Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on September 3, 1957 · Page 13
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 13

Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, September 3, 1957
Page 13
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Editorial-* """" ' : in ••• 'inia Salute to a Great Plane Which Served Nation Well The plane bears the quite ordi- tlmw Herald, Carroll, low* 0 nary designation of DC-S. But it is Tuesday, Sept. 3, 195? ^ perhaps the most extraordinary! , . '. ... ' . "~ commercial aircraft, that ever took' A transport workhorse ' " ™ to the skies. most every conceivable wartime Today there are only about 270 Job. It freighted millions of tons DC-3's in regular operation on 22jof war supplies, carried para- scheduled airlines around thej troops over battle tones, bore the country, mostly feeder routes, j wounded back to base, and so on. But once there were thousands j Overloaded C-47's somehow strug- flying all over the world, and al-|gled into the air. Others, shot up together company the built Douglas 11,000 of Aircraft them. Soon there will be none, for Congress has approved financial aid to small airlines to enable them to replace the DC-3 with more modern ships. But when the DC-3 began service with major airlines in 1933, it was quickly recognized as the and with motors failing, miraculously goj. back to ground safely. After the war, however, the a^ vance of aviation into bigger, faster, more powerful planes finally outdistanced the little two- engined ship that carried just 21 passengers and sat down on its tail rest at a sharp angle. But as the DC-3 goes into the sleekest, 'most serviceable and!last chapters of its long service, most economical commercial Americans are not likely to for- craft of its time. In five years it get its stalwart, steady perform- represented 90 per cent of the na-1 ance both in war and in peace, tion's commercial fleet, and for- Commercial aviation really came eign lines tensively. also were using it ex- of age with the DC-3. And no one can really measure the lift it I Said If You Won't Disarm, We Won't Either" In World War II a military ver-j gave the AlFied cause in sion known as the C-47 earned War II. It has earned the title, "Jeep of the skies." niche in flying history. World a firm Air-to-Air Nuclear Rocket Tops Varied A-Bomb Fare By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON - (NEA)—The live atomic they've been "Nevada for months has bomb test putting on the past show out in several been extraordinary. They've exploded big A-bombs, medium-sized ones and peewees. They've touched 'em off under the ground, on the ground, on steel towers, from balloons and in air-to-air rockets. Soldiers, Marines, civil defense workers and visiting firemen have | ing enemy, squatted in foxholes and trenches) Some of the at various distances from the big | weapons which ly for use in air defense. This test firing is designed to collect certain important weapons' effects data on a known warhead at a stated distance. This test will also supply information for integration of future weapons into an effective air defense system." This test's bigger importance, some experts claim, is the fact that it was the first A-bomb detonated by the U.S. which has sole and exclusive use as a defensive weapon against an attack- DISARMAMENT Beginning; The Perspective on The Great Missile Hassle fiy DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) - Six weeks of probing around America's top-most secret produce credible evidence, that this country has not been effectively outdistanced by the Russians in the race for the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. In an effort to learn just how we stand in missile warfare a team of reporters has assembled all basic information which can be cleared for publication by Defense Department sources. If is reassuring — if you can be reassured to believe that your side is just as well equipped to wipe out the other fellow as he is to wipe out us. It. reveals, however, certain conflicts of authority and uncertainty in direction which must constitute the No. 1 problem of the incoming Secretary of Defense. Neil Mc.El- roy. The Russian announcement last, week that they had already tested an intercontinental ballistic TEST PATH for long-range missiles Is this 5,000-mile stretch. The speed Is out of this world: An ICBM fired from Cocoa, Fia., would reach the Ascension. Islands about 20 minutes later. Unending See-Saw Then will come the counter tinning high priority must be giv- to; en to assuring the U. S. an early the anti-missile missile, and then : operational capability in interme- the defense against that, in thejdiate missiles. The Army points unending see-saw between offense i out that even the huge IRBM can and defense that has prevailed! be transported by air, along with throughout the history of warfare. I its servicing equipment IRBMs The ICBM would deliver a hy-jcould thus be airlifted to the for...... . • (dr °g en bomb equivalent, to mil-: ward bases we have constructed guarded of military projects—this j lions of tons of TNT. It would be j around the periphery of the Soviet reporter is convinced that: | able to raze cities like Washing- Union anrf lannntuut t**~ «,„,.