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1^ MNDOM * i OBSERVATIONS By J. O. DAVIS: The forces that have been operating to bring about the liquidation of the American farmer have been with us for a long time, but have attracted general attention only within the recent period when the plight of large number of farmers become sufficiently serious as to become a matter of general public concern, and to demand action on the part of the government, as would any great public misfortune of public calamity. These forces are still here and still operating; they are still liquidating the American farmer and will continue to do so until a way has been found to give him economic equality with Industry and the manufacturer. * * * The fundamental trouble with the farmer is that he has. In too many cases, sold in the open markets of the world and has bought, in all cases, In a highly protected, closed market. In this situation the American farmer came to bat with two strikes on him; he was so heavily handicapped that only the lush richness of a virgin country could bring him even temporary success. There Is no banker, business man, stock broker or any one anywhere Uiat could sell as the American farmer is compelled to sell, and buy in thee market in which he is compelled to buy and mnke a success of his business. Not being a miracle worker, the farmer has been unable to overcome the economic handicap the tariff system of his country has placed upon him. • • * The story of the tragic failure of the farmer to overcome this liandl- cap Is contained in the record of the Increase in tenant farming in "hose sections of the country where, not so long ago, farms were operated by their independent, upstand- Mendociiio County's Pioneer Newspaper Published for 71 Years DISPATCH-DEMOCRAT OFFICE: 120 E. Standley Street Weekly Digest of Mendocino County News City, Rural and County News Froiq Every Section of Mendocino County. j >ISPATCH-D£MOCRAT: Pkme UkUh Number O—N—i VOLUME LXXI DISPATCH DEMOCRAT, URIAH, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1939 NUMBER 12 Express Agent MRS. RKTA YORK —.IC H.TUNAI, i ItA VINC Appointment Of Mrs. York Announced 'he announcement that Mrs. Reta York has been appointed Ukiah agent of the Railway Express meets rng "owiiers'" The record revekls that I with the general apprxjval of the in 1934, in the State of Oklahoma, ^61.5 per cent of oil I arm were op- crated by tenants, Iowa 47.3 per cent, Nebraska 47.1 per cent, South Dakota 44.6 per cent, Illinois 43.1 per cent, Kansas 42.4 per cent North Dakota 35.1. In most of these states title to these tenant operated farms was acquired from the government under the homestead laws by, In some cases, the fathers, and in some cases the grandfathers, of the men who last them through foreclosure. Why did the sons of the pioneers fall? • * • Take wheat for example. This Is a great wheat producing country and we always have a large surplus above that which is needed to feed our own people. This surplus must be sold in the world market, at the world price. That is not the worst of It. the world price becomes the price also that the American farmer will receive for that portion of his wheat sold, milled and consumed In the United States. The American farmer, therefore, receives ior his entire crop of wheat the same price as the price received by the Swedish, Freijch, Ukrainian and other wheat growers who sell in the world market. The American farmer cannot buy in the world market where he sells, however, he must buy in the highly protected clo.sed market of the United States, behind the tariff walls that keeps the manufactured goods from where his wheat was sold out.' He must sell his wheat in competition with Russians and Swedes and wheat producers the world over, but he cannot buy where these competing wheat growers buy; he must buy here and must pay much higher prices than they have to pay. Even they, his competitors, can buy in their own countries American made machinery much cheaper than can this hard pressed American farmer buy it right here at home. On every American agriculturnl product that the country produces a surplu.s, above what the country