Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on August 20, 1957 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 20, 1957
Page 3
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Editorial— Mavericks in China May Prove Tools of Russians There was wide agreement that ttie State Department's ban on newsmen visiting Red China was a mistake. The defiant trip to China of 40-odd U. S. young people seems unlikely to be viewed in the same light. Foreign correspondents are risk- takers by profession. They usually understand well the hazards of any venture they undertake. Naturally they want as.much protection from the government as they can get, but they don't often complain if they move into places where it can't be assured. The ordinary tourist, young or old, isn't accustomed to gauging travel risks carefully. The State Department properly substitutes its judgment for the tourist's in this matter. And quite commonly, it bars normal travel in areas it regards as unsafe. Communist China has been so classified by the department for a long time. In times past, various eastern European countries have been on the barred list. A citizen's passport bears a stamp specifically forbidding travel in such zones. The young Americans who have now gone from Moscow's youth festival to Red China at Peiping's invitation are in violation of clear passport regulations. They have been bluntly warned not to go by high diplomatic officials, and Have chosen to ignore these warnings. The fact that they are curious to times* Herald, Carroll, low* Tuesday, Aug. 20, 1957 Smoke-Filled Room see Red China is no justification. Many people may have been curious to inspect war zones at various times in the last two decades, but that did not mean it made sense for them to go. The department has stressed that these youngsters may prove to be tools of Red propaganda on their tour. Perhaps so and perhaps not. But the principle at stake is whether regulations are made to be obeyed or broken. Since the government has the responsibility of protecting its nationals wherever they go, it must have the authority to govern their travels within reasonable limits.. If every citizen were free to defy that authority at will, it would not amount to much. The most charitable thing to be said about the best of these kids is that they are well meaning but badly misguided. The worst of them may well be playing some body else's game. Thoughts Strive not with a man without cause, if he have done thee no harm.—Proverbs 3:30. Above all other things is justice: success is a good thing: wealth is good also; honor is better; but justice excels them.—David Dud ley Field. Small Chance to Stop Hoffa In Bid for Top Union Post mstr mm wst 1 >< ••rim Brutal Youth— . - . *r<irx ... HOFFA'S GANGSTER TIE-INS 14. By DOUGLAS LARSEN of the AFL-CIO hold a special NEA Staff Correspor dent hearing on the teamster case WASHINGTON — (NE../ — The sometime before the Miami elec- Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in the labor or management fields has long-range plans for Jimmy Hoffa It has no hope of blocking his election as president of the teamsters when the union holds its election at Miami in September. The committee would like to nip usually absorbed in a week or so, though the clot can be removed by surgery. A letter from D. asks not only for information about hemorrhoids in general, but also whether there is any cure besides surgery and whether heat should be used. In mild cases there is often considerable improvement without surgery and sometimes surgery is not necessary. When it comes to a cure, however, that is complete relief of severe or consistently bleeding hemorrhoids, there almost certainly is no method which is as Bible Comment— Fruits for Repentance Discussed tion. This move is obviously one to try to influence the teamster elec-. .. , . „ . . , tion against Hoffa. But its chanc- " ) sfact , ory ?. s H * a 18 of es of keeping Hoffa from the pres- 1 " e va .! ue ' ?° u «* 11 ™M P 05 " idency are not good, m ost e x- s,bl .y reheve the d,scomfort tem P°- perts agree. rarilyi By WILLIAM E. GILROY, P. D. When John the Baptist came from the wilderness calling upon the Judeans to "bring forth fruits meet for repentance" 'Matthew 3:8), he was emphasizing a recurring need in the lives of individuals and peoples. Individuals, in fact, may grow in grace and knowledge (II Peter 3:18). and the path of the just may be as the shining light "that shineth more and more unto the perfect d^ay"; but among nations and peoples the course of history has seldom been one of steady progress. Thus it probably falls to the! The operation can be performed long-range work of the Senate I with either local or general anes- Hoffa's bid for this job now. as a' committee to try to get Hoffa out I thesia - There nas been some inv result of its efforts to show his as- of the labor movement. And that's j Provement in the methods of treat- sociation with racketeers in New | not going to be easy. I ment and postoperative care in re- York. But members believe that a "In our investigations so far," a i cent years so that convalescence is commandine voice lot more research on the 44-year- committee spokesman said, "we! usually more rapid and the pain « *n *'£*?