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Editorial— Hoffa's Effort to Make A Good Impression Failed James Hoffa, vice president of! the powerful Teamsters Union, evidently was strongly determined to make a better public impression than did other Teamster officials under fire from the Senate committee investigating rackets. But it is now fair to say that in this effort he failed. When Hoffa began hi* appearances before the McClellan committee in Washington, he was confident to the point of cockiness. He gave friendly, direct answers to a long series of questions which were not without embarrassment tor him. For instance, he had to acknowledge he had been arrested 17 times, though convicted only thrice for minor offenses. He conceded, too, that he had repaid only $70,000 of $120,000 borrowed Interest- free from union officials, Teamster locals and various businessmen. But Hoffa's self-assurance began to drain away when the committee turned to accounts of his dealings with Johnny Dio of New York, known racketeer and convicted extortionist. Hoffa admitted to knowing Dio. But as the committee played recorded transcripts of various tapped telephone conversations between Hoffa and Dio, the Teamster vice president found himself afflicted with sudden, acute loss of memory. Though these conversations dealt with specific matters relating to union manipulation, and some Timet Herald, Carroll, Iowa Friday, Ao«. 30, 1957 Isn't .'It a Custom Here to Have Many Wives?" were recorded only two months ago, Hoffa professed to the committee that hearing them played back gave him not the slightest inkling what was under discussion. The committee found this so incredible that it is turning over Hoffa's testimony to the Justice department for possible prosecution on perjury charges. The chances are that most Americans will be equally unbelieving. They are likely to conclude that Hoffa. without taking the Fifth amendment, tried to get the same result. While never quite striking an uncooperative attitude, he told the committee nothing of his links with Dio. To achieve this great blank, he pleaded faulty memory 111 times one day and almost as many the following day. If this was not contrived am nesia, then Hoffa would seem to have the weakest memory of any public figure in recent decades. Is this the man the Teamsters intend to elect their president next month? One wonders how he will be able to remember where his office is. Thoughts For every tree Is known by his own fruit.—Luke 6:44. I think that I shall never poem lovely as a tree. — Joyce Kilmer. Herter's Half-Year Score Is Record for 'No Boo-Boos' By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) Christian Herter has now been undersecretary of state for six months without making a visible boo-boo. When John Foster Dulles is out of town, Herter automatically becomes acting secretary of state, a situation which has existed a total of nearly two months during the last six. If Herter's performance so far doesnt set some kind of boo-boo- less record in this important job, it at least justifies the confidence Ike has in the tall, serious, slightly stooped Bostonian when he appointed him. Herter's half year on the U. S. payroll found him immediately thrust into the Mid-East crisis. He has had to field many of the foul balls the Russians have been hitting at the disarmament talks in London. For the last several weeks he has been inundated with the problems of trying to help the President's foreign aid requests through Congress. You can't find a consecutive three days during the past six months when Secretary Dulles was in or out of town, during which some crisis didn't cross Herter's desk. f He has briefed himself astonishingly fast on practically all of| America's complex foreign relations problems. He has won the growing confidence of Dulles and the President. He has improved the general mood of the State De; partment. And he has proved himself an excellent administraitor. Except for one detail, the net effect of his performance would be to enhance his chances for the GOP vice presidential or presidential nominations in 1960. That missing detail is the fact that Herter has become so immersed in his work that he has completely ignored his own political future. Herter was a U.S. congressman from Massachusetts and a gover nor of that state. After this experience certain political gestures almost become instinctive to a man still in public life. You keep up your political contacts. You make speeches before the right groups. You keep informed about what's going on where it counts to you politically. Herter has done none of those things, to the disappointment of the men who seek to push him on to greater things. The one big reservation about Herter, which