Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on June 5, 1963 · Page 4
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 5, 1963
Page 4
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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, i96<j Editorial Alby Streeters Set a Pattern Alby streetcrs deserve public commendation for their proposal to ban parking on both sides of the street as a substitute for widening the pavement. The Telegraph long lias pointed to the need for clearing a wider traffic artery on Alby, and welcomed the city council's action in limiting parking on one side. While signers on the petition to the council point out that in the area where they live, there arc plenty of driveways, we might remind that there are a couple of blocks on this street, between 16th and 19th, where this Joes not hold true. One-side parking may have to be continued there until other remedies arc achieved. The lots alongside are not of such a grade as to make driveways easily possible for the property owners of limited means who occupy them though some of the lots already have driveways. Elimination of parking from 19th north, however, would give an easily driveable two lanes. A few feet of widening would be necessary when traffic conditions up Alby necessitate four lanes. Meanwhile, other major proposals that could have a pronounced effect on Alby traffic are being considered — not the least of which would be the interbelt expressway. These, we believe, should be permitted to work themselves out for a while, and the city should husband the money that might be used on widening Alby street until its need is more certain. Moreover, city authorities could well afford to study this same pattern — a parking ban to make our street dollars go farther — along other main arteries. Brown street long has been a problem of this kind. So, for that matter, have certain areas of State street. Tor their suggestion and their voluntary cooperation, the city should be thankful to the Alby street petitioners. * » * » » Dictators Battle This country's battle over who is the strongest dictator over amateur sports events should prove embarrassing, indeed, about the time American athletes are called upon to compete against truly dictator-selected and trained trackmen — Russia's . The battle of recognition between the Amateur Athletic Union and the Eastern College Athletic Conference over the meets in which athletes seek selection for our team to compete against Russia's threatens to wreck the American team. In the end, say authorities, we may have to cancel our track team's journey to Moscow. This country already is at enough of a disadvantage in its efforts to beat Russia athletically. Moscow can call its shots on picking and training its athletes. \Vc can't. And this advantage has been showing lately. If we still want to continue competing with Russia on an athletic level, we'd better wake up. Space isn't the only area. The Reds can twist anything into propaganda. Battle Lost, But What of War? State Senator Paul Simon has lost another battle — but it's likely he or someone following him will eventually win the war. Once more Simon has attempted to get lobbyists and their spending on record in Springfield. Previously he had introduced a bill making it mandatory for the lobbyists to file reports on their spending. This time he dropped in another allowing them to file reports on a voluntary basis. That, too, was killed in committee. This information should be on public record. It is a matter of public interest to determine how much is spent in organized efforts to influence legislation in Illinois. There is nothing disgraceful about lobbying, but voters should be allowed to judge for themselves where the big pushes come from. One example is the defeat of Simon's bill to raise race track taxes by 2 J / 2 per cent suffered. On record should be information on just what horse racing, betting, and probable even illegal gambling supporters have been doing in Springfield about this bill. At least the gambling gentry weren't able to achieve success in their latest effort to legalize lotteries and bingo games. They met defeat in committee and later the House beat down efforts to reverse the committee's "do not pass" recommendation. The kind of sophistry that has sought to excuse legalizing these games in other states, would not be swallowed in Illinois. But there is a certain amount of insin- cere argument against Sen. Simon's horse betting tax raise. Some states, it was insisted, had raised their taxes, only to find the betting fell off, and the states' total tax collections from them followed. At least the state could have given the tax increase a two-year try, then rescind the raise if the "take" did decrease. One of the really big battles now is on over Sunday closing. Certainly the cash stakes in this, on both sides would be of interest to the public. FidePs Secret What was the significance of Fidel Castro's secret return to Cuba? His arrival time and circumstances were guarded with such secrecy that even President Osvaldo Dorticos is reported to have been taken by surprise. Were the Russians and Cuban leaders .fearful of an attack against his plane over