Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on July 23, 1957 · Page 3
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July 23, 1957

Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Tuesday, July 23, 1957
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Editorial- Delay Seems to Be the Permanent Congress Mood Every year Congress to cMded lit the spring months for not doing •nough. Actually this has been a pretty standard pattern for a long time. Of more crucial concern is a developing congressional habit of putting'things off not from month to month but from year to year. The day hardly goes by now without a news story suggesting that one or another piece of major legislation is being shoved asl It used to'be the citizens of Brooklyn who said:., "Wait till next year." Now it's tht boys on Cap! tol Hill. Hardy perennials like statehood j for Alaska and Hawaii crowd the list of postponed bills- ' The issue of federal aid to education, having been kicked around for a decade, still hangs suspended. Obviously it deserves to be settled one way or the other. Uncertainty breeds Inaction at the state and local level, where responsibility for school construction and teacher aid rests if there is to be no federal he»p. This has been a big year for disclosures of racketeering and financial finagling in labor unions, but chances are reported slim that Congress will do anything promptly to correct the situation by legislation. Congress has been deferring year after, year suggested administration revisions in the Taft- Hartley labor law. Times Herald, Carroll, Iowa Tuesday, July 23, 1957 Looks Like a Long Wait Instead of Z^"^'- And so it goes. Some measures of consequence do get through the mill, of course, bui their number is low. Postponement seems to be the permanent mood of Congress. Why do today what you can put off until tomorrow—and the day after? •* Next year is an election year, and there is no finer excuse for further postponing action. The lawmakers always find it easy to avoid doing "something they think might alienate one set or another of voters. U- There may come a day of reckoning when voters will be -more insistent that legislators do what they are sent to Washington for, instead of jockeying for political position so they can get back to the capital to do nothing all over again. Thoughts And the Lord answered the an gel that talked with me with good words and comfortable words. — Zechariah 1:13. Oh, many a shaft at random sent Finds mark the archer 1 i tt 1 e meant! And many a word at random spoken e May soothe, or wound, a heart thats broken!—Sir Walter Scott. Scott. Konev May 3e Real Red Power By LEON DENNEN NEA Staff Correspondent VIENNA - (NEA)—Word has flashed from Moscow to the satellite capitals to watch for the rise of a Russian general whose military maxim is, "Decide what the enemy expects of you, then do the opposite." He is Marshal Ivan S. Konev. 59, the barrel-chested commander of 8,000,000 Soviet and satellite troops. Keeping an up-t.opdate "Who's Who in Moscow" is a life and death matter to officials in Warsaw, Prague and other satellite capitals. And so I can report that the news of Konev's importance in the Kremlin power struggles is not to be dismissed lightly. It comes to me directly from a satellite diplomat of long acquaintance who has just come here from his country. Saved Khrushchev Western diplomats have known from the beginning of the Soveit June purge that only the intervention of Marshal Georgi Zhu- kov saved the skin of party boss Nikita Khrushchev. This has led to discussion in President Who Is Konev? Ivan Stepanovich Konev, marshal of the Soviet Union and commander of the Warsaw Pact armies, is a burly, steely-eyed man of 59, one of the outstanding Russian military leaders in World War II. Son of peasants, he joined the Communist Party and the Red Army in 1918 and fought in the revolution. When only 27 he became a corps commander in the Ukraine and was a delegate to the party congress. His military and party careers have moved on parallel lines ever since. In 1937 and 193a Stalin engaged in a bloody purge of Red Army officers. Konev's role is not recorded but it is known that one year after' the slaughter of his fellow Fight for Hawaiian Shipping Sparks Monopoly Headache By PETER EDSON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON - (NEA) - A fight for Hawaiian shipping rights between two U.S. companies illustrates many of the problems in the current round of congressional investigations into over-concentration in American industry, freedom of competition and regulation of monopolies. This case hangs on a recent Federal Maritime Board decision denying Pacific Far East Line the right to have ships on its unsub- j sidized U.S.