™ c ° mng ^ old labor-leading fireball from De- have come onto many leads which !'ess severe following this opera- 1 01 leaaersnip. or ootn. nave King as a boy of eight by. the people, when servants of the palace killed his father, Am'on (II Kings 21:21-26). . •' Josiah reigned for 30 years, from about 640 B.C. to 609 B.C., and his reign as a good King is notable for the reformation that followed the discovery of the lost and neglected Book of the Law, portions of the Book of Deuteronomy. The contrast between the moral condition of the people and the morality revealed in the Law, and the quickening power of the Proph- ed Jeremiah, let to a great revival. It is a story of many details, It has almost invariably been | which one may find in II Kings 21, that of lapses and reformations, of I and the following chapters. But a periods of the dominance of evil sad aspect of the reformation and corruption until startling \ under Josiah is that it did not sue- What Are Prisons Question in Youth NEA Staff Correspondent NEW YORK - (NEA)—In the course of this day in the U.S.A., 34 persons will have been murdered, 55 women assaulted, 721 automobiles stolen — with the heaviest concentration of violence and major crimes committed by American youth between the ages of 16 and 21. In the course of this year, state and federal judges will sentence more than 185.000 to prison terms for serious crimes. One out of three will be young people. And the total law enforcement and correction cost to American taxpayers will be a staggering $17,000,000,000. "But we are not getting our money's worth —not by a long shot," according to Edward R. Cass, general secretary of the American Correctional Association. And he is Sot alone in his view—not by a long shot Almost everybody involved in our correction system calls for a re-examination of goals, methods, values. And for every plan there is a drawback and a counterplan. Meanwhile, teen-age vandalism and violence rage. Off to Wrong Start Our self-contradictory, groping correctional system got off to a wrong start, according to prison architect Clarence Litchfield. "First we made confinement a punishment in itself. And then we made supervisory jobs political plums." It has been a long fight to change either of these concepts. And the result has been the still unanswered question: What are prisons for? A hopeful answer comes from Gen. Charles Brandon Booth of the Volunteers of America which plays a vital role in helping prisoners' families, and helping released prisoners gain work. "Prisons must change the ways of the individual." Gen. Booth said. "He comes in with devious ways of failure and should leave with various ways of success." Psychiatrist Answers A scientific answer comes from a psychiatrist whose opinion has been asked liy many juvenile courts. "Prison is a place that protects society from people with poor conscience structure. Building or rebuilding a conscience is a long, painful and not always successful job." For? That's Reform Pictur&M m AT ELMIRA REFORMATORY, Gen. Charles Brandon Booth 4 the Volunteers of America talks with a young prisoner. But the job of rebuilding conscience is thrice difficult. Juveniles with their fists clenched against the law are suddenly ask- and self-destructive at worst. "We've got to change our thinking about fortresses," said architect Litchfield. "We've got to get troit will have to be done before indicate that Hoffa has engaged in they can hope to halt Hoffa's ca- j many questionable activities. But reer. jthey will take patient and careful A committee spokesman ex- • research to follow up. This won't plains: | be easy and it will .take many "The upcoming election in the i months. But we are going to try teamsters union is a private affair in which general public opinion will not mean a thing. Certainly what we have been developing about Hoffa's association with gangsters and racketeers in New York will come as no surprise to the officials of the teamsters union who will participate in the election. "Look what we showed about Dave Beck's handling of union funds. This didri't get teamster officials excited enough to get rid of him. So it's not likely that our "New York situation hearings will block Hoffa's election." Hoffa's activities since he was acquitted on federal charges of planting a spy in the Senate committee staff indicate that he is in full accord with the