Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on June 17, 1963 · Page 4
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Monday, June 17, 1963
Page 4
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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH MONDAY, JUNE 17,1963 Editorial Zonin Need Demonstrated The very nature of an application for a change in Godfrey classification, brought to light Saturday, demonstrates the need for such regulation, and the county hoard's wisdom in adopting the program. A Godfrey family wants a lot next to their residence changed to business classification. Because of other nearby business developments, the owners report, the lot they own next to their house now becomes undesirable for anything other than business development. It is unmarketable for residential use. Here we have a quietly eloquent demon- stration of what further unregulated use of real estate in the county could do to the values of other property where the uses clashed. The unregulated use of property in the Hoskins residence neighborhood had reached such a point that no one else wanted to use it for residence purposes. Other developments have occurred likewise in Godfrey Township. Now, however, they can be halted or at least slowed down to a controllable spread, and objectionable uses in new areas can be headed off. Millions Are Truly Hungry Predictions of the tremendous growth in the world's population, made during the World Food Congress in Washington, are alarming and should prove challenging. Speakers there estimated, on the basis of past changes in the rate of increase, that world population would double once more within the next 37 years unless some measures were undertaken to curb present trends. Spokesmen for the Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations have said during the conference that the well-to-do nations can still continue to feed themselves. But the backward nations, especially those in the Orient, already are shadowed by starvation. There, they indicate, true miracles of food production and even birth spacing would have to develop if a major catastrophe were to be headed off. Aside from the FAO analysis of the situation, political observers could see rather clearly that this could be a real hotbed for continuing spread of communism unless the Western world could find a genuine answer. Perhaps the most interesting byproduct of the conference, however, will be the broad spread of information supporting statements made frequently through the years by missionaries of the Christian church, returning from their foreign fields. These are that among the worlds three billion people, between 300 million and 500 million are underfed, while a billion and a half suffer from hunger or diets of improper nutritional value. ''•'•Will "these people admire the Western countries with their relatively plentiful foodstuffs^-albeit sometimes these are not well distributed among all their people Or will they be envious of us and ready to be caught up and taken advantage of by the Communists in the backwash of that envy? Our world travelers and those who work with these people have been telling us about their starvation for years. We may have dismissed these details as merely part of an appeal for support of a cause. Now we can reg- ogni/.c it through the eyes of men and women making a down-to-earth and truly serious evaluation of a world-wide problem. Saddening In the death of Dr. James D. McCloskey Alton has suffered a grievous loss from both a professional and civic viewpoint. Professionally he represented a field whose specialization has kept it reduced to a never sufficient number of men, and in which Alton is blessed with a complement of top practitioners. In the civic field Dr. .McCloskey was not only an interested but often sacrificial leader in efforts that attracted his fancy. He took militant part in many of the de* vclopmenul and protective activities in Godfrey Township. Many times he went to the fore among his fellow residents in fights against business and real estate developments that would be objectionable and destructive. His contributions to discussions in such forums of public affairs as the East End Improvement Association always proved challenging. Outspoken on matters of public interest, he could also be a kindly and sympathetic practitioner, and had a way of imparting even sad news which strengthened and prepared his patients spiritually for the long haul ahead. Those who knew and associated with Dr. McCloskey, whether on a civic or professional basis, cannot escape a deep sadness over his loss. As Is Challenge Decision of Prime, Minister Harold Mac-, millan's cabinet to harden its shell against outside attacks and ride out the Profumo scandal can be received with a considerable gratitude by both England and the free world. It would seem only logical to assume that by resigning, the government would have accepted the responsibility for the Profumo affair as a government. It was not responsible. So far it has been shown to be a purely personal affair, and Profumo is being replaced. It is hardly logical to assume from Profumo's