Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on September 3, 1957 · Page 3
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September 3, 1957

Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Tuesday, September 3, 1957
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• TO Editorial— Salute to a Great Plane Which Served Nation Well The plane bears the quite ordinary designation of DC-?. But it is perhaps the most extraordinary commercial aircraft that ever took to the skies. Today there are only about 270 j DC-3's in regular operation on 22 scheduled airlines around the country, mostly feeder routes. But once there were thousands flying all over the world, and altogether the Douglas Aircraft eompany built 11,000 of them. Soon there will be none, for Congress has approved financial aid to small airlines to enable them to replace the DC-3 with more modern ships. But when the DC-3 began TimM Herald, Carroll, Iowa Tumday, Sept. 3, 1957 II I Said If You Won't Disarm, W e. Won't Either" A transport workhorse, it did al most every conceivable wartime job. It freighted millions of tons of war supplies, carried paratroops over battle zones, bore the wounded back to base, and so on. Overloaded C-47's somehow struggled into the air. Others, shot up and with motors failing, miraculously got back to ground safely. After the war, however, the advance of aviation into bigger, faster, more powerful planes finally outdistanced the little two- engined ship that carried just 21 serv-1 passengers and sat down on its ice with major airlines in 1933, it was quickly recognized as the sleekest, 'most serviceable and most economical commercial craft of its time. In five years it represented 90 per cent of the nation's commercial fleet, and foreign lines also were using it extensively. In World War II a military version known as the C-47 earned the title, "Jeep of the skies." tail rest at a sharp angle. But as the DC-3 goes into the last chapters of its long, service, Americans are not likely to forget its stalwart, steady performance both in war and in peace. Commercial aviation really came of age with the DC-3. And no one can really measure the lift it gave the Allied cause in World War II. It has earned a firm niche in flying history. Air-to-Air Nuclear Rocket Tops Varied A-Bomb Fare By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON - (NEA)—The live atomic bomb test show they've been putting on out in Nevada for the past several! months has been extraordinary J They've exploded big A-bombs, medium-sized ones and peewees. They've touched 'em off under the ground, on the ground, on steel towers, from balloons and in air-to-air rockets. Soldiers, Marines, civil defense workers and visiting firemen have squatted in (oxholes and trenches at various distances from the big booms, suffering less damage than they probably experienced at the gambling parlors in nearby Las Vegas. Beginning: The Perspective on The Great Missile Hassle By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON - (NEA) - Six weeks of probing around America's top-most secret produce cred -j ible evidence that this country has not been effectively outdistanced by the Russians in the race for the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. In an effort to learn just how we stand in missile warfare a team of reporters has assembled all basic information which can be cleared for publication by Defense Department sources. It is reassuring — if you can be reassured to believe that your side is just as well equipped to wipe out the other fellow as he is to wipe out us. It reveals however, certain conflicts of authority and uncertainty in direction which must constitute the No, 1 problem of the incoming Secretary of Defense. Neil McElroy. The Russian announcement last week that they had already tested an intercontinental ballistic missile is certainly not going to lower this priority. Heavily Guarded On the basis of what has been learned — and one must remember that this is the most heavily- guarded of military projects—this reporter is convinced that: It will take the Russians years to acquire missiles they can really use — not merely test one somewhere in the wilds of Siberia. Our own tests may be just about as impressive. It is likely that our ly for use in air defense. This test firing is designed to collect certain important weapons' effects data on a known warhead at a stated distance. This test will also supply information for integration of future weapons into an effective air defense system." This test's bigger importance, some experts claim, is the fact that it was the first A-bomb detonated by the U.S. which has sole and exclusive use as a de-| tensive weapon against an attacking enemy. Some of the tactical atomic weapons which the Army has tested would seem to be primarily defensive in character. But one of the great fears of Europeans, for example, is that even a Six Air Force officers stood di -j ground atomic war on that conti- recfly under one blast without be-! nent would find cities wrecked ing injured from the blast or fall-: and civilians killed by U.S. tacti- out. ' c al atomic weapons. Atomic weapon experts in thej Fear of the propaganda reverb- Pentagon say that the real signi- i erations was one of the reasons ficance of this series of tests is; tactical atomic weapons were not the demonstration of the versatili-i used during the Korean fighting, ty of A-weapons which the U. S.