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PAGE FDUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH FRIDAY, MAY 31,1963 Editorial What It Really Said Much was said in effect yesterday across the land about Articles XIIT-XV of the United State Constitution's amendments, and much lias been written and discussed of late particularly about section 1 of Amendment XIV. Memorial Day originally was designated as in memory of the dhS War dead, though since that time its honor has been extended to the victims of all wars in which the United States participated. It would hardly be amiss, then, if we pay heed to the Constitution amendments which grew out of the Civil War. It never hurts to go back to the source language on which so much interpretation is sometimes nude that we lose sight of the original text. Article XV says briefly, simply, and directly: "1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. "2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation." Another article of the Constitution, No. XIV, much in the news as a result of orders for federal troops into Birmingham says in its first section: * * > Method Over Matter Dr. Albert R. Kitzhaber. president-elect of the National Council of English, and professor of English at the University of Oregon, has come up with some interesting observations on the way American colleges teach the language after a nationwide Carnegie sponsored survey. Though English is a required subject in nearly every college, the college student is stifled, will get little direction, and will have his creative talents placed in a straight jacket, Dr. Kitzhaber opines, by the current approach to teaching it there. "Freshman English," he says, "is so confused, so clearly in need of radical and sweeping reforms, that college English departments can continue <to ignore the situation only at their increasing peril." He points to three major defects: Con-' fusion in purpose, inexpert teaching, and poor textbooks. One of his most serious crit- 1 •> * '* •» While They're At It While the General Assembly is taking up elimination of party designation and the primary for election of circuit court clerks in downstate Illinois under the new judicial constitution, we suggest it look into possibility of going one.step further. We have long believed the circuit clerk, and other clerical employes of the county, should be elimiogted from the ballot and hold office by appointment, or, if possible, under civil service. The current proposal would make the clerk election procedure coincide with that of judges, It would make possible re-election "1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of the United States, nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." Article XIII, abolishing slavery, provides: "I. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. "2. Congress shall have power by appropriate legislation, to enforce the provisions of this article." So there you have it. readers. We thought you had a right to read it once again — even if you weren't able to find your old United States history book from high school. Oddly enough, even our copy of the Congressional Directory doesn't contain a printing of the United States Constitution. At least it isn't mentioned in cither the index or the table of contents. Our reference was to the World Almanac. icisms was that college freshman English classes are assigned to part-time graduate students or junior instructors, as would be expected in view of the need for a large staff. He also cites inadequate direction of and preparation for the instructors, who aren't required to take truly professional courses. The instructors, he says, are ill-informed because of lack of subject content in their preparation. Much the same objection is now coming to 1 the fore against preparation of teachers in all levels of education these days: They must spend so much time studying methods of presentation that they absorb little worth presenting. Dr. Kitzhaber's study may launch a revolution in the entire educational profession. If it does start even a mild one, it will have served a profound purpose. of circuit clerks on their record, without running against opposition. This is a good initial step. But we believe the clerk has even less reason than a judge to stand for election, and the public has even less reason for wanting to vote on the job. He should be subject to removal by those who know best how well he performs on the job. The judges and and attorneys should have much to do with filling the office. The office most often is just so much ballot clutter to the average voter and distract his attention from the policy offices. Drew Pearson's Merry'Go-Round Nik Probably Easier to Deal With WASHINGTON — President Kennedy was bluntly asked by a group of callers the other day whether he had not missed the boat in not taking advantage of Khrushchev's friendly overtures to the United States after the Cuban crisis. The question came up in connection with Pope John's Easter encyclical "Peace on Earth" in which he advocated a'policy of coexistence with the Communist