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Editorial— Remember That First Motor Truck in Carroll? Yet around are a goodly number who no doubt can still recall the first motor truck to make its appearance in Carroll. It was quite a sensation in any community for a commercial organization to inaugurate motorized trucking. Automobiles, of course, had been in limited use as passenger vehicles for some little time before motorized trucks were manufactured. But it was still a mighty exciting community event when use of an auto or motorized truck was Introduced as a commercial venture. This week a Carroll business concern accepted delivery of an airplane which will be used regularly in the day to day operations of the firm. H. F. Schroeder and Sons, well-known local construction company, thus becomes the first business concern in Carroll to operate its own private aircraft in the normal conduct of its business. And that will be an event to be remembered. Just barely into the air age, even the experts on the subject hesitate to hazard even a wild guess as to what the future might hold in the line of transportation and travel by aircraft. What were considered the most advanced planes of just a few years ago have become almost completely obsolete. Even though the huge motor transports and other mechanized .vehicles on our highways today are remarkably advanced over the first motor trucks that caused such sensations some 40 years,ago, that progress is most insignificant compared to the ad- 8 Times Herald, Carroll, Iowa Friday, July 26, 1957 I'm Doing It So You Won't Get Hurt" vancements in aircraft within a period of but 10 or 15 years. To the Schroeder boys congrat ulations are extended for making a noteworthy contribution to the promotion of air travel in Car roll. Just as they have the best and most efficient earth moving equipment to give the best service in their business, it is, after all, no great surprise that they likewise adopt the most modern travel equipment to facilitate their operations. And if the appearance of the first privately operated airplane by a Carroll business concern launches an era of improved transportation comparable to that experienced with the introduction of the first motor truck, there are some interesting developments just around the corner. ~ Commendable, too, is the fact Carroll has already provided one of the best small-city airports to be found anywhere whereby development of air travel is materially encouraged. It is a safe prediction that the Carroll airport within the matter of a very few years will be one of the busiest points in the entire area. Thoughts The Lord standeth op to plead, and standeth to judge the people. —Isaahi 3:13. Take comfort, and recollect however little you and I may know. God knows; He knows Himself and you and me and all things; and His mercy is over all His works.—Charles Kingsley. Especially Higher Interest- Tight Money Becoming Heated Issue It's o Cose of Getting Off Track to Let Trains Run By PETER EDSON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) — Current Senate performance over civil rights legislation is generally regarded as futile and timewasting. In another sense, however, it is the most important piece of unfinished business before Congress. The reason is that the civil rights bill has to be got out of the way before anything else can. be done. When Eisenhower administration leaders let it be known earlier this year that they would like to get civil rights through Congress before, the school aid bill was taken up, a lot of old-timers in Washington thought it was a crazy idea. They foresaw accurately what would happen. The House would pass it. The Senate would bog down in weeks of debate. The result would be a do-nothing Congress. As a matter of hindsight and second guessing, this program may turn out to be not such a bad bet. For a first -6tep civil rights bill has a chance to get through the Senate this year. Nobody can make a flat prediction about it. There are too many gimmicks the shrewder, more ruthless Southern Democratic leaders can put over to sidetrack or block, as they have always been able to do in the past. These Southern strategists could * even give Russian diplomats a few pointers on stalling. BUt they are fighting a losing, rear guard action against the coalition of Northern Democrats arid Republicans. Eventually they are doomed to lose and they know it. What comes out finally may not b§L the first • step Eisenhower- By SAM DAWSON •! NEW YORK Wl - There's still money around. You may not like the price you have to pay or the colder eye with which the banker scans you'r credit rating. But there's evidence today from several sources that investors will snap up offerings—when they like the terms. Bond dealers say the reaction is favorable to the U.S. Treasury's .upcoming refunding of 24 billion dollars of maturing securities with new ones bearing 4 per cent interest. Dealers expect very few of the present holders to ask for cash instead of hew securities. And "rights" to the new issues are selling at a premium. On one day alone this week, Tuesday, investors took a variety of corporate offerings to a total tune of 115 million dollars. Announcement that 150 million dollars more of like offerings will be coming up soon failed to joggle the security" market. One of the nation's largest banks reports that 99 per cent of its 120 million dollars in new capital stock was gobbled up by stockholders, and employes took most of the rest. 