OBITUARY/ ......;., PAD ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Serving tke Alton Community for More Than 127 Years CLOUDY THURSDAY; Low 65, High 93 (Complete Weather, Page 2). Established January 15, 1836. Vol. CXXVffl, No, 133 ALTON, ILL., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19,1963 26 PAGES 7c Per Copy Member of The Associated Press. BREACHING PEACE Kennedy Urges 5-Point Plan For Civil Rights Legislation GADSDEN, Ala—This was the scene outside Gadsden City Hall Tuesday during a meeting of city commissioners. The Negroes staged the lawn sit-in as Foresee Jam at Civic Air Show By L. ALLEN KLOPE Telegraph Staff Writer Military-like preparations have been made for possibly the largest Influx of motorists Sunday to a single point in the Alton area. Tiros Snaps Weather Picture CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) —The Tiros 7 weather observatory satellite rocketed into orbit today and on its first global pass transmitted a series of cloud cover pictures. The robot weatherman, main assignment of which is to study hurricanes and typhoons born in the 1963 season, shot into orbit aboard a three-stage Delta rocket which blazed into the predawn darkness from Cape Canaveral at 4:50 a.m. '-' / ' The satellite, in 7 tandem with the earlier Tiros 6, could 'provide the most extensive photographic investigation yet of a full hurricane season. Two hours after launching, after the space package completed on circuit of the earth, the National Aeronautics and Space Adminis tration announced it was in sue cessful orbit about 400 mile above the earth. Minutes later tracking station at Wallops Island, Va., reported receiving set of cloud pictures which were described as being good quality. The success was the 18t straight for the Delta spac rocket. The 90-foot tall rocket brilliant ly illuminated the predawn dark ness as it thundered smoothly of its launch pad after a perfect countdown and sped across th sky on a northeast heading. A it started into the cold air of the upper atmosphere, a bright vapo trail blossomed around the vehi cle, creating a colorful spectacl high in the sky. Tiros i was timed so it am the earlier Tiros 6 would photograph the main hurricane breed ing grounds of the Atlantic am Caribbean during the full 1963 season. Previous Tiros satellites provid ed only partial coverage of the past two hurricane seasons. On its planned path, Tiros Ts two cameras would point at the hurricane zone on several orbits the first 10 days. Then Tiros Ts path and align ment for five weeks were planne< so its cameras could snap cloud cover pictures only In the Southern Hemisphere. The satellite again was to train its cameras on the Northern Hemisphere during the normal peak hurricane traffic of August and September, Tiros 6, with one. of its two cameras still ^operating, will be zipping above the hurricane grounds during Tiros Ts sched uled five weeks south of the equator. The twin satellites were to alternate similarly over the typhoon areas of the Pacific. Meteorologists hope weather satellites eventually will lead to means of controlling the destructive storms, possibly by chemicals or explosives. TODAY'S CHUCKLE More twins are being born these days. Maybe kids lack the courage to come into this world alone. (Q 1963. Ctneral Features Corp.) DATA AT THE DAM River atage below Precipitation dun at 8 «.m, 34 hrs. to 8 a.m. 0.4. Pool 39.3. None. •• f (Pictures on Page 19) More than 100,000 people are expected at the Missouri Air National Guard show ,at Civic Memorial Airport. At least 100 officers will be detailed to work the traffic into a pattern that will cause the least confusion. The plan will be augmented by preparations at the airfield where the Alton Volunteer Emergency Corps will be stationed in case of illness among spectators. Two helicopters will be at the field to fly emergency cases to hospitals. Six parking lots have been set up to handle 40,000 automobiles, and shuttle buses will transport the spectators to and from the airport. Persons with car radios are being asked to tune to radio station WBBY (590 kc) for traffic and parking information. An elaborate information relay system has been devised to inform the public. Members of the Civic Air Patrol flying along the highways, will radio information to Illinois State Police, who will relay the traffic conditions to WBBY who will broadcast to the driving public. Air show officials and police are encouraging persons to go directly to the parking lots instead of trying to get to the airport. Omar Lyon, director of arrangements for Civic. Memorial Airport Authority, said: "Buses will run frequently enough to and from the airport to transport all who park in the designated lots. Parking will be prohibited along the highways near the airport because of the need for emergency facilities." Parking lot 1 will be the grounds of the airport itself and will accommodate 8,500 automobiles. Lot 2 is' the village park in Bethalto that will'house 1,000 cars. Lot 3 will be .the entire Belk Park-which will accommodate 25,000 autos. Lot 4 is the downtown section of Wood River where 3,000 cars can be parked. part of a massive desegregation