can use, the American farmer receives the world price; both for the exported surplus, and for that portion of the crop consumed at home. There is Uiore to the story but that will have to go over to tlie next week. community in which Mrs. York has served the public for 20 year^ Formal announcement that Mrs. York was appointed agent was made Wednesday by E, M. Graham, manager of the Railway Express. Mrs. York succeeds iier husband, C. R. York, as local agent. Reta York assisted her husband in the office during the entire term of his service and for several years, coincident with Mr. York's declining health, was acting agent. She is assisted in the work by R. E. Meek, driver for the Railway Express. y Santa to Arrive At Morty's on Saturday Santa Claus will pay his first official visit to Ukiaii Saturday, according to Morty, who states that ho has received a Santa- ffiani in which Santa states he will arrive at Morty's store at 1 ::iO p. m.. and will have a candy present for every kiddie that is on hjind to ^reet him. Morty has made elaborate prcpni.'itions for Santa's arrival this year, has dolled his store up in a ninnnnr which would fio credit to Fifth Avenue, and snyH th;it if necessaiy. he nan act as a supi)ly base for Santa in the way of thousands of new and novel ^'ft-'^\ - ( Bar Members to Attend Lecture On Probate Sermon Celebrates 74th Birthday Of Pastor A man who has spent his ('ntire life within the shadow of the church will celebrate hi.s 74th biith- day anniversary by preaching a special sermon. Dr. Richard A. Van der Liis. whoso ability as a thinlter anil speaker is well known locally, hu.s ch'bsen as his subject for the Sunday morning service at the Presbyterian church, "The Greatest Romance of History." His text Sunday morning will be. "The Churches of Christ Salute You." H Dr. Van der l,as was born in a throe-room manse and was taken to church by his mother when only four weeks old. Ho has preached for almost 52 years and Is gfivin^j ^ to his local Hock the richnes.s of a life of study and piactice, which aligns the doctrines of Christianity with aotiiiii facts of life, j The .ludge of the Superior Court and representative members of the Mendocino Comity Bar A.s.soclation will i:,r! to Santa Rasa Monday night, Uc. ember 11. to attend the second of th;' series of lectures, sponsored by the Sonoma Bar Association. William A. Breen of Sullivan, Roclie & Johnson, will lecture on "Probate Practice." Breen is an authority on the subject and will give helpfid ideas and suggestions on the practical side of the question. The meeting will convene at 7:30 o'clock In the court room of the Superior Court in Santa Rosa. Last Rites Held For H. CFlinn WILLITS. Dec. 3.—Services were held Saturday at 2 o'clock in the L. P. Anker Mortuary for Harry C. Plinn, Willits re.sident who died on November 30 of a heart attack. The Rev. Chester L. Buckner. Methodist piustor. officiated. Interment was in the I. O. O. P. cemetery. Decsaed was born November 23. 1887. in Omaha. Nebraska, and married in September. 1925 at Los An- Kele.s. Surviving him are his widow, proprietor of the Town Shop, his mother. Mrs. w'. R. FUnn of Omaha, a .sLsttr, Mrs. C. A. O'Connor, Santa Rosa, and daughters. Mrs. A. Nelll B.jork. San Francisco, and Janice of (lie home addre.s.s. The ranch home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Cunningham was razed by fire about 9:30 Friday morning with a loss of many thousands of dollars in antique furniture, books, etc. The fire is believed to have caught from a defective kitchen flue and spread rapidly through the spacious home. Some of the articles of furniture in the downstairs rooms was saved but the bulk of the household belongings was destroyed. Included in the loss is a Hudson painting of an Indian Baby. ..The library which was totally destroyed contained over 2000 books, some of them first editions. Indian baskets gathered over a period of many years can never be replaced and many valuable keepsakes in the family are lost. —Dispatch-Democrat Photo SCOTSWOMAN LAID TO REST AT84 YEARS Came To United States With The McNab Family Mrs. Marlon Strusz, who passed away in Ukiah Tuesday, December 5, was laid to rest in Hopland Thursday, December 7, at the a^re of 84 years. Funeral sorvicns were held from the Methodist church of Hopland, the Rev. E. H. Benson officiating. Robert O'Day was sololsl. Pallbearers were P. H. Hopper, D. G. Macmillan, Amos Remstedt, Charles Snyder, Harry Shoemako, Dave Hendci'son. Eversole Moi'tii- aiy was in charge. Mrs. Strusz was a native of Gins-- gow, Scotland, born March 3. 