even his most ardent fans shared when he took the job at State, was his health. He has suffered from arthritis, the cause of his slight stoop. His doctors believed it was arrested but there was 'a serious question of whether his arduous new job might cause a recurrence. This reservation on Herter's future has now been practically eliminated by the way he has held up and adjusted to the physical demands of the job. He makes it a point never to stand up more than 15 minutes at a time when he attends some embassy reception or party, his only concession to the ailment. The demands of the job force him to average at least two or three such affairs per week. But he's relaxed about his enforced social activity and even seems to enjoy it. When the strain catches up or a touch of the old arthritis threatens, he'll just pop an aspirin in his mouth. When Dulles is in town, Herter's schedule is from 8:30 in the morning to about 6:30 in the evening. When Dulles is gone, he is seldom able to leave the office until after j8. ! Also when Dulles is out of town, ! Herter is on the telephone sever- I al times a day with the Presi- > dent, in addition to his regular sessions in Ike's office. When a : crisis is on deck, Herter and Ike j will have 'phone conferences after dinner. the study of the heart, and basal metabolism for study of the thyroid. The fact that there are so many possible tests has introduced a new and complicated problem. If one wants a complete routine yearly examination, how should one go about it, as H. L. inquires? It would be expensive and involve the special skills of a large number of physicians to make every known test on the human body. What to include, therefore, is a problem about which there is still considerable dispute in medical circles. Probably the most practical solution is to go regularly, to a skilled and experienced general physician or specialist in internal medicine. Rely on his judgment as to what should be included in the way of special tests. In the absence of symptoms pointing to the need for some special examinations, he will probably give some tests each year. Others will be given only at inter- j vals of two or three years. 7%e/Ptafote fhmt 'Unselfish' Mother's Even Worse Than 'Selfish' One SO THEY SAY Where am I? — Air Force Maj. David G. Simons, greeting two youths at Elm Lake, S. D., after record 19-mile-high balloon flight. They should carry a picture of a pirate flag or an elephant with the postmaster general atop it (if four-cent stamp is ordered for first-class letters). — Rep. Barrett O'Hara (D-Ill.). The need is urgent, I can assure you 'for legislation to protect FBI files). — FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. By MRS. MURIEL LAWRENCE (Mrs. Muriel Lawrence is on vacation. In her absence, noted psychiatrist Eric Fromm discusses six frequently asked questions on child - parent relationship. His answers are condensed from his book. "Man For Himself," published by Rinehart and Co.) Q—Is being an "unselfish" mother better than being a "selfish" one? A—It is easier to understand selfishness by comparing it with greedy concern for others, as we find it, for instance, in an over- soliticious, dominating mother. While she consciously believes that she is particularly fond of her child, she has actually a deeply repressed hostility toward the object of her concern. She is over- concerned not because she loves the child too much, but because she has to compensate for her lack of capacity to love him at all. This theory of the nature of selfishness is borne out by psychoanalytic experience with neurotic "unselfishness." Not only is unsel- i fishness not felt as a "symptom"; | it is often the one redeeming char- I acter trait on which such people | pride themselves. The "unselfish" i person "does not want anything for ; himself"; he "lives only for oth ers," is proud that he does not consider himself important. The nature of unselfishness becomes particularly apparent in the effect the "unselfish" mother has on her children. She believes that by her unselfishness her children will experience what it means to be loved and to learn, in turn, what it means to love. The effect, however, does not at all correspond to her expectations. The children do not show the happiness of persons who are convinced they are loved: they are anxious, tense, afraid of the mother's disapproval and anxious to live up to her expectations. Altogether, the effect of the "unselfish" mother is not too different from that of the selfish one; indeed, it is often worse because the mother's unselfishness prevents the children from criticizing her. They are put under the obligation not to disappoint her; they are taught, under the mask of virtue, dislike for life. If one has