Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on August 16, 1957 · Page 8
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August 16, 1957

Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 8

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Carroll, Iowa
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Friday, August 16, 1957
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America Has a Big Job Of Selling Itself Abroad It is not a new story that America is misunderstood and disliked in some parts of the globe. But it is always somewhat disheartening to learn to what limits these attitudes go in certain countries. Recently the National Broad- easting Company presented a filmed television program called "As Others See Us," drawing Interviews with ordinary citizens in many lands around the world. Opinions about America, often strikingly negative, ranged all over the lot. Most astonishing were those in India. < Though India is notorious for hostile attitudes toward America, few can fail to be shocked at the extremes of views revealed. According to NBC reporter Joe Michaels, many Indians are firmly convinced that the widespread outbreak of so-called Asiatic influenza are the result of American H- bomb experiments. .... Such a distortion obviously is the work of the Communist propagandists in Asia. To us it is utterly fantastic. But we cannot laugh oft the fact that many people accept the story as true. Naturally such belief reflects ignorance—both of the scientific aspect of the H-bomb experiments and of American attitudes. But unhappily, it also shows a far too great readiness on the part of the Indians to believe the worst of the United States. We can never be complacent Times Herald, Carroll, Iowa Friday, Aug. 16, 1957 about such disfavor. It is well for us to be constantly re-examining not only our policies but official and general behavior toward the countries we deal with. But in India's case there is reason to believe that the official attitudes outspokenly expressed by Prime Minister NehrU, Krishna Menon and other leaders have tended to foster intense dislike of us' rather than to encourage real understanding of this country. For aU its shortcomings, America is not the evil place many Indians make it out to be. On the contrary, it is still the world's greatest citadel of freedom, with vast material and spiritual accomplishment to show the world as the fruits of that liberty. It is not only our job but the task of responsible Indian leaders as well to see that the citizens of that populous country gain a true portrait of the nation which, more than any other, demonstrates the promise and the fulfillment of freedom. Thoughts Thou didst say, Woe Is me now! for the Lord hath added grief to my sorrow; I fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest.— Jeremiah 45:3. The more tender our spirits are made by religion, the more ready we are to let in grief. — Jeremy Taylor. Capital's Traffic Manners Indicate Irritable Moods By DOUGLAS LA*RSEN NEA Staff Correspondent ! WASHINGTON - (NEA) - The mood of the traffic down Connecticut Ave. during the morning rush to work is a good indicator of the current temper here. For the past several weeks it has been vicious. And it's getting worse. At its upper end, Connecticut taps the pleasant, modest community of Kensington, Md., where thousands of middle • income government workers live. Just outside the District of Columbia the avenue gets the load from Chevy Chase. This influx includes the top- level civil service workers, government officials, several Cabinet members, congressmen, senators and some judges. Inside the , District the avenue picks up everything from the big shots who live in the fancy new apartments, to the lowest level of government workers residing in the grubby, crowded, hot, older sections of Washington. Thus, by the time this main traf fic artery is swollen with its full load, there's every breed of public servant from every branch of the federal government in the wild race to give the American taxpayer a fuH day's work. During many periods, when the reading on the crisis thermometer is around normal, the ride down Connecticut can be pleasant. The crowded car-poolers look out of the windows of their 1950 cars at the chauffeur-driven cabinet officers with more interest than envy. The congressmen and senators beep a friendly hail to each other regardless of party. The honking is not hateful. The facing away from stoplights is not murderous. Once in a while a Creed for the Atom .•.Mii- driver will give another* a break on a turn. But there hasn't been a friendly traffic gesture made on Connecticut Ave. in more than a month and there are plenty of reasons why. In the first place, Congress should either be out of town or about to wind up its business by this time. But the civil rights fight is keeping lawmakers in the city and that is making nobody happy, including them. And there's nothing humorous or entertaining about this issue, either, to relieve the strain and bitterness of the whole debate. Accompanying the civil rights fight on Capitol Hill is a big economy drive. And if there's anything that'll make the morning Connecticut Ave. drivers jittery and ill- tempered it's this. They can't even think of gardening and baseball without irritation. A murderous drought has turned the greenest thumbs into parched brown. Neighboring farmers have been hit a terrible blow. Only the crab grass is thriving under the shortage of