185fi. \ h-ve NYA PROJECT Fort Bragg Sponsors Toy Loan Library The Toy Loan Library is a definite NYA project in Fort Bragg and plans are under way for the establishment of a work shop and library in the project. The plans for the library are being sponsored in the coast city by a committee composed • of school authorities and other responsible members. The Hist meeting on the project pinns was held Wednesday in the officn of Miss Neva Cavanagh, vice- principal of Fort Bragp Union elementary school. Mrs Carrie Jenkins, area supervisor of NYA, and Theodore Wnller, county manager, mot with the committee composed of MiHs Cavanagh, Roscoo V. Lawson, principal of Fort Bragg junior high school anfl chairman of the Child Welfare Coordinating Committee, Mrs. A. Norman Cruick-shanks, Mrs. George A. Faraday. Project Work The Toy Loan Lihrary project I'on.si.sts in gathering toys that been used and possibly discarded. Under NYA, youths will he put to wo"lt mending and renewing the toyti and a librarian will ACCIDENT She miRiated to the United States with the McNab family in 18B-1 and settled near Largo, Californin, where she lived for .several yeais ' dispense the toys to children under in a los; cabin. In 1874, at the awe i soniewhiil the same ba.sis as books of 19 years, she was united in mar- 1 are loaned from a libi ary. The riaRc to Petei- Strusz, a native of Germany, and the couple commenced housekcepinR near Hopland. Mr. Strusz passed away in 1932. Surviving relatives include two sons, Harry and James Strusz of Hopland. and three daughters, Daisy Strusz and Alice Williams of Hopland, and Mrs. John Patterson of San Francisco. Plummer Leases Bradford Ranch project not only provides work for youiiK' people but teaches them mending, paintinR, etc., and library distribution. Theodore Waller, district manager, pleased to establish a Toy Loan Li- biiiiy -n Ukiah if sponsored by a civic organization. Liquor License Suspended on Two Counts The C. W. Bradford ranch, west of Ukiah. in the Orr'.s Spring.s di.s- trict. ha.s been lea-sed to Howard > Pluminer for a term of five ycar.s. j Mr.s. Bradford has retained the; home place and will continue to make hfr home there. The cottage on the ranch is being remodeled and redecorated for occupancy by Mr.' and Mrs. Plummer, who will take passe.s.sion in the near future. i Howard Plummer is a son of Mrs. Caroline Doolittle and until the sale Han.sen &, Brogiio of Willits paid a fine of $50 and had their liquor 11- cen.se suspended for 15 days, effective last Wednesday, by the Liquor Control Officers. The penalties were on two counts, selling liquor to minors and to drunks. The hearing wa-s held in Ukiah about two weeks ago and the penalties were authorized by the board of Equalization Tuesday. R.lph J. Sitt-s. liquor control of- Workman At Ten Mile Killed^ V^Jamcs Richard Schwciss, 29, workman at Camp 6 of the Caspar Lumber Comiiany, was instantly killed Thursday morning In the wood^ Schwciss was assisting in the removal of a shield from a Caterpillar when he was struck in the head by a piece of the machinery. His forehead was badly crushed and legs and back injured. Deceased is survived by a wife and family. Funeral arrangements are in charge of the Cannarr Funeral Parlors. DISCUSSION UDGES TO MEET WITH MEDICAL SOCIETY^ New Laws on Commitments to Be Discussed of the Round Mountain Ranch in ficer of Humboldt and Del Norte the spring of the year, was manager : counties, who co-operated in the of tlie ranch. Since May. Mr. and , ca.se. was in Ukiah Tuesday and at Mrs. Plummer have made their ' the hearing of two weeks ago. home in Ukiah at the Oak Park Harold Elliott is liquor control of- Apartments. i fieer for this area. COURT PROCEDURE Attorney Wayne P. Burke traced the history of court procedure throughout the years when he addressed Ukiah 20-30 Club Tuesday evening at tbeir regular weekly dinner meeting in the Maple cafe. The speaker Is a past active member and officer of the club. ; — -V Do Your Christmas Mailing Early WfLLITS. Dec. 6.