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iiiimiimmmiimimmimmmiiimimmiiiimiimmiiimmiiiimiiiiiiiiin miiiiimiiiimiiiiiiiiimi FARM NEWS , mmmm « ,„,„„ iiniiiiin a n mn miimniiiroiiniinim mmm immiiilimrn iininiinin Good Morning Would the real ecologist Feeders and p i ease step forward ? Hi Mom! By Eddie Collins HI MOM 1 HPV, congratulations, to the Cowrnpn of thp USA!! Under attack and pressure from con- snrnpr and governmental groups, their leaders of Cattle- Organizations, Bureaus, and Associations did not break thpfr norrti'tl pace as they purposefully and smilingly proceed on thpir quest for creased insurance sales, and additional commissions. A ',"•!, leaders took time to firo telegram to \Vashington and a newsletter to their members. Unfortunately, who else saw thp message? What am I taking about? Mom, last week thf- American c'Ufl"n,°n were overmatched from many directions. It started with I.RJ's ex-Con- sumpr Guide, Mrs. Esther Peterson, who surely uses Eleanor Poos•'-vplt for herbeau- tifiration guidelines with a I ft?2 hairdo that doos her great .lustier-. Ksther, now a chain executive v.'i'h Giant Foods of Washinsrton, has inserted full pac-p advertisements and ap- r/'p.red on national TV urging ronsurnprs not to buy beef! Rut Cowmen sat blissfully by. Thpv hid when the USDA raispd thp Import Quotas; whpn the U>D.\ Grading .Service ser up .'i new standard for "Bulls:--not n Bullocks;" v/M'-n 'he U.SDA erred on the Pit' Crop 1-v T and missed the cattl" slaughter Iv,- 21,000head on W.ishir.eton's "Union" birthdav; and prred bv 8000 lipad thf third wpok in March. .Ml pvpnts wr.fp psychological depressants and sent iinished cattjp and boff prices down .f-30 :i hp.id from rnid February throiieh March 23th. Not one It was past Urn" to attack. To Rp H"ard. It was time to rock thp nation, to boycott G-iint. Tim" for Cowbelles and rriwmpn to ^o to Washington — to ramp on a Giant Foods parkin? lot and hand out "dog biscuit" sandwiches —Free — if* Giant customers who were bpinc' tolri of thp cattlemen's prppd. Tirnp to whip up a cattlpni D n's frpn/.y. Time to juit (par of futurp roporcuss- ,ioi.-: in the rninds and hearts •of all th"s" saint-like, fork- tonciipd ronsumer Guides. ','." nppd a dynamic, howl- inc forco. Unfortunately, we pot n whisper—a whimper fron, 'he handsorno Rill Me Millpn, debonair lobbyist,who claimed hif/h cos's and proclaimed sorn"thinc; about 1C minutes and 32; seconds of labor would buy a pound of beef. Mrs. Peterson laughed him aside. Mom, millions of dollars are collected by various associations. Is there not one fund that meets emergencies forcefully and quickly 0 Must problems lie met too late, until ultra-conservative directors meet and table suggestions for further study? On last Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesdav the Terminal (Reprinted through the courtesy of Farmland Industries.) God created the earth and man; fold him to be fruitful, multiply and subdue the land. And pollution began. To listen to some of today's self-appointed critics, however, you'd think it all started yesterday. Rather than permit the real ecoloelst to step forward, opportunists have leaped aboard the ecological bandwagon to issue not too infrequent and indiscriminate potshots via the mass media. Their targets have varied. One of the more favorite ones has been the American farmer. Maybe It's time we raised the question: is he taking a bum rap—being made a fall guy, because of a few minds which sow fantasy, not fact? Indeed, pollution invaded the lands, streams and atmosphere of this planet long before the notion of farming or use of fertilizer ever gave birth in man's mind. Exploitation of the environment first began with man's struggle to survive. He pillaged the ground for food and fiber, orected shelters, and then mammoth industrial complexes—paying small heed to the reckless way in which he was tampering with nature's balance. Man's reproduction of himself, however, became his real undoing. Now it poses the threat, of his own annihilation. Not until 1800 did the world's population reach the billion mark. Since then it has more than tripled! Each geometrical increase In population has triggered a corresponding upsurge in the amount of garbage, wastes toxic fumes and other matter dumped, expelled, or spewed into the land, streams, and atmosphere. two-million pounds. When you consider that the manure absorbed is only one-tenth of one percent of the soil's total weight, its Insignificance quickly comes Into focus. (In- cidentiy, if