mid-Atlantic? Were they afraid hitherto local Cubans, themselves, might not be controllable at the airport in their anger over Fidel's now very apparent "sellout" to Moscow? Or was it really Fidel who arrived on that plane? Much could be hidden behind that beard. The situation can well set the world to conjecturing for 3. few days — maybe longer. Drew Pearson's Merry-Go-Round Story Behind the U.S.S. Savannah David Lawrence High Court Sanctions Extortion WASHINGTON — Legalized ex tortion — forcing the payment o money by a non-member of a union (o a labor organizatin a the price of keeping tiis job — nov lias been sanctioned by the Su prcmc Court of the United States Only a week ago, Justice Har l?n of the same court was writing a dissent in another case involving impairment of individual rights He said: "Freedom of the individual to choose his associates or hi neighbors, to use and dispose oi property as he see fit . . are things all entitled to a largi measure of protection from gov ernmental interference. . . . There are areas of private rights upon which federal power should not lay a heavy hand." Strangely enough, the eight members of the court who participated in this week's decision shut their eyes to a flagrant violation of the principle of "freedom of association." For the court, in the edicts it now proclaims, has produced the following results: 1. Whether or not an employe has conscientious objections to joining a labor union or to making financial contributions to its support is of no consequence. 2. The employer must fire an employe who, though not a member of a union, refuses to pay money to support that union. 3. If the employer refuses to sign a contract with the union which would order him to exercise such compulsion upon every employe who doesn't belong to the union, a costly strike could ensue and shut down the business. 4. If the employer signs such a contract with the union, he must see to it that the employes who are not union members pay the initiation fee and regular dues. Presumably, he can withhold the money from their wages. Theory The theory is that the union — as the "agent" for the majority of the employes — becomes, for all practical purposes, a government to which a non-union em- ploye must pledge allegiance by Ms financial support. It is contended that a non-union member who refuses to pay a proportionate share of the union's expenses is a "free rider." Yet the Supreme Court of the United States in 1937 ruled that non-union members have a right to bargain for themselves as individuals in negotiations with the employer, or else to acquiesce in the contract terms obtained by a majority. Now these individual workers are being compelled to pay money to exercise their rights. It is averred by the defenders of the scheme that the non-union members receives benefits of various kinds and doesn't himself pay any of the expenses of obtaining them. But there are lots of things in the business and professional world from which aU employes — union as well as nonunion — receive benefits but pay no share of the expense. Employers provide certair lunch facilities and other conven iences in their factories a n c WASHINGTON — When the atomic merchant vessel Savannah was about ready to put to sea during the Eisenhower administration, the Atomic Energy Commission sent members of its crew to a charm school. The charm course was conducted by Molesworth Associates in New York City and chiefly consisted of viewing a couple of telephone company films on how to treat the public politely, plus a press conference and lunch at the Downtown Athletic Club. Total cost to the government: $5,000. The charm course, however, did not seem to take last September during crew trouble, the engineers shut off the toilets on the Savannah, then the refrigerators, 'the air cooling and the electric stoves. Uncle Sam had spent four years training them to operate atomic equipment but trouble with the engineers continued. Finally, just as the Savannah was about to sail to European ports with a paid passenger list to win friends and show the atomic might of the U.S.A., the engineers continued uncharming, their contract was cancelled, and the snip was laid up for six months. Secretary of Commerce Luther Hodges noted that the engineers were paid $14,000 to $22,000 a year and that the Eisenhower ad ministration had spent not $53,000,000 as estimated, but $90,000,000 building the Savannah. Obviously Hodges was not in a charming mood. His new No. 1 assistant, Frank lin Roosevelt Jr., can be just as charming as his late father, but obviously he was not in a charming mood either when he made a blunt announcement cancelling not only the engineer's contract but also the goverment contract with the States Marine Lanes, which had been commissioned to oprate the Savannah. GOP I'olilic* Both Secretary Hodges and Undersecretary Roosevelt, however, were discreet regarding a set of facts which reflected on a high-up official of the Kennedy administration — John McCone, chief of Central Intelligence. It happened, that the begin ning of the inefficiency which has dogged America's most famous atomic peacetime vessel dates sack to the strange manner in which tiie ship's operating