a chance to study the effect of a mother with genuine self-love, one can see that there is nothing more conducive to giving a child the experience of what love, joy and happiness are than being loved by a mother who loves herself. Khrushchev may be able to bake a better smelling pudding now that he is the only cook in the Kremlin kitchen, but there is nothing yet to suggest that the puddings ingredients have changed,— Neal Stanford, political commentator. Water containing only a small percentage of potassium cyanide will dissolve silver and gold.. Cyclone winds have been known to whirl at a rate of 200 to 300 miles per hour. Cynics originally referred to a school of philosophers founded by one of Socrates' pupils. • DR. JORDAN SAYS * By EDWIN P. JORDAN, M.D., Written for NEA Service Today's Doctor Aided by Many New Tests, Methods During the past 50 years a great many new methods have been developed for examining the human body, its organs and functions. The simple methods which have long been used involve rne doctor's own senses. They include what the doctor can see, feel, tell by pound« Doily Times Herald Dally Except Sunday* and Holidays By The Herald Publishing Company 105 West Flith Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered as second-c)»s» matter at the ' B ost office at Carroll, (owa, under ie act of March 3, 1879. ., Member of the Associated Press' The AMoclated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of ail the local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP dls- patches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week I J6 The daddy-long-legs lives on small insects and is entirely harmless to man. Milk is pasteurized by heating to 140 degrees or more, then cooling very quickly. Q — Who was the sculptor of the famous Iwo Jima statue? A—Felix de Weldon. Q — Why are sego lilies por- ! trayed on the state seal of Utah? I A — The lilies are in memory j of the time when the lily bulbs | were eaten by many of the Mor; mon colonists to fight off starva- i tion during early settlement. | Q — When did Congress author| ize the issuance of the 2-cent • coin? A — In 1864, to relieve the Civil War shortage of 1 cents. The new coin was made legal tender only to the value of 20 cents, and the next .year this was reduced to 4 cents. The series was discontinued in 1873. Q — What scale Is used In Chinese music? A — The Chinese use a penta- tonic (five tone) scale which sounds like the black keys of the piano; Q — Was Gen. George Pickett of Gettysburg fame, killed in the Civil War? A — No, after the Civil War ended. General Pickett returned to Richmond and became a businessman. He died in 1875. Charles Dickens' novel, "David Copperfield," was first published in 20 monthly installments. Davy Jones is the popular name of sailors for an evil sea spirit or the devil generally. Business Still of High Level, Confident By SAM DAWSON NEW YORK UR—Business coasts along at a high level today with confidence for the long pull still strong. As they take off on the Labor Day weekend that traditionally marks the end of the summer siesta, businessmen also have hopes—if a little less confidence, maybe—that the fall season will see industry and trade starting upgrade again. Reoord Incomes, Spending They base this largely on the record high personal incomes and consumer spending that after all are their biggest props. These have continued unaffected by the summer slowdown in industrial output. Some are wondering if the announcement of the Russian intercontinental missile may change the direction of defense spending in this country. In recent weeks the government has ordered a cutback in the rate, trying to hold the federal debt within its legal limit. A change in the arms race could affect many industries. If this new uncertainty will muddle the industrial scene after Labor Day, at least one other uncertainty is in its final days. Congress will soon adjourn and business can total up the effects of congressional deeds of omission and commission. Prices, Wages Rise Prices and wages continue to rise and probably will keep on doing so after Labor Day. It's a momentum that does down slowly —on the contrary it tends to feed on itself. For many factory workers higher wage rates are being offset by the drop in hours worked or by the decline in factory jobs. Hopes for more jobs after Labor Day are built around the slowly rising steel output rate from its July low, on •hopes for increased auto production after the upcoming slowdown for model changeovers, and the perhaps wistful hopes of makers of appliances that the consumers will flock back to the stores this fall. Hopes for a pickup in home building due to the new mortgage terms seem to have been put of till next spring. At summer's