drive. Later more than 400 demonstrators were jailed for violating a breach of peace injunction. (AP Wirephoto) State Police Moved Into Gadsden GADSDEN, Ala. (AP) - Some 300 to 350 Negroes maintaining a protest vigil on the courthouse lawn were dispersed early today when a force of about 100 state troopers moved in to clamp a tight security lid on this racially troubled city. The riot-trained troopers, under the command of Col. Albert Lingo, state public safety director, quickly brought an end to the vigil started after the arrest of 396 demonstrators Tuesday. The Negroes had said they would continue until those arrested were released. The arrival of the state troopers, who used night sticks and electric cattle prods to run off the Stegroes—and the crowd of about 200 white spectators, ended for the time being the threat of a full-scale conflict. Lingo set up a tight patrol of the city, Alabama's sixth largest, with his helmeted troopers. Etowah County Sheriff Dewey Colvard estimated there were about 200 peace officers in Gadsden, includihg sheriff's deputies and policemen from surrounding counties. ,Of the. Negroes being held, Colvard said, "They'll stay In jail until the judge decides what to do with them." The Negroes will go before Circuit Judge A.B. Cunningham who issued the anti-demonstration injunction which they are charged with violating. The familiar pattern of racial disputes was emerging despite efforts by police to avoid arrests. For eight days, there had been few arrests although hundreds of Negroes marched through town repeatedly, even extending their efforts to a suburban shopping center. Their demands were similar to those elsewhere in the South—better job opportunities, desegregation of public faculties such as lunch counters and rest rooms, and formation of a biracial study committee to seek answers to racial problems. The situation appeared headed for a showdown with both sides County, Railroads Settle Tax EDWARDSVILLE ments reached with — Settle- two major railroads on their tax objections in Madison County for 1959 and 1960 — hailed as a possible compromise formula for a score of other lines — were signed today by County Judge Michael Kinney. The lines, whose tax rate and equalization objections had been settled through the court proceedings today, were Illinois Terminal Railroad and Wabash Railroad Co. Formulae Worked Out Settlements with the lines were achieved' through formulae worked out after a long series of conferences, extending back into 1962. The backlog of tax money lying idle because of'this stalemate was treated in a series of articles by the Telegraph the past winter. Subsequently, idle tax monies were put to work in banks in instances where such procedures were legally feasible. However, the rail protest tax fund presented a legal problem which could not be handled by directly investing the idle funds. Announcement that negotiations were proceeding favorably toward settlement with the lines, which could provide a pattern for similar settlements with about 10 other railroads objecting to their 1959 and 1960 taxes, had been made late in January by Assistant State's Attorney Burton Bernard. Alton NAACP... Asks for Ordinances Lot 5 is an area at 9th Street and Airline Drive in Rosewood Heights and 500 cars can be parked there. Lot 6 is 'the Wilshire Shopping Center where 1,000 autos will be parked. Lyon said all areas are within two miles of the airport and the buses can transport the spectators there within a few minutes. The City of Alton is predicted to be the only troublesome spot as far as traffic is concerned. Persons coming from St. Louis and areas north and west of Alton and through the city might find traffic slower than if it would take another route. Local and state police said traffic might "pile up" outside Alton to the east and be halted back into the city if some of it doesn't take another route. Hoover Showing Improvement declaring a no-budge position. Negro leaders said nothing would stop the campaign. Informed Kinney Bernard, who is county attorney in charge of civil matters, informed Judge Kinney at noon today that the state's attorney's office had negotiated settlements with the two railroads on tax objec- ions for the two years, and taxing bodies in the county affected were in accord with the settlement terms. Illinois Terminal Railroad's taxes objected to, Bernard pointed out, affect more taxing districts in the county than any other line —directly affecting about 45 per cent of the taxing agencies in the county. Bernard recommended to the court the settlement terms reached with the two lines. He said he hoped that similar agreements Efforts toward establishing "fair" housing and employment ordinances for the City of Alton were begun Tuesday night oy the Alton branch of the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People. At its regular meeting the association formed a committee t< meet with Mayor P. W. Day to suggest that a study be made as to the legality of instituting sucl ordinances in Alton. Further, the members plan to ask the mayor to arrange a meet ing with Alton real estate dealers lending institutions, represen tatives of certain labor