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Edltorlol— Nothing Isolated Youth and Crime Statistics The other day an official of New York City's Youth Board decried what he described as public hysteria over a recent fiare-tm of youthful crimes- in the country's biggest city. He said the incidents were "isolated" in the sense that they bore no direct relation to one another, and indicated thereby that he did not believe they constituted evidence of a crime wave. He admitted the public should be made to grasp the seriousness of youthful criminal offenses—killings in these instances—but still felt that the newspapers had carried matters too far. Police officials in the city then reinforced this view by arguing that things were better than they had been a year ago, three years ago, and more than a decade back. Whatever may be the truth about this particular scries of crimes, there is nothing "isolated" about the statistics which show the almost uninterrupted growth — per centagewise — of youthful crime in the United States. To suggest that things are markedly better and that the newest New York outburst is an unfortunate departure from an improving trend is to cast a distorted light on the crime situation among the nation's youth. Times Herald, Csrrell, Iowa Monday, AO* 19, 19S7 Nobody Wants hysteria in dealing with this problem, and'actually there has' not been any', real sign of it in . New York or elsewhere. Most of the time there has been too much of the opposite commodity — public lethargy. A good many scientists seem to feel that what the American people need to demonstrate is a greater capacity for indignation than they customarily show. The crime problem has many sides. -It is deep laid. It will not solve itself.' And it will not be solved unless enough people get stirred up about it. Neither the press nor anybody else ought to have to apologize these days for proposing that something positive and comprehensive and lastingly, effective be done about juvenile crime in New York and every other corner of this land. Thoughts Thon hast not given water to the weary to drink, and thou ha.s with- holden bread from the fc hungry.— Job 22:7. There can be no Christianity where there is no charity.—Charles Colton. Vol la! U.S. Gathers Air Strength During Disarmament Talks By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON— (NEA)— Just in case the London disarmament talks fail and the U.S. is -still forced to maintain a strong, armed posture, America's prime defense will not be found weakened. In fact, while the disarmament talks have been grabbing the headlines, the Strategic Air Command has been quietly pushing programs which will bolster its deterrent strength. These developments were revealed during the recent convention of the Air Force Association. SAC is now well into planning for the day when it will receive its first shipment of intermediate- range ballistic missiles with ranges of 1,500 miles. "The day they deliver the first operational missile to us we will be prepared to use it." a SAC spokesman says. That date will be several years before the delivery of the 5,000- mile intercontinental missile. But even then manned bombers will still be an important part of SAC, it is believed. Phasing out the manned bombers and phasing long-range missiles Into SAC's mission, of course, is a precarious job, with an error one way or another likely to leave the country dangerously exposed. But j the job does not look as difficult as it was first thought to be. SAC's strategically placed bomber bases will be converted to missile bases. This will not require a great deal of physical change. Missiles will be delivered to bases via cargo aircraft so the long landing strips will still be needed. Larger storage areas may have to be added. The big problem emerging from this planning is the expected difficulty of holding in service the missile experts who will have to man these new weapons. This problem will be greater than SAC's present headache of trying to keep its present crews in uniform. There will be more competition from industry for these missile experts. SAC's second vital program currently being pushed is the worldwide dispersal of its bases. This is being done on the assumption that the first strike by an enemy will be at SAC's planes and bases. NEAStrv' It also assumes that an enemy will not strike unless he believes he can wipe out America's deterrent force with that initial blow. If the enemy isn't positive that he can do this, he knows that at best he will be horribly wounded by what's left of the U.S. retailia- tory or deterrent force. So he isn't likely to attack in the first