con- Tact was let to a strong GOP backer. In the spring of 1958 Clarence Morse, the maritime administrator, appointed a committee of experts to recommend wliich steamship line was best qualified to operate the spanking new Savan- liah. The six experts, all career shipping men with no political axes to grind, reviewed the seven lines and recommended the American President's line, with mo>'e than 30 years of American flag experience, as tiie best qualified. The others, in the order of recommendation, were: 2. Isbrandtsen; 3. Farrell; 4. Moore-McCormack; 5. Pacific Far East; 6. States Marine; 7. U.S. Lines. States Marine, the line in which John McCone has a working partnership, was next to last but, believe it or not, ended up getting the contract. The Maritime Commission was hen under Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks, former treasurer of the Republican National Committee; and the American Presidents Line, No. 1 on tiie list, is headed by George Kil- Allon Evening Telegraph Published Dally by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY, Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mall $12 a year In Illinois and Missouri, $18 In all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted tn towns where carrier delivery Is available. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tie Associated Press Is exclusively ntltled to the use (or publication of all news dispatcher credited in thle paper and to tbe local newe pub' llshed herein. MEMBER. THE AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION Local Advertising Rates and Con tract information on application at the Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, 111. National Advertising Repreneatatlve*: Th» Branham Company. New York, Chicago, Detroit and St. Loui*. lion, former treasurer of the Democratic National Committee. Conflict of Interest So Uie recommendation of the experts was reversed. To make the reversal more plausible, they were told to revise their standards, and eliminate passenger experience as a criterion. Ever with this new instruction, however, the board of experts came up with the American Presidents Line, headed by the former treasurer of tiie Democratic National Committee, as the best qualified to operate a ship which a Republican administration was claiming as a great triumph. In the end, Sinclair Weeks and his Maritime Board completely ignored the experts and gave the Savannah to the company dominated by GOP Backer John McCone, the States Marine Lines. It did this despite two important facts wliich should have induced a contrary decision: 1. States Marine has chiefly flown foreign flags and used foreign crews in order to get around U.S. shipping laws. Yet the Savannah was supposed to fly the American flag proudly and sail with an American crew efficiently. 2. John McCone, then chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, obviously was in the ix>si- tion of having a conflict of interest, for the Savannah was built under the jurisdiction of the Atomic Energy Commission; yet the operating contract went to a company in wliich McCone and his family owned a major interest. Despite this, President Kennedy later placed Jolui McCone in the all-important job oi chief of Central Intelligence. During the Senate debate regarding ills confirmation, Sen. Margaret Chase Smith of Maine, a Republican, raised the question of McCone's conflict of interest, as did senators Wayne Morse, Ore., Ernest Gruening, Alaska, William Proxmire, Wis., and several others. However, President Kennedy apparently did not think this applied to a good friend of his father's, and he was confirmed. (O 1963. Bell Syndicate. Inc.) THE LITTLE WOMAN "For Pete's sake, Emily! Wait until we move in before you start trying to keep it clean!" Readers Forum Which Is More Immoral? A short time ago I was regularly reading in a nationally dis- ributed magazine articles aboul he worldwide population boom .nd how something must be done bout it. Yet, when an Illinois man tried to start in an area vhere it was most needed, he vas denounced. I don't see how birth control can cause any more mmorality than already exists, lue in large measure to the Aid o Dependent Children program. From observations made while was teaching, I want to say — and many of my former col- eagues agree with me — that named people who bring large amilies into an environment of overly and often squaller without aking any moral or financial re- ponsibility for the helpless chil- ren are sinful and immoral. It is the poor children who suf- er! When they can't get a rnuch- eeded haircut, have to wear fad- d, castoff clothing, can't .pay leir book rentals, can't see or o the interesting tilings other lildren do, I'm sure they suffer s much as do any segregated egro children. Dr. Alfred M. Freedman, chairman of the psychiatric depart- lent at New York Medical Col- lege has charged that school may actually be contributing to the development of neurotic children. Academic standards, he says, geared to the "average" child may prove too difficult for even children who come from substantial home environments. Classroom frustration may produce symptoms of fear, anxiety, withdrawal, and other