-Guam - Japan route j call at Hawaii three times a j month to pick up or discharge j cargo. j Matson Navigation Co. has pro-: vided service between the U. S. j Pacific Coast and Hawaii for over j 70 years. With an investment of j 35 million dollars, it has built up: its business to the point that it now handles 95 per cent of the traffic. Since Hawaii is American territory,, this route is considered "coastwise" shipping. As such it is entitled to certain protection under the American Merchant Marine Act. Matson does not receive a subsidy for its Hawaii service,* though It is subsidized on its wholly owned Oceanic Steamship Co. route to Australia. Pacific Far East Line also receives a subsidy on another route to Japan and Hong Kong. The question raised by PEEL on the Matson Hawaii service is whether it constitutes a monopoly which should be opened to further competition. One additional' factor here is that three of Matson* s directors are high officials on three of Hawaii's "Big Five" companies that have dominated the islands' agricultural industries for many years. Practically all of Hawaii's sugar and pineapples move to the U.S. in Matson ships. Three years ago American Pres- \ ident Lines and Pacific Far East applied to Federal- Maritime Board for the right to carry cargo to and from Hawaii. Later APL withdrew. After a year and a half of hearings, 7,500 pages of testimony and 1,750 exhibits, FMB Examiner F J. Horan found that PEEL's application would not result in unfair competition. But the full board reversed the examiner's recommendation and denied PEEL's application for Hawaiian j rights. Federal Maritime Board operates as an independent agency within Department of Commerce. Its decisions are not subject to approval by the president, as are Civil Aeronautics Board's. But refusing to be stopped by the Maritine Board's two-to-one opinion against it,. Pacific Far East promptly filed application for review and took the case to court in two suits. In District of Columbia Federal Court PEEL has filed suit against the three Maritime Board members individually, with Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks thrown in as a fourth defendant, for supporting a "near perfect monopoly." In District Court of Appeals, PEEL is suing to have the board's decision reversed. There have been only three such suits filed against the reorganized Maritime Board. In 1959 American President Lines sued to amend a subsidy granted to Pacific Transport Lines and Pacific Far East. APL lost. Two years ago APL sued Maritime Board over a definition of capital employed in determination of its subsity rate. Again APL lost in District Court and on appeal. Isbrandtsen Lines sued the board in 1955 to have a subsidy denied American Export Lines because of its pooling agreement on carrying Egyptian cotton. This suit is still pending. not be attacked only a few years ago. Radium and X-rays are also used successfully in some cancers, either with or without surgery. With the general (and correct) belief that cancer, if it can be caught early, can be treated more successfully has come an increasing fear of the disease. So successful has been the campaign to get 1 the benefits of early diagnosis that many people are constantly in a state of alarm about cancer. It is true that there is no single test which will reveal the presence or absence of cancer anywhere in the body. The discovery of such, a test would be 3 tremendous boon and possibly is not far off. At present a person who has been examined for cancer, and in whom it has not been found, should cease to worry, as worry will accomplish nothing. The answer to the cancer problem lies in research. Results will not come overnight, unless there is some lucky break or brilliant observation. But some clue will surely be found as to the cause, methods or prevention or treatment. Meanwhile, we must use the means at hand which are to pay attention to warning signs promptly, employ modern diagnostic Crow's Nest By J. W Wilson Capital improvements and the state tax question grow more complicated. Calling of a special session of the legislature, in an effort to reach a solution to the problem of taxation, is apparently not nearly so attractive as it appeared at the time the governor vetoed the appropriations for capital investments and the tax measure which was to provide the funds for such improvements. * * * The situation is a creation of the governor and he must assume the entire responsibility. It is likewise his responsibility to decide whether a special session of the legislature [ is necessary. It is up to the Iegis- i lature, if called, into special ses- jsion. to decide what the solution is to be. The governor can suggest special session and endeavor to what he would like to have done. That is as far as he can go. He is in no position