The Terre Haute Tribune from Terre Haute, Indiana on November 2, 1958 · Page 6
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The Terre Haute Tribune from Terre Haute, Indiana · Page 6

Terre Haute, Indiana
Issue Date:
Sunday, November 2, 1958
Page 6
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6 The Terre Haute Tribune-Star. Sunday, November 2, 1958. For Dictators, Little Freedom Is Dangerous Continued From Page One. known the copies were to be distributed by the Vatican Service it would not have printed them. Feltrinelli went to The Hague to collect money he claims is due him for the printing of the pirate version. The Soviet government for nearly a year chose to ignore the novel. .It was never mentioned in Soviet papers. Only when Pasternak was awarded a Nobel Prize for Literature did it become impossible for the Kremlin to keep silence any longer. High-Voltage Invective. There followed a stream o. high- voltage invective damning Pasternak, his novel, the Swedish Royal Academy that made the Nobel award and of course “American imperialism.” “Malevolent philistine,” said hatchetman David Zaslavsky, writing in Pravda. Articles in the Literary Gazette likened Pasternak to Judas. In the presence of Nikita Khrushchev a Young Communist League leader called him worse than a pig. Last Friday the tempo of the attacks increased and cries were raised in Moscow to exile Pasternak from the Soviet Union. Radio Moscow, broadcasting in 10 languages, declared: “let him go where he wishes to. No Soviet man or woman wants to breathe the air he breathes.” Hie Moscow section of the Soviet Writers Union held a five-hour meeting and adopted a resolution saying Pasternak is no longer fit to live in Russia. It urged the government to take away his Soviet citizenship. Call Him Decadent. The writers called Pasternak a “decadent who long ago severed his ties with life and the people.” These public airings demanding Pasternak’s expulsion suggested the Russians were preparing his ouster from Russia. Then on Saturday came this quick round of developments: Moscow radio reported Pasternak had written Premier Khrushchev himself, admitting he may have made mistakes and begging to be allowed to stay in Russia. Then, the official news agency Tass announced Pasternak is free to go to Stockholm to receive the $41,420 Nobel prize. But, it said, Mr. Business Man! LOOKING FOR MORE WORK? Seil Your Services With A WANT AD! Don't keep it a secret! Let your neighbors and every one in the community know about your expert services! And do it with a low cost, high-power Want Ad . . . the sure, quick way for fast profitable results. . . . List your service in the "SERVICE DIRECTORY" For Complete Information on Low Contract Rates Call C-1331 Ask For Miss Cooke no one would hinder him if he wanted to stay out of the Soviet Union for good. Pasternak first accepted the i prize with enthusiasm. Last Wednesday, after the Soviet press raised its outcry against him, he declined the prize but in such Language as to put the blame clearly “on the society in which I live.” He is living in loneliness and isolation, a pariah in his own country, j unafraid apparently of the storm he has stirred. The drama of this j unequal contest between one lonely man and the massively powerful; terror of the Soviet Communist party has stirred men everywhere. Yet Pasternak is not alone. Writers other than Pasternak have declared their desire for independence from the Soviet Communist party. A bitter struggle has gone on between the Kremlin and writers ever since Stalin’s death. This is not the last phase. Paradoxically, the troubles the Kremlin has had with Soviet writers largely stem from the fact that post-Stalin governments have given the writers a considerably broader scope for freedom in their writing than Stalin did. Stalin dealt summarily with Soviet writers suspected of disloyalty. "Many both before and after World War II died in execution chambers or concentration camps. This terror subdued overt resistance but did not produce great literature. Stalin’s successors were forced in the arts as elsewhere to relax ; Stalinist terror. The first three ! years after Stalin’s death this re: taxation took place only slowly, i Writers were still in general subjected to the closest censorship. The next phase began in February. 1956, with Khrushchev’s speech condemning Stalinist terror. This threw open the gates to rehabilitation of writers whom Stalin had condemned and also to publication of a number of works written in a different spirit. This was “de-Stalinization.” The essential new element was appearance of short stories, poetry and novels which were as a whole severe criticism of the regime. De-Stalinization ended with the Hungarian revolt of November, 1956. The part Hungarian writers played in the revolt scared Khrushchev and he clamped down, but somewhat cautiously. Under this policy encouragement has been given writers who try to follow the party line. Those who do not have been subjected to various penalties all the way from gentle rebukes to deprival of possibilities of writing at all. The essence of the situation is that Khrushchev has been trying to give writers enough freedom to enable them to create the kind of works the party wants—but not so much that they can shake or inconvenience the system. This leaves writers at the mercies of political exigencies. The Pasternak case erupting in this precarious situation will certainly cause a shift in policy, possibly toward stiffer restrictions on writers. The Kremlin’s dilemma is that it can’t get along without writers but also can’t get along with them. It needs literature for propaganda and prestige but it fears literature as soon as the writers begin to dig down into Soviet reality and expose the falsehood of the Communist version of Soviet life. The Pasternak case and the Kremlin’s relations with writers in general in a way epitomize the over-all problem of the Soviet regime today. Stalinist terror has been rejected as inefficient and outmoded. But the regime is unwilling to go far on the path to constitutional freedoms guaranteed by law. Is there any halfway between rule by terror and rule by law? This is one of the questions Boris Pasternak has posed the Kremlin. PARADE IS PLANNED ON VETERANS' DAY SIX AUTOS FIGURE IN WRECK; CLINTON PEOPLE INJURED J-Î 00 »JH IHN» !. 