neurotic patterns. School often furnishes the only "socializing" influence for children from the slums, or from poor farm families, and too often both teachers and schools represent middleclass values and goals that are completely foreign to such students. Then the students fail to understand these values, they may also fail academically. Feeling left out, such children may develop neuroses and other mental disturbances. Seldom is there a fortunate combination of genes or chromosomes that can enable these children to rise above their unfortunate circumstances. Thus it continues for generation after generation. HELEN JOESTING, 1616 Greenwood St. 411 Due for Taxation Apropos David Lawrence' Col-1 break, the parking lot, the use of mn, May 31: Our chief executive must think ic is president of a club of knott- leads. First he says that he wants o reduce the income tax (bully or him), but without curtailing government expenses. No sound usiness would dream of operating tills way. Then he proceeds to outline low this can be done: Tax expense accounts deductions, raise he taxing level (thereby eliminating a few taxpayers, but those vho pay will pay more). Now he vants to tax the cost of the coffee the food despensors, and insurance money that isn't received. If J.F.K. and the Treasury Department would put their minds to it, the personal income tax as we know it could be abolished. Just tax, all the employer-em- ploye benefits, the kindnesses and favors given to one another. In the long run, however, tliis might eliminate the government income entirely. We'll just go around scowling at each other and not have to pay any tax at all. CELESTIA BRANDENBURG Rte. 1, Godfrey plants. Also, parking lots are often furnished for which employe; I usually don't contribute money t< help defray the cost of keepiiij vacant land which othenvis might be used productively. I the employer providing a "fre ride" for those who use these fa cilities at the expense of tlios who choose not to use them? Ir a sense there are many kinds o "free riders." Significant Point But the significant point is no that tiie labor union wants pay ment, but tliat an employer is required to compel an employi to pay dues to the union or b dismissed from his job. The em ployer thus becomes a conspira tor with the labor union to de prive a worker of his liberty o liis property — both of whicl presumably are protected by th constitution. But the S u p r e m e Court, which had a chance tliib week to declare unconstitutiona all forms of compulsion as wel as discrimination against the worker who exercises his individual rights, paid no attention to :he constitutional questions. It merely assumed that the 1 a w passed by Congress in 1935 — and amended in 1947 — abridging in-j dividual rights is today a valid j exercise of federal p o w e r, despite Die plain restrictions in the constitution about rights of the minority. The high court has just reaffirmed that a state can pass u law forbidding compulsory union-j ization, including a prohibition of forced contributions to what lias been called an "agency shop." But this is small consolation to the worker. It is a meaningless gesture, because while some states already liave such laws, all these statutes can be wiped out overnight whenever Congress chooses to do so. The cry of "equal rights" and non-discrimination as between citizens of equal skill and efficiency will have a hollow sound as long as the Supreme Couer of the United States closes its eyes to the abuses of the Constitution and upholds a union's alleged right to compel an employer to extort money from an employe. , «D J8W. N.Y. Herald-Tribune. Inc.) CROSSWORD--- By Eugene Sbeffer] 12. 34 3ft 57 !o\ Ih 35 23 4o 48 21 31 •55 \8 32. 14- 37 t>o 10 II 24, 52. 25 and 50 Years Ago June S, 1938 Samuel A. Harrison, 96, a prisoner 73 years previous at Alton penitentiary, re-visited the site and recalled some of the events which took place while he was there. Prisoners removed the bodies of small-pox epidemic victims from their coffins, he said, and climbed into the 'boxes to await transportation to the burying grounds. There they would kick off the lids of (lie coffins and escape, "scaring to death" the driver of the conveyance which transported them. Harrison also recalled that his boots were full of blood from pricks of bayonets in the hands of guards en route, applied when a prisoner faltered on the march to prison. H. Ray Myers, becatur businessman and former recreation superintendent here, participated in the decennial sponsored by the Dad's Club at Kiwanis-Watertower Playground. Myers had been instrumental in developing the Alton recreation program, and in turning the Water- tower pond into a usable recreational area. Donald E. Sargent received his BA degree from the University of Iowa. Alderman George Cox, past president of the American Legion Post here, was named chairman of the annual post picnic set for July 4 in Rock Spring Park. Night fireworks would climax the event. Hellrung Construction Co. began remodeling of the former Landau grocery warehouse structure for Luer Bros. Packing Co., the new owners. The building, adjacent to the packing plant, fronted on Broadway at Spring. The new $40,000 Dawes gymnasium was formally presented by E. L. Dawes In dedication ceremonies during Blackburn College commencement. Irma Ingwerson was crowned Blackburn College queen. Klinke Ice & Fuel Co., located at Sixth and Oak streets for more than 50 years, requested rezoning of the northwest corner from Class B to business use. Walter V. Wuellner, arcliitect, and P. F. Connor, night superintendent of the Laclede Steel Co. tube mill, both ill of'encephalitis, were improving at St. Anthony's Infirmary. Spencer Brown, Alton High School and Shurtleff College graduate, was retained as an instructor in speech and psychology at the University of Minnesota. ,1913 Alton taxpayers were Slightly miffed' Wer announcement that it would cost $100,000 to Vim the..Alton school system next year. This was the same as the cost the year before but ta*. payers had been anticipating a cUt since several small outlying districts had IfldJdAted they would operate their own schools neJrt k year and not send pupils to Alton on a tuition basis. Withdrawal of pupils,,the boWd 6f education announced, would mean the district would have to pay more, since the anticipated tuition would not be forthcoming. Moreover, a pay boost granted teachers would cost abotlt $5,000. In face of the tax situation;, Andrew Schnorr, member of the board of education, put through a motion that electric fans and screens be provided for the board meeting room at the high school. ., Mrs. Austin Gillespie was severely burned while washing a bed tick. In the midst of the annual traditional spring-time house-cleaning, Mrs. Gillespie pushed the bulky feather-filled tick into a tub filled with scalding water, causing the water to pour over the sides. Mrs. Gillespie was wearing high-buttoned shoes and the water poured into one of them, badly burning her foot before the shoe could be removed. Patrick Maguire, city weighmaster, whose scale house was located next to the city dog pound, called for a humane society investigation of conditions at the pound. Maguire said that dogs were literally kicked and thrown into the pound by what he called their brutish captors who received good pay for their work. He charged that the dogs were not being fed or watered while awaiting release to their owners and, worse, large and vicious dogs were throw in with smaller and peaceable animals arid loud and snarling fights resulted, some of the dogs being badly hurt. • The Rev. Dr. W. S. Abernathy of Kansas City spoke at Shurtleff College commencement program at Upper Alton Baptist Church. Degree* were conferred on: Wilbur Kenneth Brown, Bertha Clare Fiegenbaum, Elijah Newton Groce, Winfred Raymond Hall, Marie Edna Kelsey, Matthew Lawrence, Earl Jbesting McNely, Lauretta Grace Paul, Julia Marie Raul, George Stetson Sloman, Carl C. Terry, Everett Earl Wheeler, Frieda Anna Netzhammer, Claudia N. Terhune. The Allen-Scott Report Plans to Give Big Aid to Asia WASHINGTON — President Kennedy is making a major poli- y shift in Asia and the Far East. He has decided to use massive U.S. aid to build up India and ndonesia, the largest neutralist lations, as a "third force" in lat vital region while cutting as- istance to a number of strongly anti-Communist Asian nations. Unless Congress upsets his >lans, the President will give India $3 billion in military and economic aid over the next two years o shore up that nation's economy and to help equip the doubling if her military forces. Indonesia, which has strong ies with Communist China and lussia, is to receive $400 million during the same period to bolster he financially shaky regime of President Sukarno. Under this policy shift, aid to 'aldstan, Thiland, Formosa, South Korea and South Vietnam, all vith strongly pro-U.S. governments, will, be gradually reduced over the next two years. U.S. military advisers in these ive nations are to be cut back, vith the largest reduction in South Vietnam, where such personnel vill be cut from 12,000 to 6,000 by the end of 1964. These and other still secret decisions were made by the President and his chief foreign policy advisers during a series of high- evel Wliite House meetings prior o this week's state visit of India's President Servepalli Rad- hakrishnan. The latter's lavish welcome, including a private meeting with congressional foreign policy leaders, was arranged by the White louSe to help sell the new policy to Congress, including the massive arms program for India. The Details Congressional leaders first HORIZONTAL 42. symbol for 1. Malay gibbon 4. Hawaiian greeting 9. school of aeaU 12. Mexican rubber UTM 18. division of the calyx 14. regret 16. The Men 17. to assign 19. prig 21.repentant 22. an attlo 24. toward 25. pronoun 27. ocean 29. English streetcar 82. a beverag* 84. consume 8.1. cut through wood 87. born 88. three, at card* 40. ChincM wax it. Shem, in the New Testament aluminum 43. Babylonian water god 46. stumble 47. light boat 30. oust 63. wedding 66. space 67. serviceman's address 68. threefold 60. annoy 61. morning moisture 62. possession of value 63. golf mound VERTICAL 1. a mass 2. winglike 3. manage 4. like 10. not at home 11. river in Scotland 16. artificial languag^- lS. expand 20. newts 23. snare 5. Irish sea god 25. arrow 