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Around the Rotunda "The Door Is Still There!" ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, WED., JAN. 17, 1973 Page 4 State's Balance Up BY HARRISON WEBER Iowa Daily Press Ass'n DES MOINES - (IDPA) - In a report to the General Assembly, legislative fiscal director Gerry D. Rankin estimates the unencumbered balance in the state's general fund next June 20 will be $10.8 million. That is an increase of about $3 million over what Rankin estimated in September. Major reason for the larger balance, or surplus, is that collections from the individual income tax is much higher than anticipated. This, to a large degree, probably reflects higher prices being received by farmers. Individual income tax collections for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, are expected to top $252 million, as compared to $233.3 million the previous year. The growth factor for individual income tax collections is running about 10 per cent, Rankin said. Collections from the sales tax are also coming in at a record pace. Rankin estimates the net sales tax going into the general fund this fiscal year will reach Op UUOflA $205.5 million, up about $9 million over the last fiscal year. Total general fund revenue for the biennium is pegged at $1,315,181. Total appropriations for the same two year period ending next June 30 are estimated to be $1,286,349. The revenue does not include some $24 million already received from the federal government as Iowa's first payment under the new revenue sharing plan. This money is kept separately. However, the new estimates include interest to be earned by the state on the federal revenue sharing funds. Salaries A report on salaries and expenses of legislators from all 50 states for 1972 shows that Iowa ranked 25th. The report by the Citizens Conference on State Legislatures noted that the average Iowa legislator received $13,445 in total biennial compensation. California was tops with $48,420- Report from the Iowa House By State Representative Terry E. Branstad Eighth District (R) The first week of the 65th General Assembly is history and the second week is now in progress. In Governor Ray's Condition of theState Address, given last week, three major legislative goals were outlined. These goals include specific assistance for the elderly, an attack on property tax problems, and support for well-balanced education. I was very pleased to hear the Governor state that "we cannot go on a spending binge nor can we permit taxes to increase." On Thursday we had our first opportunity to vote on a resolution requesting release of the funds being withheld by the United States Department of Agriculture ."for Rural Electrification Adminis tration loan programs, rural environmental assistance programs, and rural emergency loan programs." I voted for this resolution .and it passed the House by a vote of 88-11. Resolutions of this sort have no force of law but only express the feelings of the Iowa Legislature on this national issue which is of vital concern to the people of this State. On Thursday, Jan. 11, my wife, Chris, and I attended the Inauguration of Governor Robert D. Ray and Lieutenant Gov. Arthur Neu. In the evening we attended the Inaugural Ball. Both the Inauguration and the Inaugural Ball were attended by thousands of people from all over the State and the news media reported that both events were attended by the largest number of people In the history of Iowa. AILY NEWS An independent newspaper published "Monday through Friday," except principal holidays, excluding February 22 and Veterans Day. Second class postage paid at Estherville, Iowa. Published by the Estherville Daily News, Division of Mid-America Publishing Corp., 10 N. 7th St., Estherville, Iowa 51334. Subscription rates: City of Estherville, Armstrong, Ringsteil, Terril and Graettinger, delivered by carrier, 60 cents per week; $7.80 for 3 months, $15.60 for 6 months, $29.70 year. By mail in Emmet and bordering counties: $15.60 year, Zones 1-8, $19.50 year. Fred E. Williams, Publisher; Charles Ostheimer, Managing Editor; Richard Myers, Advertising Director; Gladys St re iff, Business Manager; Donald Stoffel, Production Manager. Member of Associated Press, Iowa Daily Press Association, Iowa Press Association. Photos submitted to this newspaper will not be returned by mail. However, they may be picked up at the Daily News Office. Happenings on the Hill By Senator Berl E. Priebe We started the 65th General Assembly session on Jan. 8. For this session, all Senators and Representatives were elected so there were several changes. Not as many changes in the Senate as the House as several representatives did move from the House to the Senate. Lt. Gov. Jepson did preside over the Senate until Lt. Gov. Neu was officially inaugurated on Thursday, Jan. 11. The Senators are all' sworn into office and each Senator receives a Bible which is different than the House. The inauguration ceremonies are always impressive of the Governor and Lt. Governor taking office at Veterans Auditorium. I was so happy to see so many people from my district at the ceremonies.. Another Senator and myself introduced a resolution asking President Nixon and Secretary of Agriculture Butz to reconsider their action and replace the funds for R.E.A.P. and R.E.C. This does affect our agriculture and this money should be reinstated. I have also worked this past week to set up a meeting to see if we can do something to alleviate the box car shortage. I have asked elevator operators of my district and also directors of cooperatives, farm organizations and bank- Fourth District (D) ers to meet with four different railroad representatives, the Chairman of the Commerce Commission, a state representative of the A.S.C.S. Committee and also the Secretary of Agriculture of Iowa to discuss this problem. I hope we can have a productive meeting and get more box cars into