Page 4 article text (OCR)
PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH FRIDAY, JUNE 14, 1963 Editorial Legislative Booboo Ahead ~ The Illinois General As«cmblv could be on its way to one of its prize booboos of all times. It^ House executive committee has approved the bill which would eliminate the Illinois Public Aid Commission and place relief unilei i i ode department directly responsible to the governor. The governor, it must be admitted, does have the aiithoiitr to appoint, subject to senate approval, members of the present aid commission. The fact remains, however, that at no time in the ordinary course of events can he change the complete nature of the bodv. Memberships are on staggered terms. This pi oxides a certain stability to commission policiis and protects them from pressure to wlut extent is possible. Chief criticism of the commission has been th.it, since its members arc volunteers rather than full-time paid staff, they can't br expected to give the time and continued interest to their work that a lull-time staff directly responsible to the governor would. The commission, however, can and does if » >f if * Twin Reasons to Succeed m.iint.iin .1 paid st.ift to undertake the pro- (osuin.ll work, while the commission set* geri- ii.ll policies. It has stood well against the pres- siives livouuht .ig.iinM it over the past two iL'.ii'. i. ven when it became possible for the >en.uo to fire its ch.iinvun, Arnold Marcmon!, tine of our outstanding industrialists and public benefactors in the state. The governor, himsolf. is bound to feel a much heavier load in assuming the direct responsibility of the relief program. \Vorst of all. however, is the situation that the unfortunates of Illinois who need their state's help in maintaining life, itself, v ill suddenly become mere political pawns. And Illinois' taxpayers will suffer as well. Rep. Abner Mikva, Chicago Democrat, said abolition of the IPAC would not bring about reduction in aid costs, but probably would increase them. He said the increased costs probably would occur after election time. \V'c could predict they'd come immediately before — when candidates needed votes. Whatever you may think about the city's undertaking of procedure toward purchasing • the Alton Water Co., one thing is sure: the ' action is being guided by legal counsel with twin reasons for making it succeed, and with a highly competent background of experience in the field. Attorney J. F. Schlafly's firm has been counseling the city for some time on both its sewer bond issue and the allied proposal to purchase the water company. This water company consideration was merely put off until now when it became apparent the sewer revenue bond issue could become a reasonable financial success without ownership of the water plant to back it up. Meanwhile, the water company has attempted sharp rate increases here, and the Schlafly firm has been retained by major water users of the community to represent them in opposing the effort. The firm's work in this has given Mr. Schlafly a close, inside look at the financial structure and general operations of the water company for some time. His financial advice to the council can be well accepted. There appears to be a conflict of expressed opinion between the city's regular corporation counselor, J. W. Hoefert, and Schlafly over advisability of the action the council nevertheless took Wednesday night in voting to ask Commerce Commission approval for the utility's condemnation. The council has made its move, now, by authorizing Mayor P. W. Day to undertake the action. It should be hoped, of course, that if the water company is purchased, it can be placed under management that will properly protect it from the changing winds of politics in the city. We shouldn't regard it as a toy to be played with and left to deteriorate. If anything, it should be given better financial direction than it now is being given by the private utility that owns it. Might Have Been Split Benefits The Municipal Band escaped a long-discussed potential death blow Wednesday night when the City Council rejected a proposal to reconsider the special tax financing it. Lack of tax support, however, need not have caused its demise. Two major musical organizations and a travel lecture course all have been functioning successfully here for a long time on funds raised by private subscription — mostly by sale of tickets to beneficiaries. So there would be hope for the band even if it should eventually become necessary to end the city tax support. Musicians trained highly enough to perform as the Muny Band members do should not be called upon to perform and rehearse as frequently as they do without some form of compensation, unless they volunteer to do so. Most of them learned their music in public school bands whose direction was supported by taxes, and many of them have played in college and university bands, where the compensation was largely limited to registration fees and glamorous trips with the athletic teams. Their work with the Municipal Band, however, is more demanding than their scholastic music. Taxing bodies of the area will split benefits from the new Air Reduction Co. plant here while