world. The President's reply was that there "may be something to trie argument that those who sooner or later replace Mr. Khrushchev may be much tougher to deal, with. "But we simply cannot give Mr. K certain things in order to strengthen his personal position in the Soviet Union or the B 1 o c because to do so would involve diplomatic surrender on the part of the United States — on Berlin for instance — even though I have serious reservations about the survival of the human race if we continue to experience a series of crises any one of which could explode into nuclear war. "There is no doubt a limit to the number of crises that can be endured without accident or mis calculation," the President continued earnestly, "and we can all make such miscalculations — causing nuclear weapons to be come active — with the consequences that I am sure justify my reservations about the survival of humanity. "But I just do not see how we can be expected to make arrangements with Mr. Khrushchev on any one of a number of questions — test ban, Berlin, disarmament, and so forth — easier as he may be to deal with than others in his camp, the Chinese certainly — when these arrange ments would amount to diplomatic defeat or serious compromise on our part. "And it seems evident that the only kind of settlement which The United Stales has the shortest public school day among the leading nations of the world, Adra. Hymen G, Rickover disclosed recently in a speech before t h e Greater Grand Rapids, Mich., Chamber of Commerce. would strengthen Mr. Khrushchev personally in the Bloc," concluded Kennedy, "would be a settlement representing surrender by us of certain vital interests relating to our national security." Is JFK Right? Some State Department advisers don't agree with the President on this point. They point out that after the Cuban crisis, the U. S. ambassador, Foy Kohler, reported that Khrushchev was on lop as far as the Red Army was concerned. Then followed his overtures to Washington which were rebuffed. In recent weeks the American embassy has reported that the Red Army generals and the hard line are back on top. Fidel Castro even made the remark at a Moscow reception that Khrushchev always had a babysitter with — Marshal Malinovsky, minister of Defense, who always sat in on conversations be tween Khrushchev and Castro. Some U.S. military experts and scientists also argue that minor concessions such as fewer nuclear inspections on Soviet soil would not have jeopardized U.S. security, inasmuch as underground testing, tbe only issue ivolved, is confined, cumbersome, and expensive. They do agree that bargaining with Khrushchev will now be far Alton Evening Telegraph Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. COUSLEY, Publisher PAUL S. COUSLEY. Editor Subscription price 40c weekly by carrier; by mall $12 a year In Illinois and Missouri, $18 In all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted In towns where carrier delivery Is available. MEMBKK OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited In this paper and to the local news published herein. MEMBEK. THE AUDIT BUKEAU OF CIRCULATION Local Advertising Rates and Contract information on application at the Telegraph business office. Ill East Broadway, Alton, 111. National Advertising Representative*: The Branham Company, New Yoik, Chicago, Detroit and St. Louis. David Lawrence Kennedy's Idea Could Cause Woes WASHINGTON. May 30. -The House Ways and Means Committee, at the instigation of the Kennedy administration, has opened up a pandora's box of troubles for certain American taxpayers. Millions of persons will discover for the first time that they have been evading taxes and are delinquent on what the government is entitled to collect from them. The Treasury Department, at the request of the President, asked Congress the other day to require the payment of in- :ome taxes by certain individuals who receive life insurance policies from their employers. Although not a cent of the money is received by the employee and the proceeds are )aid to his family after his death, the Kennedy administra- ion wants the amount of the premiums paid by the employer each year to be taxed as income to the worker just the same as if these were paid in he form of wages. Although no money is handled and no cash benefits of any kind is received by the employee, there is to be a tax on premiums over and above a ertain amount of life insurance protection. The administration wanted to fix the exempted amount of the policy at $5,000, )Ut members of Congress are balking and want to set the imit of exemption at a much igher figure. Principle Complex The principle involved, how- ver, is what will provoke wide- pread uneasiness concerning all the benefits now given by the mployer to the employe which are not in the form of cash, 'bus, here are some of the terns on which many individuals are not making out a com- ilete return and are presumably delinquent on what they 'eally owe the treasury: 1. All seniority rights in em- sloyment or lay-offs — recognized and granted by an em- iloyer whether or not at the iehest of a union—are taxable nless Congress specifically ex- mpts them.'For this is a form )f protection like life insurance —a system of job insurance covering certain industries. 