The Sioux County Capital from Orange City, Iowa on March 16, 1972 · Page 2
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March 16, 1972

The Sioux County Capital from Orange City, Iowa · Page 2

Orange City, Iowa
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Thursday, March 16, 1972
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FARM FACTS In all Us parts, agriculture Is both the nation's biggest Industry—with assets totaling S317 billion-and Us largest employer. Between 14 and 17 million persons work In some phase of agriculture--from growing food and fiber to selling It at the supermarket. That adds up to approximately one out of every five jobs In private enterprise. . > Farming Itself uses 4.6 million workers-as many as the combined payrolls of transportation, the steel industry and the automobile industry. i m 1970 off-farm Income accounted for 52 percent of the total income of farm families, Exports of farm crops as a percentage of cash receipts. from these commodities in the ,970-71 marketing year were as follows: wheat, 78.t> percent; corn, 28 percen ; Sorghum grains, 36.6 percent-, barley, 31.2 percent; soybeans, 67.6 percent. UIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIII 1111111 FARM NEWS "Crises in the Cornbelt" The January "Crisis in the Cornbelt" conference held at Worthineton drew such broad attendance and such widespread interest that plans have been made to continue it as fin annual event. The three primary objectives of the conference: 1. To bring the citizens of the 10--county area of Northwest Iowa and South west Minnesota together to discuss common problems, 2 To bring the area's pro- Mems to the attention of state ami federal governments. 3. To find some way to bring solutions to the severe problems the area faces. About 500 persons attended the conference. The following address was riven by Maurice A. Te Paske, mayor of Sioux Center. It is the last of the series of addresses that have been carried in The CAPITAL. "In the Realm of the Possible" Quality of Life-Physical Services bv Maurice Te Paske Basic to studying the matter of population, community services, public revenue and spending is an understanding of community goals. In a recent public statement made by a very responsible opinion- maker in one of lov.-a's cities, the suzsestion was made that his citv should confine itself to "absolute essentials" such as water, sewer, streets, fire protection and police protection. He then went on to rail libraries, recreation and community improvement the "frostins on the cake" which could be dispensed with. Sotn.nimes we're inclined to think that his city looks exactly like that, and yet maybe this' has a very definite cut out anything like absolute essentials on the assumption that, "we can live without the frosting," =:o the BASIC QUESTION IS: WHAT SERVICES DOES -OTiETY WANT AND NEED FROM LOCAL GOVERN_ MENT" 1 This is very basic to an agricultural area, because "societv gets what it wants," and it will "get" it even if it must move out to 'io so! The lessons of the 1970 census include the following: 1. Most of the small rural communities of Northwest Iowa and Southwest Minnesota are losing population, and this is particularly evident in Iowa where we have 800 towns of less than 2000 people. " -\ growing demand for mo're sophisticated services against a backdrop of a shrink- in s population base. 3. Limited revenues for local ' sovernment are further eroded bv inflationary pressures of' payroll and other operatins costs. 4 And saddest scene of all-'-local municipal government, which provides more day-to-day service than all other government combined, is "low man on the totem pole" for revenue sources and most vulnerable as the of taxpayer frustra- and area planning to avoid wasteful duplication of Inferior services. c So my remarks are directed at what is "IN THE REALM OF THE POSSIBLE" . . . through societal action, on which we can work together for the benefit of all of us. If the rural areas are to provide viable living qualities it requires aggressive affirmative effort to match the services of the more den- sely-popluated areas where a diversity and sophistication of human achievement is accomplished out of sheer bulk of numbers! I hate to point out that there are also some "minuses" which creep into crowded populations, but strangely enough people seem more willing to adjust to commuting, crowding, crime and pollution more readily than they do to accepting a less complicated life style to begin with! JLD^QUVTE REVENUES TO PROVIDE QUALITY LIVING FOR SMALL (AND L.ARGE) COMMUNITIES: \ Basic to every societal effort Is the matter of public revenues. Large centers do not have the revenue to cope with their massive problems: small communitiesdo not have the revenue to cope with even their small problems. Result: Population keeps moving to larger centers to aggravate the problems for both large and small communities. B. Nobody has said it better and more concisely than JOHN W. GARDNER, formerly Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, and