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Federal School Program Based on Welfare Title I Funds Cut $11,000 Title I funds for Estherville Public Schools have been cut by more than $11,000 since 1969, according to Robert Rice, superintendent of Estherville schools. Set up nearly 10 years ago, the federal program was designed to implement the "right to read" principle. Funds on Title I are assigned to school districts on the basis of welfare needs. The economic status of the school population here was such that Estherville's need had not increased correspondingly to that of other areas of the state. Graettinger school district was given an increase of Title I funds while Es therville's were decreased. While federal funding is determined by the welfare statistics, it is pointed out by Title I officials that the program may be used for any educationally disadvantaged youngsters, regardless of income, Oliver T. Himley, chief, Title I, ESEA, in the Iowa Department of Public Instruction, explains: "Funds are distributed to Iowa school districts on the basis of numbers of low-income individuals in the respective school districts by farm and non- farm categories, AFDC, foster care, neglected, and delinquent youngsters combined. The low-income level is the level at which a family becomes eligible for free or reduced price lunches in the school lunch program. Please note that this economic barometer is the basis for distribution of funds, but is not the basis for participation in the program. The funds are for educationally disadvantaged youngsters who may or may not be economically disadvantaged." Legislation authorizing Title I funding is due to expire June 30, 1973. It remains to be seen whether Congress will extend it. For the 1969-70 school year, the amount allotted to the city was $55,581. It represented an increase over the $45,436 for which a program had been planned for the year. The increased funds of that time were put into a pre-kindergarten summer program, and other additions were a half-time health service for primary grades and a home-school worker. For the 1970-71 year, the fund was reduced to $54,262; for 197172 to $47,030 and for this year it has been set at $43,900. The local school district has taken over the cost of the health service and the number of workers in the summer school program has been reduced. A half-time elementary librarian was also dropped after the books were catalogued. The program began, Superintendent Rice explains, with a junior high effort in development of reading skills. "We all have a reading difficulty, from the A student down to the failing student," Rice maintains, and all junior high students are given the reading course which is aimed at improving comprehension and speed. As the program developed, it was moved back to the elementary grades to deal with sight defects, dyslexia, health problems and others. "We are vitally concerned about it but when you have a classroom of 35 youngsters," Rice continues, "it has to be a one-to-one situation to work with some of those reading problems. It is very time-consuming to diagnose and prescribe for special reading problems." Screening out and carrying out a program to aid such children requires the joint efforts of the psychologist, teacher, speech therapist and school nurse, working with the parent. The home-school worker is of aid in talking with parents to learn what special problems a child may have and in taking materials to the home which may be used in working with the youngster. The earlier treatment is begun, the more effective it can be, "We can see significant development in the primary grades, somewhat less in the intermediate and our level of success with junior high reading programs is small. As the Title I funds are decreased, the local board of education must consider the economics of the program, whether to be satisfied with a smaller growth or to pick up the cost." 12 PAGES TODAY WINTER SPORTS CAPITAL OF IOWA The Forecast CLEAR DAILY NEWS 104th YEAR; NO. 47 ESTHERVILLE, IOWA, 51334, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1972 WEEK, 60c; COPY, 15c City's Waste Treatment Grant Is Top Priority Winter Preview Although the official arrival of winter is still more than a week away, Estherville was blanketed with three inches of snow early Tuesday morning. Heavy snow warnings were issued for the entire state and many schools were closed in the hardest hit areas. The snow, however, is expected to end by tonight in Northwest Iowa. Above is the Christmas greeting which Estherville's street decorations provided early risers Tuesday morning, the fluffy snow flocking the ornaments and lazily drifting to the ground. — Photo by Chuck Ostheimer. Thomas Newmann, secretary for the Iowa Environmental Pollution Control in Des Moines, told representatives of Estherville Monday that funding for the city's proposed waste treatment facilities would be forthcoming as soon as the money is released by the federal government. Newmann also stated that the city would be funded with 75 per. cent of the cost of the $7.5 m&-^ lion plant but would not say that the state would provide any matching funds. The city is eligible for another five per cent funding since Emmet County has established a Regional Planning Commission. Making the trip to Des Moines Monday to meet with Newmann were Mayor Linn Foderberg, City