Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on June 19, 1963 · Page 4
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June 19, 1963

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, June 19, 1963
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PAGE FXMJR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19,1963 Editorial Provocative; Maybe Productive Whatever folks may decide about the accuracy and the perspective of observations on the subject, tve owe something, at least, to Southern Illinois University's staff for the stimulative power of its observation on our area governmental situations. Governmental leaders of the county got the benefit of these studies at a symposium in Edwardsvillc Monday. The discussion was sponsored by the SIU Public Administration and Metropolitan Affairs Program, and arranged with 3 view to guiding Metro-East area governmental agencies toward relief of their knotty financial problems. Among speakers was a University of Illinois Institute of Government and Public Affairs representative, Dr. Glenn W. Fisher. SIU provided its own Dr. Leo Cohen, an economist, who has been making some pinpointed studies, previously summarized publicly, in the bicounty area. As might have been predicted, some of the recommendations were for mergers of governmental units. Townships, long pointed to as of close kin to Neanderthal man, came in for their share of criticism and defense, as did school districts which still are too small. Community pride perhaps prevented an evener balance of economic support for school districts in this area, it can be noted by a stud}- of the tax bases, when Gov. Adlai Stevenson succeeded in getting district expansion going some years back, However our public officials may disagree with the findings in these studies, it would be appropriate for them to continue further study on them, perhaps with a view to conducting a few of their own or suggesting additional directions for the SIU-U of I experts to follow. These experts could help open minds to suggestions of local leaders who have had long experience in their fields, too. In the end, statistics may suggest solutions, but public feelings appear, these days, to achieve the final results, however close to or far from the statistics they may adhere or stray. 2-Party Kept British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan's close victory in the House of Commons vote of confidence on the Proftimo scandal gives his administration time to catch its balance after a devastating surprise blow. Had a vote of lack of confidence found his government out of office, and brought on nationwide elections, the effect might have been permanently devastating to the Conservative Party — which deserves a better fate. Some observers have conjectured that the result might well have destroyed the party. Being granted this time, the party can at least recover its balance, demonstrate to the nation its willingness to clean up the dirty linen caused by the Profumo case, check into some side leads into the area of conniving public officers which apparently had escaped the leadership's notice, and in effect show the public its fitness to continue as a major instrument of government. Loss of the Conservative Party in England would be almost as serious a blow to the public's choice in government as if either one of our two political parties was dissolved. It could well throw Britain into the same kind of tizzy that prevailed in France for a long time — and had to be mended by creation of a near-dictatorship — or the kind that exists in Italy now, with its mulititude of political parties making it difficult to 9 organize a government. We hope the British Consevatives get their affairs straightened out and continue as a major party — though it's unlikely they'll be returned at the next elections with a controlling margin. !.- «• sf fe * Goodbye and Hello Our best wishes go with Miss Louise Anthony as she prepares to leave the school district here for Skokie, TIL, there to share the benefit of her considerable ability at organizing school library systems. Miss Anthony, as Tuesday's story about her plans to leave indicated, has brought about a program of library organization here that has greatly stimulated use of books by our school children, a consumation not to be meanly regarded in a day when the older folks are constantly concerning themselves about the youngsters' exposure to "comic" books and suggestive publications. She has set the young fry to reading in a generation when one of the national questions has centered on whether Johnnie CAN read. At the same time we say goodbye to Miss Anthony, we can take pleasure in welcoming a new administrative head to the Hayner City Library, where the librarian's post has been vacant for some weeks. We wish David E. Holt the best of success in his local venture, which can mean so much to the older as well as the more youthful reading public here. » » » * » Cause^for Pride Wood River can be proud of the low interest rate it was offered on $700,000 in revene bonds to finance improvements in its municipal water system. Engineers directing the project characterized the 3.6189 per cent rate as the lowest in the Wood River area for a comparable project over the