Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on September 5, 1957 · Page 3
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September 5, 1957

Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Thursday, September 5, 1957
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Editorial— School Problem Very Much in Evidence Now Once a year the problem of our growing school population' comes out of the realm of high prophecy and' becomes a matter of disquieting fact. In its annual survey, the U. S.j Office of Education says America's school and college enrollment will soar this fall to a record 43,135,000 persons. That represents a 4.3 per cent increase over last year, and it means that roughly one out of every four Americans will be in some kind of school, from kindergarten to the professional level. The nation's elementary schools, getting the shock waves of the wartime and postwar baby crops, will have to accommodate about 960.000 more pupils in 1957-58 than in the previous season. Altogether they will handle some 30,670,000. High schools in the United States will have to make room somehow for 604,000 more students than in 1956-57. And the colleges will bulge with an added 206,000. These are actualities. They arej not likely to be questioned by those who sometimes cast doubt on the accuracy of forecasts of future heavy school population. What do the realities of this 195758 season mean? According to the Office of Education, they mean serious shortages of both classrooms and teachers at the lower levels. As for the Times Herald, Carroll, Iowa Thursday, Sept. 5, 1957 Reluctant Challengers for the Balloon Record colleges, so many applicants are in prospect in the years just ahead that a crisis impends. This year they stand in the shadow of that I crisis. 1 Just one illustration might be offered as to what the teacher and classroom shortage spells for students. New Jersey school authorities say that nearly 200,000 public school'pupils will be taught this year by teachers with substandard training. And more than 100,000 will attend classes either half-session or in emergency, substandard schoolroom facilities. In greater or lesser degree, this situation exists all over America. It can hardly be a comfort to the mothers and fathers of children who will thus be short-changed on their schooling — many at the critical formative years. And it cannot bring much happi ness to those lawmakers and other public figures who declare that the school problem is under control and needs only to be let alone. Thoughts And thou ahalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly.—Deuteronomy 27:8. A natural law, without God behind it, is no more than a glove without a hand in it.—Joseph Cook. The Great Missile Hassle: Army Vs. A. F.: Control of IRBC 'Ms j NEA Sen**, >nc Request by Girl, 10, for Bomb Recipe Startles Chief By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) — Secretary of the Army Wilber Brucker was astonished to see a letter from a 10-year-old girl cross his desk asking him politely "for a recipe for a bomb." The request was from Michigan, Brucker's home state, which may have moved him to give the re-; quest his full attention. Her letter frankly admitted,. "Both my mother and father think | I'm crazy in asking for this." j Secretary Brucker was inclined ; to agree with the girl's Darents. j However, his reply gently suggest- j ed that there are "nicer things" j for a 10-year-old girl to play with, | and that she was "really to young" i to be playing with high explosives. ] Whatever else anyone might call • Secretary of State John Foster j Dulles, nobody will ever accuse him of being a "looter." That's the term used for persons who have a habit of bringing tons of gifts and souvenirs back from overseas trips. In spite of the fact he does more international commuting than almost any other U. S. citizen, he never takes time to shop or look for bargains to bring home. This question came up at a recent embassy reception where; somebody asked Mrs. Dulles about all the wonderful things her husband must bring home from his trips. "If he does any shopping abroad, I don't know about it," she said. A new era in diplomatic relations between the U. S. and Spain may be in the offing. Senor Jamie Alba, new counselor just assigned to the Spanish embassy, is said to be one of the best amateur golfers in Europe. Friends are arranging some matches between Alba and Ike. Ike doesn't rate himself a great golfer but he gets a kick out of playing with the great ones. Mrs. Alba is also rated one «of the best female golfers in Spain. If she gets into one of the matches with the President it won't be played at Ike's Burning Tree course. No women are allowed there. They aren't even permitted; in the clubhouse. | In addition to their golfing tal- j ents, the Albas are tops as party i throwers. ! Progress report on planning for \ the visit of England's Queen Eliz- i abeth II here in October: i News that the Queen has put her- 1 self on a rigid diet to try to drop i 10 pounds temporarily put officials in charge of menus for the visit into a flap. At first they decided to change ice cream to lower-calorie sherbet. Then someone pointed out that the reason she was going on a diet was to prepare for all the rich food she would be exposed to during the visit. So they put ice cream back | on the menu. This excerpt from the Congressional Record reveals how tension mounts during the dying days of a > hot session: "Senator Humphrey <D-Minn.): I ask