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ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, THURS., JAN. 25, 1973 Page 4 Benefits Rate Bill DKS MCHVRis (AP>-A bill incvKkK -Ni Wednesday in thf Swuste wculd prohibit un;i£v :";rTr,> from collecting r»if fJvrrASfs under bond be- $nr* ;V 3o»* Gamine rce Com- ir.js.sooe d«\-jde$ whether . the f»^rv-r rjsrc* should be per- SKV Vichsei SUxrin. D-Du- iw^v. introduced the measure. Interruption I>2S? MOIXBS, Iowa (AP)- Ciassss a: Hum Junior High Schoal here were interrupted Wednesday afternoon by several blasts from a rifle. Two 15-year-old boys were held in connection with the incident, during which authorities said no one was hurt, A school spokesman said one of the boys went home during school and returned with a rifle to a room where the other youth was and began firing. The second boy, the spokesman said, escaped through a window. DES MOINES, low* <AP>The Iowa Senate hi* passpfi and sent to the House * bill extend aboui S2Wi,OfiO in Trin.W benefits to t>* SS.S clocrciS o«tr>- ty officials in lows. The bill ths: nssso,-. v>r Wednesday youlij Truikt rtf>o«v county rtrTicialf wcpihit ?«r group haiiih ATV : j»»vi &>ri; IN Alcoholics The state Ctfjc* Flar-aLif and Prcgr&mir.:^ ^-i* Rib- mitred a bill to the legislature that woald set up a sgswy for treating alcoholics a^ cco bat alcoholism through research and edacatioa. Tbe measure introduced Wednesday would repeal present state laws that permit the arrest of drunken persons as vagrants. Majority Age DES MOINES, Iowa (AP)The Iowa Senate State Gover- ment Committee has been given a bill to lower the age of majority from 19 to IS and committee chairman Warren Curtis, R-Cherokee, said he hoped his group could report the bill out Wednesday. The bill assigned to the committee Tuesday would grant full adult rights at age 18. The 1972 legislature dropped the age of majority from 21 to 19. Jobless Pickets DUBUQUE, Iowa (AP)-The Supreme Court ruling has been condemned by the Committee for Pro-Life Affairs of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. The group has asked that the ruling be rejected and opposed. The Most Rev. Francis Dunn, Auxiliary Bishop of Dubuque, and a member of the group, said Wednesday that since the committee represents the Na'< tional Conference of Catholic r Bishops In pro-Vtf« a<f«iw.t»|e ' statement carries the weight of the entire conference of bishops. The bishops said that although the court made abortion legally permissable, it is morally wrong. The statement said that "as religious leaders, we cannot accept the court's judgement and we urge people not to follow its reasoning or conclusions." Bishop Dunn said the statement was formulated at a committee meeting in Chicago Tuesday. The Supreme Court's decision Monday said that most laws prohibiting abortions are an invasion of privacy and said abortion is a matter between the woman and her doctor during the first three months of pregnancy. DES MOINES, Iowa (AP)Iowa's unemployment rate rose for the second consecutive month to 2.9 per cent- in December, according to the Iowa Employment Security Commission. The monthly report issued Wednesday said a sharp drop in the state's civilian workforce and a slight rise in the number of Iowans registered as unemployed caused the rate to increase over November's 2.8 per cent figure and October's 2.2 per cent. During December, 36,500 persons in Iowa were counted as unemployed, 800 more than in the previous month and 9,100 more than in October. Tough Law DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) Two Iowa legislators say a new federal law to clean up the nation's water by 1985 may be "tough on farmers :"and on finan-' , cially marginal industries. Sen. Elizabeth Miller, R-Marshalltown, said cattle can't be fed without pollutants and questioned how it will be possible to farm. She is a farmer's wife. Carl Clopeck, an Environmental Protection Agency official, said all sources of pollution are to be controlled, including large feedlots, but said it hasn't been decided yet how large a feedlot must be before it will be subject to regulation. Rep. John Clark, R-Keokuk, said Wednesday that under the new law industries are required to pay for municipal sewage treatment facilities in direct proportion to the amount of material thfey discharge. Difficult to Assess Vietnam Peace By PETER ARNETT AP Special Correspondent The Vietnam peace will likely be as difficult to assess and be as controversial as was the Vietnam war. The conflict got the title "dirty war" years ago because of the inconclusiveness of the fighting and the vagueness of military and political objectives. For similar reasons South Vietnam seems headed toward a "dirty peace." As of this writing, specific details of the peace accords initialed in Paris on Tuesday had not been announced. But Saigon government trepidation with the developing settlement had been voiced up to the last moment There seems little doubt that the final agreement will have some extremely vague provisions because of the need to compromise. Such fuzziness will allow the signatories wide lattitude to abuse the spirit of the accords but not necessarily the text. Charge and countercharges of violations can be expected to become commonplace. The major area of conflict will surround the changing role of the Viet Cong from clandestine guerrilla fighters striking from the jungles and swamps to legal participants in the political affairs of South Vietnam. It was to avoid such a development that President Nguyen Van Thieu and the anticommunist governments that pre- ceeded him feared a negotiated settlement to the war. They knew that such a settlement would inevitably have to give political recognition to the Viet Cong, the inheritors in South Vietnam of the revolutionary legacy of Ho Chi Minh. The Viet Cong today is not the people's