The Sioux County Capital from Orange City, Iowa on February 24, 1972 · Page 3
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February 24, 1972

The Sioux County Capital from Orange City, Iowa · Page 3

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Orange City, Iowa
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Thursday, February 24, 1972
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if advitad: *e seed for sale to sell Ifingpianttngshould ialn their seed la /or sale, Everson, profess- |ny and plant path- Iowa State Univer- jreparlng seed tor best to check with smen, elevator op- nd farmers to be certain that there will be a demand for seed of the variety you have available, The Sioux County extension office can provide advice and the latest Information on crop varieties, said extension director Maurice Eldrldge. Seed must be tested before It Is legal for sale, This means a complete test Including purity analysis, noxious weed check and a germination test, For large seeded crops (Ma Oats and soybeans), a pound of seed should be submitted for the seed test. For small seeded crops (like red clover and orchardgrass), at least 4 ounces of seed should be submitted for an accurate test. The Sioux County Extension Office has the necessary Instructions and bags for sub- mitting seed samples to the Iowa State seed Laboratory. In addition, some seedsmen and elevators also have supplies for mailing seed samples for testing. Before the sale of any seed, each seed lot must be properly labeled. Iowa seed law specifies that each seed container shall have a printed label attached bearing the required Information. Seed stored In a bin, as well as In a bag, is considered a container. This means that If the seed Is In bags, each bag should have a seed tag attached to It. When the seed Is in bulk, a poster or seed "Crises in the Corabelt" cent "Crisis In the conference held at on drew such broad and such wlde- erest that plans have e to continue It as event, ee primary objec- e conference! ring the citizens of unty area of North-, and South west together to discuss jrobleras. •• -ing the area's pro- the attention of federal govern- nd some way to bring to the severe pro- area faces. 00 persons attended ry 18 conference. lowing address was A. F. Gertjejansen of Inter-State Power Minnesota. vlll appear In future The CAPITAL. inuing Education" orden Times recently an editorial with the "A Ghost Town Is Still Town, even with se- id running water." It n about farms getting run by less people and ss and less business in our small towns. ooklet you received at lance tells a sad story I is happening in this Southwest Minnesota rthwest Iowa. And, It s a very grim future economy and well be- ess we can do some- change it. ame together today to our^ mutual problems try"to find answers an, to these two quest- How can we provide irtunities necessary to pople from leaving the jHow do we go about ing the quality of life one out of every four s need not live in po- le turn of the century s a booming area. The s opening up, the towns ourishing. We grew ough the great depres- Up to about 1060 we pretty well holding Today it's a differ- heyday my home town three hardware, five 1th shops,"three res- "i a. millinery store, banks, and mind you, oons. it's down to a hand- businessmen. Main as more than its share nt buildings, and about Its homes house re- ople. The young people ne and vacant farms dot itryside. With the ex- of a few of our larg- s, this is true of the rea. 'n the world could we n boom to almost'bust nort years? y own experience I you about one contrl- actor, randfather brought his from Germany to this "Cornbelt" In 1895. ne because he wanted a 'PPortunityforhlsfam- "he had i n Germany. >er who only managed FWe education told me, 'ing to see that you get L 6 u ucatlon so vou ca " better Uf e .» And he went to school and A tra *5 and went Into trical business, d my children - "Go * - get a good ed^ u can ^ a good »»ey did, A£d~ longerliveintheCorn- belt. This Is the story of most families. •From our grandfathers down to us we wanted more and more and better things for Our children. In this we were highly successful. They work shorter hours for more money and have more of the comforts of life than we ever thought possible. We have encouraged higher education to the point where they want to leave the land and the small towns to seek their fortunes where they can work for someone else, In a ready made job. We have not instilled In them a desire to stay and start their own businesses from scratch. They have not gone through some of the hardships we did, so they really don't know the good feeling of carb- Ing out a slice of the economy for themselves. We wanted them to start at or near the top. Now they are gone. And those that did not seek higher education are gone also. The high salaries of factory production lines in the Metro area • hold more glamour for them than the good life in the rural area. Two things have happened-1. We have over-emphasized college education to the point where we now have a surplus of degree bear Ing people. For the last 20 years we taught the youngsters that If you didn't have a college education you may as well resign yourself to being a nobody. 