--Postnias- tcr Alva Wilson of Willits has taken out that old mercantile slogan. "Do Your Christmas Shopping Early." dusted it off, changed a word of It, and reminds those wishing to get Yule packages off to out-of-town points to "Do Your Christmas Mailing Early." Already, he said, the date has gone by for mailing to foreign countries in time for Christmas. Hawaii and the Philippines could still be reached in time by plane. But packages going east and to Canada should be mailed this week or early next week. On invitation of Dr. Walter Rapaport, the superior Judges and district attorneys of Mendocino, Lake, Sonoma and Humboldt counties will join the members of the Mendocino-Lake Medical Society at a meeting to be held Saturday night, December 9, at 8 o'clock in the auditorium of the Mendocino State Hospital. Tiie purpose of the invitation is discussion on the new laws governing commitments of sexual psychopaths, psychopathic delinquents, aberrant personalities. The meeting of the society will be organized as a discussion group for this purpose. The last legislature passed laws pertaining to hospitalization. The annual election of officers in the Mendocino-Lake Medical Association will be held and a buffet supper will be served after the meeting. Dr. Robert B. Smalley of Willits is president of the society and Dr. Royal Scudder of Port Bragg, vice president. Dr. Dallas L. Wagner of Fort Bragg is secretary-treasurer. Clubwomen to Consult on Probation A committee from the Mendocino County Federajfion of Women's Club,s will attend the quarterly m.eeting of the County Probation Committee to be held in Ukiah Saturday. The club committee includes Mesdames R. R. Ingels, Potter Valley; Lola Jasephson, Willits; Nell Parsons, Mendocino City; Paul Bryan. Fort Bragg. Members of the County Probation Committee are: Joseph Kgone. Ukiah; Wiida Brazill, Boonville; Rev. Paul Artis, Fort Bragg; E. M. ri ,-,h. Willits: Charles Kasch, Ukiah; MIS. Bernie Brown, Mendocino City; Mrs. Hazel Lawson. Point Arena. Frank Cunningham Home Lost In Friday Morning Fire Home Was Built in 1881 by the Late John Crawford; Contained 16 Rooms and Many Valuable Furnishings ^^tilie ranch home of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Cunningham, on Ruddock Lane, five miles south of UUah, burned to the ground Friday morning about 9:80 o'ck>ck. The flre started between the oeillng of the Idtchen and the roof and rapidly razed the^ fine, old hoHM^ With the aia of neighbors and othera who gathered at the alarm of Are, Home of the fumltiire in the downstaini of the home was saved, but all upstairs furniture, household belongings, clothes, etc. were a total loss. ' Mrs. Fannie McCowen, mothdr of Mrs. Frank Cunningham, and the maid in the home, were in the kitchen when first indications of the smoke were scented. The maid commented on the "smell of smoke." So faint was the odor that Mrs. McCowen suggested that possibly it was the fragrance from the freshly emptied coffee pot, or leaves burning somewhere in the vicinity of the home. Shortly after the conversation, Frank Cunningham entered the kitchen and was told the conversation. Stepping outside to view the home, Cunningham saw smoke oozing from the shingles above the kitchen. Picking up a flre extinguisher,.he rushed to the section wherel the smoke indicated fire, but was met by dense smoke and flames when he reached the opening where the celling of the kitchen could be approached. He was forced to retreat. A call to Ukiah was turned in and the flre wagon went to the scene of the flre, followed by townspeople and neighboring ranch folk. Save Furniture Desperate efforts were made to save the furniture of the downstairs rooms and considerable quantity of household goods were rescued, but by the time that work had gotten underway, it was Impossible to reach the second story of the home and everything contained In the upstairs rooms was destroyed. The fine