committee's views of his chances for winning Beck's job. He is going full steam in the campaign and is boldly talking about organizing all transportation workers' into one huge union combine. The one other possible roadblock in Hoffa's race for teamster presidency — in addition to the Senate committee's current hearings —is the Ethical Practices Committee of the AFL-CIO. Albert J. Hayes, head of the to get at the real facts of his activities." The case of Jimmy Hoffa is not the case of Dave Beck. The committee nailed Beck with highhanded use of union funds to feather his own nest. Hoffa's alleged sins aren't suspected of being those committed for fattening his own bank account. From what they've shown of Hoffa's record so far, it appears that he has erred by being ruthless in his methods of gaining power in the union. The committee has laid .ample evidence on the record to show that Hoffa has worked closely with some of New York's .most notorious gangsters and crooks in his efforts to gain union power. Hoffa's part in the New York labor picture was considered only incidental when the committee began investigating it. Johnny Dio, the gangster convicted of major crimes in connection with his union activities .and under indictment in connection with the acid- throwing which blinded columnist Victor Reisel, was the committee's prime target. It's.believed that Hoffa's activities in Detroit, Chicago and West Coast will be the real pay-dirt for tion. I am often asked whether hemorrhoids lead to cancer. Fortunately, though hemorrhoids may cause a lot of discomfort, they do not increase the chances of. developing cancer. But one should be sure that bleeding or other symptom? in this area are not the result of cancer since to delay treatment in sucn event would be disastrous. SO THEY SAY aroused an awakened conscience and induced an era of repentance and reform. The periods of the predominance j evil, of good, or of evil, are emphasized i The reign of the good Josiah was 1 A practical answer comes from ceed beyond his tragic death <II the Rev. H. E. Erway at the El- Kings 23:29). The history of the [ m \ ra< N. Y., Reformatory: "We time conspicuously emphasized the ; try to teach these young people ebb and flow between the domin- : wna t they never learned or forgot ance of good and the dominance of j aD0U t the society into which they j are forced to work with a prison were born." ed to change allegiances. Their< the young people Into Small .... groups and away from just doing time." Litchfield's blueprint calls for satellite camps for each maximum security prison. Once. a young prisoner's .aptitudes and problems have been classified, he moves out of the fortress and into a camp that more closely resembles the society into which he will have to fit. If he defies the camp code, he is punished with a return to the prison. "These camps will be cheaper to build and we'll be saving money to pay trained teachers and counselors. That's where we ought to be looking anyway." Up to Communities More and more correction authorities see the day when communities must accept the responsibility for rehabilitation. One of the plans under discussion calls for a network of parole- to-the-community of young offenders. The idea: A real family to live with and a well-trained counselor to see every day. With a shortage of trained personnel and with communities that swing from fear to anger to apathy, the plan cannot work today. "But it's the only one that will," said one correction expert. "We'rs only going to see a change when we start to encourage the hu- average term in prison is only 18.5 months. And there are too few well-trained teachers. For the most part, counseling is left to volunteer prison clergy and guards. Rap Social Workers Many psychiatrists are open in their criticism of the social workers who deal daily with young people left to their own resources. "Too many of these social workers," one doctor said, "have half- baked psychiatric ideas. And many of them are badly in need of emotional help themselves." For work within the prisons, however, there is some hope. The Volunteers of America, holding annual conferences with businessmen, clergy and labor unions, has set up the understructure of the bridge between prison and society. Following the lead of Clifford A. Scrimshaw, the American Correctional Chaplains are stirring interest in theological students to take an internship In prisons. And New York City Commissioner of Correction Anna Kross is formulating plans to ask university faculties for academic help on the practical level of prison counseling. Bad System But while guards, volunteers and a handful of trained social workers do what they can, they manity in ourselves that we've system that is unwieldy at best 1 stepped on for so long." in contrast by the immediacy with