'Good for Economy' - The same day government of- NEA Senrica, Inc. Brownell bill to guarantee voting rights. There may be compromises or watering down of it. But if any kind of a civil rights bill is passed by this Congress and signed by the President, it will get this item off the congressional calendars. This will clear the way for action on many other pieces of much-needed legislation. The list is really formidable. Most important is the school construction bill, M was killed last year by a fight over antidiscrim ination amendments- Next most important is probably the federal elections reform bill, for which there is a real need next year. The question of presidential disability regulations would also seem to rate highest priority. .Statehood for Alaska and Hawaii, liberalization of the McCarran - Walter immigration act, easing of restrictions on the admission of refugees and clarification of the status of Hungarian refugees are other civil rights matters deserving more attention. On the president's standing list of recommendations to Congress are increased minimum wage coverage, federal aid to depressed areas, increased postage rates and admission of the United States to the Organization for Trade Cooperation. • Congressional measures which the Eisenhower administration has opposed include a federal atoYnic power program, the Hells Canyon dam hydroelectric power project, a two billion dollar pay increase for postal workers, and a comprehensive excise tax reform bill which will probably be lost behind Senator Byrd's Finance Committee investigation of fiscal policy. ther. However, there is no doubt that the emotions do play a large part in stuttering. Everyone who comes in contact with this problem notices the greater difficulty in speaking which a stutterer has under circumstances of emotional stress. What can or should be done for the victim of stuttering? First and foremost, I think, is the recognition that this will not simply be "outgrown" and therefore the earlier proper attentions given to it the better chances of improvement. Also, much has been learned about stuttering in the last few years, so that better treatment for it can be given. This involves seeking expert advice through a speech and hearing center of which there are now a considerable number around the country. Information on where these are located can be obtained from the National Society for Crippled Children and Adults, 11 South LaSalle St., Chicago, 111. Another thing which can be done is for parents and teachers who come in contact with stuttering children to learn more about the problem. Sound information on this subject can be obtained from a booklet on stuttering prepared with, the advice and guidance of the American Speech and Hearing Assn. and distributed through the National Society for Crippled Children and Adults. There are also several books on the subject, including one by Dr. Dominick Barbara, published by Julian Press, and one called "Understanding Stuttering" by A. B. Gottlober. 7Ae/Mafaefhmt Here's the Best Way to Referee Child's Quarrel By MRS. MURIEL LAWRENCE | It's giving Under a maple tree in the back ment to one yard, Sharon and a friend were having a dolls' party. The table was a barrel lid; the cloth an old pillow case; the tea was water. But the cookies and the china were real. Suddenly a big lump of dirt landed right in the middle of the table. "Stupid — stupid — stupid!". yelled her little brother from where he'd thrown it—and ran. Sharon caught him and was sit-! ting on top of him the better to! beat him when her mother came j running from the house. She slap-! ped Sharon, told her friend to go j home. Then, bearing the roaring I Billy into the house, she cried, "I j don't care what he did! You had no right to hit him." This kind of treatment can only foment quarreling between Sharon and Billy. According to a study made of 6,000 families by psychologists Norma E. Cutts and Nicholas Moseley, our most effective treatment of quarreling children is to remove them both from our presence. It's effective because, the equal penalty denies our moral endorsement to either child. endorse quarrel that is always our our moral of our two ficials expressed the view that the condition of the money market was healthy. -And bankers and j other lenders, as might be expected, are almost unanimous in finding tight money good for the economy. A- consumer survey* shows people are well aware of the higher interest charges and squirming a little. But it finds small evidence that the higher return on savings influences consumers to save more and spend less—perhaps because their standard of living takes all they can make. Secretary of Commerce Weeks says that (he current tight money policy aimed at.curbing inflation won't be allowed to bring on even a small recession. He admits the economy is spotty, but says 1957 will end up as the best .year yet in many ways.. Ray M. Gidney, U. S. comptroller of the currency, tells congressmen that the high demand for in vestment funds makes the higher interest rates necessary. He denies that the rates are too high now under the circumstances. And he adds that borrowers are in better shape today to repay their indebtedness than they were a few years back. ' flee Farther Rise Mortgage investment firms hert*- see a chance of interest rates., rising further in the next 90 day*/ One reason they cite is that gov-, ernment short term interest rates'; have now risen to 4. per cent, Mortgage rates usually keep con-', siderably above the government.' rate. \ Mortgage dealers say that a!' across the