army that crippled Saigon's forces in 1965 and brought the Americans into the war. Seven years of bloody fighting have decimated the proud battalions and torn the web of infrastructure that once threaded through every village in the country. Documents captured this past year indicate clearly that the Communist leadership's first order of business will be to rebuild the old underground. Communist forces currently are credited with holding about half the territory of South Vietnam but only around 10 per cent of the population. Some experts, remembering the legendary organizational prowess of the Viet Cong, would concede them 25 per cent of the vote in a free election. But this is nowhere near enough support to grasp power legally. Thieu is well aware of the Viet Cong hopes. He reportedly has deployed his forces to frustrate them. Numerous firefights and incidents can be expected in the first months of the cease fire, particularly in the vaguely defined contested regions. The continued presence of major North Vietnamese units in the south presumably would be important for Viet Cong morale' and a source of supplies and training, particularly with the lines of communications stretching directly to Hanoi. Given the proven tenacity of the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese, the Communists can be expected to gradually build upon the base territory legally given them under the accords. It will be a new experience for the furtive guerrillas to appear publicly for the first time in 15 years without fear of death or capture at the hands of Saigon troops. But while this grassroots Communist expansion will be a source of conflict, it would seem to pose no immediate threat tojhe Thieu government. Some experts see the Communists waiting five years or more before making their decisive move. It could well take them that long to build an adequate base. A more immediate threat to Thieu's anticommunist government comes from the neutralist, unarmed political center. It is here that the political inclinations of the average South Vietnamese seem to point. The Viet Cong had lost its grip on the population, but Saigon never did succeed in filling the power vacuum. The best laid plans to win the people were constantly frustrated. By early 1972 Thieu was assuming ever-increasing dictatorial powers, but he was giving his people a stability they had not seen in 10 years. Then the North Vietnamese military offensive hit, and more than a million people who had been promised security from attack were fleeing on the highways. As long as the war was being fought, Thieu could enforce his emergency decrees. Political prisoners of all hues began filling the prisons. But now the cease-fire is imminent. The accords apparently provide for the establishment of a tripartite national council of National Reconstruction and Concord, composed of representatives selected by Saigon, the Viet Cong, and South Vietnamese neutralists. No matter how limited the powers of this organization, it will be a platform of sorts for comment on the political situation. There is every prospect that the divergent political and religious factions in the cities will become increasingly active when the cease-fire starts. With his political base still narrow and resting essentially on his emergency war powers, Thieu is likely to have great difficulty in keeping order in the streets. Within six months after the cease-fire, some observers forecast, Thieu may have to step down to make way for a neutralist-minded general, or a civilian leader. It seems certain that the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese will encourage the neutralists. If Thieu was ousted it would not necessarily be of any immediate benefit to the heirs of Ho Chi Minh. But it would be another, interim, step in their goal of dominating South Vietnam. Vietnam Cease-Fire Important U.S. Victory over Communism WASHINGTON (AP) - The cease-fire and peace agreement in Vietnam marks one of the most important victories the United States has ever scored over Communist aggression. In a very fundamental sense, the agreement is a tribute to the concept of firmness, strength and realism in the conduct of American foreign policies and armed intervention. In another sense, it is a monumental achievement for the President of the United States, attesting at one and the same time to Richard Nixon's vision, courage, and ability. What the accord means is that a strong President, willing to take bold action, literally snatched victory from the jaws of defeat for our objectives in Indochina. The cease-fire agreement leaves intact America's honor and her willingness to stick by her commitments despite the troubles, the travails and the discouragements of a long, frustrating jungle war. I would hope that many of my colleagues in the Senate and many outspoken liberals throughout this country . .. would begin to understand that in dealing with the Communists, or any other adversary, our primary tools must be military strength and the willingness to use it in a just cause involving the peace of the world and our own strategic national interests. The termination of hostilities arranged by President Nixon should put an end to the activities of Senate "doves" and the so-called antiwar activists in this country. All they accomplished, through their insistence upon a precipitate American withdrawal from Vietnam, was to prolong the fighting and with it the killing, the wounding and the misery which goes hand-in- hand with war. .. . What Next for Kissinger? WASHINGTON (AP) - Has Henry Kissinger talked himself out of a job? President Nixon's assistant for national-security affairs simply smiled Wednesday when asked that question. What indeed will Kissinger do now that Vietnam 1 peace, at last, is at hand? Gossipy Washington is churning out an assortment of answers with little help from