now Chairman of COMMON- CAUSE, said recently that "Americans must tax themselves to deal with what ails us." Mr. Gardner said, "Handling money back to the private sector in tax cuts and starving the public sector is a us--as and richer our credo, over 900 of Iowa's 960 municipalities exist for only one reason: to serve the agricultural community where we are located. There are no real urban-rural differences for the vast number of Iowa s communities. The better the rural municipality serves the agricultural territory around us, the better are the living qualities for both rural and urban residents alike, and thereby the municipality retains Us right to continued existence. \ parade of experts has told us that Iowa has "too many small towns," and once having admitted the principle, you are immediately Involved in a most painful discussion as to what to do about it. If every existing municipality is to survive and provide viable living qualities in a modern society, "we are licked before we start." Not only will societv find itself unable to allocate sufficient resources, but even if it did, It would be perpetuating and keeping alive inefficiency. Which brings me to my first point of emphasis: a firm endorsement of categorical grants by which through federal and state partnership, incentives and inducements are offered to those communities which are willing to demonstrate the energy, the effort and the capacity to help themselves. No matter what form Revenue Sharing takes, it should never be permitted to rob individuals and communities of their initiative and effort. Federal matching funds have already demonstrated the processes by which a community can prove its right to continue existence. The encouragement offered in this way to generate community effort and concern, first of all in a wide variety of options and priorities, and then to do its share through irving uie ijuuin. o=^~. -- fa m f 0 jo lts snare inruugu formula for making all of bondlno . taxation or individual - -^•iduals-- richer contrlbutions> ls one of the .. in filthier ana most effective me ans ever filthier communities, more and more sated with consumer goods in an unlivable en- % ""THIS'ISTHEACIDTEST-. Are we•,tax,.pur r i, selves for the needs to provide local governments with IllUol ciie»-11» <z'j *- • — devised to promote community development. It is sensible, fair, and leaves the^. .decision with the people themselves as to how well they wish to serve themselves, their'com- munities, and all of the soc- .iu = iw-—. D-• lety in which they live. resources to provide quality Both witnln the community living. 1. An outstanding case in point is how we handle the ^Yhe%ppTica7i'o~n"o7matching- cost of highways: the most . . ._ _.—u v,« H,Q itself, and also among neighboring communities, included victim tion. In spite it for 30 :i notable the sensible and fair user tax- gasoline tax—is collected by the Federal Government and the States and used principally for inter-state and primary systems, wheras municipal property taxes and local special assessments are called on for municipal streets. Federal income tax and revenues for "significant"regional, federal and international demands leave only the merest trickle for local needs, e.g. --at a time when the Indo- China fiasco was costing American citizens $600 per capita per year, Congress was seriously curtailing funds for local library support. 2, In almost every area, the mainline revenue sources (except property tax) are in the hands of every other Interest in society. This is not to debate the worthiness of all other programs, but simply to call attention to it that the support of local government—the "street where you of clamoring for •ears, I have been failure in my efforts to promote inter-community co-operation on the verv nut) of our situation: udequate community services for a static or shrinking population. a. Until sheer economics of exhaustion drives us to it, it is doubtful if we can expect anv change in our compet- etive patterns, which border on hostility. (Probably rooted deeplv in the independence of an agricultural tradition, it seems to be a basic phil- osophv of our rural social life the "proliferate mediocrity.") ^ , b. It is difficult to turnback irresponsible "new starts" when once they gain a foothold: how do we do local live" is dependent on the most unattractive and most vulnerable source of revenue. It may be he rosy, but even under educational auspices, we should fairly recognize that a disproportionate percentage (not dollars) is utilized on education. So may I abruptly come to the point by quotingCongress- man Mills who made the comment in reference to revenue sharing, "money is the name of the game!" And I am firmly convinced that the "game" in which rural communities should be required to "play" Is that through the processes financial, social and psychological, of incentives of categorical grants. Although we sometimes have difficulty in convincing our rural friends that this is .^.