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AP Survey of Legislators Favor Lowering Property Taxes DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) Some property tax relief measure— at least for the elderly— is likely to be passed by the Iowa Legislature in the coming session, according to an Associated Press survey of legislators. Both Republican and Democratic leaders have previously stated that property tax relief for the elderly would be the top priority in the legislative session which starts Jan. 8. But most legislators contacted also said they would work for property tax relief for all Iowans, although some seemed to feel that major shifts of taxes to other than property might be a year or two away. A majority favor using federal revenue sharing money to pay half or all the present counties' share of Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) and to pay some of the school costs that are now paid by property taxes. Iowa will receive $32 million in revenue sharing funds this fiscal year. "The most important principle to establish is that property taxes should not be allowed to increase," said Sen. John Murray, R-Ames. "This means that all additional expenditures for cities, counties and schools should come from other non- property sources." The Iowa Legislature in 1971 passed legislation which has the state picking up more of the school costs and limiting the amount of property taxes that could be levied for education. Most legislators indicate they would prefer to continue the current school aid plan with the state picking up more of the costs if possible. Many would favor "adjustments" to the Iowa income tax, raising the per cent of income paid over $9,000 into the state coffers. A few would approve an additional one cent sales tax to go for property tax relief. Some legislators feel the present state school aid plan should be left as it is until a court case challenging the constitutionality of Iowa's method of financing education—through the property tax—is settled. Sen. Roger Shaff, R-Camache, said he did not believe shifting taxes away from the property tax could be ruled out, "but I believe this will not come about to any great extent until we have a court decision." Rep. David R. Stanley, R- Muscatine, said he believes property tax laws should be changed "to encourage people to improve their property instead of penalizing them. Temporary exemptions for modest improvements would help." Several legislators say they would support reform of the Iowa tax system this session. "We must reform the present Iowa tax structure and close those existing loopholes which benefit the rich at the expense of the poo.r and middle income person," said Sen. William E. Gluba, D-Davenport. If no other property tax relief measure is passed this session, a relief measure for the elderly is likely. One such plan, called the "Vermont plan", is being recommended by the legislative Tax Study Committee. The plan would limit the property tax liability of an elderly Iowan to 7 per cent of his income. A retiree with a total income of $5,000, for example, would be liable for no more than $350 in property taxes on his home with the state to reimburse that person for taxes due above $350. WINTER SPORTS CAPITAL OF IOWA 12 PAGES TODAY DAILY NEWS 104th YEAR; NO. 48 ESTHERVILLE, IOWA, 51334, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1972 WEEK, 60c; COPY, 15c Astronauts Discover Orange Soil on Moon Iff The After Effects Snow removal crews went to work on Estherville streets at 3 a.m. Wednesday morning and by mid-morning had all streets in the business district cleared and were working in the residential areas of the city, according to Superintendent of Public Works Ed Anderson. Anderson also noted that during pe riods of heavy snow, the city would appreciate residents avoiding parking on city streets in both the residential and business districts if possible. Chief of Police C. L. Hackett said that the police department was towing and issuing summons to cars which were parked illegally.— Photo by Jim Ferree City Snow Removal Regulations Superintendent of Public Works Ed Anderson has declared a 'Snow Removal Period' to be in effect for Estherville until further notice. Snow removal parking regulations are now in effect during the hours of 12:01 a.m. until 6 p.m. Vehicles must be parked on the side of the street bearing even numbered addresses on even numbered calendar days and on the side of the street bearing odd numbered addresses on the odd numbered calendar days. The ordinance is in effect between midnight and 6 p.m. except where parking is prohibited by signs. The public will be notified through the news media when 'Snow Removal Periods* are declared. Such periods will only be after heavy snow falls. Code Enforcement Officer Steve Woodley also reminds citizens that city ordinances require that snow be removed from sidewalks by the adjacent property owners within ten hours following the