Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 1, 1958 · Page 5
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November 1, 1958

Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 5

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Hope, Arkansas
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Saturday, November 1, 1958
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t Netimfctr t» If SI MOM ITAI, HOM, AHAHiAl TexfofWashburn'sTV Cofitifiued frotti Pafg Qtte •sales tak legislation 1 have a state-wide ob* ligittion to expose and defeat the SfcUeent las on groceries' and medidfie whieh you will vote OH November" 4, .. guess is', you aren't going to get much help from the newspapers', The only help I got from the press in circulating the petition whieh put the 3% sales tax on next month's ballot came from my late partner, Clyde E, Palmer, older, more experienced publisher, who felt like 1 did=4hat the sales tax has been carried to a brutal extreme, Both the big Little Rock papers are edi* f torially supporting the 8% sales tax, Yet (•they, like my own paper, have an obligation to take care of their subscribers' interests in return for the money that the subscribers have paid them, Are they really supporting the -8 % sales tax as a public service, or are they afraid that if it fails some substantial part of the tax burden will fall back on their own wealthy properties ? I 1 have given you the 30-year tax record of my own newspaper, and previously published it in Hope Star as the record of a speech I delivered before Hope Rotary club on Sep* tember 26. I challenge the Little Rock papers to give the people of Little Rock their own tax records the last 80 years, adjusted to the present-day dollar and with property expansion over the period accounted for, The sales tax has been used as a cover-up 'for property takes. With property taxes it is always Tomorrow—but with the sales tax it is always Today. Every person, every business house that speaks up for the 3% sales-tax is,in this hour suspect. • He is suspected of acting through fear or self-interest. All these people shouting for the 3% sales ftax are serving themselves. So I advise you to serve your own self— and vote against Act 19, the 3rd-cent sales tax—next November 4. ' Thirty years ago timberland in Arkansas was assessed $2 to $3 an acre—call it $2.50 on the average. And you had no sales tax on your back. Adjusted to today's dollar that $2.50 assessment would figure $7.50. But today's average timberlambassessment is only $4— •about half the amount of 30 years ago— while you have'- wrapped around your neck a S'/i, sales, tax on'.'groceries and medicine that costs the average-family $90 a year in taxes that were.nbfrlevied 30 years ago, The sales tax ,has;,been used as a cover-up for property taxes.V.r- ' •' With property taxes'it is always Tomorrow —but with the. saljes.-tax it is always Today. And for this^ cruej, aiVd, intolerable situation ^1 lay the blame' squ'arely "at "the "'door'of "the, Apolitical school crowd: •, They are in fact the public schools' worst enemy. They have laid.'pff the rich and soaked the poor. ' '•'['' And here is thej/great tragedy for Arkansas; , "; 'y.;; The major holdings 'are in big companies, with most of then%stockhoklers living outside the state. The only^vay we have of making these absentee owriejps pay their just share £of the cost of Arkansas government is to ' assess their corporate holdings fairly during the years they are in business here. Otherwise, there comes a time when they liquidate, pay the -federal government its 25% capital gains, tax,' pocket'the balance personally—and'-Arkansas gets nothing, , And the home people of, Arkansas have to pay a 2>%' sales tax 1 to fill up the hole that foreigners have dug for us, ' When will'Arkansas start looking after her •own people and demand that outsiders doing business among us carry their fair share of the load? Other states look after the home folks— and they are gaining population, not losing it 'like Arkansas, People fjock ,to Florida and California, Both those states collect property 'taxes in a big way, And both states have the S c /o sales tax,- But groceries and medicine are ^exempt, The home people buy tax-free at the grocery store, The tourist eats at a-restaurant and pays sales tax, And that's how it ought to be, When will Arkansas start looking after her own people and demand that outsiders carry a fair share of the, load 1 Now when I talk tough ab9wt property taxes} know you think at once "of your own property, With most of you, that means the house ypji Jjye in, Probably ypiir- house ajK •personal assessments, have inereased r§ - eently, 'Mine have, for .sure, But the assessment problem I speaK of - isn't primarily ?pnp§i'n§cl with yevu The-man with PUP house isn't the fellow the govern* nient shpuJd be Ipoking 'finv They've prob. . ably- got you already Jw mti pf what they'll get, Besides/the 8r<ta$nt£gl@a tax eosts the family $SQ & >w -»£iid ysu have a Q JjnopJjf^iat'flwjfe by vetjng against »aid, with thg big Wings* This Jajto gmtt las teita Thii is the reasgn yw aVr#iiied on rit'tey yW'tQ put up mere anjj njej's tax dQlUirs^pn, the necessiti?'* of life* >Y w Qi\$ likfislft py- ia$^ But j?rcjiey» i owners psp-eet te $$y yigjr-, glwe-jQ? the k'Aad'inw w hs^y thg mw&timl wW or i m Ar« had 4 las exiling m 1ft. milts, The palitkttt sehebl crowd to 194§ tslkett the people itita fatifyifig Amendffleiit 40f« whieh i fought all the w^belwhtof t)i§ is^fflill eellifig, Now we hhve no ceiliRgt Now whoa! clistt'iet taxes run as higft as 80 ; §r.-7.q mills !H some dfstPfcUi 1« w own Mepe distiMet the Me has risen to 38 mills— and would have jfotte to 40 mills last yeiu 1 had not this editor and his newspaper aroused the public, 1 took the position then, as always, that you can't reform the assessment level as long as you kid yourself into believing phony millage rates will bring in more tax dollars, Actually, the tax dollars go down, as I showed you from the tax records of my own property, The political school crowd goofed again— and this time it was a royal dotible*cross— only two years ago, The iOSS legislature had worked up a package deal with the schools' agreement, One part of the package was Act 153 to increase assessments gradually ( to 20% of property's true value, and providing penalties in reduced state aid for districts which failed to bring their assessing figures in line, The other part of the package— to which the political school crowd had solemnly agreed was proposed Amendment 43, which would have restored the tax ceiling at 30 mills, The legislature approved Amendment 43 and referred it to the people in the general election of 1956. Immediately, the school crowd repudiated their legislative agreement and put .on a state-wide campaign to defeat the 30-mill tax ceiling— and did so. Specifically, the Hope School Board and the board of neighboring Prescott issued public statements attacking the 30-mill ceiling — and I replied by denouncing both boards in newspaper editorials. And so today the political school folks are conducting another state-wide campaign — this time to support the 3% sales tax, because they studiously hindered and double- crossed every attempt to reform the assessing .program and give property owners a chance to pay a fair share of the cost of government. So the tax millage goes up, the assessment program slows down to a standstill — and the small man gets a 3% sales tax on his groceries and medicine. Is this a mere accident — or is it deliberate? That's a good question. I say it is deliberate. The master-minds of this state-wide campaign for the 3rd-cent sales tax have organized just about everybody — including the tax-supported agents of the University of Arkansas, the tax-supported Welfare Department, and a host of politicians who have gotten big increases in their tax-paid salaries. More than a year ago John Tyler Caldwell, president of the University of Arkansas, issued a memorandunrto ever"ybne*oh*'t}ie 'University payroll requesting donations to cover the deficit of