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Winter Watch "Maybe It's Their Low Overhead!" ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, THUBS., JAN. 4, 1973 Page 4 Northwest Iowans undoubtedly hiive mixed emotions about the fresh blanket of snow which. 'Ol Man Winter' presented us Wednesday. Estherville Winter Sports Festival enthusiasts, who continually worry that the white stuff will not be plentiful enough for snow sculptures, snowmobile racing and skiing are undoubtedly somewhat pleased, even while scooping their sidewalks and driveways or battling the icy street conditions. On the other hand, those who would just as soon be spending the winter in Arizona or Florida, would just as soon have unseasonable warm weather which moved out shortly before the snow came. Those who aren't favorable for the snowfall might consider getting Golden Sun Feeds to extend John Friesner's vacation which ended Wednesday. This snowmobile enthusiast started a vacation on Dec. 23 only to see anti-snow weather and thawing most of the time. Could be an omen. Watching the snow fall Wednesday also brought to mind a recent news release which started that letter carriers may have a new look in 1973. The U. S. Postal Service has authorized Bermuda shorts for the summer months with the optional changeover to take place in April. The National Association of Letter Carriers has been pushing for the optional tropical gear for several years and NALC President James H. Rademacher believes the exercise they get has given mailmen the world's most attractive legs. We're just waiting until next summer to see which of the local letter carriers is first to don the new apparel. A dog's devotion to hunt has paid off in court for two Minneapolis men for illegal possession of hen pheasants. Conservation Officer AJ Roemig said he stopped their car for a routine check near Osage, is.., and noticed a dog in the back was wagging its tail and was generally excited. Roemig said he lifted the seat and discovered three hen pheasants— illegal game in Iowa. The two men, Mattio Ellvey and James Scarver, both 50, of Minneapolis were fined SlOO apiece for the game violation and S25 on a gun charge. A couple -of women came up with quotable quotes during the past week.. * a.- . *~ .*H* 4* -it. t\ *i A Margot Higgins, nutrition adviser for CARE relief and development agency said, "Women's liberation will have to take place in underdeveloped countries before they can really develop economically. Uneducated, submissive mothers, non- persons, cannot be expected to raise superior children who can make full use of modern education and training toward their country's development" Premier Golda Meir of Israel, in a cable to Mrs. Truman, said, ". . . One of the greatest humanitarians of our time. . . He will be remembered not only by the American people but by all mankind as one of the great men of this century." Just a reminder for those who haven't bought their Estherville Winter Sports Festival Buttons yet that they are still on sale at most of Estherville's businesses. And, for a suitable end, we recall the 15-year-old youth who, on New Year's Eve, asked, "Who is Guy Lombardo?"— CLO. Op Around the Rotunda AP News Analysis Vietnam and Congress BY WALTER R. MEARS Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Congress is talking tough about ending the war. The weeks ahead will tell whether Senate and House are prepared to match the words with action if President Nixon does not gain a settlement. Congresses past have heard speeches, adopted resolutions, approved amendments, all aimed at ending U.S. involvement in Vietnam. But always they have stopped short of seeking to legislate peace by denying the administration the money to finance American participation. That is what Democrats on both sides of the Capitol are talking about now, in the opening days of the 93rd Congress. During its 1972 election-year session, the Senate twice approved, once rejected, amendments to cut off Vietnam appropriations. The House voted down such legislation. Earlier, the Senate three times had adopted measures to set deadlines for U.S. withdrawal, contingent on the release of American prisoners. Those failed in the House. Fearful of Highway Funds for Mass Transit BY HARRISON WEBER Iowa Daily Press Association DES MOINES - (IDPA) - The Iowa Good Roads Association is fearful that some federal highway trust funds may be used for mass transit. Chet Sloan, executive vice president of the association, said his group does not oppose ."appropriate methods" of funding mass transit systems. But it does question using highway trust funds for this purpose. The Iowa Good Roads Association believes the federal government must adhere to the "basic philosophy of the original 1956 federal aid highway act, which established a federal-state partnership for the construction of highways and streets, with . strong administrative and decision making rights vested in the state. AILY NEWS An independent newspaper published "Monday through Friday," except principal holidays, excluding February 22 and Veterans Day. Second class postage paid at Estherville, Iowa. Published by the Estherville Daily News, Division of Mid-America Publishing Corp., 10 K 7th Su, Estherville, Iowa 51334. Subscription rates: City of Estherville, Armstrong, Ringsted, Terril and Graettinger, delivered by carrier, 60 cents per week; $7.80 for 3 months, 515-60 for 6 months, $29.70 year. By mail in Emmet and bordering counties: 815.60 year, Zones 1-&, $19.50 year. Fred E. Williams, Publisher; Charles Ostheimer, Managing Editor; Richard Myers, Advertising Director; Gladys Streiff, Business Manager; DonaldStoffel, Production Manager. Member of Associated Press, Iowa Daily Press Association, Iowa Press Association. Photos submitted to this newspaper will not be returned by mail. However, they may be picked up at the Daily News Office. Sloan said his association is concerned about Congress enacting a new federal aid highway act which incorporates these principles as soon as possible "to avoid a crippling breakdown" in the federal aid highway program. This act, he added, should have passed in 1972, but failed in the closing days of the 92nd Congress. "As a result, federal aid programs in many states are grinding to a halt. It appears that Iowa's federal aid programs may be able to continue until May or June before they, too, are brought to their knees," Sloan asserted. The picture is somewhat complex. But # in May of last year the U.S. Department of Transportation announced that in the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1973 Iowa would be permitted to use only $56.3 mil- : lion of the $74.4 million it had been