Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa on December 18, 1972 · Page 3
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December 18, 1972

Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa · Page 3

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Estherville, Iowa
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Monday, December 18, 1972
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ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, MON., DEC. 18, 1972 Page 3 Moon Crew Prepares for Splashdown On Course For Tuesday Homecoming SPACE CENTER, Houston (AP) — With the major space exploits behind them, the Apollo 17 astronauts performed last-minute packing and housekeeping chores today in preparation for their homecoming. Astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Harrison H. Schmitt and Ronald E. Evans were right on course for a splashdown in the South Pacific at 2:24 p.m. EST Tuesday. Their ship America was operating perfectly. Apollo 17 passes the halfway mark in its journey from the moon to earth at 3:26 p.m. EST today. At that time, the last planned mission to the moon will be 120,138 miles from both earth and moon. Ahead of the astronauts, on their last full day in space and after a night's rest, was the task of stowing equipment, reviewing checklists and cleaning up the command ship. The spacemen also had to secure their record cargo of moon rocks, three cannisters of film and other science treasure gathered during the 13-day mission to the moon. In the last major exploit of the mission, Evans made a 44- minute walk in deep space Sunday to retrieve the film cannis­ ters from a part of the ship which won't return to earth and bring them to the safety of America's cabin. "Hey, there's the earth right out the hatch!" said Evans as he glided into space at the end of a 25-foot lifeline. "Beautiful. Hey, that sun is bright. That's a beautiful moon down there. A full moon." Bundled in a white space suit and a helmet, Evans moved with hesitant grace and obvious relish. He laughed and sang and called out to, his family on earth 180,000 miles away who watched the space walk by television. "Hi, Jan. Hi, Jaime. Hi, Jon," he said, waving with one hand while holding to a rail with the other. His wife, Janet, shouted back to the television set she was watching at home; "Hey, honey, don't fall!" The astronaut moved slowly, his spacesuit glowing in the bright sunlight. He hummed and sang and noted, "Hey, this is great. Talk about being a spaceman, this is it." He made three trips between the spaceship hatch and the instrument bay, returning each time with a cannister which he handed to his crevvmates, who were also suited against the vacuum of space. Two of the cannisters Evans recovered contained about two Four Per Cent of Adults In Iowa Are Alcoholic DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) An estimated four per cent of the adults in Iowa — about 70,000 — are alcoholics, according to Harry R. Gittins, director of the state alcoholism program. "And we have the same number of problem drinkers not classified as alcoholics," Gittins said, "Both need help." Gittins heads the program, under the State Office for Planning and Programming here, designed to allocate federal funds to regional alcoholic service centers and to provide state wide planning for alcoholism programs. These federal funds are used to supplement funds provided by the Iowa Legislature and funds raised on a local level to support the alcoholism programs. '"In most cases, the local' funding is the big funding," Gittins said. "The state and federal money is kind of peanuts. But in some areas the local efforts haven't done well and -we ; have to give them a little' mope help oh account of that." " Gittins estimates that more than $4 million annually is being spent to care for alcoholics in Iowa. "We give $500,000, the state $500,000 and with county contributions, individual contributions, insurance and United Funds, it would be at least $4 million," he said. County participation in the alcoholism program is primarily from local property taxes. "There is a provision in the state law that requires counties to match the state payment," Gittins said. "Many counties allocate much more than required by law." Iowa is divided into 16 areas to provide alcoholism treatment. Most of the areas have at least one center with some having two or three. "We don't have funding going "in the Carroll and Ottumwa areas because they don't have structured nonprofit corporations or a structure we consider sufficiently responsible to handle federal funds," Gittins said. "They just aren't organized." The alcoholism program director said the Iowa program is designed to keep the alcoholic "on the job — keep him working." This has resulted in the area centers where medical care and counseling are available lo- List Some Vitamins Potentially Dangerous NEW YORK (AP) - The word vitamin comes from a Latin word, vita, for life itself, and indeed vitamins are of vital importance to growth and health. But, like many of the other things in life, they are surrounded by controversy, myth and misuse. The misuse came into the news in recent days when the federal Food and Drug Administration proposed to restrict the potentially dangerous use of vitamins A and D in some treatments. The problem with vitamins A and D illustrates the approacli to vitamins taken by many people and cited repeatedly by scientists: "If these vitamins are good for me, even vital, then why won't more of the vitamins be even better?" In the case of A and D, the answer is simple: It has been proven that excessive or massive doses actually can be harmful. Part of the problem with these vitamins is that the body tends to store them. Further, according to one expert, there is very little evidence available on the effects of massive doses of any vitamin. There is little evidence available of the effects of massive doses over a long period of time — of what the cumulative effect might be. The classic example of vitamin controversy is the contention by the two-time Nobel prize winner, Dr. Linus Pauling, that a lot of vitamin C can protect against, and fight, the common cold. Other claims for vitamins include those for vitamin E, which is enjoying a relatively