2. We have under-emphasized vocational and special education - especially for those -who could not afford - or refused to go to college. In ^the meantime the,_ cornbelt "area goes begging for trained and skilled craftsmen and technicians, both male and female. Let me give you a few examples. One high school I checked sheds some 'light on where most of our young people go. In the last five years 44% of their graduating classes headed for college. After graduation from college very few will find opportunities in our area. In this same -school, of the 1966 and 1967 graduates, another 20% went to vocational or business schools. In the last three years of the five year period 35% went to business and vocational schools. This is an improvement and there are other area schools where the percentage to vocational schools is higher and the percentage to college lower. As I see it, this trend is favorable and I'll dwell more on It a little later on. If you decide to build a house ,or any other good sized building, you have fairly good success in getting carpenters, brick layers, plumbers, and electricians, But, try to make some small extensions to your house wiring, plumbing, or a small remodeling Job and you are apt to get on the waiting list sometimes for quite a period. There are job opportunities In the area for skilled mechanics, body men, carpenters, electricians, plumbers, and right on down the line. Some opportunities He in Jobs that are unfilled. Other towns could support a new small business. In our own business of supplying electric power, we have In the past taken high school graduates or men returning from the service and made linemen, plant operators and technicians out of them by on the job training. The office clerks and stenos were recruited the same way with only basic training In high school, Until the last few years very few came from vocational and business schools. Technicians are driving out here from the Twin Cities and Omaha to service ourhydrau- i lie equipment. What a field | this would be to start a business in. In our own ten county area we have one of the best tools available to help reduce out- mlgratlon and to improve the areas living standards. That toold is the training available at our vocational schools and Junior College. In less than an hours drive from any corner of the area you can be at the door of one of the vocational schools or the Junior College. In the 1930's vocational training was available mainly from a few private schools in both states. In 1945 the Minn , esota Legislature passed the vocational school law. Today there are 32 area vocational- technical schools In Minnesota with two of them located in our area at Pipestone and Jackson. The Iowa law was passed In 1966. Today there are fifteen area schools in Iowa that offer vocational technical education with one of them located in our area at Sheldon. This may come as a surprise to some of you but the Worthington Junior College was established in 1936. It is now a State Junior College and part of an 18 school Junior College System. Tuition is low 'in these schools, and the state line is no barrier. Out of state tuition is slightly higher, of course. For most vocational courses high school diplomas are not required. In Fact, training is available to give you a high school equivalency certificate. The vocational schools offer a^wide cariety of courses in trades and" occupations for both men and women of ; all ages. The junior college has been mainly geared to preparation for further college work, however, many occupational programs are now available. For instance, their catalog lists programs in production agriculture, agribusiness - management or sales and service, and business management as well as tuition - free programs in clerical, secretarial, and practical nursing. Here is an interesting example of what the vocational- technical schools are doing. In the last four years In the fields of auto mechanics, fashion designing, business, agricultural banking, carpentry, food merchandising and supermarket management, and meat cutting, the Pipestone vocational school graduated 703 full-time students. Of these 403 or 57% took jobs in rural rather than metro areas. And, of this number, 20 went into business for themselves. Education Is not just for the young. Adults can secure further training In their present field. They can retrain at night for a job or trade they are more interested in without loss of time from their present work. Last year Jackson had over 2,000 adults enrolled in various courses, mostly at night. Sheldon had about 3,000. Pipestone trained over 600 last year In their Adult Program. The schools are run by very dedicated people and they are willing to. teach most anything the people of the area are interested in. On visiting the schools I was amazed at the number of coursed being offered. The schools are attempting to keep abreast of the times, reshaping their programs as needed, One way or the other, our education continues from the cradle to the grave, Formal education Is really the knowledge and experience