~ programs should be the encouragement to the work on joint ventures. The possibilities in this respect are limitless; in actual application, only the first feeble steps have been taken. An infinite number of community programs can be maintained or enhanced in their service to society by offering strong encouragement to full utilization of facilities and personnel. The Mott Program of the Fline Board of Education, relating to the community school concept, is an outstanding example of a more efficient utilization of community facilities. These principles can be applied totally or in part to scores of situations in our society, and become virtually a matter of survival in the rural areas. Let me mention an area of community activity where resistance to the principle is almot traditional. Is there any reason in our small communities (or large population centers!) that the school library and the public library not be a joint venture for the entire community? I mention this example because seemingly it should be so obvious that sharing the use of books would be one of society's greatest economies, and yet this principle of joint use of library facilities has never found any acceptance. So I respectfully submit that it is at this very point and in this area that the principle of matching funds should be applied to encourage people to work together instead of working separately. At this point may I inject a very specific recommendation: There is a fantastically useful film dealing with the maximum use of community facilities and personnel, particularly through the Incomparable resources In this film for those with dedicated insights as to community service. The film is "TO TOUCH A CHILD", and can be obtained FREE (return postage only) from: Modern Talking Picture Service, Inc. c/o ership Pratt Educational Media, Inc. 200 3rd Ave. S.W., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 52404. Phone (319) 363-8144. The protection of the farm economy from the fantastic hazards of inflation and price fluctuation is obviously far beyond the confines of my part of this discussion, but all of us require the constant reminder that the basic food and fiber industry of our area deserves to have better protection from these economic disasters. In the meantime, there are some specifics which require immediate attention: 1. RURAL WATER SUPPLY: Most of the farmers because of its lower cost have shallow, bored seepage-type wells. The majority of these are located in natural drainage ways below farmsteads and cattle yards' To locate them elsewhere would provide pratically no water since this type of well in this location depends on surface runoff and the sub- parent soil which is relatively impervious glacial till with occasional sand pockets permits only limited percolation of rainfall through it. A tabulation of water samples from these kinds of wells in Sioux County Iowa for a re^ cent two-year period conducted by the State Hygienic Laboratory showed that nearly 70% of the water samples submitted were either excessively high in nitrates, unsatisfactory or unsafe in bacteria or both.' The alternate is also very unsatisfactory: deep wells from 500 to 800 feet can produce large quantities of water, but unfortunately water contained in the Dakota sandstone formation is of very- bad quality, corrosive, attacking well screens, pump leathers and bearings, and piping. These expensive wells, ;be..caused ihe cor,rosivenes£> pf, the- wateiv usually don't lastf very long. Because of these reasons, many of the farmers in Northwest Iowa and Southwest Minnesota feel that their only recourse to solve the water problems they have had to live with for many years is a nonprofit rural water association which collectively has the financial resources to make it possible for them to obtain good quality water from a reliable source to distribute to the members for the first time in their memories. 2. RURAL ELECTRICPOW- ER SUPPLIES: Obviously much has been achieved, but with the tremendous increase in demands for electric power, local REC's and consumer power systems need the backup of vastly expanded generating and transmission facilities. Municipal electric systems and REC's must work together to assure an adequate bulk power supply, within their own control, so as not to be at the mercies of investor-owned utilities. Without this additional REC support for generation and transmission, the result will be much higher power costs to the basic Industry of agriculture, and which will have an immediate effect on the main streets of the thousands of rural communities throughout our nation, directly involved in the agricultural economy. Almost everyone in a position of public responsiblity is keenly aware of the stark philosophical differences between monopoly services in the control of investor-owned private corporations on one hand and the proponents of consumer-owned services on the other, But I would like to believe that except for those who are irrevocably committed, for whatever the reason, to monopoly exploitation, that every other fair-minded person welcomes the presence of a dual can be utilized by both of view in public ac- TSlor^ownership without consumer-own- a musi tempting and ating hazard for the consumer and may no one claim that a measure of public support to maintaim such a plura system is bound to undermine the -free enterprise system. 