6. opens (poetic) 7. nimbus 8. wide awake 9. make petition Answer to yesterday's puzzle. AvM«f i U»t •! svUUo* (O 1W3. King Future* Sya4, Inc.) poison 26. abound 27. bristle 28. nobleman 30. solemn wonder 31. dtesolv* 33. animate 36. challenge 89. period of time 44. girl's nanw 46. the yellow bugle 47. black Mitt 48. paddle* 49. shield 51. wax 62.sel*> 68. insana (54. simian 66. compaM direction (abbr.) W.Latin cwnroquips KORVBX TRNRXFVDHW B E« NCBVDB NUB URTRNBFK WMFO- OBO. re*terd»ys OryptoqoJpl nBUCATB OLD LACK DECOR- ATBS UNBN DftESfl, learned of the administration's sweeping policy change at a briefing by Deputy Assistant Defense Secretary William P. Bundy on his return from India. He told the legislators President Kennedy had desided to give arms aid to India the highest priority despite strong protests from Pakistan and Thailand, this country's most trusted allies in Asia, that additional arming of Nehru's forces would upset the military balance in the area. Bundy revealed the new arms aid would run into billions, justifying the additional aid on the ground that India needed the larger force to deter further Chinese Communist attacks. He reported that part of the cost of tiie new program would be met by using military aid funds originally requested for other Asian countries, and taking U.S. military equipment from stockpiles in Europe. The latter method was employed in supplying India with $60 million in emergency arms aid the past six months. Foreign Aid Administrator David Bell has taken the lead in Today's Prayer Almighty God, in Whose sight the whole creation is good, so enlighten our ambitions and guide our strivings by Thine own indwelling goodness that we may not call anything common or disdain the ordinary, but may rather be enabled to find joy and satisfaction in the daily round and to contribute by our lives to the increase of goodness and mercy in the world, as did Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen. —Raymond E. Balcornb, Corvallis, Ore., minister, First Methodist Church. (© 1863, General Features Corp.) trying to sell Congress on the need to increase aid to Indonesia, which has consistently followed the Kremlin's policy line. He told the House Foreign Affairs Committee that the administration was considering doubling aid to Indonesia to stabilize its economy and to make President Sukarno's government less dependent on Communist assistance. The U:S. has been supplying Indonesia with about $100 million in aid annually. The new program will boost this amount to nearly $200 million yearly, including a series of loans that will release other Indonesian funds to pay for the nationalization of U.S and British oil facilities. ' Indonesia is the fifth most populous nation with a population of 96 million. Her legal Communist Party of 2 million is the largest outside the Communist bloc. Since Indonesia became independent shortly after World War II, tiie U.S. has tried to preserve its influence in Jakarta with more than $600 million economic aid. In recent years, Washington has been competing against a massive Soviet aid program, including $1 billion in military assistance, and $500 million economic credit. In exchange for this aid, President Sukarno is permitting Russia's Pacific-based submarine fleet to use the former Dutch naval base near Jakarta, and to keep more than 500 naval technicians in the country. Brazil has received $709 million Under the Alliance for Progress program since President Goulart adopted his neutralist policy two years ago, according to a State Department report. (® 19B3, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSEI'U WICITNKY so heartily despise. This is good, jolting therapy because we usually find that the disliked characteristics are peculiarities that we ourselves have, but repress. Psychologically our own unadmit- ted inferiorities are those we most deplore in others, and wliich excite our most violent condemnation. Arc votern Influenced by political speeches? Answer: Some are, but it takes a remarkably dynamic political speaker to change the votes of so-called born Democrats or born Republicans. These individuals were conditioned early to discredit the opposite party's office seekers. Unless de-conditioi.ed in adult life, they remain scornful of all opposite-party programs and promises. That is why many astute politicians would rather be liked than listened to, why they disseminate charm instead of vigorous political views. Should we ignore people we dislike? Answer: We should not, and we can't. Even if that were possible, it is best to study the people we dislike and determine what their characteristics are that we (® iwtt, King Feature*. Synd.. Inc.) f. Do most Americans enjoy work? Anuwer: A recent survey r0t ported in the Insider's News Letter found most Americans wank ing to work but not liking their jobs. Although 80 per cent said they would continue working even U they had a fortune, the reason given was to avoid the emptiness of not working. Some 75 per cent WQuld not continue In their present jobs. Those who disliked work said it was something one has to do. At higher. levels work was considered "no fun."

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