rain.' Home run slugging Roy Sievers is doing his best to give the gov ernment,workers something to talk about now that the Senators are out of the cellar. And he's succeeding very well. But there's the suspicion that the real force behind Roy's vicious cuts at the ball these days is his irritation with what's going on in town, too. As a matter of fact, it might be •a good idea if manager Cookie Lavagetto made each member of the team drive down Connecticut Ave. to batting practice every morning when they're in town. It would put some fight into the club. with this condition die within the first year of life. Because of its nature, early diagnosis is easy. The treatment, if that is possible, is by surgery. Another question which probably involves surgery comes from a grandmother who says that her grandchild is normal and healthy in every way except that he was born with his ears lopped. One's appearance in life is extremely important so that in a situation of this sort one would have to consider the possibility of plastic surgery to improve the appearance of the ears. Now to a common parental problem. Mrs. W. says that her 14-year-old son has a habit of contracting the muscles in his jaw and neck and moving his shoulders about. She wonders if this could be a sign of something serious. Children often develop twitches of this kind. They are called tics, or habit spasms, and do not carry any dangers to life or health. However, they sometimes persist into adult life so that an effort should be made with medical assistance to try to get rid of this type of twitching. If Mom Gripes Over Jobs, No Wonder Norma Does * DR. JORDAN SAYS * »y fDWIN P. JOHDAN, M.D., Written tor NIA Service All Healthy Youngsters Protest Going to Bed The parents of small children often have similar problems and I am sure many readers will recognize one asked by a distracted mother. She writes that she has two small children who seem to be healthy, but she has great trouble" is getting them to bed at night and keeping them there. They protest at being,sent to bed, and once they get there they usually climb out two or three times or disturb their parents by Daily Times Herald Dally Except Sundays and Holidays By The Herald PublUhing Company 105 W«tt ruth Street CarroU, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered aisecond-class matter at the B oat office at Carroll, lpwe, under ie act of March i, 1879. Member of the Associated Press The, Aseoplated Press U entitled exclusively to the use for republication of an the local n«w« printed in thU newspaper as weU as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City * Subscription Rates By carrier toyifUwrypw week I 48 CarroU, AdJoWin* (Bounties . per ..year . ^j 0i00 1.2S Ou U0 asking for a glass of water, or the like. I have never known of a healthy youngster who did not behave in this way. I suppose a child is afraid of missing something and perhaps also wants to make sure of the love, attention and affection of its parents. It is true that by threats and cajolery most children can be put to bed at approximately the time the parents think they should go. Once in a while the child will be good as gold about this if Christmas is coming or some other favor expected. Parents should decide on a pretty definite routine of going to bed for their youngsters and should try to stick with it.'If the child thinks that bed at 8 p. m., for example, is inevitable he will usually accept it. On the other hand, if the youngster thinks he can get around the parents and have a later time for bed-going and get away with it, he will surely try. Another problem which is not a common one comes from Mrs, M. D. She asks for a discussion of spina bifida. This is a congenital anomaly or defect in one of the vertebrae of the back. The contents of the spinal canal may protude through the involved area ,with serious affects, It is spid to^ occur in ;*bout one*;% i,0QQ Mrthsr but a high proportion oi Infants born SO THEY SAY If that man who knows so much about my business will offer me a million dollars to sell out, he is going to make a sale in a hurry. — President Eisenhower, on news reports he's worth about one million dollars. I believe the machines helped the rain along. But it's hard to tell. — Rainmaker Wallace Howell, on showers that fell over drought-stricken Massachusetts. By MRS. MURIEL LAWRENCE Our 12-year-old Norma's Saturday morning chore is collecting soiled linen for the laundry. . She performs it slowly and reluctantly. Often we come on her sprawled on a stripped bed with a comic, soiled sheets and pillow slips heaped beside her. With exasperation, we say, "All worn out, are you? How would you like to be me? I'm so tired I could hardly crawl upstairs—and I've still got vacuuming to do and lunch to get before I can sit down. But someday, Miss Worn Out, you'll have the responsibility!" Will Norma take it someday? I can't imagine why she'd want to. Nor will you if you'll listen again to what we've told her. We've told her that grownup responsibility is a crushing burden. We've told her we find our adult work as a homemaker intolerably unrewarding. How, with this revelation of our resentment of responsibility, can we expect Norma to want any? How can we expect her to want to be anything but a perpetual baby I won't approve anything that would raise defonse costs one dollar in the frame of mind I'm in now. — Defense Secretary Charles E. Wilson. The people suffered a real defeat (in Senate adoption of