last 10 years. The circumstance is a tribute to Wood River's management of its municipal water system, of which the community has been jealously proud ever since establishment. It could be enlightening and carry suggestion to those in the city of Alton who are thinking and talking on either side of the proposal to take over the Alton Water Co. The Alton situation, of course, will be immeasurably more complicated than that at Wood River. Not by any means the least will be establishment of a price for the company. ***** David Lawrence Case Where High Court Inconsistent WASHINGTON — President Kennedy is planning to ask Congress to enact a law barring segregation in "public accommodations." But one cannot be sure just what is constitutional w 1.1 h regard to racial discrimination, for instance, in the use of public restrooms and toilets. The Supreme Court of the United States has exhibited a curious inconsistency in dealing with such facilities in the state courthouse in Norfolk, Va. Apparently no legal barrier is recognized today by the Supreme Court when brushing aside slate ordinances, customs, or eve n- statements of an advisory nature favoring practices of racial segregation in public buildings or facilities. The utmost flexibilty prevails, and the highest court has taken it upon itself again and and again to tell local authorities they must give due regard to the "equal protection" clause of the 14th Amendment. A decision rendered on March 9, 1959, by the Supreme Court, however, remains a conspicuous exception and is still in effect. The case arose when a Nigro attorney sought from the United States District Court a permanent injunction to restrain the City of Norfolk and certain of its administrative officers "from maintaining certain signs in state courthouse in city indicating segregation of races in public restrooms maintained in building for men THE LITTLE WOMAN 25 and 50 Years Ago "Sure it does something for you! It makes you look silly!" Readers Forum Parochial Privilege A Long Time Ask the TV comedians. They'll be telling us for weeks to come that the Russians aren't showing us a thing new with their distaff cosmonaut. Most of our women in the laughing-boys' books, have been in orbit for years. Drew Pearson's Merry-Go-Round Negroes, Birth Control, and Maremont WASHINGTON — Most important issue discussed at the World Food Congress was birth control President Kennedy paved the way when, referring to the American farm surplus, he said: "All of our stored abundance, even if it could be distributee evenly to all the undernourished of the world, would provide a balanced diet for less than one month." Arnold Toynbee, the famed British historian, went further. He warned that the world faced a danger as great as the "peril of atomic mass suicide" unless it practised birth control. "We have been godlike in our planned breeding of domesticated plants and animals," Toynbee said, "but rabbit-like in our unplanned breeding of ourselves." The World Food Congress adjourned with an awesome awareness of the problem, but no solutions. Kennedy and Birth Control Meeting in closed-door sessions with senators last week, Attorney General Kennedy, the President's brother, emphasized the danger of race riots in northern cities. He seemed more worried over Negro explosions in Chicago, Philadelphia, New York, Washington and Baltimore I nan in the Deep South. Bob Kennedy did not elaborate, but a steady stream of Negroes has been migrating up the Illinois Central R.R, from Mississippi to Chicago, while other streams have been arriving in Washington, Philadelphia and other metropolitan centers. They have been looking for the niillenium; have found unemployment, poverty, slums. The issue in these cities is not basically discrimination but economics. Negro women, unable to get jobs, have taken to prostitution, and the number of illegitimate babies in Chicago, Washington, Philadel- pliia and New York has caused a serious moral, economic and religious problem. In each case, the run up against the| problem has on birth information" decreed by President Kennedy's Church. In Illinois, Gov. Otto Kerner, a Protestant, appointed Arnolc Maremont, a Jew, to head the Illinois Public Welfare Board. Maremont, a successful businessman, took the most forthright step ever taken in Chicago to curb the Negro population explosion and the birth of unwanted babies. He got a ruling from his board that birth control information and contraceptives should be given to mothers who asked for them. This immediately brought the fierce opposition from Catholic leaders both in Chicago and the Illinois legislature, most of them Democrats. Mayor Richard Daley, a Catholic and a Democrat who has done an outstanding job for the city of Chicago, opposed birth control information. In the end, Maremont and birth control information were defeated. The chairman of the Illinois Public Welfare Commission who tried to take a firm stand on the most pressing problem affecting the Negro and the big cities is now out of a job. The Illinois legislature, led by the Democrats Alton Evening Telegraph Published Dally by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY. Publisher PAUL S. COUSI-EY. Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mall $12 a year In Illinois and Missouri. $18 In all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery Is available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS :.t Aisoclated Presi It exclusively milled to the use for publication of all news dispatched credited In this paper and to the local news published herein, MEMBER. THE AUDIT BUREAU OF CIKCULATION Local Advertising Rates and Contract Information on application at the Telegraph bujfoees office, 111 East Broadwa ... .__in. III. National Advertising Representatives: The Bntnham Company. New York, Chicago, Detroit and St. Louli, ay. Re and Catholics, voted against him. This, perhaps, is the No. 1 problem President Kennedy faces. He is caught between his own church and the danger his brother expressed to senators so eloquently regarding race riots from the exploding Negro population in the big cities. He is also faced with a growing white resentment — overwhelming in the South and increasing in the North — against the Negro drive which results from this population explosion. Said Charles F. Carpentier, Illinois secretary of state and a Republican candidate for governor during the Illinois legislature's debate: "I can feel a conservative surge in the air. Liberals are going to be in for a surprise all over the country next year. The new belligerence and aggressiveness of the Negroes is the reason for this. "When Adam Clayton Powell said that the whites arc scared, he didn't do the temper of the tvhites any good. The ballot box will be the whites' defense in '(>1 wait and see." JFK Cracked Down It wasn't published, but what brought the religious crackdown on President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam was a request by iim to Gen. Paul Harkins, the U.S. commander, for U.S. planes and helicopters to suppress Budd :iist religious demonstrations. This caused the first Catholic president of the United SUites to send vigorous warnings to the Catholic president of Vietnam hat repressive measures against he Buddhists must cease. Kennedy's warning was sonr> hing svhich a previous, Presby- .oriun president of the United States had side-stepped. It was otig overdue. It is no secret that the Eisen- lower administration intervened n Vietnam partly at the urging of Cardinal Spellman of New York to save the turbulent Catholic kindgom in the one-time French colony of Indo-China. <© 1863, Bell Syndicate, inc.) and women." The U.S. District judge, after the hearing, dismissed the complaint on Feb. 26, 1958. The case was taken to the United States Circuit Court of Appeals, which affirmed the decision on Oct. 15, 1958. In 1959, by refusing to hear the case, the Supreme Court of. the United States upheld the appeals court ruling, which said: "We think this action was properly taken. Whether or not the federal court should take cognizance of the case and grant the relief prayed was within the sound discretion of the district judge sitting in a court of equity. •Not Required' "The matter was one which affected the internal operations of the court of the state and within its power to regulate. Under these circumstances, interference on the part of the federal court was not required and the action of the district judge in dismissing the case was in accord with the principles laid down in commonwealth of Pennsylvana vs: Williams." The Supreme Court opinion in the Pennsylvania case of 1935 makes strange reading today. It said: "It is in the public interest that federal courts of equity should exercise their discretionary power with proper regard for the rightful independence of state goven- ments in carrying out their domestic policy. "It has long been accepted practice for the federal courts to relinquish their jurisdiction in favor of the state courts, where its exercise would involve control of or interference with the intern al affairs of a domestic corporation of the state. "There are stronger reasons for adopting a like practice where the exercise of jurisdiction involves an unnecessary interfer ence by injunction with the law ful action of state officers." Again and again state officers have sought to maintain segrega tion in public parks or in schools or in public buildings. But the Supreme Court of the U n i t e c States has rebuffed every such effort and has ignored the opinions of the state courts. So it is puzzling just why the Supreme Court exercised a kinc of favoritism for its brother judges in the courthouse in Norfolk and why it apparently didn't fee! that integration should be ordered for the restrooms there. Has Sustained Actions Again and again the Supreme Court has sustained the action of lower courts in insisting that restrooms or waiting rooms in railroad stations cannot be marked for whites and Negroes, respectively. The recent disputes in Alabama have involved a conflict between state officers and the federal gov eminent, and there has been no hesitancy on the part of the Department of Justice to intervene "in the internal operations" of the state itself on the assumption that the Supreme Court of the United States would sweep away any state ruling to the contrary. Just why was the courthouse in the City of Norfolk permitted to exercise a privilege of racial segregation which has been forbidden in other public