unanimous consent that the article referred to (about the joys of driving in Minnesota) be printed in the body of the Record and invite my colleagues to enjoy this wonderful tour of the north country. "Senator Douglas (D-Ill.): Mr. President, every year the Senator from Minnesota rises and gives a travel talk on behalf of his state. I have never seen any group of people who take so much credit for what the Lord had done for them. "The PRESIDING OFFICER: Without objection, the propaganda of the Senator from Minnesota will be printed in the Record." Reporters attending the first press conference Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson had after he had been out of town for 49 straight days were convinced that he'd been away on a muscle - building program. He stood at the door and greeted every newsman with a handshake powerful enough to crusn black walnuts. "You must have discovered some new supervitamin food, Mr. Secretary," one reporter said, shaking his hand in mock pain. "Just healthy living," the secretary said. but most of the sodium in the other foods. The low-sodium diet is rather complicated to prepare and is not particularly palatable. But a drop in blood pressure often results. This treatment does not answer the entire question of hypertension. But at least the use of "low salt, low sodium" diets is valuable for some. The so-called rice diet is an example. An operation called sympathec­ tomy, in which certain nerves in I the back near the spine are cut, j has also been used. After these | nerves are severed the blood ves- 1 sels expand and are able to carry \ more blood. The blood pressure is! lowered. This form of treatment! has now been in use for selected j patients for a good many years. I The results have been remarkab- i i ly good in many instances. It is j : not suitable for all patients with j hypertension. i In addition to these measures,; there are several drugs which are '; useful. One is the various prepar- | ations obtained from the root of a plant known as Rauwolfia serpen- Bible Comment- Tragedy and Truth By WILLIAM E. GILROY. D. D. | standing in all literature in its in- One of the strange, optimistic tense and concentrated expression facts of life and history—surely a I of the depths of human emotion, reason for faith in God and man— j faith, patriotism, and passion; in is of the. way truth, beauty, and j this case the passionate yearning the finer things of life survive in spite of tragedy and destruction. Whole communities are destroyed, nations are swept away, peoples are decimated in the mass murders, yet. truth and beauty do survive. The ancient adage that "truth crushed to earth shall rise again" is verified as more than an adage or a hope. All this has its most striking example in the experience of the Jewish people known as "the Exile"; the seemingly completely disastrous event when Nebuchad­ nezzar came from Babylon. He I conquered the kingdom of Judah (the only Jewish tribe left, see II j Kings 17, 18', or reconquered it | after a rebellion (II Kings 24:20', Una. In certain kinds of hyperten-, . . , , . ision the results from the use of | f" ^11- this drug seem highly favorable. But like other methods today, it is not the final answer to the prob- | lem of high blood pressure, j One kind of essential hyperten- I sion is known as malignant be- I cause it progresses so rapidly. In this variety the outlook is poor. I Every possible active measure I has to be undertaken. SO THEY SAY I feel that no matter what I write, as long as it is truthful it is not obscene. — Arthur William Bradford Huie, in testimony at trial of Confidential magazine. If Pete Rademacher's an amateur, he's a darned good one. — Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson, after knocking Rademacher out. * DR. JORDAN SAYS * By IDWIN JORDAN, M.D., Written for NEA Service Hypertension/ High Blood Pressure Are One and Some S. L. asks several questions which may serve as an introduction to a most important subject. "Is the word hypertension," she asks, "medical terminology f o r what laymen refer to as high blood pressure? Does it matter what causes the high blood pres- Daily Times Herald Dally Except Sundays and Holiday! ~ The. Herald Publishing Company We regret very much that Gen eral Motors has again demonstrated shortsightedness by its arbi trary rejection of our practical and positive proposal (to cut $100 off price of 1958 cars).—President Walter Reuther of the U n it e d Auto Workers Union. to Babylon, leaving only "the poor of the land," farmers and vine­ dressers (II Kings 25:4-21). What makes this example so striking is the way in which recovery, truth, beauty, and glory became so associated with, and following upon, the seeming disaster. To some of the exiles the blow was unrelieved tragedy, as appears in the 137th Psalm. That Psalm of a few brief verses is out- He (Clark Gable) wouldn't do a thing like that to me (reveals details of their marriage to a Confidential magazine agent). — Mrs. Josephine Dillon, the actor's first wife. Q Is there any point on the earth's surface where the length of day and night is equal throughout the year? A — All points on the equator have days and nights 12 hours long. Q — What is the source of the liquid gas used in rural communities? A — Liquid gas for rural use is a by-product of petroleum. Q — Who was the youngest U.S. president at the time of his inauguration, and who was the oldest upon leaving the White House? The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse represent Conquest, Death, Famine and Slaughter. By 105 West, Fifth Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor gntei'ed as second-class matter at the B oat office -at Carroll, Iowa, under ie act or March 3, 1879. ' sure, that is kidneys, heart or nerves? IS it called high blood pressure regardless of the origin?" The answer to the first question is that hypertension is the same as high blood pressure. It is \ extremely important to know what causes the high blood pressure and where it comes from. The Remember Way Back When for revenge. Other exiles made the best of their settlement in Babylon, and established a Jewish civilization there upon so firm a foundation that it lasted until the eleventh century of our Christian era. Still others, finding expression in hope and faith rather than in visions of revenge, under the leadership of Nehemiah, made their return to Jerusalem and their Palestinian homeland in a glorious march and rebuilding, notable for all that it j brought forth. ! Just all that the Exile brought forth is evident in many of the 1 Psalms, but particularly in the prophets of the Exile and the post- Exilic years, in the newborn vision of the Jews as a blessing for all the earth (see Isaiah 62>. in a quickened sense of righteousness and the glory of religion (see Isaiah SS). As a priest and pastor of the Exiles the Prophet Ezekiel was outstanding. I should not be surprised if some find much of the Book of Ezekiel rather difficult reading. The earlier chapters particularly are difficult in the figures Ezekiel employs of the many-faced, many- winged symbols. • Ezekiel's rich imagination was probably influenced by the Babylonian art and its winged creatures. His fellow exiles understood the intended lessons that Ezekiel sought to impress more readily and easily than a reader of today. I think it may help if one grasps Ezekiels fundamental emphasis. It was twofold. On the one hand was the portrayal and stern denunciation of the waywardness and betrayal of their religious heritage that had brought disaster upon Judah. On the other hand, it was an equally emphatic declaration of God's love and care, and the coming restoration in the way of right and truth. One wonders whether :>ut of the man-made calamities of our time will come some prophet that in the aftermath of tragedy may find the evidences of recovery and make the hope of progress not all an illusion. 85* By DOUGLAS LARSEN ' NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON - (NEA' - At his press conference of May 8, 1957, President Eisenhower made the following statement: "Why would the Army want a 1,500-mile missile itself, because the first requisite of using that kind of weapon is that you have very good observation to find out whether it is doing the job you thought it was? The only way you could find out would be with an Air Force that could penetrate at least 1,500 miles into the enemy territory; and that puts you right square into the big Air Force business." Coming from the Commander- in-Chief this would appear to be the final word in support of outgoing Defense Secretary Charles Wilson's order limiting the Army to the operation of missiles with ranges of not more than 200 miles. That order is the key to the big feud over guided missiles between the Air Force and Army, which incoming Secretary Neil McElroy will have to referee. Not Settled Ike's statement has not settled ( the matter. The Army feels it has reason to be enthusiastic over its rapid progress toward an operational Jupiter IRBM. Until President Eisenhower's pro-Air Force statement, the Army felt it was making headway in its claim to be the service best qualified to use the IRBM. And both Air Force and Army- missilemen feel that if it is possible to fly a plane over the target for observation, then it's possible to use the same flight, or another, to deliver the bomb—and it would j be unnecessary to send a missile to do the job. Believe Planes Obsolete But in their view aircraft are obsolescent or obsolete, whether for observation or bombing: and they believe the missile will have to take over both jobs. A "space platform" would be the ideal observation post. Missile ot space platform reconnaissance would be supplemented by intelligence agents and other G-2 methods. But the Army concedes it must make many improvements in battlefield reconnaissance and target acquisition. The most profitable target for the IRBM will be the fixed target, such as a transportation center, a manufacturing complex or a fortified or strategically important city. It is doubtful an enemy uould for long risk large concentrations of troops or supplies in the field. I IRBM firings, whether at fixed i or mobile targets, would be plot- j ted from maps, as artillery fire is ' directed, With the area devasta- 1 mun ications | tion of nuclear warheads, there j would be less need for pin-point ! accuracy. Unique Experience Telemetric instruments* transmitting Information from the missile in flight back to the launching site, would indicate the rocket was on course and reduce the ! need for post-strike observation. One nuclear-armed missile fired on course would equal one target scratched from the list. The Army points to its unique experience in missile support activities. Army Engineers have been busy for years mapping much of the free world. How ARMY'S BIG FOUR missiles (left to right): Honest John; Corporal; Redstone. The unanswered question: How far? Niket RETIRING Defense Wilson: Not more miles, much