2. The checking off of labor union dues each week is a serv- ce for employes, and a proportionate share of the cost would be taxable insome to each employe unless exempted by Congress. The same would- apply to authorized deductions fipr charitable contributions or purchase of government bonds. Many Benefits 3. Luncheons provided by an mployer at the factory or in the office, and any facilities for the ating of the lunches employes rirs, constitute benefits on which the individual owes taxes unless Congress now exempts them by 'aw THE LITTLE WOMAN The article appearing in the May 8 Telegraph headlined, ".. . Vhy Some Teachers Don't Take obs Here," 'should be of consid- rable interest to the taxpayers of h'e Alton school district. It should definitely help to sooth any guilt feelings resulting from he recent response to the school board's request for additional u n d s. This article provides ;everal excellent points from A'hlch can spring all sorts of ra- ionalizations for the defense of a agging teacher morale. The article is probably more jutstanding for what it did not ay than for what it did. Geo- ;raphic location is pointed to as he major inhibiting factor to eacher recruitments, and it fol- ows this up with some positive attractions such as cultural cent- T, wife moving into area via in- lustrial transfer of husbands, etc. The last paragraph of the art- cle sets forth requirements for mployment that can be summarized as the signing of proper orms. I would like to set forth a few more difficult. He is no longer completely in the driver's seat Milestone in Kentucky While national and internationa attention was focused on the pol ice dogs and water hoses of Birm ingham, a very quiet and littl noticed vote took place in the ol flee of Mayor William Cowger o Louisville which illustrated t h fact that bloodshed gets mor headlines than brotherhood. Louisville has undergone its ra cial unrest and misunderstanding in the past. But last year, Louisville city leaders called together Negro leaders and proposed an experiment in trust and understanding. Out of this came an 11- member Commission on Human Relations which worked for several months on voluntary integration, with reasonable success. Finally, however, Mayor Cow ger decided that an anti-bias statute should be adopted; and this month, almost simultaneously with the riots in Birmingham, the board of aldermen adopted it into law. The vote was 8 to 2, with one alderman abstaining and one out of town. "Outside of Kentucky." says Mayor Cowger, "our progress is not news because it is good news." Note — Mayor Cowger is t h e first Republican mayor of Louisville in 40 years. Simultaneously, Sen. John Sherman Cooper of Kentucky, another Republican, was beating the Kennedy administration to the punch by introducing a civil rights bill in the Senate. Most Republicans in the Deep South have adopted the line of the white citizens councils, but Republican moderates are urging that it will not be difficult to swing the large bloc of Negro votes away from Kennedy if the GOP follows the lead of Mayor Cowger and Sen. Cooper of Kentucky. Sen. Abe Ribicoff (D-Conn) is working behind the scenes to strip (he Agriculture Department of its authority to regulate insect sprays and pesticides. Ribicoff, who used to be secretary of HEW, has warned privately thut it's a mis- :ake to leave pesticide controls in :he hands of officials who are more interested in protecting crops than safeguarding public health ... (B> 1963, Bell Syndicate. Inc.) ;. Parking facilities, involving the outlay of large sums of money each week, are provided by many emp',v>yers. The amount, when di vided among the employes usin the parking lot, constitutes in come to the employe. Since Cong ress has not passed law exempting such income, the workers using the facilities ari really obligated to acsertain thi sums due and include them in gross income. 5 The services of secretaries or stenographer in handling per sona! correspondence for execu tives as part of their jobs can be calculated, and the cost of time attributable to work done for individual executives c a n le ally be taxed as a form of in come paid by the employer to the^e executives. . 6. Gifts made by employers a Christmas time are not gifts in ; legal sense. Unless all of these ar j specifically exempted by law employes will have to find ou the cost of such gifts and add this to tfieir gross income as a par of their wages. Tart of Estate It so happens that the proceeds of : ife-insurance policies, whether carried by an employer's pay- men! of premium or by the employe himself, are includec also as a part of the estate of the dereased and are subject to taxation again if the estate exceeds a certain amount. So the government even now has a means of taxing life-insurance policies but has not until a few weeks ag> considered the imposition ol an income-tax payment on the premium money paid by the em ployer on the basis that this has to ho considered as a part of an employe's income. One argument used by the treasury's experts to justify what they are doing is that the self employed have no such advaht age. The number of self- employed, of course, is relatively small, and it would be easy enough to allow the self-employed to have an exemption for life- iiiHurance premiums up to t h e amounts left untaxed in the case of those persons who are not sell- employed. (ITS 1H83, N.V. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) © King Feature! Synrficutt, Inc., 1D&1. World right* remrvcd. — "Of course I'm sick—I'm sick of cooking meals, washing dishes, cleaning house, darning socks—!" Readers Forum More Teacher Problems points that were not covered In the article and leave the comparisons to the reader. 1. Is the salary competitive enough to attract the interest oi experienced teaches attempting to move up professionally? 2. Does the district attract career people? 3. Can the district afford to demand excellence of preparation from its applicants? 4. Is the program such that it will attract the highly qualified educator? 5. Is the opportunity for growth present? 6. What does the future hold for the Alton teacher? These points are not offered in the negative sense. I'm sure that an emphatic yes is the answer to some of these questions. It does, however, make one wonder how an article concerned with teacher recruitment can miss the essential and dwell on the ridiculous. THOMAS D. DAILEY, 515 Hamilton Ave. Wood River Feiver Lullabies Needed May 19, 1963, I read where the irst non-stop Presidential plane vas flown to Moscow in 8 hours 9 minutes, 41 seconds. The newscast called it a record ireaking flight. Why? The news- ••ast said too, that it was carrying the head of the Atomic Energy Department to sign papers for us to exchange non-classified atomic secrets with Russia. Again, *Vhy? When Russia will not consent to A en three test ban inspections, even walked out on us at Gene- m, and refused to even try to negotiate with us to solve the test aan problem, why must we break a speed record flying to give her what she wants from us. For instance, what was done about the three Russian fishing rawlers loaded with high-powered tracking gear and radar? This was prior to the blast-off of Maj. Cooper's 22 orbit flight. Were they getting only non-classified in formation? Then too, what is being done about the two fliers who were shot down over Red China? Oh yes, we've asked for their return. So has the U.N. But what are we doing about it? I've been pondering all these things. It's like a crossword puzzle. When some pieces are missing, it doesn't make much sense. But find the pieces and fit them in, and you have it clear. I think I have done just that. For now I read where President Kennedy may visit with Mr. Khrushchev on his European tour next month. In my opinion, the sooner we stop singing these "Irish lull-a- bies" to Mr. Khrushchev and break out with a few bars of "The 01' Shillelagh the sooner we can cast off this feeling of apathy and disillusionment which has engulfed our nation. LUCY E. HAGAN 216 S. 13th St. Wood River CROSSWORD By Eugene Sheffer 12. Z/ 3Z 35" zz. 42 19 38 (*> Ho 33 30 47 SI 27 39 17 18 37 K- 10 24 28 44- 45 HORIZONTAL 1. solemn wonder 4. prohibit 9. wooden put 12. geographical term 14. before 15. Italian river 16. Semite 17. clever 19. three 20. bustle 21. snatch 23. bombarded 26. tear* 27. unadorned 28. Greek letter 29. epoch 30.rosary 81. sltln tumor 32. negative 83. dusky £4. Ice cream fthell 35. exhausted 37. coal scuttle* 88. flex 89. engendered 41. conscious 43. cravats 44. exists 46. thing (law) 47. rhi/om« 60. golf mound 61. bed linen 62. Turkish governor VERTICAL 1. mountain 2. court 3. printer** measure 4. Ireland 5. remain 6. bucketllk* vessel 7. mythical force 8. annoys Answer to yesterday's puzzle. ATcrtf* Mm* ol lolutlou: It mlnuUl. (C 1S68, King Featured Synd., Inc.) GftYPTOQUU'S 9. nacre 10. transgress 11. obtain 13.arrays 18. beverage 19. recording" reel 20. disreputable 21. magnificent 22. harshnesi 23. bear 24. rectify 25. ridges of sand 27. stitched 30. nags 31, lumber 33. row 34. thorax 36. dishonor 39. morsel 40. relax 41. skill 42. tiny 43. digit 44.frozen water 45. firmament 48, exclamation 49. Siberian gulf PLJEJQLP QWfcPWFBV BPZVPFPB CVPJFQBWB QW J V F Q Z. Yesterday 1 * Cryptoqulp: FINICKY FINANCIER DETESTS TRICKY DOST FADS. 25 and 50 Years Ago ,1938 Austin A. Lewis of Granite aty was appointed special state's attorney by Circuit Judges, Mudge, fteiss, and Joyce, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Lester Geers. Lewis had been the assistant state's attorney. Griffin Watkins, general hianager of the Hartford tannery of In^tiational Shoe Co., died unexpectedly at his hornV4n Fairmount Addition. His career, begun as a farm boy, had ascended through various other shoe company jobs to his top position. Watkins was a sportsman, whose interests included hunting, fishing, and horse racing. Among his treasured poss.es- sions were old guns, including art ornamented Spanish firing piece of 16th