country now mortgages are carrying 5 to f per cent rates. They report that in Florida second mortgages are offered at between 12 and 17 per cent interest. While money is getting tighteV across the country, the lenders insist this is all to the good, since it is squeezing the speculative and, fringe elements out of the markeC These views, understandably,^ are far from shared by everyone.' Leading home builders have been telling Congress that the tightness of money is slowing the building industry to a walk, cutting off the less affluent buyers from the market. A number of congressmen agree. Tight money — especially higher interest — is becoming one of the" hottest issues of this over -warm summer. Crow's Nest By J. W Wilton As a director of the Iowa Good Roads Association I sat in on the meeting this week with members of the highway commission to discuss road programs for the state. One of the questions under discussion was that of the commission's policy on controlled access on present primary highways. The IGRA wanted to know if the commission did have such a policy and if so what it was. SO THEY SAY * DR. JORDAN SAYS * •y SDWIH P. JORDAN, M.O., WrlrUn tor NSA Sarvtca Emotions Seem the Basic Producer of Stuttering Since it is believed thai more than one person in 100 has trouble with stuttering, it is not surprising that a number of questions on this subject are sent to this column. It is, perhaps, principally a The Communist party is not in the habit of taking petty revenge (on purged party members).—Radio Moscow. Neither one of u« is inhibited, so naturally we speak freely to each other. — Actress Elizabeth Taylor, on public quarrels with husband Mike Todd. ing children mistake. We .simply cannot know the rights or wrongs of quarrels between Sharon and Billy. Their mutual jealousy expresses itself in a thousand ways we never register. For example, you may imagine that their quarrel today was caused by Billy's aggression. Actually, it was provoked by Sharon who exaggerated the fun she was having as the insider on the dolls' party to stress Billy's lack of fun as an outsider on the party. This kind of unnoticed attack and counterattack goes oh much of the time between Sharon and The commission ^does have policy but it seems to be somewKat fluid. The chairman of the commission pointed out that the majority of the delegations appearing before the commission seek to have exceptions . made to that policy; that he could not recall of any delegation asking or suggesting that the policy be strengthened or more rigidly enforced. The chairman, wondered why only objectors appeared and why no delegation ever appeared in support of the work that the commission has or is doing. It seems to me that such a con ! Billy. When we condemn either | diti ° n J s J 1 i? 0 ! °!l Am f_ r !. c ^ I one of these children as the cause of a single explosion of jealous feeling, we can be sure of only one thing—we are misjudging. Our inevitable misjudgment simply increases their jealousy. For their quarrels are just skirmishes in their basic battle for our preference. Each believes himself less favored than the other. When we „ give either quarreler our moral endorsement, we add to this envious belief. The three important elements in our society are free government, free labor, and free management, —AFL-CIO President George Meany. Q—What is the Escorial? A — An enormous building near Madrid, Spain, which is the finest example of Spanish Renaissance architecture. It combines a convent, a church, and a palace, and is a burial place for the former kings of Spain. Q — What was the population of Washington in 1800, when the gov District of Columbia. Q — Who was Sarah Bash Johnston? A — The stepmother of Abraham Lincoln. Q — How long a leap does the kangaroo make? A — Traveling at a normal rate, the kangaroo jumps from five to 10 feet at a time; when pressed for speed, it can cover 18 or 20 feet in a single bound. Q — What mistress of the White House was often referred to as "Lemonade Lucy"? A — Lucy Hayes, wife of President Hayes. She substituted fruit custom. When things are going to suit us we are short in commendation, but just let something go opposite to our desires and we rise in indignation. That isn't the way it should be but the fact is that we all react in a similar manner and I doubt that it will ever be changed. We neglect to praise public servants for works well done. MISS HAWAII . . . Lovely Sandra Lei Luahiwa Forsythe is this year's choice as Miss Hawaii in the Miss America contest in September after making a tour of the United States. Of Hawaiian-English-German descent, Miss Farsythe Is an airline stewardess. He would sometimes refuse to speak to me for two or three weeks at a time. — Actress Ginger Rogers, in divorce testimony against Jacques Bergerac. The world is expected to have about 5,000.000.000 people in another 50 years; today there is about half this number. Daily Times Herald Dally Except Sundays «nd Holidays By TheHtrald Publishing Company * 10C Waat ru th Straat CarroU, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered, a* second class matter at the post office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March S, 1879. Member of the Associated Press .Th* Associated Pre** U entitled ex< chwlveiy to the uie f of aU the local new» newspaper patches. the use for republication news printed in th w«U as ell AJ» dl C&icjafpaper of County and City Vca< Ur " Itoy tion Rates — Jaltvery lowing Count Jl M Camll Adjoining CouaUes, dKTdAfe* 'douBtta* m , tew*, month,uo 