Kissinger, who has indicated he doesn't know himself. "What can top Paris?" he mused during a conversation, referring to the city he visited 24 times in 42 months pursuing a peace accord. Kissinger said a few weeks ago that once a Vietnam peace was wrapped up he hoped for a leisurely vacation in Mexico. Beyond that, there has been little information about his plans. No sudden change is anticipated in Kissinger's role as Nixon's chief foreign-policy adviser. But Kissinger has suggested to friends that the Na tional Security Council apparatus he heads would have a better chance of enduring in subsequent administrations if it had someone else at the helm— at least for a while— before Nixon leaves office. In this way, the German- born,'former Harvardprofessor has signaled a desire to leave the White House before Nixon does. But there have been signs, too, that Kissinger would relish an opportunity to turn his immense energies to other world problems— rebuilding America's European alliances, helping build a new era in East- West relations and perhaps working for a Middle East solution. Kissinger has appeared to leave public efforts toward a Mideast settlement to others— perhaps because he is Jewish. But the Arabs themselves reportedly have shown some interest in enlisting Kissinger's talents toward working out a solution. Kissinger's timetable for de parting from the White House conceivably could be influenced by what has been interpreted as a recent series of slights by Nixon. In his speech Tuesday night, Nixon mentioned Kissinger only once, when he quoted' an 'Mgreed^upon' Statement 1 issued simultaneously with Hanoi that Kissinger and Le Due Tho had initialed an agreement. Nowhere in the speech did he praise or pay tribute to the thousands of hours Kissinger had devoted in four years to ending the Vietnam war. After Kissinger returned from Paris Tuesday night, he 'joined Nixon in meeting with six congressional leaders to report on the agreement. When cameramen were ushered into the President's office at the beginning of the session, they were led to a position behind Kissinger. Everyone's face except Kissinger's could be seen clearly in subsequent Dhotos. White House aides say Kissinger's position with Nixon remains unchanged. The American terms for a settlement have been on record for a long time. They were first made by President Nixon on Jan. 25, 1972, and again on May 8. But the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong refused to consider them. While the Nixon administration struggled with the problem in private and public negotiations, the Fulbrights and the Churches and the McGoverns were busily undermining official efforts by repeatedly insisting that American surrender and total withdrawal were inevitable and should be activated in the name of humanity. These pro-Hanoi partisans repeatedly painted a picture of American brutality, Saigon corruption and Communist innocence. . . . Of course, the minute Hanoi finally signified its willingness to settle on our terms and demanded that the agreement be signed by Oct. 31, the "doves" in this country, including Sen. McGovern, insisted that the settlement' could have ' been reached.four..years ,ago, P if : the Nixon administration had not stubbornly clung to its basic objectives. This was patently false. The fact was that the agreement could not have been reached even four weeks earlier. Hanoi stubbornly refused to settle until it became clear that the peace movement in America had failed.... Around Iowa Lemon Tree Ed Meyer, Dows oil station manager raises lemons in his filling station. The tree is about 10 years old and has been producing lemons the size of a grapefruit. Cactus John E. Sitter, of Boyden is the proud owner of a 70 year old flowering cactus plant that he has had 48 years. This year it had blossoms numbering well over 500. John's parents had the plant for 22 years and then John and his wife took care of it. Long Career Sheriff Don Foster, of Greenfield, recently completed some final paper work in his office where he had spent a total of 38 years. He was deputy sheriff 12 years, followed by 26 consecutive years as Adair County Sheriff. 600 Bells C. E. Baker of Jefferson has collected old bells for 47 years. He has over 600 in his collection. Among these he has 30 rings of sleigh bells. His oldest bell is close to 100 years old. He has one made in 1878 that resembles a miniature Liberty Bell in appearance. 126 Years Old The Welsh Church, located about five miles southwest of Iowa City, after being vacated for nearly 20 years, has been reopened for regular Sunday services. The congregation, whose history dates . back 126 years, recently refurbished the church. Retires New Year's morning, J. A. (Doc) Johnson of Corning told his wife that was the first time since he was 14 years old that he hadn't had a steady job. Doc is 65, and just retired from a lifetime meat cutting trade that spans back through his family 100 years. His career began in Corning in 1927. Passenger and vehicle ferries carry almost 60 million persons and six million cars a year between Hong Kong's two thriving communities. /MILLER'S ReSale Burt, lowa 50522 End of season sale ends Jan. 31. All undols Items must be picked up by Jan. 31 or will be sent to a charitable organization.-ABSOLUTELY NO EXCEPTIONS. Please give us an advance notice to pick up unsold articles. We are making appointment for our Spring and Summer season. Hours 10-9 MON., 10-5 TUES. thru SAT. BURT, IA. 50522, 3V 4 Mile NO. JCT. 18-169. SGT. STRIPES... FOREVER by Bill Howrilla THE BORN LOSER by Art Santom CARNIVAL by Dick Tumtr SIDE GLANCES by Gill Fox ®l»l»,NI».U,,TJ*.l*.U.I.Nt.««. I'lS WINTHROP by Dick Cavrili THE BADGE GUYS by Bowon & Schwarx "Couldn't wo buy him, Mem, ploaso? He'd be lot* of company for you whon tho phono's out of ordor!" "Thank hoavon . . . olvilliationl"