- *» It will take the Russians years ton, London and Paris — or Mos- missile is certainly not going to lower this priority. Heavily Guarded On the basis of what has been learned — and one must, remember that this is the most heavily- years to acquire missiles they can real- booms, suffering less damage than they probably experienced at the gambling parlors in nearby Las Vegas. Six Air Force officers stood directly under one blast without being injured from the blast or fallout.— Atomic weapon experts in the Pentagon say that the real signi- tested would tactical atomic the Army has seem to .be primarily defensive -in character. But one of the great fears of Europeans, for example, is that even a ground atomic war on that continent would find cities wrecked and civilians killed by U.S. tactical atomic weapons. Fear of the propaganda reverberations was one of the reasons ficance of this series of tests is j tactical atomic weapons were not the demonstration of the versatili-1 used during the Korean fighting, ty of A-weapons which the U. S. p ropa g an( j a cou \d pos . sibly result from the use of an air-to-air rocket with nuclear warhead. Its only use is to shoot enemy bombers or fighters out of now has in its arsenal. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission experts like to think that the series reveals just how far the country's nuclear scientists have j the sky. progressed in the control and And • as the Las Vegas test dem- handling of atomic detonations. onstrated so dramatically, even With the exception of the one j persons standing directly under device which failed to explode j such a blast would not be hurt by because of a power failure in the | blast or fall-out. There is an ad- becoming ill just because of emotions.—F. M. C. A—There has always been some radioactive fallout from cosmic rays. But there is no reason to believe that either those rays or increased radioactive fallout from explosion of nuclear material is directly responsible for mental illness. Q—Can you please let me know what is synovitis of the knees?— Mrs. K. A—The sy no vial membrane 'from which synovitis gets its name) is a delicate tissue lying in and around the movable joints. It can become inflamed for a number of reasons. These include injury, direct infection by germs and more obscure disorders such as fheumatoid arthritis. Its significance, treatment and probability of cure, therefore, depend on many individual factors. • Q—Please tell me what tend of doctor should be consulted about removing a tattoo?—Mrs. M. J. A—If your own doctor does not know of a reliable place to have this done, a skin specialist probably would. Feeling of Being Different Jars a Child's Foundations trigger mechanism, the have been able to predict the yields and effects of each blast more accurately than ever- before. This is one of the best measures of the scientists' atomic know-how. From this dazzling array of blast or scientists ditional, secret capability of such atomic accomplishments, h o w- eyer, U1S. experts concerned with disarmament and world opinion select the atomic shot of July 19 as the most significant of the tests. This was the blast which packaged in a rocket and from a fighter plane at a point in space. Six officers-stood beneath the boom. a rocket which will cause it to detonate harmlessly in the air in case it misses the target. The latter possibility isn't likely because all such a rocket has to do is explode near a bomber, or formation, to do extensive damage. Gen. Atkinson-adds: "The introduction of weapons in our air defense.'means that we can now create the same type of destruction on an attack- was j ing force as that which it may be fired trying to inflict on our country. We want our people to understand that we are using such weapons only to prevent the en- Veteran Stunt Pilot to Perform Sept. 8 in Jefferson's Air Show JEFFERSON - Ray Henry, veteran air show stunt pilot, has been added to the big air show, honoring Iowa's best known stunt pilot, Maj. Arthur Davis, which will be held Sunday Sept. 8 at the Municipal Airport. Henry is well known in the Midwest as he appeared in most of the large air events during the last, 15 years. He atomic I * ias °P era t e d his own air show for ?.:_. several years and air show officials consider themselves fortunate in securing his services. He will fly a specially built 450 Wasp Stearman, which he has recently converted to a stunt ship. Several different types of military aircraft will be seen in action, Just before this test Lt. Gen. j emy from dropping similar weap- J. H. Atkinson, commander of the j ons on us. The very fact that we Air Defense Command, made this comment: "This filing will signal the first time in aviation history that a live including fast jet fighters. A new ticket selling arrange- now have atomic ca^pabUity'Tn our i ment has been worked out with 30 air defense is a forceful deterrent ticket sellers on har "d when the '(Mrs. Muriel Lawrence Is on vacation. In her absence, noted psychiatrist Eric Fromm discusses six frequently asked questions on child-parent relationships. His answers are condensed from his book, "Man for Himself," published by Rinehart and Co.) Q. What makes a child feel he is "disappointing" his parents? A. One