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Editorial-— '• g; - - I L A Distinguished Life Marked Senator George The late Sen. Walter George was the kind of lawmaker who makes the American legislative system workable and effective. Inevitably, that system depends heavily upon a relatively few men of character and Intelligence. This handful soberly guides the Congress on a generally sane course, helps it to balance or cancel its errors, keeps it moving toward objectives despite its great inherent inertia. For many years George headed the important ^Senate Finance Committee^ which frames the na 8 Times Herald, Carroll, Iowa Friday, Au* 9, 1957 The Old Order Changeth . . . nouncements often had Important effect both at the White House and in foreign capitals. When he decided in 1956 not to run again, President Eisenhower gave recognition to his achieve ments in this field by making him a special ambassador to NATO. Though for long years he was less in the public eye, Senator George had the kind of sincerity and intellectual ' honesty that marked the legislative career of tion's tax laws. In this post he was! the late Senator Taft 'of Ohio. In a stalwart guardian of governmental fiscal responsibility. Basically a conservative, his opposition in the mid-1930's to some of Franklin D. Roosevelt's policies led the latter to attempt to purge George at the polls in 1938. The effort failed and George continued a Senate career that lasted 34 years. Despite F.D.R.'s action, George led the late president's campaign to gain congressional approval of the votal war-time lend-lease pro gram through which we aided our allies. Later in life, the senator turned his interest to foreign affairs and took the leadership of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. As chairman he was a strong advocate of bipartisanship in foreign policy. His personal pro- consequence he was held in high esteem by members of both parties. George never shied from bearing the heaviest burdens a legislator could assume. In performing so wonderfully well the difficult tasks he undertook on behalf of the American people, he earned their lasting respect and won for himself a place among the outstanding U.S. senators of this or any prior century. Thoughts I spake unto thee In thy prosperity; but thou saidst, I will not hear. This hath been thy manner from thy youth, that thou obeyest not my voice.—Jeremiah 22:21. No principle is more noble, as there is none more holy, than that of a true obedience.j-Henry Giles. Negroes Are Winners, Southerners Losers So Far in Civil Rights Fight Highway Safety Bills Passed UpbyCongressThisSession BY NUOE/K WEAPONS By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON uft—So far Negroes are the winners, Southerners the losers in the civil rights fight. The battle isn't over. It's reaching its critical stage. This is an ABC on the fight and what lies ahead. The bill passed by the House June 18 was a victory for Negroes, a defeat for the South. The Senate Wednesday night passed a toned-down version of the House bill. This too, was a Negro victory. Southerners could claim satisfaction from toning it down. But there will be no civil rights law at all—'vhich would be complete defeat for Negroes, complete victory fpr the South—unless the House and Senate compromise on a single bill which President Eisenhower is willing to sign. Veto Looms The House is unlikely to accept the Senate bill completely. If it does, Eisenhower will probably veto the bill because of a jury trial .requirement he says would be "most damaging to the entire federal judiciary." No one expects the House to in MCA Sffwicc, hie since the commission would have broad powers to examine discrimination and civil rights violations and report on them. Where They Differ This is where House and Senate bills differ: 1. The House would let the attorney general, in addition to voting rights cases, move into all kinds of civil rights violations. For example: School segregation. The Senate threw this out altogether. If the House insisted on retaining this provision—it's unlikely to — the Senate almost certainly would refuse. The result: No agreed-on bill and therefore no new law. 2. The House and Senate would both let the attorney general step in when voting rights were violated and ask a federal judge to order the violations stopped. This is more protection than Negroes have obtained from Congress in this century. But^Under the House bill anyone disobeying such a court order could be tried by a judge, without a jury, and jailed for civil contempt or criminal contempt. For I civil contempt he'd be jailed only sis\ on its own bill completely. If unt ii he complied. Under criminal By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) Congress appears to have lost interest /in trying to reduce the country's shocking traffic death rate. About 50 bills dealing with various aspects of highway safety have been introduced. One