own relations with Christine Keeler that all members of the cabinet had maintained similar relations with like women. Yet the-cabinet's mass resignation would constitute an admission of this. A complete set of elections in Britain immediately and over such a question could do a tremendous amount of harm to the Western cause in the world. As long as the scandal can be localized to Profumo, there is little logical reason why the remainder of the cabinet should not remain .status quo. A resignation would appear^ immature and childish by American standards. Fifty four per cent of Alton Senior High School's graduates have indicated their intentions of going on to advanced education— whether it be in colleges and universities or trade schools. Some of these decisions may have been based on realization of the difficulty of obtaining employment currently. Most, we feel, resulted from genuine de- sides for higher educations which would fit the students out as more useful citizens. The score here is heartening to those who have been discouraged through the year by news of alarming high school dropouts. It should also be encouraging to those who have had an interested eye on the quality of education and guidance given our young people through the Alton public schools. It is indicative of wise counseling by those assigned as guides for our youth in this direction. At the same time it should present a challenge to our general citizenry who must realize that such interest in college education among Alton students also follows a pattern among those in other communities. This, in turn, means an increasing need for capacity in our institutions of advanced education. Drew Pearson's Merry-Go-Round Kennedy to Act on Railroads WASHINGTON — Almost ever|tiate away several thousand jobs sincfc March 4, when the Supreme without a struggle. This goes for Court handed down its decree sup- other affected brotherhoods, porting the railroads' right to! So to prevent a strike, Presi eliminate so-called featherbedding, the representatives of the railr'oads and the railroad brotherhoods have been negotiating patiently but with absolutely no results!- Their mediator is skilled assistant secretary of labor Jim Reynolds; a friend of labor and a former ; member of the National Labor 'Relations Board. He knows the problems of both labor and management and is sympathetic to the railroads, for lie was once vice president of the American Locomotive charge of labor relations. Sen. Wayne Morse, D- Ore., negotiator for the shipping strike, paid tribute to him as one of the best negotiators in the business. However, though Reynolds has patiently kept both sides talking, they have now reached the end of the road. Officially it expires at midnight tonight. The railroads, bandly hit by airplane and truck competition, claim they can save $600,000,000 a year by eliminating leatherbed- ding. The union's claim between 65,000 and 80,000 men will be thrown out of work. Ed Gilbert is head of the brotherhood of Railroad Firemen, the union most affected by the use of diesel locomotives, which ~* require no coal shoveling firemen, Gilbert is one of the squarest union leaders in the business. But no union leader it going to nego dent Kennedy will either call on Congress to pass legislation requiring copulsory arbitration, or he may propose voluntary arbitration with both sides bound to accept the award. Pardoxically, Kennedy when a senator asked for appointment to the Senate Labor Committee, where he was instrumental in writing pro-labor legislation. It was labor which worked hard to nominate him at Los Angeles and raised money to elect him. Judg- Allon Evening Telegraph Published Dally by Allon TeleBraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY. Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY. Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mall J12 a year In Illinois and Missouri, $18 In (ill other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery U available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS fhe Associated Press Is exclusively .milled to the use for publication of nil news dispatches credited In thin paper and to the local news pub lUlied herein. MliMHEH, THE AUDIT BUREAU OK CIRCULATION Local Advertising Rates and Contract intormatlon on application at the Telegraph business office. 111 East Broadway, Alton, 111. National Advertising Repretentatlves: Tht Branham Company. New York, Chicago, Detroit and St. Louli. ing by a recent meeting of lab or leaders with President Georg Meany, they are expected to h his strongest supporters in 19ft However, the showdown over railroad strike is inescapable, an the president is forced to line u against his old supporters. Macmillan's "Model" Government President Kennedy is not happj about stopping in London on th heels of the Profumo sex scanda and is taking paitis to impress th that his stop will not be political endorsement of the Mac millun "model" government. This is why Kennedy rolled ou the red carpet for George Brown deputy leader of the British Labo Party, now in Washington afte filling a lecture engagement < Harvard. • Kennedy sent sever; aides