the Governor's Advisory Committee on Education (GAGE)— the pressure group which put over the 3% sales tax in the 1957 legislature, I have a copy of that memorandum, dated May 15, 1957, When the boss of an outfit calls 'for a political contribution is it a request 'or an order? I'll let you answer that one, Mr. Caldwell and his institution are supported by the taxpayers and wherever he goes he travels at public expense, Only a few days ago, October 16, he was in my town of Hope campaigning publicly for the Z% sales tax. .' Less than a week later he was followed to Hope by one of his tax-supported associates, Kenneth S, Bates, assistant Director of the Agricultural Extension Service, - Mr, Bates campaigned for the 3% sales tax at an area home demonstration membership meeting. and I was told that from my town he. went to similar meeting at Arkadelphia. A])d while I am on the subject of the Extension Service let me tell you the setup in Hope, and then you may find it is the same in your own city and county, Thirty years ago when Hempstead county's farm popuja- tjoij was twice what it js today it was ably served by two agents, Today, with half the farm population there ave not two but six people jri the Hope office, What do they do? You guessed it— they boat the bushes for ,-otes for the 3% sales tax so nobody will get discharged, - Comfortable people with good caj's~and nice honies,- these ta,x,supported individuals see nothing wrong in taking las dollars off the grocery bill of less f ortwpte citizens who <?an just barely see where tomorrow's 1 living Js coming from, But after all, these are only small people, The same 1957 legislature whieh said money was so' short we had to have a $% gales'tas on groceries and nietlieine; and gave a modest th.pu.gh delayed raise to th§-S9h9o} teachers and old foJte^-this same jegjpiature dealt out e increases -to persons high in Ar» government,- Here is the recQj'd j , COURT' JU»GES~Their. sal' rged from $S,QQQ.to$ie,OP9. CJBPUJT ANP OHANCBRV Raised from $7,300 'to $iO,8QO; • -STATE EWITAfc SUPBR from #]&OQQ to lifi,aoo,' MrnmmW* &4»fc r-vt i i> .TCI T~» - ft rt/l -f iir\W1 trust, K f\f\ J.*. ff» 1 A A A A . ^ Atom A mm w ~~ ^,™ $ jjppi^liiMW iSi #M & jMi&mcwte wift'Mi^ite .,._.„ 6offi«¥'m68ily ffoift the SHIM;w*,- tax will be voted on Ncyembef 4 in the erftt eleetiofl. Your vole fop Aet 10 will., vent this cut in yoitf grant. Gel your friends aisd relatives to vote for Aet Ifi?' That sttme night 1 sent photostats of the threat to Little ttodk to ascertain whrtt atu thorny Welfare Cofiimissionef* Cm*! Ad«tns had to include eleetioneering mnlerinl in ft of ferici'flUiifli'UciptttiHg fiiflds«4)iit 1 got nowhere, In the Little Rock Democrnt October 6 Commissioner Adams confirmed the state* wide mailing and said federal authorities had ap-proved of the notice before it Was sent out, On October 9 1 reported this matter by telegram to Miss Kathryn Goodwin, Acting Director, Bureau of Public Assistance, De» IHii'tment of Health, ISdueittioii and Welfare, Washington, D, C,<—and naked for ft federal statement, The following day Miss Goodwin wired me from Washington: "We have requested a complete report on this situation, In the meantime we would prefer not to comment." Not only did Commissioner Adams tell an untruth—he appears from that telegram to be under investigation, The whole threat against the welfare folks is merely the bluff of a frightened politician. The man who sent out that slip has more to fear than the man who received it. The old folks' checks were only raised from $35.63 to about $42 a month—but Commissioner Adams got an increase of $2,500 a year, Commissioner Adams' talk about cutting the welfare checks in half is pure nonsense. One of the best informed authorities on state finance is John F. Wells, publisher of the Arkansas Recorder, government news digest, Little Rock. He wrote in the October 10 issue of the Recorder that Commissioner Adams' statement was fantastic because at the very best the old age assistance "fund got only I'/j million dollars