| No such propaganda could pos becoming ill just because of emotions.—F. M. C. A—There has always been some radioactive fallout from cosmic rays. But there is no reason to believe that either those rays or in-! creased radioactive fallout from j explosion of nuclear material is j directly responsible for mental ill -i ness. Q—Can you please let me know what is synovitis of the knees?— ! Mrs. K. A—The synovial membrane 'from which synovitis gets its name) is a delicate tissue lying in and around the movable joints. It can become inflamed for a number of reasons. These include injury, direct infection by germs and more obscure disorders such as fheumatoid arthritis. Its significance, treatment and probability of cure, therefore, depend on many individual factors. Q—Please tell me what kind of doctor should be consulted about removing a tattoo?—Mrs. M. J. A—If your own doctor does not 7%e fflafole fht&it Feeling of Being Different Jars a Child's Foundations TEST PATH for long-range missiles is this 5,000 -mlle stretch. The speed is out of this world: An 1CBM fired from Cocoa, Fla.» would reach the Ascension. Islands about 20 minutes later. Unending See-Saw „ Then will come the counter to the anti-missile missile, and then the defense against that, in the unending see-saw between offense and defense that has prevailed throughout the history of warfare. The ICBM would deliver a hydrogen bomb equivalent to millions of tons of TNT. It would be able to raze cities like Washington, London and Paris — or Moscow and Peiping. A direct hit wouldn't be necessary. It will travel about four miles a second, fast enough to leave New York and arrive over San Francisco about 12 minutes later. Most tinuing high priority must be given to assuring the U. S. an early operational capability in intermediate missiles. The Army points out that even the huge IRBM can be transported by air, along with its servicing equipment. IRBMs could thus be airlifted to the forward bases we have constructed around the periphery of the Soviet Union and launched from there to reach the Soviet heartland. NEXT: The missile killer. own test firings have extended! of its flight path will be literally ,2,000-3,500 miles. By the same to-("out of this world," far above the ' ken the Russian "propaganda j earth's atmosphere. It requires no rocket" of last week may have flight crew. Piloting is performed carried no further. on the ground before launching. hass- !lt is immune to conventional (Mrs. Muriel Lawrence is on vacation. In her absence, noted psychiatrist Eric Fromm discusses six frequently asked questions on child-parent relationships. His answers are condensed from his book, "Man for Himself," published by Rinehart and Co.) ! Q. What makes a child feel he is "disappointing" his parents? A. One particularly subtle form ! which the feeling of disappointing j the parents frequently takes is caused by the feeling of being dif- I ferent. Dominating parents want their i children to be like them in tem- Despite the inter-service ling over who's to build which rocket, our scientists and soldiers have made impressive progress toward the so - called "ultimate weapon." Already it has been necessary to extend the test range from Florida far down over the 1 like his father, this failure gives j him a guilty conscience. The son, | equator into the South Atlantic, in attempting to free himself from j Missile Killers Veteran Stunt Pilot to Perform Sept. 8 in i Jefferson's Air Show JEFFERSON veteran air show Ray Henry, stunt pilot, has now has in its arsenal. j sibly . result from the use of an: know of a reliable place to have U.S. Atomic Energy Commis- j air-to-air rocket with nuclear war-' this done, a skin specialist prob- sion experts like to think that the I head. Its only use is to shoot en-' ably would. series reveals just how far the! emy bombers or fighters out of \ eountry's nuclear scientists have j the sky. i progressed in the control a n d i And as the Las Vegas test dem- handling of atomic detonations. I onstrated so dramatically, even With the exception of the one j persons standing directly under device which failed to explode j such a blast would not be hurt by because of a power failure in the \ blast or fall-out. There is an ad- j trigger mechanism, the scientists j ditional, secret capability of such! have been able to predict the! a rocket which will cause it to I detonate harmlessly in the air in case it misses the target. The latter possibility isn't likely because all such a rocket has to &^£^ ^^JZ^toS in the Midwest as he ap- | formation, to do extensive dam -j peared jn mQsl Qf the , grge £ Gen. Atkinson, adds: I * vente durfin * , the ,ast 15 J*" 8 - " e "The introduction of |tomlc , has operated hw own air show for i« „.,_ „;„ A„C » several years and air show offi- weapons in our air defense means: I that we can now create the same | type of destruction on an attack! ing force as that which it may be ! trying to inflict on our country. j We want our people to under; stand that we are using such ! weapons only to prevent the en- j : emy from dropping similar weap- j ; ons on us. The very fact that we • j now have atomic capability in our i i air defense is a forceful deterrent, perment and character. The choleric father, for instance, is out of sympathy with a phlegmatic son; the father interested in practical achievements is disappointed in a son interested in ideas and theoretical inquiry, and vice versa. If the father's attitude is proprietary, he interprets the son's difference from him as inferiority; the son feels guilty and inferior because of his being different these notions of obligation and to j become "himself," is frequently so heavily weighed down by a burden of guilt over this "crime" that he falls by the wayside before ever reaching his goal of freedom. The burden is so heavy because he has to cope not only with his | parents, with their disappoint\ ment, accusations and appeals, | but also with the whole culture ! which expects children to "love" i their parents. I The foregoing description, J though The possibility of creating a svstem to knock down enemy mis- yields and effects of each blast more accurately than ever« before. This is one of the best measures of the scientists' atomic know-how. From this dazzling array of atomic accomplishments, however, ITS. experts concerned with disarmament and world opinion select the atomic shot of July 19 as the most significant of the tests. This was the blast which was packaged in a rocket and fired from a fighter plane at a point in space. Six officers.stood beneath the boom. Just before this test Lt. Gen. J. H. Atkinson, commander of the Air Defense Command, made this been added to the big air show,! a« d n * Mes to make himself into honoring Iowa's best known stunt i tn e kind of person his father wants pilot, Maj. Arthur Davis, which i him to be; but he succeeds only in will be held Sunday Sept. 8 at the | crippling his own growth and in j. Municipal Airport. Henry is well becoming a very imperfect replica of his father. Since he believes he ought to be fitting the authoritarian family, may not seem to be correct as far as the contemporary American, especially the urban, family is concerned. But the picture I have given holds true, nevertheless, in its essential points. Instead of overt we find anonymous authority expressed in terms of emotionally highly charged expectations instead of explicit commands. Moreover, the parents do not feel themselves to be authori- NEW Defense Secretary McElroy: Has a problem. siles before they could reach our ties, but nevertheless they are the,; cjties is not _ as was believed un- representatives of the anonymous ' authority of the market, and they expect the children to live up to standards to which both — the parents and the children—submit. comment: "This firing will signal the first j to war." time in aviation history that a live \ It is believed that this reason- nuclear weapon has been deliver- i ing will be amplified in America's ed by a fighter aircraft to a tar- j propaganda efforts around the get. The rocket was designed sole-'world with potent force. • DR. JORDAN SAYS * By IDWIN P. JORDAN, M.D., Written for NEA Service Mastitis Problem Common to Women in Middle Years cials consider themselves fortunate in securing his services. He will fly a specially built 450 Wasp Stearman, which he has recently converted to a stunt ship. Several different types of military aircraft will be seen in action, including fast jet fighters. j A new ticket selling arrange-! ment has been worked out with 30 j ticket sellers on hand when the 1 gates open at 10:00 a.m. Spectators will be able to enter the parking area without any delay and leave quickly after the show is over. Refreshments will be served all day by the sponsoring organization. No parking will be permitted on any road surrounding the airport, as the roads will be patrolled by appointed police officials. All profits to be used to improve the airport. U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing? A—About 3,300,000. Today's first question brings up a problem common to women in their middle years. Q—Please discuss mastitis. I had a tumor removed and have been told that more are likely to develop.—Mrs. V. R. A—This question probably refers to a disorder which is known as chronic cystic mastitis. The cause is not known, but it Is characterized by the development of small Daily Times Herald Daily Except Sundays and Holidays By The Herald Publishing Company 105 West Fifth Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered aa second-class matter at the 8 oat office .at Carroll, Iowa, under le act of March 3, 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press la entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in th.lt newspaper as well aa all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week I AY MAIL Carroll, Adjoining Counties per year Carroll, Adjoining per month Elsewhere In {own, year-. Elsewhere in Iowa, roontl Counties, 48 .410.00 Outside low&, year- us 12.00 15.00 iw tumors in the breasts. It is impossible to tell from external examination whether such tumors are cystic mastitis or cancer. Therefore, surgeons almost invariably recommend their removal. When taken out, a small piece is sent to the laboratory, frozen, cut and examined under the microscope while the patient is still on the operating table. This permits decision on hpw the operation should be further conducted. Chronic cystic mastitis tends to disappear at the time of the menopause. Q—A friend has been told that his severe symptoms of high blood pressure are probably the result of using a commercial water softener in his home, Does this have any basis In fact?