to Harvard to brief Brow on United States policies, afte which Brown was invited to th White House. He was ^ivon Ion appointments with Secretary o State Rusk, Secretary of Defens McNamara, and Secretary of th Interior Udall who took him on cruise down the Potomac. Th Americans made it clear tha they expect the Labor Party t win the next British election. Rusk and McNamara also pu quiet pressure on Brown to ac cept the idea of a nuclear surfac fleet. However, the British leai er, who would be the defense mit ister in any labor governmen refused to go along. i 1963. Bell Syndicate, Inc.) David Lawrence Laws Alone Won't Solve The Problem WASHINGTON — In timo of risis — national or international — the process of reason should IP tho court of first resort. This pplies as much to an oubreak of acial violence at home as it docs o an "esrnlating" threat of war broad. Sometimes it is too laic o intervene, as passions run high nd inevitably produce physical onflict. But more often, as the •oice of dispassionate counsel is card, a debacle can be prevented. This "formula of reason" is us- lally referred to as mediation. Before it can be made effective, lowever, there has to be a truce. Each side must stay its own hand o that serious discussion of a vay lo attain peace can be under- aken in an atmosphere of con- iliation. The problem that faces Amerca today in the debate over acial discrimination requires the mobilization of reason at the grassroots, too. The controversy as long smouldered, but now is laring up and shows signs of iroducing a bitter dissension, if lot more serious consequences. Basic in the confused situation hat has arisen is the difference etween voluntarism in a free erous Community and certain coercive mail, aws and executive orders that hang tenuously on constitutional ambiguities. For without widespread public assent, there can je no acceptance of edicts derived even from duly enacted legis- ation of unquestioned constitutionality. This svas evidenced by conditions that arose under the 18th Amendment and the Volstead Act, prohibiting the manufacture and sale of intoxicating iquors. There is no anology, of course, in the subject matter, but there is a lesson to be learned from the prohibition era which witnessed an almost nationwide disregard of a law as well as of a legally inserted provision of the Constitution itself. President Kennedy, in his address to the nation over television said that legislation "cannot solve this problem alone." But he might also have said that legislation can be of avail only when built upon the unquestioned constitutionality of the laws proposed, together with a nationwide public sentiment behind a program that is accepted by both sides as a reasonable adjustment of the differences involved. Morrow's Formula One of the ablest ambassadors of the .United States, the''late Dwight Morrow, who served in Mexico in the ;i920's when the atholic church there was torn etween the demands of the Mex- can government and the Spanish erarchy, acted as an unofficial mediator in this grave dispute etween Church and State. As he old some newspapermen later, no rogress could be made until both ides had solemnly agreed that the ontroversy was "unsolvable." 'rom that moment on, he said, definite progress was made. Both sides then- put their minds on 'how to live with the problem," although the formal position of the church and the government remained the same. A similar situation confronls both sides in the racial controversy in the United States today. Each will argue for its legal rights, but this doesn't alleviate the situation nor prevent disturbances to internal peace and the serious results that can follow, in eluding a loss of lives. Why, therefore, couldn't t h e mayor of every city and the head of the governing body of every county ask each citizens' group in the community — civic, business, educational, and even racially supported organizations — to send delegates to a state-wide THE LITTLE WOMAN GAS • Ol L "Heavy oil—light oil—what do I care how much the oil weighs?" and in the press, radio, and tele- Readers Forum Could Lead to Takeover In deference to a few acquaintances, I have been reticent in expressing my views on the controversial subject of Birchism, although my occasional references to the society have brought numerous unsolicited pamphlets in the nail. Mrs. Carmen Murrell's recent eye-opening letter, however, tempts me to pull the cork on a few, things I have kept bottled up for a long time. I grant that many John Birch Society members are quite sincere in their beliefs. I only suggest that these individuals read the book, "I Write for Freedom," by Thomas More Storke, published by McNally and Loftin. Storke won the Pulitzer award for his exposure of Robert Welch and his John Birch Society. He also holds the Lauderbach award or his stand on civil rights, and the Lovejoy award from Colby College for his defense of the freedom of the press. He calls the teachings of Welch "warmed-over McCarthyism." And he further describes it as "A monolithic organization ruled with a dictatorial hand by a man who sees communism everywhere, in the White