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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH THURSDAY, Editorial An Equal Chance for All And now it's up to Congress. President Kennedy has given the national legislative body his recommendations for a five-point approach toward a code that would relieve our interracial maladjustments. Basic to the need for the whole program is the prejudice among some, the conception of inequality among others, and the apprehension among still others that many more are addicted to the prejudice and the conception of inequality. Most of the conception of inequality is based on the outgrowth of equal opportunity in the past — a deficiency that now is being relieved over most of the country, and which must be secured before the basis for the conception can be wiped out. And to this end the President's five points arc necessary. Already the country has moved into the main channel of this relief. It has gone a long way toward achieving equality of educational opportunity. This fight has been joined for some time. It is on a level where it can be more easily seen than some of the other inequalities of opportunity and can be more generally controlled. President Kennedy's program goes into corners of the problem that are more in the shadows. 1. He lias asked Congress for action to bar racial discrimination by hotels, restaurants, theaters, stores, and sports arenas. There is little reason to discriminate here except apprehension of the entrepcneur over public opinion and competition. This is still based on the conception of inequality he feels is in the minds of others. Yet we have known hotel keepers and restaurateurs, alike who have broken through these fears and escaped uninjured. In nearly all such places the economic line is the one that will sort out the patrons. It would screen objectionable members of the Negro race just as it does the objectionable Whites. 2. One of the basic difficulties now facing adults and youth of employable age among Negroes is the deficiency of their education, training, and job experience. President Kennedy has proposed a $40 million appropriation for federal programs that would train them and develop better skilled manpower because, as the President remarked; "Unemployment falls with particular cruelty on minority groups." 3. As indicated recently in the South, greater federal facilities for legal action to end segregation in public schools and colleges may still be needed, though this problem appears well on its way toward solution. The additional legislation should help push this over the completion line, and end the need for more roundabout approaches. 4. Biracial human relations groups have been in process of formation in many communities. Alton has been among the pioneers in this respect, and its own commission has done much, in an unobtrusive way, to ease frictions in the past and obtain progressive results. The problems are bound to mount, . even here, in the months ahead, however. Whether a federal community relations service would provide effective guidance for - these commissions or would only hinder them by generating a negative public reaction in some places is a question. A national clearing house for ideas and legal information, however, should be acceptable. 5. A bar to federal financial assistance for any program of activity where racial dis- ,crimination exists could pose problems of both determination and interruption. Re- cently the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America acted in this direction at its General Assembly. It set up moves to withhold monetary assistance or credit to discriminatory undertakings and to assist financially persons denied assistance by other agencies for reason of race. The federal government would prove far more broad and effective if it followed suit. One of the temporary needs amid the present strife between the races is a set of rules and a referee to call the infringements quickly and justly. One of the problems is our lack of a set of agreed upon rules in many directions, particularly in the area of employment. We have pointed out before that there is need to decide whether we must make concessions to skills and abilities in order to solve justly the problem of Negro unemployment, or whether we can expect to solve it by equal application of the rules to all. This, we believe, must be given an answer lest we be found following two different sets of rules. We don't believe anyone has the records of aptitudes and skills compared with job requirements to make any kind of an intelligent answer on this problem now. But answers we need and answers we must have. Possibly somewhere in our federal and state employment and training setups lies the solution to this problem to be brought out through President Kennedy's proposals. We hope it is found, and put into operation quickly and effectively. For the employment problem along with that of housing appears the next major hurdle in our racial rapprochement. * * * * * Outstanding Our community can accept with consid- sidcrable pride the fact of its airport's recognition as a site for one of the greatest air shows to- be presented in