410.00 childhood problem, but a letter from M. M. brings out that it is not always so v She has a friend, she says, who has had a tendency toward stuttering since childhood. "During the war," she writes, "the person concerned was rescued from a bombed ship after having spent several hours in the icy ocean. Since then he stutters to such an extent that It is difficult to understand him." This is an unusual example of the common effect which emotions have on stuttering. There are some differences of opinion about the causer of this speech difficulty. It has proved impossible to find any direct physical cause — that Ms a localized brain or nerve tissue injury —except in the rarest instances. Furthermore, the belief that left- handed children who are made to use their right hands start stuttering has not been accepted by many of those who have studied the subject. One student has stated flatly that "stuttering Is caused by a fear of people on the part of the stutterer." I am not sure that everyone accepts this view, el- Remember Way Back When ernment was moved to that city? juices and other soft drinks for in A — It was 14,303 for the entire' toxicating beverages. Says Ike, Brownell Helped Shoot Up Civil Rights Bill Nineteen Forty-Seven— L. W. Wilke has sold his residence property at 1008 North Main Street to Andrew Limbrecht of Vail. The new owner will take possession August- 1. The property is now occupied by Mrs. Clara Andrews. Nineteen Forty-Seven— The city council last night authorized the purchase of an airplane hangar, workshop and classroom for the Carroll Airport for the purpose of starting OI flight training. Nineteen Forty-Seven— The third in a series of break- ins in Carroll today claimed about $115 from the cash register at the American Legion clubrooms above the State Theater. Frank Liewer, Legion steward, discovered the loss this morning. Nineteen Forty-Seven— John Mighell, son of Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Mighell of Lake City, formerly of Carroll, is one of a thousand Boy Scouts who will be American delegates to the World Jamboree at Moisson, France, August 9 t« 19. By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON un - Southern Democrats can thank the Eisenhower administration for a big assist in shooting the President's civil rights bill to pieces. Eisenhower and Atty. Gen. Brownell both contributed. Eisenhower helped the Southerners' complaint that the bill was full of hidden gimmicks by saying, just before it came up in the Senate, there were some things in it he didn't understand himself. That was on July 3, one day after a savage Southern attack on I the bill as "cunning and devious." All year until then he had been calling it "moderate and decent." By July 3 he had had plenty of time to understand It was before Congress two years. In June, with his backing, the House passed it. In those two years it should not have taken one of his lawyers more than an hour to give him a full explanation. Brownell helped the Southerners not by saying too much but by saying too little. His Justice Department lawyers wrote the bill. But never, at repeated appearances before congressional committees, did he volunteer or give under hard questioning full information on all that Part 3 of the lour-part bill would do. The result; When the Southerners dug up a couple of features Brownell had never mentioned This business of controlled access for the present primary highways is perhaps confusing. It is the place where most trouble, or perhaps misunderstanding, is encountered. Because of this problem being relatively >iew it is necessary that the policy be kept rather fluid, thus affording an opportunity to' improve situations in the light of experience. The commission is working to improve the safety factor on our highways. Statistics indicate that uncontrolled access to highways is a major factor in accidents. Result is that the commission is attempting to control access in an effort to reduce the accident rate. ceptions in instances. These exemptions are growing less and less each day. The commission is not attempting to create any hardship cases. However it requires more than just asking today. In bringing about acceptance of the controlled access policy the commission needs the cooperation of the public and motorists. This they should have and in the end it will eliminate all hardships. about Part 3—on the use of troops and compulsory informers — it came as a surprise, even to some of the bill's most ardent Senate supporters. The Southerners made the troops and informer angles two of their major points of attack. If Brownell himself knew about these two angles, he could have deprived them at least of the element of surprise and the charge of cunning by frankly talking about them months ago. Part 3 would strengthen the government's hand when civil rights are violated by amending an old law of 1871—under which only an. injured individual could go into court—to let the attorney general go in for him, That old law is called Section 1985. Two other old laws, passed to back up Section 1985, were still on the books. One would empower, the President to use troops to enforce court orders in civil rights violations under Section 1985; the other would penalize people who knew of a conspiracy to violate someone's civil rights but didn't tell the government. • Since those laws on troops and informers apply to Section 1966, they, would also apply if the Eisenhower bill was passed to amend and strengthen the section, In brief the commission wants to control the establishment of access points and the building of entrances to the existing highways. Anyone who now wants to construct an entrance to a highway must secure the permission of the highway department before such entrance is constructed. Just purchasing land adjacent to a highway no longer guarantees that an entrance can be constructed. If a showing can be made that such entrance is essential, permission will no doubt be granted, but a good showing is required. On all relocated or new highways the commission is enforcing strict compliance with entrances at specific points only. They are working toward that goal on exist ing highways. 