place. This concept also assumes that one enemy bomb can wipe out one U.S. base and all its planes. If a full wing is located on one base it could be wiped out, theoretically, by one bomb. But if a wing has its three squadrons dispersed on three separate bases it becomes three times as difficult for the enemy to wipe out a full wing. In other words, by putting the same number of planes on more bases the value of each plane is greatly enhanced. Actually, if the number of SAC bases is doubled, it becomes more than twice as difficult for the enemy to wipe out SAC's retaliatory ability. This Same theory applies to the day when intercontinental missiles are the opposing weapons. But the need for the original enemy striking force is dispersed, because missiles are not as accurate as planes. In other words an enemy would have to plan on shooting four missiles to wipe out one base, perhaps. So if the number of bases which wil be targets is doubled, the number of missiles an enemy must have to be sure of wiping them out would be quadrupled. The actual figures on the new bases SAC is dispersing to is a secret, of course. The final major effort of SAC at this time is the incorporation of new jet KC-135 tankers into its refueling system. The first of these huge flying gas tanks are just being delivered to SAC and crews are being checked out in them. The KC-135s will give the new B-52 bombers real intercontinental capabilities. They will permit the B-52s to take on fuel without slowing down and without dropping down from the cruising altitude. The speed which the KC-l35s add to the mission of a B-52 is considerable. And every minute willl count If the big shoot starts. matter to make a diagnosis or to! outline successful treatment. Q—I am a teen-age girl and am much troubled by dark circles under my eyes. I get plenty of sleep, j How can I remedy this?—J. C. A—It is believed that there are! a number of people who have thin! skin under then eyes and that therefore the blood vessels show through and create the appearance of dark circles. This is probably! By MRS. MURIEL LAWRENCE an inborn quality which is not: Under psychoanalysis a nervous, amenable to treatment. I should I self-distrustful woman recalled a think that appropriate cosmetics! certain childhood experience, would be the answer. I For her sixth birthday she was Q-I have.had peculiar recurring « iven a coral P' n - she loved u - 0ne 7%e/Ptafote fkmt A Child Cannot Explain Her Acts of 'Selfishness' attacks which seem to be quite puzzling. First my eyes feel pinched together and uncomfortable and then my face. After this I begin to swell. Ice bags help but the swell- ! tw ° days , . ing lasts some time and the last! The P atlent - rellv ,»ng thls P ainful attack was the worst. Can you ex .! memory 30 years later, told her day her mother asked to borrow it. The child said no. Outraged, the mother called her a "selfish brat" and refused to speak to her for Brutal Youth— rm m Gin We Reclaim Teen-Agers That *% We Have Put Behind Jail Bank (Third of Four Dispatches) By WARD CANNEL NEA Staff Corresponuent < J&LMIRA, N. Y. - (NEA) this is the town where Mark Twain died, convinced that the awful truth about life was despair. This is the town where many of New York City's convicted juvenile thugs are sent for classification, some of them to remain to serve sentences. The old guard, patrolling the manicured lawn of the Elmira Reception Center and Reformatory, said bitterly: "When I signed on as a guard inside here 35 years ago, it was all silence and file. Today it's a play house. Those gang kids in there wouldn't think twice about beating up a cop. But you lay a hand on them and it's your job." Inside, behind gate after barred gate, is a clear view of the crisis in New York's — and America's— correctional system. Overflow of Youth Every cell is filled. Iron bedsteads line the corridors to hold the overflow of young offenders— 1? per cent more this year than last. These are some of our 16-to-21 age group who have come to pay an uncertain price for their lethal defiance of conscience, law and human life. The remainder who are not in other correctional institutions still roam the city streets with their knives, razor blades, bats, guns, whips, belts, chains. With most prisons desperately overcrowded with young lums, judges must think about handing down a jail sen r tence. And so the youthful offender, full of deadly high spirits, stands a better" than even chance of getting off with a reprimand in the custody of his parents. Most Reclaimable Of all criminals, these grim children are usually considered by correctional experts to be the most reclaimable as useful citizens. On paper anyway. The facts, however, about any 100 young people in jail are: 1. At least 99 will be released after an average of 18.5 months. 