allocated. This $18.1 million cut-back brings the total withheld from Iowa over the past seven years to over $30 million, Sloan said. The total amount withheld from all states exceeds $4 billion. "These billions paid by the road-user taxpayer are not stored in a vault. They have been 'loaned' to the government through treasury bills and over federal 'investments' thereby becoming an obligation against general funds, collectible again from the taxpayer through income and other taxes," Sloan said. "When the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1970 providing $3.1 billion from general funds for mass transit over a five year period became bogged down, the transit people in Congress, particularly in the Senate, decided to not only try to get equipment subsidies from the highway trust fund, but to get operating subsidies as well. Aiding and abetting them were officials from high population cities and states, as well as a coalition of environmental groups whose avowed goal is to 'bust the trust'," Sloan charged. They greatly influenced the writing and passage of the Senate's version of a federal aid highway act of 1973, he added. "The Senate bill would have busted the trust fund wide open by permitting off-the- top use of $800 million per year for the purchase of buses, rapid transit railcars, laying of rails and mass transit operating subsidies." No longer would all of the four cent federal gasoline tax go for'cohstruction and maintenance of. joads and streets. Distribution of the mass transit money would have gone to cities with over 50,000 population of which Iowa has only seven. These seven Iowa cities, Sloan observed, "would have received a very small share from this grab-bag." The House refused to open up the highway trust fund for mass transit and subsequently the Congress adjourned before the issue was resolved. The Good Roads Association is concerned that any highway aid act passed by the 1973 Congress follow the principles set forth in the original 1956 act. "We recognize the mass transit plight of metro areas, such as New York, San Francisco, Chicago, and about ten or twelve other major population centers of the nation, as well as the mass transit problems facing less populated areas, such as we have in Des Moines and throughout Iowa. We heartily encourage and support appropriate methods of funding to relieve their problems . . . "But," Sloan continued, "we believe it fiscally irresponsible and extremely short-sighted to emasculate one proven means for moving people and goods by diluting an already inadequate source of revenue in attempts to correct a condition for which no satisfactory solutions have yet been found. "It is our position that highway trust fund monies should come back to each state in full measure based upon their highway needs and no other criteria," Sloan said. The 4 Good ftbads official noted that the Iowa Legislature is being called upon to provide additional road funds to maintain an adequate level of funding for road and street improvement programs throughout the state. "The legislator's job is made even more difficult when part of the state's funding deficiency is caused by federal withholding and 'the prospect of federal diversions to mass transit use in other states," Sloan concluded. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Letters to the editor are welcome. They should be brief, legible, written on one side of the paper and include signature, address and telephone number. Daily News reserves right to edit contents. The one amendment on which Congress did agree was attached to a weapons- procurement bill in 1971 and sent to Nixon. It was a compromise which asked Nixon to set a final withdrawal date as soon as possible, again, subject to prisoner release. The President signed the bill but said the Vietnam-policy rider was not going to affect his position. He said it was "without binding force and effect." An appropriations cutoff would be a different matter, although the Pentagon once suggested that money already voted and committed would be enough to keep Vietnam operations going for a time. House Democrats have adopted a resolution calling for an end to U.S. spending on the Indochina war, subject to arrangements for safe withdrawal of American troops and release of POWs. That action came in party caucus and has no binding effect, although the 154-75 vote signals roughly the lineup on the majority side of the aisle when and if legislation on that issue comes to a vote. Democrats in the Senate are discussing a similar resolution. But with peace talks resuming Monday, the next real moves in Congress may await Inauguration Day, Jan. 20. Before the new Congress convened, Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott said its attitude on legislation involving the war like-, ly would depend on the status of the peace effort when Nixon formally begins his second term. Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield and Sen. J. W. Fulbright, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, both spoke of pressing for action in Congress if peace does not come by Inauguration Day. House Speaker Carl Albert said he thinks Congress would vote to cut off war funds in its first appropriations bill if the conflict is not over. That first bill almost certainly will be a measure to continue foreign-aid spending, now due to lapse on Feb. 28. Other Editors Say They say that irioney doesn't bring happiness, but it's nice to be able to find out for yourself. "Column Left," Minden- Shelby News. Every hospital, no matter how well equipped, always has one piece of equipment beside the patient That item is a chair, and that is where the relatives wait the long hours. They wait the longest hours on earth. "Of This and That," Norwalk News. Learn from the mistakes of others— you can't live long enough to make them all yourself. "Cas-Log," Red Oak Express An ignorant person is anyone who doesn't know anything about the things that, you do. "Thinking Out Loud" McGregor Times. SGT. STRIPES...FOREVER by Bill Howrilla THE BORN LOSER o o o o 0 0O\ <B im hr "U. w. by Art Sansom WW, HOti SHOULD BE HAPPV FOR ALL' THE LITTLE ^HILPREW WHO (*CT FOR £HRETM*Sl CARNIVAL by Dick Turner SIDE GLANCES by Gill Fox WINTHROP by Dick Cavalli | JklBflGlSB^nB -P6PT.J | 'Young man, I 'll have you know I made stratehfcA's in arithmetic before the first computer was buiK!" * m >*' I*, tli >» on 1-f JUST VESTBRO^ MV MOTHER MAOBMB COMB DOWN AND TAKE A BtKTH. 9 C mi tr NU, It, TX, «.,. US. fit, OH, I SUPPOSE THATfe VWAT THEV /WEAN WHEN 7HEV QAV A MieSICW HA& BEEN S02UBBED. THE BADGE GUYS by Bowen & Schwarz "Something for an elderly aunt. She wears what she calls 'UNMENTIONABLES'!"