the firm stands to gain in taxes saved. The plant will be located within the limits of East Alton. There growing Olin- Mathieson expansion and its accompanying valuation promise to develop into the lowest municipal tax rate in Madison county unless the village consents to annex additional residential area. Meanwhile it will be located in Alton Unit School District No. 11, outside the double-taxed East Alton-Wood River Community High and East Alton -grade school districts, which cover the same ground. That's in low tax area two ways. Warmup Wednesday night's council meeting lasted for four hours and took up over 70 items of business — a record for modern times according to city clerk's office. With that as a toughener, maybe the council now can have ance an d civil disobedience . . . a go at that ordinance codification which "The highest office of the land has outlasted two other councils already. The j should symbolize respect for law, traffic measure is the next up, and could be whether it be legally enacted or- , David Lawrence A Southern Senator's Viewpoint WASHINGTON — Broadcasting! [companies are supposed to mnkrj available "equal lime'" for dis-: cussion of public issues by both j sides. Yet the President of the j United Slates is permitted to usc-i virtually nil television networks j and radio stations for a public j speech, while a spokesman of the opposition is given no opportunity j to present his side of a contro-1 versy to that same audience im- j mediately afterward on the same , evening. President Kennedy addressed the nation on Tuesday night on j the subject of widespread disturbances over racial questions. The same broadcasting facilities which were furnished to the President, at the request of Ihe White House, were no! given to a spokesman of the opposition viewpoint in Congress for his side of the controversy. The country is fortunate, of course, in having newspapers available in which comments and rebuttal can be printed. Four newspapers in big cities in the North which this correspondent saw on Thursday did have brief reports to tell the public that Senator Richard B. Russell of Georgia, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee and an outstanding leader of the Democratic party in the South, had read to 18 assembled senators a statement which they had approved. But none of these papers printed any extensive extracts from the text of the statement issued by Senator Russell, though three had printed the full text of the President's speech. Mr. Russell announced his opposition to the President's "civil rights" program, but more important than this was his charge that the President has, in a sense, encouraged street demonstrations instead of repressing them. What Senator Russell said is still news to many readers. He declared: "The President's speech appealed eloquently to the emotions but completely disregarded reason, human experience and true equality under the Constitution. "The fact that every citizen has the same right to own and operate a swimming pool or dining hall constitutes equality. The use of federal power to force the owner of a dining hall or swimming pool to unwillingly accept those of a different race as guests creates a new and special right for Negroes in derogation of the property rights of all of our people to own and control the fruits of their labor and ingenuity. Distinction "The outstanding distinction between a government of free men and a socialistic' or communistic state is the fact that free men can own and control property, whereas statism denies property rights . . . "Our American system has always rejected the idea that one group of citizens may deprive another of legal rights in property by process of agitation, demonstration, intimidation, law defi THE LITTLE WOMAN 25 and 50 Years Ago the most urgent from the standpoint of police work. East Alton completed its codification while we were talking about it up here. Drew Pearson's Mcrry-Go-Round Warns of Worsened Race Relations .killed if you come in here." i Kennedy quoted Connor as snap- jping hack: "Why do you think (Editor's Note — Drew Pearson's column today is written by his associate, Jack .Anderson.) WASHINGTON—Attorney Gen-i The Attorney General was also eral Robert Kennedy, looking b'-r-'disappointed in Ihe Rev. King assed and haggard, \varii('ii iwno | ]ac j t, een more belligerent of worsening race relations the- ,| lan oxpected. He had expressed other day at separate closed-door |,j s private appreciation to feder- sessions of his party's Southern!;,] negotiators for "saving the and Northern senators behind u j av " in Birmingham but had re- closed doors. fused to give them any public The divided meeting, led Wyoming Sen. Gale McGee to re- fused to credit, Kennedy quoted King's attorn- mark ruefully: "Here we are; ;js ex , ainl lhat hp .. didn , t talking about the problem of seg- ' region, and we're meeting as segregated senators." But the Attorney General gave . ... both groups the same- gloomy! woiwd about racial tension in the briefing He confessed that t h «?