snow or ice storm. The Municipal Code authorizes the city to have the sidewalks cleaned by city crews without notice to the property owner after the ten hour time period has elapsed and the cost of the same assessed to the adjacent property. Snow removed from private property may not be deposited on public property. "Normally," Woodley noted, "where there is a sidewalk, public property extends two feet toward the house from the houseside of the sidewalk or approximately fifteen feet from the curb line." Emmet Fair Shows Loss Emmet County Fair Board was one of several in Iowa to operate in the red this year according to a report released Monday at the 65th annual convention of the Association of Iowa Fairs. The report showed Emmet County losing $848 on the four- day event. Income from the fair was $3,389 and non-fair income was $8,532 for an operating income of $11,921. Total cost of the fair was $10,- 512 and non-fair expense amounted to $2,257 or a total cost of $12,769. Non-fair income includes county aid and receipts from interim use of fair groundfacilities while non-fair expense includes maintenance of buildings and grounds, insurance, interest and cost of staging interim activities. Only 15 of Iowa's 103 county and district fairs showed a profit on fair operation this year, but 81 Among Other Things... Firemen Called to Elks Estherville firemen were called to the Elks Club at 617 2nd Ave. N. Tuesday afternoon to extinguish a grease fire in the oven of a stove in the kitchen. Damage was limited to smoke as city crews were able to extinguish the fire before arrival of the trucks. Santa's Second Visit Santa Claus will make his second visit to Estherville from 7 to 9 p.m. Thursday. Santa's headquarters will again be in his trailer house in the Library Square where he will visit with children. Santa is also scheduled to make two appearances in Estherville Saturday, from 1 to 3 p.m. and 7-9 p.m. Receive Revenue Checks Emmet County and the city of Estherville both received their checks for revenue sharing funds Monday and both will deposit the money until decisions are made for the use of the money. The county's check was for $110,459 which will be put into CD certificates of deposit until the Board of Supervisors determines how to use it. The city's check was for $35,685 with the city council to determine how the money shall be spent showed a profit for the year's total operation. The number showing profits is down 21 from a year ago. One reason given for the red ink is the crackdown on games of chance this past summer by Attorney General Richard C. Turner. Revenue at the concession stands at the 103 fairs dropped $26,000 from a year ago to $359,041. The crackdown ongambling, the fair managers say, also hurt gate receipts which were off $59,000 from $1,031,281 to $972,014. Iowa State Fair Board Secretary Kenneth Fulk told fair board managers attending the meeting that this year's state fair made a profit of only $21,815. That is down $146,558 from a year ago when the state fair had a profit of $168,373. Fulk blamed hot weather during the fair for the drop in profits. Going into the fair, Fulk said he looked for a great grandstand record with advance ticket sales running 40 per cent ahead of last !^Shopping• Days ; SPACE CENTER, Houston (AP) - Discovery of orange- colored soil on the lunar surface by Apollo 17 astronauts Tuesday night created great excitement on the earth as well as on the moon. Rice Named To Selection Committee "~ WASHINGTON, D.C. - Congressman Wiley Mayne (R-Iowa) today announced the appointment of Robert C. Rice of Estherville to serve on his academy selection committee during the coming year. The function of the committee is to personally interview the applicants to the nation's service academies, review their overall records and then recommend principal and alternate appointments to the Congress man. The committee will conduct these interviews on Friday, December 29, in Sioux City. Rice received his BA and MA degrees from the University of Northern Iowa. He received a Specialist's Degree from Iowa State University where he is now a candidate for a Doctorate. Rice has served as Superintendent of the Estherville Community Schools for the past three years, prior to which he was Junior High Principal. Rice is presently President of the local Klwanis Club and serves on many local and state civic and educational committees in various capacities. In making the announcement, Mayne stated, "I am delighted Bob Rice has accepted and will serve on my academy selection committee this year. His experience in the education field and as a public spirited citizen will be of tremendous value in selecting qualified young men for service academies." The Foreca§t CLOUDY Harrison H. "Jack" Schmitt and Eugene Cernan were ecstatic in their exclamations when they sighted the colorful material near a crater called Shorty. And at the Manned Spacecraft Center, a leading scientist called it "one of the