1«* Two persons suffered painful injuries in a six-car accident which caused damage estimated at nearly $5.000 Saturday evening near me intersection of Twenty-fifth street and Lafayette avenue, police report. The injured persons were identified as Mrs Pat Griffith, 18, Clinton, and Mrs. D. A. Pastore, also of Clinton. Rushed to St. Anthony Hospital in a P. J. Ryan & Sons ambulance, the two women were treated for multiple cuts and abrasions and were later released. Police Captain Floyd Huey said the driver of one of the cars involved in the multi-car mishap, Arthur C. Boreske, 44, Antigo, Wis., was charged with leaving the scene of an accident. Huey reported that Boreske, who was en route to Florida at the time of the mishap, was released to appear in City Court next Saturday. Investigating officers reported the accident was apparently triggered when a car operated by Carol D. Wszeleske, 24, Wausaukee, Wis., attempted to make a left hand turn into a filling station. They said the other cars banged into each other when the Wszeleske vehicle and another car blocked the highway momentarily. Other vehicles involved in the accident series included cars driven by Harry Lee Burnett, 65, 2503 Cruft street: Britannia Pastore, and Josephine Remsha, 40, V FORECAST—Fair weather Is expected over the w estern half of the nation Sunday, with exception of some showers along north Pacific shore. Rain is I ikely over lower Lakes region, central Appalachians an parts of the'Ohio and Tennessee valleys. Clear to party cloudy skies are probable elsewhere >n the East. It should be warmer from the Plains to t he Appalachians. AP Wirephoto Map. Reds Threaten New Blockade Of W. Berlin Continued From Page One. tion in the city council. A party must receive at least 5 per cent of all votes cast to win a seat. Both the party newspaper Neues Deutschland and the Communist- edited Berliner Zeitung threatened that the Reds would interfere with traffic to West Berlin unless there was a strong Communist vote. The statements were coupled with the usual Red charge that West Berlin belongs to East Germany and that Western Allied occupation of West Berlin is il­ legal—charges repeatedly rejected by the Western Allies. Neues Deutschland said a Communist vote is “urgently necessary” because “Berlin lies inside the territory of the German Democratic Republic just as Quemoy lies in the territorial waters of the People’s Republic of China and both belong to the state in whose territory or waters they are located.” FALL CONTOUK Soft, easy to manage coiffure that will give months of care-free curling. MAGIC FINGERS BEAUTY SALON ANNABELLE SMITH HELEN HOOKER 1“11 N. 19th St. C-4772 WEATH'R ELSEWHERE By ASSOCIATED PRESS High Low Albany, clear ........... 49 36 Atlanta, cloudy ...........62 55 Bismarck, clear 68 22 Boston, clear ....... 52 42 Chicago, cloudy ....... 53 47 both of Clinton, and Charles C. Draper, 68, St. Bernice. Officers said the Pastore car, in which the two women were passengers. was regarded as nearly a total loss. Cincinnati, rain --- 51 Cleveland, cloudy .... 56 Denver, Cloudy --- 59 Des Moines, cloudy .. 62 Detroit, clear ...........48 Fort Worth, clear — 67 Indianapolis, rain .^..50 Jacksonville, cloudy .. 78 Kansas City, cloudy .. 60 Los Angeles, clear 82 Memphis, rain ......... 52 Miami, cloudy ............89 Milwaukee, cloudy ... 50 Mpls.-St. Paul, clear 63 45 38 31 31 41 39 43 65 47 58 48 74 42 36 New Orleans, cloudy .. 67 New York, cloudy .... 58 Omaha, cloudy .........63 Philadelphia, cloudy .. 62 Phoenix, clear . ....... 75 Pittsburgh, cloudy .... 57 Portland. Me., clear .. 48 Richmond, rain 65 San Diego, clear ---76 San Francisco, cloudy 72 Seattle, cloudy ........ 60 Tampa, cloudv ........81 Washington, cloudy ... 65 Winnipeg, clear 67 50 49 33 42 50 38 35 37 56 53 45 69 44 34 ; $ ^ { ì PLEASE VOTE FOR ROBERT A. "Bob" WRIGHT REPUBLICAN FOR STATE SENATOR SULLIVAN & VIGO COUNTIES NO. 15A ON n MACHINE -Paid Political Advertisement The United War Veterans Council will hold its annual observance Nov. 11, starting with a parade to form on Harding avenue at 9:45 a. m. and march off at 10:40 a. m. so as to arrive at Seventh and Wabash at 11 a. m. Ft. Harrison Post 40 American Legion will have charge of services at the crossroads. The speaker and the parade lineup will be announced later. Post 40 Commander William J. Lee, who is chairman of this year’s observance, announced that aerial salutes will be fired by James English near Seventh and Wabash starting at 10.49 a. m. un­ till 11 o’clock at one minute intervals. Groups representing the armed forces in this area have been invited to participate in this year’s parade as well as all the Veterans groups. 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