Century make,' and a silver-wire-inlaid steel-barrelled blunderbuss. He was survived by his widow and four daughters, Jane, Ruth, Gladys, and Lois. New members of the National Honor Society at Alton High School were Pat'Watkins, Jean Schmoeller, Alice Reeder, Diamond Kodros, Charles Tackwell, Janet, Rothacher, Marilae Muessel, Norman Bentley, Billy Myers, Lyda Belle Davis, Kathryn Sharkey, Thelma Alldredge, Bernard Harms, Beverly Earley, Norbert Franz, Helen Senz, Leola Foulks, Eleanor Wiseman, and Mary Jane Walker. L. W. Simpson of Collinsville was named clerk of the Madison County Board of Review. Total tax collection in Alton was $551,798.73, the largest since the law was changed in 1932 to permit payment of real estate taxes in two installments. Miss Anita Schulz, Marquette High School student, won second place in the state-wide Latin tournament at the University of Illinois. Mrs. Neil M. Waterbury was re-elected president and Mrs. W. H. Gissal treasurer of the League of Women Voters. Mrs. George Wilkinson and Mrs. O. C. K. Hutchinson were elected vice president and secretary. Miss Mary Lu Jackson, a wheelchair patient at St. Anthony's Infirmary for seven years and previously an invalid for 23, died at the infirmary. She was the aunt of Western Military Academy's Col. R. L. Jackson. The new Carlinville creamery produced 36,000 pounds of butter in its first month of operation, and gradual enlargement of milk routes through six counties was being stressed. Frank Owens, 60, a native of Alton who, ft) the mid-80's, promoted the btrtlcllflg Of ftl ilfSt skyscraper in Chicago, was Tiere to Visit rel* atives. He was a cousin of Ale* Weaver Aikil Mrs. Ginter. Owens, had been lot Some time in business-with his" son in Safl JhatidsCo, and was making arrangements to move back to Chicago. Alton Township Supervisor H. 0. Glberson and Alton city officials were in disagreement as to who was to appoint the judges and clerk* for the next general election here. Under their interpretation of an opinion of the attorney general, city officers contended that the city council now held the appointive power lor all elections because Alton was a city-township. Glb- erson insisted the attorney general's opinion referred only to tfie city and town elections, not to county or state elections. Twenty-one young men had completed then? 5-year apprenticeship and were to be received as journeymen members ol the glass glowers union. They were Jacob AUsman, George Bitzer, James B. Buck, John Christian, Louis C. Deucker, Sylvester East, Fred and Lawrence Fahrig, John Gaukrodger, Charles Guberson, William Gilsoh, Joseph Gray, Roy Hunter, William Kissee, Herman Kohle, Charles McQulg, John Myers, Cleveland Reeder, Jesse J. Smith, Joseph Slice, and Emory Warren. District 99 school directors had engaged the East Alton band to provide music for the school picnic in Edsall's Grove, near the new Milton school building. Games and contests had been arranged for the pupils, and Milton and Moro school ball teams were to have an afternoon contest. Parents were to provide a basket dinner. Yardmaster Dell Hildreth of the yard crew of the Bluff Line turned themselves into a fire brigade, and by an 8-minute switch engine run from Alton were able to save the railroad's bridge over Wood river. The men carried water from the stream for a half hour before getting the fire completely extinguished. Anton Minard of Clifton Terrace escaped with bruises when his team ran away after taking fright at an automobile as he was 1 driving home from Alton. Both his horses were so badly injured they had to be destroyed. The Alleri'Scott Report Clip 4 News Management Sylvester' WASHINGTON — Assistant Defense Secretary Arthur ("news management") Sylvester is be- ng significantly hobbled — obviously to keep him from caus- ng more embarrassing furores. Several months ago the inside word was that the turbulent Pentagon press chief, whose blustering justifications of official "news management" are still reverberating, was to be "kicked upstairs." That's what happened to former Assistant Secretary Roger Tubby, bumbling State Department press head, who was gotten rid of by shelving him in an innocuous diplomatic job in Geneva. But Sylvester's close ties with the White House "Mafia" (the inner clique of long-time assistants of the President) apparently has saved him for the time being. He is remaining in the Defense De^ partment, but in a definitely clipped role. While retaining his title and salary, he has been stripped of two key functions — and there may be others. Following is what has happened: TJie all-important authority over censorship has been taken out of Sylvester's hands and assigned to a new agency — the Directorate for Classification Management. Orville Splitt, able and well-liked long-time director of the Pentagon's news office, has been made a special assistant for the express purpose of handling press inquiries regarding the explosive TFX plane contract, and to assist Defense Secretary McNamara in preparing his presentations to congressional committees on this stormy issue. Newsmen have ready access