has become law. There's scant chance of the rest being acted on this session. The one new law creates a Congressional Medal of Honor for "acts of heroism involving any motor vehicle." It's now the job of the Interstate Commerce Commission to find such acts of heroism and present the award. Nice as it is to have such legislation on the books, it's not likely that the law will start slashing highway deaths, which run about 40,000 yearly. In fact, among all the, highway safety bills introduced this session, this measure has the potential of saving the least number of lives, according to traffic safety engineer*. A lot of steam was generated in Congress last year behind efforts to cut traffic fatalities. It looked like a promising field for corrective legislation. Several committees called up a lot of expert witnesses. And a lot of congressmen went to Detroit and other cities to watch safety demonstrations. The net result was a report by a Special Subcommittee on Traffic Safety of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce of the House, which states.in part: * "Even the experts' can only make guesses as to the parts that, speed, alcohol, driver age, skill and other factors play in traffic accidents. Research in driver behavior behind the wheel has been lacking in direction and depth. This gap must be filled before an adequate traffic safety program can be developed." Apparently it was this , discovery — that traffic safety is a complex field of human and mechanical engineering, with no panaceas — which cooled congressional enthusiasm for the^ubject. The House subcommittee which made the one report after the last session is still plugging hard at the problem, under the direction of Rep. Kenneth A. Roberts (D-Ala.). But there doesn't seem to be much interest by congressional leaders in the subject. Among bills languishing in committees is one introduced by Sen. Lyndon Johnson (D-Tex.). It Sexual instincts arise during adol- esence and should be discussed early and frankly with parents or physician. Accompaning these new sensations and awareness of the world are problems with which everybody has to wrestle to a greater or lesser degree. It is wise to allow every normal boy increasing freedom year by year, rather than to hold him in too tight control for several years and then put him entirely on his own. Many parents find such gradual adjustment to their growing 7%e/ttatkte fhtwt Win Arguments With Your Child Without Arguing By MRS. MURIEL LAWRENCE I Soon we can't ask her to do "Our 11-year-old girl gives me | anything without the angry ex an argument for everything I ask I pectation that she'll refuse' again— her to do," writes Mrs. P. "Last and deny us the reassurance that week when her little brother had a I we're a fine competent controller sons"difFcuVr to^accompli^h—buti cold, I had to ar.k her to get some; of children. Relationship between they should try. I oranges. She argued so long that j us and the child becomes a kind ' the store was closed when she i of secret wrestling match to see At any rate, the attitude of the, ... . . „. • | finally got there. How do I deal who's going to beat whom. In this ^L^\"l S P — with her' She iust gives me more; climate of mutual distrust. ^^."./"""T ' 11 1 de P endencue u3nd , stabl * ne 7 0fu S' ar g Um ent if I try to discuss this i cooperative action we wrench from would create an office of highway I system which all parents want for. f"^' ll,cm „ 3 w worthier any safety in the Department of i their sons. Heath, Education and Welfare and | i have an inquiry from Mrs her is worthless. habit I Mrs. P. might have said, '"All | Morally speaking, her cooperative I right, you stay here with brother j action is the business of her con I —and I'll run dowr to the store." it did, there would be no civil rights law this year. The Senate is certain to reject anything like that. The question.is: How much compromise by both houses? Both houses agree on this much in their two bills: Creation of a two-year commission, with power to subpoena witnesses, to study civil rights problems; and creation of a new civil rights division in the Justice Department with a new assistant attorney general to run it. Negroes consider this a gain contempt- he'd get a flat jail sen tence as punishment after it was too late to comply. The Senate agreed to the first part of that: It would let a judge by himself try and jail a man for civil contempt. But for criminal contempt the Senate insisted a man must be given a jury trial. Goes Far Beyond But the Senate went far beyond voting rights cases. It said anyone charged with criminal contempt in any kind of case in federal courts must be tried by a jury. This is the part Eisenhower particularly objects to. it would reduce the power federal judges have now to back up their orders by personally trying anyone charged with criminal contempt for disobeying their orders. But the Senate bill goes even