old home contained 16 rooms, all of them partly or completely furnished. The furniture of only three of those rooms was rescued from the flames and the loss sustained mounts into many thousands of dollars. Through the years past Mrs. Cunningham had gathered books, furniture, etc., from many sections. All of the household furnishings, bedding, linen, etc. were lost. The home is insured for $4500 and the furnishings for $2400. This amount is inadequate to cover the loM sustained. t'^e home was built by the lato John Crawford, head of the w»ll known Crawford family, in l88i, and has been the property of the Cunninghams for about 30 years. It was one of the finest country homes in the valley, large, well built, attractiv|^ The Cunninghams have added improvements in many ways over the original buildinjr, hardwood floors, removal of partitions for more spacious rooms,'decorating, etc. The women of the town who know the furnishings of that home are grieving with Mrs. Cunningham the loss of many valuable ptecAli pf furniture, paintings, glass and china ware, antiques, hooked rugrs, Indian baskets that cannot be, replaced. One of the most valuable pieces lost is a Grace Hudson painting. An Indian Baby, of a probable value of $700.00. A heavy section of the loss that can never be replaced incliides' a valuable library of some 2000 books. In this collection were a number of first editions, among them Burns and Byron. Dr. George McCowen's diary, written when he crossed the plains In 1854, was also destroyed by the flre. Mrs. Fannie McCowen, mother of Mrs. Cunningham, is at the home of her son. Hale McCowen. Though in frail health, she has taken with splendid courage and fortitude the shock and loss of the fire. From shock and exposure Mrs. Frank Cunningham is threatened with pneumonia and was taken today to St. Helena Sanitarium. The community sympathizes with the Cunninghams in the loss of their home, and particularly with Mrs. Cunningham over the destruction of valuable articles of furniture, antiques of many kinds that had been gathered through a lifetime of careful selecting and buying, MINOR SURGERY S. Ghlringhelll underwent a minor operation on Tuesday, December S, at Ukiah General Hospital. Dr. L. K. 'Van Allen is attending physician. CLASSIFIED AOS NEW THIS ISSUE Radio Clearance Sale! CONSOLES R. C. A Majestic Sterling -.. Airline Airline, like new .— Crosley TABLE MODELS Phllco Phllco i _. Phllco Airline Fada - $12.50 7.50 10.00 11.75 22.50 5.75 $29.75 19.75 22.50 8.50 7.50 n our guar- These radios are overhauled 1 shop and carry'new radio antee. Merk Radio Shop "The Shop of Service" Opp. Theatre Ukiah 88tfc LOST—Navy coin purse containing $10 bill, about $2 In change, bet. Palace hotel and Dolores apts. Please ret. this office or ph. 566-J. 68tlo TYPEVTOITER8 FOR XMAS — Shop where you can see them all, large or small, new or used, some as low as $8.50. The Woodstock TVpewriter Agency, 136 Kentucky St., Petaluma. The largest and most complete stock in the Redwood Empire. Our representative will be in Ukiah December 18; if Interested in any particular make of machine let us hear from you and we will have a sampl6, no obligation; terms if desired. 68t4o FOR RENT—Unfurn house. 404 S. State St. 68t3c FOR SALE—Fresh cow and calf. T. Sozzonl, 2 mil. No. Ukiah. 68t6p FOR SALE—4 brood sows to far row soon; 1 boar; 3 large barrows. Inq. Donald Weger, ph. 222. 68t3o WANTED—Married man for genl. ranch work, no children. Box 334, Redwood Journal. 68t3c FOR RENT — Cottage, with bedroom, toilet, bath, kitchen, hot and cold water, gas, lights, etc. Reasonable rates, week or month. Redwood Auto Court, 621 South State St, tWtSp WANTED—House or yard work by hour or day. Geo. Price, Elk Horn. 68t6p LOST—Small, black leather covered loose leaf collection book. Reward. Return to Ben's Barber Shop, Hotel CecUle, Ukiah. 68t3c FOR SALE—Black oak wood, $3.50 tier, del. 308 Mason St., phofne 607. 12-7mo FOR SALE —Home on No. Bush St., 1% acres, well and city water, family orchard, plenty walnuts and almonds. Mrs. A, TomllH- son, Gen. Del. 68t6p ENLARGEMENTS wai prints of all pioturca taken by Jew. •ul photogrsphMw may be ordeN4 at Joarnal once.