2. At least 63 will be back again on another conviction. "It's hard to believe that the per capita crime rate will de- said Federal Prison Di- in view INSIDE ELMIRA REFORMATORY: Behind gate after barred gate, a clear view of the crisis in our correctional system. "It's a well designed he said. "It represents hood- j experience, study twice F. 8 I * DR. JORDAN SAYS •y IDWIN P. JQKOAN. M.O., Written lor • NIA Service Hand Numbness in Night Is Common and Complex Numbness of the hands at night is both a common complaint and a rather complicated symptom.. v Q—I have had a great deal of trouble for the last several years with numbness of my hands when I wake up in the morning. Some- Daily Times-Herald Dally Except Sundays end Holiday* ~ The Herald Publishing Company By 5,05 West Fifth Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered as second-class matter at the f iost office at Carroll. Iowa, under he act ot March 3, 18k Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press ts entitled exclusively tp.tha use for Kpublio* tion of all the local news printed to this newspaper aa well as all AP dff patohes. «•:' Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By earrler boy^dellvgrj^per week • Carroll, .Aajplnin* Counties. !>. times this is so uncomfortable that it wakes me from a sound sleep. What can be done for it?—L. T. A—Probably the most common cause of this uncomfortable sensation is sleeping with the arms over the head. Apparently thi* habit results in pressure on some of the nerves in the armpit or the blood vessels in that area and may be relieved by changing the position of sleeping. It may be necessary to fasten the arms to the lower part of the body in some loose fashion. But there are other varieties of numbness, some of which are limited to one* side of the hand or the other, depending on which of two principal nerves appear to be pressed upon or otherwise irritated during sleep, Sometimes these nighttime sensations, are, the .result of a disorder <n the/ neck region resulting in pressure on some of the nerves passing down the'arms. Some persons whose occupations demand repeated motions of the l doctor, "My mother had a habit of giving things away. Or losing : them. I feared that she would give ; away or lose my pin. So I didn't j refuse it because 1 was selfish but | because I was afraid of her care! lessness. But 1 didn't dare tell her ! I thought her careless. I didn't i dare even know I thought it/ Her ! misjudgment of me that day founded my family reputation for 'sel- ...HL i M.UUIU bujt-j fjshness'-the problem of my life." ahergy specialist be I , re p ort this story (or a Mrs M who dislikes a recent column of mine about a mother who loaned a daughter's radio to a younger child without its owner's permission. When the daughter objected, she too was called "selfish." Writes Mrs. M., "Selfish is what plain this?—Mrs C B A— This sounds like a problem with what is called giant hives, giant urticaria or angioneurotic edema. It is considered to be an allergic disorder, but it is often difficult to find tho particular substance which brings on such an attack. It carries some hazards, particularly when it occurs around the face or neck, so that I should suggest that an consulted to see it the cause can be-found or, if not, what treatment you should take whenever you suffer an attack. Q—Is it possibi" to have a temperature of 108 and a pulse of 120 and live?—Reader A—It is for a short time. Such temperatures have been recorded with subsequent recovery of the patient. . the girl was. Why shouldn't the mother have said so?" Because such judgment is often misjudgment. Like the patient who was driven to psychoanalysis to recover her stolen innocence, children are unable to give us their true reasons for refusing to share a belonging. It is more dangerous to diagnose i crease,' the refusals as "selfishness" than ; rector James V. Bennett, it is to diagnose a physical disease we know nothing about. A child's development of unselfishness is spiritual growth and is not our responsibility. Our baby arrives here already containing his power to love precisely as an acorn arrives containing its power to become an oak tree. We did not endow him with , this power. It's not our business to' tnre€ of , ese direct its development. When we J >' oun * P 6 ^'?interfere in his spontaneous growth '• In tne offlces fortress," years of and building. It's a prison that needs the fewest number of supervisors and administrators per number of