| Nor1n whw ' fi . he warned » is ap- race issue was "a boiling k ettiP"iP IW " lhin * *** explosion point. He which is keeping him up nights, i expressed alarm over the "break- (o hp knQwn ag g wJme ^ hiboriitor." The Attorney General was more warned'that the worst out breaks I (Jown of communications." can be expected in the North. "You have religious lenders in "There were over HO riots last week," he said. '; He blamed extremists of botlij races but leveled his Imrshesi j blast at Alabama's big-stick lawman Eugene "Bull" Connor. Kennedy called Connor "a complete hater" and accused him of "willfully" turning his dogs on Negro demons tralors. Connor's dogs and hoses cans ed Negro resentment to boil to the surface, Kennedy .said. He claimed that the Rev. Martin Luther King had no more than 10 demonstrators when he first came to Birmingham to organize anti-segregation marches. It was his arrest on Good Friday and the harsh attitude of city officials which won him Negro support, Kennedy alleged. He suggested lhat Birmingham police could have maintained order If "Bull" and his boys Jiad played out. The local police warned Connor that ".Someone will get \ Alton Evening Telegraph Published Dally by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY. Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY. Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mall $12 a year In Illinois rind Missouri. $18 In all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery 1» available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS fbe Associated Press In exclusively .•ntltled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited In this iniper and to the local news published herein. MEMbliU, THE AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION Local Advertising Rate* end Contract Information on application at the Telegraph business office, 111 Hast Broadway. Alton, III. National Advertising. Representatives; The Branham Company. New York, Chicago, Detroit and St. Loull. dinances of (he meanest hamlet in the land or thn written word of oui- national charter — tht j Constitution. i "1 was, therefore, shocked to j hoar tho President justify, if not encourage, the present wave of mass demonstrations, accompanied by the practices of sitting i or lying in public streets and| blocking traffic; forming human I the South whom you can com- wal]K t)(?fo| . 0 |he dooi . s oi lega i ***»•>_. ' l9*ttrmiantBtttaa»t,'Ut,un.WaMtlllM*tmint&.r — Oh, Herbert's a model husband—the low-priced economy model, that is, not the stiper deluxe." Readers Forum Stiff Competition A few lines on a current issue: Public Aid for private schools. All schools must be accredited by and maintain the specific standards, courses, school plant, and teachers with the required background of the state. The administration of the schools is now the state's responsibility — not the parent's, the teacher's, the principal's, or the local superintendent's through the local school board. Local sales taxes go to the state treasury which in turn allots the money to the local school boards through the state school officials, together with the amount voted locally to run the school district. At the time that local control of the school system was relinquished to the state, we all lost our opportunity to impress upon people we know and live with our particular views upon whether we need a new gym, a specified course, or a certain book to teach a specified course. We long ago turned our schools over to the professionals who study population figures, employment opportunities, average income and grade ratios, along with the recommendations of many studied professionals of various other fields to arrive at conclusions upon which are aased future school requirements and thus the tax load. Within this elaborate and carefully studied structure is a provision for anyone who feels that his child would benefit to send him to a private school — which offers something in excess of the minimums. We have built up a unit which las priced the small individual out of the picture. No longer can a few people, no matter what their resources, provide for their children's education in the exact manner a parent would desire. This is the crux of all dissension whether it be applied to primary, secondary, or college level education. To inject, into this planned progressive • educational organization the term parochial stud ent is to bypass the facts. The state in requiring public education assumed the respon- ibility of transportation of the public school student. In many cases the local school board have working agreements with the parents of private school students to provide such things as buses, laboratories, athletic fields, and equipment. But in all these areas there arises the question of liability due to accident and restitution for wear and tear. These are the matters that can no longer be settled by a loud voice,,and the assertion that it is due me. These are questions of legal finesse which are seldom settled to the total statisfaction of a particular denominational viewpoint. The parent of the private school student often says he gets no return for his tax dollar. This begs the issue. We all benefit from the studies which the local academic programs are based upon. A private school which ignores the programs developed for it soon finds