BIG YIELDS ... HOW TO EARLY HARVEST OIM-THE-FARM DRYING KM I.-BIG YIELDS The modern, short, tough corn that takes heavy fertilization Sensational DeKalb XL Corn Varieties are made-to-order for the quest toward higher corn yields. In fact, it's such short, tough, responsive hybrids that make intensive cultural practices 'a practical—and profitable—reality. Concentrated breeding gives DeKalb XL's the ability to thrive in narrow rows at high populations' the ability to respond in extra bushels to higher levels of fertility, and the ability to stand and retain ears well for a clean, fast harvest. Want proof? Look to the records of farmers in the DeKalb 200-Bushel Club . . . yields mechanically harvested from measured acre- ages, elevator-weighed and tested, figured as No 2 Corn: In 1965, 96 of the top 100 yields were made with XL Varieties. Average of these top yields was 177.5 bushels. Go with XL—BIG name for BIG yields. "DEKALB" is » Bettered B«nd N.me. "XL" it . V.riel, D. S ign.lion. "The line at many country elevators is ' getting as long as the one at the ball park's pop stand. And it threatens to get longer. Advances in corn growing practices, such as those described at last winter's Corn-Soybean Clinics, have increased yields and grain volume to the point where many elevators are finding it difficult to handle harvest deliveries either quickly or efficiently. A growing number of farmers have found the solution to this problem by side-stepping the elevator line completely with on-the- farm grain drying. Mechanical drying has a lot more advantages than simply avoiding the wait at the elevator. Farmers with bin dryers have found that they can use later maturing hybrids and harvest them at relatively high moisture during the normal harvest period. This greatly reduces the danger of bad weather damage normally associated with late hybrids, and can give them the increase of up to 20 bushels per acre that full-season hybrids often yield over 100-day varieties. In some cases, a 10 to 20 bushel increase can boost profits 25 to 50%. You have to go through most of the motions to plant, control weeds and harvest the crop anyway, so any extra yields can result in substantial profit increases. Then, too, on-the-farm dryers keep field losses at a minimum because they allow owners to harvest corn at 25 to 27% moisture. One owner who is particularly aware of this fact is H. N. P. Small, Letts, Iowa. "With the extra corn I saved in the field, plus the increasing market price of stored corn as the season progresses, I paid for my drying system in no time," says Small. "I wouldn't want to go back to farming without one." Another Iowa farmer who has found the benefits of harvesting early and drying corn in his own system is Dean Van- derHeiden, Wheatland, Iowa. "I can't begin to count the advantages of using a dryer system," he says. "Getting the corn out of the field early helps me harvest all I raise, and I have enough cattle and hogs to use what I grow. The extra corn I gain from early harvest helps reduce my cost of feed. It's just another hidden benefit I've found in using a dryer system." VanderHeiden and Small aren't the only farmers highly satisfied with their grain drying equipment. Many Cornbelt farmers heard and heeded the advice of batch drying experts who appeared at the Corn-Soybean Clinics held throughout the midwest last winter. As G. L Joseph of Behlen Mfg. Co. puts it, "A few years ago, not many farmers considered drying their own grain before selling it. But those who have changed over to this new method are finding more profits than they ever imagined." For the past seven years, the market price of corn has been at its lowest point at harvest time. Then, generally, the price rises from that time until spring, and this price increase for farmers who dry their corn and sell at these later'prime market dates has helped them pay for their drying and storage systems in a hurry. Small adds evidence to that fact: "We found that we can market our corn when the price is right. And our corn always sells for a better market price because it has been dried." Another farmer who makes efficient use of a dryer system is Ned Brown, Galesburg, Illinois. Using both a 6,500 bushel dryer and a 10,000 bushel storage bin, Brown has been able to dry 1,300 to 1,400 bushels of corn per day. "Our previous methods of storing grain were inconvenient, slow, and just didn't fit in with the newer, quicker harvesting methods we're using," Brown relates. "We get our moisture content down to less than 14% for less than 30 a bushel. This is quite a savings over the 100 a bushel we'd have to pay at the elevator, and we don't have to wait in line, either." Another farmer drying corn for 30 a bushel is Don Lull, Sugar Grove, Illinois. His drying and storing facilities have grown to such an extent that they could put some commercial elevators to shame. "Owning a dryer has always made a lot of sense to me," says Lull. "You can start to harvest earlier, and the dryer almost pays for itself simply by saving the amount of grain you would otherwise leave in the field." One common warning is issued by all four of these dryer owners: Improper use of a drying system can eliminate many of a dryer's benefits. For example, many farmers dry their corn to a much lower moisture percentage than needed. This results in very hard kernels, and feeding is almost impossible unless it is first ground or cracked. Secondly, corn dried under extremely high temperatures is often damaged, and commercial buyers won't bid much for corn dried in a bin that's too hot.
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