unions that are accused of discriminat ing and the city council in the hope of obtaining equal housing and job opportunities for Negroes It was agreed by the group tha if no action is taken toward elim inating such housing and job discrimination, demonstrations will be held to point up the inequali ties. could be reached "with the 10 or so other railroads in the county —in the same spirit. of friendliness and fairness as reached with the Illinois Terminal and Wabash railroads." J. F. Schlafly Jr., Alton attor- ey for Illinois Terminal Railroad, announced his concurrence with the settlement terms contained in the prepared orders before they were signed by J u d g e Kinney at noon. "We don't think it should take to 1964, or three or four years from now, or another 100 years,' the association president, Clarence Willis, declared. "We wan action now." 'Good.. .Citizens' Willis added, however, thai 'we're good enough citizens o: Alton to show the mayor tin courtesy of-getting together in i meeting first and trying to wori the problems out." The Negroes felt that mass demonstrations protesting discrim ination are similar to the tactic of labor unions who use strikes tc enforce their demands. Iri regard to employment, the Negroes said there are as yet no Negroes on the Alton Fire Depart- men, and only "token" employment of Negroes in some industries and downtown businesses 'On the whole," Willis said, "employment of Negroes downtown is not good." It was the opinion of the Negroes that civil service (in effect for employment on City Hall jobs) is good "sometimes" but it also can be a stumbling block. "When they advertise for a secretary-clerk at the City Hall," one Negro said, "they always ask for experience. But where is a Negro girl going to get experience in this town? Nobody will hire her around here." One Suggestion One Negro suggested that perhaps it was time for Alton's Negro population to start some 'selective buying" to demonstrate their displeasure with employment practices here. In housing, the Negroes alleged that both real estate dealers and lending institutions discriminate against Negroes. * Real estate dealers, the Negroes alleged, hike the prices of homes in white neighborhoods when Negroes are interested in purchasing there and financial institutions will not loan money to Negroes to buy homes in certain areas. "There must be a meeting of the minds with the realtors and the lending institutions," Willis said. "Why must this city have a double standard?" Some realtors will not sell house to a Negro regardless of the money he has, Willis added. He said he did not think a realtor should have anything to say about who buys a particular house as long as there is a buyer for it. Another objection of the NAACP is the listing of segregated housing in Telegraph real estate ads. "Why must this distinction 'for colored', be made?" Willis asked. "We're against it. We believe the real estate dealers are 'dictating' in this regard because I know of whites who want to sell a home to me." ("The Telegraph's classified advertising department has sharply limited the application of race labels in its columns to those cases where their use would be purely an accommodation for the Negroes, themselves, and this newspaper will be happy to discontinue their use at a time when it appears they no longer are such an accommodation," Assistant General Manager Paul S. Cousley of the Telegraph explained. ("Some Negroes seeking employment ask us to describe them as 'colored' to save them numerous frustrating telephone calls. Some years ago we explained to the city's Human Relations Commission that we accept 'colored 1 in rental and sale advertisements to save time, disappointment, and downright insults for Negroes seeking living quarters. ("In employer ads, however, we bar 'White, only' or similar labels, but accept 'White or Colored 1 . ("It would be difficult for us to reject a Negro's request, for instance, to insert 'Colored' in a 'Situation Wanted' ad. But we have rejected many requests for other uses of such labels. ("Discrimination is the farthest from our thoughts in this respect. ("We will be happy to discuss this problem with the NAACP and work out a solution. We, too, look Clergymen Want Bi-Racial Board EDWARDSVILLE—A plan to aid Negroes in Edwardsville in their efforts to gain employment and adequate housing was urged here Tuesday by the Ministerial Alliance. forward to the time when use these adjectives will no longer b regarded as protection from fn stration for an important part our population who deserve bette things out of life.") Dogtown While the Alton branch of th NAACP is on record as favorin urban renewal, Willis said, ther was concern about what woul happen to the residents of Eas End Place (Dogtown) if the were moved to make way for renewal in the area. "Will they be moved to a segregated section of the city?" Willi asked, "or will they be able t buy or rent a house anywhere the want if they have the money?" Willis emphasized several time that at a preliminary meeting h had recently with Mayor Day, th mayor had pledged that he woul do all he could in working out solution to Negro complaints. The association