that its graduates are ineligible for future studies, its fund drives are not being met, and its faculty disappearing. We in this area, having just witnessed the denial of a private institution of higher learning now hear from all quarters the unrequited moans resulting from the ever-increasing financial burden it takes to operate private institutions which seek to meet the tougher requirements of the future. BERT C. SEAGO, 600 St. Anthony Dr., Godfrey ForumWriters,l\ote Writer's names and addresses must be published with letters to the Readers Forum. Letters must be concise (preferably not over 150 words). AH are subject to condensation. municate with," he said, "which you don't have in the North." He also reported that the militant Black Muslins, the white-hating Negro extremists, have no fol- lou'itr; in the South but "hear watching" in the North. At Kennedy's session with Southern Solons, Louisiana Sen. Allen Ellender tried to bait him. "Isn't it true," Ellender demanded, "that you publicly stated you favored the demonstrators?" Kennedy snapped back denial businesses and assaulting with) deadly weapons officers of the) law whose only offense was tin-; derlakins to maintain older and! protect private property. "The South has its shortcomings as well as other areas. But a calculated campaign waged by Ihej metropolitan press, television and| radio has magnified the unfortu-' nate occurrences in the South while crimes of violence in other areas have been minimized. This has generated bitterness and hiitied against the white people and called upon Alabama Sen. Lis-j o ( mi . Southern States almost ter Hill for confirmation. H i 11| amounting to a national disease, acknowledged that the Attorney u J R also encouraging a condi- General had tried to avert the de- tion bordering on anarchy in many monstrations, lhat the "unfortun-| conlniun jtjos. These terrible con- ate" appearance of Bull Connor's!djtjons are sure to further de- dogs had heightened the trouble, j lei .j O rate with increasing disorder Virginia Sen. Harry Byrd, his I un ] ess t| le President oithe United apple cheeks flushed, was polile- i statps desists from using threats! ly belligerent. He warned that in-l of m ., SK violence to rush his so-! tegration can never be imposed • t , ja |. t , qua |it y legislation through! upon some rural sections. ( , )(1 p on( ,,. oss "II can never he done," he kept ,. T | lo p res jdent of the United CROSSWORD - » - By Eugene She/er 37 Sto 45" 27 11. 4i 38 4-7 53 34- 12. •39 3S •2.0 If) foO 17 55" IO 3o SI repeating. .Siales has a higher call to leader- In sections of Virginia with..-in| t)] . m (0 use threats O f mass 80 per cent Negro population, hc>; vio | nm , (> and disregard of reason- warned, the white people have anj. i|)K> lf)Ca , ,, 1WS as a nu?ans of s ,,. "ingrained fear" of integration. ^ a( , tjon in the coul . ls and 1 Negroes had been c ". , ss howev er desirable he contented with their separate_ fa- ; | ^ ., , o |)e cilities "until outsiders came in." Except for Byrd and Ellender, the Southerners discussed the Negro question calmly with Kennedy. Mississippi Sen. James Eastland, a Bull Connor of the .soap box, sat strangely silent throughout the whole proceedings. South Carolina Sen. Strom Thurmond contributed a feu 1 surprisingly restrained remarks, and Georgia Sen. Richard Russell, the traditional leader oi Southern filibusters, merely raised some constitutional questions. (O 1W3. Bell Syndicate, Inc.) The President and the Attorney General now say that they will predicate this new thrust for race mixing on the already tortured commerce clause of the Constitution. It the commerce clause will sustain an act to compel the white owner of a dining hall to accept a Negro against his wishes, it can be used to sustain the validity of legislation that will compel his admittance into the living room or bedroom of any citizen. (O 1963, N.Y. Herald-Tribune, IDC.) HORIZONTAL 1." of Troy" 6. tread heavily U. Hkeneaa 12. like a Greek poet 16. disunites 17. feminine name 18. Greek letter 19. weather* cock* 21. moist 22. through 23. perched 26.feasts 29. sager 83. furnaco 34. dine 80. deduction Of weight ST. javelins 89, adminiaUra 41. Blight taste 43. number 44. exclamation 47. renovate 40. enemy 62. Italian coin 64. bowling game 66. everlasting 68. fathers 69. robbed 60. rapt VERTICAL 1. conceal 2. voice 3. fluid rock 4. personality 5. sensory agents 6. at that time 7. flower* 8. exist 9. males 10. bow of vessel 13. anger U. feline Answer to yesterday* punle. AVM»»« time of »»loU»»i M mliMtw. (© 1863. King Feature* Synd., Inc.) 16. vehicles 20. observed 22. trousers 24. giant 25. ftehing pot* 26. actress: GalUenn* 27. through 28. total 30. droop 81. before 32. thing (law) 86. metal disk 38. title 40. latest 42. of purdah- ment 44.beverag* 46. strike 46. god of war 48. Egyptian river 49. granular mow 50. certain person* 61. being 63. skill 65. dessert 67. negative LXFBXUJ BULXFBQ ' LXFBQ XB9YFVJ. CryptoguJpi OUDVBR UBVJBB OONTOOU JW rniL.r. June 14.1938 A special primary to fill the vacancy occasioned by State's Attorney Lester Geers" death was scheduled for Aug. 30. Mrs. Natalie Winslow of Johnson street who maintained a "clearing