you're of the opinion you can't afford to haul and spread the manure from your feedlots - better sharpen your pencil. One of these days you may no longer have a choice!) The real ecologist would tell you that that of the three ecological systems (air, land, waterX soils are undoubtedly the most complex. They are inhabited by multitudes of Varying organisms—many vi sible to the naked eye and others indistinguishable, except, under the most powerful ml- scropes. The function they perform Is vital; they break down natural and man-made materials and organic residues into more simple forms. It may seem paradoxical that soils can possess such self-cleansing powers on the one hand, and yet be so hopelessly contaminated on the other. How does this relate to pollution? Perhaps Dr. Charles Eno, Chairman of the Department of Soils at the University of Florida, can help unravel the mystery. He defines, or states that pollution occurs only when: ... an excess of one or more substances prevents plants or animals from surviving or living in a satisfactory manner ... the soil is a source of significant contamination to the atmosphere and water ... the soil is otherwise overloaded with a substance that reduces its value to man Did you know that as long as soils remained untouched, soil, rainfall and chemical runoff. He has planted trees and hedges to check soil erosion by water and wlnd--stlllhaun- ted by the nightmarish dust storms of the early •SO's. He has created artificial lakes to conserve water, provide havens for wildlife, and provide reservoirs for Irrigation, . . He has curbed the spread ot noxious weeds, reclaimed de^ Dieted lands, and Instilled new vigor into once lifeless soil. It Is this kind of management of soils and fertilizers which has been so responsible in warding off soil erosion, and thereby, averting subsequent pollution of our streams. To demonstrate just how inconsequential proper application makes fertilizer as a potential pollutant, we cite the earlier soil weight factor. Spreading 300 pounds of ammonium nitrate over an acre of soil (two-million pounds), amounts to incorporating scarcely more than one one- hundredth of one percent of the soil's total weight! Consider further, that less than half of this fertilizer (102 pounds) is nitrogen, and 150 bushels of corn extracts as much as 270 pounds of nitrogen out of this one acre. It takes.no Einstein to grasp the fact that there's just no possible way for a residue to remain behind and eventually find its way into our streams! It is puzzling why the detractors seemingly brush aside or ignore such facts. Are they failing to understand that it's the high state of fertility now practiced which promotes vigorous plant growth (and, that's right, puts oxygen back in the air*), creates nugh reservoirs of plant nutrients for future consumption, and cuts •pollution of the earth and streams to an absolute minimum? Now they're advocating government intervention. The war chant Is for clamping controls on the American farmer! If history repeats Itself, It will produce a sea of red tape, and uncover relics of the past—outmoded methods long ago discarded. Such meddling can only serve to stifle Incentive, hamper progress, and padlock the creative mind of the American farmer. If the uproar has produced anything constructive, It's the reinstatement of the cover crop system. This system maintains plant cover where- ever possilbe, and aids in controlling soil erosion by: . . . absorbing plant nutrients . . . adding organic matter to the soil . . . converting carbon dioxide into oxygen . . . improving the tilth of the soil . . . reducing runoff . , , serving to Indicate when plant nutrients are out of balance probaby one of the most striking statements relating to the ecology, Is Dr. Eno's giving preferential ranking to the soil. He states: "It (the soil) is the most important, because in it are all the elements of the other segments of the environment (atmosphere and water) . . . from it springs, we hope eternal, all forms of life." Dr. George E. Smith, Di- rector of water Resources Research Center and Professor of Agronomy at the university of Missouri, stresses the importance of fertilizers by listing these attributes: . . , their nutrients can be credited for more than a third of the food production In this . , , they contribute to the quality, as well as the quantity of foods and feeds. . . . they Increase protein . . they Improve animal efficiency through Improved quantity and quality of forages and grain . . . they are