also received a complaint from a Negro woman Mrs. Elsie Wilkins, 2160 Paul St. that she had been "forced" out o a student nursing program at ar Alton hospital because of he race. Her complaint was referred t< a special committee for furthe study. The minister's organization asked the City Council to form a biracial committee to study "the employment and housing situa- :ion" of Negroes in the city. "We can look around us today and see the need to improve rights of the Negro for adequate hous- ng and employment," the Rev. iValter J. Mehl, vice-president of he minister's group said today. The Rev. Mehl is pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Edwardsville. The Rev. Mehl said a bi-racial committee to assist Negroes in heir rights in employment, housing and "other areas" is "in keep- ng" with President Kennedy's national program of Civil Rights. The ministers believe the time has come when an instrument hould be established to deal with .he housing and employment sit- lation in our city in relation to Vegroes living here," the minis- er said in his letter to the coun- il. Mayor Raymond 0. Rogers agreed with the statement of the Ministerial Alliance. "This is a problem and deserves our very serious attention," the mayor told the council. "Something should be done now before we are forced into doing something later for our Negro citizens," the Rev. Mehl said. The request of the ministers group was referred to a council committee. Russian Cosmonauts Return Tot Finds Perfume and.,.. Big Swig Makes A romatic Ricky NEW YORK (AP) Former President Herbert Hoover has made "an almost miraculous 3m- irovement" from his illness, a amily spokesman said to/lay The spokesman, Neil MacNeil, aid "his family and his friends, well as his physicians, are stounded by his vitality." MacNeil said no medical bul- etlns would be issued after today I the former president, 88, con- nues to improve. A bulletin this morning said here is no evidence that Hoover's resent illness is connected with he cancer removed frdn his arge intestine last August/ By GEORGE LEIGHTY Telegraph Staff Writer Ricky Campbell, 2y 2 years old, spread the fragrance of Chantilly all the way from Cottage Hills to Alton Tuesday evening after drinking a bottle of perfume. The boy rummaged the perfume bottle out of his mother's dresser drawer at his home, 368 Oak Drive, Cottage Hills, drank most of the contents, then complained "Ugh!" "He came out of the bedroom pointing to his mouth and making a face," said his mother, Mrs. Kenny Campbell. "I was scared, so I took him to the hospital," she added. At Wood River Township Hospital, Ricky spread the exotic fragrance of Chantilly through the emergency room and down the halls. Since the Campbell family physician happened to be at St. Joseph's Hospital, the boy was taken to that institution's emergency room, where smiling attendants were treated to the powerful aroma. The physician, sniffing in the hall before he entered the emergency room, came in and said Ricky was his "first perfume patient," Mrs. Campbell said, This morning Mrs. Campbell was convinced that Ricky would experience no ill effects. But the incident, she said, proved one thing: However pleasant Chantilly may be to the world of women, it is useless as an anti"He smells By EEINHOLE- ENSZ MOSCOW (AP)-The Soviet Union's man-woman space duet returned safely to earth today—he with a record 82 orbits and she . with 49, landing in virgin lands m her area, the Soviet news agency Tass said. Lt. Col. Valery Bykovsky and his blonde, dimple-chinned partner, Valentina Tereshkova, ended flights in their separate space vehicles, Tass said. Bykovsky was in his fifth day in space, Miss Tereshkova in her third. AVEC Drags For Body of Missing Woman The Alton Volunteer Emergent* Corps was dragging a rural pon today after Mrs. Oscar N. Ston of Rte. 1, Blue Ridge Road, God frey ,was reported missing Tues day. Dragging operations began abou 11:30 a.m. today. According to Special Deputy Sheriff Matt Horn, the woman was last seen Tuesday morning hoeing her garden. The woman reported ly disappeared while her mother in-law, visiting her at the time, was in the house, sewing. The pond being dragged is located on the Stone property, about 100 feet from the house. It is about 15 feet deep in some places, neighbors said. No money was taken from the house and no clothes owned by the woman were gone, according to the report. Neighbors of the Stones did not see any taxicabs or other automobiles stopping on the road at the time, or anyone walking on the road, it was learned. Mrs. Stone is reported to weigh about 105 pounds, with brown hair, medium build and about 5 feet, 2 inches tall. The deputy said she is Warm Debate Seen By FRANK CORMIER WASHINGTON (AP)—President Kennedy sent Congress today a five-point civil rights program which he said would provide the most "responsible, reasonable and urgently needed solutions" to discrimination in public accomoda- tions, education and employment. In a 5,500-word special message, Kennedy proposed one of the broadest civil rights programs ill nearly a century to meet what he termed "the growing moral crisis in American race relations." Presented in language that took full account of the inevitable bitter fight over them in Congress, Kennedy's proposals would: 1. Bar racial discrimination by iiotels, restaurants, theaters, stores and sports arenas. As a last resort the attorney general would have authority to sue in such a case if the rejected individual could not finance the case limself. Training 2. Add $40 million to next year's budget to broaden existing and proposed federal programs aimed at training and developing skilled manpower, and expanding the em- iloyment opportunities of young seople. Kennedy said "unemployment falls with special cruelty on minority groups." 