end (for business purposes) the Department of Commerce notes that "business activity has shown little change since midyear, apart from developments of a seasonal nature." It cites sustained high levels of employment and volume of total output, together with continuing gradual rises in prices and incomes. Test of Trends The post Labor Day period will test in particular three recent trends that businessmen have been watching closely: inventory buildup, a drop in new orders, and the slightly longer time customers take to pay their bills. The Commerce Department's latest figures on manufacturers' new orders are for June, when they were trailing the year ago figure slightly and had dropped by about four billion dollars since January, but most of that was in defense aircraft. And the Russians have added a new uncertainty to that trend. Inventories haven't risen enough this summer to prove troublesome to most companies, but the trend is being watched. The Credit Research Founda- titn, an arm of the National Assn. of Credit Men, says retailers, wholesalers and manufacturers report it is taking just a little longer for customers to pay their bills. This has meant more bank lonas to carry on while waiting on collections. With so many things—including the stock market — at a testing stage, September should be a month to watch. West Germany Votes For Men, Not By LEON DENNEN NEA Special Correspondent BONN, Germany - (NEA) — West Germans will vote Sept. 15, free — for the second time since Hitler seized power in 1933— from pressure of dictatorship or foreign occupation rules. The Bundestag elections will thus mark another step in the democratic development of the Bonn Federal Republic. Moscow recognized the historic importance of the occasion by dispatching Nikita Khrushchev and Anastas Mikoyan to warn Bonn's citizens that Chancellor Conrad Adenauer's reelection would further impede Germany's reunification. But even the Russians' threats of a nuclear war made little impression on the anti-Communist West German man-in-the-street and still less on the politicians of the two major parties. The leading Christian Democratic party and the opposition Social Democrats consider any Soviet support as an electoral kiss of death. Primarily Personalities With the West German rump state still riding the wave of prosperity, it is primarily personalities —81-year-old Adenauer versus 56- year-old Socialist chief Erich 01- lenhauer — rather than domestic or foreign issues that will decide the outcome of the general elections. This goes even for German unity. The politicians regard reunification a "burning issue." But the ordinary West German, in the midst of his unprecedented economic well-being, contemplates it with a cool detachment. Twelve years after Hitler's defeat. West Germany has emerged from the abyss of war destruction to assume a dominant, if not the dominant place in non-Communist Europe. There is a striking difference between the despairing nation I saw in 1945 and the busy and bustling Germans who will go to the polls in September. Greatest Prosperity % Never in their checkered history have Germans been more prosperous than they are today. I The Ruhr industries and commerce are booming. Taxes have I been cut and industrial insurance | improved. Adenauer's new pension scheme has reduced the fear of inflation for the aged. Wages have risen and low-cost housing continues to break new records. With these gains — seen against j a background of industrial expan- | sion — the slogan of no economic ! and social experiments should | work in favor of the ruling Chris- J tian Democrats. Its effectiveness ! can be judged by the fact that the opposition Social-Democrats have been forced to echo it. The difference between the Christian Democrats and Social Democrats on key issues of domestic and foreign policy have become very small indeed. There is only one exception: OUenhauer would agree to Germany's withdrawal from NATO as the price for a U.S.-Soviet agreement on German unity. In the last elections, held in Sept. 1953, Ollenhauer opposed German entry into NATO. However, he told me, today the Socialists would consider Bonn's withdrawal from NATO only if conditions for German reunification were agreed on by the Western powers and Russia. Change Mind Thus, if the Russians considered Ollenhauer's Socialists somewhat of an asset when they were strongly against NATO they have since changed their mind. , With .Gomulka in power in Po- ADENAUER: No experiments. OLLENHAUER: A forced echo. land and growing unrest in the satellites, the Kremlin fears the dangerous attraction which an anti-Communist Social Democratic regime in Bonn would exert on the restive people behind the Iron Curtain. On Sept. 15, the average German voter