prisoners. But it's also the least susceptible to programming. This is the kind of prison where convicts do time." Sharp Indictment One of the sharpest indictments of the nation's correctional system comes in the breathless anger of Gen. Charles Brandon Booth of the Volunteers of America. From a lifetime of experience in volunteer prison work, Gen. Booth watched young convicts file into the Elmira Reformatory chapel. "Our economics are wrong," he said. "Take a young carpenter who has committed a crime. He prison and what does that leave you? I'll tell you: A bunch of kids who rush to shake hands with Frank Costello when he comes out of jail." This guard's opinion, once unpopular, is gaining ground. A New York psychiatrist (who carries an illegal switchblade knife when he walks city streets) put it this way from his experience with juveniles: "The best therapy for these anti-social kids is force. Rough j them up regularly. Let the police i use nightsticks on them. There : won't be any need to send them to I jail. They'll have lost their value to their gangs and to themselves." Sorry Lesson From the general secretary of the American Correctional Association, Edward Cass, comes the used to make $24 a day. But'here I lesson , o£ «cperience: of the increasing number of cars, great mobility of our youth, rising divorce rates, increasing group tensions and other contributing factors. "Projecting present trends. I estimate facilities will have to be found for 250,000 felony prisoners by 1976." Statistics show that one out of convicts will be na- SO THEY SAY i If (racketeer Johnny) Dio had one failing, it was the inability to %ay no to anybody. — Anthony Doria, former officer in United Auto Workers Union. I earnestly believe that Communist' infiltration into the Middle East is highly dangerous to the very existence of the Middle East as sovereign states. — President 1 1 Camille Chamoun of Lebanon. i of one of the into love by condemning him as i " on ,' s leading prison architects, "mean" and "selfish," we show LaPierre Litchfield, partner Clar- ourselves to be as foolish as we'd enc * Litchfield points with wry be to rail and scold the acorn for 1 P nde to blueprints of a new max- refusing to expand itself. , imum security prison for Leba- If parents feel it necessary to do < non ' God's work for Him, 1 can't see j ———————————— why they bother believing in Him. j Leonard Petersen his skill is worthless "It's worthless to his family who ] now needs charity. It's worthless to whomever he injured because he can't pay for his crime. And it's worse for society because we [ have to spend between $850 and I $1,600 a year to keep him jailed. ! "And we never teach him that 1 despite his imprisonment he owes ; society his living." I Problem Stated I In its most practical terms, the | problem of dealing with these "most reclaimable" criminals was stated by an Elmira guard: "Look at those cells. Radios. Pictures. Clean sheets. In a couple of years they'll have television. We're taking the fear out of When we're threatened by personal jeopardy or excited by a prison riot, we scream for action. Out of jeopardy and with our mind on other problems, we are cpntent to send criminals to jail and let them rot." The result is a nation badly in need of more prisons. And Federal Prison Director Bennett saying again and again: "Re-examination of America's outmoded correctional concepts is long overdue." And from prison architect Litchfield: "I'll make it even stronger. Either we change our approach or we'll have more correctional institutions than cemeteries." Next: Correction. I think I would remember (having an affair with party girl Francesca de Scaffa) but to my knowledge I never met the lady in my life.—Actor Clark Gable, on testimony made in criminal libel trial of Confidential magazine. As I moved into public life I was to find that what I had learned about people from my speculator days applied equally to other af- fairs.-rFinancier Bernard Baruch. Some people get so mad at their government they threaten to get out and vote. Remember Way Bock When Nineteen Seven— The firemen are circulating a paper to secure money to furnish their new hall, formerly the Modern Woodman room in the Kurtzhals building. Nineteen Seven- George Swallum was among the lucky ones from this county to receive a certificate from the state superintendent last Thursday. Nineteen Seven— 0. D. Mitts has gone to Hays, S. D., to visit his son Walter who is located on a claim, •Nineteen Seven— The Old. Settlers held their annual meeting on the'Coon River at Coon Rapids last Thursday and the gathering was fully up to the standard, of former years. 