Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa on March 18, 1965 · Page 18
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Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa · Page 18

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Algona, Iowa
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Thursday, March 18, 1965
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DISCUSSION Gf*aU?»S AftE FtNBlNG SOlUflbN IS N6f EASY Financing public services problem Opposes annual sessions THURSDAY, MARCH 18, 1965 (Pat Gallagher In Belmond Independent) King losing control The problem of when a demonstration is a peaceful protest against alleged unjus- tifiGS and when it becomes a potential mob of provokes another mob will plague the civil rights movement as it is now being conducted. Dr. Martin Luther King, winner of the NObel peace prize, last week led a march in open defiance of a federal court order. Hb admitted it and said the order was unjust and should not be obeyed! That kind of talk is beneath the dignity and intelligence of Dr. King. The Tact is the Selma situation had reached a point where he was no longer a leader bUt had tO become a follower to the more militant desires. TWO OTHER "incidents" arc straws in the wind as to what will probably come if the civil rights demonstrations get out of hand as it appears they will soon. One was the picketing in the White House corridor by a group of. misguided juveniles. It was asinine and stupid and thereby shows a trend in this demonstration business that is cause for alarm. . The other was the picketing of the justice department by another group who were demanding federal intervention 1 in Alabama. They were not subject to reason — just to being as obnoxious as possible in an attempt to get their way. BAD AS THE situation is in Selma, Alabama, this kind of business is worse for this country where justice under law is supposed to exist. True there has been slim justice in Alabama, but for the demonstrators to break laws is as reprehensible as for the outlaws in Selma to do so. This business of demonstrating because people do not like something denotes a breakdown of respect for law and order. It is a potential mob rule with reason thrown out the window and justice just a word to be bandied by the demonstrators whose only idea of justice is the kind they like. PICKETING IN the street In front of the White House in a deliberate attempt to mess up traffic in a rush hour is a form of violence that will breed violence. The demands made on President Johnson were unreasoning and unreasonable. The president properly refused to dignify these demonstrations by recognizing them. The demands for troops in Alabama showed a viciousncss under the mask of non-violence with a revengeful attitude being apparent. THE TIME has come for King and other leaders of the civil rights movement to define their aims and slick to them before they lose all control of the people they hive incited to demonstrations. Negroes in the south have been discriminated against and woefully so. But there has been a real turning away from those old customs and a tacit acceptance of the coming of new standards. This is evident in Mississippi and Arkansas where once troops moved in. But it will do the Negro cause no good tb ihcite violence by deliberate aggravation and by interfering with rights of others. • King and other moderate leaders are losing control. To satisfy the more militant they must go farther than they should or wduld if they had their way. They must regain moderate control or lose leadership to others more inclined to violent action. There is a vast reservoir of prejudice ariiong the other 90 per cent of the people that may erupt if aggravated. So far most people at least go along with the Negro cause — btit this could be changed by unreasonable actions by the Negroes. During the current month.' thousands of lowans meeting in family parlors to study the topic "Financing Our Public Services" have run into some bedrock facts that are impossible to push aside — such as two pills two equals four. Or the more bothersome fact that if an answer larger than four is wanted, something else HAS to be added in. These students of government have reviewed a number of facts, of which all Iowa citizens should be aware. That, for exampje, this state derives its revenue from seven sources: (1) Property tax ($362 million out of a total of $914 million spent on the local and state governmental levels in 1962); consumptive taxes such as the sales use and gas taxes ($183 million): income tax ($46 million); other revenue such as licenses, fees, fines, etc. ($184 million); federal transfers (from our rich uncle — who is US, $108 million): and increase in debt ($21 million). Of course, the cost of virtually everything is going up all the time; so it is more or less taken for granted in the study that more revenue than can be supplied by the normal development of our state economy as prescntlt taxed will be needed. Probably the No. 1 problem is that