of many people over many years, compiled Into text books and passed on to us through instruction. By using our area schools we can take advantage of this vast store of knowledge and Increase our earning power at a much faster rate that we can through the school of experience and hard knocks. For purposes of this afternoons workshops and discussions I would ask these questions of all the segments of the economy represented here: Can you secondary school board mtembers do more to update and expand your basic vocational offerings, so that you expose your students to the benefits of staying in the rural area. How about havng your counselors talk about rural life, at least to some extent, rather than counseling all students possible toward bachelors, masters, and doctor degrees in some far off specialized position? True we need well educated people in all fields but shouldn't we try for more of a balance especially when our rural area is at stake? Are you people in business and Industry getting acquainted with your area school? Can you give them more cooperation in the way of furnishing competent members of your firm to help with. instruction in special classes? Are you encouraging our employees to take additional training to improve both their lot and yours? Can you help your area school in getting them acquainted with new equipment and new techniques?Remember, their beslsource of Information is'ybu.'" "'" What can you mayors and councllmen and you folks In the civic and church organizations do' to furnish the best possible municipal, recreational, educational, and social services to make your town attractive to small businessmen, professional people, and trademen? The news media has always had a deep concern for the areas economy and problems. Certainly they should never relax in promoting what is good and speaking out sharply'against whatever appears to be detrimental. Can the farm organizations do more to encourage people train for and start ag-related business and services in our area? Development corporations are continually on the lookout for new industry in their towns. I would ask you men to consider back up financing for the Individual that has the training and ability but little or no money to start In business. Our State and Federal officials, both elected and appointed, have a tremendous responsibility, and their decisions are not easily made. It is important, however, that an equitable tax balance be maintained between rural and metro areas to keep from draining away too many dollars that could be used by Individuals and Industry to pour back into the economy of the area. I ask these questions, not In criticism, but in the interest of the welfare of the Corn- belt and of making the afternoons workshops more productive and meaningful. The continuing education group discussion will be held In Room 215, Staff members and administrators from the area schools will be there. Your questions are welcome and your Ideas and suggestions will be most helpful, We Invite you to attend to help you make continuing education a real benefit to the area, sample report should be attached to the bin. Both printed and unprlnted seed tags may be purchased from the Iowa Crop Improvement Association, Agronomy Department, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010. Everson said persons sell- Ing seed of their own production at an auction barn, an elevator or from any location other than their own farm must obtain a permit number, Permit numbers can be obtained from the Iowa Department of Agriculture, State Capital Building, Dos Molnes, Iowa. The permit cost Is $5 per year. Farmers who only sell seed of their own production on their own farm are exempt from this permit number requirement. farm Outlook: On January 1 this year Iowa's beef cow herd numbered 1.737 million head, 15 percent more than a year earlier and the largest increase of any state. Accord- Ing to Gene Futrell Iowa State University extension economist, Iowa's present cowherd Is 69 percent larger than 10 year ago. Nationally, beef cow numbers have been trending upward for 14 years. The January 1, 1972, count was 38.7 million head, up 3 percent over a year earlier. Beef cow numbers have increased 60 percent since 1958, 35 percent in the last 10 years. Several other midwest states reported fairly large increaes in beef cow numbers this past year. Numbers were up 9 percent in Missouri and Wisconsin, 7 percent in Nebraska and Illinois and 6 percent In South Dakota. Texas, the leading state in cow numbers, had a 6 percent reduction in 1971--re- flectlng severe drought conditions part of the year and subsequent - heavy culling from cow herds. The national cattle population as of Jan. 1 was estimated at 117.9 million head, up 3 percent from a year earlier. There were increases in all classes of cattle except for milk cows and heifers for milk cow replacements, except for milk cows and hei- Mllk cow numbers declined 1 percent to 12.3 million head while heifer replacements were unchanged from a year ago. Steers 500 and over recorded a 2 percent gain whi- • le all calves under 500 pounds were up 4 percent. The Inventory data and the Jan. 