jury trial amendment to civil rights bill). — Sen. Paul H. Douglas (D III.). whom other people serve? The answer to the problem of a chore-resisting child is our acceptance of part of his chore. Right beside our comic-reading daughter we demonstrate our acceptance of responsibility. Without any criticism for her at all, we gather up the soiled linen next to her saying, "I'll put these in the hamper for you while you strip the other beds." Today we Hear a great deal about making children "responsible." We forget that the root meaning is "response." A child's sense of responsibility is his "response" to our attitude toward work. For some curious reason, parents often feel a deep resistance to the idea of helping children with chores. Their training has somehow left them with the impression that such help is indulgent and weak- minded. In this case begrudgement of cooperation wifh Norma, we have the cause of her bad "response" to cooperation with us. To understand this is to be freed into action on these frustrating occasions. Brutal Yourh- The Why Behind the Terror HOSPITAL AUXILIARY MEETS (Time* Herald .New* Service) MANNING — The Manning Hospital Auxiliary met Monday with Mrs. Albert Jensen. Lunch was served following an afternoon of sewing. Remember Way Back When Nineteen Forty-Seven— Duane Young and Glenn Lockhart, who attended junior high camp at Springbrook Park, gave reports on camp activities to members of the Youth Fellowship of the Methodist Church at a meeting last night on the lawn of the Carl Bauerle home. Nineteen Forty-Seven— Sr. M. Zelma, principal of St. Angela Academy the last three years, was given a farewell party by her former students in the. academy auditorium last night. Sr. Zelma had taught in the academy three years before she became principal. She will teach next year at Aquinas High School, LaCrosse. Wis. Sr. M. Baptiste of West Point will be her successor here. Nineteen Forty-Seven— Darlene Jung entertained seven guests at a 1 o'clock luncheon at the Burke hotel yesterday in honor of Suzy Phipps of Maryville, Mo., formerly of Carroll, who is visiting Mrs. W, E. Bates. Nineteen Forty-Seven— A hay rack and load of oats bundles belonging to Will Bowie, farmer living about three miles n rohotfteeow wny« V4 V* . north of town, were destroyed by firs yesterday afternoon. Mr. Bowie estimated his loss at 1300. for the rack and running gear and $75 for the oats. Q — How many Hungarian refugees are there in this country? A—About 35,000. Q — How many, people so. far have received the full dose — three shots—of Salk polio vaccine? A—In the 18 months ended July 1, 1957, 20,200,000 people, mostly children. Q — How much does It cost to fly President Eisenhower's four- engined plane, Columbine III? A—$348 an hour. Q — What is chlorpromasine? A — A relaxing drug widely used to ease tensions in the mentally disturbed. Q—What is a dropsonde? A — A small airborne weather device used by the USAF Air Weather Service. Dropped by parachute from a plane, the instrument automatically takes readings of temperature, air pressure and humidity and radios ithe information back to the plane. Visit Relatives In Milwaukee (Time* Herald Newi Service) RALSTON—Mr. and Mrs. Myron Gregory, Jo Anne and Linda visited an uncle and aunt. Mr. and Mrs. Paul Nelson, in Milwaukee from Wednesday until Saturday. Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Lightfield, Ronald and Randy, of Waterloo called in the Henry Steckelberg home Thursday. They were en route to Woodside for a visit with relatives. Mrs. Lightfield is a sister of Mrs. Steckelberg. Mrs. Inez Hargett took last week off from her duties at the telephone office. Betty Wever substituted for her. Mrs. Emma Blackley visited from Monday until Friday in the Alva Moorman home at Boone. Mr. and Mrs. Moorman brought her home Friday. The Rev. and Mrs. Philip Brown, Martha, Stanley and Phoebe, were visitors from Wednesday until Sunday morning in the Charles Linn home and with other relatives here and at Glidden. They left Sunday morning for Sacred Heart, Minn,, to visit in the home of their son, Robert Brown, and family- A Four-Part Series by a reporter who has had a firsthand brush with teen terror, walked with cops on beats where .teen gangs, lark, stud- led the menace with youth authorities and experts Inside prison walls. By WARD CANNEL i NEA Staff Correspondent NEW YORK—(NEA)—"The man who walks New York's streets at night is either a fool or a criminal." These are the words of a veteran city reporter and the sentiment of most law enforcement people. New York is in the grip of a real terror as wild teen-agers—in gangs or in two's and three's— roam the streets attacking each other and passersby without provocation. There is hardly anybody In this city of eight million who has not been attacked or does not know someone who has been attacked. Attacked In Open I was pushed around by a couple of young thugs on brightly- lighted, heavily-traveled Lexington Avenue. I escaped serious injury only because I was lucky enough to find an opening in the moving traffic. • But a man who works less than 50 feet away from me was less lucky. Three young hoods in his Brooklyn neighborhood jumped him from behind, beat him, kicked him in the head, took the two dollars he was carrying and fled. His story is not unusual. This kind of savage assault is reported over and over on police blotters and the pages of local papers. No neighborhood is safer than any other. Neither age nor sex, time nor