institutions in the state? T h i s question remains unanswered today, and the judges in the Norfolk courthouse are authorized to continue or discontinue as they like their traditional ways in the matter of restroom facilities. This is a species of voluntarism denied to other agencies in tiie state of Virginia or in the federal government. (©1863. N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) The Pentagon, the world's largest office building, covers 34 of land in Virginia. It was coripleted in 1934 at a cost of about $83 million. The similarities of schools am clubs was not the point at issue in my recent letter as some seem to think. The point I made was that it is not yet legal to diver 1 public funds for private purposes, whether it is to keep up a country club or to support a private school. In regard to state standards, this is applicable only for state accreditation; and it private schools do not wish to be accredited, they do not have to provide what is the standard for state accreditation. If the education level of some teachers employed by, and the crowded conditions which prevail in, some parochial schools were under close state control, many parochial grade schools would be closed tomorrow. One writer also points out that schools are for educating a growing child's mind. With this I agree. But until parochial schools conform to this philosophy of education and stop using great amounts of time for indoctrination of specific belief, there is a great deal to be desired in their form of educating a young child's mind. If, however, this is what the parents desire, they have freedom, as Americans, to rear their children in this way. As for the penalty about which so many parochial parents cry, I can do even better. I am a bachelor by choice, just as children are sent to parochial schools by free choice. Yet I have to pay taxes for schools, playgrounds, summer sport programs, and many other things of which I cannot at present take advantage. But I consider my money well spent if it helps develop better citizens, and 1 do not feel that 1 am being penalized. I am single by choice, but I still feel that as a citizen I have a duty to support for the good of the public those institutions which are deemed necessary for the development of better citizens. What would happen if every individual who cannot or does not want to take advantage of public accomodations would ask for refunds or special privileges? Why should . parochial parents have special privileges because they do not want to send their children to public schools which their tax money helps support? The issue is not penalizing certain groups in our society. The issue is any parochial organization gaining any special favors from government. One of the main reasons this safeguard was written into the Constitution was that our forefathers knew the result of parochial groups dominating civil authority,. such as the Roman Catholics in Spain, Italy, and France, the Lutherans in Germany and Scandanavia, the Calvinists in Switzerland, the Anglicans in England, and even the 3 uritans in New England. Whenever this has occurred, many civil liberties have been aken away in order to please he parochial power which has gained control. It is the duty of every American to see that no such group ever gains any special privileges in this country so that t may dominate and infringe on he civil liberties which • h aa v e been gained only after many centuries of struggle and sacrifice. JOSEPH C. BAGLEY 2336 State St. funel9,1938 An influx of persons seeking to establish themselves on relief here was reported at Alton town board meeting when $9,948.31 claims for the first part of the month had been approved. These newcomers were not legally entitled to public aid, here, but many rejected offers to return to their former homes. "Cheating" Father Time of a half hour, permitted the City Council members to meet earlier, so they could adjourn to hear the "fight of fights", between Max Schmeling afid Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis at Yankee Stadium. The city ordinance required convening the council at 7:30 p.m., but the hands of the clock were turned forward a half hour. E. L. Gaines of Hawthorne PI. spoke at a reunion of his Carlton College class in Farmington, Mo. He was also soloist at a meeting of a choir of which he had been director. His sister, Mrs. William Thompson, was his accompanist. Alton area residents were protesting the closing of Camp Graham at Marquette .State Park, or reduction in its personnel. Dr. A. B. Goltz, camp physician, pondered the fate of the men, many of whom had no homes or hope for employment. James T. Waters of Edwardsville was appointed by acting State's Attorney Austin Lewis as his assistant. Dr. D. M. Roberts of Alton was elected president of the Exchange Clubs of Illinois meeting in Quincy. Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Lutz donated a bell for the new Trinity Lutheran Church as a memorial to their son, William. The Rev. Aloysius T. Motherway of Litcb- field was to be ordained into the Jesuit Order at St. Mary's College, Kan., June 22. He was a cousin of Mrs. James Kirwin of Alton. Miss H. Pansy Stafford of Alton Memorial Hospital .had gone to DePaul Hospital, Chicago, for advanced nursing study. Elmer W. Weidler, first vice president of -the Illinois Firemen's Association, and Macoupin County treasurer, was to succeed to the presidency at the October meeting in Peoria, he was informed. /tut* 19,191* An afternoon rairistortn, accompanied by violent wind, eased drouth conditions over a portion d! Godfrey township. At the James Waters farm, wind spun a barn from Us foundation, partially wrecking it, and rain fell In cloudburst proportions. A mile away, on the Samuel Lindley farm, no rain fell. The stopper grinding department at Illinois Glass Co. had been closed down indefinitely, and a semi-official announcement was made that its future operations would be curtailed. The plant lunch room also had been closed. Walter A. Day was to be graduated with a degree of doctor of medicine by Bennett Medical College in Chicago* ; Use of a privately-owned pathway to the interurban station at East Alton had been shut off, and the AGftStL interurbans. now were making stops only at Niagara!, Villagers and, other patrons were irate over the situation, and Village President Ralph Douglas was threatening legal action in an effort to get Matters rectified. Paul Zerwekh, Alton law student at Unlv|r- sity of Michigan, had won three swimming trophies there. He had been known here as an able marathon swimmer.- < , • . East 'Alton band cleared $55 at its Annual concert and social at which 55 gallons ol let cream was sold .' .,-.. '.. \ After Wood River highway commissioners had granted a franchise for the building of a trolley line to Alton State Hospital site,;, it was discovered that the ordinance had been erroneously drawn in favor of Alton, : Granite & St. Louis Traction Co. The corporation to make'; •the car line extension was Alton and Eastern Electric Railway Co. A special meeting of the commissioners was called to re-enact the franchise. John S. Gulp, chairman of the county board's special court house committee, Said that construction cost.of the new building was to be .limited to,$210,000. The balance of. $40,000 from the approved bond, issue, he said, would be required to meet the fees of architects .and provide furnishings, for the building. Managers of the Piasa fish fry conferred here with Manager W. H. Joesting of .the Board of.Trade on plans to secure special train service over the Burlington on the picnic date. Voctor Riesel Says MOSCOW—A Russian scientist claims that he has listened to ape noises and found that they are talking a distinct language to one another. He is attempting to learn it himself. Forum Writer s,Note Writer's names and addresses must be published with letters to the Readers Forum. Letters must be concise (preferably not over 150 words). All are subject to condensation. Release Wed., June 19, 1963 CROSSWORD - - - By Eugene Sbeffir\ 33 37 44- 'J. 45 ^^. 47 4-2 4-8 •53 too (7 24 IO •So More Negroes in Unions of South HORIZONTAL 44. play on 1. packing crates 6, friendly talks 11. sharp mountain crest 12, skilled in logic IB. motherly 17. Senate employe* 18. Guide's highest note 19. medium of exchange 21. decay 22. watch pocket 23. woeful 25. glossy fabric 20. noted poet 83. English river 84. to trim 86. unfettered 87. flower part 80. theatrical exhibition 41. bate words 47. sew loosely 49. away 62. swcetsop fit. mosaic squares 66. waxy ointments 88. retinue 69, Hebrew measures 60. vends VERTICAL 1. arrived 2. Hussion inland sea 8. bristle 4. summer, in Franc* 6. homily 6. family group 7. cavities 8. symbol for silver 9. gratuity 10. cicatrix 13. past 14. lease 16. Swedish philanthropist 20. Asiatic ox Answer to yesterday's puzcU, 22. laat 24. postpone 25. weaken gradually 26. salutation 27. toddler 28. spinning toy 30. macaw 31. denary 32. harden 35. portion* 38. tennis stroke 40. those invited 42. irrigate 44. leather moccasin 46. Sho. shoneaa Indian 46. Roman emperor 48, soap- frame bar 49. spoken 00. to decline 61. bog-i 68. man'i WASHINGTON D.C. - It has not been reported. But what hit the labor leaders hardest behind the East Room's closed doors during their White House conference the other day was a short speech by Lyndon Johnson in which he wrapped up a set of statistics. He told the union chiefs, in effect that in many sections of the South the building trades unions have a much larger percentage of Negroes working on construction jobs than anywhere in the North. Vice President Johnson was suave, good-humored, but his message was blunt. He pointed out that the nation's lowest rate of Megro skilled workers on the job is in Brooklyn. There it is three per cent of all building employment. He rattled off a list of other cities. Southern cities, even in the deepest South, run far higher than the industrial belt above the Mason-Dixon line. In some Southern areas, said the Texan, the rate runs as high as 30 and 40 per cent Negro employment. Then he eased the discomfort of :he 300 national and regional la- x>r chiefs who had been invited :o the White House for the June 13th conference, by tejling a story about a preacher. His good-natured jest drew a laugh. But the mplication was clear — the union- sts will be pressured into practicing what they preach. Johnson, who had been introduced by Labor Secretary Willard Virtz, who had been presented )y