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Around the Rotunda Federal Welfare Hits Iowa Legislature "Wonder If These Things Would Work on Pollution, Taxes, Inflation . . . ?" ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, MON„ DEC, 18, 1972 Page 4 By Ha! Boyle By HARRISON WEBER Iowa Daily Press Association DES MOINES— CIDPA) - Iowa officials are discovering thatfederalizationof three welfare programs is not without its problems. In fact, one of the biggest issues facing the Iowa Legislature is expected to revolve around supplemental aid to thousands of welfare recipients. Here's what is happening: Congress has enacted legislation stripping the states of most of their responsibility in administrating old age assistance, aid to the blind and aid to the disabled programs. Starting Jan. 1, 1974, Social Security Offices throughout the country will be responsible for these three programs. However, there is a catch: Recipients will receive the same monthly grant, S130 for a single person and $195 for a married couple, under all three programs. This turns out to be S3 a month more for a single person and SI less for a married couple under both the old age assistance and aid to the disabled programs. Aid to the blind recipients who are single presently draw an allowance of S148 a month. Under the federal program this would be cut back to $130. There also would be a reduction in the grants to blind people who are married. This federal law permits states to supplement these programs, but it is all state money in the supplement. There appears to be many pitfalls in the new program. For example, under the present system if a man reaches age 65 and is eligible for old age assistance and his wife, who is under 65, has no means of income, she, too, will receive a grant. Not under the new program; only the man, in this instance, would qualify at $130 a month. Another allied problem is that the Social Security offices will only make a determination regarding a persons' eligibility. Presumably, they will not handle on-going investigations which might alter a person's needs and subsequent classification. To illustrate, under today's program a serviceworker might decide that a person receiving old age assistance should be placed in a boarding home. Apparently the state will have to place more emphasis on its service programs, such as the homemaker program. About 15(1 income-maintenance people now working for the state will be able to apply for jobs with the federal govern ment. However, no credit will be given for seniority gained through the state system. In essence an employe would have to start from scratch with the federal government. But the state's job is not expected to diminish. Although the state will have an annual savings of approximately $5 million that it will not have to appropriate to match federal funds, this cost is expected to be more than off set by the amount needed for expanding services. The state will nave to provide medical services for every person eligible Jan. 1, 1972, or who would have been eligible if they had applied. This is an expansion of Tide XLX, or Medicaid. At the present time, some 27,000 adults are receiving public assistance through the old age, disabled and blind grants. It's anticipated that the case load for these three programs will jump to 58,000 by Jan. 1. The federal legislation does not change the aid to dependent children (ADC). OP mm Business Mirror A Columnist's Mai NEW YORK AP - Things a columnist might never know if he didn't open his mail: Scientists are getting more worried about how long the earth can keep out the welcome mat for an increase in the human race without destroying the planet's capacity to give people a possible home of some security, plenty, grace and dignity. The human family presently is gaining an average 1,400,000 members a week, or nearly 140 a minute. Gangsters must envy the safety that the many layers of an astronaut's space suit provide. They are disigned to stop micrometeoroid fragments traveling at 64,000 miles an hour, about 30 times the speed of a rifle bullet. But, since the suits are priced in the neighborhood of $28,000 or more each, their market still is somwhat limited. Considering what fuel costs will be in your home this winter, don't you wish Santa Claus would stuff your Christmas stocking with a few pounds of uranium this year? One ounce of uranium- it's about the size of golf ball — contains as much energy as 15 carloads of coal. Quotable notables: "A psychiatrist is a man who goes to the Folies Bergere and looks at the Mervyn Stockwood. audience." Dr. Capital of youth: If you like to live among young people, you can hardly do better than go to Singapore. Half of its 2.2 million people are under 20 years of age, according to the National Geographic Society. The weaker sex? The main reason that men are, in some ways physically stronger than women is that their bodies are 40 per cent muscle, whereas a woman's body is only about. 30 per cent muscle. Unfortunately for male claims of superiority, however, muscles aren't brains. Worth remembering: "He who sacrifices his conscience to ambition burns a picture to obtain the ashes." — Chinese proverb. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Letters to the editor are welcome. They should be brief, legible, written on one side of the paper and include signature, address and telephone number. Daily News reserves right to edit contents. Wage-Price Controls BY JOHN CUNNIFF AP Business Analyst NEW YORK (AP) - The argument for dropping wage-price controls this coming April has been undermined by the. decidedly bad news that wholesale prices rose strongly in November after showing signs of settling down. It isn't likely to be the only bad news either, because there is an inclination in expanding industrial economics for wages and prices to seek even higher levels. It is unthinkable that they should fall. It is so in Canada and Britain and Germany and Italy and France and Japan and every other nation dedicated to using to the limit its resources, physical and AILY NEWS An Independent newspaper published "Monday through Friday," except principal holidays, excluding February 22 and Veterans Day. Second class postage paid at Estherville, Iowa. Published by the