mapping of the Soviet Union has been done by either the Army or Air Force is a matter of conjecture for the public. Army Engineers would also build the ports, airfields, roads, bridges and rail lines to support employment of the IRBM: and provide liquid oxygen to help I power the missile. | The Signal Corps would supply' wire, radio and television com- and fire direction systems. The Quartermaster Corps would furnish liquid fuel for the missile, and protective clothing for the missilemen. Main Job And the Army would have the main job in taking or holding ground from which the IRBM would be launched — or so goes the Army argument. One side-issue to the Army-Air Force missile controversy has received little attention so far—but it may give the new Defense Secretary the most trouble of all. It revolves around the methods the two services use in developing AIR FORCE 3-stage missile waits for. blast-away Impulse* Its job: To send back flight Information and building missiles. The Air Force relies on private industry — the large aircraft companies. The Army uses a combi- | nation of private industry and its I own Ordnance Arsenals which for ' many years have developed most Army weapons and equipment. Air Force spokesmen say that research and development of missiles flourish best in the fijee, competitive atmosphere of private industry. The Army feels that missiles use almost all the skills and experience accumulated in its arsenals in ballistics, metallurgy, precision work, propellents,- warheads, electronics, fuses, hydraulics and fire control, among many other fields of science and technology. Next: ers? Can missiles kMl bomb- (Huik. mihtt Women Too Busy to Waste Time on Telephone Talks hp I i Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for republics-, tion of all the local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates * f tun By carrier boy^Uvery^per week f Carroll, Adjoining Counties p«r year —-• Carroll, Adjoining Counties, per month , . S lsewhare in towa, year. Isewhere In Iowa, monti -•10.00 Jutslde lows, year. Juislie tows, mom symptom is called .high blood pressure, regardless of origin'. High blood pressure cannot be considered as a single specific disease. There are several varieties. The outlook varies from person to person, and the management for each individual must be chosen with great care. In some cases the origin can be pretty well identified. In ..others the cause cannot be traced or is not known. This largest group of all is commonly known as essential hypertension. Even in essential hypertension, however r treatment offers a good deal of assistance. For example, some patients have been given a diet from, which not only the sodi- WvilMt«iii»4.io itlt la removed. Nineteen Thirty-Two— Miss Mabel Stevens was hostess to | few friends at a slumber party overnight Monday at her home on North Crawford Street. Those pres- i ent were Beulah Callaway, Winita Goodwin, Lillian Nelson, and Lola Baker. Nineteen Thirty-Two— , Miss Nadine McCluhg, Instructor in home economics at the high school, arrived this morning from her home at Garden Grove to assume her duties for the school year. She was delayed by the illness of her mother., Nineteen Thirty-Two— Given ideal weather, a crowd of j approximately 10,000 people yesterday thoroughly enjoyed themselves at Graham field and the city park on the occasion of the first annual Community Picnic and Calf and Colt Show, Nineteen Thirty -Two— In celebration of the birthday of Miss lone Tryon, 20 of her friends gathered at her home on North Carroll Street last evening. The affair was a happy surprise as the guests, arrived during Miss Tryon 's' leisurely absence. < "Women don't have any telephone manners any more," complains a reader. She says she used to be able to call up a friend and feel that the 1 call was received with pleasure. She could have a nice telephone visit and thereby brighten her own stay-at-home day. But it's not like that any more, she says. All she meets with these days when she dials a friend's number is impatience, hurry and excuses for having to cut the talk short. "One friend says she wishes she had time to chat but she was just getting ready to leave the house to go marketing; Another claims she is watching her favorite TV show and can't bear to mjss it. Another has cookies in the oven she must keep her eye on. The number of excuses for not visiting on the telephone is endless," And she asks plaintively, "What has happened to woman'that they don't have time to chat with a friend?" Most of them are probably just too busy for long telephone conversations. Life no longer moves at a pace, even- for women who are full-time homemakers. Saves Labor So for many of them the tele phone in the home is like a telephone in an office—a labor-saving device. It is no longer a device for killing time by gossiping with first one | friend and then another. • And the friend who is known to' be a long-winded talker on the tele- j phone is avoided sometimes — as the reader points out — even to; the point of rudeness. j It's rude to tell a friend you! haven't time to talk to her because j you can't miss a TV program. And it's rude to be so abrupt or j sound so harried that a telephone; caller feels like an unwelcome guest. But today many a housewife is as busy as an executive and be-! comes impatient with unnecessary interruptions. All I can suggest is that the caller tailor her conversations to the times. Make them brief and to the point. If she will dc Mist, she will