house" at her home for lost dogs and other pets, was commonly referred to as the one-woman humane society. Trained as a nurse, she harbored and treated the homeless animals and sought ownership through advertisement at her own expense. Within nine months residences in the same block of Henry street had been bought by Dr. Groves B. Smith, Dr. C. E. Merkle. and Dr. C. D. Ehlert. Kid Irish, Alton featherweight fighter, h.nrt been signed to fight three main events, ont rach in Sidney, Melbourne, and Brisbane in Australia, in company with Allen Matthews, St. Louis middleweight. A St. Louis man and Max Qreen- field of Alton were co-managers of the two boxers. The pedestrian subway under the newly completed and opened East Broadway paving was put into operation. The passageway provided entrance to the Owens-Illinois Glass Co. plant. Claude Gentry, employe of the maintenance department, was the first employe to use it. Seven musicians of Ted Weems' orchestra and a bus driver escaped injury when their chartered bus ran off the highway in the 3000 block of East Broadway and lodged in a wheat- field. Scheduled to play at Meadowbrook Country Club in St. Louis, the band members completed their trip in Alton taxicabs. The new Stop and Shop Market of C. B. Keehner at Brown and Washington had its formal opening. Keehner operated another store at 327 State St. Only 15 days before lu's 84th birthday anniversary Thomas Taylor died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Margaret Crunk, in East Alton. Robert W. Tunnel of Edwardsville was named United States commissioner for the southern district of the southern division of Illinois, succeeding William G. Burroughs, who did not seek re-appointment. Mrs. A. H. Wise was elected president of the American Legion Auxiliary of Bunker Hill. /line 14, 1913 Highway commissioners of Wood River township granted a franchise to AG&StL Traction Co. 1o use 'the public highway, extending east from the end of College Avenue, for extending the Alton street car line to Alton State Hospital site. Besides using the public road, the company had obtained rights-of-way from four land-owners, A. H. Hastings, W. F. Stofft, Ed • Downer, and Edward Rodgers. After lapse of almost a year, five highway bridges were being completed in Godfrey township to replace structures washed out in the cloudburst of July, 1912. A frame building 8 by 16 feet in lateral dimensions, and 25 feet high, had been erected at Benbow City and was to be burned in Sunday tests of the village's new chemical fire engine. Burglars broke into the Hub clothing store of H. A. Wut7,ler by cutting out a door panel with a knife in what appeared to have been a tedious job. No money was obtained by the intruder, but a number of articles ol clothing were missing. After being forced down near Lockhaven in a new flying boat on Friday, the 13th, Tony Jannus, Benoist Co. flyer, waited for daylight to make repairs. He had a short stop at Alton en route back to St. Louis. Bishop E. W. Osborne of Springfield presided at cornerstone-lawing services at St. Paul's Episcopal parish house. The rector, the Rev. Arthur Goodger, assisted as the church ritual was carried out. The Str. Quincy stopped at Alton on its first downstream trip since the opening of the locks at Keokuk. East End Improvement Association members had been checking into the extent of riverfront property owned by the city and had found that Alton held title to four blocks from Oak to Apple Street. Reason for the association survey was its project to obtain a riverfront park for the East Etui. Mrs. Ida Lemnion, a daughter of the late Perry Gum, had bought the interest of other heirs in the Gum hotel property at 3rd and Henry Streets. Alton police department members were challenged to a tug of war by the police team ol the Central YMCA, St. Louis. Victor Riesel Says: Movie Actors Having Tough Time NEW YORK — Movie glamour may be sustenance for an "Oscar" but live actors can't eat it and thousands are having difficulty surviving on what they earn —for, since 1957 most screen players have been averaging between three and four thousand dollars a year. Our own "Hollywood" —- as I learned there recently from some very troubled men — grows leaner because scores of little Bollywoods around the world ;row fatter on the production of American films. Some of these little movie centers to which flow some of the U. S. gold reserve are behind the Iron Curtain, some in .Yugoslavia. Some are in allied lands which produce our films but roll up strange restrictions on the right of U.S. movie makers to show films made in the U.S. When such movie colony leaders as Jack Dales, Screen Actors uild executive secretary and S. A. G. president George Chandler talk of the outflow of American gold they mean it — for their records are heavy with reports of m u 11 i - million - dollar spec- :acles scheduled for shooting abroad right up to 1965. Now Surpassed Orice, Hollywood produced more "movies" than England, France, Italy and Germany combined. N o w, each individually either equals or surpasses us. From Don Haggerty, one of the leaders of The Committee to Promote American Made Motion Pictures, comes word that in many studio crafts