the St. Louis radius over many years. More than 100,000 viewers are expected to be drawn into and through the community by the Missouri Air National Guard event. Of course the show's presence here results from Lambert Airport's current overcrowd- edness and inability to handle the affair. But our community can take pride in the fact that we had a field ready to catch it on the rebound — though others in the neighborhood have been spoken of for future commercial development rather than our own. At least we are beginning to realize to some extent on the money our taxpayers have complained about pouring into the field. David Lawrence Comments on Religion in School Hours WASHINGTON — The contro versy over prayers in public schools is just beginning. The problem is how to explain the latest decision of the Supreme Court of the United States to the American people—and, for that matter, to peoples abroad The highest court of the state of Maryland, for instance, said it was all right to say prayers in public schools. Two professed atheists disputed this, and the Supreme Court of the United States sided with them and reversed Maryland's highest court In Moscow, it has been repeatedly contended that atheism is preferrable to any religion, and it has been insisted that there s no God. What shall be said to the students in American schools on this point? How can it be explained to countries whose governments do not forbid unrestricted religious worship? A prominent senator from a northern state was telling his !riends this week that, when lis children came home from school the other day, they said the teacher had "forgotten to say the Lord's PraVer." The prayer, which had been a regular part of the morning exercises in the school, really had >een discontinued without explanation. But what can a teacher say o the children? Suppose the student asks whether there is a lod. May the teacher answer he question? To do so might offend the believers in atheism and this, according to the Supreme Court, could violate the Constitution.. How might a eacher explain the latest ruling o the students? It might be lone this way: "The Supreme Court has said hat we must not pray at our morning exercises or any other ime in the school room. It says his violates the Constitution, vhich forbids Congress to pass any law 'respecting an establish- nent of religion'." "But, then asks the student, 'Did Congress pass such a'law?" "No," replies the teacher. 'Some of the states did, however, nd the Supreme Court says no tate can pass such a law either." "Where," asks the student, 'can that be found in the Con- titution?" "It isn't there," replies the Dollar BOls Illinois taxpayers can welcome with praise two actions by the state Senate Tuesday. The upper house passed one bill to curb the use of state cars by state employes for private purposes, and it passed another setting up a $700,000 budget to promote the state nationally among tourists. The former should save taxpayers money; the latter should be a good investment of of money to attract more dollars into the state — dollars our own tourists are taking out and spending in other states. The tourist attraction program should be of particular interest here, in view of our developing position astride the fast-expending Great River Road. The Allen-Scott Report Tax Cut May Die in Committee WASHINGTON — President Kennedy is seriously threatened with another jarring upset in Congress. As of now, he definitely does not have the votes to get his much- touted tax-cut bill out of the crucial Senate Finance Committee. All six Republican committeemen and at least three of the 11 Democrats are opposed to t h e legislation. That means there is a 9 to 8 margin against it several months before there is any likelihood of its even reaching the Senate. This is a highly unusual situation, and bodes ill for the bill. Should it be killed in the Finance Committee, that would be the end as it would not reach the Senate floor. The measure would die in committee. This menacing backstage situation in the Senate Committee further complicates the increasingly uncertain prospects of the tax legislation in the House. There it is still under closed-door consideration in the Ways and Means Committee, with no indication of the final form in which it will emerge. But two things are certain. The committee won't complete action before the middle of July; and the bill it sends to the House will be far different from what the President proposed. What happens in the full House is anyone's guess. The House already has strikingly demonstrated it's in a rebellious mood and wholly unpredictable. It's entirely possible the measure would be junked or drastically amended due to Southern hostility because of the President's far-reaching civil rights legislation. Crimes ol the tax bill are mat ing much of the fact that a tew months ago it had No. 1 priority on the President's congressional program, but now has been sup- erseded by civil rights. This switch unquestionably has cost the President votes. Significant Defectors The three Finance Committee Democrats who are against the President's plan to cut taxes despite a multi-billion dollar deficit are