1 cattle-on-feed estl- jnates provide an indication 6f cattle numbers not presently on feed but potentially available for movement to feedlots. Steers 500 pounds The above message was published as a public service by the following flange City Builders Supply Farmers Mutual Co-op Alton Farmers Coop Elevator Maurice Farmers Co-op Oil Association Orange City Alton EARMNEWS iiiiiiiiiimiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiimiiiiimiim Windbreak nay not do the job Improve your windbreak this year for maximum bene- and over and not on, feed Jan. 1 showed a small'decrease (0.6 percent) while heifers 500 pounds and over and not on feed or held for herd replacement were down 3 percent from a year earlier. On the other hand, all calves under 500 pounds on Jan. 1 and not on feed showed a gain of nearly 4 percent. Futrell states that the total of these groups represents a 2 percent Increase over last year. ."Though this Is only a rough Indicator," says Futrell, "It suggests a potential small year-to-year Increases In feedlot placements for 1972." The economist further explains that the 3 percent increase in the nation's beef cow herd suggests further moderate increased in the calf crop and in the number of cattle available for feeding and slaughter over the next couple of years. While cow numbers are increasing more rapidly than human population, per capita demand for beef has continued to increase enough to more than offset the larger beef supplies. States Futrell, "For the time being, further expansion In beef cow numbers of around 3 percent pei year should not prove excessive and permit 1972 feeder and slaughter cattle prices to average close to 1971 levels." fit. Many older windbreaks do not do the job they were planted to do. Livestock grazing, sod en- oorachment, loss of trees by insects, disease and drought, and crowding have reduced the effectiveness of many old windbreaks. Also, buildings have been added since the trees were established and the trees are too close to the buildings for good winter protection. A windy day when the snow is moving is an excellent time to tell if a windbreak Is doing its job properly. Many older windbreaks, because they consist of older broadleaf trees, are too open at ground level and allow the snow to be blown through the trees. A good windbreak should catch *he snow in the trees or Just on the protected side. For best protection, the buildings should be about 100 feet Inside of the windbreak. Adding one or more rows of read cedar or scrubs on the north or west side will correct the problem of snow blowing through and sometimes the Improper location of the windbreaks in relation to the buildings. Some windbreaks should have several rows of older trees removed and replanted with rows of cedar. The evergreen trees will live far longer than most of our broadleafed trees and will slow down the wind and snow. Use fans to remove barn odors Fans, properly installed, will remove the ammonia odors from your barn, and help precent condensation and frost on the roof and walls. The secret of success in the operation of an exhaust fan it to size and place the air inlets to give a uniform intake of air around the barn. Wide open doors or windows destroy the effectiveness of ventilation. For every 10,000 pounds of animal weight in a building, an air intake of about one and one-fourth square feet Is needed in the winter. This intake opening should be distributed around the outside wall In the form of a slot. The slot opening should be adjusted so it can be opened to 10 times the size for summer ventilation. Since the re- (Contlnued on page 9) SIOUX-PREME PACKING CO, Sioux Center, Iowa Prices Paid Last Week Feb. 15 Feb. 16 Feb. 17 Feb. 18 Feb. 19 Feb. 21 26.00-26.25 25.50-25.75 25.25-25.50 25.50-25.75 25.50-25.75 25.25-25.50 If you have hogs for sale call Collect 722-8001 Group Health Program Farm Bureau and Blue Cross- Blue Shield It provides 1. 365 day comprehensive Blue Cross hospital benefits 2. 365 day comprehensive Blue Shield doctors benefits 3. $50,000 major medical medical coverage 4. Post-hospital drugs Special Enrollment Open House Dates SIOUX COUNTY FARM BUREAU BLDG. Feb. 24 and Feb. 29 Those accepted during this special enrollment period willhave no waiting periods on existing conditions except maternity. Farmers Mutual Co-op Assoc. Lumber Yard Maurice The ALTON PREMIUM FEED COMPANY Wants you To Sleep like A KINO And mm On Cannon "ROYAL FAMILY" Sheets & Pillow Cases OFFER starts February 18th and ends MARCH 4, 1972 (Any order received by March 4th and delivered by March llth, will be included in this offer) Theae Cannon "ROYAL FAMILY" Sheets And Pillow Cases are FREE with the purchase of Alton Premium Cattle, Hog, or Poultry Concentrates, FREE With One Ton: FREE With Two Ton: FREE With Three Ton: Two-Cannon "Royal Family" No Iron Pillow Cases, One Twin Flat and One Twin Fitted Cannon "Royal Family" No Iron Sheets f One Full Flat and One Full Fitted Cannon "Royal Family" No Iron Sheets, See The "Koyof Famity" At Your Alton Premium Dealer 1 i 1 ' \ J THE SIOUX COUNTY CAPITAL, Thursday, February ?4,

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