House, in the Supreme Court, in Congress, in our Churches, schools, universities, * • • * Bid for Mass Violence To the public the Birchites present an image of dedicated anti- communism. But the teachings o the man who called President Eisenhower a dedicated Commu nist go much deeper than tha —• dangerously deeper. Locally, the Birchers seem to contain themselves with opposing every movement towards con structive progress. They tend to hinder, depress, and destroy rather than to build up. But don't hold them lightly. Th danger is at the national level If we, as a nation, should evei follow the teachings of R o b e r Welch, in a rebellion against th 20th century, the Communists would really take over. Contempt for established government of the people, by the people and for the people could lead to rebellion and marching." It was also Thomas M. Storke who said "In the years I have published my newspaper, I have learned one lesson well — That a newspaper will not be listened to, or win respect, if it pussyfoots in stating its editorial beliefs. I have learned that you can't kill a rat with a feather." 25 and 50 Years Ago June 1?, 1938 Bethalto's Board of Education offered to equip and rent any building the citizens of the village would erect for schorl purposes, and to provide two teachers for the building if it wns accepted by the state. J. V. Dugger proposed that the residents borrow money to pay for a two-room wooden structure, to be repaid by rent from the Board of Education. Dugger offered two sites without cost to the residents. Conforming to the new Municipal Budget Act, the Board of Education authorized a call for a public hearing on its 1938-39 budget, available for inspection at the public school administrative offices. Francis Meyer was unanimously elected chairman by the Greene County Board of Supervisors. Petitions for coupling the new Forkeyville- Fosterburg highway to Route 4, as a shorter route between Springfield and Alton were circulated. Proponents said the distance would be shortened 12 to 14 miles, and would provide an all-weather north-south route between Alton and Springfield. ' Miss Alice Joesting of Washington, D.C., daughter of the late Edward B. Joesting, was initiated into Kappa Beta Pi, international legal sorority. The former Alton woman, sister of the Misses Helen and Eugenia Joesting, had been voted the most popular young woman in her class, receiving 90 per cent of the 350-member vote, and was the first freshman law student ever nominated for the presidency of Cy Pres, exclusive club of women law students. Clifford W. Frazier, car inspector .for the N.Y. Central R.R. Co., died unexpectedly at liis home as he rested briefly after his day's work. Forty pupils were enrolled for the summer session at Alton High School, with 23 taking two* subjects each. J. 0. Archer was elected commander of Shipman American Legion Post, and Mrs. Mabel Asberry, president of the Auxiliary. Junel?>19l3 W. W. Elwell was having his 46-aCre rattft on the northeast outskirts of Upper Alton platted as a subdivision to be named Park Place. The tract had a frontage of about a quarter mile on Burton Avenue. Civil Engineer Harry Swift had completed a survey of the tract and now was making a layout of building lots. An unusually prosperous season was In prospect for Piasa Chautauqua. Manager M. Edwin Johnson said every cottage would be occupied by the time the season opened June 28. Now that the wagon road Into the resort valley had been improved, automobile trips to Chautauqua were being invited. No admission was to be charged for the car and driver. Ths Woman's Relief Corps was promoting an all-day basket picnic in Rock Spring Park In observance of the 4th of July holiday. It was to have assistance of other organizations ass* dated with the GAR. Mrs. John Stork, head ol the picnic committee, was arranging for a formal speaking program, and lor contests and amusements. Carey Osborn, 20, son of the Rev. James Osborn of Upper Alton, was to be ordained as a Baptist minister in services at Lebanon. The Rev. Dr. L. A. Abbott and Dr. D. G. Ray were to attend the ordination rites as representatives of College Avenue Baptist Church, and President George M. Potter was to represent Shurtleff College. Osborn was to begin his senior year'as a student at Shurtleff in September. The Str. Belle of the Bends advertir?d family excursions every Tuesday and- Thursday, and a Kampsville ,trip on Sundays.. ,. ; Henry Belser & Son had completed the stone and cement work for the new Godfrey District School on Delmar Avenue in a former ball park site. Carpenters were now to start their part of the work on the 4-room structure. Lavern Chappell, former member of the Greenwood Athletic Club team here, was continuing a fine third-year record in professional ball with Arherican Association team in Milwaukee. He was leading the association in .batting and giving a notable performance as an outfielder. The Milwaukee club was said-to have been offered and refused $12,000 for his release. L. u. CRADDICK; 808 Herbert Victor Riesel Says Steel Committee Success It is said that failure to obey the command of a police