to Splitt. They have been told to take up "special problems," particularly relating to McNamara, with Splitt. This is a big improvement for reporters. George MacClain, veteran civilian Air Force employe with considerable experience in the security field, is the head of the new Classification Management agency. He will function directly under Walter Skallerup Jr., Deputy Assistant Defense Secretary for Security Policy. Effect of this change is to take censorship policy away from Sylvester and turn it over to others. How Sylvester Was Clipped Significantly, this major curbing of Sylvester was ordered by Secretary McNamara. The hobbling was handled by Adam Yarmolinsky, special McNamara assistant. J. R. Loftis, administrative assistant to McNamara, explained it under questioning by the House Appropriations Subcommittee fn charge of the multi-billion dollar Defense budget. The lawmakers were particularly curious about the new Directorate for Classification Management. Representative George Mahon, D-Tex., chairman, wanted to know "what benefits you expect to derive from this new unit?" "The hope is that it will make some improvement in the selectivity of what should be classified (censore)^' replied Loftis. "While there is a great deal of information that has been given Today's Prayer 0 Lord, Who has given me these blessed years of life on this good earth, help me to use them to the best of my ability. Deliver me from complacency or any satisfaction with the lesser good. I know that I may have Thee for myself only when I share Thee with others; in the name of Jesus. Amen. —Robert W. Burns, Atlanta, Ga,, minister, Peachtree Christian Church. (© 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S, A.) out that we perhaps think should not be given out, there is also a vast amount of information that is o v e r-classified and which., should be given to the public. I might all that the best deci-' sions have not always been made.' There has not always been con-,, sistency." Representative Gerald Ford, R-Mich., pointed out that the "tendency" has been to over-clas- , sify, and in many instances class!-, fication involved opinion and not; information that had anything to do with security. ., "Personally I'm delighted to.- see this new office established," said Fordi "It was long overdue." Representative Harold Ostertag, R-N.Y., closely questioned Loftis to definitely establish that censorship policy has been taken out of Slyvester's hands. "Are you taking it away from the office of Public Information?" asked Ostertag. "We are taking the declassifi- '. cation function away from that ." office and placing it under the of- ; fice that has responsibility for- security policies," said Loftis. •' "That is right." , '. Still Playing Politic* • Attorney General Robert Ke,ri- '• nedy is still balking at naming ' James Doyle, prominent Madison, ' Wis., attorney, Jo,fill a Ipng-pend- ; ing vacancy on the federal bench. ; Doyle has been endorsed ; by -t;he '. Bar Association and has the vig- ,' orous support' of Wisconsin's two ; Democratic senators and other • party leaders. But Bobby is re- ,' fusing to name Doyle because he ; supported Adlaf Stevenson in 1960. ; When Senator Gaylor Nelson, D- • Wig., cited Doyle's outstanding.' qualifications for the bench, Bobby retorted, "Why should we ap- • point him? He was 100 per cent' for Stevenson, and stayed with '. him to the bitter end . . ." & 1063, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) ". MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSEPH WHITNEY ing us that we need to reckon- with some unpleasant phase of our! personality or life situation, When! we ignore such warnings, we become tense, self-defensive and easily hurt. However, if we regard '. the feeling as an impetus toward: better self-understanding, we can; get a sense of deep satisfaction in tracking down our weak spots. life Kitting too fuat (or grandparents? Answer: Apparently not. Dr. Margaret Mead said recently that the time has come to design a new type of family life in which grandparents will play a more ac- .ive role. She pointed out that grandparents, once considered rel- cs of the past, actually know more about adjusting themselves to today's world of rapid change hnn anybody else. Instead of reminiscing about the past, she Do Inferior feelings vlglilfy Inferiority? Answer; No, everyone exper- said today's grandparents can iences feelings of inferiority at i e 1 p the coming generation of times, and although they are not young people meet the future. pleasant, they are useful In warn- (4J 1863, King Features, Synd.. Inc.) Are sibling* always competitive? Answers Children within the same family are normally com-, petitive unless one child gives up; in defeat. The strongest competi-! tion Is usually between the first and second child, and it is import-, ant that parents prevent discour-. agement by helping each child' find areas In which he can gain' praise arid satisfaction. Discouragement in one field can spread to another, influencing the child to give up trying to do anything useful, and Instead try to hurl others.