particularly subtle form which the feeling of disappointing the parents frequently takes is caused by the. feeling of being different. Dominating parents want their children to be like them in tem- perment and character. The choleric father, for instance, is out of sympathy with a phlegmatic son; the father interested in practical achievements is disappointed in a son interested in ideas and theoretical inquiry, and vice versa. If the father's attitude is proprietary, he interprets the son's difference from him as inferiority; the son feels guilty and inferior because of his being different and he tries to make himself into the kind of person his father wants him to be; but he succeeds only in crippling his own growth and in becoming a very imperfect replica of his father. Since he believes he ought to be like his father, this failure gives him a guilty conscience. The son, in attempting to free himself from these notions of obligation and to become "himself," is frequently so heavily weighed down by a burden of guilt over this "crime" that he falls by the wayside before ever reaching his goal of freedom. The burden is so heavy because he has to cope not only with his parents, with their disappointment, accusations and appeals, but also with the whole culture which expects children to "love" their parents. The foregoing description, though, fitting the authoritarian family, may not seem to be correct as far as the contemporary American, especially the urban, family is concerned. But the picture I have given holds true, nevertheless; in its essential points. Instead of overt we find anonymous authority expressed in terms of emotionally highly charged expectations instead of explicit commands. Moreover, the parents do not feel themselves to be authorities, but nevertheless they are the representatives of the anonymous authority'of the market, and they expect the children to live up to standards to which both — the parents and the children—submit, ly use — not merely test one somewhere in the wilds of Siberia. Our own tests may be just about as .impressive. It is likely that, our own test firings have extended 2,000-3,500 miles. By the same to ken the Russian "propaganda rocket," of last week may have carried no further. Despite the inter-service hass ling over who's to build which rocket, our scientists and soldiers have made impressive progress toward the so - called "ultimate weapon." Already it has been necessary to extend the test range from Florida far, down over the equator into the Srtuth Atlantic. Missile Killers The possibility of creating a system to knock down enemy mis- to war.' It is believed gates open at 10:00 a.m. Spectat- that this reason- Q — What Spanish town lies entirely inside France and how did this happen? A — The boundary between France and Spain follows the main crestline of the Pyrenees Moun- U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing? A—About 3,300,000. Estimated annual production of mushrooms in the United States is 62,000,000 pounds. NEW Defense Secretary McElroy: Has a problem. siles before they could reach our cities is not — as was believed until recently — impossible. It is now believed possible to build missile killers, keyed to an impenetrable radar warning barrier. We are therefore making substantial progress toward . . . Getting our own rocket capable of destroying Moscow . . . And toward a system of defense against whatever it is that! cow and Peiping. A direct hit wouldn't be necessary. It will travel about four miles a second, fast enough to leave New York and arrive over San Francisco about 12 minutes later. Most of its flight path will be literally "out of this world," far above the earth's atmosphere. It requires no flight crew. Piloting' is performed on the ground before launching. It is immune to conventional counter-measures. Nearly Perfect Weapon These attributes make it an almost-perfect weapon for an aggressor to launch a sneak attack like Pearl Harbor — only multiplied by a factor of thousands or millions. Development of the ICBM has top priority throughout the U. S. defense establishment. Secretary McElroy will boss. It had equal priority in the Soviet Union. Detailed information' on U. S. and U.S.S.R, progress toward the ICBM is lacking, as would be expected with such "Top Secret" programs. Until last week U. S. authorities had been saying that Soviet attainment of an ICBM by 1960 should not be much more difficult for the Reds than their formidable feat of firing a hydrogen bomb by 1953, less than four years after their first atomic bomb. Russian science and technology are first-rate and would seem to be improving. On the U.S. side, the Air Force is responsible for developing and Union and launched from there to reach the Soviet heartland. NEXT: The missile killer. W. 0. Troxels on a Short Vacation At Lake Superior (Times Herald Newn Bervic«) LANESBORO — Mr. and Mrs, W. 0. Troxel and daughters left Monday for Lake Superior, -where they will have a few days' outing. Mr. arid Mrs. Wilbur Brenner of Holton, Kan., spent the weekend in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Peter. Mr. and Mrs. Steven : Grevice and son, Gary, of Chicago; came Saturday to the home of Mrs. Pearl Guinn for a few days' visit. Mrs. Guinn is .the mother of Mrs. Grevice. Mrs. Ed Hunt and Lois Hunt spent the weekend', in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Harley Stuhr at Omaha. Leon Hendricks and Craig Colvig of Lake City and Judy Garwood and Linda Streeter attended the State Fair in Des Moines_Saturday. They were "on the TV show "Seventeen," shown ; every Saturday night over WOI, Ames. Diane Hutchinson entertained several girl friends at a slumber party Monday night at the home of her parents in honor of her birthday. operating tlje ICBM. It has taken a dual approach to solving the problem, and is developing both the Atlas and Titan missiles. Huge, National Sport The new Secretary of Defense will find that attaining an ICBM "operational capability" will re quire a national effort equivalent or superior to that, expended in achieving the first atomic bomb— on the order of building another Panama Canal. By "operational capability" the Air Force means full production and ability to use —not merely testing of prototypes. The required effort will be lessened by advances already made nuclear weapon has been deliver-ling will be amplified in America's ' ng area . w ' tnout: ar >y delay ors will be able to enter the park- tains - The Spanish village of Lliv- . **^*^- ^v \,iii^» me j-»ai IY \ t tu t *.!_ L. J ed by a fighter aircraft to a tar- j propaganda efforts around get. The rocket was designed sole-1 world with potent force. the * DR. JORDAN SAYS * By EDWIN P. JORDAN, M.D.. Written for NEA Service Mastitis Problem Common to Women in Middle Years quickly after over. Refreshments will be served all day by the sponsoring organization. No parking will be permitted on anc j; ia was left, north of the boundary j s ; by mistake and is entirely surrounded by France. Q — What is a tradition regarding the Holy Kaaba in Mecca? A — The Kaaba is believed to any road surrounding the airport, J be the only remaining relic of the as the roads will be patrolled byjfi rst edifice for the worship of God appointed police officials. All profits to be used to improve the airport. i built by Abraham, Today's first question brings up tumors in the breasts. It a problem common to women in their middle years. Q—Please discuss mastitis. I had a tumor removed and have been Q — What does the abbreviation AWOL stand for? Representative Jeannette Ran- A—Absent without leave. kin (Montana) was the only wom-j Q — Is a blood test a require- an in Congress to vote for women's • ment for marriage in most told that more are likely to develop.—Mrs. V. R. A—This question probably refers to a disorder which is known as chronic cystic mastitis. The cause is not known, but it is characterized by the development of small Daily Times Herald Daily Except Sundays and Holidays By The Herald Publishing Company 105 West Fifth Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W, WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered as second-class matter at the post office .at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1878. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press U entitled exclusively to the use for republics, tlon of all the local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AF <&«• patches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .35 Carroll, Adjoining Counties per year CtorroU, Adjoining Counties, per Bjpnth —" : c* i Blsewhere In tows; v«^..:.,;:-^: 12. elsewhere In Iowa, montfil.^ 1, Oufewe towe, year—---7"' ^5.00 is impossible to tell from external examination whether such tumors are cystic mastitis or cancer. Therefore, surgeons almost invariably recommend their removal. When taken out, a small piece is sent to the laboratory, frozen, cut and examined under the microscope while the patient is still on the operating table. This permits decision on hpw the operation should be further conducted. Chronic cystic mastitis tends -to disappear at the time of the menopause, Q—A friend has been told that his severe symptoms of high blood pressure are probably the result of using a commercial water softener in his home, Does this have any basis in fact?-j. D. A—The use of suffrage. Remember Way Back When states' A — Yes, with the exception of about 10 states. Q — What is the dally number of currency notes made at the Linen is a textile of great antiquity. Some that was manufactured 10,000 years ago has been found in Switzerland. Russia has uncorked behind its propaganda smokescreen, To begin this discussion of tomorrow's galaxy of unmanned aerial weapons, it is first necessary to examine the basic facts of rocketry. Spruce Knob, which rises 4,860'feet above sea level. Winston Churchill is a Knight of the Garter, Britain's oldest order of chivalry. West Virginia has a mean altitude of 1,500 feet, highest of any state east of the Mississippi River. Nevada, in 1910, was the first state to permit its voters to elect members to the U. S. Senate. The Intercontinental Missile, the 5,000-mile rocket with thermonuclear warhead, has often been called the "ultimate weapon." It probably will be — until an anti - missile missile shoots it down. toward the Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (1,500 m i le s range), many of which can be used in the ICBM. The Air Force is developing its IRBM and ICBM simultaneously. But