to ask that the governor, and he the responsibility. * * * As the thing now shapes up it could be that the action of the governor will cost the state more in the end than the saving the governor made for taxpayers by elimination of the one-half cent sales tax. If the session is called, special elections will have to be held in several counties to fill vacancies in the legislature. Increase costs for the improvements are sure to be encountered. Then there is the cost of the special session, and that could be rather expensive in the end. So all in all it might easily turn out that the governor in his zeal to cutback the sales tax percentage has actually increased the cost to the taxpayers of Iowa. hower's press conference of an exchange of visits between Zhukov and U. S. Defense Secretary Charles E. Wilson. Now it appears that President Eisenhower and other Western officials may have been focusing on the wrong Russian general. "To be sure," said my diplomat acquaintance. "Zhukov is the living symbol of anti-Stalinism. Stalin exiled him to the Odessa garrison; Stalin died; Zhukov came back to Moscow; Zhukov put his j nas officers began Stalin decorated him with the Order of the Red 1 Star and the Order of the Red, Banner and promoted him to an! army command. At the 18th Congress of the party the next year Eisen- ] ne was elected an alternate mem- marshal, Voroshilov, and the 'Chie( of Staff, Konev. "Leave Voroshllov to me,' snapped Molotov. 'You talk with Konev.' Tells Khrushchev \ "That very evening, Zhukov apparently remembering the bitterness of his Odessa exile under Stalin and Molotov, informed Khrushchev of the whole conversation. "The following morning (June 20), forewarned and with Zhukov's assurance of support, Khrushchev launched into a three hour tirade to the Central Committee in which he castigated M o lo t o v Malenkov, Kaganovich and Shepi- lov, Bulganin, Voroshilov and Sus- lov. Bulganin, Voroshilov and Sus- ous day. Game Up I "Zhukov summoned four army •divisions to Moscow to back the ; play. One of them, an airborne df* j vision, landed at Moscow's Vnuko- i vo air field. ber of the party's Central Committee. As Russian representative on the Allied Control Council at Vienna after the war. Konev prompted this comment by U S. Gen. Mark W. Clark: "A mental robot, saying only what had been written for him as though his tongue moved only when wound by a key in the Kremlin." Since the death of Stalin Konev been mentioned rarely in the "And so it was that on the morning of the 20th Molotov and Malenkov saw that they had been double-crossed by Zhukov and their game was lost. "Khrushchev had carried the day with the aid of Zhukov and his divisions but against widespread discontent among young army officers and members of the rising technical bureaucracy." The diplomat concluded this account by asserting that this discontent must surely lead to another drastic shift in Kremlin power this time with Khrushchev on the losing side. to see Army Zhu- sup- avoid unreasonable fear. SO THEY SAY will come leaders are Peace possibilities closer since the Arab convinced that Israel is here to stay. — Premier David Ben-Gurion. methods and treatments — and | legislative members make any commitments previous to the calling of a special session. * • » There is of course an outside chance that the governor will decide to forego the hazards of a special session and endevor to get along on what money there might be available. Should he follow that course the state will suffer, especially the educational institutions and the mental hospitals. They need additional facilities badly. They have needed the improvements for several 'years, but previous legislatures did not face up to that responsibility. The last legislature did make a start toward the needed facilities problem. It was probably not. as much as is actually needed. Then the troops behind Khrushchev and i Soviet P res s- Experts djffer on his 'out-voted' the Presidium. But it | relationship with Zhtikov. The is no means certain that Zhukov i magazine New Leader, usually is in fidl control of the Red Army, authoritative on Russian matters, "The last word is likely to come! portrayed them two years ago as from Ivan Konev and the young- i at odds - However Harry Schw.artz er officers." 