which one may succeed the other. This interaction of periods of good and evil had its most conspicuous course in the history of the Jewish people, especially as recorded in the historical books of the Old Testament, and in the Phrophecies. The moral and social conditions seemed to depend much on the I certainly did (write a story purposely to injure someone). — i character of the King; and the! Egypt Howard Rushmore, former editor' Kings, whose records are in the j caught in between the intrigues strangely sandwiched in between the reigns of his evil father Amon, and his very evil grandfather Manasseh, on the one hand and the evil kings, Josiah's sons (II Kings 23T30-34) who succeeded him. In the background of the story, as today, was the little land of Palestine. Among its neighbors were at that time the great empires of Assyria, Babylon, and with the land of Israel of Confidential magazine, at Hollywood trial. It seems that Murder, Inc., has opened a. southern branch in the Western Hemisphere. — Rep. Donald L. Jackson (R-Calif.), on as- sasinations of three Latin-American presidents. If our friends in the West really want to perform a service for West Germany, then they should let us' conduct our campaign alone. — Socialist Leader Erich OUenhauer. on West Germany election Sept. 15. It was all innocent fun. — Janet Books of Samuel, Kings, and! and contending empires, a situa Chronicles, were a strange and tion that might account for much varied lot. Some were particularly in morals and manners, and that good and some unbelievably evil, was to lead shortly to the down- A great reformation occurred in j fall of the kingdom and the the reign of Josiah, who became Babylonian exile. committee, has said that he will j the committee's future investiga- recommend the executive council tions. V { • DR. JORDAN SAYS * By SDWIN *». JORDAN, M.D., Wrltfrn for NBA Servlca Improvements Are Noted In Hemorrhoid Treatment York Negress? A—Miss Gibson won the Wimble Fawcett, 28, of Van Nuys. Calif., i don women's singles tennis cham after her husband shot and wound- i pionship. Wimbledon, in all its 80 commenced in 1950. Q—What country was once known as Hibernia? A—Hibernia is an old name for Ireland. Scholars believe it to be the name Julius Caesar gave the country. Q— W hat recent achievement I Q— Why Is helium Important to was won by Althea Gibson, a New • aeronautics? A—Helium will neither burn nor explode. Q— When is the first U. S. earth satellite to be shot into space? ed man he found in her bedroom. A—Tentative plans call for launching in the spring of 1958. its It's always all right to let well enough alone if you're sure it is. Some people are smart enough to keep the kind of a check on themselves that they can cash in on. A recurring question submitted to this column concerns hemorrhoids, or piles. These are two names for the same thing. Hemorrhoids, or piles, are enlarged veins which develop at or near the outlet of the rectum. The enlargements often occur in clus- Daily Times Herald D»Uy Except Sundays and Holiday! By The Herald Publishing Company " 105 West Fifth Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered at aecond-clasa matter at the post office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Auoclated Preai la entitled exclusively to the use for republication of til the local newt printed In this newspaper as well aa all AP dls- patches, Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier *boy delivery per week * .35 • i BY MAlt, Carroll, Adjoining Counties per year Carroll, Adjoining Counties, , per month — .910.00 Elsewhere In Iowa, year-.™ Elsewhere in towa, month- ' vanajtnnt/a^srf<v ' ejw«watj em^F^ 1.25 12.00 1 ,40 T 8 ters and tend to appear and disappear. They may come .on gradually or suddenly. A sudden train, such as lifting a heavy object, or a bad attack of constipation often brings the trouble to the patient's attention for the first time. Blockage of the flow of blood through the' hemorrhoidal veins favors the development of piles. Many factors are involved: long continued severe c o u g hi n g, childbirth, the muscular strain of heavy lifting, athletics or constipation, * Often the first symptom of piles is the presence of blood "on the outside of the bowel waste, without pain. Another common early sign is itching. Bleeding is usually slight at first, but the amount of blood lost can eventually cause anemia. , . Ulcers, or cracks in the skin or mucous membrane around the rectum often develops in a continued case. Such complications are usually painful. At times clots can form inside the enlarged veins. These, are likely to arise suddenly, together «m: mm : Tbi cioU are years, had never had a Negro singles champion, man or woman. Q-In what wars did the United j Always remember that it takes States participate without a formal