from the 3rd-ceht sales tax, and, besides, the state Treasury had prior to the 1-c.ent rise in the sales--tax a General Revenues surplus of 10 million dollars. So the welfare folks can vote as they please on Act 19 next Tuesday—and let Commissioner Adams hang on to his $2,500-a- year-salary increase as best he can, Everyone else will be voting in their own interest, so 'you do the same—vote against this 3rd-cent tax on your 'groceries and medicine. • Now the 3rd-cent sales tax is' going to be defeated when the people vote on it next Tuesday, and it must be obvious to you that it is going to take many years to work out a program of property assessment reform. What, the school folks ask me, do you have to offer as an emergency program to take us through this critical period just, ahead. , My 'answer to all the school teachers of '*''-'-- •-"--' 'o the welffire'folks as,well, is The school politicians have-been quick to tell us the size of public school/budgets and school teachers' salaries in other states—why haven't they been equally quick to tell us how those other states pay for those budgets and salaries. • The school politicians have known the answer all along. They knew it back in 1957 when, instead of telling you all the truth, they cowardly,, hid the answer—and demanded instead that the legislature pass the 3 c /v sales tax against groceries and medicine. They took the easy road of crucifying the poor because they were afraid if they told you the truth about those other states' school finance programs they would run into controversy, , • Well, they borrowed those other states' school budgets—now let them borrow their tax program ,., and lay off the poor, Seventeen American states own and operate liquor dispensary systems, Several of these are Southern states, notably Alabama, North Carolina, Virginia, Under the state owned package store system the state retains store-profit as well as liquor tax, using the revenue to help schools 'and old folks, The state monopoly covers dis* tilled spirits only, excluding beer, It js a virtual certainty that a stated-owned lictvior dispensary in Arkansas would yield more public revenue than the 3rd*cent sales ,w lime revenue ahatild n\n 14 td 15 This Is Hfl edueaUott retM measure the 1059 leftfelrtttire could ettaet nt once in , ti is coiiipovdi'sinl, 1 know, ttui, unlike the liliettl crowd, f hnve llie good common sense to stand up here and loll ywj about It. And 1 point to its success in Alabama nnd North Carolina nut) Virginia over ninny 1 urn telling you about the Hquor dfepen- anry system now because come next Tuesdny the neonle nre going to .throw out thht 8rd- cent tax on groceries find medlcine~-aiui then you will hftve to mnke up your mmd about emergency revenue, Well, 1 nm at the end of n long story—a ntorv on which 1 have spent nearly $.11,000 personally, In .19515 t circtilfttcd the petition ror tt vote against the exemption of t vestock and poultry feed from the 2% sales tnx, urguing that the school folks refused to fight it because they wanted an excuse to raise the sales tax to 8%, 1 bore all of the cost of that petition, $6,024,96, Apparently it was worth' while,, even though the petition was destroyed in the courts. When I circulated in 1957 the petition to put the SrcUcent sales tax on the ballot next Tuesday the most eager signers wore these same poultry people. Back in 1955 I had told them the truth. The sales tax did go to 3%—iind so in 1957 the poultry people found they were paying more sales tax on groceries than they saved in iced exemption. So I was a,true; prophet, and oi that 1957 petition campaign expense totaling $7,274.38 1 personally .contributed $3,066.07—making an audited total for me in the two campaigns of $9,091.03. I have paid for this state-wide telecast personally, another $1,848.75—and lor all this you owe me nothing. -Except this: Go to the polls next Tuesday and vote against Act 19. , "Don't pay any attcntioir-'to the other side s propaganda. Vote your interests—just. as you know they are voting theirs. If my