Senators Harry Byrd, Va., chairman, Clinton Anderson, N.M., who also is chairman of the powerful Space Committee, and Albert Gore, Tenn. Also, Senator Russell Long, D- La., is cool to the legislation and may wind up with the opposition. That would make the vote 10 to 7 against it. Senator Byrd feels so strongly about the issue that he has noti- f i e d the President he will not handle the bill on the Senate floor if it should get there. As committee chairman, that would normally be Byrd's responsibility, but he frankly wants none of it. Senator Russell, next in rank, is taking the same attitude. He Alton Evening Telegraph Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY, Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mail $12 a year In Illinois and Missouri, $18 in all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery Is available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS rbe Associated Press Is exclusively ntltled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited In this paper and to the local news published herein. MEMBER, THE AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION Local Advertising Rates and Contract Information on application at the Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, III. National Advertising Representatives: The Branham Company. New York, Chicago. Detroit and St. Louis. also has declined to assume any authority for the legislation. That will leave it up to Senator George Smathers, D-Fla., to be the administration's floor manager for the measure if and when it ever gets to the Senate. While he generally favors it, he is making no bones it doesn't have the votes to get out of committee. The President is embarking on his controversial European junket well aware of this dire backstage legislative situation. But he and his White House adv i s e r s profess to believe this gloomy tide can be turned when he gets back. Just why they feel that way is not clear, but that's the way they are talking. Whether there is anything to it but talk, time will tell. Former Secretary of State Dean Acheson is sharply critical of the President's going abroad. At a party with close friends of former President Truman, during his Washington visit last week, Acheson caustically referred to the President's trip as "asinine." "It doesn't make sense," he snorted. "Italy has no government; the Vatican has no Pope; Germany is in the throes of shedding its government; and Mac- millun is in the doghouse. Just what the President expects to ac- cpmplish is impossible to figure out." "Maybe its just a lot of hoopla and publicity," dryly observed a veteran Democratic senator. Significantly, not one of the score of Democratic leaders present, including Truman, said a word in the President's defense. No one challenged Acheson's acrid remarks. (© 1963, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) HAIFO — Israeli sources charge that a former Nazi colonel is in charge of the United Arab Republic chemical warfare research division of the Arab Army. THE LITTLE WOMAN © *"«< 11 ' © Klnr Pwtnm Syndicnte, Inc., mii. World r "What are you complaining about? You wanted some exercise!" Readers' Forum Wants Cane-Chain Data eacher, "but the Supreme Court ays the 14th Amendment covers t just the same, even though aws about religion aren't men- ioned." . "But doesn't this mean," asks the student, "that now we do what the atheists say we must lo—not mention God? Isn't that a kind of religion, too?" "All I can do," answers the eacher, "is to quote to you what he Supreme Court says in its pinion. It is as follows: " 'It is insisted that unless hese religious exercises are permitted, a 'religion of secularism 1 s established in the schools. We agree, of course, that the state may not establish a 'religion of secularism' in the sense of af- irmatively opposing or showing hostility to religion, thus 'prefer- •ing those who believe in no •eligion over those who do be- ieve.' We do not agree, however, that this decision in any sense has that effect'." But who can be sure what ef- ect there will be on the mind of the school child who has been told day after day that there is a God, and then suddenly is [old that the Supreme Court ha: ordered the teacher not to say so any longer in the school room or to permit any prayers whatsoever in a public school? A nationwide campaign of education is going to be necessary to explain not only what the court 'orbade, but why it is convinced :hat a prayer in school might be offensive to those who don't believe in God or in any prayers at all. Can the people decide this issue for themselves by a vote? Senator J. Glenn Beall of Maryand, Republican, says he took a poll in his state and found :hat 71 per cent of the' people iavor Bible reading in the school. Several senators have proposed that an amendment to he federal Constitution be adopted which would read as follows: "Nothing contained in this Constitution shall be construed to prohibit the authority adminis :ering any school, school system, or educational institution supported in whole or in part from any public funds from providing for the participation by the students thereof in any periods of Bible reading