5 °f the New York Times said in the The diplomat who "fingered" I same year that tlie J' were "close Konev gave me a detailed account of the struggle whieh unseated V. M. Molotov and other Old Bolsheviks and established Khrushchev in shaky control, thanks to the "intervention of Marshal Zhukov. It differs in some details from so-called authentic versions leaked in Moscow to an Italian Communist correspondent. "After the Hungarian revolu- j tion," my acquaintance said, '.'Khrushchev found himself deserted in the Presidium by everybody including his friend, (Premier Nokolai) Bulganin. Relations Strained "His relations with Zhukov also were strained. It was, as a matter of fact, Zhukov who gave the Presidium members Red Army intelligence reports which described how badly Khrushchev had mishandled the Hungarian situation. "Zhiikov blamed Khrushchev for excessive self • confidence which hand. Molotov rushed kov and beg for Red port. "Molotov told Zhukov. "This is the end. Nikita's decentralization plan is tearing to shreds the economic plan (Gosplan) and the col lectivication of the Soviet Union. His criminal policies have led us to the brink of greater disturb' ances in Poland and Czechoslova' kia. We may lose East Germany Nikita must be stopped — as we stopped (Lavrenti) Beria.' "Zhukov replied that before he could decide such a fateful course he would have to consult the old IVAN KONEV ... His may be the last word In Russia's present power struggle. Q — Who composed tbe famous song "The Little Brown Church in the Vale"? A — Dr. William S. Pitts. Tra-' had allowed the Hungarians to get Row can there be clean (hydrogen) bombs for dirty things? — Soviet Communist Party Chief Nikita Khrushchev, attacking President Eisenhower's talk about a "clean" bomb. It Is our belief that the (Japanese) court will reach the conclusion that ... it (firing range death of Japanese woman) was a, . . - .. regrettable accident. — Maj. Stan-j governor changed the course whenj scribers were listed in the dlrec ley Levin. Army legal adviser to I he used his veto power. So the tory. defendant G.I. William Girard. dition says he received only $25 for the song and that he used the money to help pay his entrance to a Chicago medical school. Q — Which is the most northerly post office in the U.S.A.? A — The United States post office at Penasse, Minn. Q — Why is the right side of a ship called the starboard side? A — It stems from the old English "steor-board," meaning steering side, because early sailing ships all had the steering oar placed on the right side. Q — When was the first telephone directory issued? A — On Feb. 21, 1878, by the New Haven. Conn., Telephone Company. The names of 50 sub- * DR. JORDAN SAYS * «y IDWIN •. JORDAN, M.D., Written tar NIA Service Unfounded Fears Raised in Many by Cancer Talk on The amount of information cancer Is reaching stupendous proportions. Although this means It is hard to keep up with developments, this fact encourages the hope that the solution to many of our problems with' this dread disease Is approaching. In fact, most publications on cancer either report the 'results of investigation on Doily Times Herald Daily Except Sundays and Holidays By The Herald Publishing. Company 105 West Fifth Street * Carroll, lowa^ • JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered aa aeeond class matter at the poal"office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated PressU entitled t e* eluilvely „, to the uae for brail the local nt^t .. republication printed In newspaper patches. aa wall aa all AP Official Paper of County and Cityj Subscription. Rates By Carrier Boy TQellvery 'in Carroll per^ UMI^ CarroU. Adjoining Counties, per, .yea/ Carroll, AdloTnlai'Counttea, per roonth Elsewhere In Iowa, year, lsewhere ip Iowa, ittonf it Iowa, year- _|10 0O the cause, diagnosis or treatment, or the need to speed our. research. The apparently mysterious way in which cancer attacks its victims causes this disease to be feared even more than other equally serious conditions. The impression that cancer is attacking more and more people needs clarification. If fewer people die in, .infancy or youth, as is the case today, obviously more will survive to an age when cancer is more common. This naturally makes one think that more people have cancer now than in the past, A full understanding of the causes of cancer is ndt yet here. However, in some animals cancer will appear in generation after generation. Also, cancer seems to run more in some families than in others. We know further that in susceptible anirnals certain irritating substances can produce cancer, whereas if the irritating substance is not present the animals remain free of the disease- ' Many other interesting, facts about cancer are known and it is thus false to believe that nothing whatever is known of its origin. Treatment of ca.ncer hjeft.bttan improving, Many cancers can ^ ^tHohwt by wirg«ry which There are many cases of people not in love marrying, and after they get married they build happy lives. — Soviet Community Party Chief Nikita Khrushchev, on co«existence between capitalist and Communist worlds. Bible Comment- An Ancestor of Jesus With warmer days we'll see more of the clinging type of t gals, right on the backs of motorcycles. When some husbands