Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa on January 26, 1973 · Page 3
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January 26, 1973

Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa · Page 3

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Friday, January 26, 1973
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Rural Lawmakers To Battle Cuts In Farm Payments By DON KENDALL AP Farm Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Federal payments to farmers have totaled $14.6 billion since President Nixon took office four years ago, accounting for almost one-third of the entire farm-subsidy cost since the New Deal began massive rural relief. Alarmed by the cost, and encouraged by rising farm prices and a record $18.9 billion in net farm Income last year, the administration is about to tangle with Congress on new farm legislation that would reduce subsidies. Rural lawmakers are certain to fight to keep farm benefits at current levels. Behind the controversy over cutbacks, in old farm programs and new ones, is an emerging administration philosophy that can be summed up this way: Times are better now, and the hour is at hand when farmers should walk more on their own instead of leaning on government handouts. Farm - state members of Congress disagree. Sen. Hegman E. Talmadge, D- Ga„ chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee, says farmers still are not getting a fair shake. And Talmadge wants the administration to send its farm bill to Congress by Feb. 1. "That's going to press us awfully hard, but hopefully we can make it," says Carroll G. Brunthaver, assistant secretary of agriculture and a key planner of Nixon administration farm strategy. 1970 Ag Act At center state is the Agricultural Act of 1970, a law setting up current crop-control programs for wheat, cotton and livestock-feed grains. It began with the 1971 crop year and expires when the harvests are in next fall. Ironically, although the Nixon administration considers its flexible acreage-control fea-'' tures a half-way house to more farm freedom, the 1970 law broke all records for farm-subsidy costs. Last year alone, payments to farmers totaled more than $4 billion, some $3.6 billion as payments to producers of the three crop groups. The remainder covered benefits for conservation, wool and sugar. Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz, who joined the Nixon cabinet in December, 1971, may nave been the most popular national farm figure in history during his first year, at least with farmers. Since Election But since the election last Nov. 7, Butz has overseen sharp cutbacks in rural programs amounting to an annual rate of more than $1.5 billion and including abolition of some of the most popular farm aids such as the Rural Environmcn- tal Assistance Program (REAP). New Freedom Butz and his aides have been boasting lately of administration efforts to help boost farm exports — the huge grain sale to the Soviet Union is an example — and to steer government programs more into the free marketplace and out of taxpayer pockets. "These policies have given farmers a new breath of freedom, the kind of freedom so essential to an expanding agriculture and equitable income in today's world," says Agriculture Undersecretary J. Phil Campbell, a Georgia dairy farmer. Sen. Talmadge says the administration's new look will not cancel out the need for continuing in law certain guarantees for farm-income insurance in the form of minimum subsidies. "Unfortunately, the farmer's income historically has been less than nonfarmers," Talmadge said. "I think that in any farm legislation we should try to increase income coni- mensurately with their contribution to society." Lower Costs percentage of their disposable income for food than any people in the world — and a large pari of it is due to our system of helping farmers," says Poage. Take away farm subsidies, Poage says, and housewives will be paying 30 per cent of her family take-home pay for food instead of half that rate today. The modern farm subsidy string began with the New Deal in 1933 when the goal, in the midst of the nation's worst economic depression, was simply to save farmers. Then, as in more recent years, the crux was overproduction and low market prices. All sorts of methods, from the killing of surplus livestock to government storage of spillover crops, were tried again and again. Nothing really worked, and it wasn't until the huge demands of World War II that farmers began digging out from under. Farm historians, always at odds over how problems could have been solved, generally agree that manpower shortages brought by the two world wars and mechanization to fill the vacuum were among the big factors that led to overproduction. ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, FRL, JAN. 26, 1973 Page 3 Garden Talk Continues Journey Of West's History First grade students at Maniece School (L-R) David Lastine, Tom Preston, Diana Frederick, Jim Steil and Brenda Feger model the traditional Japanese kimono as part of the conclusion of the classes' study on the culture of Japan. The class The World of a Glance A Study in Japanese Culture also studied the Japanese Dolls Festival, known as Hina Mat- suri, with each girl bringing a Japanese doll from home to be put on display during the week. Two Americans Die In Vietnam Battles Rep. W. R. Poage, D-Tex„ chairman of the House Agriculture Committee, defends farm subsidies as a way of keeping food costs down. "My wife won't believe it; your's won't but the american people are spending a smaller More Land At one time it took 90 million acres of land simply to raise feed for horses. When horses were replaced by tractors, the land was put to other uses. As recently as 1972, more than 60 million acres were idled from crop production because farm capability was too much. There are many other reasons, improved management by farmers, fertilizer, better seeds and specialization in some categories. They all added up to worrisome surpluses and headaches for farmers and the government alike. ' For many years the idea behind ' farm programs - was to provide price supports for certain commodities. Under that plan, a farmer gets a loan for his crop in return for taking part of his land out of production. He can repay the loan if the market price goes up, sell the crop himself and pocket the difference. If the market drops, the government assumes ownership. Price-support loans were kept relatively high following World War II, although for a time during the late 1940s, demands were so great that market prices were the highest on record. Mid-1950s But by the mid-1950s, during the Eisenhower administration, it was apparent that high price supports alone were not enough to keep surpluses down. Another program was tried—the Soil Bank—in which entire farms could be "retired" for years at a time. The Soil Bank was abandoned after the loss of farming had a severe economic impact in farm communities. In the early 1960s, another plan emerged which began a remarkable upward spiral in farm-subsidy costs. Simply, the idea was this: price-support loans were continued but at a reduced rate. To help make up the difference, farmers were paid direct or supplemental subsidies for reducing production. Congress built in formulas based on parity, a yardstick used to measure farm prices in relation to production expenses. Theoretically, when the parity price of a commodity reached 100 per cent, that price was considered fair to farmers. The program began costing big money. Under the old price- support concept by itself, even if the government assumed ownership of surplus crops, those had a value and most of the loan money advanced to farmers was regained when the government sold its holdings. For example, according to Agriculture Department tabulations, government payments to farmers for major crops since 1933 have totaled about $48.2 billion. Of that, $34 billion was paid in the dozen years beginning in 1961. In the first four years of the Nixon administration, the payments— including conservation and other minor programs- were $3.8 billion in 1969; $3.7 billion in 1970; $3.1 billion in Bergm an PARIS (AP) - Actress Ingrid Bergman will serve as president of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival this year. Hospitalized WASHINGTON (AP) - Bill D. Moyers, press secretary to the late President Lyndon B. Johnson, has been hospitalized here suffering from chest pains. A spokesman at Georgetown University Hospital said Thursday that the 38-year-old Moyers' ailment has been diagnosed as Tietze's syndrome, a painful inflammation of the ribs and cartilage of the chest. "He has not suffered at heart attack," the spokesman said. "The heart is not involved." Moyers, who was reported in satisfactory condition, was hospitalized Wednesday. He had come to Washington to attend funeral services for Johnson. For Real SAN FRANCISCO (AP)— Two members of the "Streets of San Francisco" television series have proved they are capable of heroic deeds in real-life situations, the American Red Cross says. The organization said it would award a Red Cross Certificate of Merit — its highest honor — today to costar Mike Douglas, the son of movie actor Kirk Douglas, and assistant director Kenneth Swor for saving the life of a fellow actor. The two jumped fully clothed into chilly San Francisco Bay last Nov. 21 to aid stunt man Dick Butler, who was accidentally hit by a passing boat, a spokesman for Quinn-Martin Productions, the show's producers, said Thursday. The Red Cross said Douglas and Swor kept the injured actor afloat until a rescue boat arrived. Butler, who was hospitalized with head, back, chest and leg injuries, has