of educational costs. Property taxes in 1962 supnort- ed education to the tune of $206 million — which was very well over half the total bill of $368 million for education. Without much question, the consensus of the study groups will be that more state aid for education is ah absolute necessity at this point for several reasons. For one, the whipping boy "property" stands in danger, of suffering serious economic harm if over-loaded any further with educational costs. Second, the costs of education continue to rise steadily; so if they are to be met, another revenue source is critically needed. And third, Iowa already lags far behind the nation as a whole in providing state sup- pott to its schools. (Only two states, Nebraska and South Dakota, provide less than Iowa in the per cent of school costs paid from state funds; and Iowa's figure of 10.4 per cent comnares to an average figure of 40.0 per cent for the 50 states.) So-o-o-o . . . Iowa's got a problem. A further increase in property tnx will crack hardest the self- employed persons and farmers, who are already bowed over under the burden they are bearing. The consumptive taxes place a disproportionate burden on families with the lowest incomes. Income tax ostensibly does the best job of distributing the tax burden according to ability to pay; but Uncle Sam is working that horse mighty hard. 11 is about at this point that the study groups bless their good fortune in NOT being legislators — and faced with the unavoidable necessity of dealing directly with this problem of balancing revenue against demanded services. There seem to be very good reasons why none of the present tax sources should be tapped for further cash. But more revenue, there has got to be; for a reduction in services (education, highways, general government, wet- fare, natural resources) Would not be tolerated by us same people who are so adamant against paying more taxes of any sort. To.at least the study group to which your writer has been attached, one answer — at best a partial one — seemed fairly apparent. Without much question the state income tax' does not yield what it should, because the obligation of paying it is simply disregarded ; by too many persons. Although it WOULD add another bookkeeping chore for the businessman, it seems that in the long run he would be well paid for his time and expense if state income tax were put on the withholding basis. Then we would at least get from this source what we legally SHOULD be getting. Beyond that, it's a decision for the legislators to make (guided by their constituents, they hope) as to what existing taxes can be increased with the least distress. Because the income tax DOES place the maximum load on the individual with the maximum wherewithal, a raise there would seem more logical than — for example — any further boost in property tax. At any rate, the people of Iowa have been given an excellent opportunity to acquaint themselves with the problem through the ISU Extension Service's study series. Those who accepted the invitation will be inclined to sympathize with the General Assembly as it's tossed from horn to horn of the taxes- vs.-services dilemma. (Nell Maurer i« LaurSHs §u«) At first glance, the idea ol having annual sessiohs of the Iowa legislature seettis tb be a good one, it would pro-vide quicker reaction to the of the tittles. Further HUH*,. it might be possible to deal With general laws at one session ahd budget problems at the ttext. There are two Ways took at these possible advantages. Sometimes quick reaction isn't best; it is better to take a long look before passing new laws. As for the matter of holding a legislature to specific tasks, this would be impossible. Once in consider whatever bills it may care to bring up. • '.'.•: ••,_• Most important, however, is the fact that it would dme many good men out of the face entirely. It is difficult enough fdf many to devote some 100 days every year to legislative duities, yet they are willing Jo do it from a sense of ttUWlc service. Annual sessions WOUla be too much of a drain 6n their businesses or professions. • , There might be a tendency, therefore, for some men, to make the legislature a full-tinie job. Since it isn't the best fjAy- ing job in the world, it WOUldtt't draw the type of men We need to represent us. Editor Emeritus, W. C. Dewcl. Fairness is forgotten Giving unemployment pay to quitter is "loafer's bill" During the debate on the 1963 Shaff apportionment proposal-the democrats and labor unions were demanding a "one man one vote" theory. Now they are in the saddle in the legislature this tune has changed. This is evidenced by the fact the democrats will not bring out for a vote a constitutional amendment proposal to district, inside .counties where more than one legislator is to be elected. This too despite the high minded statements before the election and in the days before the legislature met about how every bill would get floor consideration and be up for debate! THE REASON FOR the change is very evident. Labor