e I d e n, D-Ala. Hf sought information on what the administration is doing to make good the President's pledge —and learned it amounts to little more than empty gestures. Martin discloses that the administration has decided against providing effective sea patrols to Today's Prayer Clod, 1 thank Thee for the reality of the human soul. H"lp im to sec man as something more biological creation or a passing social incident, but rather u being untouched by lime or unchanged by li u m a n decay. Christ has made clear that there is an eternal destiny for all. Give me faith to believe that when all else has passed away, I shall continue to live in the fullness of the life of God. Surely eternity is now. Amen. —Alfred Gran! Walton, Brooklyn, N.Y., minister, Flatbush-Tomp kins Congregational Church. (© 1063 by the Division of Chrlstlun Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.) prevent Castro agenls from being infiltrated to other countries. Such naval forces were urged, but the administration has rejected this. Instead, according to Martin, "Ihe main U.S. effort in helping to develop better internal security (in Latin America) will be to concentrate on improving land surveillance, patrol and report capabilities." Just what this ambiguous language means is not explained by the State Department official in charge of Latin American Affairs. His report to Representative Selden is replete with such double talk, as follows; "At the Managua meeting of ministers of government, interior mid security, representatives of tin 1 countries of Central America, Panama and the U.S. agreed to recommend to their governments tightening of measures to control travel of their nationals to and from Cuba. . .The Managua resolutions called on participating governments to take measures against the movement of funds, arms and propaganda materials for subversive purposes. "The U.S. will maintain its readiness to respond quickly to requests in specific instances for surveillance assistance of Caslro- Conununist subversive movements within territorial waters of Isthmian countries. The U.S. military alerting system for the Caribbean has been established lo improve' our capability to communicate information on movement by sea of subversive elements. "There has not yet been lime for the countries concerned lo make much progress in the difficult task of centralizing, reorganizing and upgrading their security forces. . .Many of the countries have basic political conflicts to overcome before there can be real improvements. (© 11)63, The Hull Syndicate, Inc.) MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSKl'II WHITNEY is unconsciously striving for approval through infantile passivity. These people are contemptuous of themselves, and perversely continue against the conscious wishes as a means of self-punishment. When origins of passavity are _ brought to conscious awareness |j through psychiatry, extraordinary changes sometimes take place. Do people like to bo envied? Answer: The stronger our feelings of inferiority and uncertainty are, the more we relish being envied by others. Most exclusive clubs are hull) with the knowledge that there are always people willing to pay exorbitant dues for the privilege of appearing exclusive. Even if they are bored and lonely in the dub, and seldom use it. they consider the money well spent if they believe their membership arouses the envy of others who cannot afford to join. Can you inorcaHo your will power? Answer: Persons who are only mildly deficient might do so, but the "can't say no" individual has a greater problem because he «0 1&63, King Features. Syna.. inc.) Aru girls more lioncbt than boyn? Answer: Not if we judge by police statistics. Don Wharton pointed out in Reader's Digest (April 1963) that in a number of U.S. cities girl shoplifters outnumber hoys four to three. They also account for 78 per cent of under- the-counter thefts. Store managers and police officers report a growing boldness and cynicism among them. As a rule, they are defiant when apprehended, and rarely show feelings of remorse when they are proven guilty.

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