'They do make ex Everything possible in construction and engineering must be done to reduce the accident rate. It does little good to modernize a highway and then permit drivers to get on or leave that highway at any place they might choose. Such a condition defeats modern construction and engineering. That is why controlled access is essential. It is just a part of the modernization program. And all of us want modernization for our highways. Therefore, we must cooperate with the highway department in accepting those things that are proven to be necessary to reach such an objective. Bill Gregorys Back from Trip To Western Points (Timed Herald »w« Service) RALSTON - Mr. and, Mrs. Bill Gregory arrived home from a week's vacation trip to Yellowstone Park and other western points Prof. Merle Esmay and children of East Lansing, Mich., were Fri* day night and Saturday guests in the Earl Esmay home. Their daughter, Linda, remained for several days' visit with her grandparents. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Linn, Mr. and Mrs. Earl Esmay and their houseguests the Merle Esmays of Michigan had a picnic dinner Saturday in the John Philo'home in Glidden. Mr. and Mrs. Carl Cook attended the 25th anniversary of the marriage of her brother, Bill Woulware, and wife at Scranton Sunday. Mrs. Fleta Juhell and Geraldine Bundt were Saturday and Sunday visitors in the home of Rev. and Mrs. Eldon Shickell at Madrid. Bert Jubell drovp down Sunday and attended church services at Hopkins Grove in the morning. AH were dinner guests of the Shick- ells, returning home in the afternoon. Mr. and Mrs. Bert Jubell were Des Moines visitors Monday. Mr. and Mrs- George Gregory, Ruth and Raymond Gregory drove to Omaha Sunday where they met their son. and brother, Cpl. George B. Gregory, of the Marines, who came from Camp Pendleton on a 30-day furlough. Mr. and Mrs. Deane Linn and children of Webster City were Saturday nighf and Sunday guests in the Blaine Wever home. Mr. and Mrs. Eddie Wevor and baby were also dinner guests Sunday in the parental. Wever home. Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Kreger were business visitors at Prairie City Monday. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Jordan attended the Jordan family reunion in Des Moines Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Libby, Mr. and -Mrs. Ernest Libby, Karen and Kathy, of St. Charles were Friday afternoon and supper guests in the home of Mrs. Myrtle Linn. Charles Howard and Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Van Sant of Oklahoma City are visitors in the George Slocum home since Monday. Mr. Howard is an uncle of Mr. Slocum and a former resident of this locality. ATTACKED BY BULL (Times Herald News Service) VAIL - Mart O'Connell of Sioux Falls, S. D., brother of J. W. and Tom O'Connell of Vail, received serious injury while selling and sorting cattle in the stock yards at that place. He was attacked by a bull and knocked down. Several yard employees succeeded in driving th animal away. Mr. O'Connell sustained a crushed chest and bruises. He is reported recovering nicely. Timothy Is the most important cultivated hay grass in "North America today. WORLD'S FASTEST? . This English Electric P.I., supersonic let fighter* photographed striking through the air over Warton, England, has unofficially broken Ihe world air speed record with •*v speeel Rearing 1 ( M9 in.p.h. and/ according, to reports; n9 t full throttle. Production of the P.I. has been ordered by the Royal Air' force. Jt reportedly will be BriMans last manned fighter aircraft. ' Floyd Hills of Saint Paul Visit Relatives in Vail (Time* Herald Newt Service) VAIL — Mr. and Mrs. Floyd Hill of St. Paul, Minn., are visiting here with Mrs. Hill's brother- in-law and sister, Mr. and Mrs. F J. Powers, and also with Mr. Hill's mother, Mrs. Ethel Hill, at Denison. Mrs. Leslie Krai and sons of Cedar Rapids are visiting here at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Krai and Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Krai and son. Guests Monday of Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Valkman were Mrs. Bertha Rogers and daughter, Ruth, of Sioux City and Mrs, Rogers* daughter-in-law, Mrs. Don Rog'- ers, and daughter, Judy, of La- Mesa, Calif., who are visiting with them at Sioux City. Mrs, Nell ^rown went to Cedar Rapids Tuesday to visit her son and daughter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Freddie Brown, and family. Francis Ryan became ill suddenly Sunday evening and was taken to the Veterans hospital at Omaha. Mrs. Ryan and Mrs. Clarence Malloy went wijth him, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Costelle and family of Storm Lake are visiting hereKwith his mother, Mrs. R, E. Costello, and family. Flights of kites are impossible when wind velocity is less than li m.p.h., according to the Bncyclo- pedia Britanhlca.