there have been slashes of working members up to 50 and 60 per cent. Our technicians go jobless because the animated films you soon may watch will have been shot in the state-owned studios of Prague, Czechoslovakia; or in Lodz, Poland; or near Budapest, Hungary. Strange, isn't it? One of the strong bidders against Hollywood is Yugoslavia. Movies are being made there with what they used to call stellar casts — big names such as Anthony Quinn, Ingrid Bergman. Big films, such as a swashbuckling saga of King Arthur's day. Big budgets, upward of $6 million. Belgrade bids strongly. Don Haggerty's committee has ben told of offers from the Yugoslavs of such inducements to producers as the free supplying of all studio sound stages, important sets, even technicians and craftsmen and b a c k-lot facilities. For the personal comfort of one producer, Marshal Tito's studio people threw in a free car and chauffeur, Restrict U.S. Films Fade out. Now we pan in on our allies. There are 19 nations, to whom the U.S. has supplied billions either in arms or cash, which restrict the showing of of American films. This they do by setting up internal screen-lime quotas for their own and foreign pictures (we being the foreigners), or import quotas, high release taxes on imported films', restrictions on the number of prints of a film allowed inside their Today's Prayer Almighty God, as our lives are set in the happy companionship of friends and neighbors, save us from thoughtlessness, from love of gossip, and from willingness to believe evil. Restrain us from unreflecting cruelty as we hear that ye be not judged." Turn our minds from the judgment of others to self-confession. Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us; for Thy name's sake. Amen. —Joseph R. Sizoo, Washington, D. C., professor of religion, George Washington University. (© 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S. A.) country, curbs on activities of U. S. film producers' branch officers or subsidiaries. There even are heavy taxes on the importation of music and foreign dialogue sound tracks on the film. We do not, of course, retaliate by limiting the importation of foreign films into the U.S. Amongst those nations which restrict our films in one or another, of these techniques or a combination of them are the Philippines, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy. Now hear this: also South Korea, South Vietnam; also Pakistan, Brazil, Argentia, Indonesia, and Malaya. All of these countries hit us with screen-time quotas. This means that either by legislation or simple government decree these nations require that their theatres devote a special portion of their screen time to exhibition of "national films." These restrictions limit not only the big features but the short subjects as well. Our film industry has bqen so hard hit on the latter that the U.S. movie industry now makes only 25 per cent of the short subjects it made in 1953. Get in the Act At the .same time the foreign governments subsidize ttieir own film industries. Behind the curtain, or in "Socialist lands" the government simply has no real cost accounting system or wage standards. So they can give their facilities away for a cut of the picture profits. Sometimes the governments supply outright financing, as in France. Elsewhere, the government gives theatre owners cash for showing national films. Obviously this is rough competition for our own movie makers. The U.S. industry, which has given all of us so many relaxing hours of escape from realism, has a real problem. (© 1963, The Hnll Syndicate, Inc.) MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSEPH WlffTNKY no more so than any other group. Dr. Donald P. Kent, government authority on aging, recently pointed out that the accident rate for drivers aged 60 to 69 is below the national average, and even for motorists over age 70 the rate is equal. The same factors (impaired vision, hearing, etc.), are applicable to other age groups. Can under-achinverN be spotted early? Are counseling and psychotherapy the same? Answer: The term, underachiever, recently come to notice refers to children who do not measure up to promise. In a recent Science News Letter report, Dr. Theodore B. Cohen of Philadelphia told of a kindergarten teacher, a psychologist and a child psychiatrist who spotted 56 kindergarten children who were excessively worried, nervous and depressed. The next year, according to prediction, all were under- chievers who had trouble getting along in the first grade. Answer: No, but there is no clear dividing line between t h e two. Psychotherapy is primarily concerned with treating mental illness, but may Include some directed or suggested advice. Counseling is directed more at finding solutions for personality troubles, and implies corrective guidance to fairly normal people with problems. Thus, counseling may inAnswer: Elderly motorists elude giving psychological intor- should be thoroughly tested to de- mation relating to the "patient's" (ermine their physical and mental varied misconceptions and uncou- fitness to drive un automobile, but scions motives. (O 1833, King Feature*, Synd.. Inc.) Should older drlvtirs luivu special testing?