3 HEALTH CARE IN RUR\L AREAS: The specialization ond sophistication of health care tends to follow the out-migration of population from the rural area, and as a result, under present systems for the delivery of health care, the rural area will find itself farther and farther away from helath facilities and personnel. .No matter what pattern is indicated in the future for payment of health services, the natural operation of economics will deprive sparsely- settled rural areas of adequate health service. I believe that reversal of this process can be achieved by mas- sice increases in the supply of health manpower at every level with special inducements to health practioners to locate in rural areas. As an example, at the present rate of attrition, very shortly there will be no general practitioners left in any of the smaller communities. This is not a complaint or attack on any professional group: it is a reminder of society'sfail- ure, and unless the situation in corrected, small communities are doomed. 4 HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY: Communities which have demonstrated the "will to live" have pur forth demonstrable concern for an on-going program, are the logical placements for federal and state sponsored housing for the elderly. By keeping low-income elderly, by this means, near to families, churches and other social roots, performs some of the JJnest Spiritual, moral and humanitarian objectives we can possibly imagine. 5. LOW-COST RECREATION: Federal funding and matching funds can continue to make a tremendous contribution to the quality of rural Iving through various recreational, Open Space, and other similiar programs. Some of these efforts have lent themselves to unfortunate innuendoes and political bigotry, but the principle stands firm that encouragement toward the efficient and economical use of leisure time is of the utmost importance socially and economically for our rural areas. Inherent in this programming is the matter which was referred to very briefly earlier in my remarks: anunder- stadning of community goals. For obvious reasons, sparsely-settled rural area cannot acheive a diversity of recreational programs offered by metropolitan areas. But by finding common denominators of interest and effort, concentrating on them, encouraging maximum utilization of high-quality facilities, by working together in the most carefully planned and calculated community cooperation, a rural population can support and enjoy living qualities which in many ways can transcend that of their urban peers. In the deterioration of society's function at the local- government level, we need to do some hard thinking and exert the very best of personal discipline to rise above inertia, vested interests, and selfishness to achieve a better life and environment than is now indicated. If we can keep our public revenues in perspective with what is happening to the private and affluent indulgence of our own wished, then there is no escaping the conclusion that those dollars we spend in combined efforts have brought us Infinitely greater service and efficiency than virtually any other money we spend. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHHIIIIIIIII 1 farm Outlook.- Farm production costs to be up again Farm Production expenses will increase again this year, Xt probably not as much as in the last couple of years, according to Bob Wlsner, Iowa S?ate University extension Economist. He says there may be some leveling off oi: further increases in costs of manufactured feed, machinery and equipment and farm farm tractors and machlner The course will be complete with a written and practlc> test of ability. The < is designed for all ,„„„ Those interested shouldi gister with the. Extension i ice in Orange City, or v,,, Gershom Van Roekel in ml by Wednesday, March 22. I The organizational meetil will be held Friday evenltj March 24, 8:00 p.m., at J Extension Office in OfatJ City. In 1971, American farmers spent S43 billion for supplies and other production expenses a 5 percent increase over 1970 Wisner says the higher costs nearly offset gains in eross farm income. "The upward trend in production costs reflects two things," explains the economist" "One is the upward trend in prices; the other is the increasing volume of farm supplies that are being purchased." The top five farm expenditure items are feed, livestock, machinery, repairs and operating costs for farm machinery, and interest on investment and operating capital--in that order. Feed costs were up considerable during the fir$t half of 1971. Costs of purchased livestock varied quite a bit, depending on the type of livestock. Feeder pig prices were down for much of the year while feeder cattle prices averaged somewhat above year-earlier levels. Machinery prices continued to increase but not as sharply as in 1971. Interest costs declined. What's ahead for this year? Prices for most manufactured feeds in Iowa have recently been running a little above year-earlier levels. Wholesale prices for soybean meal have increased con- sidereably in recent weeks. Prices for 44% protein soybean meal at Decatur, 111., rose from about $83 per t° n in mid-February to $89-90 in early March, about 17 percent above year-earlier prices. Wisner foresees increased feed ingredient costs being reflected soon in prices for manufactured' feeds "with moderately higher prices likely into the summer. Prices should 'weakeh- moderately during the fall when new-crop || ,l,,, | ,,llll l l|||||||||||||||ltllllllllllillllHllliniHlllllllllll(llllllllllllHii!