now popularity. Vitamin E, the claims run, can do many things, such as ward off heart disease and increase sexual potency. These claims are widely discounted by vitamin experts. There are some who believe vitamins play a role in the treatment of mental illness. Dr. Pauling has coined the term "orthomolecular psychiatry," a method of treating mental illness by correcting the balance of vitamins and other natural substances in the body. This approach to mental ill- nes.s, however, is regarded with great skepticism by many scientists. For most people, the concern about vitamins is simply one of maintaining a state of general health and well being. Because vitamins are found in small quantities in almost all foods, a well balanced diet is of great importance in maintaining good health. Indeed, it is said repeatedly, that a well balanced daily diet is sufficient to maintain normal health. But it has also been pointed out that there are millions of Americans whose diet is a disaster due to poor eating habits or poverty or other factors. The soda-pop and potato-chip emphasis in the diet of many teen-agers, regardless of economic level, has been cited many times. And others, such as pregnant women, must pay special attention to their diet. A physician's advice is necessary in many cases. In addition to inadequate diets, there are vitamin problems caused by the failure of the body, in some individuals, to absorb nutrients properly. Some people require more than the average, some less. The Food and Drug Administration's proposals on vitamins A and D do not concern these problems, but those of overdose. The agency said overdoses of vitamin A can cause various complications, ranging from growth retardation in children to headaches and cm :ked skin. The possible complications from vitamin D overdoses range from high blood pressure to kidney failure and death. "Widespread promotion of both vitamins has resulted in "excessive use for conditions such as acne, night blindness and arthritis," according to the FDA statement. The FDA said "Neither vitamin A nor D are proven effective for these conditions in well nourished people." cally and with many areas furnishing half-way houses to provide homes for alcoholics who need them while they have treatment and continue to work. "The counseling may include the family or husband or wife and it often includes Alcoholics Anonymous as well," Gittins said. Although the Iowa program is relatively new — with the individual centers only one to four years old — "The National Institute of Alcoholic abuse says Iowa is one of four leading states in treatment and rehabilitation," Gittins said. To see that the Iowa program continues to be upgraded, Gittins' office is currently evaluating the state program. "One part of the evaluation is obvious," Gittins said. "We see whether or not we are treating more people. "But the main part is not so easy," he continued. "That is a follow up on these people — a year or two years after they received treatment to see if they are still sober or if the treatment did no good." miles of film from two cameras which mapped and photographed the moon. The third cannis­ ter contained film exposed by a lunar sounder, a device which plotted the layers beneath the moon's surface by shooting out X rays and recording their echo. Evans, who trained for months to strengthen the muscles of his forearms and back for the strain of the space walk, performed the chore without difficulty, even taking time to examine the outside of the space craft. "The whole side of the spacecraft is scorched like a son of a gun," said Evans. "There are little blisters you can poke your finger through." Apollo 17 was aimed perfectly toward splashdown 400 miles southeast of Samoa. Good weather was forecast for the splashdown and the prime re- c o v e r y ship, the USS Ticonderoga, was on station and waiting for return of the spacemen. Mission Control told the astronauts their spacecraft was so perfectly aimed that a planned course correction on Sunday was not needed. Another course correction rocket burn, if needed, has been scheduled for 4:11 p.m. today. Space officials said all three of the astronauts were in excellent condition, despite a complaint from Evans of gas on the stomach. Doctors discussed the stomach problem with Evans in a private line conversation early Sunday, and officials reported later that Cernan "very emphatically said all were feeling really great." Last Apollo But Skylab Next Venture ABOARD USS TICONDEROGA (AP) - Seventeen is the last Apollo, but its three crewmen's work won't end when they board this recovery ship on splashdown Tuesday. They'll immediately begin tests to aid America's next space venture — Skylab. Instead of going straight to the Ticonderoga's hospital when a helicopter brings them aboard, Eugene A. Cernan, Harrison H. Schmitt and Ronald E. Evans will enter a new facility called a Skylab Mobile Laboratory or SML. Splashdown is scheduled at 2:24 p.m. Tuesday in the South Pacific, 350 miles southeast of American Samoa. SML includes six box-like structures each 19 feet long, 14 feet wide and 9 feet tall and occupies the rear part of the hangar deck adjoining the section where the returned Apollo 17 spacecraft will be housed. Each little building has a tag identifying its function: nutrition endocrinology laboratory, blood laboratory, cardiovascular laboratory and microbiology laboratory. Mel Richmond, Apollo 17 deputy recovery team leader, said the SML has everything the doctors and technicians will need to examine astronauts for the effects of the moon flight. The Apollo 17 crew also will be put through tests planned for Skylab crews who have orbited the earth for one-month or two- month periods of weightlessness with possible exposure to radiation. Skylab will consist of an unmanned workshop, scheduled to be launched next April 30 into orbit 206 miles above the earth, and an Apollo-type command module which will be launched May 1 to take a three-man crew to the workshop. After a 28-day duty tour, the crew will aplash down May 28 or May 29. The final Skylab mission, to be launched in November, will be for 56 days. The Apollo 17 astronauts are scheduled to remain on the Ticonderoga until Wednesday. 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