'Gov- Garst presided as president of the day. Judge Conner of Denison spoke. Officers elected for the en Q—How many chemical elements are known? A—Discovery of Element 102 — the 10th and newest snythetic element of the atomic age — has been announced. The new element has the proposed name of Nobelium, after the Nobel Institute for Physics. Q —How close to the South Pole did the explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton get in 1909? A— Within 97 miles. Storms and a food shortage forced the party to turn back. Q— How many states border on Mexico? A—Four — California, Arizona. New Mexico, and Texas. Q—What chemical, sometimes found in drinking water, seems to prevent tooth decay? A—Fluorine. Q— How did the expression "laugh up one's sleeve" originate? A— It started In the 16th century when people dressed in clothes with wide sleeves, particularly in the royal court. To hide offensive laughing, they would put the whole! sleeve over their heads. I Attends Conference On Campus at Ames (Time* Herald N«w» 8*rrtf«> WESTSIDE — Leonard Petersen left Tuesday morning for Ames ! where he attended a two-day con- By the time it's coof enough to ference and school for school sec- get down to work these days it's retaries.* time to go to bed. A king can do no wrong except when someone holds an ace. and also her uncle, Elmer Petersen. Mr. and Mrs. Donald Hargens and family of Atlantic, and Mr. and Mrs. Henry Kroeger, were dinner guests Sunday in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Kroeger and family. Additional afternoon visitors were Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Hansen and Carol Ann of Manning and Mrs. Melvin Wilken and Marcia. Love has been called a lot of things but it always remains just one silly thing after another. A girl marries a fellow to lean on his strong arm and sometimes winds up sitting on his neck. Wouldn't it be fun to be in all Mr. and Mrs. Don Jenkins of Omaha spent Saturday and Sunday in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Ed and Mrs Saturday evening dinner guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Wiebers were Mr. and Mrs. William Johnson and family of Omaha and Mr. and Mrs. Ben Bledscoe of; vennink and Mr. Denison and August Wiebers. i schuman. Sunday, Mr. and Mrs. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Terona- ( Vennink and Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins witz and daughters of Trenton, j visited in the home of Mr. and N. J. are visiting in the home ofj Mrs. Will Schweisco of Denison. Mrs. Teronawitz's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Otto Kroeger of Vail. of the Places summer post cards ^^^J^^^ in her Two Lake City Families Vacation In Ontario, Canada "wish you were here"? A popular person is one who enjoys being bored. Lots of stenographers halt dictation because they're spellbound. A smile a minute is the speed that makes everybody feel happier. Every young man dreads time when he'll become old useful. the and Woman Must- Organize to Be Ready for Emergencies The woman who has the best time in life — other things being equal — is the woman who is prepared for the unexpected.^ Such a woman doesn't have to turn down an invitation to go on a hurry-up business trip with her husband because she "hasn't a thing to wear." She keeps her wardrobe up and in repair. She can win a reputation as a gracious hostess because she keeps a pantry shelf stocked for an impromptu meal. That lets her back up her husbands "Why don't we all go over to our house?" invita- know well in advance when she is going to spend an evening out. Always Prepared And she keeps up with her own work and obligations so that an emergency doesn't throw her completely off balance. Being prepared for the unexpected — actually nothing more than being well-organized — gives a woman's life and personality flexibility. She can take advantage of opportunities and meet unexpected demand*, on her time and energy without panic. Whenever you wonder how a j Kroeger. | Mr. and Mrs. Alvin Ehlers and , family of Clinton arrived Tuesday i for a week's visit in the home of : Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Snyder of ; Westside and Mr. and Mrs. Arthur i Ehlers of Arcadia. The Otto Vetter family held a ; picnic Sunday at Graharr Park in Carroll. Those attending were Mr. and Mrs. Emil Schmidt and sons and Mr. and Mrs. Otto Vetter, Westside; Mr. and Mrs. Art Bran- j ning and family, Mr. and Mrs. 1 Earl Borkowski and -family, Carroll; Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Reis- I sen and family, Vail; Mr. and Mrs. Rayrrtond Vetter and family, and Mrs. Dave Dalgetty and family of