||| | beans increase the available supply of soybean meal. Prices for most fertlBeers declined considerably in the 1960's and bottomed out In 1969 and 1970. Prices generally increased last spring, with the largest Increases in anhydrous ammonia and potash fertilizers with Iowa prices up 8 or 9 percent from the previous year. Wisner anticipates some price rise for phosphate fertilizers this spring, perhaps 2i to 3 percent, because of higher transportation costs and a Florida tax which Increases raw material costs for phosphate fertilizer. Nitrogen fertilizer prices may be fairly steady this spring mainly because of Increasing anhydrous ammonia production capacity and a modest reduction in corn acreage. He sees potash fertilizer prices remaining fairly steady this spring. Wlsner says retail prices of new farm machinery and equipment increased 3^ to 4 percent in 1971. He anticipates an average increased of about 4 percent this year. The farm machinery industry is affected by wage and price guidelines in the Phase II ecomomic program, but the price commission permitted one manufacturer to raise prices by about 4 percent last November, which seems to be setting a precedent for the industry. 4-H leaders to be] honored at barque Sioux County's 90 volJ teer 4H Leaders will ognized with a banquet: program on Tuesday e .... March 21,attheHollandHo in Sioux Center. Featured speaker fort event will be Richanl RH gan, Orange City. Mr. R| gan is a teacher in the lish Department atM-OCHI| School. The ' entire program] being planned and carried i by the Sioux County 4H Co] ell. Council membersareA llss Van Beek Sioux CenK Lora Lynn Vander Z\va Hull; Debbie Schut. Slowed ter; Debra Bogaard, Oraij City; Daryl De Groot, Hi] Jeff Schut, Sioux Center;! dy De Koter, Maurice; Randy Lubbers, Orange CI Music at the banquet will] provided by Joel Jansen Ardell De Berg from Hi| All Sioux County 4H Lead and their spouses, as as members of the Co 4H Committee, are invil to attend. Reservations i to be made at the Exten Office in Orange City pr| to March 20. Safety training for 14 & 15 year olds Sioux County Extension Director Maurice Eldridge urges all parents to investigate the possibilities of enrolling their children in a farm safety training program to be conducted in the county. m^nnr fni* Eldridge explaines that the grant TOr training program is primarily being conducted to certify youths 14 and 15 years old, so that they can legally be employed on farms other than those operated by their parents. According to a U.S. Department of Labor ruling, 14 and 15 year olds without such training and certification can't legally operate a tractor over 20 hpij or-use other designated equipment unless they have recelved:tnis!training."_.:; : . .; The farm safety course will include a four-hour orientation and a 20 -hour training announces Congressman Wiley Mai (R-Iowa) announced a gra $10,350 for the BigSiouxI on the Big Sioux River 6n north of Hawarden Iowa Sioux County. The grant from the BuiJ of Outdoor Recreation ' the development of api mately 4 acres of the exisj 160 acre Big Sioux for public outdoor recreatt 'This would include an aci 1 road for camping, 14 sp ' toilet-shower building, distribution system, . equipment, park barrlc: landscaping and a park Harvest CORN Not Wee USE Granular nanoox T HERBICIDE BY Monsanto Randox T Granules control your tough broadleaf problems such as: Buttonweed Sandbur (Velvet Leaf) Purs | ane Carpetweed Smartweed Cocklebur Lambsquarters Ragweed Pigweed Groundsel Russian Thistle Mustard Control these grasses, too: Giant Foxtail Crabgrass Barnyardgrass The above message was published as a public service by the following Orange City Builders Supply (Wild Millet) Green Foxtail Yellow Foxtail (Pigeon Grass) Annual Bluegrass Cheat Stink Grass Farmers Coop Elevator Orange City Maurice Farmers Mutual Co-op Alton Farmers Co-op Oil Association Orange City Alton Randox T Granules give you the broad spectrum grass and broadleaf weed control in corn. AND ... Randox T could be your most economical granular CORN herbicide in 1972. Order your Randox T Granules from your Farm Chemicals Supplier now. Farmers Mutual Co-op Assoc. Lumber Yard Monsanto St. Louis, Missouri 63166 Maurice TTHE sioux COUNTY CAPITAL, Thursday, March 16,1972

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