make the wife's relatives feel right at home, they're hypocrites. Any wealthy man who has really worked for all he's worth is an exception. Remember Way Back When Nineteen Seven- Prof. A. W. Crane has resigned his position as science teacher here and accepted a similar position in the schools at Ida Grove. Nineteen Seven— . Rev, Clinton J. W. Triem. the new pastor of the Presbyterian Church, moved his household goods to this city from Logan last Wednesday. Nineteen Seven- Mrs. Merrit Winter and younger daughter Lucy left last week for Hot Springs, S. D., and from there went to Crawford, Neb., to visit Mrs. Winter's brother,, F. A. Macomber. Nineteen Seven— A jolly crowd consisting of John Helder, Frank Staak Jr. of Mar- aeillea,. Ill,, Henry Wahs, J. J.' fuigieyrFrank Schmich, and William Walsh of Cedar Rapids, accompanied by their ladies, Emma Heider, May Rohner, Agnes Adams, Tessle Curiey, Carrie Neu, and Nellie Qurley, rusticated at M Lake View last Thursday. By WILLIAM E. G1LROY, D.D. An entire Book of the Bible is devoted to the story of Ruth, a great, if not the greatest, of Old Testament women. I think that for forcefulness of character and achievement I would give the word "greatest" to Deborah. She was the judge of Israel, whose sheer strength of will find wisdom was such that the palm tree under which she dwelt (Judges 4:5) became the place where people came for judgment. Moreover, her power and influence were such that Barak, the military leader, would not go to fight unless she went with him (Judges 4:9). But I imagine that great and admirable as Deborah was she may not have been a gentle, or particularly lovable, character. In the gentler virtues of devotion and loyalty in personal and family relationships Ruth stands unexcelled. In the Book of Ruth is the serious record of the most beautiful relationship between mother-in- law and daughter-in-law that could be imagined; love and loyalty of the finest sort, with a courage born of mutual devotion. It is this that gives glamor and glory to'a story that began in tragedy — the tragedy of famine and exile, of marriage and widowhood. Naomi, the eldest of the three widows, was forced by famine to go to Moab, with her husband and two sons (Ruth 1:1*5). There her husband died, and both sons died after marrying Moabitish women, Ruth and Orpah. When the bereft Naqini decided to return to her own Bethlehem her two daughters-in-law pleaded to go with her, but she urged them to return to their own country. As they wept, Orpah kissed her mother-in-law but yielded to her! urgings and went back. Ruth, however, in words that | have become historic and that are , the center of the story, said earn- j estly: "Entreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee; for whither thou goest 1 will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people and thy God my God. 1 ' (Ruth 1:10). That is the center of the story but it is not its ending, nor is it its full significance. For Ruth made good her choice; she found a husband in Bethlehem, and for the full significance of the story one must turn to the geneaology of Jesus in Matthew 1:5 -6. There is the record that Ruth, the Moabitess, became the great- grandmother of King David, and therefore an ancestor of Jesus. Harper's Bible Dictionary ends a brief article on the Book of Ruth with the statement that it is "a timeless plea for racial tolerance." It may seem an unimportant aspect of Ruth's story, for Jesus belongs to the world. He made His mission worldwide when He sent His disciples to evangelize all nations. But I like to realize that in His ancestry was at least one Gentile, a noble Moabitess, who became a believer in the God of Israel, but who, none the less, came from beyond the border into Bethlehem, and who has her place in the later Bethlehem of the Babe in the Manger and the Prince of the House of Pavid. out of hand. "At one point old Marshal (Kle- menO Voroshilov. who in Russian ; eyes is the 'liberator' of Hungary in 1945. jumped up and advocat- | ed sending Red Army troops to ' crush the revolt, shouting. 'I know •those Hungarian Communists. 