words and my example have found favor with you 1 extend this invitation to join me in organizing an Arkansas League of Voters. It would represent and protect the common people who have no expensive lobby to defend them when the legislature is looking for a tax goat. Write to me in care of Hope Star at Hope. Any donations you send will be set up in u bank account for the future work of the League of Voters, and we can proceed with the organization at a later date. Two state-wide petition campaigns have taught me the need for such an organisation —to hold over the lobby-ridden legislature the constant threat of a petition to refer un- just'tax measures to u popular vote. ' Only yesterday—although 23 years ago— we were saying property was broke and couldn't carry the entire load of taxation. Today we need an organisation that will stand up and remind the state that direct taxes on the people like the sales tax can t carry the entire load—to remind the state that property now is at the highest market in history and should pay its fair share. That's a representation job the League of Voters could do. Another job the League of Voters might do is to revise Amendment J9, which protects the taxpayer from increases in taxes in effect- up to 1934,'hut does not give that protection on the sales tax because it came along a year later. It should be no easier to raise taxes on the poor than on the rich. Write to me at Hope if you want to help organise an Arkansas League of Voters. It might be the means some day of helping the public schools solve their revenue problem permanently, Perhaps we could initiate a constitutional amendment locking up state school funds at Little Rock so the legislature couldn't divert and squander them. That .would be a great day for Arkansas. If you're interested in the text of this speech, I have had it printed, Send a 4o postage stamp to me at Hope and 1H mail you a copy, lt ., Thank you for your long attention, bless you—and Good Night, Cites Unreasonable Union Restrictions pointed monitors (3 the To«mstei-s Rjon co/npjainec} to U.fj. Djsl, Judge F, Rigkinson Letts today thai uniw bosgps have adopted un< lor ynioft office, fhty said the purpose, js to perpetuate incumbents |n offjce, . The monitors asHed Judge iUelts \o .strpngthpn IheU" ha«4 to deal " jpg With union President James B, Ji°Ha, »nd, other international offers, Th<? monitors wpre 3P' pointed jjjidor aji order from ketts. In papers JJJed. with thP cp.crt» the monitprs sa(4 the jnteniaUon' p} offipers ;iavp/ interpreted the union's J957 constitution in a \vyy that noises the ygst 'majority o£ the members ineligible 'to rup «»' , monitors aske4 Judge Lett 1 ! tp tip]} lhJ?rn whe^Jjcjp Jhey mny re- international ofiipers to ree- tq Japai vjni<?.ns "all rea- previsions, -.Jnelydjng clec- whjch they Eropose^ unions, to $2,000 Taken com Dierks Co, Office HOT SPRINQS, Ark., (AP) — Burglars stole approximately ?g,* 000 cash from the office pf Pjerks Forests, Jnc., at nearby Mountain Pine early today. They fUso took J3 shotgcns #nd a riije and eight wak-iies from the company store »ncj a, srnaJl amount of narcotic? fi'pm th« drug spctlon,. The money was taken 'from a safe whjeh was forced open, ' £h^rif£ Leonard E)lJ(s said (\\c burglars apparently hi4 selves in (he ?tore Jjcf<Jre, v , r time las^ night, There was m dicfttion of forpiblQ entry, fn ffot Springs thieyes >b,rofce In-, lq the Fountain WqLjqr store through a side window 9n<J iQQk. 3Q cases of half-pijls and, g(J cages o( beer valued, gt '3 tplaj e{ ai?9vit $uo.o. Apparent ih?; {9 haul sway the Two Negro Children , stone and fi i the -en/ May . at Msni- tveje Jjere •mf&'&y$$gte?4~'&!>'$•. ft- § #mv »PtoiiU>\ \m£te>tf* *« ftm4 jom»j&, va^fiwa -R^ s * ffltod,, sjn^xtej JSfm&ejv «f fiw» fltoiflntord?;-;? .>'»S r ^y'r. •*-• LIBERTY RISING—Wluil .'it IH'ct ulnnco touks like Un* Stntiie of Liberty In uiiliiiniliur surroundIMHH is m-limlly n f)iio-'(l_fih- sl/.o rupliufi of Amariuil's ruinous I-ntly. Tin- 3!