Dr. Wernher von Braun, V-2 rocket developer and now Direc- Ballistic tor of Development Operations at the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Huntsville, Kenneth Quinlan spent last week in Maxwell, visiting with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Fountain of Iowa City brought Mr. and Mrs. Ether Salisbury to t h e i r home Saturday night and remained overnight. Mr. and Mrs. Salisbury spent the "week previous at Iowa City visiting in the Fountain home. Mr. and Mrs. W. 0. T-roxel and daughters and Mrs. Henry Troxel drove to Hampton Sunday to visit in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Charley Walters. Mr. Waiters is a patient at the Hampton hospital and is seriously ill. Mr. and Mrs. Russell Streeter and Mr. and Mrs. Dan Lasher spent the tfeek on an outing in Minnesota, They visited in the home of Mr. Lasher's brother-in- law and sister.' • / Mr. and Mrs. Everett Johnson spent Tuesday at the. rodeo at Sidney. DISCHARGED FROM ARMY (Times Herald News Service) MANNING — Joe Peters, son of Ala believes it Mr " and M F S " John B - Peters - has would be simpler to build the ™™£ J£* releas ® after three t years in the army. He served with UJJ IU t\m naratrnnnorc anA onant 10 IRBM first and then move the more difficult ICBM. The Army also feels that con- the paratroopers, and months in Germany. spent U.S. MISSILE STATUS Always take the precaution t use smoked glass or exposed film when looking at the sun. a commercial water softener is certainly not a recognized cause for hypertension Furthermore, people had blood pressure long before mercial water • softening systems were available, There is no scientific evidence of which I am aware that softened water is a cause of high com- disease. mental illness produced by radioactive fallout? It » u r e J y Nineteen Seven— Charles Ludwig and B. C. Wyant have leased of Frank Florencourt the Carroll opera house. Possession was given last week. Nineteen Seven- Henry Conway's dray team be-, came frightened Monday about 6J p.m. and ran up Main Street at a lively gait. Turning at the school- Here Are Some of Nicer Moments Life Often Gives Some of life's nicer surprises: Meeting a friend you haven't house and entering the alley back seen in years and finding that you of Fred Quinn's the team came to j are as comfortable with each other a stop back of the Cheasebro resi- j as though time and distance had dence where the wagon was upset j never come between. Discovering that a person you had always thought aloof and self- centered is simply shy. Finding that you can do some- and contents spilled over the ground. Nineteen Seven- While many people of the vicinity are not aware of it, Carroll has j thing for which you never thought a small manufacturing concern that is liable to develop into something greater. It is located in the you had the ability or courage. Going to a party because you •'couldn't get out of it" and having basement of the Griffith block andja wonderful time, is managed by E. H. Smith who! Doing something from ? sense of manufactures poultry dust for chickens, hog powder, furniture polish and other articles. Mr.' Smith soon will be joined by B. A. duty and discovering that it actually wasn't much trouble. Deciding to do something about a problem you thought couldn't be Stockings of Audubon, patantee of i licked and discovering the solution, the Ooe-Mmute washing macbuw. 1 ^ g^ ,*««« U Was Easy Tackling a job skeptics assure you can't be done and doing it In spite of their predictions. Finding that after just a few days of "getting away from it all" you are eager to go back to work. Receiving an unexpected compliment at a time when you badly need a lift. Opening a letter expecting bad news—and finding good news instead. Discovering that you don't feel a bit different after passing a birthday you had dreaded because it had been built up in your mind as a depressing milestone. Finding that you have something in common with the stranger you have just met. MS* Where do we stand in the production of a missile arsenal? Here's a quick look at our status. IN OPERATION: Surface-to-surface missiles and thslr range: The Matador and The Regulus—guided, 600 miles; The Corporal—guided, 75 miles. • Surface4o-air missiles and range The Nike — guided, 25 miles; The Terrier — guided, 10 miles. Air-to-surf ace: The Petrel — guided. Air-to-air: The Falcon and The Sparrow—both guided; The Ding- Dong and The Sidewinder—both guided. IN PRODUCTION: Surface'to-surface: The Snark —guided, 5,000 miles; The Redstone—ballistic, 200 miles; The Sergeant—guided. 200 miles; The Little John—ballistic, 20 miles. Surface-to-air (all guided): The Talos—100 miles; The Homarc— 200 nalles; The Nike-Hercules-* SO miles; The Hawk—10 miles. Air-lo-»urface: The Rascal — guided, 100 miles. UNDERGOING TESTS: Surface-to-surface (all ballistic): The Atlas and The Tltan- 5,000 miles; The .Jupiter and The Thor—1,500. miles. Alr-to-wrface: The Bullpup— guided. Air-to-air: New models of the THESE ARE THE FOUR types of U. S. w|cfi<«Mp«l«4. and projected. From left to right: The defensive ntt»J)« 1,500-mile Intermediate Range Ballistic Mi*«U?{ «>* Intercontinental Ballistic MisjUlei 444 & to Uw mooa.

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