Take Steps to Conserve Supplies ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, THURS., JAN. 11, 1973 Page 5 Several Iowa Cities Face Fuel Shortage By LYNNE THOMAS Associated Press Writer The looming threat of running out of fuel oil has spurred lowans throughout the state to voluntarily take immediate steps to conserve remaining supplies. Until more supplies of fuel oil are available, the Benton County community of Vinton may look almost deserted. Vinton merchants have decided to remain closed Thursday night when they are usually open and to turn off all the signs in town. City officials at Independence said they would turn off street lights in all residential areas as an emergency measure. The fuel squeeze has made itself known in the Des Moines area where it was announced that 2,000 homes must seek new heating sources after MacMillan Oil Co., said its supplies of home heating oil were exhausted and that no additional supplies are in sight. Among the first lowans to be affected in their homes were the 1,700 residents of Pammel Court, Iowa State University's married student housing complex. The students were asked to do everything possible to conserve energy when the school announced there was a critical shortage of No. 1 fuel oil used to heat the apartments. Morningside College officials at Sioux City said registration for classes will begin Monday after a week's delay and classes will resume Wednesday. Dr. Thomas Thompson, president of the college, said the administration's decision to reopen the school was based on forecasts that indicate the subzero weather of the past 10 days could be breaking and fuel demands would lessen. The Iowa Regional Transit Corp., in Des Moines keeps its 70 to 75 buses running all night long to prevent freezing and those buses use the needed fuel oil to heat homes, according to the Des Moines Register and Tribune. Iowa Commerce Commission Chairman Maurice Van Nostrand said the practice would be discussed by a governor's committee investigating the state's fuel crisis. He said the commission has no regulatory power over the bus company. Gov. Robert Ray said state workers have been told to turn down heat when buildings are unoccupied and turn off lights when not in use. And the governor Wednesday urged President Nixon's support for Standard Oil Co.'s request to bring more supplies of No. 2 fuel oil to the U.S. that it now holds in the Mediterranean. In the telegram to the President, Ray said Standard promises that approval of this request will bring prompt and major relief for Iowa's fuel shortages. The governor has also sent telegrams to major oil companies asking how much fuel oil the companies are willing to sell to Iowa's emergency pool. Ray said the State of Iowa is in the process of accumulating three million gallons of No. 2 fuel oil and noted that Continental Oil Co., has led the way by selling Iowa 200,000gallons. But in the meantime, officials at the Iowa Braile and Sight Saving School (IBSSS) are facing a fuel shortage. They have been able to use fuel intended for the University of Iowa since the schools are both governed by the State Board of Regents and the Regents have contracted with the Sun Oil Co., to provide fuel for all their institutions. But IBSSS officials don't know how much longer this source will last. Standard Oil of Dubuque has told Iowa Municipal Light Plant at Independence the city won't be receiving its expected allot ment of fuel oil this winter. Independence can expect 44,500 gallons of oil from Standard Oil for February, compared with 118,000 gallons burned last February. Randy Pelham, student operator of Pammel Fuel Oil and Student Fuel Oil, said some of the 664 families in the university complex at Ames may start running out of oil this weekend if additional supplies aren't found. But voluntary action by FISH, a local community service group, has provided housing in the Ames community for 200 families from Pammel Court. However, some aren't as lucky. Mr. and Mrs. James Evans aren't sure what they'll do when their 25 gallons of fuel oil are gone. "We will have to stay here and try to keep warm with an electric heater, I guess," said Mrs. Evans. "We're from out of state (Beaver Falls, Pa.) and we don't have anyone else to movein with here in town or anyone close enough to commute." Pelham said that the fuel crisis could last throughout the winter if students can't find a guaranteed source for uninterrupted service. Although all levels of government have been and are working on the fuel problem, some of those who had their fuel supplies cut off put the blame on government. Mrs. H. L. Archer of Des Moines was one of MacMillan Oil Co.