slowing soil fertility decline . , . they are reducing soil erosion . . , they are sulfur scavengers (via good crop grow- ... they help remove large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere The Intent here has been not only to Inform, but to bring this whole business of protecting our environment Into perspective. What weliave ^tempted to say Is that the Blame rests not solely with the farmer or other of the alleged violators--but with everyone. Yes, this even includes our more vociferous critics and John Q. Public. The farmer will shoulder his part through the implementation of responsible fertilization programs, and by Increasing the practice of utilizing irrigation water as a carrier of nitrogen solution. The real ecologist would attest to this. If we gave him the chance to step forward, that is. . . . Russ Weiss *A 100 bushel crop of corn not only wilt remove carbon dioxide from the air, but will supply enough oxygen to support the lives of 12 people for a year! Off Jeers elected for Milk Association At the reorganization meeting at Omaha, Nebraska, of the Central states Milk Association, a division of Mid-America Dairymen, Inc. of Springfield, Missouri, Mr, Eugene Flynn of Blair, Nebraska, was re-elected President, Edward De Boer of Or- ange city wa s Vice-president, Chesley of Caifi braska, was - y cretary. Mr. Eugene rivm „ McHargue, Edward^ Don Meier, and UOM son were elected r"- ' serve on the & of Springfield, „.„ There are six UIY1 ... the Mid-America Dill Inc: Minnesota, Westenl Nebraska, Iowa, •• • a part of Texas. We suspect are surprised that'thevj ongas well as they do. Lawn Seed Mixture $4.00 per 5# bag Lawn Seed Mixture $37.50 per 50# bag Lawn Bluegrass Seed per pound LAWN SEED Farmer's Mutual Cooperative Assi Orange City, Iowa. M J d.iiir», AIHJ aiiiiuaiJiic* '=. - mn Who is guilty? All of us— organisms experienced little vrinl fat cattle were 2!",/5 10 higher, (3C.40 at Sioux City, .T7.2r, at joliot on the first advance in lour weeks). Then calamity in thf personage of Secretary John Connally. In a Imsinr'ss that if two competition storns gpt thoir heads topplhpr thf? market suffers. Kir, Connally palled togRther tho leaders of the nation's twflvn largest r-hains!!! Thn Yellow Sheet on steer IjppI sat Sl.HO bplow the Au- tnist 14 Phase I price freeze. Hut HIP ill-informed Mr.Con- nallv liy persuasion and suggestion set in force indirect prifp controls. Direct re- siilt.s; another $2 drop in car- lo! lK>cf!'Mr. Connally who had orifrinallv left no Phase I puidolines, nude strickly a political IMOVP, hut will be- coiii" the consumer's White Knight! Guilty chain stores will evolve chaste and the protpctors against thp plotting cattlemen. Cattlemen will end up the culprits. But Mom, whenver a concerned group goes to Washington filled with fire and anxious to (ip.stroy the Walls of Joricho, guess whpre they pnd up? °li, posing for pictures with their inept, brag- gadocious Senator or Representative who paternally reads them a mimeographed page from OUR of his speeches and tells them of the hopelessness of combatting the consumer plurality. Mom, if that argument is true and we have 200 million telephones but only one phone combine, then how come the consumer can not politically overwhelm there, too? Or is that where the campaign money lies? including those who delight in finger-pointing, "Ecology" is not a new word--it first appeared in the dictionary in 1873. Nor is the ecologist a recent invention of man. He appeared on the scene long ago, accumulating knowledge in a field that has grov.-n highly technical. Prudence has been his trademark--not the issuance of careless remarks. Because of this, his image has been more pedestrian than sensational. Now, all of a sudden, the rnountion clamor over pollution has projected him into a household word. Overnight, the issue of enviroment has been turned into a politcal football, and become fashionable to debate. For all his new-founded prominence it's not the ecologist that is being heard from, but rather the more vocal, sometimes overzealous critics. Perhaps if we allowed the real ecologists to step forward and gain the floor for a moment, we might hear something like this: Ecology, as a science, is extremely broad in scope--not an easy subject to understand. Did you know, for instance, that pollution is not merely the pouring of refuse into the soil, streams, and air? That some soils are inherently polluted—and there's not a solitary think that can be done in such cases? Soils can bo so high in salt