further. It would affect every government regulatory agency—like tha National Labor Relations Board!, the Federal Communications Com. mission and many .others—which depend on court orders to back up its rulings. The real question of compromise between House and Senate seems to be right there: Will the Senate agree to drop the provision on jury trials for all criminal contempt cases? Or would it insist on retaining jury trials at least for criminal contempt cases in voting rights cases? Also would the House accept jury trials in voting rights cases? Another Question And one more question: If House and Senate agreed there should be jury trials for criminal contempt only in trying rights cases, would Eisenhower sign the bill? He had said he didn't want this provision in the bill. But if either bill became law- no matter what happened to federal judges' power or the operations of government regulatory agencies—it would be a victory for Negroes. The attorney general could still step in to help them and the judge would still have a lot of power under civil contempt charges to make individuals and communities think twice before Interfering with Negroes' voting rights. could have a far-reaching, benefi- j A. who wants to know where she M can o»t«ln information about sex; TWs action wouW have achievediwith us. ..J JLJ \ ? coordinate | for boys coming to manhood. She itnree good thinRS- lt would have ; Once we see clearly enough to says her hoy is 12. I think sne Jstopped tne ar4 , umen t. It would i trust it. freedom of action is re- would do best to write to the; have got tne oranges it wou ld have! stored to us. Bureau of Health Education. Am-! freed Mrs p from tne idea that In this independence of her re- Westside and Cork-oil Group Are Back from Wyoming <T)m*i Herald New« Serriee) WESTSIDE — Mr. and Mrs. Art Pahl, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Len Wessling and Judy of Carroll, have returned from a week's trip to Cheyenne, Wyo. They visited in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Art Pahl Jr. and Michael of Cheyanne and also attended "Frontier Days." On Sunday they visited in Guernsey with Mr. and Mrs. Ben Micola and also called on Harry Henrickson of Wahlen Dam. Mr. Henrickson joined the state efforts to cut accidents. It could provide leadership on basic safety research. There are several bills aimed at applying federal control to the type and quality of safety equipment used in cars. A bill introduced by Rep.' Charles Bennett (D-Fla.) would order the secretary of commerce to set up standards on such items as safety padding, lights, brakes and so on. Bennett's bill would make it possible to limit the , horsepower on cars. It would also permit the secretary of Commerce to order the installation of speed governors on all cars. Such legislation would only apply to cars made for interstate shipment. But it would force all car makers to observe the rules on all the cars they made. Rep. Abraham Multer (D-N.Y.) has introduced a series of bills on car safety. One of them would force manufacturers to give each new car a 100-mile road test before delivery to dealers. This measure is opposed by car manufacturers. Representative Multer also is in favor of forcing all states to adopt a uniform traffic code. He would make adoption of the code a requirement for receiving federal highway aid. This is opposed on the grounds that it violates states' rights. But traffic safety experts agree that adoption by all of the states of the proposed uniform code would save thousands of lives. Dearborn St., Chicago 10, 111., to obtain a list of booklets and books for adolescent boys. SO THEY SAY erican Medical^ Assn., 535 North j s "hVhas "to win "all arguments with ^ sistence is based our real control her arguer—and force cooperative j of her. action from her I She immediately senses with- This idea is usually the cause of j drawal of our pressure. She sees the arguing habit in children. I that we're after the oranges, not lt is an enslaving one. her submission. The energies she's So long as we think we must j been using for war with us are sud- ...... i force our arguer's cooperation, we j denly available for war within her- Tb /i verdict (against seven seg- j rema j n dependent on her. Our self-' self. She herself begins to find regationists) vindicates our con-| respect ls rooted not in wna) we fault with her refusal to help us. viction that many persons in east do but in what she does Naturally, The argument begins to take place Tennessee place observance of wnen sne re f uses compliance, we I within her own conscience law and order above what- resent ner i That . s where it belongs ever racial prejudice they may have. — Dr. Channing Tobias of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, on Knoxville trial. A jury in the hills of Tennessee has saved trial by jury. — Sen. Albert Gore (DTenn.), on Knoxville segregation trial. Tennessee has' always been one of