*s customers. She said she was "flabergasted" by the shortage. "It's silly to waste all that fuel on moon flights when there's not enough to heat homes," she said. And another Des Moines resident, Emil Sassatelli, said the government should do something about the fuel shortage. "They seem to have all kinds of fuel for the war in Vietnam and we sure could use some of it here," he said. Government officials were encouraged when the Nixon administration agreed to import 250 million gallons of additional fuel oil to the nation in the next four months. The federal action raises the import quota for No. 2 fuel oil coming from the Virgin Islands. There has been no indication of how much of the additional fuel oil would be earmarked for Iowa, but Sen. Harold Hughes, D-Iowa, warned against "expecting too much from these additional supplies." Hughes said if "all of the additional Virgin Islands fuel oil could be delivered to consumers today, it would all be gone by the day after tomorrow." Van Nostrand has estimated Iowa's deficit this winter at 50 million gallons, but said "any additional oil coming in will make a significant difference." Gov. Ray said that 5-10 per cent of fuel oil could be saved if people would conserve energy at home and has urged lo wans to turn down their heat while away from home and at night. Democrats Call Change 'Gag Rule McGovern Would Change Style If Running Again WASHINGTON (AP) - If he could do it over again, Sen. George McGovern says, his presidential campaign would be different: less travel, more television, less openess with the press, and more "no comments." "My confidence in the ability to get to people with appeals based on simple, old-fashioned virtues like trust and decency has been shattered," said the Democratic party's 1972 presidential nominee, who was overwhelmed by President Nixon in last November's election. As he eased back into the congressional routine— and geared up for his .'.974 senatorial re-election campaign— the South Dakota senator reflected in an interview on what he would do differently. "I'd conduct a cooler campaign," McGovern said. "Campaigning in three or four cities a day is a thing of the past. I don't think anyone will ever run for president that way again." McGovern added: "I had thought that, as an underdog, it would impress people with my determination and sincerity. But it didn't work that way." His advice for anyone contemplating a presidential campaign: Do less traveling and depend more on television— "fireside chats"— to carry your message to the voters. "I wouldn't be as open with the press," McGovern said. "I'd be more discreet, more cautious about baring my soul. There would be more 'no comments'." McGovern says the press did a poor job of covering the campaign. "I don't think the American people got a true picture," he said. "That was partly my fault and partly the fault of the press. I don't have harsh feelings for the press. I think they do a good job generally. But we had an unusual situation this time and neither I nor the press handled it quite right." The senator particularly resents what he considers the news media's gullibility in falling for the Nixon campaign's strategy of using "surrogate candidates." Day after day, McGovern said, various spokesmen for the Nixon administration were given equal play with the Democratic presidential nominee while Nixon was able to ride out the campaign without ever having to respond to McGovern's charges. McGovern's somber mood extended to the subject that pro- with us, he doesn't talk to us, he doesn't tell us anything. He just does." But, McGovern said, ending the war still is his top priority. He said of the stalled peace negotiations: "I'm not going around saying 'I told you so'. But it's perfectly obvious, as I warned, that President Nixon deliberately misled us." DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) Republicans on the Rules Committee of the Iowa House have approved rule changes which Democrats charge are designed to impose "gag rule" on them. Splitting strictly on party lines, the committee voted 7-5 Wednesday for the changes, which are subject to ratification by the entire House. Triggering the hottest discussion was a new rule on invoking the previous question, a parliamentary procedure to restrict debate on proposed legislation. In previous years, the House has permitted any member to speak on an issue after the vote to cut off debate, provided he had filed a written request to speak before the debate-limiting vote was taken. Rules Committee Republicans, however, voted for a suggestion by Rep. Robert Krea rner, R-Des Moines, to require that the request to speak be filed before the motion for the previous question is voiced on the House floor. Kreamer said the purpose of his proposal was to end what he called "the footrace to the well of the House" to file requests to speak after the motion was made and before the vote is taken on it. He said such a footrace is "un- Ringsted Stanley Jensens Announce Birth Of Granddaughter pelled him into presidential pol- home. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Jensen , announce the birth of a granddaughter, Melanie Kay Jensen, born to Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Jensen of Harlan, on Dec. 30, 1972. She weighed 5 pounds, 6V2 ounces. Mrs. Leona Johnson of Cushing is her maternal grandmother and Mrs. Frnaces Loewenberg her great-grandmother. Ladonna Jensen returned to Des Moines Sunday to resume nursing duties at the Iowa Lutheran Hospital after two weeks at the parental Stanley Jensen itics— the Vietnam war. "I'm terribly discouraged, almost at the point of despair," he said. "I don't know if Congress can do anything with the President. He doesn't consult Keith Widdel, son of Mr. and Mrs. Merwin Widdel of Ringsted received a B.A. at University of Wisconsin at Stevens Point in a graduating class of 420. Mr. and Mrs. Lester Polzin Armstrong Kathy Hovey in Florida For Interim Teaching Kathy Hovey, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Hovey, is at Fort Lauderdale, Fla., during the Augustana College internum, teaching in the lower elementary grades at the Nova Experimental School. She will return to Augus tana on Jan. 29. Mr. and Mrs. Glen Yackle of Estherville entertained recently Murray Berggren, Sheir Gangstee and Mr. and Mrs. Hilbert Waltz of Estherville and Mr. and Mrs. Millard Nutt. Mr. and Mrs. Larry Vigdal, Holly and Joy of St. Paul were recent guests in the parental Doyle Wagner home. Jeanna, Johanna and Paula Westerlund of Bancroft visited several days at the home their grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Gram. Bonnie Croch, a dietician at the Weisa Memorial Hospital in Chicago spent several days at the home of her brother, Dr. Jerry Crouch, and with her parents,Mr. and Mrs. Earl Crouch of rural Fenton. Mr. and Mrs. Tony Grabianowski recently entertained Mr. and Mrs. Steven Forshee of Waseca, Minn., Mr. and Mrs. Donal Forshee and family, Connie Wegner and Lori Thompson ofSweaCity, Bill Norton and Margaret Garteski of St. Charles, Minn., Mr. and Mrs. Robert Wegner and children and Mrs. Art Bradley and Michelle. Russell Oviatt of Magnolia has concluded a visit at the home of his grandmother, Mrs. Harriet Rovn. Mrs. Carolyn Whitlow and Robert spent several days with their daughter and sister, respectively, Dr. and Mrs. Don Boyle and family in Sioux City. Mr. and Mrs. Lee Hoppus, Todd and Neil of Westminister, Calif., have concluded a visit with the former's mother, Mrs. Ida Walders, a resident of the Valley Vue Nursing Home. They visited relatives in Dolliver and Fairmont, Minn. Dana Osborn has returned to Central College at McPherson, Kan., after spending the holidays at the parental Rev. and Mrs. Robert Osborn home. Mr. and Mrs. Norman Johnson, Curt and Terry, and David Holl of Jackson, Minn., visited recently with their grandmother, Mrs. Ruth Swartz of Estherville. Mr, and Mrs. Harold Wilkins and Mr. and Mrs. Jack King and family of Mason City, Mr. and Mrs. Don Knapp, Annette and Dewayne were recent guests in the Don Krough Home in Des Moines. Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Swartz and family visited recently with the former's mother, Mrs. Elsie Swartz in Estherville. Mr. and Mrs. Richard Walters and Stephanie of Estherville were recent guests in the Elmer Gram home. Mr. and Mrs. Eldon Brown of Fenton were recent visitors in the parental Harry Niemann home. Recent guests at the Everett Erickson home were Mr. and Mrs. Mike Sheldon of Storm Lake, Mr. and Mrs. John Timmons of Iowa City, Mr. and Mrs. Dettmer Thompson, and Lionell Thompson of Swea City, Eric Erickson of Minneapolis and Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Peterson. Mr. and Mrs. Leo Walders, Terry and Larry were recent guests at the Millard Nutt home. Margaret Garteski and Bill Norton of St. Charles, Minn., visited with the former's mother, Mrs. Loretta Mart, at the Valley Vue Nursing Home and with her sister, Mrs. Robert Wegner. becoming" and detracts from the dignity of the House. House Democratic leader Dale Cochran of Eagle Grove protested that such a rule would give Republicans, who have a 56-44 majority in the House, a big advantage and make it easy for them to muzzle Democrats who want to speak on any bill. He said the previous question motion is usually put by the majority floor leader, who might explain his intentions in a close d-door Republican caucus so that members of his party could file their requests to speak, then suddenly bring the debate-ending motion to a vote "and leave the minority party members out in the cold." "It sounds to me like you're beefing up the gag rule," declared Rep. Carl Nielsen, D-Algona. And Rep. Arthur Small, D- Iowa City, told Kreamer, "it seems to me it is more unbecoming to throttle discussion than to have a footrace for the right to speak." After Republicans prevailed on the vote, Cochran asserted: "I have the feeling the majority party is conscious of the additional strength theminority party has this session and is trying to rob us of our strength by tightening the gag rule." "That's not the intent," replied Rep. Edgar Holden of Davenport, Republican floor leader and Rules Committee chairman. "We want to conduct an orderly session and we are trying to adopt rules to do so." Army to Increase Guard Emphasis and Susan were Sunday visitors of Fremont Polzin at the Springfield, Minn., hospital. Staff Sgt. and Mrs. James A. Fisher and daughter, Ann, have arrived home from Minot, ND., after spending four years in the U.S. Air Force. They are visiting in the parental Donald Hoien and Don Fisher homes. Mr. and Mrs.Monty Fisher of San Antonio, Texas, were recent guest at the parental Don Fisher home in Emmetsburg. The Fishers' daughter, Jane, graduated from Texas Lutheran College in Sequin, Texas receiving a B.A. in elementary education with specialization in history. Music Boosters will hold a meeting Monday, Jan. 15, at 7:30 p.m. in Room 10 of Ringsted High School building. Discussion will be held on music awards; constitution; marching banner and gloves. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Steinkueh- ler of Harlan are parents of their second child, a daughter, Cami Sue, who born on Jan. 1, 1973, Shelby County's first New Year baby. She weighed 7 pounds IOV2 ounces and has a brother Terry, 2V2 years old. Grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. Randall Miller of Ringsted and Mr. and Mrs. Robert Stenkuchler of Sac City. Mrs. Bessie Miller of Ringsted and Mr. and Mrs. Fred Steinkuehler of Carnarvon. Mrs. Steinkuehler is the former Susan Miller. Mike Bonnicksen spent the last two weeks at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Glen Bonnicksen. Mike teaches photography in the John F. Kennedy School at Bloomington, Minn. Monte Bonnicksen and Mike Dallam, who are traveling in Europe spent Christmas with the Dennis McMillins in Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Glen Petersen of Aviano F. F. Base near Venice, Italy, spent the holidays with his brother, Sp. 4 Jerald Petersen near Frankfurt, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Harald Sorensen of Tyler, Minn., called on Mrs. Thyra Sorensen Saturday. Mrs. Alvera Ries left for her winter home at Ft. Myer, Fla., on Monday. Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Petersen visited the Niels Petersens at Estherville on Sunday, Mr. Petersen is a patient at the hospital. Mrs. Irene Petersen visited them on Wednesday. WASHINGTON (AP) - The Army is about to streamline its command structure for the first time in 11 years, aiming to strengthen readiness and efficiency, trim manpower and save an estimated $150 million to $200 million a year. Top Army officials planned to announce details at a news conference today. Advance indications pointed to a reduction of between 10,000 and 15,000 military and civilian personnel. No bases around the country will be closed, but some will be reduced in scope. The moves will result, among other things, in a 10-per-cent reduction of the Army staff at the Pentagon and a small cut in the number of generals. Two new major commands will be created to oversee the readiness of divisions and other units, individual training and development of new concepts and doctrine, and perform other functions. There will be increased emphasis on preparedness of the National Guard and reserves to back up a shrinking regular Army. Three major present commands and headquarters will be eliminated and the Army Materiel Command will be reduced in size. Army officials are hopeful that the trimming of headquarters staffs will quiet some congressional critics who have accused the Army of wasting manpower. The changes will not affect the structure of Army combat divisions, nor will it have any effect on Army commands overseas. Local base commanders will be given more responsibilities as the reorganization cuts away some of the layers between the field and major headquarters. The new plan, under development for many months, will create a Force Command at Ft. McPherson, Ga., to deal essentially with the readiness of regular, National Guard and reserve units. This command will take over some of the functions performed by the Continental Army Command at Ft. Monroe, Va. The Continental Army Command will go out of existence. At the same time, a Training and Doctrine Command will be set up at Ft. Monroe, responsible for individual training, Army schools and the ROTO in the nation's colleges. The Combat Developments Command, now at Ft. Belvoir, Va., will be absorbed into the Training and Doctrine Command. Ft. Belvoir will continue to be the Army Engineer Center. Meanwhile, the 3rd Army Headquarters at Ft. McPherson will be disbanded and its responsibilities taken over by the 1st Army Headquarters at Ft. Meade, Md. This will leave three regional Army administrative headqaarters: the 1st at Ft. Meade, the 5th at Ft. Sam Houston, Tex., and the 6th at San Francisco's Presidio. These three regional Army headquarters will concern themselves principally with supervision of National Guard and reserve activities In their areas. Quints Father Reports House Is Now 'Short Five Bedrooms' EVANSTON, 111. (AP) James Baer says his house is "short five bedrooms" but he still calls the birth of quintuplets to his wife a "miracle and a blessing." "I don't know what one baby costs, let alone five," Baer