President Kennedy, took his figures from a survey of the first 50 cities in the government's coast-to-coast check. Not Comfortable It was not a comfortable hi|n- dred minutes for the union leaders. John Kennedy, who opened and actually chaired the meeting, said early that he could not help noting that there are -very few Negro faces on "your side of the room," and, "I must admit they are not on this side of the table either," But what angered the u n i q n men most was a short blunt talk by Bob Kennedy. It came aftei AFL-CIO Secretary-Treasurer William Schnitzler read a message from labor president Georgo Meany, now heading for Bonn, from which he will accompany the President to West Berlin. Mr. Meany's message said frankly that labor had not fully complied with its own avowed policies and should do more. But, he added,, in effect, it was moving in that direction. After Schnitzler finished, the President asked for comments from the floor. But before this could develop, the Attorney General, who had been standing almost. unnoticed along a side wall, spoke up. Many of those in the .room believe t h e meeting was Bob Kennedy's idea and that Tie had pushed for it. In about three minutes he irri- Today's Prayer Our gracious heavenly Father, I would begin this day by expressing my gratitude for the blessings of life which flow from Thy loving heart. Forgive me when I take the gifts of Thy love for granted or, even worse, imagine that I alone am responsible for the good things that come my way. Send me forth into the activities of this day with a determination to respond to Thy love with a life that will bless someone in need. In Christ's name I pray. Amen. —Roy H. Stetler, Jr., Cheverly, Md., minister, Cheverly Community Evangelical United Brethren Church. ._ 1983 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S. A.) tated most of the 300 there. He said they were kidding themselves and shouldn't. He said'they were making "infinitesimal progress." Then the lone Negro AFJX30 vice president A. Philip Randolph, spoke. He called for a Fair Employment Practices Law. President Kennedy replied. He disclosed that there was not the slightest chance. He said that he and Lyndon Johnson had discussed this with Senate leaders. There just were not enough votes to put it through. , It was all. very terse. The government leaders in all took about 20 minutes. The rest came from the floor. One of the most militant talks came from United Auto Workers president Walter Reuther. This came after Mr. Wirtz,' whose Labor Department personnel are checking all federal contracts, said that there were some 10 minutes -left for statements^) from the labor leaders. Reuther backed up the administration leaders. He said there would have to be more done by the labor movement. He demanded that the AFL-CIO reaily investigate itself. To do this he recommended the creation of a committee with wide investigative powers and the authority to act. Could Probe Such a committee could probe the unions which do not admit Negroes as fully privileged journeymen nor permit them apprenticeship training. ; Such a committee, if established at the national AFL-CIO convention in New York City next Nov. 14, could look into Northern unions' job dispatching and appren-, :iceship systems, which Lyndon'' Johnson appeared to believe were not as good for the Negroes as those in the South. (® 1983. The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSEPH WHITNEY vancement, instead of as ends In themselves. Doing business on the golf course, making useful contacts in tennis:clubs and bridge games, etc., have taken .away much of-the spontaneity and r«r- laxation of play. In Its place the" components, of worl$ have been substituted, such as' compulsiveness, overaggressiveness and discreet conformity. name 66. before 49. Karel Cap** At *r*(« MM* «< i<.utl«B : x *ln»tti. 57. symbol fot (Q 1S63. Kln» Feature* Synd., Inc.) tellurium MELZHfcPTNWMS MSTLPNAO WZ8B MLHNN FAO. 4* Yest«rday'» Cryptoqulpi DUBIOUS DBAUBR STILL FUSED FURIOUS Are accident reports reliable? Is criminology a science? Answer: Often not, unjess made by trained observers, Few people can give accurate details of a surprising event unless they consciously intend to do so. When rehearsed' accidents, hold-ups, etc., are suddenly staged before an unsuspecting group, H is rare for any one individual to report accurately what occurred. Npt only are excited people poor observers, but without any deliber- Answer: Close to it; since World War I the study of crime has benefited greatly from developments in psychology and social science. One significant early finding was that crime rates tend to rise in countries with heavy industrialization and high living standards, Ifye the U.S. and Sweden. More important! modern psychology has shown that un- Ans\ver; Many adults have for- conscious factors exert a stronger Do most adults enjoy play activity? ate intent to remember, they are gotten how to play; they go in influence, ,pn ; th,e criminal than, apt to forget or confuse the se- for plajj; activities ttjat may help the conscious motives, which he quence of events. them in social and business ad- himself recognizes. «j 1W3. King feature*, Synd.. inc.)

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