fully recovered, the producers said. Eyes Senate MEW YORK (AP) - Mayor John V. Lindsay is toying with the idea if running for the U.S. Senate, the New York Times reports. But political insiders on top of the situation said Thursday that Lindsay is reluctant to run next year against Sen. Jacob K. Javits, the Republican incumbent, because they are friends. Lindsay, a Republican turned Democrat, is said to be keeping his options open and could also run for governor next year or seek re-election to his third term this year. The End PHILADELPHIA (AP) The impending Vietnam cease­ fire brings what probably will be the end to a list on a stone monument outside a Catholic high school here. The 8-foot-high war memorial lists the names of 27 alumni of Father Judge High School, which school official say has had more of its former students killed in the war than any other Catholic high school in the country. Twenty-three of the 27 were killed in combat. Housewarming UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) — Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim and his wife gave a housewarming party Thursday night at the $1.1 million tow-- nhouse on New York's Sutton Place that they moved into last October. Among 700 invitees present were former Secretary-General U Thant, Mayor John V. Lindsay, film producer Otto Preminger, singer Lotte and many U. N. ambassadors and their wives. By GEORGE ESPER Associated Press Writer SAIGON (AP) - Two Americans and nearly 400 North and South Vietnamese were reported killed today and Thursday in a storm of attacks across South Vietnam matched by the heaviest American air strikes in eight months. "The war's still on," the commander of a U.S. Marine air wing commented after the death of one of his young security guards during a rocket attack on the Bien Hoa Air Base 15 miles northeast of Saigon. Seven and a half hours after the predawn attack at Bien Hoa, a second American serviceman was killed when his observation helicopter crashed in flames near Plian Thiet, on the coast 100 miles east of Saigon. U.S. officials said the helicopter apparently was shot down. A second crewman rescued suffered slight wounds, the U.S. Command said. The Command also reported that 13 U. S. servicemen and 12 American civilian advisers and technicians working with the South Vietnamese air force were wounded in the rocket attack at Bien Hoa and another at the Da Nang Air Base. The South Vietnamese command said there were 112 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong attacks during the 24 hours ending at 6 a.m., equaling the number reported during the previous 24-hour period when the United States and North Vietnam announced that fighting would stop at 8 a.m. Saigon time on Sunday, or 7 p.m. EST Saturday. The Saigon command said in the past 24 hours 299 Communist troops and 61 of its soldiers were killed, 333 South Vietnamese soldiers were wounded and 18 were missing. This raised Vietnamese casualties on both sides reported in the two days since announcement of the cease-fire to 541 North Viet­ namese and Viet Cong and 119 Saigon troops killed, 615 South Vietnamese wounded and 34 missing. The U.S. casualties today were the first reported since the cease-fire announcement. The U.S. Command reported that American fighter-bombers flew 407 strikes against North Vietnamese and Viet Cong positions in South Vietnam during the 24-hour period ending at 8 a.m. today. A spokesman said it was the largest number of such strikes in South Vietnam since last May 28, at the height of the North Vietnamese offensive. U.S. B52 bombers flew 80 strikes, the Command said, dropping about 2,400 tons of explosives. U.S. Visit 1971; and $4.j0 billion in 1972. TOKYO (AP) — Emperor Hirohito and Empress Nagako are likely to visit the United States, Canada and Mexico for a goodwill tour this fall, according to a newspaper report published today. The Imperial Household Agency and the foreign ministry, however, refused to confirm or deny the report today in the mass-circulation Mai- nichi Shimbun. But an official of the agency said that the report "could be highly acclirate" and that it would be a two-week visit if the Imperial couple is to cover all three North American countries. The 72-year-old emperor has long been known to be hoping to visit the United States. President Nixon extended an invitation to the emperor and the 69-year-old empress to visit the United States when they met briefly at Anchorage in September 1971. AS INTEREST RATES GO DOWN... WILL YOU BE LEFT UP IN THE AIR? What interest rate will you be paying in 1980? With a Land Bank Loan, it could be less. Interest rates on Land Bank Variable Rate loans have already been reduced twice in the past two years. This is one of many advantages of a Land Bank Loan. For a long-term, low-cost loan on your land to buy land, pay debts, make improvements or for other farm and family needs, see us. LOANS ON LAND It's a New Land Bank Serving a New Agriculture in New Ways EMMETSBURG W. Hwy. 18 Ph.