— J. D. A-—The use of a commercial water softener is certainly not a recognized cause tor hypertension, Furthermore, people had high blood pressure long before commercial water - softening systems were available, There is no scientific evidence of which I am aware that softened water is a cause of disease. Q—Is.mental illness produced by radioactive fallout? It surely aotmt odd tk«t M many people are Representative Jeannette Rankin (Montana) was the only wom- _ ' an in Congress to vote for women's ! suffrage. Remember Way Bock When Q — What Spanish town lies entirely inside France and how did this happen? A — The boundary between France and Spain follows the main crestline of the Pyrenees Mountains. The Spanish village of Llivia was left north of the boundary by mistake and is entirely surrounded by France. Q — What Is a tradition regarding the Holy Kaaba in Mecca? A — The Kaaba ia believed to be the only remaining relic of the first edifice for the worship of God built by Abraham. Q — What does the abbreviation AWOL stand for? A—Absent •without leave. Q — Is a blood test a requirement for marriage in most states' A — Yes. with the exception of about 10 states. Q — What is the dally number of currency notes made at the Estimated annual production of mushrooms in the United States is 62,000,000 pounds. Linen is a textile of great antiquity. Some that was manufactured 10,000 years ago has been found in Switzerland. Highest point in West Virginia is Spruce Knob, which rises 4,860 feet above sea level. til recently — impossible. It is now believed possible to build missile killers, keyed to an impenetrable radar warning barrier. We are therefore making substantial progress toward . . . Getting our own rocket capable of destroying Moscow . . . And toward a system of defense against whatever it is that Russia has uncorked behind its propaganda smokescreen, To begin this discussion of tomorrow's galaxy of unmanned aerial weapons, it is first necessary to examine the basic fagts of rocketry. The Intercontinental Ballistic Missile, the 5,000 -mile rocket with thermonuclear warhead, has often been called the "ultimate weap i on \ anti ! down. counter-measures. Nearly Perfect Weapon These attributes make it an al most-perfect weapon for an aggressor to launch a sneak attack like Pearl Harbor — only multiplied by a factor of thousands or millions. Development of the ICBM has top priority throughout the U. S. defense establishment. Secretary McElroy will boss. It had equal priority in the Soviet Union. Detailed information' on U. S. and U.S.S.R. progress toward the ICBM is lacking, as would be expected with such "Top Secret" programs. Until last week U. S.' authorities had been saying that Soviet attainment of an ICBM by 1960 should not be much more difficult for the Reds than their formidable feat of firing a hydrogen bomb by 1953. less than four years after their first atomic bomb. Russian science and technology are first-rate and would seem to be improving. On the U.S. side, the Air Force is responsible for developing and operating the ICBM. It has taken a dual approach to solving the problem, and is developing both the Atlas and Titan missiles. Huge, National Sport The new Secretary of Defense will find that attaining an ICBM "operational capability" will require a national effort equivalent or superior to that expended In j achieving the first atomic bomb- on the order of building another Panama Canal. By "operational capability" the Air Force means full production and ability to use —not merely testing of prototypes. The required effort will be lessened by advances already made toward the Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile U.500 miles range), many of which can be used in the ICBM. The Air Force is developing its IRBM and ICBM simultaneously. But Dr. Wernher von Braun, V -2 rocket developer and now Director of Development Operations at j the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Huntsville, Ala., believes it W. O. Troxels on a Short Vacation At Lake Superior (Times Herald Newt Service) LANESBORO - Mr. and Mrs, W. O. Troxel and daughters left Monday for Lake Superior, where they will have a few days' outing. Mr. and Mrs. Wilbur Brenner of Holton, Kan., spent the weekend in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Peter. Mr. and Mrs. Steven Grevice and son, Gary, of Chicago; came Saturday to the home of Mrs. Pearl Guinn for a few days' visit. Mrs. Guinn is |he mother of Mrs. Grevice. Mrs. Ed Hunt and Lois Hunt spent the weekend in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Harley Stuhr at Omaha. Leon Hendricks and Craig Colvig of Lake City and Judy Gar- I wood and Linda Streeter attended ; the State Fair in Des Moines Sat- j urday. They were on the TV "show "Seventeen," shown