our territory to move some of this grain. I will be living at the Four Seasons apartment again this session, the apartment is number 101 and the telephone is 277-1370. The phone number for the Senate chamber is 281-3371. I will be home every weekend and my home phone is 2957058. If you wish to write to me at Des Moines, send it to the State Capitol, Seat Number 37, Des Moines, Iowa 50319. I will be happy to hear from you at anytime. I will continue the practice of sending out a newsletter ever week and keep you informed as to what is "happening on the hill." By Don Oakley Pollution Cure Can Worsen Things Those who believe that the solution to pollution requires only a congressional mandate and .the sincere cooperation of industry—and "those" includes most of us— may be in for a rude awakening. There is another law which supersedes anything Congress may pass, and that is the law of diminishing returns. It also involves what engineers refer to as "tradeoffs." ; • Programs that fail to consider their total impact on the environment can actually create a negative environmental balance, Dr. Joseph T. Ling, director of the environmental engineering and control department of 3M Company, told a recent International Pollution Engineering Exposition and Congress in Cleveland, Ohio. Ling cited the case of one of his Company.! s,. plants which now removes about 90 per cent of the oxygen- demanding pollutants from its wastewater. By 198i>, under provisions wihe 1972 federal water" quality: act, it must eliminate the discharge of all pollutants into navigable water. But for each ton of additional pollutants removed to achieve this goal, he said, four tons of pollutants will be created elsewhere. Not only that, but 8.5 tons of natural resources—chemicals, the fuels consumed to produce electricity, etc.— would be used for each ton of pollutants removed. Another basic law, Ling points out, is that we cannot destroy materials. We can only change;their form. In other words, the pollutants removed from water—as well as the other pollutants generated in the effort—must go someplace, either into the air or onto the land. The new water law, however, has but one single environmental objective—cleaning up the nation's waterways. It does not attempt to balance the individual segments of the environment, and does not attempt to balance its objective with available resources, .f. "Inasmuch as we have only one environment and limited resources," says Ling, "we ought to make certain that our cures will not end up being worse than the disease." Can Collectors Canny Your typical scrap aluminum can collector is probably a youthful, civic-minded type doing it in the interests of ecology. Right? Not according to a study by two University of Dallas graduate students. The students, Charles Johnson and R. J. Wheelock, say the typical collector is a male between 36 and 55 who drinks beer, works at a nonprofessional occupation at .less, than $10,000 a year and collects .cans as a family project. His primary motivation is money, which, "sub, , stantially outweighs" his concern for the environment. Johnson and Wheelock questioned can collectors at Alcoa "Yes We Can" redemption centers in the Dallas and Fort Worth area, where collectors are paid 10 cents a pound for scrap cans. The reclamation study was undertaken to meet part of the requirements for their master of business administration degrees. They found that the majority of scavengers, 72 per cent, collect cans on a fairly regular basis and, surprisingly, only 3 per cent do so to raise funds for Scout, civic or church-related efforts. Since the "Yes We Can" program started two years ago in Dallas, Fort Worth and San Diego, some 300 million cans have been reclaimed and more than $1.5 million paid to the public. « Nationwide, the aluminum industry estimates that 1.5 billion aluminum cans were returned for recycling and reuse in the United States last year. (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.) / Today in History Today in History BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Wednesday, Jan. 17, the 17th day of 1973. There are 348 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1945, iii World War H, Soviet troops and Polish, patriot forces liberated Warsaw after five years of Nazi occupation. On this date: In 1707, Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston. In 1757, the Holy Boman Empire declared war on Prussia. In 1773, the English explorer, James Cook, became the first man to cross the Antarctic Circle. In 1917, the United States bought the American Virgin Islands from Denmark for $26 million. Ten years ago: The United States proposed to Italy that American Jupiter missies in Italy be replaced with Polaris missile submarines in the Mediterranean. Five years ago: President Lyndon B. Johnson said an effective cease-fire would be vital as the first step in any Vietnamese peace talks. One year ago: U.S. dockworkers on the West Coast resumed a strike that had shut down 24 Pacific ports for 100 days in the previous year. Today's birthdays: the former U.S. commander-in-chief in the Pacific, Adfti. John S. McCain Jr., is 62. U.S. Attorney Genera) Nicholas Katzenbach is 51. Thought for today: An empty tin can makes more noise than pure gold — anonymous. SGT. STRIPES... FOREVER by Bill Howrillo CARNIVAL by Dick Turner "Four whole chapter* fie gave us for homework!" "I wonder if Nader ever thought of tha oduea. llonal fialdl" SIDE GLANCES by Gill Fox 'Ha doesn't have tha highest batting average, but ha gate the closest shavee in the commercials!" THE BORN LOSER by Art Sanson WS, HOW PO TO cm?m PRESIDENT? WINTHROP by Dick Cavalli WE-ASTRONAUTS TAKE VIOLENT STOBViS IN STRIDE. % \V\ »t NU, IM , T.M. tl .V fit. OH. / OH, THEN THAT / WASN'T ( SOU 1 HEARD I HOLLERING \ " I WANT ,MV V AVAMAAA.'*? 1-17 wo* THE BADGE GUYS THE BAR ASSOCIATION CANCELED A\N SPEECH OFFICER BEEBE by Bowen It Schworx SO I ASKED THEM..