-loot, 20,000- pouncl bronxc Slalnc Is buin« hoisted to the tnp of the Liberty Nnliomil Life Jnniirancc-BullcllnB In ninninrthum, Alii., \vhoro Us gns-nrccl torch will shod light IB I fed nbovc the city. Lilio her big slbter in New York llnibor, Mlba Liburty was mode in France, ' " Heart Disease Strikes City Folks More By FRANK CAREY Associated Press Science Writer ST, LOUIS (AP)—Formers nn- pcnr to hnvu much loss risk of developing severer forms of coronary hcurl disease thnn nontnrm- crs as, a group, a government n>port says. A loam of U.S. Public Health Service researchers said this was one of the preliminary findings of n survey on this disease condift- ed in six counties of northeastern North Dakota. The tetiin, headed by Dr. .Wlr 'liam Zukcl of the Naliona] Heart Institul'.', told the 8(5!h annual meeting of the American Public Health Assn. this story: Among 20,OCX) males 35 and over in the area's population, including about 10,5?0 rurfmters and 0,'HO men in other occupations, there were 22!) reported cases of coronary heart disease during the yonr of the study. Of the 228 cases, ilOI occurred among farmers and 127 in males of oilier occupations, The reported incidence of milder manifestations of the dl.sease— such as angina pectoris—was not much different for farmers wlion compared with nonfnrmers. However, the occurrence of \nc more severe manifestations t— such as myocardial infarction "heart attack") and death — was wice as high amonu the other iccupalional groups than it was unong the farmers. The reason The doctors offered no views. They mi/.ely seid, "The reason for .his, difference deserves more, in- ensive study," JUissellvillo and then, ^, nnd operated St.- Mary's^HospUaV.^! hero. t Ho bought SnioLy'Lsti'vlce rj,| Power Co, and the •'foxU'j'p Bulk f . Co, here )n 1051 and ,] qperntod < them until he retired In v!055, * Survivors include thc'^'widow, ' three sons nnd a daughter.- ^ _ ( ' Funeral arrangements wpro incomplete. " "*^ 'j," } Golden Girl Will Wiggle Again LAFAY^'H'E'i Ind. (AP)-- The program notes are dJifercnt, but Purdue University's "Golden Girl'' will be back with her same jiawaian wiggles between halves ot the Illinois • Purdue foolbajl game Saturday. "Golden Girl" Adelaide Joanna Parting's twitchy dancing stirred up a protest from two Purdue coeds who wrote a letter to the campus newspaper this week, Ai Wright, Purdue band leader, said the drill formations for the halftimc show of the homecoming Suytt WOKFOBMeWHEKVIf!? YOU. Businessmen at Russellville Dies Ark. William flussell Pate, C7, n prom* businessman, died at hl& boir.e hero Just night ijftor suffering a hoarl attack. For meny years Pate was associated with a hardware firm at Little Rock, Later he founded Gajdner-Pate Funeral Home at game had been changed for suke of variety before the coed protest ttppoarod. But Miss 'Darling, from Manle- ca, California wiil do exactly the same dance thai sho did at Purdue's game at Notrp 'Dame last (Saturday—the performance which touched off the coed ire. .ft isn't exactly a hula, Wright said, but a kind of junule dwc, done t« a Hawoian war chant. U's u!J pqvl on a show called "Hail Purdue Around the World." Legal Notice IN THg PRQ9AT5 Q9URT'PF ,HgMPST5AP fiQUNTY, IN THg MATTJ2R Op THE ESTATE OP No 12)8 , •William Carlisle Dudley, deceaspd Last known address of decedent-' Route ?, Hoop, Arkansas , Date of 4caUv Oct. 20, JQ?i The vnder&ignpd was appointed "administrator of the estate pf the clay of qclaber, , .. All p.ersqns having claims w ,„., r the estate" must exhibit |h,em, (Jv'y verified, tp-the uv»dersiga?<i w?"' 1 " sis mpjUhs- from !he dfttp p/ first uubli,va.Uon of this wUcP* gi' ( «V*M$;,,*P# 5. IOW-MICI TV WITH IXCLUJIVlf MOTOROLA Full year guarantee,-on 'all '- tubea and parts," 6 years on If ^GoldanJTube SentryUnit. f Uae a« stereo npeuker. FiivtahM: Chnr- •onl. Grained Mahogany or O r « i n • d Blond. Mod- .nm ' . •1 21T68. YOU* HADI; W EASY PAY TIRE STORE, I ..i*'.'3S '>J, 214, E, 2nd. , Hope'^A¥l?|| ,'jj f I A ! A II '-f'f'xwf^ Constellation i'Vl? *na II

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