will therefore vote for or against Chancellor Adenauer and not on issues of foreign and domestic policy which he' does not understand well and about which he cares little. Grant Soles Tax Exemption on Fuel For Farm Processes DES MOINES ifl - The Iowa State Tax Commission agreed Thursday to grant sales tax exemptions on fuel used for drying corn, brooding of chickens and turkeys and heating water for stock in the winter. The exemptions are granted under a law passed by the 1957 Legislature exempting farmers from paying the sales tax on fuel used in farming operations. The exemption for drying corn applies not only to the farmer who grows the product but to elevator operators and custom corn driers, the commission said. The commission also said a certificate has been devised for use by retailers of liquid petroleum gas who sell to purchasers who use such fuel in farm implements and for cooking and heating. INFANT BAPTIZED (Times Herald News Service) BREDA —Lynn Alan, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. John Hoebing, was baptized at St. Bernard Church Sunday. Sponsors were Mr. and Mrs. Ray Schettler. Dallas' first building was one- room log cabin erected in 1841 by William Neely Bryan. Carroll, Adjoining Counties .per year -110.00 sew here la few* year Isewhere In Iowa, month; Outside Iowa, v«»r, , , Outtfde low* moath Z US 1.40 18,001 ing (most commonly over the i chest) and hear through the steth -i oscope. i To these time-tested methods of j physical examination have been 1 , added many special tests. One of; the most important of these is the! X-ray. \ Practicaiiy no one tries to set a bone unless an X-ray has been made, The X-ray helps to make a diagnosis of tuberculosis. It is used, in the study of ulcers and other! disorders of the intestinal tract. I The physical examination today j is not complete unless the blood: pressure has been taken and sam-| pies of blood and urine obtained, j At least three tests of the blood, are always applied; counting the! white and red cells and testing the J iron in the blood for anemia, ! Minimum tests of the urine include examination for pus, sugar (diabetes) and abnormal protein (usually Bright's disease). In addition, both blood and urine often are subjected to .many special tests. , The modern pnyslclan has avail- j able a great many ingenious in-' struments and special tests. These, include toe electrocardiogram for' Remember Way Back When Nineteen Forty-Seven— Mrs. H. E. Deur gave a lawn party at her home Saturday afternoon for her daughter, Rodna Michael, who will enter kindergarten this fall. Nineteen Forty-Seven— Miss Elsie Miner, field secretary of the Beta Sigma Phi sorority for young women, is at the Burke hotel in Carroll to offer an opportunity for the establishment of a charter chapter here. Nineteen Forty-Seven— Representing the eighth grade of the' Carroll public school in the quiz derby at the Iowa State Fair are Duane Young Donna Lee McCoy and Beverly Short. The first two and Wade Raridon were chosen by their fellow students. Beverly is to appear as alternate for Wade who is unable to attend. Nineteen Forty-Seven— . Phyllis McConkie has returned home from Laramie, Wyo., where she attended summer school at the University oi Wyoming for 10 weeks. Use of daylight savings time was first advocated in England in 1907. Only two persons had signed the Declaration of Independence when it was proclaimed July 4, 1776. "Hart" is the European term ' for a fully-grown male deer. British Critic of American Women Didn't Get Facts Still another visitor to our shores has taken a quick look around our cities and gone back home to let go with a blast against American women. This time it is an English newsman who claims that American womanhood has American manhood ffrmly pinned down by the ears. To help prove his statement he pointed out that the American woman spends "eight billion dollars a year on clothing, considers that if she hasn't at least one car she is a cripple and that if she hasn't a refrigerator, television set and washing machine she might as well live in a cave." Too bad he didn't stick around long enough to dig a little further into this business of the American woman and all she has of material things. ; He could have learned that many American women have alj the luxuries they consider necessities not because they keep their (All Mabel ininrie husbands' noses to the grindstone but because they keep their own there, too, Woman Helped in many American homes it is two pay checks that make so many luxuries possible. After all, America is the country where more married women than single women hold down jobs. Even when you find a woman who seems to be living in clover, you'll often find she, too, earned a pay check during