the most advanced of the Southern states. — Sen. Paul Douglas (D-Itt.). * DR. JORDAN SAYS * By IOWIN P. JORDAN, M.D., * 4 A tK | By EDWIN J. JORDAN, M.D. A request has come from a reader who said she saw an article in one of these columns on adolescence In girls, but "what about boys?" Wrltttn far NBA Service It (embezzling $350,000) has been an anchor around my neck.] I feel better now that the break! has come. — Perry County, Indiana, Treasurer Carl C. Klesser after confessing embezzlement. Keeping your credit good costs a lot of money, but its worth it. The fellow who is doing things usually is too busy to talk about what he has done. A man may be down, but he's not really out until he's down in the mouth. Adolescent Boy Often Behoves in Erratic Manner Daily Times Herald Carroll, Iowa T^' JW 0N . Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Mat ottlea at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 3, isfo. ' Member of the Associated Press ~The Associated Prew la entitled exclusively to the uae for republication of all the local nawa Minted In thja newspaper at well «a all AP dle- oatchea. • • •; 1 Official Paper of County and City "' ^Subscription Rates By cirrtlr boy^vw^p«r we>k $ M CwrroHj 'Ad4oiAn *^wn"«K _» w wj\h»« in Jow« month- U W!« ,»*«, mr_ t>wa, month—. 12.00 1.40 16.00 1.90 The adolescent boy, between about 12-18, is no longer a small child or yet a man. Adolescence in boys cqmes somewhat later than Remember Way Bock When Q — Is the common oyster a pearl bearer? A — Although clams, common oysters, and other two-shelled mollusks all may sometimes grow pearls, most of our gem pearls come from "pear! oysters" which are found mainly • on America's Pacific Coast, off Northern Australia, in the East Indies, and in the Persian Gulf. Q — Who was Ann Hutchinson? A — A religious leader in colonial America. She was banished from Massachusetts, charged with "traducing the ministers and the ministry." Q — What is the Human epoch? tory of the earth during which man has lived. Q — Have all our presidents lived in the White House? A — Yes, all except George Washington. Q — Is the total alien population rising in the U.S.? A — The last census of aliens showed a total, of 2,833,832, up nearly 7.5 per cent from the pre vious year. When a person says that talk is cheap, ask him if he knows what a session of Congress costs. A New York couple have been married 75 years. If you think that's easy, just try it yourself. lt is the period In the his-' joy. (Rjuilt, Wdktt Nineteen Forty-Seven— Abel Schlorholti and Mrs. Laura Gaffney, who bought the Highway Cafe from Mr. and Mrs. Al Dts- in girls and brings similar but also rud. took possession of the estab- different problems. Boys, as will as their parents, should realize that this is a wholly normal stage of development. At adolescence a.boy has neither the experience nor maturity to solve many of his new problems satisfactorily alone. The result is often shown in erratic and peculiar behavior, especially at home. The adolescent boy needs the sympathy and understanding of his parents and he needs adult companionship too. This does not mean the companionship of his own age should be excluded because that is not right at any age. Peculiar behavior should be taken in stride and not too much made of occasional lapses from conventional manners. Such behavior providing the home lite has previously been satisfactory, will appear as maturity arrives, 1 There U no sharp dividing line between adolescence and. maturity. i lishment today. Nineteen Forty-Seven— Mrs. H. J. Hannasch of Carroll was elected president of the Iowa Rural Letter Carriers Auxiliary al the final meeting of the letter carriers' convention in Des Moines yesterday. Nineteen Forty-Seven— While most sports fans are worrying about major league baseball or how to keep cool, Coach Harold Sweet has announced that football practice will begin August 25. Nineteen Forty-Seven— Carroll Dally Times Herald carriers have organized a soitball team for recreation during nonworking hours. Players are Dick Renze, Gary Williams, Don Henrich, Bob Lamb, Dick Winnike, DarreU Korwes, Duane Thelen, Eugene Happe, Marvin Wittry, Dick Harrison and Wayne Heit- boff, manager. Widow Wants Friendship, Not Her Friend's Husband "Lady, I don't want your husband— just your friendship." A widow says she wishes she could convince her women friends of that. She writes: "Why will a friend or acquaintance suddenly develop a fear of a widow? One can know a friend for years and suddenly there is a coolness. Surely, if one has known a woman for years as a person of character and integrity that woman isn't going to turn into a siren just because she has lost her husband and is a woman alone. "A widow's loneliness is greater than she can express, and if she ever needs the loyalty and trust and affection of her friends it is when she is trying to build a new life for herself, "If a woman never showed