1 don't trust the b s!" "Molotov kept insisting that Khrushchev be removed as party first secretary. But nothing happened because the opposition was ! divided. Malenkov also favored , ditching Khrushchev but he was ! in violent disagreement with Mol- I otov about domestic policy. (Mol! otov favored heavy industry, which means armaments, while Malenkov favored increased production of consumer goods.) "But by the time the Presidium met June 17 a united front had been formed by Molotov, Malen­ kov, (Lazar) Kaganovich, (Dmitri) Shepilov, (Premier Nikolai) Bulganin and (Mikhail) Suslov. Molotov In Attack * "Molotov went to the attack at the opening session. He charged Khrushchev with harboring Na| poleonic illusions and with a de) sign to weaken the party and nul- J lify the results of the revolution ; by industrial decentralization. "Khrushchev realized he had no j support in the Presidium so with , the help of his girl Friday, Eka- i terina Furtseva, he sent out a secret call for the Central Committee of the Communist Party, i The party hooligans hurried to Moscow from all over Russia and stormed the Presidium demanding ) a full meeting of (he Central Com- j mittee. ; I "By the 19th, after two days of : stormy meetings, Molotov and Malenkov realized the jig was up unless they.could strengthen their Negroes Still Ahead If Bill Limited to Vote Rights By JAMEb 7.IARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON WV-It would be a bitter pill for them, but Negroes "would still be ahead if President Eisenhower's civil rights bill wound up with nothing left but a watered-down bit to protect their voting rights. Southern Democrats, shooting to kill all four sections of the bill, will fight it piece by piece. They may not succeed entirely. But they've already done it damage. It seems certain whatever is passed will be less than Eisenhower asked. It must be remembered that in this fight, when the Southerners say they want to amend and soften one section of the bill, they have already said their aim in the end is to destroy altogether. They have been banging away at Section 4, which specifically applies to the protection of voting rights. This section says: When an individual's voting rights are violated — say by a Southern registrar of voters who won't let a Negro register — the attorney general can step in and ask a federal judge for an order telling the registrar to stop. If he disobeys then he can be brought into court, tried for contempt by the judge without a jury trial, and jailed, Southerners protest at the thought of anyone in such a situation being tried without a jury. Argument Given The Eisenhower administration and the bill's supporters in Congress argue for trial by judge, without a jury, in a case like that and for these reasons: It's faster. It could stop a voting right violation while it was still happening instead of waiting NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV . . . (left) holds shaky reins of Russia only* through help pf Marshal. Georgi Zhukov (right) and the Red lywy. The big question today i Can Zhukov control army? until it was all finished. For example: If a registrar disobeyed a judge's order he could be tried and jailed before the election, thus making it possible for the Negro to vote. If a jury trial was held, -it might not take place until after the election. These added reasons for trial by judge are given: It's questionable—if a registrar reflects the attitude of his townspeople in keeping a Negro away from the polls—that his neighbors on the jury would convict him. Further, there are 28 laws on the books under which a judge by himself can try persons for contempt of his orders and, the reasoning goes, a judge ought to be able to back up his orders with action and punishment. It's possible the Southerners— if they can't destroy the whole bill—will get Section 4 toned down by an amendment providing for trial by jury instead of by judge. Does this mean a total loss for Negroes? Not if looked at realistically. This is what would happen if the amended Section 4 still let the attorney general step in to get a court order even though dis< obedience wound up in a jury trial. The disobedient individual would be called into court and presented with the complaints or evidence of his disobedience in the form of affidavits from those whose voting rights he had continued to violate. Public Record These would at once become a matter of public record, as would the testimony at the subsequent jury trial. To the extent that this disclosure had a psychological effect on a Southern community, by drawing national attention to its attitude and activities, the Negroes would stand to gain something. It might have a deterring effect. It would at least be some gain. Any kind of civil rights legislation would. It would be the first time in this century any kind, of civil right measue was passed by Congress. Hitherto Southerner* have always blocked it. But if Section 4 is amended to say the attorney general can't step In unless requested to do so by local officials, the whole thing becomes meaningless for the Negroes. i Local officials who wanted to keep them from the polls would hardly call in the government to stop themselves from doing it.; EMPLOYED AT HALBUR' 5 (Time* Herald Js>w» a «rv |«a) V HALBUR - David Roth Of Q roll begin work last Vff ' j Farmers Cooper«)iv« I He is th« sou pjfr, Mjp\'< i George Roth. :

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