or non-secetarian prayer if such participation is voluntary." The sponsors of the foregoing are Senators Williams of Delaware, Beall of Maryland, Ben nett of Utah, Gpldwater of Ari zona, Allott of Colorado, and Carlson of Kansas, Senator Olin D. Johnston of South Carolina, Democrat, also s proposing a constitutional amendment which not only would uphold the constitutionality of Bible reading and prayers in public schools but would "preserve references to belief in or reliance upon God and any invocation of aid from God in gov gloat' with pride over this display of our community's greatness vote on school tax increases and bond issues. These tax foes think up some astounding reasons to support their claims. They say "Our school system is as good as when I went to school. " It seems terrible to remind them, but this is the 20th century. There is such a word as progress. And of course Irover Cleveland is no longer President. The traditional can and chain memento was the gift of the 1898 iraduating class of Alton High School. Would anyone have a record of the first presentation of the ;ift, including the names of the 1898 graduates who sponsored he idea? And was this a gift rom the "June 1898" graduat- ng class, alone; or did it include the mid-year class of that January, if there was one at the time? Surely it should be of much interest to the public in general, especially to the current Telegraph subscribers, to know the names of that 1898 graduating class who left such a worthwhile reminder of the value of a gocx education. Surely no one is en tertaining the thought that jus because the tradition is now 6 years old that it, too, must be retired, considered just "too old' to be of any value. One wonders why none of thesi "50-year class reunions" gave no thought of recognition or remembrance to any of the living 1898 graduates—if any—who mus now be well past their four score years. The "50-year class re unionists" are beginning to rise and shine, so maybe one of them will give the idea some thought Thank you for any information MISS MAMIE HOLLOCHER, 1124 Brown St. The Repentent Parents Our victorious Alton High School track team has focused attention of the entire state on our lair city. But some of the people who ernmental or public document, proceeding, ceremony and upon any coinage, currency or obligation of the United States that is standing or may come in the future years." But amendments of this kind may or may not be adopted. Meanwhile, the issues in the controversy over prayers, are growing in complexity, and the average man will wonder why his children in school can't be told by their teachers that there is a God or what the Ten Commandments says about morality. 5 1963, N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) Some claim they do not have children, and ask . why they should support those of others. But let me illustrate. Once upon a time there was a family of four people — a young married couple and the paternal grandparents. At election time all four voted NO on a small school tax levy increase. Then Tommy, the young couple's child, was born. Tommy went to a half-day school all .year in an archaic building (like Garfield), partly because of' what his parents had done. He did not go to college because the schools were unaccredited. Now the parents repented. Then they helped pass a new bond issue. This story is only imaginary, but it could happen here unless we get a big YES vote. DAVID KEYSER, 3759 Aberdeen Ave. ForumWrlters^ole Writer's names and addresses must be published with letters to the Headers Forum. Letters must be concise (preferably not over 150 words). All are subject to condensation. CROSSWORD By Eugene Sbeffer 517 SI 4-1 \to •45 2.3 17 3i 43 •35 4-7 to 4-ft II HORIZONTAL 46. butt 1. amall 60. Canadian province 63. within 84. perform 65. Arabian chieftain 56. German- born novelist 67. affirmative 58. contradict fragment D, knocki 9. crowd 12. assistant 13. Charles Lamb 14. exist 15. woody plant 16. patriotic 18. scorched 20. glided 21. snow vehicle 23. serf 26. chart 39. god of war 91. heavenly body 82, transgreii 83. Asian king. dom 86. letter 36. walk 28. finished 39. perceive 40. donkeyi 42, color 44. epoch* 59. remain VERTICAL 1. felines 2. employ 3. concept 4. noblemen 6. melted down 6. wing 1 7. cavities 8. floats 9. authoritative command* Answer to yesterday's puzzle. 10. money of account 11. Babylonian god 17. lubricate* 19. ardor 22. railroad station 24. vessel 25. Scottish. Gaelic 26. flat-topped hill 27. skill* 28. gifts 30. hyglenlo 84. feminln* name 87.fairy 41. gratified 43. decorate* 46. any 47. Insect 48. Sicilian volcano 49. male nickname 60. month 51. expert Am*i« Mmi of lolutlon: II mlnuttt, 52, storage (O 1M3, King J'«*tuiM Synd., Ino,) tndoiur* CKYPTOQWPS OHA U»A,UBJVA BXVSAUVBY YOOTOWYAYW ISOJYOX IYAXSOO. YMtariUy'* Cryptuqulpi SOMNAMBULIST BTUMBLBD INTO SMALL BED. 25 and 50 Years Ago June 20,1938 J. F. Havelka of East Alton was Jow bidder among three on providing 33,000 gallons of road oil for Alton's annual street repairs. His bid of 5,49 cents per gallon was three-quarters of a cent below the previous year's price. Following a survey by a representative of