Manning. Mr. and Mrs. Glen Lightfield of Waterloo visited from Thursday i until Sunday in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Ed Vennink and family. Mrs. Lightfield and Mrs. Vennink are sisters. Saturday afternoon Mrs. Henry Wilken entertained the Jolly Six home. At cards. Mrs. Wilken received the high score prize and Mrs. Frank Schelldorf, second high. The hostess served refreshments. In two weeks, Mrs. Schelldorf will entertain in her home. B. E. Von Glan attended a con (Times Herald News Servtee) LAKE CITY — Mr. and Mrs, Robert Gass and family are spending two weeks at Larssbn's Camp, One-Sided Lake, Ontario, Canada. Also vacationing in Canada are Dr. and Mrs. Glen Rost and sons. Mrs. Louie Hodgin, who hat been visiting here, returned Fri- Louis I dya to ner ^ ome in Mound City, Mo., accompanied by her brother, Alfred Gillilland of Lake City. Mr. and Mrs. Ben Johnson have as their guests this month their daughter, Mrs. Joseph Sudano, and Barbara Ann, of Toledo, Ohio. Guest of Dr. and Mrs. M. J. McVay is Dr. McVay's sister, Mrs. E. C. Giberson of Lincoln, Neb. Mr. and Mrs. Lelan Clark have returned from a week in the Black Hills. . .. ,. - Harold Laumbach, Jr., of Ro- a-eryation commissioners meeting chelle Park New at Denison Thursday evening. The two contestants for the "Queen of Jersey, spent the weekend here with his uncle A and aunt. Mr. and Mrs. J. T. contest were selected • uumbach. i w-.i •yypndal Johnston is spending six weeks at the Iowa State College camp for civil engineering Lu Ann Kroeger is visiting in students near Wirt, Minn, the home of Mr. and Mrs. Donald; Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Whipple the Furrow and both girls, from Vail, Sylvia, Baker and Helen Petersen, are Ar-! We-Va students. j Hargens and family of Atlantic. Sunday afternoon callers in the and daughter, Betty Jean, of Cedar Rapids are spending two were Mrs. Gene Lydlle of Persia. Mrs. Emma Oicrich of Council Bluffs and Miss Emma Olaf of Missouri Valley Mrs. Leonard Fetersen accompanied her sister-in-law, Mrs. Norbert Kaspersen, of Carroll to An- tions with real enthusiasm. _ ..... If she has small children she has w,oman always seems able to rrweti Sandra, Mrs. rreo, Mumm, Steven a list of competent sitters so that any emergency; you can be pretty] Gail, Mrs. Merlin Roster- unexpected Invitations can be ac- sure it is because she has organ-! mundt, Mona and Monica. In the cepted. The woman who depends feed-her life to miet the unvfcieyaning Cynthia's grandparents, oh just one sitter always has to'pecEed. ; ; .Mr; and' :Mrs. Alfred Kaspersen (AU RUhte reserved, NEA Service, inc.) I Mrs, Clara Petersen, visited, Mr. and Mrs. David Freese * en ? Frida y w t» ere the >' attended spent Sunday at Storm Lake. In j a short course :n cooking, the .afternoon they attended the wedding of Joyce Redenbaugh of Storm Lake to Eric Radke of Aurelia, in the Baptist Church at Storm Lake. In the evening, they attended a picnic at Petersen, in the home* of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Pingle. Mrs. Leonard Petersen entertained a few friends in their home Saturday afternoon, in observance of Cynthia's birthday. Guests were Mrs. Dean Price. Jackie and home of Mr. and Mrs. Eddie Linde \ weeks with relatives in Lake City " " and Auburn. Mrs. Whipple is the former Dorothy Jean Dunn of Lake City. Back from a week in the Ozarks are Misses Betty Hansen, Lake City; Katie and Lulu Belle Breidert. Lidderdale; and Lois iBode. Courtland, Minn. | Mrs. James Cooley, the former j Florence DeSart, was honored l Friday evening, Aug. 9, at a mis- jcellaneous shower in the parlort of the Baptist church here. Hostesses were Mrs. Myrle DeSart, Mrs. Paul McClelland, Mrs. Lee Heath. Miss Fayne Strand, and Mrs. Jay Boyd of Churdan, Decorations were in pink and white. Three of Mrs. Cooley's nieces assisted as follows: Mrs. Gene Hers rold of Granger poured; Miss Phyllis DeSart was at the 4gift table, "and Miss Myrleen DeSart had the guest book. /? Mr. and Mrs. WarrenTpSit|iin^( have as their gueit thj|f .^^fe end Mr, Townsen4 ^:^ls ^i |pi| H. A. Lowe, "of:l;Ipm(|i Mino..- the forrna )r;|^p^| ESCAPE WELL GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. itfV-A nearby Sparta farmer has solved a problem of a tornado shelter by pumping an old cistern dry and converting it into a safe underground place for tornado weather. Lyle Anderson said the project didn't cost a cent. He pumped the cistern dry with a fruit spray rig and stocked it with drinking water, . blankets, tins of farm and personal records plus a transistor radio. Chewing gum factories ought to give stenographers birthday presents.