content that it's impossible for plants to grow in them. Conditions exist where excessive selenium accumulations in the soil will affect not only plant life, but all forms of animal life! Did you know that certain materials can be dumped into the ground, waters, or air and not leave one trace of contamination? Soils rank second only to the seas as disposal systems for our waste products. They dispose of unwanted materials by diluting them in various mediums. Through them, waste products become dispersed chemically absorbed, an.d eventually lose their identity. An acre of land, for example, can dilute and disperse a ton of manure with surprising ease--leavlng no sign of residue. This is not so astonishing if viewed mathematically. Six inches of surface soil in an acre weighs I must say on dues collecting, on checkoffs, at bars during conventions, our Cattle Executives are great. On small issues, they are unexcelled. But any emergency with expenses to three figures, or on any lobbying issue beyond coyote protection or the hand shaking, stage, we'd be better off to hire a bartender from the BPOE or a hustler at the difficulty in breaking dov/n foreign. matter into simple forms? The picture altered once man,began to overburden his fields, 'hew down forests, and strip whole ranges with grazing herds. Soils robbed of their nutrients, decayed into dead fields. Forests shorn of their trees were abandoned-deserted seas of rotting stumps. Ravaged pastures turned into wastelands. When man awoke to the havoc he had wrought, he had barely enough time to crawl back along a cracking limb. By the early IBOO's soils were washing away at an alarming rate. His back to the wall, man scrambled to avert disaster. He turned to the art of good land use, and the judicious application of chemicals and fertilizers to pump nutrients back into exhausted soils. Isn't it ironical that the very elements which have played a key role in helping to restore and preserve our land— not to mention increase farm production a thousand-fold-should now rank among the favorite targets of the critics. Instead of leveling wholesale blasts at chemicals and fertilizers as pollutants, perhaps it's time we return to school and brush up on our facts. Maybe we could begin by listening to the real eco- loRist. * A special message to the corn growers Sioux Coun Every year since we introduced BUX" Corn Rootwprm Insecticide in 1966, ORTHO has received comments like the following from farmers throughout the corn belt. We thought you might like to know how some of your own neighbors feel about BUX. Chevton *" ORTHO Chevron Chemical Company pool hall. livy uca ! 2—THE SIOUX COUNTY CAPITAL, Thursday, April 6, We'd learn, for instance, that fertilizers are nothing more than re fined or upgraded products of nature itself, being cycled back through nature for the economic production of food and fiber. We'd learn that the simple application of fertilizer is not what harms the land—It's the way in which it's utilized. It is improper or excessive application which contributes to soil contamination. And, admittedly, this does occur in isolated cases. But far more, than not, is the farmer to be allied with the aims of today's ecologists. He is doing his part through programmed fertilizing based upon reliable soil and plant analysis. Fertilizer applied properly protects the land through the growth of crop plants, which in turn minimizes the possibility of any kind of pollution. Runoff is controlled, thereby checking any chance of soil erosion. The American farmer's list of contributions is protecting our environment is less than modest. He has checked silt runoff by extablishing grass on steep land, waterways, detention ponds, and farm lakes — created by damming erodible ravines. He has built terraces, and engaged in contour and strip cropping to bank or contain Mr. Marlin Eilts of Sioux County is another satisfied BUX user. Here's what he has to say: "We started using BUX four or jive years ago after we hegan having ruotwonn trouble and have had good success with it. It's easy to calibrate and there's no had smell either. It seems to carry right through the season even with heavy rain. We'll he using it again next year because it's always the same material. Don't have to change calibration or the insecticide boxes at all." ff,nii >!>R uv mnU> of P1 ymouth County is another RUX user. Here's what he has to say: get root loss in the field, you don't pick « corn picker. That's why I like BUX. It's « Rreat job for me. It's easy to handle."