the U.S. Public Health Service, Alton planned to seek a special WPA fund for eradication of malaria mosquitoes. The project would provide for improvement and clearing of all storm water drains and passageways in the Upper Alton sanitary sewer district, and to eliminate mosquito breeding pools. An automobile accident failed to interfere with a family reunion held at Rock Spring Park in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Ed Miller of Culver City, Calif., who came here to visit Police Capt. and Mrs. Joseph Uhle. Light rain which caused slipperiness on the "Q" overhead bridge out of Upper Alton caused a car of the party to slide crosswise of the bridge. Five other cars, unable to stop, slid into each other, causing damage to cars but no injuries to passengers. Miss Elsie Rhoads of Medora had gone to Oshkosh, Wis. to attend a six-week teaching college course. A former primary teacher in Mason School, Godfrey, Miss Rhoads would enter the South Roxana school system in the fall. F. M. Jewell of Carlinville had donated to the Carlinville High School zoology department a plaster model of a grasshopper. He manufactured the models at his factory there for sale to universities throughout the United States. Chautauqua was preparing its' 53rd annual season. The Rev. M. Edwin Johnson was program manager and dean of religious work, and Mrs. Clair Ditto, accompanist. Carol Peters orchestra was to'play for Saturday night dancing. Mrs. M. Edwin Johnson was director of nature study, Elbert J. Byron and Ed B. Meriwether of Alton were directors of the Association. Hi-Y boys attending State camp near Decatur were Norbert Kuhn, John Paul, and Oscar Jaeger. Miss Florence Hunt had gone to summer school at the University of Illinois. June 20,1913 A fine young apple orchard which promised a large crop was damaged in an afterttoofl fit* which swept across much of the W. W. .Elweil farm, north of Upper Alton, while the owner was attending the funeral of a neighbor as a pallbearer. A standing crop of hay Wis also destroyed. Elwell said the fire apparently was started by sparks from a passing ralboAd locomotive. By the time he learned of the fire several of his neighbors had turned out to fight it, but had been Unable to keep it from spreading. Members of the Alton WCTU filed a protest with city officials to a proposed relocation of the bar within IlHni Hotel so that the bar. would have a direct entrance from the street, The women's group averred that the change in location would violate provisions of a special ordinance by which the hotel was permitted to have a bar despite its proximity to a church. . A bill of lading had been received here, but a yacht shipped by the U.S. Navy Department for use of Alton division of Naval Reserves was unaccountably delayed in arrival. Some equipment for the yacht, separately shipped, had been here for three weeks. John Leverett, Alton special assessor., was working overtime in an effort to complete the assessment for the Upper Alton sanitary sewer improvement by July 1. The assessment roll was to be the longest in the city's.history and the job was complicated by allowance of damages for needed rights-of-way. Plans for the Alton state hospital were to be entirely new, and some preliminary plans drawn by former state''architects were not to be followed in any part. It was indicated that months of work might be required before final designs for the buildings were completed. Plans had not yet been, started because topographical surveys were, still in , progress,' and building locations couldn't be chosen until a topographical map was. finished. Alton Turnverein was having a new flag pole erected in Turner Garden and a flag raising was to be a feature of an old-fashioned Fourth of July picnic there. The new pole was to support a flag measuring 10 by 14 feet. Victor Riesel Says Castro Gains by Two Unions' Feud WASHINGTON — During a recent briefing, President Kennedy was startled to learn that a feud Between two U.S. maritime un- ons could force the U.S. to pay lie Castro government exactly Jl million. Furthermore, this strife be- rween rival ship officers 1 ' (includ- ng seagoing engineers) labor or- janizations could literally doom ome 750 opponents of Fidel Cas- ro to Cuba's prison pestholes especially devised for political "of- enders." , . . . Thus, early on the morning of une 15, the White House summoned Assistant Secretary of Lalor 'James Reynolds, a much ov- irworked peacemaker now deep n the railroad crisis. An irritat- i d President Kennedy wanted an- >ther briefing. Not inconsequent- ally Bob Kennedy had been an- ;ered, too. But before Mr. Reynolds left for he White House he telephoned a National Maritime Union otfici- il, William Perry, at home in Slew York City. Mr. Perry is assistant to Big oe Curran, president of the Na- ional Maritime Union (NMU). One of its affiliates is the Broth- rhood of Marine Officers BMO). It has been in a running iattle — and I mean battle — vith another union, the Marine Ingineers' Beneficial Association MEBA). Was Final Shipment As maritime observers know, bis rivalry between the two un- ons, both of wich are in the AFL- 10, tied up a Cuban-bound ship, ne