no doubt find that she is no longer greeted with excuses when she dials a number. Ike Continues Patience On Integration BV JAMES MARLOW j Associated Press News Analyst ! WASHINGTON W — President | Eisenhower has been something i less than vigorous in supporting j federal judges who ordered pub- i lie school integration in the South ' and then ran into opposition. Pa-! tience has been his motto. j Patience, in fact, has been one I of his most persistent policies to- j ward problems at home and ! abroad. He's been using it for all ] it's worth toward the problems arising from attempts at integra- ! tion. I Eisenhower, who carefully ' avoids. saying anything to offend | Southerners, except for criticizing "extremists on both sides," has never yet said publicly he approves the Supreme' Court's ban on public school segregation. Unknown of History "1 am for moderation," he has said, "but I am for progress." And there has been progress toward integration. Whether there would be much more if he spoke out forcefully for integration is so far one of the unknowns of history. He used his patience again Tuesday when Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus blocked a federal court order to integrate Little Rock's Central High School by ringing it with National Guardsmen. Faubus denied he was defying i the court and said he called out the troops to keep peace and order. But he also said his action could possibly develop into a "Southwide test." $ But the school board — which had been ordered by Federal Dist, Judge Ronald N. Davies to integrate the school—interpreted Faubus's use of troops as an effort to prevent integration and ordered would-be Negro .students..to stay away. ; Only a week ego Faubus had asked a state judge to prevent integration at Central High. Eisenhower wts asked about all. j this at his news conference Tuesday. He said the Justice Department, was investigating and "the next decision will have to be by the lawyers and jurists." Avoids Involvement Thus Eisenhower once again avoided becoming personally involved although this may have been cold comfort for Judge Davies, who had to stand by and see his integration order stymied. But the judge appeared capable of standing on his own two feet. Since the school board, because of the troops, had stopped integration it faced the possibility of being found in contempt of the court's order to integrate. So the board appealed to the judge Tuesday night. The judge I promptly called the governor's | i hand—by ordering the board to go I j ahead and register the Negroes. J This left the next move up to' the governor who now, if the, ; troops in any way prevented Ne-! ' gro registration, could find him-1 ' self in defiance of the federal gov- 1 ; ernment and possibly in contempt, j of court. ! What would Eisenhower do in a: lease like that? He wasn't asked; | about it Tuesday. But a year ago j | he went as far as he has ever \ gone in explaining what he would I do if a court were defied. , Problem Not Faced | He didn't actually explain what apparently was successful. Negroes weren't able to register then and now, a year later, none is registered at the school. Eisenhower has said the Supreme Court's word is law and " he 's bound to uphold the law. But when asked that same day. Sept. 5 a year ago, if he endorsed the court's antisegregation ruling, Eisenhower said, "I think it makes no difference whether or not I endorse it." He said he must uphold the Constitution. he'd do. He simply said U.S. | parents, Mr. and marshals could serve warrants, j North and with Mr But how the marshals could serve a governor surrounded by troops —or force him to appear in court —is a problem Eisenhower hasn't had to face yet. Just a year ago the then Texas governor, Allan Shivers, used Texas Rangers at a school in Mansfield, Tex., where mobs, protesting a court order for integration there, assembled to keep Negroes away. Asked about the problem at his news conference on Sept. 5, 1956, Eisenhower said in part: "Until states show their inability or their refusal to grapple with this question (mob action that prevents integration* properly, which they haven't yet , . , we'd better be very careful about moving in and expercising police powers" TJae mob aotiea Mrs. L. Crane of Vail Returns from Portage, Wisconsin (Time* Herald New» Service) VAIL — Mrs. Les Crane returned home after a week's visit with her son and daughter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. William Crane, at Portage, Wis. Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Brown and son, Joe, of Omaha visited Mrs. Brown's mother, Mrs. John O'Boyle. Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Fitisim- mons have moved into the Yanky residence. Mr. and Mrs. Joe Cuddy of Westside will move into the home vacated by the Fitzsim* mons, which they recently purchased. David Abbott of Boone spent the past week here with his grand- Mrs. Ttacy and .Mrs. Roy Abbott and other relatives. Mr. and Mrs. William Oater- lund and daughter of Council Bluffs visited here with Mr- .audi Mrs. Frank Murtaugh. Kathy Osterlund, who had been visiting here returned home with her par* ents. Mr. and Mrs, John Kock visit* ed Monday in Sioux City. Mr. and Mrs. Leo Luft and sons spent Sunday with Mrs. LufV* brother-in-law and sister, Mr. and Mrs. Leo Rollng, and family of Early. • Gene Kenney of Iowa City spent the weekend in the parental J. f. Kenney home, * is visiting with hi* gtvmMmm Mr. wd

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