told newsmen at Evanston Hospital, where the quints were rushed shortly after their birth Friday in Highland Park Hospital. The three girls and two boys born to his wife, Lynn, 26, were the Baers' first children. The 30-year-old Northbrook stockbroker confirmed reports that his wife had taken fertility drugs and added, "If we had it to do over again, we would have repeated everything we've done. My wife and I wanted a family more than anything in the world and God knows we finally succeeded. . . ." The infants, ranging in weight from 1 pound, 11 ounces to 2 pounds, 14 ounces, are "beyond the most difficult period, said Thomas Gardner, the neonatology specialist caring for them. Gardner guessed the infants would spend two months in Evanston Hospital, a referral center for premature and high risk babies. He said all five children were receiving milk via nasal and gastric tubes and their color was good. "Their chances for survival are quite good," he said. Mrs. Baer was reported in excellent condition in Highland Park Hospital. Baer said he has had one "commercial offer" involving the infants and that he has not had the time to think about the added financial responsibilities. Recalling the moments during the birth of the quints, Baer said, "When I heard a doctor say, "My God, there's another one," I knew we had got more than the twins we had counted on." Baer said he was seated on the floor in the fathers' waiting room when he learned the news of the fifth birth - "I just couldn't stand up any longer." Use Hollow Ox Horn Battle Call For Short but Continuous Battles JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) — Tension starts building when a call to battle echoes from a hollow ox horn. Livestock is herded to a neutral kraal as a precaution against defeat. Cooking pots, blankets, clothing, transistor radios and other valuables are also stored in a safe place. Traditional war songs, homemade beer and much foot-stomping help create the mood. Children and the aged are moved to a spot where they can watch the promised battle, but retreat farther if necessary. Enemy tribesmen slowly gather to face each other from opposing hilltops, their blankets concealing weapons until the proper moment. The men may try to psych their opponents by moving toward them menacingly, then shuffling back. The speed at which they advance from the hilltop is a ploy designed to intimidate the enemy. Finally, when it's clear to leaders of both units that the time has come, they charge for a few moments of fierce hand- to-hand combat before retreating to regroup and re-enter the fray. This is a faction fight, Africa's version of feuding between rival groups. The weapons are less sophisticated than the guns of New York mobsters, but embattled tribesmen are no less vicious when they feel their honor is at stake. During a single August weekend near Libode more than 50 men were killed in last year's bloodiest encounter. It was weeks before a fragile peace was established and terrified survivors and their relatives slipped back from hiding in dense undergrowth. Faction fights often occur on Christmas and other holidays when would-be warriors relax with a calabash of beer and contemplate revenge for real or imaginary wrongs. The scene of much faction fighting is the Transkei, homeland of the Xhosa and other smaller tribes. From June 1971 to last March police reported 36 pitched battles in 16 of the Transkei's 29 districts. Almost 200 persons died, some with their skulls crushed, others dismembered, eviscerated or horribly mutilated. Official statistics recorded only 39 wounded. Police rush reinforcements, including a reconnaissance helicopter and a mobile charge office, to areas rumored to be ripe for a fight. Tribesmen usually cool it until the cops depart and then pick up their weapons. These vary from tribe to tribe. A broad-bladed wooden spear called the assegai is a favorite. Xhosa warriors prefer two sticks. A rod weighted with metal is used to fell an opponent. A plain staff discourages the loser from rejoining the fracas. Fatalities are comparatively rare In an intramural Xhosa battle, but broken bones and concussions are common. The Bomvana tribe is the "heavy mob." They like to go on the warpath with firearms. The Pondo equips himself with assegais, axes and knives. Fatalities are often heavy. A breakdown in tribal authority makes faction fights dangerous in the Transkei. A tribal location is a scattering of rural huts over' a wide area under the jurisdiction of a single headman. This Transkei version of the "Godfather" often has an unofficial rival, usually a sub- headman. The supporters of each man split away and young men do not associate with others of their age across the tribal divide. Alliances are forged with neighboring locations where similar divisions may exist. A senior police officer in the Transkei summed it up: "Such fights are a common thing in these parts and are nothing to get perturbed about."
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