(712)852-2645; Box 75 See Eugene Hutchins, Marvin Penner, Jerry Lage or Helen Haas By JOSEPH GABRIELSEN Gracttinger, Iowa Travel Con: We left Friendly Hot Springs behind us; before us stretched the asphalt highway which at last beckoned us southward. A good amount of snow covered the ground and dusted the spruce, pine and outcropping of rock. About us the were the beautiful Black Hills. Soon, we intersected the highway which once had been the famous old Oregon - California Trail of the pioneers. Some miles to the west on that old trail was Independence Rock; a massive landmark of stone upon which early Spaniards and later trappers, explorers and immigrants inscribed their names to say "they were here." The sun shone brightly overhead as we sped along. Cattle grazed on the fenced rangeland nipping at the tuffs of dry grass which stuck up in the snow. Then, to our delight, we saw a band of antelope with their blotched tan and white coats nibbling peacefully apart from the cattle. TO OUR REGRET, the Black Hills began to retreat and fade into the distance. Soon, they disappeared. Then Cheyenne, Wyo., hove in view as our motor purred and the wheels spun. As I thought about Cheyenne, I could not help humming a tunc which was popular in my childhood. It went something like this: Cheyenne, Cheyenne . . . hop on my pony and ride along with me. Of course this is cowboy country. At last, we joined Interstate 25 along which colorful Colorado cities like Ft. Collins, Loveland, Denver and others cluster like gems on the ribbon of grey. To the west of us, the spiny backbone of the Rocky Mountains ran continuously like a massive wall while to our east, stretched the white coated plains. SANTA FE, NEW MEXICO, is that old historical city founded by Indians and early Spaniards. It was the main terminal of the old Santa Fe Trail along which A sign with the name Taos on it and pointing to the north caught our eye. Taos! Why that was the home and stamping ground of Kit Carson, the mountain man, famous scout and my hero! He went on to become a scout for Freeman and later, a general in the army. Although out of our way, we drove northward through an interesting valley planted to apple, pear and apricot trees. To me, the plantings were on low ground and at the mercy of frost; an observation later corroborated by a native. Soon, our road descended to an old settlement rimmed by tall mountains on one side and rough plains on the other. . . Taos. SO THIS WAS TAOS, New Mexico! Its outskirts were none too interesting or inviting. We drove down the narrow streets then suddenly into town. The place was filled with curiosity seekers such as we were. Easterners mingled with westerners and' hippies many of them carrying cameras. They barged solemly in and out of the many shops displaying knick nacks, curios, clothing and most everything else that might attract a customer's attention. This town is old and famous in the annals of the frontier. It was settled by Indians and Spaniards. Here, Governor Bents reigned over the territory and was slain in his own home by the natives. Both he and Kit married Spanish sisters. Here, too, Kit lived between his hunting, trapping and scouting, managing to raise a large family. We gazed at Kit's picture and that of his lovely wife. Lastly, we stood in the white snow and looked at his tombstone. No enemy or Indian got the best of Kit. He was master of every situation. He was honest and a man of integrity and courage. The emigrants and the West owe much to Kit. Yet he died at an early age. About 75 per cent of the ene- ^ horse and mu]e team fre igh- my attacks were made with ar tillery, rockets and mortars. At Bien Hoa, one Vietnamese was killed and 10 were wounded. One South Vietnamese F5 fighter-bomber was destroyed and one U.S. AC 119 gunship was damaged. Several rockets crashed into a barracks housing the American civilians who were injured. tors used to funnel supplies from the east to the Spanish territory. Guinea pigs, raised on scraps and greens right in the kitchen, were the main source of meat for the Incas before the discovery of South America. Federal grants are planned to test the double-decker bus concept in Chicago, Dallas, Detroit, Los Angeles, New York, Oakland and Pittsburgh. Most long distance station rates are cheaper after 5 p.m. on weekdays and ail day Saturday and Sunday. Call when Its cheaper. (§) Northwestern Bell DUE TO THE DELAY IN STATE CERTIFICATION OF LEVIES, THE EMMET COUNTY TAX LISTS will be certified by the County Auditor Feb. 1 TAXES CAN BE PAID AFTER THAT DATE. THIS EXTENDS THE TAX PAYING PERIOD (WITHOUT PENALTY) TO APRIL 30,1973 Lloyd Brunsvold EMMET COUNTY TREASURER

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