j two to make bad company, declaration? Any auctioneer likes to see face that is forbidding. Remember Way Bock When A— War was never formally declared against Tripoli in 1802, the Confederate States in I8fil, the j wars with the various Indian i One penalty of bigamy in some tribes, and the Korean conflict that 1 cases is two mothers-in-law. Businessmen Split on Outlook For o Fall Boom By SAM DAWSON NEW YORK i#> — Businessmen appear to be as divided as stock market operators and government and banking economists on the prospects for a boom this fall. A survey of. 205 industrial corporations today shows the majority of their top men still optimistic but also reveals a growing minority that now looks for a downturn in production and sales — and especially in profits. A similar taking of the consumer pulse recently also showed uneasiness spreading among those with the final say-so as to which way the economy will go. Consumers this summer are less confident than they were last winter that good times will go on forever. Preach Caution Brokerage houses have been preaching caution in a stock market making wide swings with small volume. Most people seem to have taken to the sidelines. Financial circles gossip about what they interpret as a split in opinion among Federal Reserve System Officials as to whether business is heading up or down. The gossip fastens on the New York Federal Reserve bank's failure to follow quickly the action by eight other districts in hiking Stays Away From It— US. Treats Anti-Red Law Like Poison Ivy By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON (AV-Monday was the third anniversary of a law which the government has treated like poison ivy. It's stayed away from it almost completely. This law was passed at a time when Democrats and Republicans in Congress were trying to outdo each other in their anti-Communist fervor just before going home to face the voters in the 1954 elections. This week a government lawyer, looking at a copy of the 1954 act on his desk, said: "From the way this law was put together, I think members of Congress must have written it on the back of match-boxes." Congress started out that year with talk of outlawing the Communist party by making membership in it a crime. Realizing this might not stand up in court, the lawmakers w o u n d up weasel- wording with a statement which merely said. "Therefore, the Communist party should be outlawed." Meaningless It sounded big but didn't mean anything because it didn't do Nineteen Seven- Theodore Thomas, who is at Ma pleton assisting in the enlarging of <RI 0 L TTUIkiL She Opposes Daughter's the Green Bays yards there. wasj 'CtjrL .JM.f he-Mud' B QQ U home to spend Sunday with hisj 1,1 " ,l,y parents Nineteen Seven- Harry L baseman, and iH _ . , "The worst time in going: to thin air for all the good it does, j Conference. Board asked 205 Morgan, our second' steady.",says the mother of a 16-: Can't you write something that; dustnal concerns how they felt J Grover Beiter have' year-old daughter, "is when a girl j will show girls that if they insist | business would be the rest of this gone to Cambridge to play wilh the Nevada team at a baseball tournament.; Nineteen Seven— J. A. Rohner and his brother, Frtink G., returned from the Jamestown Exposition Sunday. Frank stopped off at. his home in Dubuque. J. A. does not think much of the exposition and says it is far below the standard of enterprises of its kind. Nineteen Seven— When Patrick J. Conley was engaged in filling a ditch for the city sewer Saturday, his team of mules backed up too close to the opening and one of them fell in. Before assistance could be given the other animal followed suit head foremost. The rnj^es, ,w,ero taken from the ditch with some difficulty an hour later. Neither was scratched but one now refuses to go back to work. gets herself tied up with a boy who; on going steady, they ought to be pever wants to go anywhere or do anything. "My daughter right now is going steady with a boy who doesn't like to dance, swim and can't be dragged to parties. "His jdea of how to spend an evening is either to go to a movie —when he can afford it—or sit around doing nothing. "That means that Mary keeps turning down invitationis. Her social life has gotten to be more staid than my own. A girl who goes steady can't accept an invitation unless her 'steady' is agreeable. "I've tried to tell my daughter what a mistake she is making to tie herself down to a stick-in-the- mud who is so jealous she doesn't dare look at another boy smart enough to pick a boy willing to do what they want to do part of the time?" Might Marry One I could tell my teen-age readers that. But I couldn't guarantee it would have any more effect on them than their mothers have when they say the same things. Perhaps a girl just has to learp