Superintendent Ed Anderson and Larry Lively, manager of pollution control for John Morrell and Company. Newmann said at the meeting, "The critical question is where does industry fit in? If the grant offer is made before March 1, 1973, you will be under the old cost recovery where industry will pay back to the city the portion of the local share. If the offer is made after March 1, industry will have to pay back a share of the 75 per cent federal grant." Asked by Mayor Foderberg if he felt the city would be funded Church Plans 'Living Nativity A 'Living Nativity' will be present by the Couples Club of the United Methodist Church parking lot at the corner of 1st Ave. S. 9th St. with performances at 7:30 p.m. and 8 p.m. each day on December 16 and 17. The club will use a recording entitled 'The Song of Christmas' by Fred Waring and his choral group and, as Waring reads the Scripture telling of the birth of the Christ Child and the choral group sings, the members of the cast will coincide their movements with die telling of ancient story, according to the Rev. Richard L. Pearson. IT WAS ST. FRANCIS OF ASSESI who popularized the reenactment of the birth of the Christ Child when he set up a simple manger scene in the little town of Greccio in Italy in the year 1224. During the Middle Ages there were only a few books, the church services conducted in Latin so such holidays as Christmas and Easter held little meaning for many worshipers. This bothered St. Francis who was known as the 'Little Brother of Mankind', for he wanted to humanize the teachings of the Scriptures and to portray to his followers that Christ came from humble beginnings. It is said that, just three years before his death, St. Francis saw some shepherds sleeping in the fields near Greccio and tills gave him the inspiration for portraying the birth of Christ in a way that even the most simple and illiterate could understand. Before making his plans, St. Francis went to Rome to duscuss with Pope Honorius III the idea of setting up a nativity scene and, after the Pope gave his consent, St. Francis asked the assistance of wealthy nobleman, Messer John of Greccio. IN HER BOOK, 'All About Christmas', Maymie R. Kkrythe states "Before Christmas came, the news spread through the town and countryside, therefore crowds of worshipers, many of them with torches and carrying presnets for the Holy Babe, thronged to see this unusual way of teaching the sacred stroy. Tradition tells us this took place in a coave on the hill above Grec cio, not far from Assisi." In die cave Messer John gathered the necessary properties including the manger, straw, a live ox and an ass. Members of congregation took the parts of Mary, Joseph, the shepherds, the angels and the wise men. St. Francis arranged the scene and placed a life-size was figure of the Christ child in die Manger. St. Francis preached and begged his listeners to put away all hatred and malice from their hearts, and to diink only of peace and love at the Christmas season. Soon die idea of the living nativity spred and was adopted by othei Italian towns. The custom dien gradually spread to Spain, Portugal, France, England and to other distant places in the world. THE MEMBERS OF THE CAST are: Mary, Mrs. Garry Culbertson; Joseph, Keith Godfrey; the angels, Mrs. Steve Lange, Mrs. Jim Roberts, Mrs. Darvin Schnell and Mrs. Tom Hamilton; and the kings, Al Swartz, Steve Lange and Jack Gould. The sheep are being loaned by Mr. and Mrs. George Chipman, the lighting and sound system are being installed by Darvin Schnell and Garry Culbertson, the make-up is being done by Mrs. Dick Pearson, Mrs. Larry Winer and Mrs. Orville Heidecker, the costumes being designed by Mrs. Keith Godfrey and Mrs. Willard Bebo, the care of the animals is the responsibility of Orville Heidecker and Willard Bebo and the publicity by Tom Hamilton and Dick Pearson. The director and assistant director for the first Living Nativity are Mrs. Dick Pearson and Mrs. Keith Godfrey. by March 1, Newmann replied, "I think so but honestly don't know." Newmann said that Congress authorized $5 billion for fiscal '73 but President Nixon released only $2 billion which is 40 per cent of what was authorized. "The situation has been the same with the highway commission," Newmann said, "where only so much of the appropriated money has been released each year and we are in that situation with water pollution control money. "We do know how much money we are going to get, $23 million," Newmann continued, "but when we are going to get it, Kansas City doesn't even know yet. They have been told that they have that money to release to [owa projects, die only diing is they haven't been told when they can use it yet." Asked by Lively if Estherville would be funded from this money, Newmann replied, "Yes, and Mason City. These were projects we thought we were going to fund in 1972 at the 50-25 per cent level." Newmann added, however, "I only will say probably because I am not sure what Kansas City will do. We sent them the project description." Newmann also stated that all grant offers made with fiscal '72 money had to be 75 per cent which eliminated the Estherville project. "We certified your project for fiscal '72," Newmann said, "but we had a list of 70 projects arranged in priority rankings and Estherville was down the line. The EPA made something like 30 offers since July 1 of •71." Newmann also noted that Estherville had not received an offer yet. "We had $22.8 million and thought we would be operating under the 55 per cent federal fundings and had certified 70 projects. Unhappy with Road In response to complaints on the unfinished road in the Ingham and High Lake area, Emmet County board of supervisors held an informational meeting yesterday afternoon. Engineers from Mason City and Ames of Iowa State Highway Commission met with representatives of Rohlin Construction Co. and about 20 residents of the area in question. It was explained that work on the road was incomplete and could not be finished until warmer weather returns. Rohlin Construction Co. had begun the project last summer on a 6V2 mile stretch from Wallingford through Ingham and High Lake areas. So far the company has applied one layer of asphalt concrete surface with 4-foot shoulders. Gary Stribley, county engineer, said the plans are to smooth out the surface next summer, with which state highway engineers concurred. Set ILCC Winter Concert Among Other Things.., Grand Opening of Sewing Center A five-day event will spotlight the Grand Opening of Estherville's newest business, Lakes Sewing Center, 23 South 6th Street. There will be a free registration Wednesday through Sunday for a sewing machine. Red Owl Open Sundays Harold 's Red Owl in Estherville will be open Sundays, effective Dec. 17, according to owner Harold McGrath. Sunday hours will be between 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. He also announced new store hours Monday through Saturday — 7:00 a.m. till 9:00 p.m. Smitty's Super Vtlu and Hy-Vee Food Stores also are open Sundays. An annual Winter Concert will presented by the music department of Iowa Lakes Community College at 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 17, in Roosevelt Auditorium in Estherville. Featured will be musical selections appropriate to the holiday season. The College Chorus, under the direction of Kenneth Van Der Sloot, will sing "What Is This Lovely Fragrance?", Christiansen; and "Psalm 100", Zimmerman. In the selection "The Souls of the Righteous" by Williams, solo parts will be sung by Bob Griffith, Mike Fisher, Keith Kruchten, and Dave Feltman. Lynn Swan will have a soprano solo part in Norman Dello Joio's "The Holy Infant's Lullaby." Featured in "Ecclesiis" by Gabrieli will be a duet by Kathy Tredway and Gene Miller, while brass accompaniment will include Mike Day, Ron Schmidt, and Al Koenecke on trumpets and Chuck Doyle and Kevin Fraser on trombones. Susan Lundy is accompanist for the chorus. The Madrigal singers will perform "The Eyes Of All Wait Upon Thee" by Berger; "Bouree" by Bach, in which Bob Gamble will be featured on bass, Randy Warrington on percussion, and Susan Lundy, triangle; and "Love One Another" by Simons. Under the direction of Mike Day, the Concert Band will play Leroy Anderson's Sleigh Ride and "Three Songs for Christmas" by Grundman. The Stage Band will play "O Holy Night," arranged by Stan Kenton; "Proud Mary," Funk; and "Lovin' Feeling" by Zentner. The public is invited to attend the concert, for which there is no admission charge. From Estherville participating in the concert will be: Jane Banning, Frank Boever, Holly Boggess, Leo Cox, Chuck Doyle, Mike Fisher, Sherilyn Fry, Bob Griffith, Kathy Howard, Al Koenecke, Kathy Lenox, Susan Lundy, Pam Neppl, Debbie Norgaard, Neil Ridley, John Rohweder, Kathy Shouse, Barb Smith, Debbie Short, Debbie Tholkes, Kathy Tredway, Randy Warrington, and Dan Wischhof. Also included will be Linda Kelly, Richard Mclntire, and Scott Turner of Armstrong; Steve Knittel and Barb Miller of Arnolds Park; Cheri Van Der Sluis of Archer; Jane Foreman of Alton; Ron Schmidt of Buffalo Center; Kevin Fraser of Burt; Alberta Havens of Carlisle; Terry Davis of Coon Rapids; and Rich Berkland of Cylinder. Also Connie Moore of Dolliver; Julie Grace, Shirley Shultz and Carol Tate of Emmetsburg; Gale Tonder of Everly; Mike Wold of Fenton; Dave Feltman of George; Brent Abel of Greenville; Jeri Benson, Lois Boettl and Marcia Lawrence of Lake Park; and De- nise Eichenberger and Rodney Janssen of Lakota. Also Rodney Alger, Dale Rolfson, and Len Witt of Graettinger; Terry Blome of Ledyard; Gene Miller of Lone Rock; Charlotte Betsworth of Merrill; Jean Feldhacker of Milford; Keith Kruchten of Oto; Den Dekok of Primghar; and Mark Hulst of Rock Valley. Also Roger Netsch of Terril; Bruce Church of Sheldon; Jim Buckingham of Sioux City; Linda Allen of Spencer; Steve Chalstrom and Bob Gamble of Spirit Lake; Nancy Charlson of Swea City; Kim Mirtinek of Titonka; Tom Osher of Wallingford; and Jim Crawford and Suzanne Fuchsen of West Bend. Participating from out-of-state will be Du Wayne Johnson of Fairmont; Rick Weber of Sherburn; Henry Bruce and Abner Nibbs of Indianapolis, Ind.; and Ed Park of Leesburg, Ind. Shopping I Days i Till I Christmas; Pint for Life Estherville Stores Open 10 Nights Herbert Ruden of Estherville gives his "pint of life" as Registered Nurse Fern Lewis looks 011 during the Rud Cross Bloodmobile campaign held at the V. F. W. Hall Thursday and Friday. The Bloodmobile project is jointly financed by the Red Cross Center stated that the bloodmobile travels to 14 counties in Iowa and covers 99 counties in the five-state area. Ruden said that it was his third time of donating blood. — Photo by Jim Ferree. >.