other than a friendly interest, as a courtesy to her friend, in , her friend's husband, her attitude isn't going to change just because she is a widow. "The type pf woman who will make a play for a friend's hus- science—and has nothing to do j group at a picnic at Guernsey Lake Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Mumm and family were dinner guests and afternoon visitors in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Dixob and Cindy of Nemaha. Sunday visitors in the home of Mrs. Dora E. Kruse were Mr. and Mrs. Henry Passick of Des Moines, Mrs. Emma Duncan and Harry Wiese of Perry. Sunday afternoon they visited Mrs. Henrietta Peters of Arcadia, who is a medical patient in the St. Anthony Hospital at Carroll. Roger Nueburn of Eagle Grove was an overnight guest Friday in the home of Mr. and Mrs. B. E. Von Glon and sons. Mr. and Mrs. William Sparks and family of Ogden left Thursday after visiting several days in the Earl Brown home and with Mr. and Mrs. Frank Pacholke of Manilla. Mr. and Mrs. Don Jenkens of Omaha were weekend guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Louie Schuman. Karen Aschinger, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Manuel Aschinger, is spending several days in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Don Aschinger of Nemaha. Evening' dinner guests Friday evening in the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Dreessen were Wilbur, Arthur, Lloyd and Arlene Andersen of Kiron and their guests, Russell and Roy Sederberg, of Port Oregon, Wash. The Seder- bergs came for the funeral of their uncle, Addic Andersen. Kith and Kendall Von Glan left Monday by train for Iowa City, where they will visit their aunt and uncle, Mr. and Mrs. 6. W. Jennett, at Iowa City. Mr. and Mrs. Earl Oiler and Leslie of Omaha spent Sunday in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Art Pahl. Mrs. Len Wessling of Carroll and M?s. Dennis Trecker of Templeton . were also visitors of the Pahls. Mr. and Mrs. David Freeze were dinner guests and afternoon guests Sunday in the home of Mr. and Mrs, Jack Sharp of Storm Lake.* Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Brotherson drove to Atlantic Sunday, where they met Mr, and Mrs. John Kendall of Lenox and Mrs. William Kendall and Billie of Lincoln, Neb. Mrs. William Kendall and Billie accompanied Mr, and Mrs. Brotherson home for a week's visit, after spending some time in the John Kendall home, William Kendell is away on a business trip. David Mason spent the weekend at Redding with Jerry Ness, a recent accident victim. Mr. and Mrs. Willis Peterson and family attended service Sunday morning at the Methodist Church in Southland. A dedication service was held in behalf of memorial gifts, A itnemorial was dedicated J.n 'memoiy or M|s, J, Piterson, mother of WiUigi Petersen, Later, they attended a Petersen family plonle in the Imithland .?*rk. . . . Mr. and MM, Henry Peters of Uke View and son, Norman, ot Columbus, O., who is home on leave, visited Thursday evening in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Mason and family. Norman left Saturday for Ohio. Sandra Gehlsen spent last week in Omaha with friends. Reynold Hagge and Henry Hagge spent Monday in Omaha, where they had stock on the market. Mr. and Mrs. George McCoid and Ricky spent Saturday in Omaha, while Larry and Mickey McCoid visited in the Tobe McCoid home in Dow City. Vernon Sehroeder of Elgin, 111., visited Thursday evening in the home of Mr. and Mrs. William Jentzen and Billie. Mr. and Mrs. Carson Mendenhall and family of Conrad, Ind., visited Sunday afternoon in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Maynard Terrell. ' Mr. and Mrs. B. EJ Von Glon and sons attended a reunion of the Pattee family at St6rm Lake Sunday. Relatives gathered from parts of Iowa and Minnesota. Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Brother- .son and Clark and their guests, Mrs. William Kendall and Billie, of Lincoln, Neb., visited Sunday evening in the home of Mrs. W.H. Meyers of Lake View. Others who visited Mrs. Meyers were Mr. and Mrs. Jake Janssen of Carnarvon. The older you get the more you realize that you don't have much luck with anything you don't en- Judge Achievement Show in Manilla (Time* Herald N«wi Service) MANNING — Mrs. Albert Klocke and Mrs. Virgil Genzen went to Manilla Aug. 6 to judge a 4-H Achievement Show. Darlene Genzen has returned from the 4-H camp, where she acted as cabin counselor and was a hostess for two days, supervising activities during that time. Sandra McGrath and Diane Eischeid, junior demonstration team of the Manning 4-H Cadets, will be representatives of the club at the Clay County Fair, giving "A Tisket, a Tasket, who Needs a Basket." They Will also be guests, at one meeting of the Women's Night School during the fall. Mrs. G. Brandsma Has Guests from Westfield, N. J. (Tlnif* Herald New* Service) BREDA — Mr. and Mrs. Walter Brandsma and children