most important finds" of the Apollo missions. Schmitt, a geologist, immediately saw the orange area as signifying a possible volcanic vent, or fumarole. Dr. Robin Brett, chief geochemist at the center who discussed the find with newsmen, said from the initial evidence the orange material might have resulted from the moon's "last gaseous gasp of volcanism," or volcanic activity. The reason for the excitement is that if the phenomenon did result from a fumarole it would be the first one found on the moon and would give scientists clues in their search for missing knowledge of the moon's evolution. Brett and other scientists who briefed newsmen during the astronauts' second excursion on the surface of the moon were cautious about their interpretations, but clearly saw a fumarole as a distinct possibility. Confirmation must await return of materials collected at the site to earth so they can be studied in laboratories. It was Cernan who saw the orange first, lie excitedly summoned Schmitt, the first professional scientist on an American space flight. "Man if there ever was — rm not going to say it — but if there ever was something that looked like a fumarole altera tion said. man, this is it," Schmitt Brett termed exchanges with newsmen about the discovery as "the what-if game." The orange color could represent other chemicals present in the rocks of the area, and speculations ranged wide. The geophysicist said if the area is a vent "then it is very significant for the moon because it post-dates the light mantle, which is very young." In the sequence of the moon's history, a mantle of dark material underlies a mantle of lighter material and the dark crater, which would be associated with the fumarole, is punched through these layers, he explained. "Young," in moon geology, might be anywhere from a half- billion to 3 billion years. Till i Christmas: Estherville Stores Open 10 Nights year. But sales slumped when hot weather hit. Although the state fair had an interim income of $172,918, it finished $131,799 in the red for the year. But, as Fulk points out, this includes $225,392 in maintenance plus $54,645 in capital improvements. The Clay County Fair in Spencer showed a profit of $66,108 with an income of $432,564 and a total operating expense of $360,396. Other county fairs in Northwest Iowa to show a profit were the Kossuth County Fair at Algona with a profit of $16,145, Palo Alto at Emmetsburg with $1,250 and the Dickinson at Spirit Lake with $626. LC's Linda Schroeder Tops Democracy Contest Speech contest winners in the "Voice of Democracy" competition judged Monday were Linda Schroeder, Kay Anderson and Ron Hansen. Tapes of original speeches were made by the nine entrants in the local contest, sponsored by the V.F. W. and V.F.W. Auxiliary. The taped talks on the assigned topic, "My Responsibility to Freedom," were judged Monday at the Estherville Chamber of Commerce office. Judges were Barry Huntsinger, Bob Knox and Jim Whitehouse. Ms. Schroeder, who took first place, is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Schroeder. Ms. Anderson, second place, is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Rienhardt and Hansen, third place, is son of Mr. and Mrs'. Asgar Hansen. All are seniors at Lincoln Central. They will be awarded prizes of $50 for first place, $25 for second place and $15 for third place, as well as a medal for each. Honor patches will be awarded to all the nine contestants. Miss Schroeder, as first place winner, will advance to the district contest to be held at a later date. Examine New Mini-Album Kenneth Reynolds, newly appointed assistant postmaster for Estherville, looks over the 1972 mini-album of this year's commemorative stamps with Postmaster Jim Matre, at right. Reynolds, who came here from Rock Rapids where he was assistant postmaster, has been in the postal service for 22 years. He is married and has four children, two of them at home, Sandra, a senior in high school, and Brad, in seventh grade. His family are remaining temporarily in Rock Rapids, where his wife, Darlene, teaches in first grade. Post Office Offers Mini-Album Postmaster Jim Matre said today that the U.S. Postal Service's 1972 Mini-album, containing all of the commemorative stamps issued this year, is now on sale at the Estherville Post Office. The newest edition of the popular folder sells for $3. Last year, nearly one million mini* albums were sold and increased demand is anticipated. Thirty-one stamps are contained in the mini-album. The stamps are protected by see-through mounts, with a descriptive text for each stamp. The mini-album double folds to 8V2 by 11 inches and is red, white and blue on enamel paper. The mini-album is one of the new philatelic items offered to provide information about stamps and to encourage stamp collecting, particularly by young persons. Postmaster Matre pointed out that the mini-albums make ideal Christinas gifts but his initial supply of the albums is limited.