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Cut Rural Programs Nearly $1.5 Billion WASHINGTON (AP) Farmers, who were advised by a Republican political slogan last fall to "Re-elect Nixon or Lose Your Butz," have seen the Agriculture Department slice nearly $1.5 billion a year off rural programs the past three weeks. The cutbacks, ordered by White House budget planners, have drawn sharp criticism from farm organizations and are sure to stir debate when Congress reconvenes next week. » Although heightened more recently by cuts in conservation and loan programs, the string of budget actions actually began Dec. 11, when Agriculture Secretary Earl L, Butz announced a 1973 feed grain program aimed at boosting corn and soybean production at less cost to taxpayers. Payments to feed producers under the plan are expected to be down about $800 million from 1972 levels. Another $100 million or so is expected to be trimmed from cotton payments. The latest decision, announced Wednesday, will turn off further emergency loans made by the Farmers Home WINTER SPORTS CAPITAL OF IOWA 8 PAGES TODAY DAILY NEWS 104th YEAR; NO. 59 ESTHERV1LLE, IOWA, 51334, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1972 WEEK, 60c; COPY, 15c Protest U.S. Bombing By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Worldwide protests mounted today against renewed U.S. bombing of North Vietnam ordered by President Nixon after secret peace talks collapsed in Paris. In China, Premier CHou En- lai was reported to have said that the bombing "certainly" would have an adverse affect on relations with the United States. "The United States government should stop the bombing," he told Washington Post reporter Marilyn Berger. "1 hope you will convey my answer to the American people." Stirrings of protest were also evident in the U.S. Congress, where 18 House Democrats said they were seeking a special session of the Democratic National Committee to organize a national campaign of public opposition to the bombing, now in its 12th day. And a Republican senator from Ohio said in an interview that he was dropping his support of Nixon's war policies because of the chief executive's "arrogance and irresponsibility." Sen. William B. Saxbe told the Cleveland Plain Dealer, "I have followed President Nixon through all his convolutions and specious arguments, but he appears to have lost his senses on this." A member of the Senate Armed Service Committee, Saxbe predicted, "He is going Another Beginning By DON OAKLEY There is no compelling reason that we observe January 1 as the beginning of a new year. It matters not to the planet, as it makes its appointed orbital rounds, at what point the self-important little creatures who cling to its surface say that one revolution of the sun has been completed and another begun. The ancients, in their closeness to and dependence upon the cycles of nature, were actually more sensible about this calendar business than we by marking each new year with the coming of spring and the return of life to the land, or associating it with some other important seasonal event, such as the flooding of the Nile. It is only in relatively modern times that we have arbitrarily selected January 1 as New Year's Day. The Julian calendar, which began its year on March 25, was, in fact, used by Great Britain and its American colonies until the middle of the 18th century, long after the rest of Christendom had adopted the Gregorian or reformed calendar. We could argue that January 1 is a logical choice because it comes shortly after the winter solstice, that point in the earth's orbit when the days slowly start growing longer in the Northern Hemisphere. However, this is purely happenstance, and anyway, for those in the Southern Hemisphere it means just the opposite, that the nights are growing longer and that summer is ending—no particular cause for celebration. No, there is less reason for us to observe January 1 as the beginning of a new calendar year than there is for the government to continue using July 1 as the beginning of a new fiscal year just because, once upon a time, Congresses finished their legislative work by the end of June. But New Year's Day also falls hard upon Christmas Day. Perhaps here is a clue to the reasoning behind our calendar, if reasons we need. With Christmas comes the memories of Christmases past, that warm feeling of good will toward our fellows that always manifests itself at this season and infects even the Scrooges among us, as well as a sort of summing up in our minds of what we have done, or failed to do, for ourselves and for others during the previous year. Some of that sentiment, that good will, that resolve to do better in the coming year carries over for at least a week. All the bills, of course, carry over. Perhaps then it is highly appropriate that our New Year's Day, which in all cultures has been a time to straighten out old debts and make plans and resolutions for the future, should fall during the one period in the year when we are most receptive to thoughts of a new beginning. Let the astronomers keep track of solstices and equinoxes and solar revolutions. New Year's Day, like Christmas, is something that happens in the heart. And in every heart this day is the same wish: May it be a Happy New Year. (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.) to have all kinds of trouble. He has asked no support, and he'll not get it." In London. Roy Jenkins, former deputy leader of Britain's opposition Labor party, has appealed to Prime Minister Edward Heath to speak out against the bombing, saying it was "one of the most cold blooded actions in recent history." At the United Nations, a Vietnam debate was being considered by a loose organization of 60 nonaligned nations. Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim received an appeal from Sweden's five main political parties to seek an end to the bombing. Elsewhere, about 40 Korean War veterans from western Canada said they would return their war service medals as a protest against the bombing and against what they described as Canada's failure to cease supplying the United States with war materials. In Australia,. the Seamens Union said it had told Nixon in a telegram of a decision to provide no tugs for U.S. ships seeking to berth in or depart from the country's ports. About 80 demonstrators in Wellington, New Zealand, gathered outside the U.S. embassy today, lowered the American flag and burned it. In Rome, Premier Giulio Andreotti's office, which had previously been silent on the matter, announced that Foreign Minister Giuseppe Medici had been instructed to ask that the bombing be stopped and that peace negotiations be resumed. On the horizon were demonstrations in Washington on Inauguration Day Jan. 21. They were announced earlier by various peace groups. Plane Crash And Now for the Follow-through AMHERST, Neb. (AP)— Five members of a North Glenn, Colo., family and a man and wife from Thornton, Colo., were killed Thursday night in the crash of a single engine plane near here. The single engine Cherokee PA-32, leased from Lease-A- Plane in Denver, was en route from Denver to Omaha. The Buffalo County sheriff's office identified the victims as Larry Hall, 31, his wife, Sharon, 29, their three children, Larry, Susan and Aaron, and Douglas Stanley, 24, and his wife, Annette, 22. The Halls were from North Glenn, Colo., and the Stanleys were from Thornton, Colo. They were en route to Omaha to visit the parents of Mrs. Hall, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Carter, The Colorado residents were scheduled to go on to Detroit, Mich., to attend a wedding following their Omaha visit. The ages of the Hall children were not immediately available. The Forecast COLDER Administration to farmers who may need help because of crop and livestock losses from storms, floods and severe harvest weather this fall. No firm estimate has been made of savings as a result of the FHA decision, but some officials believe the turnoff could mean farmers will be deprived of several hundreds of millions of dollars in potential emergency aid. Official estimates had put the FHA emergency-loan volume at $140 million for the year ending next June 30, but sources said privately the potential might have been as high as $600 million. Earlier this week, the department announced cancellation of further aid under the Rural Environmental Assistance Program (REAP) and the new Water Bank Program. Congress had authorized a combined total of $235.5 billion for those programs in 1973. Still another December cutback was a notice that farm grain storage and drying loans by the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service would be trimmed 75 per cent beginning next July 1. Not all of the cutbacks will mean savings to the government this fiscal year, the period ending next June 30. Crop program payments, for example, begin after July 1 and usually are completed by the end of the calendar year. But the thrust of the decision is to save money and to hold down on the federal budget. Nixon has set a $250 billion maximum for all federal spending in the 1972-73 fiscal year, and the decisions to curb REAP and FHA, particularly, were made by the White House with that goal in mind. The National Farmers Union blasted the REAP and water bank cutoff order, quietly sent by the Agriculture Department • ,*state offices on Dec. 22, as "shocking" and wants the administration to restore the programs. "The administration must have known it wouldn't be making any friends by doing away with these programs," NFU President Tony Dechant said in a statement. "Otherwise, itwould not have waited until the Christmas parties were under way to release it." Dechant said the USDA announcement — not issued until Dec. 26 to newsmen — included "bureaucratic double - talk" about farmers having record high incomes this year and therefore not needing the conservation payments. GLAEDELIGT NYTAR! Or as she says in English, "Happy New Year!" Marie Petersen Berven of Estherville was a New Year's baby in Denmark, 90 years ago come 1973. Beside her is a floral greeting from a grandson. — Photo by Carol Higgins. Born 90 Years Ago On New Year's Day By CAROL HIGGINS She came with the New Year almost 90 years ago in Denmark. "My mother was afraid I was going to be born in 1882," chuckles Mrs. Marie Berven of Estherville, who still puts a Danish "dth" in the English lan- uage. "Then she was wondering if I was going to skip along and be born on her birthday, Jan. 2." Marie, whose family name was Petersen, did not "skip along" but was born only five minutes after midnight. In Denmark she worked in the creamery as a buttermaker, she says, coming to the United States when she was 22. She went to Ringsted where she had two brothers and an aunt and uncle. She found there was no employment here for "ladies in the creamery," so she found work keeping house for various farmers, until her marriage to a widower with children. On the farm of that day, she says, "We just done everything — pulled the washer." She refers to a manual contraption for the laundry. The children attended a small country school about 2V2 miles away, she remembers. In good weather they could cross the fields but in winter snows, "we had to get out the hurses and sled." On Dec. 11, 1932, her husband died. Her youngest son was then 8, the others older and she gave up the farm soon after and went to Maple Hill to live. Of the youngest boy, she says, "He was 17'/2 when the war broke out. He was bound and determined to go into it. He was 19 when he was killed in Africa." After his death she went to California, staying 18 years and working as a housekeeper. She stayed with one family until their child was raised then kept house for some time for a convalescent. When Marie was 78, she