officer is a breach of the peace. It is a sad state of affairs when the Supreme Court winks its eye at the mischievous antics of sit- in demonstrators and in effect holds that incitement to violence must be tolerated by local police whenever a racial controversy is public questions could be held indoors in various auditoriums that are always available for such purposes. (© 1963. N.Y. Herald-Tribune. Inc.) involved. We have just witnessed the beginning of these" demonstrations. Where will it end?' Such procedure is an invitation to mass violence in America. A mass protest can so rapidly swing into mass hysteria and rioting. This is fast becoming an untenable situation. It makes t h e maintenance of "law and order" by local police a frustrating paradox in an era of supposed constitutionalism. MRS. PAMELA BROWN 414 Prospect St. Release Monday, June 17, 1963 CROSSWORD By Eugene Skeffer conference, presided over by the governor, which would discuss what the diplomats call a "modus vivendi"? This means finding a way of living with a baffliti&j problem. Some of the proposals to be explored for certain area where feeling is deepest could include a system based on the principle of freedom of choice — schools (or those who prefer all-white or all-Negro institutions, and schools for those who prefer integrated institutions for their children. The same device could be used in parks, other recreation areas and swimming pools. It might be considered expensive to have such extra facilities, but racial dis turbances, in the long run, could be far more expensive. Could Set Up Boards On the subject of discrimination in hiring, personnel boards of citizens in each community could be sol up which would act as unofficial advisory bodies. T heir recommendations would not he binding on the owners of any private business, but they would doubtless carry a good deal of weight and would at least gradually increase the total number of Negroes employed. Merit alone would be emphasized as the main basis for luring new employes. Meanwhile, in order to bring about an atmosphere of conciliation, it would be necessary for all outdoor demonstrations a n d parades to be halted for at least a nine-month period of truce across the nation. The usual meetings for speakers to argue 4o 35 •2 Co 28 19 4-7 51 1(0 2.9 SB 33 17 3o 4-ft 10 34- 43 PITTSBURGH — Soon banner headlines will be telling the success story of the Human Relations Committee of the steel industry. This band of men of steel from labor and management not only has averted a strike, but a crisis with which comes threats and counterthreats, charges and countercharges, secret meetings in the White House and often panic in the workers' homes and executive suites of the land's most basic business.^ .,.;,.. .„ ; • • Yet insiders-! are 1 prayeifuj-rthat neither President Kennedy '"'no "r any of his colleagues will say publicly that this is the answer to all labor problems. Both sides want the government to stay out. they want no third man theme. If let alpne, they say there can yet be a Strike less steel industry and therefore someday perhaps a strikeless country. They say as steel goes ; so goes the nation. To understand the insiders, il is vital to know the inside story of the Human Relations Committee, still untold. So here is that story: , Early in 1958, a labor lawyer by the name of Arthur Goldberg was troubled by visions of a marathon, clanging strike which could affect the entire land. His client the United Steelworkers of America (USA) soon would be negotiating with the big steel cprhpan ies. He saw what, he told friends was a "lack of communication" between both sides. The men of both sides who for years had bargained with, foughi with, and then.learned to work svith each other no longer were in the picture. McDonald Seeks Peace Steel labor leader/Philip Mur ray, revered by his people, wa; dead. He had been succeeded bj his first lieutenant, Dave McDon aid who soon began to work fo across-the-table amity with the late Ben Fairless, chairman o he board of U.S. Steel, and with a c k Stephens, knowledgeable, oft-spoken U.S. Steel vice presi- ent. McDonald and Fairless, hortly after Murray's death, did team tour of the plants —gong right onto the mill floors to iscuss problems with the work- ng men at* the furnaces and iresses. But Fairless retired in '55, as d}d Stephens in '57. New men were in steel's executives suites. Good men. But they were really jsfBSng&sC to--- Goldberg, and McDonald, "rae shbwdowrifwas com- over a new contract. There would be awkwardness and roughness. Profits had been slashed. Also steel labor employment. Wishing to avoid a civil war in steel, Goldberg worked long on a speech he was scheduled to make in '58 at the University of Wisconsin. In effect, he sounded the third-man theme. He urged both sides to sit down with public representatives to help mediate the differences and bring both sides into closer communication. But the strike hit nonetheless — for 11(5'days late in '59. During this'battle, a four-man 6-17 HORIZONTAL 48. undulate 1. Intrigue 60. slater of 6. stately Ares Jl. word of 81. Shoshonean Indian 62. Samoan seaport 63. hunting dog 65. choose 67. cubic meter 68. diacritical mark VERTICAL 1. Truman honor 32. puffed up 14. overt 15, cheaa pieces 17. dwell 18. mislay 19. be in debt 20. continent 21. near 22. tidings 24. symbol for thallium 25. ascribes 29. wanders 82. Finnish seaport 83. melody 84. chemical element 87. eager 40. hypothetical force 41. flit 43. correlative of either 44. Bishop of Rome 47. toddler 9. aconite 10. lightness 11. guiding 13. transaction! 