health is any security against this constant threat. Nor is money or personal revenge always the motive. , How Boy Was Killed Here, for example, is the way Michael Farmer was killed—as far as police have been able to reconstruct the senseless and vicious crime: Seventeen boys — ranging in age from 14 to 18 — came upon Farmer and a friend near a public swimming pool in the Washington Heights neighborhood. The gang was armed with broomsticks, knives, machetes, belts and bare hands. Farmer's life ended with severe clubbing, belting, pummeling and repeated stabbings "about the back, chest and limbs." His friend, stabbed twice in the chest, is still in highly critical condition at a hospital. There was nothing new, unique or unusually vicious about Farmer's death in the annals of today's terror. The inhuman horror lies in the fact that Farmer was a polio-crippled, 15-year-old boy. Many Never Reported Many of the muggings, beatings, gang assaults never get reported in the daily papers: Metropolitan New York is very large and there is other news to be told. But here is a small sampling of one recent week's rampage by some of this 1 " A * TEENS IN TROUBLE: A detective herds youthful gang members from a police van in New York after a teen-age slaying. city's youth: The son of a city policeman was caught between two warring gangs and beaten and kicked to death. An elderly man and his son were beaten and robbed by a 16- year-old boy who later smashed the getaway car and injured three detectives who tried to subdue him. A 71-year-old woman was ambushed in her apartment house stairs, slammed against the wall and robbed by three young boys. A young man was knifed and beaten and left to bleed in a gutter by several hoys who, police said, were defending the honor of their girl friends. An 18 - year - old reformatory alumnus held off police with a long knife after he had robbed a drugstore. After his arrest he admitted a long series of holdups. What's The Sense? What is the sense behind this brutality by the city's youth? What is the motive, the gain, the satisfaction? One answer comes from a 14- year-old boy who wanted "to get the feeling of a knife going through bone." It was this boy who drove his knife so bard into the back of crippled Michael Farmer that the blade tip almost reached the chest wall. For the most part, the reasons for this inhuman terror are stated by the terrorized. "Kids are like animals," one hears a man in a subway say. Or, "The trouble is in the family." Or, "Everybody's too concerned with making a buck, like the landlords . . ." Or, "We're taking away the fear of school and the police and we're paying for it." Fear Comes Through In the hodge-podge of desperately quick answers one feeling comes through sharp and clear: Fear. Metropolitan New York fears for its life, freedom and—deepest of all—the system of values that once worked so well and is now clutching at its own throat. It is not a pleasant sensation to walk down the streets of your neighborhood with the niggling fear at your neck that you may be jumped and beaten. It is sometimes terrifying to Wait for a subway or bus at a lonely station. And there is a panic that reaches out when you bail an empty taxi only to find that the driver is as frightened as you and will not pick up a fare in the area where you stand. And the inhumanity that has created this terror spreads itself easily among the "law abiding citizens." Two middle-aged women walking down a street on the outskirts of the metropolitan area see a gang of young men beating up a boy. "Please help me," the boy calls. "I don't know these people. Please help me." The two women quicken theif footsteps and hurry to reach the apparent safety of their own homes. Next: Controlling the problem. dhrtL WHIM Try New Things to Avoid Middle-Aged Doldrums "What have you been doing with yourself lately?" When your friends put that question to you, do you always answer, "Some old routine" or "Nothing very exciting"? They're the only answers a lot of women—especially middle-aged women—have for such a question. , But not Sue. Any time you run into Sue and ask her what.she has been up to lately you get an enthusiastic answer. Last winter she was enrolled In a university class designed to increase reading speed. Sue was all excited over that. "As much as i love to read," she explained, "I figured I might as well learn how to read as rap- pidly as possible.'' This summer Sue is taking swimming lessons. She. has been swim(AU Rishu reiem4t ming for years, but not with an easy, strong, powerful stroke. Now she is learning to swim all over again. Always Learning No telling what Sue will be learning this fall. But something, for sure. The fact that she is always eager to learn something new makes Sue seem youngor and more enthusiastic than most women her age. The fact that she isn't afraid to things on'her own gives her personality ^strength that is lacking in the woman who never dares to do anything alone Sue's answer to avoiding the middle-age doldrums*- is one any woman could follow. Ail it takes is the desire to keep learning and the determination not to fall into a dull routine, WBA 8«rvje#i HQS* French Open a Pandora's Box on Money By SAM DAWSON NEW YORK (^-France's tinkering with the value of its franc in foreign trade has opened up the whole Pandora's box of world currency troubles and blocked commerce. And it has brought some quick reaction today from both officials and civilian traders. 