3. Authorize the attorney general to initiate federal court suits to force desegregation oi public schools and colleges when students 'have been "denied equal protection of the laws." 4. Create a federal community relations service to work with biracial human relations commit-, :ees in local communities "to help ease tensions and suspicious, to lelp resolve interracial disputes and to work quietly to improve relations in any community threatened or torn with strife." 5. Enact a law "making it clear that the federal government not required to furnish any and of financial assistance to any program or activity in which acial discrimination occurs." Kennedy cited economic, foi- ign policy and other reasons for lis proposals but said the over- iding argument is that they are right." A Daily Insult He called discrimination against 'egroes in public accommodations a daily insult that has no place n a country proud of its heritage —the heritage of the melting pot, f equal rights, of one nation and ne people." "No one has been barred on ac- ount of his race from fighting or ying for America—there are no 'hite' or 'colored' signs on the (Continued on Page 2, Col. 1) FRAGRANT CASE Ricky Campbell became area's most fragrant medical case Tuesday evening by drinking bottle of Chart tilly perfume. •• Tass said Valentina landed about 380 miles northeast of Kara- ganda, a coal mining center in the central Asian republic of Kazakhstan; and Bykovsky about 330 miles northwest. "The cosmonauts are feeling well," Tass reported. "The flight has ended successfully." Loudspeakers carried the news to joyous Moscovites. Television and radio stations also flashed the word. Bykovsky landed at 2:06 p.m. and Valentina came down about three hours earlier at 11:22 a.m., Moscow time, Tass said. Bykovsky went into space at 3 p.m. last Friday, while Valentina was launched at 12:30 p.m. Sunday. "At the landing points the cosmonauts were met by landing crews, friends, doctors, journalists and sports commissars," Tas aid. "Cosmonauts Valentina Teresh- kova and Valery Bykovsky are feeling well," it said. Bykovsky's 82-orbit flight exceeded the 64 orbits made by Soviet cosmonaut Andrian Nikolay- ev last August. 80 Cardinals Prepare To Begin Conclave By BENNET M. BOLTON VATICAN CITY (AP) — Eighty cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church prayed for divine guidance today before assembling in con clave to elect a successor to Pope John XXIII. The cardinals attended a solemn Mass to the Holy Spirit offeree in St. Peter's Basilica by their French dean, Eugene Cardina Tisserant. Late in the afternoon they were to enter a sealed-off area of the apostolic palaces around the Sistine Chapel, not to emerge until they have chosen the 262nd pontiff of the Church. Voting will begin Thursday Four ballots will be held daily ii the Sistine Chapel—two in the morning and two in the afternoon —until one man gets 54 votes a two-thirds majority. Although church law does not bar a lesser prelate or even a layman, the new Pope is certain to be a cardinal and probably will be an Italian. The election is expected to be a lengthy process because of the division in the college between conservatives and progressives, a division brought to world attention during the first session of Pope John's Ecumenical Council last fall. Neither the ciijjgervative nor the progressive bloc is large enough to elect a Pope without support from cardinals regarded as middle-of-the-road moderates. The conservatives, who long have dominated the Church through their control of the Vatican Curia, are numerous enough to block a candidate. This has led observers to believe a moderate eventually will be chosen as a compromise pontiff who will institute a period of appraisal after Pope John's constant efforts to modernize the Church and find a way to get along with communism while not jeopardizing Catholic philosophy. The first vote is expected to put many cardinals in the running. Subsequent ballots are sure to narrow the field to such cardinals as Giovanni Battista Montini of Milan; Carlo Confalonieri of the Curia, the Church's administrative headquarters; Giovanni Urbani of Venice; Paolo Marella of the Curia and Giacomo Lercaro of Bologna. Cardinals Montini, Urbani ..ercaro are considered progressives. Cardinals Confalonieri and Marella are looked upon as mod* erates. Conservatives most pronv inently mentioned include Alfonso Ordinal Castaldo of Naples and rrancesco Ordinal Robert! of the Curia.
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