the early years of marriage to help her husband. Another thing our visitor and critic would have noticed if he had jooked a little closer is that many a small businessman has as an unpaid helper a wife who answers his telephone, keeps his books, etc. Nobody can or wants to deny thai the American woman is fortunate in many ways. But a great deal of her good fortune she has earned herself by/being a doer instead of • clinging vine. Escapee Given Extra Year Term LINCOLN W-Paul P. Shaw, 24, of Shenandoah, Iowa, Thursday was sentenced to one year in prison for his Independence Day escape from the State Men's Reformatory in Lincoln. Shaw, taken into custody at Norwich, Iowa, last week, pleaded guilty to the escape charge. Shaw began serving a three to i five year reformatory term last J December for armed robbdry in I Lincoln. He escaped July 4 while ! on a mission outside the institution to pick up rocks for a rock garden. Under the sentence meted out by District Judge John Polk, the new one year sentence will be added to the present term and all remaining time will be served in the state penitentiary, also in Lincoln. Shaw told Judge Polk that while he was at large for about six weeks, he took three cars and broke into one business place; Shaw said he had not Intended to escape last July but "panicked" when he saw a state Safety Patrol car. FIREMEN'S PICNIC ^ • (Timet . Service) LAKE CITY - Lake City firemen and their families, about 80 in all, had their annual picnic Sunday afternoon and evening at the Lake City Country Club. For adults there was golf and for the children, a trampoline, a trip to the swimming pool and rides about town in the big red fire- truck. A, L. Redehius is fire chief; and Russell Miller, assistant Seems to Be Abreast or Ahead of U.S. on Missiles By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON (JrV-Russia's announcement that it has successfully tested an intercontinental missile means the Soviet Union is abreast or ahead of the United States in the race to develop that weapon. This country is not revealing how close it is to achieving an operational ICBM. Beyond saying the program is going ahead under a high priority, American officials have kept details of that program a closely guarded secret. Fired from Base An ICBM—a ballistic missile- is one fired from a base. Then, Under its own fuel power, it speeds toward its target. A guided missile is one which is fired from a' 1 base but is guided electronically toward its target while in flight. The ICBM is intended to travel 5,000 miles or more at an elevation of 400 or 500 miles and at a speed of 15,000 to 20,000 miles an hour. An ICBM fired from Moscow could hit Chicago in 25 or 30 minutes. Then there is the intermediate range ballistic missile which can travel 1,500 miles,. One of these, fired from Leningrad, could hit London in 10 or 15 minutes. It is not known whether the Russians have ah IRBM. This country has been developing two 5,000-mile ICBM missiles: the Atlas and the Titan. Work on the latter was stacted after work on the Atlas. The United States has never' successfully fired an ICBM. A Failure Earlier this summer, the Atlas was tested at Cape Canaveral, Pla. but it was a failure. U rose about 5,000 feet, turned, and fell back to earth. , ' ' •'> This country has fired a device — that's the best name for it since it was not a full-fledged missile — almost 3.000 miles. About two weeks ago the Army fired from the Florida base an IRBM, called the Jupiter, which reportedly reached an altitude of 600 miles, traveled about 1,200 miles, and reached a speed estimated at 15,000 miles an hour on its plunge back to earth. Another missile was fired from Cape Canaveral Wednesday, but military officials declined to say what type was tested. Snark Bomber And the Air Force has under production the Snark, a jet-powered pilotless bomber considered capable of spanning the distance between the American continent and the Russian heartland. This writer sought—from people familiar with the missiles program—to learn how much this country has spent on missile development of all kinds since the end of World War II. An estimate, which one informed source said was conservative, came to more than 25 billion dollars. This would be 12 times more than the two billion dollars spent in developing the atomic bomb during World War II. Roughly, there are six types of missile programs: The ICBM, the biggest and most important as a deterrent to war; the IRBM; ,; air-to-air missiles (fired from planes at planes); air- to-surf ace, * missiles (fired from planes at earth targets); air-to- underwater missiles (fired from planes at targets on or beneath the surface of the' sea); and surface-to-air missiles (fired from the .ground at planes*).