unions in Des Moines, Cedar Rapids, Sioux City, Waterloo, Davenport, and other big concentrations of people can dominate the vote if they vote at large. If those areas were districted the unions would not be able tb elect all of them. In Polk county with the city of Des Moines the entire slate of 11 representatives and three senators were elected at large and are answerable to the union leaders. The same situation exists in other populated counties. Labor can'contrdl the vote at large but not if the county were districted. The sad part is some democrats from rural areas are going along with the union domination merely because of party loyalty instead of loyalty to the rural area which elected them. PERFORMANCE BY the democrats is a far cry indeed from the promises in the campaign and in jthe propaganda prior to the opening of the session. Some of this • can be justified, but nSt 5 the matter of fair representation. The great plea has been for "fair representation" in the campaign over several years to wrest control of the legislature from an unfair rural domination. Now the democrats are in power and dominated by labor union bosses, consideration of the fairness of representation gets no more response from these labor union bosses than fairness did under rural control. They seek to keep a situation where a Polk county voter can vote for 11 repre>- sentatives and three senators — and limit people not in labor dominated cities to vote for only one senator and one representative. How about having some "fair representation" for the rest of the state — and for the thousands of people who are not union members in the cities? (J. B. Anderson in Britt News-Tribune) A bill termed a "loafers bill" slipped through the Iowa House of Representatives last week but our Representative Victor Stueland should be commended for voting against it. The bill is an amendment to the law on unemployment corn- realize, is that the compensation is paid out of a tax on employers based on the total amount of payroll per year. Employers pay up to 2.7% per year to the state on their payroll total. If they have a low rate of dismissals, this drops accordingly since they build up a deposit credit over a period of 12 quarters. ) i (For instance the News-Trib- Checks and balances (Pocahontas Democrat) We read about a fellow in North Dakota who believed all right that "this government of ours is truly a system of checks and balances." He knew, for example, that there was such a thing as relief checks, ADC (aid to dependent children) checks, MAA (medical (aid to the blind) checks, AD (aid (ai dto the blind) checks, AD (aid Approve People who listened to their radios on that Dec. 11, 1936, evening and heard the then Kind Edward renounce his throne "for the woman 1 love" will approve of Queen Elizabeth finally lifting the pox on Edward and the Duchess of Windsor. Times have changed. The Windsors have lived with dignity, and have done nothing to bring disrepute on them or on England. It is time to forgive and forget, It was not one of England's finest hours on either side of that unhappy episode. tion is depleted every year by the best educated young people moving from the state because there is no opportunity here. They take their tax-paying power elsewhere, and the lowans left must pay higher taxes because they leave us. If we promote industry we have more taxable property. If we discourage it we must boost and boost taxes on what we have until we drive it too out of the state. If labor unions can't sell on the merits of union membership then labor should not be permitted to force it by law. pensation for workers who are un'e pays ..01%. since we have to the disabled) checks, allot„..* v.t „ ^K Af tho nrospnt 'few^claims' : against diir ac- 1 ' ment checks, O.A.A. (old age assistance) checks, war service bonus checks, social security checks, unemployment checks, VA (veterans administration) checks and government farm program checks. He figured that pretty much took care of the checks. The thing that confused him was that he couldn't figure out where the "balances" could be found. We could tell him—but I'm sure he can figure it out for himself. They come from federal income tax, social security tax, state income tax, federal and state gas tax, inheritance tax, cigarette tax, state and federal liquor tax, road use tax, motor vehicle use tax, excise tax, sales tax, property tax, auto license, dog license, marriage license, governmental fees, fines and forfeitures — and if that isn't enough, first we go off the gold standard, then the silver standard, then just keep the government printing presses going to produce more "demand notes' backed up only by faith. out of a job. At the present time, they can claim unemployment compensation if they are dismissed from their job for reasons attributed to the employer, For instance, if a worker is dismissed because of lack of work in a plant and is unemployed for several weeks. The bill which passed the House makes it possible now for a worker to quit and after