every Saturday night over WOI, Ames. Diane Hutchinson entertained several girl friends at a slumber party Monday night at the home of her parents in honor of her birthday. Kenneth Quinlan spent last week in Maxwell, visiting with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Fountain of Iowa City brought Mr. and Mrs. Ether Salisbury to their home Saturday night and remained overnight. Mr. and Mrs. Salisbury' spent the week previous at Iowa City visiting in the Fountain home. Mr. and Mrs. W. O. Troxel and daughters and Mrs. Henry Troxel drove to Hampton Sunday to visit in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Charley Watters. Mr. Watters is a patient at the Hampton hospital and is seriously ill. Mr. and Mrs. Russell Streeter and Mr. and Mrs. Dan Lasher spent the viteek on an outing in Minnesota. They visited in the home of Mr. Lasher's brother-in- law and sister. 1 Mr. and Mrs. Everett Johnson spent Tuesday at the. rodeo at Sidney. would be simpler to build the It probably will be — until an! IRBM first and then move up to - missile missile shoots it;the more difficult ICBM. The Army also feels that con- DISCHARGED FROM ARMY < Times Herald Xew» Service) MANNING — Joe Peters, son of Mr. and Mrs. John B. Peters, has received his release after three years in the army. He served with the paratroopers, and spent 18 months in Germany. Winston Churchill is a Knight of the Garter, Britain's oldest order of chivalry. West Virginia has a mean altitude of 1,500 feet, highest of any state east of the Mississippi River. U.S. MISSILE STATUS Nevada, in 1910. was the first state to permit its voters to elect members to the U. S. Senate. Always take the precaution to use smoked glass or exposed film when looking at the sun. Nineteen Seven- Charles Ludwig and B. C. Wyant have leased of Frank Florencourt the Carroll opera house. Possession was given last week. Nineteen Seven- Henry Conway's dray team became frightened Monday about 6 p.m. and ran up Main Street at a lively gait. Turning at the schoolhouse and entering the alley back of Fred Quinn's the team came to i a stop back of the Cheasebro residence where the wagon was upset and contents spilled over the ground. Nineteen Seven- While many people of the' vicinity are not aware of it, Carroll has a small manufacturing concern that is liable to develop into something greater. It is located in the basement of the Griffith block and is managed by E. H.. Smith who manufactures poultry dust for chickens, hog powder, furniture polish and other articles. Mr.' Smith soon will be joined by B. A Stockings of Audubon, patantee of the Ooa-Mwuto washing machine. Here Are Some of Nicer Moments Life Often Gives Some of life's nicer surprises: Meeting a friend you haven't seen in years and finding that you are as comfortable with each other as though time and distance had never come between. Discovering that a person • you had always thought aloof and self- centered is simply shy. Finding that you can do something for which you never thought you had the ability or courage. Going to a party because you •'couldn't get out of it" and having a wonderful time, Doing something from p sense of duty and discovering that it actually wasn't much trouble. Deciding to do something about a problem you thought couldn't be licked and discovering .the solution. It Was Easy Tackling a job skeptics assure you can't be done and doing it in spite of their predictions. Finding that after just a few days of "getting away from it all" you are eager to go back to work. Receiving an unexpected compliment at a time when you badly need a lift. Opening a letter expecting bad news—and finding good news instead. Discovering that you don't feel a bit different after passing abirth- day you had dreaded because it had been built up in your mind as a depressing milestone. Finding that you have something in common with the stranger you nave just met. <*• WcM* NMnHkt, MCA Seevtee, hu* Where do we stand In the production of a missile arsenal? Here's a quick look at our status. IN OPERATION: Surface-to-surface missiles and their range: The Matador and The Regulus—guided, 600 miles; The Corporal—guided, 75 miles. Surface-to-air missiles and range The Nike — guided. 25 miles; The Terrier — guided. 10 miles. Air-to-su/face: The Petrel — guided. Air-to-air: The Falcon and The Sparrow—both guided; The Ding- Dong and The Sidewinder—both guided. IN PRODUCTION: Surface-to-surface: The Snark —guided, 5,000 miles; The Redstone—ballistic, 200 miles; The Sergeant—guided, 200 miles; The Little John—ballistic, 20 miles. Surface-to-air (all guided): The Talos— 100 miles; The Homarc— 200 miles; The Nike-Hercules— 50 miles; The Hawk— 10 miles. Alr-to-surface: The Rascal — guided, 100 miles. UNDERGOING TESTS: Surface-to-surface (all ballistic): The Atlas and The Titan— 5,000 miles; The Jupiter and The Thor— 1,500 miles. Alr-to-serface: The Bullpup— guided. Air-to-air: New models of the ^elided *•P^riooB aMl Spawow* THESE ARE THE FOUR types of U. 8. missile*— present and projected. From left to right: The defensive missile fdUe/-) iba 1,500 -mile Intermediate Range Ballistic MUsllef Intercontinental Ballistic Missile; and the to MM moon.

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