Estherville Daily News, Division of Mid-America Publishing Corp., 10 N. 7th St., Estherville, Iowa 51334. Subscription rates: City of Estherville, Armstrong, Ringsted, Terrll and Graettinger, delivered by carrier, 60 cents per week; $7.80 for 3 months, (15.60 for 6 months, $29.70 year. By mail in Emmet and bordering counties: $15.60 year, Zones 1-8, $19.50 year. Fred E. Williams, Publisher; Charles Ostheimer, Managing Editor; Richard Myers, Advertising Director; Gladys Streiff, Business Manager; Donald Stoffel, Production Manager. Member of Associated Press, Iowa Daily Press Association, Iowa Press Association. Photos submitted to this newspaper will not be returned by mail. However, they may be picked up at the Dally News Office. human, so as to keep the greatest number working at the highest wages. Compared to some European nations, the United States has done a superb job of tackling the price issue. The rate of inflation has been reduced to about 3.5 per cent, while in Europe it is rising above 6 per cent. But there are developing patterns in the United States suggesting that while it was courageous to rope the bull with wage and price controls, it will be another thing to wrestle the ensnarled animal to the ground. While sale price increases generally presage retail price rises sometimes by only a matter of weeks, as with food, a major factor in the big six tenths of one per cent rise in November. Adding ammunition to the argument for a retention of controls is the fact that spending pressures remain strong throughout the economy — in business, consumer and government categories—and likely will remain that way. Government overspending has been a major factor in the loss of economic stability that began in the mid 1960s and it remains so today. Heavy budget deficits eventually are paid for in the form of inflation. While business capital spending may rise around 12 per cent or so in 1973, based on reliable projections it will probably be down a bit from the 16 per cent rate of 1972. However, consumer spending might be higher. By Don Oakley CATV Potential Almost Unlimited Little did the guy who put up the first community television antenna—CATV—in the hills of Pennsylvania back in the late '40s dream that his efforts to clarify the signal for the local folk would spawn today's billion- dollar industry. With six million subscribers now hooked up around the nation, and with at least 20 million subscribers forecast by the end of this decade (some estimates double that figure), there is little doubt that CATV is big business. CATV is doing a lot more than clarifying signals, however. Pay television is already in hotels and is being tested for home use through systems as wide apart as Virginia, Florida and Southern California. The reason for the expected burgeoning of CATV channels is fairly simple: The Federal Communications Commission finally seems disposed to examine the regulatory issues involved in CATV, including the establishment of a satellite communications system for the United States. Today it is possible to get some programs from other parts of the world via the Comsat satellite, but it's sporadic and has to be timed. All this would change with the proposed new satellite system. Once ground rules have been laid down by the FCC, look for an immediate and dramatic expansion in television fare, say industry spokesmen. A wide variety of programming that is not economical to present today would be made available, something for everyone in the family, says William J. Bresnan, president of TelePrompTer, the largest CATV company. Theoretically, the satellite/cable television combination could give a home set almost unlimited capacity— hundreds of channels, thousands of different programs. Add the wonders of the computer, which will make possible two-way communications between the home terminal and a central station—a school, for example—and you have a communications system of truly dramatic potentialities. Speaking of schools, educators are not merely intrigued by those potentialities. "We're excited by what we're finding and are even staggered by the promises of cable technology," writes Catherine Barrett, president of the National Education Association, in a special supplement on CATV in the organization's magazine. But the revolution, if suoh it is, won't be overnight. It is interesting to note that a nationwide study of in- school use of an experimental series called "The Electric Company," broadcast over conventional television and designed to help teach basic reading skills, found that while 97 per cent of §11 American homes have TV. only 51 per cent of all elementary schools have TV capability. Now the Two-Home Families The two-car, two-TV, two-this and two-that family, long since commonplace, is rapidly being overtaken by the two-home family. While most people have enough to do to meet single mortgage or rental payments, there are already three- million two-home families and their number is growing at the rate of more than 200,000 a year. According to the National Association of Home Builders, residential housing starts will total about 2.35 million for 1972 when the final figures are in, and 10 to 15 per cent of them are estimated to be second homes. At the same time, the mobile home industry will have sold almost 600,000 units and an undetermined, but considerable, number are believed to be second homes. The value of private residential construction in 1972 is put at $53 billion. If the 15 per cent estimate is correct, that means that almost $8 billion will have gone into second homes—not to mention second refrigerators, furniture, bedding and all the other conveniences and necessities that make an American house a home. (NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN.) SGT. STRIPES ... FOREVER by Bill Howrilla THE BORN LOSER by Art Sonsom OOP HATS MO COATS, Bess. If'} k, HI*. W , T M R.| U i I'M SOPPr-SHWePlcT! "IT-iis MUsTTge. CARNIVAL by Dick Turner SIDE GLANCES by Gill Fox -~ WINTHROP by Dick Cavalli C Itll k, HI*. I". ™ "« UJ - ft yiL /Nfe 7^ t TO k HIA, It., T.M. t.| U.J. M. W..'H THE BADGE GUYS by Bowen & Schwarr 'I forgot the piece I was t'poeed to say! That's why I tang a commercial!" "It's getting to be such a dirty world, no one under 18 ought to be admitted!"