of Westfield, N. J„ are visiting Mrs. Gabe Brandsma. Mrs. Fred Buse and daughter of Banning, Calif., are visiting at the Dr. T. H. Van Camp home. Gerald Rettenmaier left Tuesday for Omaha, where he was inducted into the army. He left from there for Fort Carson, Colo., for basic training. Banns of the approaching marriage 'of Bonnie Heisterkamp and Don Henrichs were announced at St. Bernard Church Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Art Woerdehoff entertained at a birthday party at their home Sunday, honoring their son, Arlan, on his 10th birthday. The time was spent playing baseball and games for prizes. Lunch was served at a table centered with two birthday cakes, one in honor pf Gene Stork, whose birthday was August 1. After lunch, Arlan opened his gifts. Guests with the above named were: Bruce Fee, John Forke, Tom Polking, James Oswald, Kenny Staiert, Joseph Bruening, Jimmy Determan, Ronnie Neumayer, Neil Stork; his brothers and sisters, Ronnie, Marty, Lanette and Donna; his grandfathers,' Ben Ricke and Louis Woerdehoff; and his aunt, Mrs. Gerhard Lammers. Mrs. Cloyce Messenger and children have returned to Glendale, Calif., after a three-week visit at the Conrad Schaefer home. band would have done so during her own husband's lifetime. Furthermore, the few husbands (and they are in the minority) .who think a widow is fair game are the type no wife can trust alone with any. woman. Just Friendship "No widow with common sense wants to infringe on her friends' privacy with their husb'ands. All the widow wants is to keep her old friends, occasionally to be invited to their homes, included in some of their parties -r not to be dropped completely from their lives. "According to statistics, today's wife has a good chance of being tomorrow's widow, Because so many women do outlive their husbands, 1, as a. woman already widowed, feel it is important to all women that women developfk greater sympathy and understanding of a widow's unfortunate position in life. "But Above all. 1 .wish widows, could convince wives that we don't want their husbands >r just their own loyal and continuing friendship/' (All Rights lesarvtd, NEA aervtoa, inc.) ALTAR BOYS* OUTING (Timed Herald .News Service) AUBURN—The altar boys of St. Mary's parish of Auburn and St. Mary's parish of Lake City and their pastors, Fr. Jerome Koenig and Fr, James Fandel spent Monday and Tuesday on an outing at Spirit Lake. The existence of languages can be dated back a million years or more, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. Money Troubles Come In Era of Record Good Times , By SAM DAWSON NEW YORK W-The French to-, day are having another money crisis. It comes in an era of almost unprecedented good times when you might think a money crisis unilkely. In the United States there's no money crisis but there are sizable money troubles — both for those managing a business and those managing a family, and also even for Uncle Sam. This also comes in an era of generally good times. The French franc has sort, of unofficially devaluated itself by dropping to the lowest point in five years on. the black market. ' The American dollar is in no danger whatsoever of devaluation and there is no black market. But its purchasing power is being slowly (and also unofficially) devalued by the rising cost of living fpr consumers and rising costs of doing business and running the government. In both countries those being hurt the most are much the same —small businessmen, small farmers, the' white collar workers, those on fixed incomes, Those seemingly hurt the least are the bigger businesses and those with strong unions. They find it easier to ride the wag*?j»rice spiral (at least for the time being) and to surmount the Ught credit, costlier money conditions which, it is hoped, will slow down inflation. In France the remedy they talk of trying is either official devaluation—which could prove to be dnly a sedative, not a cure—or austerity. Here the word austerity isn't heard and isn't likely to be. The nearest approach to it are. the words restraint—restraint by labor 1n asking higher wages, restraint by business in > raising prices—or higher interest rates. Higher costs chalked up this week in the United States include: Higher interest rates on government - guaranteed home mortgages, higher Interest charged by some banks on business loans, freight rate hikes of 7 per cent for Eastern and Western railroads and of 4 per cent for Southern roads, and a promise by the Civil Aeronautics Board that It will speed up its study of airline passenger fares which the companies call too low. America's dollar problems look small when you look at those in France. The French franc has the shakes largely from imbibing too much prosperity too fast. France is having an industrial boom. To feed -that boom it has imported more materials than it has exported, weakening its currency dangerously in terms of those of other nations.