10. female sheep 23. asterisk 28. distant . 2, war god 8. part of skeleton 4. symbol for aluminum 6. citrus frutUr 27. recede 6. refreshes 28,oros» 7. overhead railway 8. festive Answer to Saturday's puzzle. 30. free 81. land measure 84. contend* 35. worships >. essential character 87. to manifest 38. tyro 89. handle 42. decay 45. English statesman 46. Italian princely house 48. a solid fence 49. Imitated 64. symbol for erbium Today's Prayer Heavenly Father, in this moment of quietness and closeness with Thee, we pray that Thou wij take away the burdens that are resting upon our minds. While the mysteries and workings of Thy grace are difficult for us mortal: to understand, '.ve do know tha it touches and removes. Touch us and our dear ones so that whatev er disturbs our minds and ou lives may be removed, no matte what it might be. Help us to fee this wonderful thing happening t us now; through Christ. Amen. —Dennis H. Cooke, High 'Point N.C.,, director of teacher educa tion, High Point College. (© 1963 by the Division of Chrlstla Education, National Council of th Churches of Christ In the U. S. A.) earn, including Goldberg, spoke; or the union in conferences with; similar group representing t h e; ndusry. It was bitter. Towards, ne end, during so-called bargain-'. ng sessions at the Hotel Roose-; yelt in New York, the opposing; ommands rarely spoke to each! rther. So deadlocked were they,, hey sometimes just sat there,; commenting on the weather or ports, or reading documents. During the strike, Goldberg and; McDonald met with Edgar Kais-' er in the Waldorf. The unionists suggested a three-party system —representatives of the union, the management and the public—to handle the labor relations at Kais- ;r's plant in Fontana. He agreed and split with the industry by; making a separate peace. That tripartite committee, with public members, developed the now famous Kaiser cost-saving plan. '. Something Salvaged ; Then, when the big steel union finally agreed on a settlement with the 11 steel companies still; represented by the industry's four-man team, Goldberg and McDonald suggested that something.' could be salvaged out of all the; antagonism.- ; To avert future crises the unionists proposed the' tripartite' committee which 'had," been ac-; ccpted by Kaiser. But' the indus* try people said, why not try to- work 'matters out with ,a, two-party operation? Why bring, in outsiders? "" ' •:' ' : ; Goldberg and McDonald then met privately with U.S. SteeK Board Chairman Roger Blougtf and. Vice President Conrad Coop-'. er. The latter had headed the industry team. They talked'-'or sv long while in a suile at the Sher-! atpn-Carlton in Washington, D. C. Then they went across th*, street to the, Bethlehem Steel offices at 1000 Sixteenth St; ' There they wrote the final draft of the formal steel contract which ended the long strike. .: . 1963, The'.HplI Syndicate,! .Inc.) MIRROR OF YOUR MIND A*.r.,. Mm. ol ,.l«llo»< M mt,.,«. 88. East IndlM (0 WB. King Fe»ture» Bynd., t&fl.) tMWiJ CRYPTOQUIPB VQBVMJ VYBYOJJW NMQNOT TW UIYTT UYST, Saturday 1 * Crytoquipi DESPOT PB8PIBHI PI&OYAU OHANQKUNO. By JOSEPH WHITNEY that the percentage of males who drank was third highest among those of Italian origin, and low-i est among Americans. However,' when the percentage who became drunk was considered, the order strikingly changed. The Italian imbibers showed the lowest percentage of drunkenness and the Americans ranked third 'highest among those who became drunk. Do fears die out with time? Answer: Usually not, unless there is a de-conditioning process. This may come about when a child who fears dogs is placed with other children who do not share Ihis fear and enjoy t h e playful companionship of dogs. Jrralional fears may also be eliminated by conditioning. For example, if a caged or leashed puppy is brought closer to the child at frequent playtimes, the youngs- ster's curiosity and interest should eventually overcome his acquired fear. Is background a factor in drunkenness? Answer: Studies reported by Straus and Bacon In "Drinking in College" (Yale University Press) found among nine ethnic groups (<Q 1963. King Feature*, Synd., Inc.) Can you judge others 1 by yourself? Answer: No, except in a gener j al way. We assume that no one likes to be cheated, for example, but we may not know what others consider cheating, or how they will react if they feel cheated. Some will' seek violent revenge, others will feel humiliated, still others may accept the incident as an unpleasant lesson. Even persons with the same backgrounds may have dissimilar tempera* ments, and develop different viewpoints and reaction patterns.

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