the discount rate. Any such hike ] any outlawing, is usually tapped as a fear that; This act of three years ago did inflation and speculative boom are j attempt to say the party should in the cards. Holding to the old!be denied the "rights, privileges interest rate or lowering it is j and immunities" enjoyed by legal usually interpreted as a fear of; organizations. In three years what deflation rather than inflation and I rights, privileges and immunities of a business slowdown rather j has the party lost? than a new boom. ! None, so far as this writer In view of all this difference of! could find. For example: it was opinion the National Industrial I thought in 1954 the party might, in- i under the new law, be denied the use of the mails for its newspaper, the Daily Worker. But the Post Office has taken no action of any kind against the year It reports today that the majority are optimistic, expecting new orders and dollar sales to increase, planning to boost their rates of production, and hoping for larger before-tax profits. Many Optimistic The board — a nonprofit organization doing research in the field of economics and business — finds more than half of the 205 the law imposed a whole series of prohibitions and penalties on party members. Before any of those things could happen, these steps would have to be taken: The government would have to charge the party—before the Subversive Activities Control Board —with being a Russian agent. (The government did.) . The SACB would have to hold hearings to let the party answer the charges. (The board did and the hearings lasted months.) Then the board would have to rule the party was truly a Moscow tool. (It did.) s Still nothing could happen until the party sought through appeals to the courts to get the ruling declared invalid and the act itself ruled unconstitutional. (The party carried its fight to the courts.) In Courts for Years This whole chain of events began seven years ago, shortly after the 1950 act was passed. The case has now been in the courts for years, and it may take more years before there is a final decision from the Supreme Court. But if now, while the test of the 1950 act is pending, the government began doing some of the other things to the party called for by the 1954 act. the Communists might, and no doubt would do this: They might try. by legal arguments about persecution, to get the courts to throw out all the government has been trying to do under the 1950 law. The 1954 act in large part makes additions, or amendments, to the 1950 act. The government party. Nor could this writer find! has fought it safe to use only any other government agency cne of tnem - one wnich » ts it which had taken action under the! move against Communist-infU- 1954 act with the exception—ex plained lsjter— of the Justice Department. (rated unions. The government has started action—also before the SACB — by experience that tying herself j f , rnj| , ooking for larger doUar down to one boy—especially when that boy is possessive and selfish —is just plain shortsighted. The* danger is, of course, that a girl will get so used M the dull companionship of a stick-in-the- mud that she will marry one. She may end up" writing letters to columns like this complaining, ! "My husband never takes me any*But I might as well be talking 1 where." (AU BJcete mmpi, MBA Swvtee. Io«4 value of new orders this fall than last and a bit less than half expecting more new orders than in the first half of this year. Two OiUt of three think dollar Sales will be higher than a year ago and a half expect an increase this fall over last spring. But many note that price increases wilt make most of the difference. Better profits before taxes are anticipated by W per cent; small' And there's a reason: If the gov-j against two unions: the United ernment used the 1954 aqt against, Electrical, Radio and Machine the party it might get so tangled! Workers of America; and the In- up with what it is trying to do to | ternational Union of Mine, Mill the party under a previous act, j and Smelter Workers, passed in 1950, that all its long i But—even there the government efforts under the 1950 law might ; if, in knots. Before anything comes be wrecked. ! of its case against the two unions, in 1950 Congress passed the | the courts will have to uphold Communist Control . Act, which: what the SACB has already dona called for forcing the party to reg-, under the 1950 act. Ister as a Russian agent and re veal its membership. In addition, er ppof\ts by 23 per cent; and a continuation of first half 1987 levels by 34 per cent If the courts finally knock out the 1950 act, the SACB itself will be knocked out and anything it ruled now 'about the two union*' mentioned aJbov# woujftiVt count «nilwff,>. > tvi-T^T ^ '

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