1. Washington officials gay there isn't a chance that the U; S. dollar will be revalued again—the last time that was' done legally was on Jan. 31, 1934, when the dollar was devalued sharply as an anti - depression measure. (Its market value has slipped badly fcince—but that's another matter, inflation). t. The British—in trouble them selves with a somewhat shaky pound and a widening trade gap- assure all and, sundry that they won't cut the pound's official rate. But they believe Germany should raise the value of the mark and thus give the British and French a better shake in the fight for world markets. I. West Germany 's economic minister, admitting that the mark is worth more now than the official rate, proposes instead that the U. S. call a world conference at which all currencies could he revalued. As a first step he favors pushing all currencies out into the cold world, of reality and letting supply and demand in the open market set their true values, 4. Foreign trade circles here doubt if the partial devaluation of the franc will have much effect on the two-way trade between this country and France — whatever turmoil it may cause among France's European neighbors. For trade and tourist purposes France has ^dropped the franc from its former official rate of 390 to the U. S. Dollar to 420 to the dollar, which is closer to the real, or black market, value, New York bankers looked this over for a day or so and have now set a going rate of exchange here of 416 2-3 francs to the dollar. The National Foreign Trade Council points out that "imports from the united States'have been rather rigorously controlled in any event and held for the most psjt to essentials/' It foresees 'little changt. Congress Not Likely to Act on FBI Files Ban By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON iff) - There's a good chance Congress—driving to go home—will quit without doing anything to limit the look a defendant can have at FBI files which contain information from a witness against him. The Eisenhower administration has pushed Congress for a law to do that since June. •The Supreme Court ruled then that a defendant in a federal trial must be allowed to see FBI secret file information when jt was sup plied by a government witness against him and bears on the testimony of the witness. Must Drop Case If the government doesn't want to do that, the court said, it must drop its case against the defend' ant. Atty. Gen. Brownell said this ruling created a grave emergency in law enforcement. Government prosecutors said they may have to abandon some cases for national security reasons to protect in formers and investigation techni ques, And this week FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover wrote the House Republican leader, Rep. Martin of Kent Luetje of Topeka Concludes Visit in This Area (Time* Herald New* Service) WESTSIDE - Kent Luetje of To, peka, Kan., visited Friday and Saturday in the home of.Mr. and-Mrs, Wilber Luetje. Kent, who spent the past two months in' the Wallace Jensea home; neat, Vail, returned to his'home at Topeka Tuesday. Mr. and Mrs. Tommy Brown and sons of Humboldt, Mr, and Mrs. William Sparks and family of.Og- den and Emmet Campbell of Denison were visitors Sunday In 0e Ear} Brown home,*.. (: Mr. and Mrs. Louie Gehlsen and family, Mrs.'Pauline Gehlsen' and Sandra, accompanied! by Reynold Gehlsen of Person; .Jirojpy- Staffers of Arcadia/and, Mri and-Mrs. Lyle Joens of Manning spent Sunday in the home of Mr. and Mrs, Ray Gehlsen and family of Og> den, Massachusetts, urging action. He said legislation to protect his files is vital and urgent. But the leader of the House Democrats, Speaker Sam Rayburn of Texas, said the same day, Monday, he wants no more controversial legislation brought up in the House this year. /There are bills to protect the FBI files in both House and Senate. And they^are controversial if only because not all members of Congress agree they're necessary. Others argue on how far the government should be allowed to go in withholding information from a man it puts on trial. Everyone agrees that when the government tries a man — and produces a witness against, him — the defendant under the constitutional guarantee of a fair trial has a right to show if he can that the witness is lyin^ or has a bad memory. . One Way to Do It One way to do that — if the witness gave the FBI information in written or recorded form — would be to compare what the witness said on the stand; with what he told the government. So this had been the procedure; A defense lawyer could ask the trial judge to look at what the FBI had in its files — from a witness who just testified — and then make available for inspection and possible use in evidence any part he thought might help the defendant disprove the witness" testimony. Thus the judge — not the defendant or his lawyer -? was the one who looked at the;flies and decided what might help the defendant contradict a witness. But on June 3 the Supreme Court ruled that the witness, not the judge, should get first look at the files. The court didn't say he could romp through the files, looking at everything, but only those ''relevant statements or reports. , , , of government witnesses touching the subject matter of their testimony' at the trial." . Here the court limited — or seemed to limit — the defendant's look at what was in the {lies. But tpjrne .have interpreted the court's decision as throwing the files wide open, >

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