five weeks collect the unemployment pay. The original law was designed to help a worker who was out of a job, not be- causp he didn't want to work, but because there was no work to be had. Even under these circumstances, it was often hard for an employer to prove that the workers leaving was not of the employer's making. No employer argues about the compensation, if he has had to lay off workers due to lack of work. What many people do not .count with the state commission.) We don't think an employer should be penalized by having to pay benefits to a person who does not want to work and quits ohi his own volition. We hope the General Assembly will look at this bill in a new light and reject it. Some corcufstances, where a worker quits his job, comes more under the "welfare" category and should be paid out of welfare funds rather than being paid by a tax on a minority group. We hope this is not an indication of how the new Democratic controlled legislature is going to transfer some welfare costs to private concerns so as to cut down on the drain of general fund welfare .costs. This is a discreet or "hidden" way to raise more funds without making it a general tax increase. Firing of Dennler as milk inspector smells to heaven (Jackson Baty in Press) Respect Fraud The so-called "revision" of the "right to work" law as proposed last week in the Iowa house of representatives is a fraud and the legislators know it. By requiring the union shop the ideal of a nian having a choice of belonging or not belonging is lost. What is the real difference between requiring a man to be a union member before getting a job or requiring him to join within 30 days after getting a job? The plea this is "revision" is ridiculous. It is repeal of the right to work law by delayed action. The worker is fOrced to join the union. Governor Hughes has been less than frank in his "explanation" this is just a "revision" and will not have any effect on business coming into Iowa. Businessmen are not fooled by these weasel words. They know what a 30-day period means — union shop and no right to work without being unionized. Iowa desperately needs industry. Iowa BOW is educating its children to go else- to fiud opportunity. Iowa's popula- Public Safety Commissioner William Sueppel is advocating lowering Iowa's speed limit from 70 miles on primary highways to 60 miles per hour. Mr. Sueppel is dedicated to the idea of bringing safety to the highways, but the factor of speed is not the only answer, and §onie studies indicate it is not a major factor at all. lowans generally approve of the 70- mile limit — but would probably take a dim view of the 60-mile limit. This would lead to disrespect for the law. A reasonable law will be respected — but one that is unreasonable will be like the so-called Volsted prohibition law of unlamented memory. Popular support is needed for any law. Scrapping between Russia and China has reached a new point where Chinese demonstrators in Russia were beaten up by Russian police. Pravda calls for punishment for the Chinese "Hooligans". It is odd the demonstration was against the United States, and the Russians had troops on hand to guard the U. S. embassy. The Chinese rioters attacked the police. The fact this could happen in Russia is an indication all is farm from well between Russia and China. o'bvious — firing of Richard Dennler of LeMars, a state sanitarian for the past 18 years, smells to high heaven. Dennler was replaced by Nicholas Coad, a LeMars farmer, on orders of Kenneth Owen, the state's new secretary of agriculture. Mrs. Huda Felland, director of the state milk and food laboratory, resigned her $10,200 job in protest. Dennler is a Republican, Coad a Democrat. Dennler is an Iowa State University dairy industry graduate. Coad attended the University of Minnesota for less than six months, and has no dairy training whatsoever. Governor Harold Hughes said in the recent campaign about his desire to keep competent people working for the state, "ho matter what their politics." The Great White Hunter has Goldwater comfort (Ed Grady in Maquoketa Sentinel) ..„ As David Lawrence, the dis- proven he didn't mean what he tinguished analyist of cpntem- said and he and his secretary porary events and the editor of of agriculture have seriously u S. News & World Report, jeopardized Iowa's dairy indus- saySi Barry Goldwater probably' try. Hughes's (M. B. Crabbe in • Eagle Grove Eagle) A few weeks back we wrote in this column that the 61st General Assembly should be known as the Harold Hughes General Assembly. At that time it looked as if Governor Hughes had everything under control ... he would "go along with any- and was going to be able to di- with sanction of such military s s .. •>••-. le gi slstive action without Operations, whether they be ADVANCE SUBSCRIPTION RATE « on One Year in County and to nearest frost, off ice oijtslde of County ---- 15.00. Six months in County and to •'nearest post office .-..--.- ........ »"« Year outside County/and to other than nearest outside P.O.s ---- --* 7 ' 00 . All rights to matter published In the Algona Kbssuth County Advance „ are reserved, including news, feature, advertising or other, and reproduc- ?lon " any manner Is prohibited except by written perrn.ss.pn ,ol -th«. publishers of the Algona Kossuth County . Advance In each Instance. All manuscripts- articles or pictures arc sent at the owner's.. risk. Algona Professional AND Business Insurance Investments ALGONA INSURANCE AGENCY J. R. (Jim) KOLP Surety Bonds — All Lines of Insurance 206 East State St. Ph. 295-3176 BLOSSOM INSURANCE AGENCY All Lines of Insurance 109 North Dodge Ph. 295-2735 BOHANNON INSURANCE SERVICE 6 North Dodge St. Polio Insurance Ph. 295-5443 Home—Automobile—Farm KOSSUTH MUTUAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION Over $102,000,000 worth of insurance in force. A home Company. Safe, secure. Lola Scuffham, Secy. HERBST INSURANCE AGENCY For Auto, House, Household Goods, and Many Other Forms Ph. 295-3733 Ted S. Herbst RICHARD A. MOEN Representing FEDERATED INSURANCE Modern one-stop Insurance Service Business - Home - Car - Life 295-5955 P.O. Box 337 HAROLD SUNDET Sundet Insurance Agency 118 South Dodge Phone 5-2341 RICKLEFS * GEELAN INSURANCE AGENCY All Types of Insurance Ph. 295-5529 or 295-3811 ALGONA INVESTORS Diversified Services, Inc. DONALTJ V. GANT Phone 295-2540 B6x 375 ALGONA, IOWA CKiroprSctbfs DR. D. D. ARNOLD Chiropractor 120 N. Moore Mori. - Wed. • Fri. 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. Phone 295-3373 : W. L. CLEGG, D. C. Sawyer Building 9 East State St. Algona, Iowa Office Hours by Appointment Office Ph. 295-5677 DR. M. R. BALDWIN Chiropractor Office Phone Res. Phone 295-2378 295-3306 Office Hours: MOn. thru Fri. — 8:30-12:(X) 1:00- 5:00 Saturday morning 8:30-12:00 Farm Mahagfement CARUQli MAHACIMINT COMPANY . •». m-mi LEON H. LAIRD Farm Management Good management is Good Business 820 So. Harriet Phone 295-3810 Doctors Optometrists extracted little comfort out of the presidential election last fail _ "but he is beginning novv to get some consolation." Mr. Lawrence had reference to the Johnson Administration's decision last week to intensify United States involvement in the Viet Nam war. In recent days, U.S. jet bombers have been inflicting what reports say are heavy losses on the Communist Viet Cong. While we are in hearty accord thing Ken Owens does" even though he, Hughes, knew nothing about the situation. A Cherokee dairy operator said last week, "This new man Coad will be no help to me, I don't think he knows the difference between a pasteurizer and a vaporizer. If they wanted to give him a job, why didn't they put him in the liquor commission somewhere. 1 was silly enough to vote for the Democrats last time. That's what makes me mad." Governor Hughes made much much trouble. But now one of the new Democratic legislators has said for publication that he is "getting tired of going to Democratic legislative caucuses and listening to directions from the labor union leaders" in the legislature. That sounds as if there might be a new boss in the General Assembly. At least it indicates undertaken in conjunction with the South Viet Namese forces 0r whether they are moves solely of U. S. airmen, we find it difficult to suppress a wry chuckle in one notable respect. Most of us undoubtedly will recall that G.O.P. Presidential Hopeful Barry Goldwater late last summer was branded as "trigger happy" and had a bat- that there is a struggle going on tery of psychiatrists m the wings between the Governor and the about to declare him a lunatic when he advocated an aerial bombing offeosiye to Viet N3». labor leaders as to who is going the Dr. HAROLD W. ERICKSON Eyes Examined, Contact Lenses, Hearing Aid Glasses. 9 East State Street Phone 295-2196 Hours 9:00 a.m. to 5;QO p.m. Closed Saturday Afternoons DR. C. M, O'CONNOR Optometrist Visual Analysis and Visual Training Contact Lenses 108 So. Harlan, Algona Phone 295-3743 ' Dr. L. L. SNYDER 113 East State St. Dial 295-2715 Closed Saturday Afternoons Credit Services CREDIT BUREAU of KOSSUTH COUNTY Collectrite Service Fact bilt Reports 295-3182 AJgona Credit Bur«»y Federation Algona Office division of Midwest Credit Corporation Now Offering The Midwest Credit System (Immediate Electronic Credit Loss Recovery Service) with Monthly an4 Quarterly Reports. Phone 29I-5W4 Alftni JOHN N. KENEFICK, M. D. Physician and Surgeon 218 W. Stete Office Phone 295-2353 Residence Ph. 295-2614 MELVIN G. BOURNE, M. O. Physician & Surgeon 118 No. Moore St Office Phone 295-2349 Residence Ph. 295-2277 DAN L. BRAY, M. D. M. D, Clinic Bldg. 109 W. State St. Algona, Iowa Office Ph, 295*2828 JOHN M, 3CHUTTER, M. 0. Residence Phone 295-2335 DEAN P, KOOB, M. D, Residence Phone 295-5917 Physicians and Surgeons 220 N. Dodge, Algona Office Phone 395.5490 Dentists DR. J. B. HARRIS JR. Dentist 622 E. State St. Phone 295-2134 PR. tERQY I. STROHMAN Dentist 116 JJ. Mooire ft, Phone 295-3131 KEVIN NASH* D P:S, 133 E, Call Algona

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