freighter Maxirnus at the Luckenbach Steamship Co. dock Philadelphia on Monday, June 0. The vessel had been chartered o carry 3,800 tons to Cuba. This vas to be the final shipment of be $53 million worth of invasion jrisoners' ransom. Secretary Reynolds talked con- identially to Bill Perry. The gov- rnment official explained that he secret agreement between James Donovan and Fidel Castro had stipulated that the ransom food and medicine were to be delivered by a July 1 deadline. If this was not met, the U.S., or somebody, would have to pay a million dollar penalty! Furthermore, the Maximus was was to return with some 750 political prisoners and refugees. If the deadline was not met, the refugee deal would be off too. Reynolds wanted the National Maritime Union to remove a set of pickets from the Luckenbach dock immobilizing not only the ship but the dock, too. The NMU pickets had been picketing pickets. The picketed pickets were members of the Marine Engineers' Beneficial Assn. They were picketing the Maximus. Why? Because the Maximus had been recently staffed by members of the rival National Maritime Union's Brotherhood of Marine Officers. By this time the ship might as well have been the SS Pinafore. It had no place to go. Originally-it had put into Philadelphia to pick the cargo off the Luckenbach dock. Privately Financed Because the U.S. government officially is not in the ransom op- Today's Prayer Eternal God, grant us the gift of living gracefully one day at a time. Save us from fretfulness over evildoers. Dull our sight to the faults of others and keep us from over-anxiety concerning matters beyond our control. Speak peace to our hearts through Thy Son Who offers to all the blessings of life without a troubled heart. We pray in His name. Amen. —W. Ralph Ward Jr., Syracuse, N.Y., bishop, The Methodist Church. (© 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council or the Churches of Christ In the U, S. A.) eration, the ship had to be chartered and paid for by a private outfit. That outfit was the American Maritime Association. Other Cuban-bound ransom — carrying ships had been paid for by another shipping association. It was the American Maritime Assn.'s turn and it had agreed to pay $3,000 a day for 15 days for the round trip to Cuba. But on Tuesday, June 11, shortly after the original pickets showed up to prevent the loading, the American Maritime Assn. pulled out. This left the Maximus without a charter to put up the $45,000. So the government decided to try to get the ship from the dock. The American Maritime Assn. said it could replace the Maximus with another vessel. The original pickets were ready to leave. But then the National Maritime Union pickets showed up. They claimed they had a right to man the Maximus. They would not be represented aboard the vessel's replacement. Then on Thursday morning a fight broke out and bones were broken and men went to the hospital. However, National Maritime Union president Joe Curran later sent a wire to President Kennedy saying his men were willing and able to sail the Maximus. By this time, Luckenbach Steamship Co. was in the'middle and so it went into court to have the ship and the pickets removed so it could use its own docks. Meanwhile the ransom cargo rested there. The government's plans were to try to fly it into Cuba — at a tremendous cost. All this Mr. Reynolds discussed with Mr. Perry. The latter said it was his union's right to man the ship. But this is just the beginning of another story. The Marine Engineers now are picketing other ships in other ports manned by the National Maritime Union. And vice versa. (©1963, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSEPH WHITNEY irom unbearable anxiety. The conversion is triggered by an unconscious conflict of such intensity that it is converted into physical symptoms, and sudden paralysis may occur. This is a type of psychoneurosis that shields the patient from the onslaught of anxiety. It is not a form of insanity, but a ptotective mechanism toward good readjustment. J)o most people think with words? Answer; Yes, because words re handily available. Dr. S. tanley Sargent points out in Basic Teachings of t h e Great ••sychologists" (Barnes & Noble) lat some deaf and dumb indi- iduals think in the hand movements with which they communi- ate, and a few have even used nger language in their dreams. !ven so, some psychologists do ot accept this theory, because lere are times when words can- ot be found to express mean- that are clearly in'the mind. Can paralysis he HClMnduoed? Answer: Not consciously, but paralysis may occur from what Is called a conversion reaction, which protects the individual (O 1B63. King Features, Synd., Ino, Is character fixed at age 21? Answer: No, social scientists have found that many delinquent and criminal repeaters, even into their mid-twenties, begin to reform for no obvious reason, It may be that delayed maturity is is the cause of their anti-social behavior. As the maturing process picks up, they learn more about their own nature, and ,try to live up to Its promise. In some cases there may be a biological change, lessening the need of addicts for drugs in their early 30s.