decided it was time to retire and she moved back to Iowa to live in a house in Estherville which she had purchased. She will celebrate her 90th brthday this weekend with her children, "if the weather will allow them to come." She has a son living near Haifa, a daughter in Chokio, Minn., and a son in the state of Washington. People don't celebrate the New Year as "we always did in the old country," she says. "We would dress up in crazy clothes and off we went to the neighbors and we took anything we could make noise on. We went up to the houses making noise and singing." Wherever they were at midnight," she said, they were invited in for coffee and hot chocolate. "For my part, we had better time then they have now." Property Assessments Start Monday Personal property annual assessments will begin in Emmet County Tuesday, Jan. 2, according to County Assessor Wayne Lynch. All residents of the county should begin receiving cards listing the time and place they are to meet with field assessors to determine their personal property tax. Under Iowa law, each resident is required to list all taxable personal property that he owns, or which he has control over, Lynch stated. ITEMS that are taxable are as follows: livestock, machinery, furniture in furnished apartments, boats and motors, contractor equipment, motorized golf carts and minibikes. If the time listed on the card is not convenient for the prop erty owner, he should call the assessor's office and arrange for an alternate date and time. Those eligible may also apply for homestead, additional homestead and military exemptions. Anyone who has paid a minimum of 10 per cent down on his home and intends to live in the dwelling for a period of at least six months from the date of the application may apply for the homestead exemption. To be eligible for an additional homestead exemption, a person must first be eligible for a homestead exemption. Persons applying for such exemptions must also be over 65 years of age as of Jan. 1 and have a net income of less than $4,000 a year. EACH HOMEOWNER who qualifies for the credit will be eligible for a credit of $125 re- Among Other Things... No Publication There will be no publication of the Estherville Daily News on Monday, Jan. 1, in observance of New Year's Day. The Estherville' Shopper will be published on Wednesday rather than the normal Tuesday because of the Holidays. Christmas Tree Pick-up A special Christmas tree pick-up will be conducted by the City of Estherville between the hours of 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. Thursday, Jan. 4. Only one day has been designated as 'tree pick-up day' and trees must be placed at the curb prior to 8 a.m. to be assured of disposal, according to Steve Woodley, code enforcement officer. He also noted that the tree pick-up will be separate from the normal refuse collection operation and there will be no charge for picking up the Christmas Trees. gardless of the amount, of the assessed or taxable value on the homestead, unless the property tax is less than $125. Each owner making application for credit because of age or total disability shall annually, on or before July 1, file on a form to be provided by the director of revenue a verified statement with the county assessor, showing these four things: 1. He was 65 years of age or totally disabled before midnight on Dec. 31 of the year immediately preceding the year of the tax levy. 2. His Iowa net income, plus interest and dividends from federal securities and income from social security and other tax- exempt retirement or pension plans when included with that of his spouse, if any, during the last preceding 12-month income tax accounting period is less than $4,000. 3. The cost of all additions or improvements made to the dwelling house of the homestead and the cost of any new structure erected on the homestead, and the actual value of any land added to the homestead, during the preceding year, and describing same. If any such addition or improvements, exclusive of repairs and maintenance, has been made, the assessor shall determine whether the assessed valuation of the homestead shall be increased, and if so, the amount of such increase. The additional credit provided herein shall not be allowed in any year if such increase in assessed valuation exceeded the amount of $250, in the preceding year, but such disallowance shall be determined on a year basis. 4. That he expressly waives any confidentiality as to all income tax information obtainable through the department of revenue, including all information covered by section by the Code. The waiver shall apply only to information available to the county or city assessor who shall hold the information confidential except as it may become public through use as evidence to disallow the credit. VETERANS of World War I, World War II, the Korean War and Vietnam Wars, may apply for military exemptions. Veterans of the Korean War must have served between June 27, 1950, and Jan. 31, 1955, to be eligible. Applications for exemptions, which must be made each year, are required to be submitted before July 1. OWNERS of dogs six months old, or over, or when the dog becomes six months old, must also license their pets for the coming year, Lynch said. Application is made by presenting a certificate of vaccination at the county assessor's office. The certificate must be valid for a period of six months from the date of the license application. Applications for female dogs must be accompanied by a $3 fee while a $2 fee is required with males or spayed females. In order to insure that each property owner in the county has listed taxable personal property, Lynch said, the assessor's office will conduct spot checks in each township. A penalty of 100 per cent of the taxable value of the property can be assigned to any property reported. Lynch addeU that an assessment can be appealed, but the penalty cannot.